Newspaper Page Text
, EST ABLISH ED 1850. )
1 J. H. ESTILL, Editor nnd Proprietor, f
DAVIS’ EVENTFUL LIFE.
SOME OP ITS STIRRING INCIDENTS
Attempts of the Federal Government
to Secure the Confederate Presi
dent’s Assassination—Mr. Garrett’s
Success in Obtaining His Release
from Prison—Not a . Disunionist—His
Estimates of His Generals.
Baltimore, June 9. —The American
llcrald of this city will publish to-morrow
a six column contribution giving an ac
count of recent important interviews with
Jefferson Davis. In those interviews Mr.
Pavis. among other things, charges that the
Federal government conspired during the
late war to have him assassinated. On this
lubject Sir. Davis said:
While the Confederate government was at
Montgomery, Ala., in 1861,1 received an anony
mous’letter from Philadelphia, the substance of
which was that the Governor of Pennsylvania
bad released a noted desperado from the peni
tentiary upon condition that he would go to
Montgomery and assassinate me, with a promise
of a reward of SIOO,OOO If he succeeded; that
after his release the man stated that he could
not probably succeed alone and gave the name
of another convict of a character like his own
with whose assistance he felt sure of success,
and that the second convict was released to ac
company the first. About the time this letter
was received I was going from my office to my
residence. I observed a man squatting down on a
bneU w alk, which was about three feet high and
upon w hich the paling of the yard rested.
A STRASOE DISAIU’EAJUXOK.
Walking rapidly I had gone but a few steps
before the position of this man so impressed
mo as to induce me to go and look after him.
Then walking back toward the corner of the
fence behind which he was crouching I saw him
looking over the wall toward the gate through
which I was expected to enter, but as I reached
the corner he jumped up and ran toward the
rear of the lot upon which my residence stood,
where there was an alloy. 1 followed him rap
idly, but when 1 had reached the alley he had
disappeared. The only way in which he could
have escaped appeared to be through the gate
which led* into iny stable. Thither 1 went and
found my servant in the loft throwing
down bay, who, upon inquiry, denied that
anybody had come there. He was a servant I
had n-ared in whom, as I afterwards learned, I
had misplaced confidence. Accepting Ids suua
meat as true, and making a fruitless seaiffa
elsewhere, the hunt was abandoned, but the
warning received was not forgotten. Commis
sary General, Col. Northrop, my fri end and old
army comrade, so on thereafter went w-ith me by
rail t< i Richmond and was on the alert during the
whole trip for the reappearance of the assassin.
I sent the anonymous let ter referred to to Hon.
William H. Reed, of Philadelphia, asking him to
make such intpiiry as would verify or disprove
its allegations. If he over replied I do not know,
as commuuications were closed soon after that.
FIRED OS NEAR RICHMOND.
While in Richmond it was my habit to ride
out often in the afternoon to visit the defensive
w orks we were constructing around the capi
tal. On one occasion, accompanied by my aide,
Colonel. William Preston Johnston, I hud ridden
across GiUis creek and was going up the hill
when a rifle ball whizzed just behind me and in
front of Col. Johnston, who was riding by my
side, a little in the rear. Warning him to seem
as if nothing hud occurred, we rode rapidly
around an unoccupied house, from which it was
thought the shot must have been
fired, and from which wo could see
distinctly the ground over which any one must
have (led if after firing he had taken to flight.
No oue w as visible. After returning to the city in
the evening, Col. Johuston went to the provost
marshal, who seut out some men more skillful
than we had been to make a further search in
the houses. They found in the upper story some
planks cut out of the floor so that they could be
removed, and underneath thatfouiul a man with
a rifle, who gave ala me account of himself as
hiding there to avoid conscription. His story
of being employed at a bakery- in the city was
found to be, upon inquiry, unfounded.
OOI.U FOR HIS RESCUE.
That morning I was notified that a man with
a liberal retainer in gold bad employed a law
yer to sue out a writ of habeas corpus. Aware
that though circumstantial evidence might pro
duce moral conviction, that be would probably
be discharged in compliance with the writ, and
that as the man was of a strong and physical
vigor for a soldier, I directed him to be scut to
o<:n. Lee at Petersburg, witli an explanatory
note and hope thut he would be put in the front
line to stop a ball intended for a better man.
What became of him I never learned, matters
of larger importance engrossing the attention
of Gen. Lee, as well as of myself,
fni another occasion, while returning
from an afternoon ride with my aide, Col. Joe
K lfavis, just as wo entered the suburbs of
Richmond a shot was fired from behind a high
garden w all at very close rauge, but without
elect. We r> >de up to the wall, by rising in our
r 'Tup. looked over into a garden, but no per
son could be seen. It was twilight, and the
shrubbery afforded some means of eonoealmeut
AN ATTEMPT TO WRECK A TRAIN.
There were many reasons before the Dahl-
Krrn raid for believing that efforts inconsist
ent with the rules of war as practiced by civili
zation were made to secure assassination, espe
cially of the President, and to acquire infor
mation by spie3, resident and transitory,
mri that targe rewards were of
fered for such services, including arson
•tad murder On oue occasion when I was
known to be traveling on a railroad to the army,
Information was brought by a lady who had
overheard a conversation in a born, tiiat ob
structions were to he placed on the track, and
1 information was verified by a detachment
f;"* "’ll" found the obstructions and some
y nili and r.tates soldiers secreted in a barn near to
the place where the train was expected to be
NEVER A DISUNIONIST.
