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Thrilling Description of a Prison in
Eelgiuin Which is Only a Living
From the Missouri Republican.
In the whole of Europe there is but one
prison in which the systeme cellulaire or
absokite isolation by day and by night is
still enforced, and it has on that ground a
strange and sad celebrity. That one prison
is the Maison Centrale of Louvain.
In England and in France prisoners are
subjected to less severe penalties, for al
though they arc condemned in silence, they
at least work in common, walk m common,
pray in common, and confinement in their
cells is only a tempo- ary measure recurred
to in case of insubordination or misbe
havior. The question now pendant in
France of replacing the actual penitentiary
system by the solitary system adopted in
Belgium, gives interest to the details of a
visit paid to the prison of Louvain.
The buildings are situated on the anterior
boulevards, nearly outside the town. They
all converge to a central apsis, whence a
warder can easily survey the six immense
avenues or wings, consisting of two stories
of cells. While some slight repairs were be
ing done to one of these cells, a figure sud
denly appeared standing motionless at the
door —a mysterious and ghastly apparition,
clad entirely iu white linen, head and face
closely masked by a hood of the same ma
terial. Air wars admitted to eyes, nose, and
mouth by four holes. Obeying a
rapid sign from the warder, the figure turn
ed to the wall and crossed its hand behind
its back. It was a convict Even through
the apertures of his concealing headgear the
prisoner of Louvain must never catch a
passing glimpse of auy human face beyond
his keepers, and no breath of the outer
world must pass upon his shrouded cheek.
He wears his linen hood summer and winter,
but during the cold ho is provided with
warm brown woollen clothes. Labor is
compulsory in the prison, and the days are
spent in one unvarying monotonous round
of self-same duties.
At 6 o’clock the peals of an organ wake
the convicts. They come from the chapel,
all the doors of which are thrown open, and
the prisoner who can play the organ strikes
the first chords. This is the signal for ail
the others to rise, dress and make up their
beds and bedding. The music lasts for
fifteen minutes, and may, at the will of the
player, consist of religious anthems,
operatic airs, waltzes, or polkas—notes that
must strike with dreary significance on the
cars of some of the wretched beings clois
tered there. They do not belong to the
dregs of society.
At the last sound of the organ the warders
must find each man at his work. Breakfast
consists of half a pint of coffee and bread,
and the two other meals of the day of soup
and vegetables. Three times a week the
convicts have fresh meat, but never wine.
The convict who has earned a certificate of
good conduct, however, can procure some at
the prison canteen, as well as beer and to
bacco in stated quantities.
Each day the prisoners are taken out of
their cells in rotation for solitary exercise
in separate yards. The rest of the time is
entirely given up to the accomplishment of
their allotted portion of work, except on
Sunday, which is a day of absolute rest.
Between the religious services the convicts
are at liberty to employ then- leisure iu
their cells as they think proper. The prison
library contains a considerable collection of
books of travel, from which each man can
make, a selection. Only those who can
neither read nor write are compelled to at
tend school for instruction between mass
and vespers. This takes place in the chapel
Nothing can be more striking than the
construction and internal arrangement of
this chapel. It is a large, cycle or wheel, con
sisting entirely of superficial flights of steps,
like a circular and reversed amphitheatre,
the centre of which forms a raised stage, on
which stands the altar, towering far above
the heads of the phantom-like congregation.
Each row of stop;- is divided into compart
ments or pigeon holes just large enough for
a man to sit and kneel. When the hour for
divine services lias come the first cell
is opened by a warder, and convict
No. lis led out, conducted to the chapel,
and, entering the row to which he belongs,
walks to the farthest compartment, which
at once closes upon him. Then only No. 2
leaves his cell and goes through the same
performance; and so on till all are settled,
no man being permitted to move till the
one immediately preceding him has entered
his alloted pen. After mass they are all
taken back into their cells in the same or
der and with the same precautions.
There are about twelve flights of steps,
containing sixty scats each, but as the cir
cle of the chapel is divided by five or six
immense partitions, into each of which the
prisoners are carried simultaneously, the
operation takes comparatively only a short
time. From his stall each convict is able to
see and follow every movement of the priest
who officiates at the altar on the central
platform, while he cannot catch even a
glimpse of his right and left hand neighbors,
owing to the height of the dividing doors,
nor eon he look over at the opposite row,
which is hidden by a boarding higher than
himself, and which as effectually shuts out
from his yiew those above or below, before
and behind him.
