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GEORGIA AND FLORIDA.
NEWS OF THE TWO STATES TOLD
A Walker County Lady Kills a Snake
That Threatened Her Life- A Man
Has His Second Sad Experience in
Obstructing the Rails With His Own
Person in Front of a Train.
Dr. W. H. Harris, of Sparta, picked lest
Week a tomato which turned the scales at a
pound and a quarter.
The annual celebration of the Montgomery
county Sunday School Association will be
held at Mount Vernon on Thursday before
the third Sunday in September.
It is rumored that preparations are being
quietly made by a large carriage manu
facturing concern of a neighboring city to
locate a brunch factory in Tallapoosa.
Sparta Ishmaelitc: A lightning-rod man
passing through town on W ednesday want
ed beer. He took water. Water is very
fine for lightning-rod men, liook agents,
bald-headed merchants, lawyers and editors.
On the Alabama road near Lafayette
Stands a historic tree, the jxistonk on which
John Burton was hung by Gatewood. The
land adjoining it has been cleared by Wash
Standfleld. but that tree has been spared by
the woodman’s ax.
W. M. Wheeler, of Hancock county, cut
a watermelon on Thursday, and when
opened it displayed a distinctly formed W
on both halves. ' Maybe it stood for wet
weather. It was at least as good and indi
cation as a moon sign.
On July 9. 1864, on the field of Monocaev,
W. F. McWhorter, of Lafayette, was laid
out in the shade for dead. Occasionally
Doc comes in with a load of the best water
melons raised in the neighlKirliood. Timas
are more peaceful now than then.
Although several bridges have been
swept away entirely anil many others dam
aged, Judge John T. Sims, Chairman of the
Board of Merriwether County Commis
sioners thinks all missing bridges can be
rebuilt and repairs made at a cost of $>8)0 or
Sparta Ishmaelite: With tho election
and installment of the new treasurer per
haps a little light will he let in upon the
treasury mudale. The people have waited
patiently and for a long time to find out
something about the status of county
Not long since, at a gathering in Albany,
comprising fully fifteen men and boys rang
ing 15 to 50 years, it was discovered that
but one of all that company die wed tobac
co, and he was an elderly gentleman. This
makes a noteworthy and gratifying showing
for the youth of the city.
Mrs. McNeese, who lives near the Round
Pond, in Walker county, had a narrow es
cape Tuesday of last week. She was gath
ering potatoes, when near her, just as it
drew back to strike, she discovered a rattle
snake. The good lady did not leave the
field to her enemy, hut killed it promptly.
It was 4 feet long and had five rattles.
George Mason, a young man living a little
north of Tallapoosa, accidentally shot him
self last Saturday evening and died from
the effects of his wound Sunday morning.
He went into an outhouse seeking shelter
from the rain, and when coming out by
some means the hammer of his gun was
caught by the door, causing it to discharge,
the load entering his stomach.
At Bremen late Thursday a messenger
from Buchanan came rushing into town for
Dr. J. N. Cheuy to hasten to the home of
Mr. Fullbright, who is mad from hydro
phobia. Two months ago Mr. Fullbright
was badly bitten by a rabid'dog, and imme
diately sought Dr. Tidwell, of Fairborn,
who lias a mndstone; and the same having
adhered sixty-two hours before failing. Mr.
Fullbright returned home greatly relieved
and confident there would be no further
danger. But to his and many friends' sur
prise he is now dangerously mad. aud there
is perhaps no chance for recovery.
At Wavcross a few nights ago, during a
terrific thunder storm, the residence of
James Cox was struck by lightning, and it
was a miracle that all of the sixteen per
sons who were in the house at the tune
escaped unhurt. except of course a pretty
severe shock. A little baby was within two
feet of the chimney post down which the
lightning ran. and its only protection from
the falling slivers was the top of the bed
stead. Two dogs sought shelter under th >
chimney, and were in tantly kill'd. All
the occupants of tho house were more or
leas shocked, and felt the effects of it for
In Hancock county the total returns of
■whites foot up 889; of b!a<-k and colored
1,618. The number of acres of land in cul
tivation is 45,648; the aggregate value of
land is $1,399,231); horses, nml 'S, hogs, sheep
and cattle are returned at $154,595; the ag
gregate value of the whole property of the
countyfoots up 52,655,303. While tliisshowsa
falling of of some $15,000 from last year’s re
turns, it is a remarkably good showing, for
there have been several business disasters of
considerable preportions in the county since
last year's returns were made. The only
surprise is that, the falling off came within
$50,000 or $lOO,OOO.
