■ Herr «t<tJ >
THE ROME COURIER
/ . ^;.
' ; ' TEilifs" '
Two Doi.twiViier ttimilni; il <* «*»*«/
Two Dollars uml Fifty Cunts If paid within six
.months i or Tlirco-Dollars at this end of-.tho year.
Unit! »f A«lvor t l*l HIT.
Lkqai. AovKitWiMn.iTS will bo inserted with
Atrict attention to the requirements of. tlio low, tit
Foiir Months Notice, - • — 00
Notice to Debtors nnd Creditors, • 3.2o
Stile ol t’orsoiinl l’rqperty, by. Exeen-) 3 55
.. son, Administrators, ace. .5
Sales of Lund or Negroos, 00‘dnys, > ' 5U0
• per square, ' >’ „ '
Letters of Citation, r. - 3.75.
. Notleo for Letters oLDlsmlaslon, « ,1160
Citndldate* amionrtyintr iheir mimes, will be
Chanted 85 00, which will bo required In ndvnnco.
Husbands niVvortliiim their wives, will be clinked'
#5 00, which miist always bo paid In ndvtihee.
All other advertisements Will bo Inserted nt One
Dollnr per square, of twelve lines or less, lor the
first, aqdFifty, .Cents, r°r each subsequent Insor-
Liberal dediiolinns w ilUsauiado in fuvqr of those
ho advertise by the year,
b! \\ r . hoss,'~~ .
Home, Georgia Office over N. J. Omberg's
' ■ ■ Clothing Store.
JtANCIS M. ALLEN,
, WIIOI.KS.W.F. AKB llUTAlb
Dealer in Staple and Fancy
j)fi% GOODS AND GllOCDRlES.
(jfj. Receives new-goods every week. =£$
Home, (io.,'Janunry 3, 1651.
LIN & RRANTLY.
WARE-HOUSE, COMMISSION'* PRODUCE
, . Atlanta, Ga.
(^Liberal advances made on any article
- Nov. 28,1850. lL—»
~ A. D. KING & CO.
CiOTTO V-GIN MANUFACTURE RS
.:.i ;, Rome, Georgia.
AMSXASDEII A *« sMMBLb.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
t JSfqy. 38, 1630. 1 ... lf ,
liiiaAS luanniAN. 'M ciiabih r. iiimn-ruN.
llAMill.Tt N t iiaoBMa.x.
Victors & Commission Merchants,
, SAVANNAH, QKOHOIA
*Oct.:3, U>5(1,, 1 1 ’ m
THOMAS sunnr.M N.
thtnitdUm i nFjfjtleit
1» ,oo!w>U ,|s>iH, - . ■
■AAi .[r.sib eoffied ecjysq
: dJratofcbt: ffijAbyfrmi
CI1BKLKX r lUMIUTON. 1 1 thus*. .....
UIIIDB.UAN & IIAMll.TOV,
Warehouse & Commission Merchants,
-3!:. MACON, UCOltOlA.
A ,K. I 1 A TTON,
l T T O R N E Y A T L A }V,
Rome, Gem gin. ■
t; Pru'.ico in ull llie Cmmliosof li e Chcro-
Ipoim. 48' : SeptV5, 1850.
XV .V. WII.KINS.
TTORNEY a t la w
Kx .Rome, Georgia.
Hon. W F. PORTER* CHARLESTON, *’ C , or
AT CAVE SPUING, Gt».
- v Hon .Wv.llvHNoRUNVOoH^UO.MK, OA.
. .lioil. WILLIAM B//AIID, DECATUR, OA.
is; 1850, ai ly
o. wT I* M A I/l/,
DRAPER AND TAILOR,
t A«.i i Broad Street .Rome, Oa.
•i^ttolior 10, 1330.
’~* r ' j7n7¥i (KEiisoiv,
" :i ■ WllOT.KS.il.i: AND in: T.I It. 111. A Mil! IS
itUOS, MK1MCINKS, PAINTS, OILS, ItTfi-
* STUFFS, PKHFUAUSltY, .Vo.
ctober 10; 1850 . Brand Street.
' COULTER & COLlilER.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
b,.VI,1851. . . .