The cells are clean and well arranged.
Daylight is admitted by a small window be
yond the prisoner’s reach, The ventilation
is perfect. In winter the mouth of a hot
air pipe gives sufficient heat, and in the
evening the necessary light is procured by a
gas jet to which there is no access from the
interior of the cell. The furniture consists
of a washstand, a commode on the best sani
tary principle, a shelf supporting some pew
ter utensils und an iron bed. The bedding
is a foundation of sacking, a mattress, two
sheets, one blanket in summer and two in
winter, and a bolster. The convict has to
fold and put these things away. The bed
itself Is taken to pieces and placed against
the wall, forming a table, in front of which
is a stool. The remainder of the space is
taken up by the implements necessary to
the convict’s obligatory daily work.
of the convicts are shoemakers, oth
ers bookbinders, tailors, carpenters, even
sniit hs. The new-comer who knows no trade
is taught one. Those who have had a supe
rior education arc employed in copying
students’ essays. The product of each man's
labor is divided equally between the State
an 'l himself. This latter portion is again
sub-divided, one-half being put usidefor the
day of his liberation, if not incarcerated for
•he, and tlie other deposited at the canteen
for his private use. His earnings never ex
ceed 2c. or 3c. a day. In the evening, labor
ended, ho dines and goes to bed. To the
dreary silence of the day succeeds tho dreary
silence of durkness.
Ihe rules of tho prison are such that tho
convicts must replace their hooded masks
K so,)| > as the doors of their cells open.
They cannot expose their faces oven to their
warders. If perchance a face is seen by a
doctor, it is puled by the long sunless
shadow in which it lives and tho want of
bracing, blowing air, for even the daily
walk of an hour in the prison yards is at
Ix-st only exercise in cramped passages be
tween two high walls, partly roofed, shut
in by iron gates, stretching out like tho
sticks of a gigantic fan, and where u few
stunted plants soon whither and die. The
prisoners hove that flaccid fleshiness which
comes from absence of movement
uad stimulating activity; yot, in contradio
t'ou to tho opinion prevailing in France
that no man could stand solitary confine
ment for ten years without succumbing or
Rotting insane, it has been found not to bo
too case at. Louvain, Two of tho inmates
J lll ve dwelt there since 1804, tho date of its
["'nidation, I wing transferred to the central
noiise after a ten vaarf’ unprisonment at
•heat. They hod been condemned to death, ,
out owing to tho virtual abolition of tho
iwnalty of death in Belgium tho king hud
commuted their sentence to tho perpetual
entombment of their present abode. When
prisoners have deserved an alleviation of
their penalty by ten years of uninterrupted
t'>od conduct, tnoy are sent to Ghent, where
•he mli* of the prison allow of their work
*k) wuonuarjr buildihi* contain the in- J
firmary, laundry, linen-rooms, bath-rooms,
bakeries and kitchens, all kept with a scru
pulous cleanliness, remarkable even in that
kind of unrivaled cleanliness. Huge iron
pots contained an abundance of excellent
potatoes boiling for the evening meal, and
the bread, although brown, was sweet,
crisp and of bettor quality than that ra
tioned out to the army.
None but isolated cases of revolt have
ever taken place at Louvain. These are
punishable l>v incarceration in a subter
ranean dungeon containing nothing but a
single wooden bench, where nearly total
darkness prevails. The time of retention
within its walls cannot exceed eight days,
during which the prisoner is kept on bread
and water. This mode of puuishment is
rarely resorted to, as there is another which
is viewed with far greater dread—the pri
vation of work! For those silent recluses
this labor is the only link wnieh connects
them ever so remotely with the living
world. It is more than an occupation —it is
a favor, a recreation, almost a pleasure—
and the threat of taking his tools from him
rarely fails to insure the submission of tho
It is impossible to leave the Maison Cen
trale of Louvain, admirable as its adminis
tration is in the minutest details, without a
feeling of almost superstitious horror at the
vision of those miserable beings cloistered
in eternal isolation, doomed to unbroken
silence, buried in their livery of infamy as
in a shroud, the face of each remaining as
sealed to his 600 companions of crime and
shame, dropped into the same tomb with
himself, as if the lid of a coffin had closed
upon it and the hand of death forever
obliterated its features.
A PRUSSIAN LIEUTENANT.
A Typical Man of His Class-The Pride
of the Berliners.