Wednesday afternoon ns the passenger
train was rounding the curve on the east
side of tlie trestle, near Montezuma, a man
by the name of Hankerson was sente. 1 on
the end of a cross tie, and after seeing his
approaching danger was loth to give up his
seat, and remained there until the front
truck of the locomotive knocked him off.
It is supposed t hat he was drunk, as a broken
bottle of whisky was found oil his person
after the jolt. Upon examination it was
found that two of tiis ribs were broken. A
few years previous to this he tried to butt a
train off the track near Marshallville, and
was knocked out in the ttrst round.
Watkinsville Enterprise: We don’t wish
to get our reputation up, nor to tear down
anyone else's, nor do we make a practice of
publishing big <?| tales, but as this beats
them ail we will deviate from our rules unee.
Mr. O. L. Anderson isresjsmsible forthe fol
lowing: He was at Watson Springs during
the big freshet and says somebody’s water
melon patch washed away from up the
river and its it. floated down he saw the half
of one floating along with a good size pig
Bitting in one end eating out of the other
end as placidly as if ini pen, with a scare
crow floating behind trying to punch him
out w ith a stick. We gave him our hat aud
Fulton county’s to* digest show* a marked
Improvement over last year. The number
of defaulters has decreased from TBl to So;
for 1886, white polls were <1,702, IHH7 they
wore 8,791. In lsaii whites owned $19,481),-
160 worth of city* property, in 1887 the
value was $20,219.00(1. The value of lunik
share* was increased from $050,009 in 18sit
to 8*13,000 in 1887. (Stocks and bonds from
$497,025 to fill 1 .), 717>. Merchandise from
$3,829,860 to $8,070,730. Ijvo stock in
1880 was quoted at $001,890; in 1887 it is re
turned at $288,475. The number of acres
owned by blacks, 1887, is returned at 985’
The value of land outside of the city, owned
by blocks, is returned for 1887 at $43,300.
I>r Stiles, of Atlanta, expresses the opin
ion that Woolf oik, the Bibb county mur
derer, ts of unsound mind. He says: “lain
positive that Woolfolk is not sane. There
is undoubtedly a depression on his brain,
which soon or later will produce softening
of the brain, insanity and death, i do not
regard him as an irresponsible individual
by any means. He knew wnathe was rtoing
wbon he killed his kinsmen. There wir< no
cunning displayed. There was no intelli
gence in his method of doing his victims to
death. He is not a bright fellow, the vari
ous newspaper report! to the contrary
notwithstanding He has a weufe
mind. His nature hits much in it
that is vicious. He believed that
be had l>een deprived of his inheritance."
It is probable that Henry Pope, the negro
who wos tried, found guilty and sentenced
to lie hung for ravishing Miss Kendrick, in
Cbatooga county, but who was afterwards
respited and is how waiting the termination
tl a too uou lor a new trial, is not tkJcuibt
party after all. The following is from the
Sumtervilk- Gazette; “ For several
months Nelson Haggard, of Walker
county, has been on the track of a negro
whom he suspected of being the ruvisher of
Mcs Kendrick. lie arrested him last Fri
day in Somerset county, Kentucky, and ap
plication was immediately made to Gov.
Gordon for a requisition. He fills the de
scription exactly, and was on the Rome and
Decatur railroad on Feb. 3. A day or two
after, he went home, told his wife he had
committed the rape and left.”
Advices from Elberton is to the effect
that the religious trouble in that place is not
in the slightest way allayed ana will take
at least a generation to wipe it out. The
town is badly divided and a great deal of
hard feeling exists. At one time it was
feared that there would lie a personal con
flict between prominent members of two de
nominations; but cooler counsel prevailed,
and this subsided. Not, only the church
members refused to allilmte, but the bitter
ness was carried into the private family cir
cles. The schools have been broken up and
Professor Ayers has left the place. The
Baptists have opened a school of their de
nomination, and the Methodists will do like
wise, but the place cannot support two good
schools, aud this division will greatly injure
them. Even the newpapers have been
driven into this controversy, the Baptists
supporting the Leader and tho Methodist
party the Gazette.
