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President; C. Pickett, Secretary; G. H.
BOARD OF EDUCATION.
William Simmons, W. Woodard, W. 11,
Rackley, E. W. Watkins. J. F. Pettit.
E. Russel, Ordinary.
Wm. Ellington, Clerk Superior Court.
G. H. Uandell, Sheriff.
W. E. Mulkey, Deputy Sheriff.
T. H. 11. Tate'm, Treas’r and Tax Rec’r.
P. H. Milton, Tax Collector.
James A. Carnes, Surveyor.
J. R. Johnson, Coroner. '
E. W. Watkius, School Commissioner.
Baptist Church—Every fourth Satur
day and Sunday, by Elder J. B. Lee.
Methodist Episcopal Church—Every
second Sunday, by Rev. J. A.Thurman.
aifHioiWsTnTainvfr'i.'tiifitun, wh •< a
Every third Sabbath, by Rev. A. J. Hughes.
Oak Bowery Lodge, No. 81, F. and A.
M.—Meets first Friday m each month.
N. L. Osborn, W. M.
David Garrkn, Secretary.
MAIL—ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE.
Leave Morganton, Tuesday -- 6 ain
Arrive at Ellijay, Tuesday - - 4 p m
Leave Ellijay, Wednesday - - 1 pm
Arrive at Cartersville, Thursday 0 pm
Leave Cartersville, Friday - - 6 am
Arrive at Ellijay, Saturday - -1030 a m
Leave Ellijay, Monday - - - 6 am
Arrive at Morganton, .Monday - 6 pm
Leave Dahlonega, Friday - - 6 am
Arrive at Ellijay, Friday - - 6 pm
Leave Ellijay, Saturday ... 0 am
Arrive at Dahlonega, Saturday - 6 pm
Leave Ellijay, Wednesday - - - 6 am
Arrive at Ducktawtl, Wednesday 6 p m
Leave Ducktown, Thursday - - 6 am
Arrive at Ellijay, Thursday - - 6 pm
David Garren, Postmaster.
WESTERN & ATLANTIC RAILROAD.
TRAIN NUMBER ONE—NORTH WARD.
Leave Atlanta - - - 4 20 p m
Arrive at Marietta - - - 512 p m
“ Cartersville - - 630 p m
“ Kingston - - - 704 p m
“ Dalton - - - 8 41 p m
“ Chattanooga - - 10 15 p m
TRAIN NUMBER THREE—NORTHWARD.
Leave Atlanta - - - 6 20 a m
Arrive at Marietta - - - 715 a m
“ Cartersville - - 8 42 a in
“ Kingston - - -911 am
“ Dalton - - - 10 34 a m
“ Chat tanooga - - 12 42 p m
TRAIN NUMBER ELEVEN—NORTHWARD.
Leave Atlanta - - -3 40pm
Arrive at Marietta - --430 pm
“ Cartersville - - 603 p m
“ Kingston 6 30 p m
“ Dalton - - - 9 48pm
TRAIN NUMBER TWO—SOUTHWARD.
Leave Chattanooga - - 4 00 p m
Arrive at Dalton - - - 588 p m
“ Kingston - - - 7 31pm
“ Cartersville - - 802 p m
“ Marietta - - -918 pin
“ Atlanta - - - 10 10 p m
TRAIN NUMBER FOUR—SOUTHWARD.
Leave Chattanooga - -3 13am
Arrive at Dalton - - - 7 14am
“ Kingston ... 907 am
“ Cartersville - - 945 a m
“ Marietta - - - 1102 am
“ Atlanta - - - 1155 a m
TRAIN NUMBER TWELVE—SOUTH WARD.
Leave Chattanooga - - 10 20 p m
Arrive at Dalton - - - 100 a m
“ Kingston - - 4 21 a m
“ Cartersville - - 518 a in
“ Marietta - - - 810 ain
“ Atlanta - - - 942 a m
No change of ears between New Orleans,
Mobile, Montgomery, Atlanta and Balti
more, and only one change to New York.
WM. MacU.VE, Superintendent.
WEAVER & FANN,
L. J. GARTRELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
PRACTICES IN THE UNITED STATES CIRCUIT
and District Courts at Atlanta, and
the Supreme and Superior Courts of the
"ROBERT B. TRIPPE,
, ATTORNEY AT LAW,
THE ELLIJAY COURIER.
BY H. A. LDIISDEN.
Uncle Ben's Christmas.