What would Berlin be without the Prus
sian Lieutenant? asks Bliss Perry in a letter
to the Springfield Republican. It is hard
to imagine, so thoroughly incorporated does
he seem with the whole social structure
around him. He and men like him .have
made the city what it is, and Berlin is
prompt to recognize its political maker,
though not otherwise over-religious. This
homage is received by our lieutentant with
self-consciousness,or he would not lx-German,
and with an additional stiffness which
comes of being Prussian. It is a fine sight
to see him on Unter den Linden, as he saun
ters majestically through the crowd, with
immovable face like Von Moltke, with
vacant eyes that nevertheless always notice
the hurried sulutes of the privates passing,
and with a self-certainty that is out of
place in this world of confused men and
women. The Berliners make way for him
with tenderness, for they pay his bills, and
often with a smile, too, at his harmless
Such a one came down Unter den Linden
yesterday afternoon, a typical man of his
class, for here was the erect, even gait, the
inexpressive blue eyes, the rosy cheeks,
waxed moustache and shoulders broad
enough not to have needed the padding un
der the smooth-fitting coat; here was the
half-seen cavalry sabre, the tight trousers,
exquisite boots with tiny spurs—in a word,
here was a bit of that perfect machine
which Von Moltke declares to be the foun
dation of German culture. A part of a
machine. It is curious to think that this is
the best use to be made of a thinking man
in the heart of Europe to-day, but “Von
Moltke knows” and we must believe him,
and here was a specimen of the machinery,
which would have moved to its death just
as it moved through the light rain that was
falling—with trained indifference.
A minute before he reached the Wilhelm
strasse, a droschky rounded the corner and
the horse slid and fell upon the treacherous
asphalt. The driver cursed and pulled at
the reins and the horse straggled powerful
ly to l'ise. but slipped with every effort.
The driver, stupidly drank, clambered
down and took his whip. All this happens
every rainy day on the Berlin streets, and
there is nothing in it to detain for a moment
the most careless lounger, to say nothing of
an officer whose dinner is waiting.
Crack! cut the whip on the horse’s head,
once, twice—“ Stop, you cursed hound!” and
his whip was snatched by a white-gloved
hand and tossed into the middle of the
street. '‘Stand back!" And the Lieutenant,
his blue eyes all ablaze, seized the blanket
from the box, spread it earefullv under the
horse’s fore feet to give him a better foot
hold, took him by the bit and spoke in East
Prussian dialect something that the horse,
though a born Berliner, understood, for he
stretched out his hoofs,-felt the blanket un
der them, struggled to his feet, and stood
panting. “Driver,” said the honest young
voice, “do you understand me, No. 3,217?”
No. 3,217, scared into a sobriety beyond that
of any of his 5,000 brethren, saluted, but
dared not speak, and the wrathful cavalry
man strode on again.
Has a Prussian lieutenant a heart ? This
is the question that runs through the acts
of anew play at the Deutches Theatre, and
both actors and audience seem as doubtful
about the proper answer at the end as they
are when the curtain rises. If you wore
to ask No. 3,217 he would not understand
you. His horse knows, but, like a cunning
beast, says nothing, and Berlin is none the
THE REAR GUARD OF LEE’S ARMY.
Company G., Orr’s Rifles, at Falling
Waters—The Second Thermopylae.
From the Abbeville IS. C) Medium, July 14.
People who have never done any soldier
ing may not know that a heavy raiu falls
immediately after a battle in the country
near the scene of conflict. It is a fact, how
ever. It was the case after Gettysburg.
Our army left the field in a drenching rain,
the night being as dark as pitch. The rains
continued until we left Hagerstown on the
night of July 18, 18(18, on our
march to the Potomac. The whole
country was a vast sea of mud, in places
knee deep. Through the dismal night we
marched steadily forward, and arrived at
Falling Waters about noon of the 14th.
Wo fell ill exhaustion upon tho soggy
ground, and went to sleep in the rain. We
were aroused by a body of Yankee cavalry
charging through our lines with pistols anil
drawn sabres. A momentary confusion en
sued, Gen. Pettigrew was killed, but the
cavalry was decimated.