Tallapoosa Journal: What is Bessemer
ore; i.s a question which is often naked in
these days of iron excitement. From in
quiry with several well-known furnace men,
which is corroborated by the manager of
land company here, any ore which is free
enough from phosphorus to work by the
direct or basaic process without dephos
phorizing in making steel is a Bessemer ore,
whether it be brown or black in color. It
may carry the desired portion of manganese
or manganese may have to be added to pro
duce the desired effect. The term Besserr er
is a production of tho last three years, and
is used by the iron men in designating this
particular grade of ore, whether it be
brown or red hematites or manganiferous
ores. Assays made on both the brown and
mangaiiiferous ores of TulJapwisa in many
places on each of the four loads running
parallel show that they contain from one
tenth to three-tenths of phosphorus, conse
quently they can be worked into steel by
the direct process aud are in the
parlance of the day Bessemer ores.
Among those that have been attracted to
Bartow county lately is Lewis .Scofield,
formerly of Atlanta, but more recently
trom Chattanooga. Mr. Scofield built the
first iron foundry in Atlanta as well as the
last one, and is well known in manufactu
ring circles. He is now engagod in o[>e rating
one of the many manganese banks in the
county, situated just across the river below
Cartersville. In the 60’s in a trade he
liecanie in possession of his present lot in
Bartow comjt.v, which was termed a wild
land lot in the trade. He never thought much
of the matter, grudgingly paid the tax ever
since, often thinking that he would not
pay the tax, but let the lot go to sale, as has
much of the land in this section been dis
posed of. He, however, continued paying
the taxes, which was a trivial amount,
thinking some day he would have a chance
of selling it so as to get it off his hands.
During the late interest, centred on the lands
of our county Mr. Scofield concluded, as his
lot seemed to be in the midst of iron and
manganese banks, to give it a test. A few
workmen were soon digging away, and soon
developed that the insignificant lot was to
bloom forth as a never-failing bonanza.
Irani and manganese were found in large
quantities aud is now being mined success
fully. Only the other day yellow ochre was
found in great quantities. Mr. Bcoflekl is
happy over his prospects.
Camilla correspondent Albany News and
Advertiser: The writer was called, on last
Sabbath morning, to ride with Dr. VV. W.
Twittv, of this place, to see a patient of his,
Mr. Hair, a section lnaater, living on the
railroad three or four miles from Camilla.
The condition of the dirt road leading to
the house of the sick man is such that it
necessitates the leaving of the horse and
buggy of tho Doctor three-quarters of a
mile away, thereby walking for that dis
tance becomes necessary. A cow pit is in
the way of tho pedestrian along the rail
road. On our return from the visit to the
patient, your correspondent, in undertak
ing to walk across the pit, although using
ordinary caution, not disregard
ing the necessity of self-protec
tion and becoming vigilance, his
foot slipped mid lie went headforemost into
one of the dirtiest and most offensive pits
that it. had been his misfortune to fall into.
In it were dead frogs, tadpoles and many
other dead things, emitting an odor than
which shore is none more offensive. Your
correspondent was wearing his uew and
Ix'st trousers, which were much damaged,
having had one leg torn nearly off, his shins
Iwdly skinned, thoroughly drenched in such
an offensive hole that the inconvenience
and damages are too great to keep without
notice. Your correspondent has not felt
like writing since the casualty, yet he docs
not fcjl oso to assess the damage done to his
perso?^re.su 11 ing from tho unfortunate ca
tastrophe, but is willing to submit the mat
ter to a fair arbitration.
Tallapoosa Journal: J. R. Crandall, tho
genial malinger of the IVdapoosa Hotel,
spent two days of this week in Bartow
county, and reporta that there is hardly n
piece pf iron property, develojied or unde
veloped. now for sale —it having all lieen
1 knight up by furnace men. He says that
tlie iron property in Tallapoosa will soon
le, and is now, in fact, in great demand.
The Bessemer ores on t his load, which runs
through Haralson, Polk, Bartow, Cherokee,
Pirkeris, Dawson, Lumpkin and Union
counties, are ivhat the great iron fur
naces of the South must depeud on
in the future for ore for steel making.
Until recently it was sup|>osod that no man
ganese or Bessemer ore existed I*>lmw Polk
county;but since the prosjiectinpTind de
ve’-pment by the Tallapoosa lauul, Mining
and Manufacturing Company, it is found
that the richest ores of the whole lead are
found in Haralson county, near Tallapoosa.