He was sixty odd, wrinkled and gray,
And black As the chimney soot,
His clothes that scarcely covered his limbs
Were all patches from head to foot;
He sat on the curb and watched the crowds
In their Christinas glee go by,
And thoughts that busied his brain were read
In his glistening, wistful eye,
“Here! Herd Uncle Ben, this moping
Christmas is no time for care!
Here’s joy and fun all arcund you—
Come, get up, and take your own share!”
“Well, I’m ’blecged to yer, master, but den,
Dere isn’t no Chrism us fur me,
De times is too hard, an’ gits hanler
De longer we niggers is free 1
De fact is, I jes’ was a tbinkin’, sail,
Ob de days dat is long since gone,
When I lib’d on de old plantation
Wid Miss Lu an’ old Marse John.
Dem was jubilee davs in Georgy—
Dere was plenty &a eb£ry hand,
Apd. de nigger?, same as de-white fokes,
Lib’d on de fat ob de land!
When Chnsinus come den, ’twas Chrismus,
Dere was joy on ebery side,
And Marster’s big old pocket book,
Like bis doors, stood open wide;
De white fokes had all dat dey wished,
An’ de niggers wam’t forgotten—
Dere was presents bought up foi dem all
Out de proceeds ob de cotton.
We’d get up airly in de day dawn
An’ ketch dem all “Chrismus gif,”
Till Master’d come out on de porch
A lookin’ mighty starn an’ stiff,
An’ say: “What dis mean, you rascals?”
Seein’ us all dar on de ground—
An’ we’d all holler ’gin “Merry Chiasmus!
Merry Chrismus to yer all Marse John!”
Den he’d say : “You,Ben, come hyor sail!”
An’ I’d go up into de hall
To fetch out a big box ob presents
Dat he got in de town for us all.
Master he'd gib out to de men,
An’ Missus she’d ban’ to de wimmen,
Till we all had somefin in our hands.
An’ de tears in our eyes war swimmen!
Deu de young fokes come wid de egg-nogg,
Made up in a big wide bowl,
An’ gib ebery nigger a cupfull
Dat warm’d bof his body and his soul;
De rest ob de day was our-fieedom, sail,
An’ we had all de fun dat we could—
At night ebery tongue bressed de Lord, sal),
i )at we lib’d so easy and so good.
But dem day* is gone far away, sah,
An’ we ain’t got no master any mo’,
De nigger loots out for liisse’f, sail,
An’ can’t keep de wolf from de do’;
We is glad ’miff now to git bread, sab,
To keep ourselbs byar on de yearth,
An’ mighty few fokes seem to think, sah,
- Dere’” myl’i* -a p’-rger i? y;r .
>-Da* , -£-4e-iK.*'4Vw I ft.- ? so ss4f-sai},-
An’ sigh wbeii (te-Chrismus am eum,
For I t’ink how- happy I’d be, efc
I was back at de good ole home!
But, while dat is de sorrerful truf, sab,
I m hopeful dat de Lord is kind, -
An’ is sabing plenty Chrismus up in Heabeu,
Dat dis nigger will some day find.
The Duration of Life.
In ancient Rome, during the
period between 200 and 300 A. D.,
the average duration of life among
the upper classes was thirty years.
In the present century, among the
same class of people, it amounts
to fifty years. In the sixteenth
century the mean duratijn of life
in Geneva was 21.21 years; be
tween 1833 and 1842 it was 40.68
years, and at the present time as
many people live to seventy years
of age as three hundred years ago
lived to the age of forty-three. .In
the year 1693 the British Govern
mentborrowed money,the amount
borrowed to be paid in annuities,
on the basis of the mean duration
of life at that time. The State
Treasury made thereby a good
bargain, and all parties to the
bargain were satisfied. Ninety
seven years later Pitt established
another tontine or annuity com
pany, based on the presumption
that the mortality would remain
the same as a hundred years be
fore. But in this instance it trans
pired that the Government had
made a bad bargain, since, while
in the first tontine 10,000 persons
of each sex died under the age of
twenty-eight a hundred years
later only 5. *72 males and 6.316
females died under this age. From
this fact it appears that life, under
certain favorable inlluennes, has
gained in many, and probably, in
all its forms and manifestations,
both in vigor and duration.
s The Hon. William Welch, of
Madison, Wisconsin, takes the
lead in novel suflerage move
ments. He proposes that each
man twenty-one years old shall
be given one vote ; each man for
ty-two years old, two votes, and
each man sixty three, three votes.
His theory is based on the fact
that patriotism, a sense of public
duty and political integrity come
with the knowledge which is the
fruit of age and experience.
ELLIJAY, GA., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 16,1876.
North Georgia Getting Wrathy.