The cavalry was followed closely by
Yankee infantry and artillery. Company
G. Orr’s Rifles was thrown out ns a skirmish
line, and then ensued one of the most gal
lant fights ever made by the company. They
held back tho advancing hosts of twenty
times their number until two divisions hail
crossed the Potomac into Virginia. Then,
surrounded on all sides, in front and rear,
tin- company surrendered nineteen men. In
the conflict they had killed two officers and
twenty-eight men and wounded, perhaps,
five times that number. The pontoon
bridge was out louse and the company sac
rificed to save the rear divisions of tho
To-ilay is the twenty-fourth anniversary
of that engagement. How many of the
gallant hand survive?
They Never Fail.
No. 3 Fulton Market, )
New York City, Jan. 20, 1884. f
I have been using Bkandreth’k Pills
for the last ten years. They are a wonder
ful medicine. There is nothing equal to
them as Blood Purifiers anil Liver Regu
lators. But I wish to state how remarkably
they cure rheumatism anji how easily. I
was affected by rheumatism of the legs. My
business (wholesale fish dealer; naturally
leads me to damp places. I was so Ivel I
could not walk, and at night I suffered fear
fully; I tried Balsams, Sarsaparilla* and all
kinds of tinctures, hut they did mo no good
and I was afraid of being o cripple. I
finally commenced using Braiwreth’s
Pills. I took two every night for tan
nights, then 1 began to improve. I contin
ui taking them for forty days and I got
entirely well. Now, whenever sick, I take
Brandrkth's Pills. They never fail.
w J. N. ll arms.
THE MORNING NEWS: TUESDAY, JULY 2(1, 1887.
A YEAR OP PROHIBITION.
The Experiences of Atlanta as a Dry
Atlanta(Gci.)Correspandent Xews and Courier.
The Georgia local option law whereunder
Fulton county (which includes Atlanta,)
held the election which resulted in prohibi
tion, provides that after prohibition has
been carried in any county no after election
on the subject shall be held within two
years. A year - and a half has now passed
since the election was held here, and in six
months, of course, another election may be
held. Moreover, the law has now been in
operation a year, one-half the necessary
period. A sort of mile-post in the prohibi
tion experiment has. therefore, now just
been reached, and the subject, which has
for two or three years at all
times been prominent, is for this
reason now a little more prominent
than usual. Both sides are reviewing the
year under prohibition. There is tho greater
significance to this because the success or
the failure of the experiment in Atlanta
will very largely determine the success or
the failure of tho whole State experiment,
so far as it has gone. There is the same
conflicting testimony here as to the value of
the law that there is in every other city
that has tried prohibition; but there is not
tho least doubt but the prohibition side has
gained popular strength, and gained greatly
since it won the day by a narrow margin a
year and a half ago. One reason that it has
gained strength is because to a certain
degree the Prohibitionists are so strong and
they hold in their hands cards so well
politically packed, that the politicians are
afraid to oppose the cause openly. The
work has been carried beyond that point
which the Prohibitionists in most places
have reached and stopped—the point where
membership in the party was m the more
worldly circles of society evidence of former
inebriety, of quackery or of crankism.
Prohibition here is respectable. The solid
business men of this city—many of whom,
by the way, take their grog —are generally
strongly in favor of the continuance of the
law for a variety of reasons. Some main
tain that the business of the city has been
made better. This, of course, is vigorously
denied by others. Some who say that while
men will and ought to drink liquor, any who
are not at bottom in favor of a cast-iron pro
hibitory law for the whole country have be
come convinced that the closing of the low
groggeries is so excellent a thing that they
are willing to sacrifice what they once re
garde'! as their objection to “sumptuary
legislation” for the practical good. There
is a very great probability that an election,
tike the forthcoming Texas election, or on a
law like the Maine law, would be very vig
orously opposed in Atlanta. The local
option method of trying prohibition by
counties, and for a limited period of time,
has won as its friends men whom a sweep
ing and perpetual law could never win.
For this reason the “Georgia plan” is unique.
For instance, a National Prohibition ticket
in 1688 will not got anything like as many
votes in Georgia as the local option cause
has got here. The State will still he Demo
cratic. It is not that kind of prohibition,
br the purpose of speculation that now en
gages attention is as to the future of local
prohibition in this county and in Georgia.
Unless all signs fail, the chances are decid
edly in favor of the continuance of the law,
at least for some time to come, over a great
part of the State. It has boen accurately
described as a rich man’s law directed
against the poor man. At least this is true
from one noint of view. A “rich” man in
a prohibition countv can get grog
In some he can Buy it by the
quart without any trouble, but the poor
man who can afford to buy it only by the
drink is the man who is generally “left;.”
