TO fHE PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY
A'litwv</ at Opelika and Seale, Ale,,
I y A. B. CALHOUN.
[Published by request ol the Pa tree » of Hus
Patrons of Husbandry, Ladies and
Ue-ntletnen.— Ah a i editor 1 have often felt
it to be my duty to write on agricultural
matters, and I have frequently been
amused by the laughable comments of
Home old farmer, who, ignoring my ad
vice, wished to know “What I knew about
farming,’'as if he desired to contrast me
in this respect with Horace Greeley.
Now, if I wrote about fashions and the
proper way to dress, I must acknowledge
I would be wofully in Hie dark —for a man
who is clean is to me always well dressed ;
and if I wrote about the care of infants,
I would do it very blindly, for 1 must ac
knowledge to a oomple e ignorance ot
even the first principles of nursing,
i'hero are certain things that occupy much
of our thoughts and take much of our
mouey about which the very brightest of ns
know out little, and there are certain other
things about which we know a great deal,
but. about which we think but little 'origi
nally, preferring to follow in the patns
which a hundred generations have beaten
out for us. One of these things is
fanning. I have always thought that a
sense of farming was an innate idea, for
from the days of Adam to the present, 1
question if tuere ever lived a m m of cul
ture and intelligence—no matter what his
calling might be—who did not think in
his inmost soul that Heaven gave him pe
culiar qualifications for running a farm to
advantage, and that, above all things, he
was eminently qualified to give farmers
advice. One thing is certain—the major
ity of mankind wear more vegetable than
they do animal cloth, and they eat more
vegetable thru they do animal iodd ; and,
as our principal aim is food and clothing,
I take it, it is natural that the majority of
mankind should have more knowledge
about the culture and products of the soil
than any other. Now, the majority oi
mankind are born in the country, and in
moments of gratitude to the Great Father,
1 tuauk Him I am one of that number.
From my earliest memory to the present,
1 have been deeply interested in the
subject of agriculture; not that 1
ever purposed, or that my educa
tors ever intended, I should follow
it for a living, but having traveled ever
much of th j world, and my childhood's
training and sut sequent education huvmg
given me a knowledge of practical ana
theoretical agriculture, I have tried to
add to ibat store oi knowledge by my
own experience, and I propose in what i
say to give you my conclusions very can
didly. lhe majority of merchants ano
lawyers, who loos forward to retiring in
their old age to a farm for ease when they
are unfit for hard and useful toil in then
own vocations, imagine they can run a
farm instinctively and live an easy poeti
cal kind of life. Even old sailors, tired
of the ocean, dream about spending then
declining days on a fuim, when the truth
is there is no calling that requires more
labor oi mind and body than mat of suc
cessful agriculture. Now I desire here,
solemnly to protest that I never intend
retiring to a farm wuen I get tired oi
newspaper work, for, to tell the truth, 1
have no sympathy with men who retiie
from the woik of their lives, and I hope
so loug as God gives me strength to wear
the at mor of my cabiug, and to fight m
it the battle or life to the death. No
man is happy who does not work, and his
happiness depend, onnis familiarity witu,
ana success in his calling, and the world
over, men and nations are successful who
work patiently and intelligently.