Mr. Da vis gives his motives and political
status in IStJI. and claims that ho never was
“disunionist, nut that the Northern Senators
rejected at that, time every proposition that
promised pacification. lie refers to 13. F.
o'llicr voting; for him fifty-seven limes at
c harleston, K. (J., in 1860 as t.be candidate of
tli" i Vtn< xratio pn rty for President to prevent
dii-union, and declares that he did not desire
J" lie President of the Confederacy hut to
take prompt, and, as he thought, adequate
tu ins to prevent it. After his election and
'-induration at Montgomery all his
eh"rts wore directed toward securing for
fie -efssiing Htates peaceful separation,
though he never thought of going hack
hi the Union to escape the last
f ‘ ' )rt to Hi" arbitrament of arms. Mr. Davis
■ eloquent in his praise of Golds. Albert Hid*
uo.v Johnston, Isa?, Jackson and A. P. Hill.
~ Vs ■ J b H. Johuston had no jieor on eith
er side during the war, if he ever had in
s men, an history, and his loss to the Con
‘■leracy was irreparable. Gen. Lee tvas
I ~v“ <’iate nnd friend at West Point with
•jOoniuias Polk and Jas. B. Magruder, and
, " l,> never was aught but harmony be
THE SEVEN DAYS BATTLES.
j''h oa ' t hig of the seven days battles
' Unr l Hiehmond, Mr. Davis says Gen. lasi
and executed a desperate plan to
, n fiwk and rear of Gen. McClellan’s
I„, "t'd added that, his failure to nnnihi
. federal army was due chiefly to the
, l ' lt Gen. !,e had no maps of the coun
. below Richmond, and that his array
cm i- 111 'kuiii atice of the country and with
", who for the most part., proved them-
I, ’ ’'ttorly inefficient, lie says that Gen.
on ir , •i H '* t 1,1 the retreat from Petersburg
v,M " , * 'lav of the war was to reach Dan
.... J' 1 "! then unite with Gen. Johnston and
tvinu 1 Hherman before Gen Grant
C ieli, '°** l hint. He declares that, Gen. Mc-
F,,l "• “tid Gen. Meade were thd two best
ha, <u Generals, and if the former
0,,, .. been permuted to carry
a s u. Pcampaign against Richmond
heart Itonned it and had received the
m< t,t i! ,u *’f“ , >dof the Federul War Dcpart
t,, |i ’ ’ would have resulted disastrously
Jiu L . °pl*dei'atee. Sneaking of Stonewall
**°b' he said nobody expected that this
fp)j t Jltonina
quiet professor whom he left in Virginia
military institute, would have an opportuni
ty t° show the great qualities he possessed
and become the great hero of the war. Had
he not fallen at Chancellorsville, Mr. Davis
says the Federal army of the Potomac
would have disappear,. 1 into history under
circumstances far different from those
which marked its dissolution two years
later. He says of A. P. Hill that no truer,
more devoted, self-sacrificing soldier ever
Mr. Davis aud his family are warm in
their praise of the late John W. Garrett,
and confirmed Mr. Garrett’s statement made
before his death of how he secured Mr.
Davis’ release from imprisonment at
Fortress Monroe, which is as follows: Mr.
Garrett stated that on the occasion Mr. llus
sell, a distinguished lawyer of Wheeling,W.
Va., who had been in the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad Company’s employment,
and who had been a delegate to the
Charleston Democratic National Convention,
came to his office at Camden Station and
sent in his card. At that time he was en
gaged with a large delegation, which kept
Mr. Russell waiting for an hour and a half.
In time he went out to meet Mr. Russell,
who introduced him to a lady heavily
veiled, who proved to be Mrs. Jefferson
Davis. Mr. Garrett apologized for keeping
the party so long waiting and said if he had
known that a lady was present he would
have been more prompt.
Mrs. Davis told Mr. Garrett that she had
just arrived from Fortress Monroe, where
her husband was closely confined in the
casement, and that unless lie was released
ho would die. She said she was informed
that Mr. Garrett had great influence with
(Secretary Stanton, and she wished him to
see him for her. She desired Mr. Garrett to
go to Washington with her, but Mr. Gar
rett replied: “No, you had better remain
here until I go first.”
She promised to do as requested, and re
mained with the late J. S. Gittings. Mrs.
Davis, in her interview with Mr. Garrett,
laid before him all the difficulties she had to
contend with to secure her husband’s re
lease. Among other things she said Mr.
McCullocln Secretary of the Treasury, on
his way from Fortress Monroe, had said
that Mr. Garrett could count on him to aid
him in his efforts to obtain Mr. Davis’ re
lease. Mr. Garrett started for Washington
immediately, and upon his arrival there
called upon Mr. McCulloch, and after
stating the nature of his business told him
that he intended to see Secretary Stanton
about obtaining Mr. Davis’ release. Secre
tary McCulloch was thunderstruck with
amazement, and said it was preposterous to
think of doing anything with Secretary
Stanton. Mr. Garrett told Secretary Mc-
Culloch what Mrs. Davis had said about
his proffered aid, which he attempted to
deny or evade. Finally it was agreed that
they should go over and lay the subject be
fore Attorney General Stausbrery.
Upon their arrival at his office Secretary
McCulloch was about to introduce Mr.
Garrett to Mr. Stansberry, but the latter
stopped him by saying that he remembered
Mr. Garrett very well, os they had met be
fore. Mr. McCulloch then narrated the
nature of their business, to which Mr. Stans
berry replied that he had seen stranger
tilings than that done, and could see now no
objection to the plan proposed. After talk
ing the matter over Mr. Garrett, contrary
to the advice of his associates, said he would
go and see Secretary Stanton, who was at
home sick, and, it was said, could not
be seen by any one. He told the two
gentlemen to wait for his return,
as he intended to see Mr. Stanton
who they said would be furious at the men
tion of Mr. Da vis’ name. Mr. Garrett
drove to Mr. Stanton’s house, sent up his
card and was admitted. He found the War
Secretary lying on a lounge too ill to raise
up to greet him. Mr. Garrett stated his
business, when Mr. Stanton grew furious.