[Special Correspondence Atlanta Herald, j
The projected Marietta and
North Georgia Railroad will be
the longitudinal centre of North
Georgia. The latent wealth of
this section is universally admit
ted by all men who have investi
gated with intelligence sufficient
ly advanced to enable their minds
to comprehend its illimitable
wealth-producing capabilities. Its
unsurpassed agricultral lands, its
unequalled waterpowers, its forest
of timbers, mountains of iron and
copper ore, marble and slate, its
veins of gold and silver, and its
matchless manufacturing advan
tages arsuall admitted.
The people of this section have
put iorth their utmost energies
and means to construct this rail
road, and thereby to develop and
utilize the latent wealth in their
possession—to lift themselves
from darkening obscurity and
poverty to, enlightened promin
ence and wealth. They have
drained their pocket books, emp
tied their corncribs and smoke
houses, and have hazarded their
individual fortunes in the attempt
to construct this railroad. During
all their long, unequal struggle,
men with influence in the State
Government have eloquently told
them that “the gods help those
who help themselves”—that they
must do their utmost, and then
this great Commonwealth of
Georgia would not let them go
down and under. They had not
only a reason but a right to expect
State aid to this road. Unraur
muringly for forty years they
have paid their taxes to construct
a railroad through every other
leading section of the State —have
borne the governmental burdens
uncomplainingly, though they
have been shut out from the world,
from its progress, enlightenment
. a i- •, and for a decade
have rallied WxLe Dtrviciacv k*
Ihe standard ‘.bearers of Rone: t
But to-day, without a mine de
veloped, without a stone quarried,
without a stream made navigable,
without a factory established, and
even without a road over which
can be hauled the necessary
machinery for a respectable man
ufactory, and with their all staked
upon the completion of this rail
road—in this hour of their supreme
need, what is their reward ? Why
an unwieldly legislature drags
itself into the Legislative Halls
at the Capital, organizes, and
gravely announces itself ready for
business. Our political-popular,
pulse-feeling and Pseudo-Econo
mic Governor sends in his mes
sage. And what a document! Far
reaching sagacity, masterly grap
pling with the issues upon the peo
ple upon the State,Georgia exhibi
ted at the Centennial, intelligent,
statesman like progressiveuess—
all elements of far-seeing states
manship, give way! His message
must be a mere recital of what
“we’ve done” with many hard
licks at the much mixed and wax
ed Democratic State Treasurer
Jones. - Was this all! Not quite,
for His Excellency is most re
markably inconsistent, or else
quite uningenuous in concealing
purposes from the honest, intelli
gent, working men of North Geor
gia. In Ins message, (page 17.)
speaking of the Macon and Bruns
wick Railroad, he says:
“The Commonwealth has already
been more than repaid the cost of
its construction, in the increased
value which the road has given to
property in the section of the State
through which it passes.” Now,
bear in mind, that the Macon and
Brunswick Rairoad cost the State
$1,950,000, and all that is asked for
the Marietta and North Georgia
Railroad is SIOO,OOO, with first
mortgage on an unencumbered
road bed, and then read the fol
lowing from his Excellency’s mes
sage, page 19:
“It is now believed that, with
abandonment of the ruinous poli
cy of State aid to railway enter
prise, and a faithful administration
of our finances, (such for instance
as the late Treasurer’s alleged de
falcation to the amount of $291,-
969 Sp,) the public debt will con
tinue to be reduced,” etc.
Now, that logic—the very quint
esceace of statesmanship, isn’t it?
True it is consistency, is a jewel ?
It is not our purpose now to in
quire why his Excellency favors
the State’s operating a railroad
in that part of the State which is
so prolific in State appointees.
Nor is it necessary to inquire now
why the minds of his seemingly
subservient Legislature are so easi
ly forestalled, and their mouths
buisfrd by a mere gubernatorial,
opitj^a —“belief.” For thre £re
statesmen in that body, far-seeing,
progressive, truly patriotic states
men! There’s your Hon. Potiphar
Peagreen, who would, at one “fell
swoop,” abolish the most potent
vanguards of our material pro
gress and prosperity, the bureaus
of health, agriculture and geology.
And there’s Hon. All wise Getufi
dusky whose fearless statesman
ship vents itself in the abolition
of the acts granting aid to the
State Educational Institutions,
the bulwarks of our civilization
and liberty. Then there’s Hon.