This town has the advantage of living nearer
to railroad communication with the great
furnaces of Alabama than anv of the other
counties named—the ores exist in larger
quantities, and are of superior quality.
Several of the furnaces at Birmingham
are being altered into steel making,
aml one of the furnaces being erected
at Bessemer, Ala., will lie used for the
same purpose in connection with a steel rail
ruilf now located there. Anniston is also
making preparations to manufacture steel,
aud ail of the eittos are compelled to
look into either Georgia, North Carolina or
Arkansas for their Bessemer ores. Talla
poosa being the nearest, point by at least, 200
miles, will lie sure to be the shipping point
for all th l ' ores of this county, with a
blast furnace, which will be located within
the coining twelve months, she will be the
centre of the iron industry for a radius of
twenty miles, with the Georgia Central,
Home and Columbus, and the Georgia Pa
Ocala will soon have another National
The streets of Orlnrido are to be lighted
Since the survey of Runnyntede, but a
short time ago, 901 lots have been sold.
The asseto of Makillson & ICntz, of Kis
simmee, exceed their liabilities by $lO,OOO.
An electron to locate the county site will
Ire held in Bradford county on next Wednes
day, Aug. 17.
At Bartow business seems to ire picking
up and real estate getting a little stronger
and more active.
Buko City ships thousands of [rounds of
hides every year, and her citizens are speak
ing of a tannery.
Twelve Bet ' into [rear trees netted a Boon
county man $BOO. This is at the j'ate of
$2,030 to t he acre.
Dr. W. J. Sear's bus resigned the Mavor
ulty of Shakcrug, and moved back to Kis
sinunee last Tuesday.
People who have had occasion to rid*
THE MORNING NEWS: SUNDAY. AUGUST 14, 1887.
through Lake county, report quail more
plentiful than they have been for years.
Considerable fruit has set on the orange
trees from the July blooming, and the pros
pect for summer oranges in Orlando next
year is fair.
The Baptist people of Oviedo are to have
anew church building The material is all
on the grenmd for the structure, and the
work was inaugurated a few days ago.
At the meeting of the Common Council
of Orlando Thursday City Clerk Goodjng
tendered his resignation, and John T. Wat
son was unanimously elected in his place.
There is said to be a tree on the plantat ion
of T. J. Townsend, near Madison, the
diameter of which is said to be more than
ten feet. A person can easily ride a horse
into a hollow at its base.
Hatton Sample, a colored Columbia
county fanner, has grown broom corn very
successfully this year. It is quite likely
thatconi.d-rable attention will bo devoted
to it in that section herereafter.
The officers of Lake county have received
their commissions, with the exception of the
Surveyor, whoso bond was imperfect and
had to go over to the next meeting of the
board fir correction and approval.
The lands of the Ilomosaasa Company, on
the gulf, have lieen sold to a New York
syndicate tor #300,003 and an interest in
the profits. There arc 13,000 acres in the
tract. The new company propose to eioct a
splendid hotel and boom the enterprise in
The next regular meeting of the. Lake
County Commissioners will be first Tuesday
in September, at Bloomfield. They will
then decide on proposals to be mud i mean
time by any responsible parties, for the new
county map, which proposals were voted
for at last meeting.
A street railway, a seventy-room hotel,
water works, gas works, electric lights,
#94,000 expended in brick business houses,
anil nearly as much more in wooden build
ings outside of the fire limits, all since Jan.
1, 1887, is the record Orlando offers for the
inspection of the civilized world.
Messrs. Ausioy, MeCaskill ffc Potter, of
Argyle, lost about #30,000 by the storm, but
have settled up all their indebtedness,
though it left them without anything
almost. The destruction of their business
will be a great loss to Argyie, Wulton
county and the Pensacola and Atlantic rail
Thursday night the colored folks’ church,
situated on the railroad one mile from De
Futiiak, was fired and burned down. A
school was being taught in the house by
Mary Ronlhae, a colored girl, who says that
there had been no fire ou the premises dur
ing the day. The work, therefore, seems to
be that of an incendiary.
From Lake Harney last Monday Messrs.