The effort has been made to arouse sympa
thy for the poor grog drinker, but it has
not been as successful as it was expected
to be. There are coining county battles to
t>e fought, but the chances in most of them
are decidedly in favor of the Prohibitionists.
The Constitution, which has been, if not
hostile, certainly not friendly in a partisan
way to prohibition, has caused something
of a sensation throughout the State by a
long review of the year under the law,
which concludes with the confession that
“our experience has demonstrated to us
bevond a doubt that a city of 60,000
inhabitants cap get along and advance
at a solid and constant rate without the
liquor traffic.” The status of prohibition
now is as follows: 115 out of 137 counties
are under prohibition. Among those that
are not is Chatham county, in w hich Savan
nah is situated. There are eighteen coun
ties, mostly in the southeast portion of the
State, where prohibition is secured by the
local authorities placing the license fee so
high that no one can afford to pay it. For
instance, Tatnall county charges $2,500,
Berrien $3,000, Charlton $53X10, Putnam
$5,000 and Ware SIO,OOO. This is high
license carried to a prohibitory point, and is
not, properly speaking, the “Georgia plan.”
The secret of the Prohibitionists’ success in
the other counties has been the chance the
plan gives at every stop for the people who
are immediately concerned to do as they
wish. It is the principle of home rule and
local government applied to the liquor
traffic. It wifi require eight or ten years
to prove conclusively the permanence
of the success of the plan, or its
failure. In that time there will lie fluctua
tions in counties. Some “dry” ones will
become “wot” again, and vice versa, anil
within that time it can lie seen how much of
the present, success is due to mere fitful agi
tation. As the matter stands to-day, the
“Georgia plan” comes nearer to success in
prohibiting the liquor traffic than any shape
that prohibition has taken. Such, at least,
is the judgment of the mass of the men
here who voted against the law as well as of
those who voted lor it.
A FIGHT TO THE DEATH.
Fierce and Fatal Battle Between Two
From the Philadelphia Record.
A fierce and bloody fight lietwoen alliga
tors was the rare sport witnessed at Coatos
ville, a few days ago, by one of the attend
ants in Dr. Huston’s garden, in that bor
ough. Each of the combatants inoasureil
over five feet in length, and had been living
for eight years peaceably together in a great
tank which Dr. Huston had constructed for
them near his house. They were natives of
Florida, and were brought from that coun
try when small tiy Dr. Huston, For some
weeks, however, tno two great reptiles hail
been showing signs of discontent with each
other, but no one anticipated the terrible
and fatal termination of this curious quar
()ne day the uttention of tho gardener, who
was at work near the tank, was attracted
by a commotion in the water, and looking
up he saw that tho two alligators wore en
gaged in a desperate struggle. The man
rushed to the spot, but was jmwerloss to
stop the fight, which was raging so fiercely
that the water was lashed into foam and
the green-house was splashed in every
direction. The largest of tho combat
ants was seeking to got tho body of the
smaller alligator in his wide open jaws,
but the latter was always too quick
to lie caught, and moved round and round,
striking the big reptile with his tail and
sometimes getting his enemy's logs in his
jaws and biting them. Tho tank was soon
reddened with blood which flowed from tho
wounds inflicted iu this curious contest.
Tho gardener attempted to sojiarata tho
maddened contestants by boating them
with a long pole, but they paid no attention
to this attempt, at diversion and went on
with their fight only more desperately.
They rolled over each other, some
times in tbe water and at times on
the liank in the mud, bnt always lashing
with their tails. The smaller and more
agile of tho two continued to bite the legs
and body of the big alllgutor, and the latter
moved about slowly, seeking to make a suc
cessful grub at his opponent's body. Their
sleepy eyes had become bright anil snappy,
and n was evident that the fight, was to tie
to the death. At last:, in an effort to snap
at the swinging tail of the larger, the small
alligutor fell over on his side and before ho I
could get out of the way the big jaws of his
enemy was closet! upon hint with tt snap.
Then occurred the most, curious part of
the battle. Raising himself slightly upon
his forefeet the big alligator lifted the
smaller one from the surface of the water
and shook him ms a dog would shake a rat
shook him until it seemed that his tail
would be hurled off, and until, in fact, his
back was broken and he lay dead and limp
in those great jaws. Then' the big animal
dropped the body and moved off to sun him
ABE LINCOLN’S FIRST FIGHT.