He told Mr. Stanton that two of the Cabinet
officers were willing for the release of Mr.
Davis upon his executing a sufficient bond,
and that President Johnson was waiting to
receive the order front, his War Secretary
before executing it. Mr. Garrett pleaded
for Mr. Davis, whom he regarded as
a dying man. and stated that the country
would applaud his act.
STANTON GIVES IN.
Finally Mr. Stanton agreed that ho would
not raise any objections if the Attorney
General arranged for the release of Mr.
Davis. Mr. Garrett went back to his asso
ciates, who were astonished at his success.
The preliminaries were arranged, he offered
bail, anil the character of the bondsmen
came up for discussion. Mr. Garrett pro
posed Horace Greeley, who Mr. Stansberry
agreed to accept with the others. Finally
Mr. Stansberry said that Charles O’Conor,
Mr. Davis’ counsel, would have to
come to Washington to arrange the
terms of the ex-President’s release.
Mr. Stansberry said lie would not
make any advances to Mr. O'Conor, as he
had published some very olo'ectlonable ar
ticles about the release of Mr. Davis, and
had taken very high constitutional grounds
upon the subject. Mr. Garrett returned to
Baltimore and reported to Mrs. Davis the
result of his trip, which gave her great sat
isfaction. It was agreed that she should
get Mr. O’Conor to come to Mr. Garrett’s
house on the following night, which she ac
complished. Prescott Smith, who was a
favorite with Mr. Greeley, was sent after
him and he came to Baltimore on the
same night when the whole matter was
arranged. Mr. Davis was taken from
Fortress Monroe to lUchmond, and by the
efforts of Mi . Garrett was quartered at a
hotel until the preliminaries for his- dis
charge were arranged in the United St ites
Circuit Court. Mr. Davis says lie lias no
desire to enter public life, but is deeply
solicitous for tho welfare aud prosperity of
the wholo country, and says
the only disturbing element to
be discerned now are the efforts of the ex
tremists of the North to keep alive for po
litical purposes the animosities anil hatreds
of flic past. He says lie thinks the time has
come when reason should bo substituted for
passion, anil when the men who have fought
In support of their convictions shall be able
and willing to do justice to each other.
Cleveland on a Yacht.
Wastiinuton, July The President
was the guest this afternoon of William M.
Gingerly, proprietor of the Philadelphia
Record', on board bis yacht, the Restless,
which came up the river last night. The
other memliers of the party were Secretary
Hayard, Secretary Lamar, Secretary Whit
ney Col. Lainont. and Mr. Henry B. F.
MacFarlaud. The yacht, left tlio Ninth
street wharf at 2 o’clock, and turn ed back
nliout o’clock, having made a twenty mile
trip down the river.
Three Clerks Dismissed.
Washington, July 9.—Three *l,fioo
clerk* in the mercantile marine division of
the Treasury Department were dismissed to
day in consequence of the transfer of certain
work from thut division to other division*
of the Treasury.
Washington, July 9.-The President to
day appointed P. Stephen Hunter to be col
lector <>f customs for the l.upp
uhannock. Virginia. *
SAVANNAH, GA., SUNDAY, JULY 10, 1887.
THE PEELING TOO BITTER TO MAKE
Germany’s Exasperation Heightened
by the Testimony Brought Out at
the Treason Trial—More Startling
Exposures Than Those in the Klein
[Copyright IBS? by New York Associated Press.]
Reklin, July 1). —If the temper of the
German press were a faithful reflection of
the disposition of the government, war with
France would be a question of a few days.
The revelations at the Klein trial, the
French tax on foreigners, which is openly
designed to affect Germans, and the pro
hibitive impost on German spirits have
the combined effect of incensing
the people to the utmost. The latter meas
ures by themselves have been held of less
account, but, associated with the spy trials,
they have heightened the general sense that
French enmity is implacable, and that it
seems to wound Germans where it can,
waiting a chance to inflict the deadliest in
ANOTHER EXPOSURE COMING.
The trial of Klein is tho fifth treason
trial in which clear proof was afforded that
the French war ministry has organized a
system of espionage. A worse case than
any revealed is under inquiry. An em
ploye of the central administration at
Strasburg is about to lie tried at Leipsic.
He is charged with selling to the French
War Office all of the official reports
sent to the Chief Administrator of
Alsace by his various subordinates. The
completeness of this system of espionage
suggests that treason is still at work aiid
that any moment may bring further revela
tions. Official irritation equals that of the
public, and both officials and the general
public would approve the strongest diplo
matic remonstrance being made to the
DRIFT OF THE PRESS.
As to tho dangers of the situation, as
reflected bv the press, the Kreuz Zeitung
explicitly declares that any further show of
considerateness toward France is impossi
ble ; that a country whose whole policy to
ward its neighbors springs from feelings of
wrongness and hatred has no right to ex
pect further toleration.
The Berliner Tageblatt says: “If in spite
of all offortsto keep the peace, the war dance
of Franco and Germany must open its
bloody maze, France will, either overtaken
by the fate of Poland or the German em
pire, bo cast down from the height
on which it has stood since the storming of
Duppel. The Germans would enter upon
war conscious that they had done their best
to avoid a conflict. In the meantime tho
severest sentence attached to tho Leipsic
trial is not that pronounced by the Reichs
gericht, but the judgment it involves on
THE SEED OF HATRED.
The National Zeitung. which is noted for
the moderation of its articles says: “It is
impossible to close our eyes to the dangers
of recurring hostile incidents. Tho seed of
hatred against Germany, sown for the last
seventeen years, is now in most luxuriant
bloom. Day after day French gapers are
filled with the names of Gerinau residents
in France whom it is treason to talk to
or employ. France must soon bo made to
see that hatred is not a foundation on which
a civilized state can attain external power.”