_ t __;0TlirLv
.. ROME, GEORGIA.
LSI MARY CHOICER
of Dhlilbiicgit, lms tnhen elmr^t; of tlio
, . J^L, nml mitdtt oxtua^lvo prepiiriiRAiis
nnlort and ebnvfenience of those who may
sr .wltU R.cull. , From her long exporiunce,
fidundy hope.^'to glyo cotiro siuisfiiction to
Ittyiiltqrs nnd Permanent-Udurdors.
.^mjjor 1850. d9 Him.
■ Persons will be carried lo and from
t :^o the Hotel, free of charge.
Shames s. griffin,
FOnMEBby or AUGUSTA,
KG sold out my entire .intereat in the EX-
NGE HOTEL in tliis plnce to Mr. Jamb*
, I take pleasure in tecomniending the for-
Bund the 'travelling public generally, to
heir patronage, ns 1 feel confident that the
tpidaof'Mr. Griffin will be well Kept
not .urpo8scd by pny House in the City .
A. B. REEVES.
Joseph Milligan has been elected Cash
ier of the Georgia Railroad and Banking Com
pany, vico John W. Wilde, resigned.
Counterfeit bills of the denomination of
one hundred.dollars on the Bank ol Mobile
are in ciroulation—all,persons should he. on
their guard when.bills of this denomination
arc presented to them.
The spurious bills are easily detected' by
reference to the President’s name, which is
spelt Ilcllelt instead of HaLLett.
EfitiotUTinM.—Advices from Great Britain
by the recent steamers slate that the emigra
tion to America this year will exceed any
thing herolofme witnessed. In Ireland espe
cially, thero appears to he n fixed determina
tion among thousands to come to the United
Slates, where they bolleve there is plenty of
work and good pay.
A great Cathedral is pfojecled iiy the Ro
man Catholics in Washington City. It is
estimated to cost $1,000,000, mid if is to be
paid for by contributions from the .Catholics
in the Union, and by the donations from
Europei A lot of ground 300 feet square has
beoa secured fur it.
A Washington letter of the 25th ult.
says^-Lnnd wnrrnnls nre in demand. Thoy
may ho quoted at $120 to $125 for 160 aeres
and for 40 a $41. Dimes and half dimes
and American half dollars are worth two.
per cent, premium.
A Piu. fob a Duki.ust,—A11 npothccury
having refused to resign his seal nt the thea
tre to mi officer, who feeling himself much
insuliod,seiH him n challenge The apothe
cary was punctual at the mealing but observ
ed, that not having been accustomed to
shoot, lie Irnd to propose a new way of set
tling tire dispute; He then drew from his
pocket n pill-box, and taking from thence two
pills, thus addressed his Hii'ngonist“As n
man ot honor, sir, you certainly would
wish to fight me on equal terms, here nre,
therefore, two pills; one composed of the
most deadly poison, the other perfectly
harmless; we me, therefore, on equal
grounds, if we each swallow one; you shall
lake your choice, and I promise faithfully to
lake thatwhich vou leave.’’ It is. needless
to add that the nfinir was settled by n hearty
laugh —Saturday Express.
A PouTtcAL Ahecdote.—The lines and
fences of political parlies have been so much
displaced since lire ancient Federalist and
Democrats contested so hotly the political
field, that we venture lo publish the follow
ing good one, believing that at this day no
party will fcol particularly hit by it ;
A worthy deacon in : Connecticut, hired n
journeyman farmer, from a neighboring town
for tho.sumirlef, and induced him—although
lie was unaccustomed to church going—to
accompany the faintly to church, on the 1st
Sabbath of his stay. Upon their return to
the Deacon’s house, lie asked his “hired
man’’how he liked the preaching. He said
that lie- didn’t like to hear ally minister
“T am very sure >ou beard no politics to
day,” said the fJencon.
“1 mil as sure that 1 did,” said lljeman.
“Mention the passages,”said the Deacon.
.“1 will. He said -if the Jederalkts scarcely
are saved, where will the democrats appear’!”
“Ah,” said the Deacon, “you mistake.