Batbedhook Whangdoodle, w hose
patriotism embraces the finny
tribe of our mountain streams,
and whose inexhaustible mental
resources are straining after “An
act entitled an act to repeal an
act entitled an act to prohibit
Solomon Snooks, etc.” Of course
time are statesmen there. No
body could doubt it after reading
the proceedings of that body. But
from such statesman North Geor
giins have despaired of getting
their rights. From a statesman
ship that plays with the most vital
issues upon the country like a boy
whli a top—that knows no pro
g jj’ssiveness and makes uo ad
-save what a. djdjag mo
mentum gives it —they have no
hope. They have importuned for
their rights—they now demand
their rights; and in order to get
them, they also demand a party
of progresiveness—a praty whose
sagacity and statesmanship sees
not only the immediate but also
the remote results of legislation ;
not only what leaks out at the
spigot unpocketed by the General
Assembly and its attaches, but
sees also how to increase what
pours in at the bung of the treas
ury. Progressiveness with a State
under active development and
utilization, as contradistinguished
from retrogression with a State of
inactivity and a loathsome sea of
deathly stillness, they demanded
as a plank in the platform of the
party that bears their standards
in the ensusug gubernatorial elec
tion. They are fast solidifying
and crystalizing arouud this bat
tle flag, and are determined to be
felt—if not now by their impor
tunings, then by their votes at
the next general State election.
If you, Mr. Editor, doubt the
earnestness and concert of this
movement, telegraph General
Phillips at Marietta, who has just
returned from a month’s tour in
the mountains. This solidification
completed, North Georgia can
and will, be a balance in State
politics. From this cause will
spring an entusiastic support of
the independent candidate in the
approaching Gubernatorial elec
tion. Candidates who have no
platform of principles to advocate,
no policies to enforce for the ad
vancement and progress of the
State, might as well whistle jigs
to sign-boards as to attempt to
win the votes of this section. The
next Gubernatorial election cau
no more be run on the “shut-up,
hash-mouth-idea” than you can
hang the Chattahoochee on a
clothes-line to dry. More anon.
Gloveless North Georgia.
Take the world right through,
and three-quarters of the humans
do not earn their bread and clothes.
This is what makes it so tough
for the other quarter.
VOL. I.—NO. 24.
Slander a Disease.
The Jewish Messenger, at New
York, discourses forcibly abont
this fell pest. It observes that
when we examine “the human
form divine” we find that the
tongue appears to have been es
pecially guarded by what may be
termed two breakwaters, the
teeth and the lips, so that it should
not pass them without a struggle
for the mastery; yet totally un
mindful of consequences, it passes
the guards and runs agiant’irace
to indulge in utter loquacity and
slander. It is a disease of sq' viru
lent a character that, even i days
of old, it appears to have cr
(meated society, even
mg life. It was not without a pur
pose that Israel’s sweet singer
warned people against employing
their tongues to slander their
neighbors, showing the results
in the following emphatic sen
tence: “Who is the man that de
sireth life, loveth many days that
he may see happiness ? Guard
thy tongue from evil, and thy
lips from speaking deceit.” No
one had suffered more from the
effects of slander than David;
hence, as experience is the best
teacher, the shepherd king was
decidedly the safest instructor.
If admonition of this character,
however, were ueedful in the un
developed days of David, how
much more so must it be in this
modern fast age—in this day of a
thousand facilities for the utter
ance of lies and unclean gabble
by endless speech-making and
circulation of the same by railroad
and telegraph and multiplied
printing. Guard thy tongue, in
the press and out of it—in business
and out of it—in the Legislature
and out of it— and especially in
the family circle.
What bores they are! Wbat
have thgy maqe with the
moments of orderly, systematic
men of business! A person who
is faithless to his appointments
may not intend to swindle people
but he does. To those who know
how to turn time to advantage,
every hour has an appreciable pe
cuniary value; minutes, even are
worth so much apiece. He who
robs you of them might just as
well take so much money from
your purpose. The act is petty
larcencv, according to the amount
of time he compels you to waste,
and the value of it, at a fair ap
praisal, to yourself or your lamily.
The only capital of a huge portion
of the community is time. Their
compensation is measured by the
clock. The moments of which
promise breakers cheat them may
represent in fact the necessaries
of life; and the loss of an hour
may involve the privation of a
loaf, or a joint, or some other ar
ticle urgently needed at home.
Nobody places any confidence m
persons who are habitually behind
time. They scarcely succeed in
any enterprise. Therefore, for
your own sake, as well as the sake
of others —be punctual.