You will say at once to this, and you
miy frown at my presumption, “Then
the tiuutheru States and me southern peo
ple aie neither patient cor intelligent, for
they are certainly not growing richer!” 1
do not say this, but I will repeal your con
clusion, “the Southern farmers are not
growing richer;” tney are yearly growing
poorer, aul it behooves us as sensible
men to look the cau»e squarely in
the face and say why it is so. Just, here,
a hundred men will be ready to say the
real cause of our trouble is lhe lute war,
which, alter having destroyed the flower
of our youth, ruined much of our proper
ty and completely changed the old system
of labor to which we and our fathers were
educated. I grant you this is true ; but,
my friends, the war only hastened the
ruin towards which the South was speed
ing, for her old system of agriculture
tended to impovensu the land, and was
only limited in time by the number of in
closed acres, and her system of labor was
a greater curse to the whites than it was
to the blacks, for it tended to degrade
what God had crowued with the sweaty
diadem of glory, that is the dignity of la
I abhor partisan politics, for they are
the tools of office hunters, who live
by antagonising the people. I have no
particle of inspect for the haters of sec
tions, for in this laud we speak the same
language, and somehow I never have seen
much difference in individual pluck,
though I will concede that never in the
history of the woild did men work harder,
or with a more sublime faith, than did the
private soldiers of the late Confederacy
for the success of their laud. 'Without
pay, ragged and starving, the lines of their
march were more extended than those of
Alexander, and the fields of their daring
were more glorious than those that laid
the world at the feet of imperial .Rome.
Knowing this, I have often said to myself,
“If the Southern soldiers worked one
tenth as hard for themselves as they did
for the Cocfederacy, the sun in bis twen
ty-four bouts course would not shine on
a laud more, glorious or successful.
To say the brave survivors of the war
did not work on their return home would
be a slander, for the best soldiers are to
day our most industrious and law-abiding
eitizens, and it would be equally unjust
t* say ear planters, as a rule, are lacking
in energy, for it is notorious that they d
more work for less compensation th *
any agriculturists in the world, and pei
haps in food and mode of living the
have as few of the comforts as any clue
i- of farmers, and knowing this we shoul
diligently seek the cause of their year!
increasing poverty, and the blight thu
seems to hung over ths cotton States pai
ticularly. Since the war the cotton oro
1 has not decreased, while the expense c
1 hired labor seems to have been comper
1 sated for by the higher price which col
ton has commanded. Never in any eigh
1 years of cotton culture in the South ha
9 more money been paid to the producer
of cotton than in the time named, am
never-in the history of this country hav
" values in realty declined more rapidly o
1 mortgages and liens been so resorted t<
’ by our planters to hold their beads ove
’ water. In eight years the effects of th,
war should have disappeared to a grea
extent, and our increase in wealth bav<
been manifest over sixty-five ; but sad t<
: ell the country has been steadily growing
poorer, and farming degenerating from <
noble profession into a game of chance.
From the evei glades of Florida to th<
Northern limit of the cotton belt, am
from the Sea Islands to the prairies oi
Western Texas there is not an acre when
cotton is raised that is not peculiarly fi
ted for the growth of corn, roots am
fruit above any like area I know of. 1.
should be the land of milk and honey
By its rivers grow the fig, grape, peach,
orange and pomegranite ; and on us bill.-
■he apple, pear, apricot, plum and cherry
Corn and oats, potatoes and wheat, waL
horticultural products of endless variety,
seem to have found in this region thei.
proper home. By the slopes of the
mountains and in the valleys sheep, cai
ie, hogs and horses can be raised prvfita
oly and in abundance. While spring am.
river, lefre.shmg vains and a genial sun
nourish aiike the finest timbers of com
merce, and deck the laud from nature’*
n >nd with myriads of flowers that loan
ine air with their delicious odor, or pleasi
tne eye with their ever-changing giories.
Here, suieiy, man should attain hi> great
est physical excellence ; here, stne.y, tin
gauut baud of Want should never be aeeu.
but Want has come, and in many of ib<
most favored pans of this heaven-blesseu
.and lean famine is to-day entering the
nouses of the farmers, and asking forth.
tribute of death. ’ Is not tins true ? Why.
in this land, whe/e tue geueious earn,
never refused to respond when appealed
<o for bread, there is not enough home
made food to-day to supply the local de
maud for three mouths ; and in hum
cases there is neither mouey nor credit tv
procure it, tor there us a limit to liens,
and laud only beats one good ciop oi
mortgages. Why is this ? A straugei
wearing of it would say, “isxcre has been
a famine ! lhe erups have failed 1" Oi
auoluer might say, “Dread storms have
iiiiued the crops, or a pestilence has cm
ufi the labor necessary to raise them.”