These were the words—1/ the righteous
scarcely are saved, tolie-e will the ungodly and
wicked appear}' ”
-“Oh yes !” said the man, “he might have
used those words, but I knew darned well
what he ulcant!"
A Bear Story.
■ Mn. Editor:—Rending your interesting
article respecting ilie habits of tlio hear, a
pretty good story floated up 'o the surfnee,
related to me some timo since, by itiy friend
tile Colonel,'who had spent the most of his
fort une and file in the Woods of Florida, now
years gone by; which 1 will attempt to relate
— the truth of which you may depend upon,
ns 1 heard it direct from bis own lips. “The
Colonel ‘-had a black fellow, Dick, a good
nntured happy creature; who one morning
was strolling through the woods, whistling
iind roaring ns he went, when suddenly he
spied an individual ns black ns himself, with
much more wool.
Dick looked at his new friend, and the
bear 1 ("on his rump) at him. pick’s eyes
began to stick out a feet. “Who dntr” cried
Dick. “Who dntr” agjnin cried Dick, shak
ing nil over. Briier uegnn to approach.—
Dick pulled heel for the first tree, nnd the
boar after him. Dick was soon up the Cy
press, mid the hear scratching close nfter
him. Dick moved out on a limb the bear
followed—till the limb began to bend; “Now,
see here, Mister if you come any furder
dis limb broke 1 ” Dere! dere! I tell you so
As.Dick had said, the limtTbroke, ana down
came hear nnd nigger. Dere, you brack deb-
bil, I tole yer so; dis all your fait. Yer
broke yer neck, nnd 1 giss take yer to Mas-
OOD& J. W,tf. UNDERWOOD.
ho. C|iurok«B .Circuit, (ox
' ilk personally ntiend nil
BRWOOD wIll attend
retrain coumies-of the
Starting Newspapers.—The' fg|
with whic.fi nowspnpors are started w
very generally lead some among the.uBinitia-
ted to conclude Ihntfeheir publication is a
very desirable nnd lucrative business: The
expnrience of thousands, ■ however, tails u
very different story. . L’eigh Hunt has just
published an “autobiography,” in which some-
however, speedily declined; until it fell into
other hands. This is,a curious fact, consid
ering that JIunt is. one of. the most , popular
and fascinating writers in the language. It
proves what has often been paid, that in the
newspaper But mess a peculiar, talent > is re
quisite for success
We may sny, without exaggeration, that
not one in a hundred of all the newspapers
that are started, overreach the point of pny-
itig Iheir expenses. We have plenty of men
in our country who can bent Leigh Hunt In
the number of their failures—men who nre
haunted through life by. n newspnper mania;
who start a fresh one before the obsequies of
the last that d ied under their treatment are
performed—and will do the same over hop
ing, ever failing, and never learning, until
pitying death removes them from the tempta
tion of type. Like some of these; Hunt lack
ed the business inct, tho necessary experi
ence and information, and the uniformity of
character required io become a successful 1
Dr. Rush was, perhaps, one of . the most
untiring students that ever lived. Two
young physiciims were conversing in his
prescnco once, nnd one of them said—“When
1 finished my studies”—“When you finished
your studies!” said tho doctor abruptly;
“wlty, you must lie n happy men to hnvo
finished so young. I do not expect to finish
mine while I live.
Widow June’s Cow.
Widower Smith’s wagon stoped’ono morn*
jng before widow Jones’ door nnd gave the
usual signal that he wanted somebody’ in the
house by dropping the reins and sit' ing double
with his elbows on his knees.
Out trippid the widow lively as a cricket,
witli a tremerdous black ribbon on bet snow-
white cap. Good morning was soon said on
both sides, and the widow waited for what
was further to be said.
“Well, ma’am Jones; perhaps you don’t
want to sell one uf your cows, now, for not
hing, no way,do your’.’
“Well, there, Mr. Smith, you couldn’t
hnvo spoke my mind better. A poor, lone
womnn like Me, don’t know what to do
with so many creatures, and I should be glad
to tnde-if we camfix it."