A Texas mob has been guilty of
a most fiendish, unpardouablq,at
rocity. Anthony Smith, a negro
who had murdered J. M. Baker, a
young farmer, was tried and sen
tenced to tie hanged at Cameron,
and now a telegarm to the Galves
ton News says: Just before day
light an armed body of horsemen,
forty or fifty strong, rode into
Cameron and made their way to
the jail. They forced an entrance,
took the prisoner from Ins cell,
and conducted him some miles out
from the town, w here they pul him
to death in a most horrible man
ner. l’he condemned and doomed
negro was tied up by the hands,
fuel collected and heaped around
him, and a lire kindled, which
gradually blazed and enveloped
Ins body, burning it to a crisp.
Not satisfied with the torture in
flicted and the consequent death,
the mob riddled the charred re
mains with bullets. Judge Broad
dus iuforms your reporter that
most, if not all, the mob were
from Bell county. He says it was
an unparalleled case of lawless
ness, inasmuch as the courts had
shown such vigilance.
A Sketch of the Late Mrs. Andrew
Mrs. Johnsons’s maiden name
was Eliza McArdel. She was born
in 1811, and has consequently died
in the sixty-fifth year of her age.
Site was married in 1829, when she
was eighteen, and her husband a
youth of twenty. She bore her
husband five childem, at the
house of the eldest of whom, Mrs.
Patterson, the wife of ex-Senator
Patterson, of Tennessee, she has
now died. Her eldest and favor
ite son was thrown from his horse
and instantly killed at the begin
ning of the civil war while on his
round of duty as Surgeon of the
First Regiment of Tennessee Un
ion Volunteers. TJiia blow great
ly injured her already enfeebled
constitution; and the sufferings
which she subsequently under
went, while caring for the com
fort of her second daughter, Mrs.
Stover, and her daughter’s family
m the mountains -sL, Tenyesseo
during the first year ot tile civil
war, completely undermined her
strength. Mrs. Stover’s husband,
who was Colonel of the Fourth
Tennessee Infantry in the Union
Army, died of disease brought on
by exposure before the close of
the year 1862.
Mrs. Johnson’s second son, Robt.
Johnson, was removed to an asy
lum for the insane during his
father's Presidency. The young
est, Andre w Johnson, jr., survives
his mother. Few women of any
condition in life in any part of this
country were called upon to drink
more deeply than Mrs. Johnson of
the bitter cup of their country’s
afflictions, and herxpatience, sim
plicity of character and unaffected
piety earned for her in the narrow
circle of her personal friends and
intimates the most sincere respect
and affection.—A’. Y. World.
Man and Monkey.
| The London Echo of January 4
Isays: ‘The wonderful resem
blance of some of the larger apes
I to human creatures is especially
, remarkable when they are suffer
ing from illness, or from what, so
great is their intelligence,we must
acknowledge to be sorrow. An
of comrui'q merit JiavUy;
lately died in the zoological gar
dens at Dresden, an account has
been published of its last mo
ments, which give an extraordi
nary idea of the almost human dig
nity and pathos of its behavior on
the occasion. A few weeks of the
destroying malady,says a sorrow
ing friend, had been sufficient to
change this being, so full ot life,
strength, courage—this magnifi
cent prototype of all quadrumana
—into a spectacle of misery. The
most complete apathy had taken
the place of exuberant freshness
and vivacity. Mafuka, as this
interesting creature was called,
appeared to suffer under a dim
consciousness that she could ex
pect no relief, but only the alle
viation of pains, from those about
her. This state of things lasted
till within a few hours of her
death. Then, as Director Schopf,
(the director of the gardens,) lea
ned over his favorite, the ape drew
I him toward her, placed her arm
around the neck of her kind friend,
and looked at him for some time
with clear and tranquil eyes; she
then kissed him three times, short
intervals between each salute,
motioned to be laid upon her
couch, gave her hand to Schopf—
as though bidding farewell to a
companion of many happy years—
and slept never to wake again.
Thus died the quasi-human Ma
fuka, fortified not indeed by ‘the
rites of the church,’ but by those
common to the wider brotherhood
of trusting and affectionate hearts.”
Young man, go to India! It is
the custom there for parents to
pay men to marry their daugh
ters. In Calcutta recently a rich
Hindoo paid a man who came
from a family of considerable dis
tinction the sum ot 1300.000 to
marry his daughter. The fellow
married the young girl a mere
child in years, and pocketed the
money. Within two years he had
gambled away all this money and
was in debt besides. In this strait
he sent the girl to her parents’
home, demanding SIOO,OOO more
as a condition of living with her
longer. The proposal was indig
nant! j’ rejected, and the discarded
wife now remains at her parental
home. It is a stigma uuon a Hin
doo family if the daughters are
not married before arriving at the
age of thirteen.