Herbert and Hopwixid caught 100 pounds of
pike, the largest weighing 8 pounds. They
wore considerably bothered by some gigantic
mud fish, which insisted on getting caught
when they weren’t wanted. Mr. Herbert
says he dries the pike, and when dry the
flesh is ‘'beautiful eating.”
Tho business place of O. F. Hart, at Eustis,
hail a very narrow escape from fire last Mon
day night. A number of packages of
matches were, piled up on the shelf, the side
of which was an open box of the same in
flammable pine splinters. It is presumed
tiie rats set the loose ones on fire, scorching
and burning the outside of the packages.
At a citizens’ meeting, held at Pensacola
Friday, Chairman Louis P. Knowles ap
pointed Cant. W. D. Chipley, Judge Walter
Tate and Capt. D. O. Brent a committee of
three to invite President and Mrs. Cleve
land to visit Pensacola on their Southern
trip in October. Should tho invitation lie
accepted the distinguished guests will tie
royally received and entertained.
Tho Governor made the following ap
pointments Friday; For Duval eounty—
Dr. Henry Bacon, to be member of the
Board of Health. For Escambia county —
John Webb, to lie Harbor Master for Pensa
cola. Supervisors of Registration—For
Orange county, B. M. Robinson; for Jeffer
son county, W. R. Taylor; for Citrus
county, W. J. Bumph; for Loo county,
John J. Blount.
County Commissioner Aulin is of the
opinion that the yield of oranges in Dr.
Henry Foster's Lake Charm grove will this
year reach 13,000 boxes. It is now holding
an exceptionally heavy crop of green fruit.
Other groves near it are doing equally as
well, while still others give promise of a
light yield. Taking the section together
the crop promises to lie nearly up to the av
erage of former years.
Ou hoard the bark Havelock, now lying
at Pensacola, having just arrived from
Montevideo, there are four South American
ponies, one of which, a mare, is profusely
covered with wool, or what will be very
readily taken for wool if that is not what
its covering consists of. It is a curiosity,
well worth any showman's big money. Mi-.
Walker Gonzales, it is said, will become the
purchaser of the animal.
The Sunday evening train on the Florida
Railway and Navigation road, in passing
over tlie trestle near Eldorado, set fire to the
trestle. The (lamas were not chocked until
some ten bents of the structure were de
stroyed, necessitating the rebuilding of
about 180 feet. Traffic over the road was
somewhat retardixi in consequence of the
necessary trunsfer oocasioned by the acci
dent. Trains wore running all right again
At Eustis offers for oranges on the trees
have already been made for the coming win
ter as follows: #3 per box for bright*; #1 50
for russets, size 300 to the box and under; $1
for russets, size over 300 to the box. It is a
sure indication of the lightness of the orange
crop generally throughout South Florida
to tie offered so good prions for oranges on
the trees, and so early in the season. But
the trouble is that in many sections there
will lie hardly any to sell, and consequently
it will not help much.
The salaries for teachers for tho coming
term in Orange county have been fixed,
based upon the average attendance last
year, with 5 per cent, addrel to allow for in
crease during the year. Among the more
important salary allowances aro Hie follow
ing: Orlando, #340 par month; Sanford,
#310; Apopka, #1.50; Oconee, #4O; Crown
Point, $35; Bet hel, #3O, etc. Eight of the
schools, including Oakland, Winter Park,
Tildon’s and Lakeville, have lieen left blank
in the list, as recent changes have occurred
in the school system at those places, and
the adequate salary will not be known until
the report of the'first mouth’s teaching i.s
The orange groves in the region south of
Lake Jesup are vigorous and prolific, and
are as full of promise tvs those of any other
section of the State, Tlie soil seems to lie
specially adapted to oranges, the trees grow
vigorously and yield well. A gentleman
who has had long experience in Florida,
and who knows thisregmn well.expraises the
opinion that in an avenge fruit, year, the
yield of this South L ike Jesup region will
reach 890,000 boxes of fruit, This from a
little holt no more than a couple of miles
wide and six or seven miles in length. At a
fair estimate tho fruit should net the grow
ers #1 per Ikix. Surely ji handsome revenue
for a small territory, not more than one
acre in ten of which has yet lieen brought
According to a published notice, a meet
ing of citizens representing Eustis, Fort
Mason, Orange, Hiimmix'k and other sec
tions contiguous to Lake Eustis, Yale and
Ella, met in Eustis Aug. 6. ihc chairman
stated the object of the meeting was to dis
cuss the importance of opening a canal for
navigation between Likes Eustis, Yale,
Ella and tho Ocklawahn river, and to ar
range for forming a company for said ob
ject. Miudi interest was mauifeeted aid
the ineetiu; was addressed by Dr. Hicks.