So they adjourned to the meadow. Far
mer Smith looked at Ronn—then at the wi
dow then nt Briiidlc—then nt tho widow—
at the Downing cow—then nt the widow
again—and so through the wnole forty. The
same call was made every day lor a week,
Injt farmer Smith could not decide which
cmv he wanted. At length, on Saturday,
when widow Jones was in a hurry to get
through Iter baking lor Sunday—and had
ever so much to do In the house, as all far
mers’ wives and widows have on Saturday,
she was a little impatient. Farmer Smith
was us irresolute ns ever.
“That downing cow is a pretty fair crea
ture—hut—” he stopped to glance at the
widow’s face ; and then walked nround her
not the widow but the cow—
“That ere short horn Durham is not a bad
looking beast, bull don.’t know—” another
look ut tho widow.
“The downing'cow I knew before the. late
Mr. Jones bought hor.” Here he sighed nt
the allusion to the late Mr. Jones. She
sighed and both looked, at each, other. .It
was n highly interesting moment. ^
“Old Ronn is u faithful old milch, nnd so is
Brindle—But 1 linve known better;” A long
stare succeeded this speech -the pause was
getting awkward, and at Inst Mrs. Jones
broke out : Law ! Mr. Smilh','if i’m the c<Sw
you wnnt tlo say Sw
■ The .intention of the 'widower Smith and
the.widow Jones were duly published the
next day ns poop as they were publish
ed, they were married.-—
Anecdote of Parson B. Old Parson
B S Who presided overn little flock in
one of the back towns of the State of M
was without any. exception, the most ec
centric divine we ever knew. . His eccen
tricities were carried 11s far in the pulpit as
out of it. An Irtiitance wo will relate.
Among his church piombers was one who
invariably made a practice Of leaving the
church ere the parson wiis two-thirds through
his sermon. This was practised so long,
that nfter a while it became a matter of
course, and no one, save the divine, seemed
to take notico of it . And he nt length no
tified Broibef P. that such a thing must be
felt assured, he needless, hut P. said that at
that hour his fumily needed his services at
home, nnd he must do it; nevertheless on
leaving church ho n|wnys took a roundabout
course, which by some misterious means; al
ways, brought.hiin.inc.lo.se proximity with'
the villnge tavern, which he would enter,
“and thereby hangs a tale.”
Parson B ascertained from some source
that P’s object in leaving the church Was to
obtain a “dram,” nnd he determined to stop
his leaving and disturbing the congregation
in future, if such n thing was poss’ble,
The next Sabbath Brother P left his seat
at the usual,time and started Tor the door,
when Patson B exclaimed—
“Brother P !”
P. on being thus addressed, stopped short
nnd gazed towards the pulpit.
- “Brother P.” continued the parson, “there
is no need of . your- leaving church at this
time ; as I passed the tavern this morning, I
made arrangements with tijj landlord to keep
your toddy hot till churoh was out ”
The surptise and.inortificutkm of the broth
er can hardly be imagined.
ministoFthus. “Mr. Preapher. I hnve^een a
lawyer in this city for near linlfa century,
and of all the rnscnls it has ever been my, lot
to deal with, none surpass that class of crim
inals who turn' state’s'evidence.”' The above
may be relied offas correct.
Jenny Liuil.aiid llio Blind Buy.
VVe Iravo hoard much, said and seen .much
written of this lady, but the following,.which
we take from the New Orleans Picayune, ii
one of tho most, touching incidents, pourttny-'
ing tier vocgl powers aqd charitable disposi
tion,that qv'o hare yet seen in print.
A poor blind boy,.who is highly gifted
with musical talent, and who. resides in the
northern part of Mississippi, had expressed
s “ c ' 1 great anxiety.!a hear Jenny Lind sing,
that his friends rmsed a subscription lo send
him to this city to gratify his wishes.
“Oh arriving here, lie accidentally look
lodgihgs in the saiile hotel with Mr. Kyle,
tho celebrated flutist One evening Mr.
Kyle hearing some very wild and sweet flute
notes, listened for snmc lime in surprise, hr.d
ns the sounds died away, fie said' to himself,
“Well, that fellow thinks he can piny ; but
now I’ll just show him what I can do.”—
Taking up his flu e,‘he played'the'air of the
“Last Rose of Summer,” with variations.