The Post, commenting on the anti-German
furor, draws the conclusion that the present
peace should not lull tho German people into
a sense of security that is not justified by
the facts. This press campaign, which has
begun in earnest, has an undoubted official
inspiration. It is believed to foreshadow
early diplomatic action toward France.
Regarding the election of Prince Ferdi
nand of Saxe Coburg as Prince of Bulgaria,
Berlin official feeling favors tho Prince, but
nothing has transpired to show Prince Bis
marck’s tendency. Count Kalnoky supports
Prince Ferdinand. Duke Ernest of Naxe-
Coburg, Prince Ferdinand’s father,hasgiven
only sullen assent, with the proviso that the
Prince's acceptance by the throne shall de
pend upon the approval of Emperor Wil
liam. The talk of diplomatic circles asso
ciates Prince Ferdinand’s election with the
probable developments of an active Bis
marckian policy against Russia. Tho govern
ment press does not cease warning investors
against the uncertainty of Russian securities.
The Cologne Gazette says: “Just ns Russia
depreciates Gorman landed property in
Russia, so may she some day introduce a
high tax on coupons and destroy German
Kinco the success of the imperial loan the
attacks on the character of Russian finances
havo continued, and it is evident that politi
cal and not financial impulse is behind tho
The Gift lrora America Formally Pre
sented to the Ex-Premier.
London, July 0. — This afternoon at Dol
lis Hill, in the presence of a large number
of guests invited by Mrs. Gladstone to a
garden party, the American testimonial to
Mr. (iludstono was formally presented to the
ex-Premier, and afterward exhibited by
him to the guests. The presentation speech
was made by Joseph Pulitzer, of the New
York World. Mr. Pulitzer was accompanied
to Tiollis Hill by Mrs. Pulitzer, Perry Bel
mont, of New York, Patrick A. Collins, of
Boston, James McLean, of the New York
Associated Pr-Richard M. Walters and
C. C. Khaync, Jr., of New York, and T. O.
Crawford, London correspondent of the
New York World.
Mr. Gladstone received tho party of
American visitors a few minutes alter 4
o’clock, and after shaking their hands and
pre:i it mg them to Mis. Gladstone all pro
reeded to the lawn, where the testimonial
was taken out and stood uim a box. Tho
massive piece of silver work was most care
fully examined and admired by Mr. Glad
stone and Mrs. Gladstone. It was the first
time either of them had seen it. Mr. Glad
stone then laced Mr. Pulitzer and the two
gentlemen formally liowed. Mr. Pulitzer
then spoke as follows:
Mn. Gladstone- Ten thousand six hundred
and eighty nine people of the first city of Amer
ica ask the 11l s! cil izen of England to accept this
gift, They ask you toacispt it as an offering
of flieir wiii i ii ' sympathy, oh a token of their
personal admiration, ai> n tribute to your great
public services In the causes of civil and relig
ious freedom, for your (fc-termlnation that the
principles of liberty and justice,
which have made England so free and great,
shall no longer lie denied to Ireland, and as an
evidence that there is an Irreprwwlhie sympathy
between the liberty-loving masses which is
rpore sincere than that of rulers. They espe
dally oak yon to accept it. hocausu m your
great struggle for home rule mid humanity for
Ireland you represent essentially these Ameri
can principles of representative legisia
lion and political equality by which
the greatness of their own country was
msde possible. They honor you because In the
inevitable conflict Is* wren Democratic and au
tocratic ideas you represent the former. They
admire you because In the Issue lets ' ' HM
American and aristocratic principle of govern
ment, the privileges of a few against the wel-
fare of the many, you stand on the
American side. * * * * In a
spirit of peace alone this testimonial is
tendered, not by enemies but by friends of Eng
land's best, interest. Jn the spirit of peace sure
and si sin to crown your efforts accept it. lVaco
and new life for I reland, lpeace and new st rent:lh
for. England, peace and friendship between Kng
Mr. Walters having read the engrossed
address, Mr. Gladstone, who had made some
notes during the proceedings, spoke with
great doll Iteration and feeling. Af
ter praising the beauty of the
gift he said he did not think
so much of what he deserved, or might
fairly claim, ns of the profound and irre
pressible interest of America in tho great
Irish cause. [Cries of "Hear, hour!”] He
woull not dwell upon himself further
than to say that, while in public life
praise and blame came from all quarters
freely. Praise generally came in a maimer
of which? for the most part, public men
could not complain. The cuse of America
was peculiar in this respect. From
America he had never had anything
but most generous treatment, un
mixed indulgence for and appreciation
of whatever efforts it had been ill his power
to make, a mast generous interpretation of
anything ho had said or done and a disposi
tion outrunning alike his expectations or
wishes to interpret his conduct not wisely,
but in a manner which the largest,
charity would scarcely suffice to
account for. He would not dwell upon per
sonal matters, which were of minor impor
tance on such an occasion, but he nail
hardly a greater consolation than the unani
mous support he had received in America in
the present struggle. [Hear! hear!] Some
of his countrymen, in a false po
sition wherein they had placed
themselves, expressed certain jealousy of
American interference in English affairs.
Was he to consider interference of one na
tion by the expression of its opinions of the
Hffairs of another unjustifiable and intolera
ble? If so that sentence would fall heavily
upon England, because she had
been interfering in everybody’s concern
throughout tho world, instructing coun
tries what they ought to do and how to do
it. It was much too late, under these cir
cumstances, to object to tho conduct of
Americans when they ventured to advise
us on the Irish question. It would bo
monstrous and unusual if Americans did
not do it, for the feelings of humanity re
quired it at their hands. [Cheers.] It was
not merely an expression of opinion from
America, England has long lxx-n tiie recipi
ent of American alms. This great, ancient
and wealthy country was not ashamed to
partake of tne growing wealth of America.