Col. Potter. Judge Brown. C. T. Smith and
others. Judge Brown moved that a com
mittee of five be appointed to draft articles
of iiicor|xirution for the pur pine o. forming
a eoiii|xuiy to construct said canal, and tint
the chairman of the meet,ing b cimirnmu
ut the ixmumttec. This was carried unuiii-
ismimittoe appointed were
Messrs. Hicks, Brown, Wilson and King.
The committee is to report at an adjourned
meeting. Saturday, Aug. 30.
Orlando Reporter: Since the sign for
the San Juan de Ulioa hotel was put up wo
have heard considerable discussion and
speculation as to the possible meaning of
the name. Some spell through the first
part of the name very well, but when it
comes to the “Ulioa” they give up in des
pair. Others of superior information, when
appealed to, says that Ulioa is Spanish for
hotel, so that it moans ‘ St. John’s Hotel.”
Henor Rafael Perez, the Cuban cigar
manufacturer, has an old history
of Cuba, written by Pedro Santncilia. which
gives the origin of this peculiar name as fol
lows: On April 18, 1518, Juan de Grijalva,
a Srwtnish navigator, discovered and landed
at Vera Cruz, in Mexico. As his ship neared
tho shore the native Indians gre-tod them
with a shout which sounded like “Ulna!
Ulua!” and the spot was christened Ulua by
the Spaniards, who built a large fortress
at the place. The name was sometimes
called “Ulioa,” but even at this day the name
Ulua is preferred by tho Spaniards.
Orlando Reporter: It is to be hoped that
contractors and property owners will con
sider long and well before they proceed to
erect rows of small tenement houses so near
the heart of town. Large substantial build
ings can be erected at a moderate cost, and
will bring a good rent price, while the
adjoining property will be greatly bene
fited and advanced in value. These
little houses are actually worse than no
buildings at all, for they occupy ground
which might be used lor buildings that
would be substantial additions to tid
city. September will soon lie here, aud
with it will com;? a revival in the building
line, and we hope the men in whose hands
the matter lies will take the right view of
this question, and put up nice large build
ings which will attract a good class of peo
ple; persons who are able to pay good rent
are willing to do so for handsome quar
ters convenient to th# business centers. One
such house is worth many times as much to
the city and to the owner as a dozen shan
ties. ix>t us have more good sized houses
aud fewer small tenements.
According to the direction of Gov. Perry
of Florida the State troops go into en
campment at Pablo Beach ou Tuesday, the
August 23, and remain about ten days.
Extensive preparations will be ma le for the
occasion and all concerned are looking for
ward to a season of unusual pleasure as well
os improvement in military tactics. Under
the new law the Florida Wtate troops are
limited to three batalions each of ten infan
try and two artillery companies, as follows:
First Florida Battalion—Commander, W.
B. Young. Tho battalion is composed of the
following companies: First Florida Light
Artillery,(Wilson's Batte -y),of Jacks mi file,
Capt. W. D. Barnett; Jacksonville Light
Infantry, of Jacksonville. Capt. R. M. Call;
Metropolitan Light Infantry, of Jackson
ville, Capt. F. P. Fleming; Fernandiua Vol
unteers, of Fernandiua, Capt. W. D. Bal
lantine; Gem City Guards, of Patatku, Capt.
R. W. Davis. The .Second Florida Bat
talion is composed of the following com
panies; Ocala Rifles, of Ocala, Capt. T. D.
Lancaster; Halifax Rifles, of Daytona,
Capt. J. W. Douglass; Orlando Guards, of
Orlando, Capt, T. J. Shine; Gainesville
Guards, of Gainesville, Capt. Irving E.
Webster; St. Augustine Battery, of St.
Augustine, Capt. William Moody. The
Third Florida Battalion is composed of the
following companies: Escambia Rifles,
of Pensacola, Capt. W. T. Williams;
Santa Rosa Rifles, of Milton, Capt.