The blind boy listened -with breathless de
light !i following the sound, lie came to the
door of Mr. Kyle, nnd stood there until the
last notes ceased. With a feeling of impulse
he could not restrain, he knocked at the
door. “Come in,” said Kyle, and not re
cognizing, (he lad, ho said, ‘What do : you
want sir r’ “l.am bjind,” said tho hoy, ‘and
have been drawn liithor by ypur sweet mu
sic. Do tell mo who you ore.’ ‘I am but
a poor musician,’ said Kyle, ‘and am travel
ing with Jenny Lind, ns flutist.’ ‘You are !’
exclaimed tho lad ; ‘Oh ! sir, do tiiko me to
hear Jenny Lind ; 1 have come a long way
to hear her sing, but tho price of tickets is so llver
I also innko on the plantation the ;o<na-
burgs and linseys for the negro clothing, hav
ing sheep sufficient to raise wool for this pur
pose. Shoes, hats nnd blankets 1 have to
buy; the shoos'! buy are of Southern mnnu-
tuctnre; ani. I would have my hilts made bore
if there was a hatter convenient; "and would
innke comforts for tlio negroes but of cotton,
instead of buying blimkcts, if Twere not
fearful ft-om the general carelessness of ne-
groes might tuke fire. You percoivb
from the foregoing thqt l um for making ami
raising every thing at home that 1 cmf, not
only ns a mutter of ecbnorfty,hut of Mndepen-
ilcnco against Northern, cupiility nod RKi?r»J3-
sion. Others mny do as they preaso; but fanny.
self, 1 intend to pity as little frilmio ns possi-' 5
hie to the North or West, uml in this wav, if
the Sou lb would uiiitodly nnd clli'cicnlly act
they could bring tlio North and West to re
spect our rights, and with n sense of their du
ly, do us justico, without 11 resort to seces
sion or any other ihcasures that would endan
ger the Union; until M-eryTilhei 1 reasonable
effort hnd failed to secure Southern rights
nnd constitutional equality in tho Union.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
JAMES WHITFIELD. -
Columbus, Miss , Jan. 4, 1851.
The Providence Journal says:—A correspon
dent furnishes us with the following authen
tic version of an nnecdot6 which wo copied
lately: While Mr. Burchard was preaching ono
of his hottest sermons,f nt ihcaeld J Chalhnm
street chappel, New :YorkJ ha rhisgdhis
high that I am too poor to buy one. Cnn’t
you lake me lo hear her, sir ” ho continued
witli great feeling, ‘1 have henrd she is so
good, so generous, so pretty, and sings so
8weetly,that I shall never be hnppy until 1
Mr. Kyle felt deeply for the boy, and
promised that he would take him : to hear
the lovely Swede. Accordingly, he took
the blind boy that nighf, seated him in a chair
behind the scenes; Tho sweet songs of the
Nightingale afflicted the poor lad deeply, and
produced upon him varied sensations. But
when Jenny sang 'Home, Sweet.Home;’ he
melted into tonrs. - On her retiring, she was
attracted by the sound-of the boys sobbings,
nnd inquired who he was. Mr. Kyle .then
told her (he history of the lad in a few
words, which much...interested her.: nqit
nqnding for |iim‘ tho next day, the poor hoy
left the generous songstress one hundred dul-
lnrs richer than when he reached the city.”’
A Cmt.n’s PitAVEn.—A dear little bright-
eyed child, who has been lying upoivlhe fur-
rug before the sanctum file suddenly pauses
in her disjointed, innocent ’ chat; says little
Blinkey has come to town, and (hat her eyes
are henvy ; creeps up to the -paternal knee,
nnd half asleep, repents very touchingly to
us, we must say, and certainly in the most
musical of all' “still small voices,” these
lines, which a loving elder sister -has taught
her: - ■ '
Jesus, tender.Shepherd, hear me,
jr Bless 1% little lamb to-night ;
’Through the darkness be I hou near me.
, ‘ Watch my sleep till morning light.
All this day thy hand hnlli led me,
•' And I thank thee for thy care ;'
Thou host' clothed me, wnrined and fed me—
Listen-to my evening prayer.