We receive American alms to lighten famine
in Ireland. It is our business, if possible, to
prevent it, or if It arises to bear the
cost thereof. We have received American
alms not for that alone, but for the removal
from Ireland to a happier land of a large
portion of tho population which Lord Salis
bury receutly designated as a burdensome
engagement upon the soil. While Amer
ca’s operations and remittances were con
fined to these purposes nobody
complained, but we had now
reached another jieriod, when the
sympathy of Americans took another
form, the Irish peoplowore no longer fight
ing their battle through secret societies,
they were no longer driven to assert what
they thought were their rights by move
ments against the public authority, hut they
were fighting a groat parliamentary con
flict, mid they had the support of hardly one
iu a hundred of the propertied classes
in Ireland. America had once
more, to what extent he did not know, for
be was ignorant of the details, administered
to the wants of Ireland to enable her to
assert her rights in a constitutional manner
by pecuniary means which wero absolutely
inseparable from every public operation o'r
struggle. America having done that, there
were expressions of surprise and indignation,
of regret and horror, and the assertion
of a foreign conspiracy cry was
raised. Give us your money for our land
lords, to take away our emigrants of whom
we want to get rid, to bear the cost of
famine for winch we ought to provide, and
we will not complain but assist our fellow
subjects to fight the battle of liberty
in accordance with our laws and
the constitution and immediately
we indignantly expostulate and complain
to the world that yon are interfering with
Irish institutions. [Cheers], He continued
that tho whole civiliecsl world in its litera
ture favored the cause of Ireland.
He had challenged men who knew more
than himself to produce a single author of
repute who did not severely and umniti
gatally condemn England. The challenge
was unanswered. [Cheers.] Criticising the
coercion bill, Mr. Gladstone said it
was passed by men, a majority of whom
when elected opposed coercion and con
demned the permanent feature of the act
and the suppression of societies in Ireland.
Ho regretted that tho American depu
tation had come at a time of retro
gression. There wat£ one consolation. It
was impossiblo that love of liber
ty should recede from Jthe people.
He believed that the people, as represented
by the present Parliament, wore a deceived
and deluded people, hut the reeont elections
showed that they were awakening.
[Cheers.] The cause of litiorty would tri
umph eventually, when Americans, and
mankind generally, British mankind
especially, would rejoice.
French Editors Scent Danger in the
Paris. July 9. —The demonstration made
Inst evening on tbo occasion of the dopart
ure of Gen. Boulanger to bin new post at
Clermont Fernuid has made a sensation
here and is regarded us a forerunner of
further manifestation!! during tho coining
July national fete und review.
The government organs condemn Gen.
Boulanger for |ierniitting the demonstra
The monarchial newspapers warn the Re
publicans of France to Is-wore of such a
dictator am Gen. Boulanger would be.
LeDaix says; “(Such a manifestation of
popular regard had not Ijeen witnessed In
Paris for many years. The crowd which
surrounded tho ruiiwuy station whence don.
Boulanger dupurted, numbered not less than
When Gen. Boulanger reached Clermont
Ferrand he was welcomed at tho railway
station by hiuidi-eds of |*-ople with pro
longed shouts of “vivo Boulanger."
The Election In Paddington Not All
London, July 9.—The [tally Yews is jubi
lant over the result of the Paddington elec
tion. The Daily Teltgrajih say* the
Gladstonian gain was prntiably due to the
Cass affair, while the Morning that at
tributes it to the popularity of Mr. Kutledge,
the Gladstonian candidate.
The Timer admit-- that the result of the
election in North Paddington i* not alto
gether satisfactory to the Conservatives,
and say* it cannot he doubted that the con
test was influenced by the serious and an
noying blunder by Home Secretary Mat
thews In the Gass cose, of which the opposi
tion made, the Timer says, most unscrupu
REVOLUTION IN HAWAII.
THE KING AND HIS MINISTRY
FORCED TO ABDICATE.
Tho Populace Assumes Control—The
King Subsequently Allowed to Re
tain His Throne as an Empty Honor,
but Must Make Good the Money Re
ceived for Bribes.
San Francisco, July 0. —The steamship
Wariposa, which arrived from Australia
this morning, having touched at the Ha
waiian Islands, brings tho important infor
mation tiiat ttio expected revolution in the
Hawaiian kingdom has actually occurred.
Tho populace organized and demanded the
downfall of the Ministry nnd the abdication
of the King. The residents of Honolulu
and surrounding country assumed the
powers of government. The volunteer
military forces of the kingdom wero with
them. Asa result the Gibson Ministry has
fallen and a cabinet named by tho people,
headed by W T illiam M. Green, has been ap
STILL ON THE THRONE.
King Kalnkuuu is permitted to remain on
tho throne, although divested of all present
power, having acceded to the demand for a
new constitution and to abide by the will of
the people. The King was thoroughly
alarmed, and on July 1 called a meeting of
the American Minister, British Commis
sioner, French Commissioner, and Portu
gese Commissioner, to whom he offered
to transfer, pro tern., the powers
vested in him as King. These officials re
fused to accept the trust but advised the
King to lose no time in framing anew con
stitution. which advice he followed.
Walter W. Gibson, his son-in-law, and F.
H. Haypenden are under arrest, having
been seized by the civic troops when at
tempting to escape.
THE POPULACE ASSUMES CONTROL.
The populace assumed control of affairs
in the kingdom on June 25, and were joined
by the Honolulu Rifles and other hastily
organized military companies. Patrols
were established throughout tho city and
f wards placed over the military armory.
n the afternoon of June .’lO a meeting was
held in the armory of tho Honolulu Rifles,
tho meeting having been advertised
by posters in tho English, Hawaiian
and Portugese languages and long before
the hour of meeting the approaches to the
building were thronged with all classes of
people. All the stores and shops laid boon
closed. The approaches to the palace were
barricaded, but the Royal Troops made no
sign of meeting the volunteer troops outside
of the armory.