How His Originality Enabled Him to
Overcome a Sangamon Bully.
from the Fmxytto, f 1t7.0 Censor.
There does not live in the United States
to-day one wno was so actively associated
with Lincoln as John White, who lives
down the Bishop Branch, town of Viroqun.
While in the office Friday, Mr. White re-,
luted many amusing incidents of his boy
hood days in Illinois, when he and Lincoln
were fast friends, split rails, did surveying
and went to husking bees together. Lin
coln was his Senior by a number of years,
and for that reason every act of the lament
ed President remains fresh in the memory
of Mr. Vhite.
:‘I remember well,” said he, “when the
bully of Sangamon county, induced by some
good natured wag, came to the spot, where
wo were chopping rails and challenged Abe
to a prize fignt. The great brawny, awk
ward boy laughed and drawled out: 'I
reokon stranger, you’re nrter the wrong
man. I never lit in my whole life.’ But the
bully made for Abe, and in the first fall
Lincoln oame down on top of the heap. The
champion was bruising and causing blood to
flow down Lincoln’s face when a happy
mode of warfare entered his original
brain. He quickly thrust his hands
into a convenient bunch of smartweod
and rubbed the same in the eyes
of his opponent, who almost instantly
beggod for mercy. He was released, but
his sight, for the time be'ng, was extinct.
No member of the trio possessed a pocket
handkerchief, so Lincoln, with usual
originality, tore from his own shirt front
the surplus cloth, washed and bandaged the
fellow’s optics and sent him home.
“I was also present at the first lawsuit he
ever conducted in a justice’s court. Here
served hint well the inexhaustible supply of
original ideas and ways which characterized
his past, and future life. In boyhood days
he was as true to his friends as his great,
career proved him to be true to his coun
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and Oxen Made out of pure
grain. Guaranteed Sweet and
A. M. & C. W. WEST’S.
PRINTER AND BOOKBINDER.
RULING, PRINTING, BINDING,
OR BLANK BOOKS.
Will always have careful attention.
GEO. N. NICHOLH,
PRINTER AND BINDER,
£T~ ar McCarthy,
Successor to Chas. E. Wakefield,
PLUMBER, GAS and STEAM FITTER,
48 Barnard street, SAVANNAH, OA.
TWechcue 671 I
' A ''a A
'■i-’ -^y- Y^t - ‘Ai^.-' l v.-% > .-iY■'#. v'y - >&* 2£v;v>:,,*■ -v.> Y**r\ i
It is duo yon to jay that I think T am entirely troll of eczemn after narmg
taken Swift's Specific. I nave been troubled with it very little in my face since last spring.
At the beeinoin;! of cold weather laat fall it made a slight appearance, hut went awav and
liar never returned, s. S. is. tin douitt broke it up; at least it put my system in good condition
and I got well. It also benefited my wife greatly in case of sick headache, and made a perfect
cure of a breaking out on my little three year old daughter last summer.
Watktnsville. tin,, Peh. l'\ ISS6. rfv Rjsy. JAMIiS V. M. MOKRIS.
Treatise ou Jjiuou and Skin Disease* mailed free.
Tuk Swura Sricirio Cos., Drawer 3, Atlanta, tta.
i>j:w MLLI A
Mammoth Millinery House.
We arc now offering immense lines of New Straw Hats,
Ribbons, Feathers, etc., which are now being shipped daily
by our New York buyer, and our Mr. KrouskoiF, who is now
North to assist in the selection of the Choicest Novelties in
the Millinery Line. It is astonishing but a fact, that we sell
line Millinery cheaper than any retail store in New York. How
can we do it? Cannot tell. This is our secret and our suc
cess. Perhaps on account of large clearing out purchases or
perhaps from direct, shipments from London or Paris—but no
matter so long as the ladies have all the advantages in stock
We are now ready for business, and our previous large
stock will be increased, and we are now offering full lfnes of
fine Milans in White and Colors, for Ladies, Misses and
Children in an endless variety of shapes
RIBBONS, RIBBONS, new novelties added and our regu
lar full line entirely filled out.
We knock bottom out in the price of Straw Goods.
We continue the sale of our Ribbons at same prices as
heretofore, although the prices have much advanced.
We also continue to retail on our first floor at wholesale
s. i\ Konmcc >kig
KEHOE’S IRON WORKS,
Broughton Street, from Reynolds to Randolph Streets,
- - Georgia.
CASTING OF ALL KINDS AT LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES.