The prayer itself dies upon her Iip.i, in'nl •
most indistinct, sleepy murmurs ; only when
Kitty, who has come for her, is taking her
nwny to (he nursery, she says, half awaken
take me when I die, to Heaven,
Happy there with the to dwell,!'
Since little Jose went up stairs, we’ve been
thinking of this, nnd because it' interested us,
we thought we would jot-it ’down.—Knick
From the Soiitlieru'Cultlvator.
Pork Raising—Southern Independence.
Mr. Editor :—in some of the numbers of
the Southern Cultivator in former years, I
have noticed articles upon the subject of rais
ing hogs, Their treatment, with the average
weights of those killed, tho ages at kfijraj
time, kc. Having, ns I think, derived muci
benefit from reading these communications,
and reflecting upon the subject, I hnvo deter
mined to give you the result of my success
to some extent, in the raising of pork. 1
commenced farming in this country in 1844,
with a determination, so fur ns 1 could, to
raise on tho plantation and manufacture every
thing that Could he raised and manufactured
advantageously. I soon found there was no
difficulty in raising pork sufficient for the plan
tation, the family, and some for sale.
1 killed In December pnst, 132 hogs, 100
of which averaged 233 ibs. the wholo 132
making iiOnr '29,000 lbs. of-as-fine pork ns
ever saw, none of the hogs over two years
old at killnig, being from 18 to 22 months
old. My plan in raising is to cross upon the
best stock I can get in the neighborhood
every year or two; separate my killing-hogs
for the next season from tho stock hogs in
January or February, sow oats for grazini
and pasturage, plant cuts of corn early ani
late, which is cut in roasting ear, and Ted to
th.em.atalk and all:, 1 feed also,lo some extent,
with rotten cotton seed, to my fattening hogs
only, in the spring'and summer, using salt,
ashes aad copparas, the two formpr freely,
and having a North Carolina overseer who
believes strongly in the virtue of lar, we use
pretty freely of that article upon the corn,
in the water throughs, &c. 1 commence!
two years past this, winter- to sow.red clover
Letter from Mr. Webstar-
WASHINGTON, Fob. 20, 1S5CI.
lGcnt/eiqen}.‘—h is a source of deep 1-egret
to mo lltul my.public duties absolutely pi;o-,
hihilmo from huving the pleasure of accept
ing your invitation, in belialf of 1I10 Umoij,
Safety Commitice, to attend n public dinner
on the Twonty second, in honor of that nus-
picious day. Auspicious indeed I All good
influences, all menus of independence, liber
ty, freo government, tlio creation of n nation,
its prosperity; hnppinoss, and glory, -lilihg
over the hour when the eyes of . Washington
first opened to the light. TApplause.J
of a sho wer.’ (’Groat u|
•1 tughler, which continue
jilause and roars of
for several inin-
Wo hat'escen piojiositions for sesession'
formally brought forward, and-sdlcumly dis-
cusspd,-in the legislatures nnd conventions blj
Knvnriil nf il<n Ulnlnu
lion of his chnrnclor, nnd our gratitude for
his parting lessons of patriotism and wisdom.
You. stty 4rply gentlemen, llint : tile great
duty devolving on us is that of regarding the
Union as tlio foundation of our .pence atid
S inoss,hnd the coi,slilutiori ns the cement
at Union. So Washington, regarded
thorn; mid whenever his furdwoil address to
ills country shall be forgotten, nnd its adnitini-
tions rejected by the poopio of Amei-icai
from that time it will, become a farewell ad
dress to all the bright hopes of human liber
ty on earth. (iGroat cheering.)
Gentlemen, the character of Washington
is umongThe most clmrislind co..in,..pi..i;-..o
of iny file. It is a fixed star in the firma
ment of great names, shining ’vithout twink
ling or obscuration, willi clear, steady, beno-
ficont fight. It is associated uml blended
witli all our reflections on those things which
are nonr and dear lo us. If wo think of the
independence of our country, wo think of
him whoso efforts were so prominent in n-
chleving' it; if we think of the constitution
which is over us, we think of him who did
so much to establish it, and whose adminis
tration of Its powers is acknowledged to be a
model for his successors '
If we thinkof glory in the field, of wisdom
ih the cabinet, of the purest -patriotism, of
the lirglicst integrity, public nnd private; of
morals without a stain, of religious feelings,
without intolerance and without extrava
gance, the august figure of Washington pre
sents itself 09 the personation of nil these
ideas. (Applause.) You-do well, gentle
men, at this interesting hour, to invoke his
example, lo spread over the-land a knowledge,
of, his principles among the rising generation,
and fervently to pray. Heaven, that the spirit
which was ill him.may, also lie in us.