THE RIFLES UNDER ARMS.
The Honolulu Rifles were under arms. On
tho walls of the armory back of the plat
form were dlsplavnd tile Hawaiian, Ameri
can and English flags. The meeting was
addressed in the English and Hawaiian
languages and resolutions wero adopted de
claring us follows;
The administration of (lie Hawaiian gov
ernment has ceased through corruption und
iucompetewy adequately to perform its
functions anil afford protection to personal
and property rights, for which all govern
The meeting formulated the following de
mand on King Knlaknua:
First. Tiiat ho shall at once and uncon
ditionally dismiss his present cabinet from
office, and we ask that be shall call one of
these persons, namely, William L. Greene,
Henry Watterhouse, Godfrey Brown or
Mark P. Robinson to assist him in selecting
anew cabinet, which shall lie committed to
the policy of securing anew constitution:
that Walter M. Gil non shall be dismissed
from each and every office held by him
under the government.
The thin! and fourth demands were that
the King should make restitution for
§171.000 bribe money und dismiss J. Onius
Kaal, Rogistor of Conveyances, who was
implicated in the bribery.
The fifth demand reads ns follows: >
That we request, a specific pledge from
the King that lie will not in the future in
terfore, either directly or indirectly, with
the selection of representatives, and that he
will not interfere with or attempt to un
dtffy influence legislation or legislators.
These demands wore turned over to a
committee of thirteen, who made their way
to the palace and submitted them to the
King. The news had already reached tho
palace, and the Gibson Ministry at once
wrote out their resignations.
During the progress of the mass meeting
speeches were made by all the prominent
citizens, all of wiioin openly declared that
the King must abdicate at once and accede
to the popular demands before the meeting
Fallen Minister Gibson sent a request, for
a guard from the Honolulu Rifles to protect
him at his residence against a mob of native
On Friday, July 1, the steamship Mari
posa arrived from Australia, bringing 200
stand of arms, addreoendto Minister Gibson.
These were seized by the people and stored
in the armory of the Honolulu Rifles. Af
ter conferring with the representa
tives of the foreign govern
ments on July 1 King Kalakaua for
mally appointed William L. Greene
Prime Minister mid Minister of [Foreign
Affairs, who completed his cabinet as fol
L. A. Thurston, Minister of the Interior.
Godfrey Brown, Minister of Finance.
C. V. Ashford, Attorney General.
KINO KALAKAUA’H CARD.
The surrender of King Kalakaua to tho do
niAiid* of the |* (palace was as complete as
the ignominy endured by his late ministry.
In response to the demands mode upon him,
ho replied in detail. His card is as follows:
To the Honorable Gentlemen composing the
Committee of the Meeting of Subjects and
Urnti.kmien -In acknowledgb B the receipt of
the resolutions adopted at the mass meeting
held yesterday, and presented to us by you, we
are pleased to convey through you to our loyal
subjects, us well as to the citizens of Honolulu,
our expressions of good will und over gratifies
tion that our people huve Liken the usual con
htitiitlonsl step in presenting their
grievances. To the first proposition
contained in the resolution I Kissed by
the meeting whole- action you represent we re
ply that ii lias Immu Hiihstnniielly compiled w illi
liy the formal resignation of the ministry which
took place on June and was accepted on that
date, and that we had already requested the
Hon. W. L. t Ireeue to form u new cabinet on the
day succeeding the resignation of the Cabinet.
To the second proposition, we reply tiiat
Walter M. Gibson has severed all connection
with the Hawaiian government hv resignation.
To the third position we reply that we do not
admit the truth of the matter stated thereon,
hot will submit the whole subject to our new
Cabinet, and gladly act according to t heir ad
vice and will cause restitution to be mode by
parties found responsible.
To the fourth proposition we reply that at
our command Mr. J. Onius Kanl resigned his
office of Register of Conveyance* on June Z 8
and hta successor has lieen appointed.
To the fifth proposition we reply that the
specific pledged required of us are each several
ly acceded to. We are pleased to assure
our loyal subjects that wo are
and shall at all times be anxious and
ready to co-operate with our counselor* and ad
visors. as well as with our Intelligent and imtrl
otic etttzern. In all matters touching the honor
and prreisrity of our kingdom
Given at our palace the first day of July. A.
D , 1887. and fourteenth year of our reign.
IRELAND’S HARD FIGHT.
Eviction Stubbornly Resisted in
Instances in Wexford.
Dublin, July o.—Fattier Oualdi, who ac
companies Mgr. Persieo on the special
papal mission to Ireland, states that Mgr.
Persieo will first obtain all possible
information from the Catholic Bishops of
Ireland. He will then lie happy to
receive any information on the sub
ject of his inquiry, no matter
from what source it may lie offered and lis
ten to all persons desirous of expressing
their views on the question before the coun
try regariLing either education, land or poli
ties. Mgr. Persieo and Father Oualdi will
visit all the important cities of Ireland. It
is impossible to say ut present how long thoy
will remain in Ireland.
In the evictions at Coolgranery, county
Wexford, to-day, a man named Durey anil
his throe daughters mudu such a stubborn
defense of their house against the haliffs
who attempted to eject them that the ofli
cers in their anger attacked the girls and
badly injured one of them on the head.
Three of the bailiffs will bo arrested and
charged with assault for this. In the next
house the tenant and his wife made consid
erable resistance, hut they were put out
ami then arrested for scalding the police
with hot water.
“PARNELLISM AND CRIME."