But you, my friend., know both answers
•wind be wrong. Food has grown wher
ever it was planted. No genera. storm m
sweeping pestilence has come to us, ana
oveu in our great staple that Providence,
so otien te pled’, has continued His
g lodudsS, for tne cotton crop of the year
just closed will be up to toe average cl
years culled good. What, then, is the
cause of the poverty of which we have
heard so much ? Many men say the cause
xs the difference between fourteen and
sixteen cents for cotton, and you hear uu
every uaud, “We woutd have good Umes
it cotton were selling lor sixteen cents. ’
No doubt men who ta>k in this wa/ be
lieve what they say ; but sixteen oeats or
.wenty cents for cotton this f.. 11, would
only nave postponed the impeuaiug dis
aster —strengthened for a moment the
thread that holds the Damocleau sworu
above the impoverished breast of the
Ye men who, under the impulse of pat
riotism, risked your lives for your coun
try or luid your loved ones heroic sacri
fice on her aiturs, do ye know that it is ye
aud not war, or unjust legislation that has
crushed aud impoverisUvd lhe laud ye
would die to defend! if lheie be a man
wnhiu the hearmg of my voice, who owns
and works laud, aud tu-auy feeis lhe hand
vs poverty upon him, let him follow me
aud I will show him the cause of his dis
tress, aud it he asks me for the author oi
ms calamities, I will point to his heart
and say "Ihou art the man.’’ Let him
leave this assembly with me, and I will go
iu his own vehicle with him; ft will be a
battered and uninviting one, it will be
drawn by mmes or liorsus so ill geared
and poor that you will be astounded to
ieuru they are mortgaged like the laud
ihiough which they drag a shovel-nosed
plow. Go with us as this man leads,
over poor.y made roads, by farms, some
good, but the majority delapidated, and
at last he will bring up before a house,
without a particle of ornament or attrac
tiveness about it, aud so large that his
family fives only in one half of it, aud the
balance looks as if it were haunted by the
departed spirits of good intentions. A
score of hungry curs will greet you as you
di mount, wuen hogs would pay a thou
sand times as well. Chips, played-out
tools, and a few ragged-tailed chickens
take the place in the front yard where
fi /were should bloom. Fruit trees, there
are none, or if any they look like the
ghosts of trees that died fruitless long
years ago. Where there are so many dogs
you will be sure to find a cou, le of shot
guns in the house. Aud if ycu meet the
good wife who has so hardly tried to de
her part, she will alwfiys apologize for the
. attire of the children, and her own ap
[ pearance. *No wonder women get pale
and prematurely old in such places. Bui
it is not the husband’s fault. He is t
sober, Christian man. He loves bis wife
r and little ones, and all his hopes anc
1 dreams look to their happiness. Follov
- him on his farm. You will see no fodder
j or hay stacks, no corn cribs fi led wifi
t golden ears, no pig pens filled with fa
j porkers, no meadows embelished witl
Ke£L€l and Heuxicl to Your TXTeiglxTjox*.
io Ideating sheep or lowing kiue, no stable)
in wiih w. 11-fed horses and mules, no barn.
»r- no orchard, no evidence of thrift, only t
ay delapidated gin bouse, and a cottou press
ss ihat looks as if it could hold up its aoh-
Id ing rheumatic arms no longer. But be
!y will point you out the graves of his hopes,
at hundreds of acres of half cultivated,
r- yooiy fenced cotton land, over which oat
>p ter pillars and worms have marched iu tri
os mliph, and these acres are mortgaged, and
n- the crop that was never made his against
't- it liens that cry out to be satisfied.