When Washington, in behalf.of the con
vention, presented to the. old Congress, nnd
to the country, that Constitution which was
the production of their.patriotic und assidu
ous.labors, he. made this,most important dec
laration In all our deliberations upon this
subject, we kept steadily in our view that
which appears to us tho greatest, interest of
every , true American, tho consolidation of
our Union,, in which, is involved our prosper
ity, felicity, safely, perhaps our national ex
istence. This important consideration seri
ously and deeply impressed on our minds, led
each State in the coiivetition to bo less rigid
on points of inferiotf magnitude, -than might
have been otherwise .egpected, and thus the
Constitution, whjch,we now present, is the
rosult ol a spirit r o‘f amity nnd of that mutual
difference and concessioq whjqh tho peculiari
ty of our political situation rendered indis
pensable.’' (Applause.) And when his
public ciiroer was drawing to a close, lie left,
to his country, as his hist best' gift,'his' most-
earnest nnd a’ffectionhle exliftrlion to uphold
that Uniou as the innio pillar of independ
ence, and to frown iridighnnfly upon the first
dawning of any attempt to dissolve it; (Ap-
This ndvice is: heeded now, and wlll-.bc
heeded hereafter. 1 JJut nevertheless, there
are some among us on whom it is no injus-
ticq thpt. those frowns of indignation shoold
fall. .: (Clieers-J -There are iliose who-are
altogether, for abandoning tlio Union,-nud
alienating one ■ portion of tliQ. country from
the rest. They avow their "wishes, they dis
close their purposes They open Iheir hearts,
and in their hearts thore is found no pulsation
for that Uttioq which makes all Americans
««ro sonlr to lie hidden under regular legisla
tive provisions ttf consider I he same subject.
In ono iihportiilit State, recent elections
show that -thero prevaifs among the people,
alniosl an entire unanimity of scnlimeftl in
invor of breaking up the Union; nnd thii dis
solution of the’ Uni ni, it is "supposed, mny
not take plnce without • conflict in arms.—
Munitions of ivnr nrn therefore, provided.
schools of tnSfrtiVltorr* rh
tnblishcd, and an armed
suined. These apprehensions of conflict,- in;
ciiso secession bo attempted, are not only
well-fminded, but in'my judgement certain'to-'
lie realized, ffoeessfon emihot bo accom-;
plished bnt by war. I do lint lielievo iliose.
who favor it expect nny-otheV result. Their'
Hope is that their cause’ and its objects may-
spread; nnd that other Stales,-by local sym
pathies, or n supposed common interest, mfty
bo led to espouse it; so that .the whole coun-,
try mny coine to be divided into two great
focal parties, and as sucli lo' Conlcnd for the
mastery. , . - ■. • ) i i
But Prnvidehco has not forsaken us.
•Tl.is’object,T lielievo, lias been dcfcated :
by tlio HiettWii-es of adjustment adopted hy.
Gongress nt Hie last session, and by the spirit,,
ubllily, hnd success with which the Iriends of
tho Union’have resisted it .in -the South.—
Nor hnvo tlio oflorls of- yoitp- association^
gentleineu, been eillior imimporimit or una
vailing. Your voices have been heard-
throughout the whole land, and no man can
doubt how tlio grkat commercial irotropojis
of the country -feels and nets, orjicrcaftcr will
feehand net, oh questions involving publio in-1
terest of such indescribable magnitude.— ■
IVe have recently Jbeen" informed; gentle
men, of an open net of resistance, tq,law in
the city of Boston;;nnd.if the uccouuts be.