London, July D. —An anonymous letter
published in to-day’s Times rails the atten
tion of that paper to what the writer de
clares to lie a fact, that its articles on “Par
nollism and Crime’’ linvo seriously perturbed
the Parnellitos and their uliies in America,
particularly the Irish World. The writer
says the issue of the Irish World of June 18
shows that. Patrick Ford’s Ixmdoii corre
spondent “Transatlantic," has slunk away,
owing to the imminence of coercion.
AN ANTI-EVICTION CONVENTION.
Cork, July 9. —Members of Parliament
from the city and county of Cork, all of
whom are Home Rulers, have joined in a
summons calling a of the Irish
National Longue, to meet in the city of
Cork July 17, to devise means to enablo the
tenants of Ireland to resist eviction.
$30,000 FOR PARNELL.
Lincoln, Neb., July 9.—Dr. O’Reilly,
treasurer of the Irish National League, to
day sent Mr. Parnell $30,000 to help evicted
RUSSIA IN A RAGE.
Declarations That Ferdinand Will not
be Allowed to Rule Bulgaria.
St. Pbtkrnbtrg, July 9.—Russian news
papers unanimously disapprove of the elec
tion of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Ooburg-
Gotba, to the Bulgarian throne. They all
pronounce his choice by the Solirnnjo tho
result of mi Austro-German intrigue and
urge the Porto to intervene and tho powers
to withdraw their representatives from
The Noroe Vremia says t hat Russia in no
case will allow Prince Ferdinand to go to
Sofia and adds that if Ire arrives thorn with
Austrian escort Russia will tell Austria to
keep her hands off.
nULOABIA'S GOVERNMENTAL CRISIS.
Tiunova, July 9.—The Uulgarian govern
ment crisis continues. M. Stum bub iff,
President of the Regency maintains thatiiis
party has u majority in the country, and Ire
insists that M. Nikolaiof, Minister of War,
The Sobranjo has adjourned.
A REVIEW AT ALDERSHOT.
Sixty Thousand Soldiers Pass Before
London, July 9.—The Queen to-day re
viewed (jO,(XJO soldiers at Aldershot. Her
majesty was received with great enthu
siasm. A largo numticr of stands had been
erected at the ixiint of review and wore all
[lacked with fashionable and aristocratic
people. Many volunteers who took part in
the review came from long distances
and traveled all night in order
to be present. The whole spectacle
was very imposing, arid the review was a
f;reat success. The Dnke of Cambridge, on
Hihalf of the troops, presented her majesty
with a jubilee address, the men cheering
heartily during the presentation. The
marching of the men was splendid, and the
Guards, murine* and volunteers were loudly
cheered by the spectators.
Virginia’s English Bondholders.
liONnoN, July 9. —Tlio report of Hir Ed
ward Thornton and Mr. Braithwaite re
specting tlvir efforts to obtain some adjust
ment of the Virginia debt satisfactory to
the English bondholders, state that there
was no sincere desire on the part of the Vir
giida Representatives to nrnvo at any set
tlement with the loudbolder* on terms
other than such as the (State may dictate.
Carnegie Lays a Corner-Stone.
Edinburgh, July 9.—Andrew Carnegie
to-day laid the foundation of the new free
library building, for the endowment of
which he donated $250,000. Mr. Blaine was
present and made an address.
Elected by Sixteen Majority.
London, July 9. —In tbe Parliamentary
election at Coventry to-day Mr. ballantine
(Gladstoniau) was elected by a majority of
Russian Securities Declining.
Berlin, July 9. —Russian securities are
declining on tile Bourse here.
Text of the Formal Announcement
Printed in the Catholic News.
New York, July 9.—The Catholio News
to-morrow will have the following:
To lhVery Rrwrerul Clergy and Faithful
Ijoily of the A rrl.ili iretr of New York:
Be it known that on May 4, IHW, the sacred
congregation of the Propaganda admonished
Kev Ur. Edward Mctllynn, late rector of Ht.
Stepiieus’ church, in this city, that lie had al
ready nndete ! himself liable to ecdesiiu<tlcal
censure iiy disobeying the positive command of
the sovereign pontiff, given ,/ati 1. Wishing,
however, to deal leniently with him, the sacred
congregation refrain from inflicting censure
and offering him fort,tier opportunity to lie
heard in tils own Is'half. gave him a final and
peremptory order to present himself in Koine
within forty days from the receipt of the letter
containing stieb order, under pain of ex
communication to he Incurred, Ipso faefo
et ttominaium. This letter wus
duly delivered to Rev. Dr. Mcftlynn. and as he
allowed the days of grace to puss unheeded It
liecsme our sad duty to notify him that he hud
incurred hy his own act this jwnulty of ex
communication by name, whereby lie is cut off
from the conimimion of the church, from
its sacraments and |iarticlpation In its prayers
and should he persevere in his contumacy, de
prived of tie right after death Of a Christian
burial It has IsTotne also our duty to declare
to the clergy and laity of our charge, which we
do hy those letters, that Kev. Dr. Edward Me
f Uynn is excouinmoJcated nominalum with nil
tbe penalties attached to this censure by the
canons of the church.
Arch Bishop of New York.
O. E. McDonnell, Hrcretary.
New York, July 8, 1887. 9
Lauder Post’s Return.
Lynn, Mass., July 9. — (fen. Lauder Post
of the (f. A. R., which has made a nine days
trip to Richmond, Va. and other poults
Eolith, returned here to-day.
I PRICE ttfO A YE \R. I
5 CENTS A COPY.f
CROPS ON A BIG BOOM.
FACTS WHICH SHOULD MAKE THE
An Addition of 1.600,000 Acres to tho
Corn Area Reported by the National
Agricultural Department Cotton’s
Condition Higher than the July
Average for Ten Years Past.