THE RAPIDLY INCREASING DEMAND FOR OUR
SUGAR MILLS AND PANS
1 W I FAS induced us to manufacture them on a more extonHivo scale than
1 I ever. To that, end no |niuß orexixmse has been spared to maintain
their HIGH HTANARI) OF KXGKLLKNCE.
Thcw Mills arc of tin* BEST MATERIAL AND WORKMANSHIP, with
heavy WROUGHT IRON SHAFTS (made long to prevent danger to the
flk Ijf operator), and rollers of the lwst charcoal pig iron, all turned up true.
W Tnev art* heavy, strong and durable, run light and even, and are guaran
t r< *d capable of grinding the heaviest fully matured r ~ | ~JPgRM—
WE GUARANTEE OUR PRICES TO BE AS LOW AS ANY OFFERED.
A Large Stock Always on Hand for Prompt Delivery.
Win. Ivelioe <fe Cos.
N. B.—The mime “ KF.HOE’B IKON WORKS,’ is cast on nil our Mills and Pan*.
DOWN THEY GrO.
MATTINGS AT REDUCED PRICES
. AT LINDSAY &. MORGAN’S.
IN order to <;Toro out osjr Summer Stock w<* are STRAW MATTING AT VERY LOW
PKK TH. MOSQUITO NETS, liEI KHiKitATOKB, BABY CARRIAGES, and all other season
MARKED DOWN TO PANIC PRICES.
BODY UHUSHKI.S CARPETS at NINETY CENTS A YARD.
Rheumatism and Neuralgia Kept Off by Using Glass Bod Rollers.
Our General Stock is Complete. Call on us Early,
LINDSAY & MORGAN.
SASH, DOORS, BUNDS, KiC.
Yale Royal Manufacturing Coi
SAY ANNAH, GA,
MANUFACTURERS OF AND DEALERS IN
Sri, Doors, lulls, Mutels, Fw Inis,
And Interior Finish of all kinds, Mauldin**, Balusters, Newel Post*. Estimate*, Price Lists, Mould
in* Uaok.i. arid any inforamtian In anr line fnrnislied an application. Cypres*, Yellow Flue, Oak,
Anii and Walnut fjUMBKK on hund anil in any quantity, furnished promptly.
VALE ROYAL MANUFACTURING COMPANY, Savannah, Ga
ENGINES, BOILERS, ETC.
Simplest, Safest and Most Durable. All Machinery fully Guaranteed. Reliable Ma
chinery at reasonable prices.
Do not buy without llrst seeing us, or writing for our prices, naming Just what you want. Address
mcSSWVa. i TALBOTT & SONS, Macon, Ga.
J. C. WiliAVlil.it. .Vluiuamr.
A CARGO OF
German Portlaii Cemeol
FOR SALE LOW BY
COTTON SEED W ANTED.
COTTON SEED WANTED
r I''IIF. SOUTHERN COTTON OIL COMPANY
I will tiny the highest market price for clean,
sound COTTON SEED.
The Company will have mills in operation at
the following iM.lms in time to crush this sea
son's crop of Seed, viz.;
Columbia, South Carolina.
New Orleans, Louisiana.
Little Rock, Arkansas.
For sale of Seed, or with reference to Seed
Agencies, address SOUTHERN COTTON OIL
C'OMI’AN Y at any of the above points, orC. FITZ
-BIMONS, Traveling' Agent for the CARO
LINAS and GEORGIA, with headquarters at
THE SOUTHERN COTTON OIL CO.
1 1 ""■llitl'lLLUli.Jß.
An ordinakcx, To authorize Hie Mayor and Al
dermen, in Council assenil.led, to grant per
mits for tile excavation and erection of areas
in the lanes of the city, and to prescribe cer
tain conditions for the same.
Section 1. Be it ordained try the Mayor and
Aldermen of the Citu of Savannah in Council
tuwemhled, That It shall and may Is’ lawful for
Council, at any time and from time to time to.
grant, by n-solutiou or otherwise, permits to
owners of lots and Improvements within the city 1
to excavate, construct and use areas extending,
into the lanes of the city.