correct, of the 'circumstances of this occur
rence,.it is strjclly ..speaking a case of. trea
son. (Groat cheering.; If men combine
and confederate together, and by. force of
numbers, effectually resist the opqration. of
nil act oft Congress in its application tq a par
ticular individual, \vith tlie avowed purpose ■
igo 111 Un—.fiQgj.
r»n purpose of preventing hy arms, or by th
power Of lira, muilituitc, tlio csQOUtion of
process for the arrest of an all edged; fugitive,
iu any nnd nil cases, whatevor. ham sure
gentlemen, that shame' will .burn, the cheeks,
und indignation fill- tlip hearts nf. .nineteen-
twentieths" of tho" people of Boston, at the
avowal of. principles and tho commission of
outrages so abominnhle. (Great cheering.)
Depend upon it that if the, people of that
city had. been inforuied" of any such purpose
or design ns was carried, out in'the-court
house of Boston, on, Snturday last, they
would have ruslyid to the spot and crushed
such a nefarious project in the dust, The
vest majority of the people of .Boston, must
necessarily suffer in their feelings, but ought
not. to suffer at ail "in their character and
honor, or'i« their loyalty "to thq constitution,
from the acts of stich persons ns . composed
1 he mob. I venture to say (hgt. whon you
lleitr of them next, you will learn that, per-
sonally, and collectively, as individuals, and'
also us represented in the city’councils; they
will give evidence of their fixed purpose to
wipe away and,obliterate, to the full 'extent
of their power, this foul blot on tile reputa
tion of their city. (Groat applause.)
Aijd now, gentlemen, when projects of
dissolu tion hnvo lakon so much "of form aiid
pressure in public bodies . in the ®outh, and
whoh lawless violence, trampling; on the pub-’
lie huth^fities’, stalks, forth, so boldly in the
North, you will see that your work, highly
prosperous thus fur, is nevertheless pot yet
concluded". It is wise and patriotic, ■ there
fore, that you commemorate yotir love of
country, strengthen-your resolution to main
tain the constitution, the Union and the laws,
by uniting to celebrate (he anniversary of the
great-Father of Ins 'Country,: Yuu<do well,
to call to memory his services, to revive in
found'respeci and admiration c
where there is a trite love Tor the mauru>n»u»
of the country. ? ' ";j, '
And eve?y American" mny well doubt the
patriotism of'hjs own; lifeurt, when he finds
that In that heart venerhtfon for Wnsbihgtoit’
begins to-be languishirig and dyinga-vay.
Gentlemen, the. path-of-duty before you
■ and before,, me is, plain and broad, It is to
do oirr duty and our wholo ditty thoroughly
win. an uni iii.k.ii, ..o .. " j
struggle upon earth. Atm. tji.en, if the bl n a
of civil war shall flow, iLwilb, not stain our
garments; if disgrncofnl outrages, gniqin*
strength by indulgence nnd temporary su<
cess; shall proceed froth stage lo sja^c. li
they destroy the livei o.f niefi, women o"
children, pull down mid deiqo
one people. All is but the ebbipg and.flpw- of justice, and-even wrap’cities in fl
ing of.tlio dark, unwholesome, troubled cur- you and 1, and our characters and 11
6 •• - - both now and jvi'H posterity will at I
cape tho consuming conflagration of 10
I am, gentlemen,
very interesting facts in connection with the: eyes towarair the dpbr just at tho moment’Col.
ittbject'urC'devcloped. .He says-that-he has, Aaron Bjifr, entered', and, exclaimed; there
ri his .time, .eoufmenced no- less than eight -* ir - — L — 1
rent of secession, schism; and separation.
N-Jlwithstnndiim fflLljiat \ye seo and hear,
gentlemen, and all that wo have seen nnd
beard for the last twelve months, some ppr-
sons'affect to believe that' the Union is not,
anff has not been, ill danger.. They Trent
jfour. efforts, made for its preservation, with
indifference and often with derision. It np-
peafs to mo that the temper of theso persons ,, m ’ P
is very fouch like that of those who, when „ 1
the fouhtaihs of tho great deepjinil beep ' 1ICSIC * l
ken up, thet windows of heavqn-
'''qdTalle.n 0 F 4 -’ kB -'—