Washington, July 9.—The statistician of
the Department of Agriculture reports a
further extension of tho corn area of about
1,500,900 acres, an increase of 3 per cent,
over tlie acreage of 1880. In the States of
declining wheat culture maize lias advanced
its area largely, notably in Kansas. A
marked advance is noted in the district lie
tween the Mississippi and tho Rocky Moun
tains, and u considerable increase is reported
in tho cotton States. The season has been
fairly favorable, both for planting and
growth, and the condition is nigh, averag
ing 97, which differs little from the July
condition of the past three years, and is
materially higher than for the three years
THE SURPLUS STATES.
The great corn-growing states which
furnish the surplus average nearly 99
in condition. The condition of winter wh£at
on July 1, or at the time of harvest in the
more Southern States is 83.5, a reduction
since the June rejiortof fourteen. There
has been a heavy decline in Kansas, a mate
rial deduction in California with some loss
in several Southern State's. Some of the
remainder have gained a point or two and
others have lost. The chinch bug has
wrought some damage in most of the Wes
tern States and in Maryland nnd Virginia
where harvested grain has been threshed
the results are variable, with plump sound
groin in some localities and a shrunken
berry indicated in other*!
There is reported a somewhat serious di*
dine in the condition of spring wheat,
largely from the prevalence of chinch bugs.
The general average is 79.3 while last
month it was 87.3, a decline of 8 points.
The condition in July, 1886, was 83.3, 4
points higher than tho present average.
The average for Wisconsin is 77, Minne
sota 76, lowa 73, Nebraska 75, Dakota 77.
The chinch bug, Hessian fly and grasshop
per in the Northwest, and the kainit worm
in West Virginia, have aided in tho rodiio
tiou of tile yield of wheat.
The average condition of winter rye is 88,
anil that of spring rye 84.3. showing a de
cline in condition since the last report.
The uverago for liarley is likewise re
duced. It is 83.8 instead of 88.9 last month.
The decline is mainly in the West.
OATS FALL OFF.
A reduction appours in oats from 91 in
June to 85.9, due to drought and insect
ravages. It is heaviest in Kentucky, Illi
nois, Wisconsin and States west of the Mis
There has been an increase of 2.7 per
cent, in the acreage of potatoes, the largest
rat of advance lieing in Dakota, Kansas
and Nebraska. The condition average is
98, which is a little below the July averages
of the previous three years.
There is apparently a decline of aliout
one-sixth in the tobacco area, in which
nearly all of the tobacco growing States
participate. The average of condition is
84, a lower July figure than for several
the cotton crop.
The status of the cotton crop has not de
clined since the last report, in the South
east there is a slight reduction, conqiensatod
bv a small advance m States west of the
Mississippi. The average is 97, which is
four pants higher than the average for July
in the previous ton years. It wus exceeded
in 1878 and 1880'' and nearly equaled
in July of 1881 and 1884, which
were years of small production.
There have been but two July records below
90 since 1873. The State averages are: Vir
ginia 98. North Carolina 99, South Carolina
97, Georgia 96, Florida 98, Alabama 98,
Mississippi 00, liouisinua 99, Texas 93, Ar
kunsos 99 anil Tennessee 98. The crop ia
under unusually clean cultivation. Thera
are a few rojmrts of injury from excessive
moisture, and a few of drought. Cotton
worms are indicated in very few localities.
The Present Condition of the Crop
New Orleans, July 9. —The monthly re
port of the New Orleans Cotton World,
which has now ussutnod the carrying on of
the statistical system of the National Cotton
Exchange, says of the cotton crop: “The
weather conditions during the month of June
have been strikingly Rimilar over the entire
cotton belt. This is not usual and has not
at all events occurred during the last three
years. The temperature has been favorable
to the growth of the plant and the rainfall
just about sufficient to stimulate healthy
growth and permit of thorough cultivation.
Huch favorable conditions have, of course,
overcome most of the backwardness of the
plants where such was the case owing to the
retarding causes in the spring and at the
close of tho month the growth of the weed
was up to tht- average, with an excellent
start for fri '*'ige. Forming and blongo
ing are r ported as progressing
unusually wt.., there 1 icing no complaint on
this score from any iwrtion of the belt. The
field work done in this crop has lieen excep
tional, the weather siiffickjntly dry and
affording amide opportunity, and the few
sections reporting grass at the close of May
have been pretty well cleaned.
an auspicious outlook.
The month of June, therefore, cl- >sed upon
clear fields, a very good stand, a healthy, and
we might say vigorous, plant that has begun
the process of fruiting in a most satisfactory
manner. Nowhere could the situation lie
culled critical, though apprehensions wore
expressed of the effects of tile abnormal
rainfall in July upon the fruit. insect
ravages have In-on Jilt to some extent ca.-t.
of the Missis: ippi river, v here the cool
night* for a time fostered lice, but their
stay win. not protracted, and the damage
inflicted has not lieen very serious.
NO LOWS TO KPKAK OE.
There has been no loss to speak of from
this cause west of the Mississippi. Worms
have appeared in a few places but have
amounted to nothing thus far.
Humming up the situation it may he said
that tbe conditions of Juno have been even
superior to those of May, and tho general
average for the belt has iieen advanced
four points, bringing it up to tho highest
June figure* since our system was estab
lished. Following will be found tho con
ditions hy Htate* to July 1, 1887:
Virginia IK), North Carolina 98, Mouth Caro
lina 93, Georgia 93, Florida 92, Alabama 90,
Tennessee 95, Arkansas 91, Mississippi 96,
ILouisiana 98, Texas 95. The general aver
age for the lielt is 94, against 83'., last year,
9t( the year before aud 85 in 188-1.
Egypt’s Cotton Crop.
Alexandria, July 9.—-Tlie Egyptian cot
ton reports shows that the plant is generally
strong and in good condition. Water has
Iron abundant, except in Heliero. in lower
Egypt worms infest tbe plant. ,