h' Is this a fancy picture? Do I exagger
ate? Can you not point to a hundred
rs such farms and farmers? Os course you
IC * cun ; and when I ask you as sensible men
' e for the cause, you w ill, one and al), as
)f true men answer, “cotton !” Yes, cotton,
10 ie is the tyrant King that has too long
sr .ivtd on the life-blood of his subjects,
lt who has impoverished them by dazzling
ireamsof wealth, and sickened the hearts
e of the people by hope long deferred. I
° will not, however, throw the whole blame
8 »n King Cotton. He had, and still has,
*’ »Uies nearly as dangerous. One is ex
ravagance, the other false pride; and
£ still another called inconsistency, which,
° while catering to the spirit of patriotism
11 u the planter’s heart, gives him, on the
e >ther band, a perfect contempt for South
ern enterprises, Southern manufactories,
G indeed, for anything Southern but King
Cotton himself, ami, then, this King is
ied by a food called fertilizers, which be
lemands horn his subjects, and the more
•’ they feed him the thinner the old King
,ets, and the thinner he gets the more
L infatuated become his subjects, and to
’ ited the King on fertilizers they rob
• taemselves of food.
1 Now, 1 might go on indefinitely speak
.ng of our p.esent aud past condition, but
• meeting, as we hope, for consultation, it
would be time foolishly spent, and the
J only use in considering the cause of our
■ present poverty aud depression, is to en
s ibis us the better to lay successful piauw
■* tor the future, and realizing those plans,
"Let the dead past bury its dead.”
The argument in favor of all cotton
is lhe most insinuating sophistry wo
know of. It states its syllogism iu this
w»y ; With the same amount of work a
man can raise three times as much cottou
a money as he can corn. He needs
money; therefore he should raise cotton,
his sounds very well; but if the cottou
:rop were a mathematical certainty, as ‘
jorn is, we might consider it. To illus- i
-rate : It is just as if a general with lim
ned transportation, on the eve of a cam
paign, were to say, “With the same
<mouut of transportation 1 can bring io
my command more men than provisions.
1 need men, therefore I will use all my
ranspuilulioo «■- »h<. i
.rout.” The man who made such an ar- |
gument would not be a general, but a i
loot; for provisions aro just as necessary !
.s men, aud he should transport them iu ;
proper proportions, and it is better to
nave ten thousand rations too much than
fifty men too many.
To continue this figure of speech, we
would say he was a bad commander who.
Having the certain means of keeping his
applies near him by a little more labor,
should, for the sake of visionary ease, put
.hem away two thousand miles from h s
.each, where the merest accident would
out them off. Yet this is what the plan
ters have been doing. They have used
all their carrying power for cotton, and
they have got so far away from their base
of supplies that, instead of finding them
in their own camps, they have their corn
cribs iu lowa and their smoke houses iu
11 the case of the Southern planter were
hopeless, it would be useless to talk or
discuss the cause of his poverty ; but,
seeing plainly a remedy, I, as their friend,
feel it to be my duty to cheer them in
their new departure, on the road of com
mon senne, with the goal of success iu
. sight; and this, in my opinion, is what
should be done.
i First, There should be a thorough or
i ganization of the farmers for mutual pro
i teo ion, improvement, and consultation,
i and this end the Granges of the Patrons
i of Husbandry will realize. This organi
-1 zarion is as leg tituate as a board of trades
1 or chamber of commerce, and much more
• essential, in that it protects the interests
'• of a greater number of people. Its se
t creey prevents imposition, its meetings
i crea'e sociability and woik a valuable
> interchange of thought, while its advice,
‘ if followed, must result in the elevation
3 of the farmer, and the formation of a
i brotherhood limited by no State line, and
> so generous in its formation and pure in
I its purposes that woman graces its meet
l ings with her presence, and cheers it with
( her joyous co-operation.