Ski . 2. Tlwt JI sueli jiennits, unless otherwise
therein provided, shall lie granted subject loth*
condltiotis herein named uud ttie acceptance of
such permit, or the excavation, erection and use
of such area hy any property owner, shall be
taken and construed as an acceptance of the
said eomfitions, and binding u|sni the said prop
erty owner and his assigns, future owners of the
Sac. i). All such areas, including all walls and
material of any sort in the construction of the
same shall not ex tend into the lane for a dis
tance greater than four (4) feet from the line of
said lot. They shall lie set at such grade as the
tiroper officers of the city may designate, and
ept and maintained at such grade as may front
time to time Is. determined on for the said lane
without any expense to the city. They shall be
used only for the purposes of light and ventila
tion, and for no other puiqiose what
soever, and shall be covered with
a substantial wrought iron gratlDg of such
form as shall be an nmole protection to jiersona
and property passing through said lane, which
grating shall be stationary and immovable,
and not set upon hinges or other devices ar
ranged for entrance and exit into the buildings
through said area.
Site. 4. Tliat the owners for the time being
of any property, adjacent to w hich areas may
is- erected under the provisions of this ordi
nance shall indemnify aud hold harmless tho
Mayor and Aldermen of the city of Savannah,
of ami from any and all loss or damage that
may accrue against it by reason of the excava
tion, erection, use or occupation of the area
herein provided for, or tlij obstruction of the
lanes of the city.
Sec .5. That all ordinances or parts of ordi
nances conliieting with tliia ordinance he and
the same are hereby repealed in so far as they
Ordinance passed in Connell July 18, 1887.
RUFUS E. LESTER. Mayor.
AI text: Frank E. Uxiiareh, Clerk of Council.
Ml AHAVTINE NOTICE.
Omra He Man Officer, 1
Savannah, Ga., May 1. tftfl. f
From and after MAY Ist, IMM7, the city ordi
nance which spesrlAes the Quarantine reqitlre
mentstobe observed at the port at Savannah,
Georgia, for ported of nmo (annually) frotu Mar
l*t to November l*t, wBl bo must rigidly on
Merchants anil all other parties Interested
will lie supplied witli printed copies of the Quar
ant inn i iriliuanee upon application to office of
Healt h Officer.
From and after this dab; and until further no
tice atl steamships and vessel* from South
America, Central America. Mexico, West Indies,
Sicily, ports- of Italy south of 40 dogs. North
latitude. and const of .Africa be ween
10 dogs. North and I I dogs. South latitude,
direct or via American port will be sub
jected, to close Quarantine and be required
to report at the Quarantine Station and lie
treated a* being from Infected or suspected
ports or localities. Captains of these vessels
will have to remain at Quarantine Station until
their vessels are relieved.
All steamer* and vessel* from foreign ports
not .included above, direct or via American
port*, whether seeking, chartered or otherwlae,
will be required to remain In quarantine until
boarded and passed by the Quarantine Offioer.
Neither the Captains nor any mo on board of
such visual* will be allowed to come to the city
until the Iteasels are inspected and passed by the
As ports or localities not herein enumerated
are reported luibeulthy to the Sanitary Authori
ties, Quarantine restrictions against same will
be enforced without further publication.
The quarantine regulation requiring the flying
of the quarantine flag mi vessel* subjected to
detention or inspection will be rigidly enforced.
J. T. MCFARLAND. M. D.. Ifealth Officer.
Orfiok Health Officer, 1
Savannah, April sth, I*7. (
Notice Is hereby given that the Quarantine
Officer is Instructed not to deliver letters to ves
sel* which art' not subjected to quarantine de
tention, unless the name of consignee and state
ment that the vessel is ordered to some other
port appears upon the face of the envelope.
This order Is made necessary In consegaenoe ot
the enormous bulk of drumming letters sent to
the station fur vessels which are to arrive
J. T McFarland, m. and„
• Health Officer,
Office Health Officer. I
Savannah, March 25th, 1897. )
rHots of the Port of Savuunab are informed
that the Hatielo Quarantine'Station will be open
ed on APRIL Ibl. IHKT.
Special attention of the Flints is directed to
sections Nos. 3d and 14th, Quarantine Regula
Most rigid enforcement of quarantine regula
tions will no maintained by the Health authori
ties. j. t. McFarland, m and.,
, Health Officer.
Bacoji, Johnson & Cos.
Have a fine stock of
Oak, Pine, Lightwood and Kindling,
Oomer Liberty and East Broad strsste.
rp 1 COUNTY OFFICERS Bi-'ks and Btaakß
1 required by county officers for the use at
the courts, or for office use. supplied to order b*
the MORNING NEWS PRINTING HOUSk k
Whitaker streak Savannah.