3 Second, There should be a determined
I resolve iu the breast of every planter to
, sell more than he buys, and where be
- buys to keep the mouey in his own see
-3 tion by purchasing, as far as possible,
3 articles of home manufacture. Certain
) groceries, and luxurious articles of dress,
l cannot be raised or manufactured here ;
1 but I remember during the war Southern
. girls felt a pride in their home-made
t dresses and palm-leaf hats—and this to
i make the South independent. Why can’t
a they evince the same self-denial and econ
e omy to make the South pro perons ? They
b were certainly as sweet and kissable then
g in their plain attire, find much better
s qualified to be good men’s wives than they
t are now in dresses which their fathers
e cannot afford, and the profits on which
o go to enrich New York.
e Third, There should be a better system
i- of agriculture than that which now pre
e vails. I know you w*ill argue that the old
it farmer, who has grown up with handu fa
a miliar with the plow should know more
e about farming and its necessities than the
d young man who in hi« life never turned a
w furrow. This I would confront by a sim
>r Uar argument, and ask if the laborer who
h digs a cut or works on a railroad bridge
it should know more about railroading* than
h the trained engineer who could control
COLUMBUS, GEORGIA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 6th, 1874.
)8 the whole work from his office. I say,
j, without fear of sensible contradiction,
a that there aro not five hundred decent
IS plows in the State of Alabama, and that
out of these not one half of them plow
e as deep as they should. Our farmers
~ have been tickling the laud with lit'le
i shovel-nosed plows, for nearly a hundred
i. years, and now they wonder why God
i- d es not make the land smile with a har
d v<st as He did in the diys gone past,
when the fact of it is the land is too old,
dry and shriveled to be tickled as it used
.. to be in its virgin days. Now I believe
q there is a subsoil yet untouched, and there
u are thousands of rich farms covered by
Q the pLyed-out surface soil, that for one
s generation has been sjck and exhausted,
and now it is nearly dead, and guano and
' patent fertilizers are not going to revive
it, not even if you transport to the South
’ all the Cbincha Is>nds. The best fertili
s zers in lhe world, mu those found to work
[ best in Europe, where such things are a
j study, are green manures, clover, peas,
buckwheat, or any other thick-growing
. nutritious vegetable that can be rolled
i and plowed under deep. Two years of
such cultivation would rejuvinate the land,
i particularly if after being plowed in well
, it were allowed to lie fallow for six
. months each time before planting More
, cure should Le tuken m the saving of farm
> manures, aud every stable should be cou
, s ructed so that the drainings would flow
> to a compost heap. The laud is very
much like the mute that plows it, it will
; produce in proportion to its care aud food
i and it should be fed regularly and intelli
, gently. You might as wtdl expect a mule
to grow fat by rubbing corn on his back
as land to be rich by scattering on its sur
face guauo, or any other fertilizer. The
food of the laud must be plowed in deep
where the soil cau digest it.
Fourth, You must make farming hon
orable, and the only way this cau be done
is to show a love and respect for this, the
noblest of callings, aud the Lest way t<-
show your respect is to work yourself
We have too many bosses, aud the bes.
bossed farms South ate those that pay the
least to their owners. Your hands wil.
work better if you work yourself, for it
will raise their labor to the dignity of tbt
masler, aud they will not grumble when
they see their employer so willing to work
himself. But you must show your res
pect for agriculture in another way; teacl
‘ your children to be proud of their father's
i calling, and to show their pride by fol
lowing it. Instil into the minds of you>
boys that it is better, more manly and
useful to stand with bioazed face behind
a plow than to stand with white hands be
hind a dry goods counter. Show them tha! i
it is more honorable to be a good farmer
i than a bad lawyer, and that an indifferent
I yonng doctor bears comjia»4w»»» •
j 4‘or-na r-iU'.’.,—of the soil. Let
I your girls marry farmers and thus raise
■ up tha true aristocracy of the South,
which must ever be distinguishsd as an
agricultural region. Da this and ten
years will not have passed before farmers’
sons, now starving or tvai ing for soft
places at beggarly salaries in the cities,
will return to their homes to work.
Fifth, Make your homes attractive.
Beautify them with fruit and flowers ;
raise as great a variety of fruit and vege
tables as you can to give variety to your
tables and health to your bodies. En
courage your children to read, and let
them have seasons of rational enjoyment.
Make home the most desirable place in
the world by its being the most comforta
ble, and your sons and daughters will
not sigh for the city. It may not become
me, as a newspaper publisher, to say en
courage your children to read, and read
yourself, not only by procuring the best
papers, but also by securing an abndant
supply of good literature.
Sixth. Get out of debt as quickly as
possible, for the man in debt is the slave
of his creditor, and an honest man loses
his independence in the presence of a
man whom he owes, and once out of debt
resolve, with God’s kelp, that you will
never purchase another article that you
cannot pay for, and you will soon see the
effect of this resolution, if yon carry it
Now I might go on categorically and
ndd six*b, seventh, eighth, and so on in
difinitely, bnt I would only repeat what
vou all know just as well as I do ; and I
have no doubt there are men within the
hearing of my voice who will coincide
with mo, and express to their friends the
opinion that my head is level: and some
••f these men imagining that they have
level heads themselves, and just as shrewd
ns the shrewdest Yankee, will say to them
selves, “Well, all niv neighbors are in for
‘hog and hominy’ and I will make by cul
tivating every acre in cotton,” and the
poor fools rise in their own conceit, but
they are simply, by their cunning, paving
the pathway to ruin.
Mv faith in the future of the
Routh I have tried to show by
casting mv lot with her. I see in the
no distant future th« Sonth f'eed from the
thraldom of New York and her planters
free t from the slavery of debt and the
bonds of ignorant culture. I see a South
ern port obtaining the money our section
now giv«s to the great metropolis, and
foreign ships whitening Southern ports
with their sails, as they come to bear
us the produce of their lands, or the la
bors of their shops, and take hack in ex
change that fabric, for whi h the civilized
world opens its purse—cotton. Bnt the
dav is nearing, if we be bnt trm to our
selves, when, instead of shipping to for
eign or Northern ports the raw material,
we can send them with profit to nurse l ves
the manufactured article. I can see the
’ time, though I may have passed away,
1 and you and your decendants, when this
' State and the cotton States es the Sonth,
‘ will be the recognized home of every kind
’ of manufacture; and when, instead of
* cotton being King, cotton will be our
* subject and the whole world our tributa
-1 rie-i, for the world needs nothing that,
’> with intelligent labor, we bannot produce.
'> The day of dreamery the day of dema
f gogueH and politicians, is passed; and
4 the day of earnest, honest workers has
* come, and it is for yon, the farmers, with-
H in the hearing of my voice, to decide
0 whether you will live to see it or not.
1 Follow out the course you have been pur
-1 suing, and your last hours will be trou
bled by visions of mortgages and liens.
’ Pursue the pathway of honesty and com
» mon sense, and you will live to see the
1 South prosper; her mines worked; her
3 factories smoking with the incense of in
’ dustry; her fields well tilled; her people
*’ eating home-made food and wearing
’ home-made clothes, while their hearts in
’ charity are open to world.
' G. W. BKO WN,
COLUMBUS, GA., Feb. 6th 1873.
J HAVE now on baud and am constantly receiv
• ing a fresh supply of the following Goods, aud
respectfully ask a ca I the public:
Clear Rib Sides, Should rs, Mild-Cured Bellies, I
Breakfast Bjcju, Hams, Fuiton Market Beef, and
FLOUR AND MEAL.
Empire Mills “A” and “AA” and St. Louis Ma
z-ppa, Pearl Grits, Fresh Meal and Grits, (mill
Royal, Dooley’s, Rumford's, Durham, and Pres
ton X Merrill’s.
Salmon, 1 and 3 lbs.; Tomato *, 2 lbs.; Mackerel.
1 and 2 lb- 1 ; Lobsters, I and 2 lbs.; Oysters, I and
2 lbs.; Reaches, 2 and 3 lbs.; Fresh Peas, 'lbs;
‘ine Apple, z lbs.; Condensed Milk, Swiss and
M-Kinzie & M Kinzie’s, Albert Biscuit, Pox,
Milk, 8., Sod i. Gi eer Snapps, and Cr<am.
PICKLES AND SAUCES.
Mango s (stuffed) 1 gal . % g >l.. and %
gal.; Mixed and Plain P ckles, <h w how, Ghei
cins and Walnut (English) Pickles, Horse Radish,
Dysters, Sauce, quart- and pint ; Lea & Perrins
Genuine W orc *tershire Sauce, Tomato Catsup,
tad Royal Celery ra>t.
Colman’s (English), Stickney, and/Prepared
French Mustard. z
Nutmeg. Albplce, Mace, Cinnamon, Race Gin
ter »n< Pipper.
Allspice, Ginger r p.red 'Jove*.
Lubin’s Extracts of Lemon, Vanilla and Pina •
Young Hyson, Gunpowder aud Oolong, in W and
pound pa kaire*.
PRESERVES AND JELLIES
in assorted sizes.
Colgate &. Co.’s, Crampton A Bro.’s, and Keller's
Laundry Soaps, and Colgate .t Co.’s Fiu« Toilet
. Soaps. "H— .1,, T
I No. 1 Extra Mackerel, Irish Potatoes, Onions, I
Kerosene Oil, New 0. leans A and Fancy Sugars,
Loire Java and Rio Coffee, New Rice, Candl ■«,
!~iigar« (our own make), Chewing and Smoking
Ootxis delivered free.
C, W. BROWN.
SEND YOUR ORDERS FOR CIGARS TO
LOUDENBER & BRO.,
O oXixxexlo's.xo, Groorgia. i
Send for Samples of our Cigars selling for
$2.50 and $3,50 per 100 !
Manufactured of Genuine
Connecticut Seed Tobacco,
And GUARANTEED to be SUPERIOR to
any bought NORTH or anywhere else for the
Itemember, We will send Samples to Mer
chants and Dealers on application.
GENUINE HAVANA CIGARS
At $55, per Thousand.
LOUDENBER <fr BRO.,
Manufacturers, Randolph Street,
One Door West of “Sun Building,”
Feb 6 It
NOT SURPASSED BY ANY!
IF YOU WANT TO BUY
STOVES, GRATES, TIN AND HOLLOW WARE,
You cannot do BETTER than to go to
J. M. BENNETT & CO.’S
Broad 8 COLUMBUS, CA.
And as they are Agents for the
Southern Stove Works
of COLUMBUS, GA., there you will find the
great, and good, aau |
which is GUARANTEED to last longerand
| SAKE rtbTl’EK, than an\ other STOVE.
| They ario sell the VICTOR, GEORGIAN \
and O. K. COOK sTOVJSS, which are also
man u tact re i by the
SOUTHERN STOVE WORKS.
We also make the Manufacture and Whole
a speciality, and we call the attention of mer
chants to ou slock in that line.
O ill and see our Stock at No. 14,3 Broad
J. M. BENNETT & CO.
MR. R. MILFORD is with us,
Feb 6 It
At Edmunds’ Furniture Store.
Blank Book Manufacturer,
(Old Bun Office Building,)
.. f r ’
RANDOLPH ST.} GA
I AM now prepared to execute with nestnes
and dispatou orders for PBINTLNG ofev
ery description, via:
LETTFB HEADS, NOTE HEADS,
BILL HEADS, STATEMENTS OF AO’T
BUSINESS AND VISITING CARDS,
LABELS AND SHIPPING TAGS,
HAND BILLS AND CIRCULARS,
SOCIETY BY-LAWS, PAMPHLETS &c.
Railroad Roeeipts, Bills Lading, <fco ir
book or loose, Blank Books of all
kinds, with or wittfbnt printed
heads, made at short notice.
Giving my entire pe-aon tl attention to Jot
Printing and Binding,! am enabled to fill all or
ders promptly at L»W CASH PRICES
Orders from abroad receive tame attention at
If parties we.e p. esent.
A full stock of Geo’gla and Al -bama
Legal Blanks always on hand. ieb3—it
Only Hotel In the City.
FRANK GOLDEN, Clerk.
UNDER THE RANKIN HOUSE.
Every Delicacy of the Season.
J. W. RYAN, Proprietor.
FOR SALE BY
I. I. MOSES.
Wm. JOHNSON, Gen’l Agt.
Ivey «so Co.,
Have a Large Assortment of
FOR SALE CHEAP.
G. W. BROWN,
172 BBOAD ST BEET,
Fine and Co union Cigars,
and dealer in
FINE CHEWING AND SMOKING
fSTGivn him a ca 1 before buying els©
, W. H. ROBARTS & CO.,
Bole Agent for Filly’s Celebrated
WMOLBBALE ANI> BBT AILDKALBBB IN
Cutlery, Or oxery, Hous© furnish!ng G> >dt
and M-mu aoturera of Un, Copper and Bhee
Iron Ware, at ICU Broad at. Columbia, O».
I . V
A GOOD BARGAIN!
Thornton & Acee’s,
No. 78 Broad Street, Columbue, Ga.
WHO aSK NOW BKLLING
■ GOOD CLOTHING
At Lower Rates than ever
before offered in this
CALL AMD SEE THEM !
Their New Samples of Spring and
Summer Goods and New Fashion
sa Plates have arrived.
All are invited to coma and gee them.
Measures taken, end orders solicited for Men’s.
Beys’ and Children’s Clothing.
Satisfaction guaranteed. febSlt
Q 88 Broad Street,
We call the attention of the Public to ear
IMMENSE STOCK OF
OF OUR OWN MANUFACTURE, and which
'• wew rrantln rtyie and workmanship al
to custom made.
& Prices Lower than the Lowest!
- LIBERAL D SOOUNT MADS TO MEM
BE.RS OF GRANGES.
• HOFFLIN, RICH & CO.
— ■ - - . - .
J. KYLE & CO'S
4,000 Yards Standard Prints.
4000 “ Bleached Sheeting & Shirttag,
2000 4-4 Sea Island,
Black Alpaccas—all grade*.
Pillow Case Linen 45 in.
Linen Shirting 100 in.
J. KYLE & CO.
Columbus, Feb. 6—lt
A NEW LOT
Prints anil BHed Domestics,
which will be offered at cost.
DELAY IS DANGEROUS!
- Previous to stocking up in Spring, a sholoe 10l e
’ Check Muslins, Jaconets,
Table Linens, &0.,
- Are etl’l offarrd at cost. As the aN>v» will be la
steady request in a few we> ks, a very little delay
will resu t in enhanced prices.
Coats’ and Clark's Spool Cotton,
70 cents per desen.
CLEARING OUT SALE.
In order to dispose of my WORSTED DRESS
GOODS, already mark’d at very o* prices, they
will be still faither reduced IO per cent, irom
J. S. JONES,
* febfl lt COLUMBUS, GA.
WM. JOHNSON, W. H. JOHNSTON,
Columbus, Ga. Griffin, Ga.
IU SOLE AOKKTS FOB FBI STATE OF
GEOBCUA and EASTERN ALABAMA
FOB TSB SAM OF
CHAMPION lIHE EXTINCUISHZBS!
The Chatnp'on Self-Acting Engine for cities,
towns, and villages i* the most p'werfu! self-acting
Engines in the world. The Stoti nary for ware
bouses depots, saw mills. Ac., superior to all otto
-rs in existence. The Portable, the last, ‘ut n<*
least, should be in every dwelling, storebotwe, gks
house, and railroad ears.
To Railroad Companies wishing to supply then-
R ’ selves, we are prepared to offer great indue.mentt.
** Person- wishing any as th < above articles caa be
supplied by addressing General Agent, Columbae,
ar IL W. Jehnstea, ttiian, Cinngis.