Malcolm Anderson. The above companies
compose the regular State troops commis
sioned under the recent act of tho Legisla
ture, sworn in for a term of three years, and
subject to regular military discipline ac
cording to>Unitied Stab's regulations, and
consequently are required to attend the en
campment. As those companies are com
posed of not less than thirty-two members
each, it wifi be seen that not less than 354
men will participate in the encampment,
but as some of the companies are very much
larger, it is probable that the numtier will
lie increased to not less than 400. Besides
the above, there are seventeen volunteer
companies belonging to the State militia,
but tho members of which are not subject
to military discipline, though it is
expected that several of these companies
will attend and participate. These com
panies are as follows: Hillsborough Greys,
of Plant City, Capt. T. A. Bivens; Leesburg
Rifles, of Leesburg, Capt. L>. M. Hopson;
Tampa Rifles, of Tampa, Capt. E. L. Leslie;
Finley Guards, of Ocala, Capt. F. B. Lip
pett; Clay County Guards, of Green Cove
Springs, Capt. A. G. Morgan; Franklin
Guards, of Apalachicola, Capt. J. H.
Coombs; Maclenny Light Infantry, of
Maclenny, Capt. W. A. Drake: Mun
roe Rifles, of Key West, Capt. R. A.
Monsalvatge; Chipley Uillas, Chipley, Capt.
R. B. Bellamy; Do Land Rifles, or ttoLand,
('apt. Joseph Dore; Leon Guards (colored),
of Tallahassee, Capt. E. T. Singleton; Perry
Guards (colored), of Jacksonville, Capt.
Willis Williams; Duval Light Infantry (col
ored), of Jacksonville, Capt. Frank P. Hop
kins; Jacksonville Guards (colored), of Jack
sonville, Capt. J. C. H. Singleton: Arling
ton Guards (colored), of Jacksonville, Capt.
Oran B. Taylor; L’Engle Guards (colored),
of Jacksonville, Cant. J. B. Brown; Gar
field Guards (colored), of Pensacola, Capt.
A THOUSAND MILES AN HOUR.
Project for Crossing the Ocean in Pneu
From the Boston Globe.
Col. John H. Pierce, of Plantsville, Conn.,
said to a reporter that as yet little was
known ontside his room of his plan for con
necting this continent with the Old World
by means of pneumatic tubes. Hum ' state
ment of a brief nature has been made to a
local paper. Only within a day, almost,
has it lieen developed to its present stage.
In response to a request to give the facts
the inventor was lull of enthusiasm, but
spoke with care and precision and with tlie
air of a man who knew whereof he affirmed.
“Yes, I believe my plan is a practical
one. This country can be connected with
Europe by means of pneumatic tubes of
large proportions. When the theories are
reduced to practice they limy be modiflixi to
“How would they be laid and operated)’
“After the manner of the cables, as I wifi
hereafter explain. We will lie obliged to
have them laid exactly straight, or as near
straight as the surface of the glolie w ill per
mit. They will he operated hv currents of
air, but on principles quite diffeient in
some respects front those governing the
small Dili's now in use; the general princi
ples remain the same. Of course the tubes
wifi always b> in couples, with currents of
air driven through them, the curr sit in one
tube always moving in an opjxxutedirection
from the other.”
“Will it in i: lx? difficult to force currents
of air the distance you contemplate, f
"Oh, no. The speed of this current can
he made as great ns desired, and with
scarcely any limit, by simply using a great
number of steam fans on the principle of
those used in blast furnaces,
“Tho tulies mu <t lx? large enough to admit
of passengers, of course, yet small as possi
ble. I would have individuals sit tamleni,
one ahead of the otliT, vmi see. Friction!
That would lx-prevent" i by hall bearings
necessary appliances The motion would
hardly lie iviveptihle to the passenger. It
is hard to srx'on.ate upon the speed attaina
ble. One hundred miles an hour would lie
the easiest tiling m th" world; I,Oik) in lias
an hoii*' is no, imp .ssibl? with polislie i .-.reel
surface fur tube lining and exterior friction
we could provide for. The spend, owing to
the curvature of the earth's surface will
tend to overcome all weight and m ik" the
pressure greatest on the upper portion of
the tube, when running at maximum s|ieod.
Think of going 1. 1 Loudon in such a way
and in such time as that!”
(sil. Fierce said that n, would not rost, a
very large sum to build un experimental
Hue fur a sheet distance, sav a few miles.
His plan lias lu i'u subinitt xi in its details to
sweral exports, and has nut with ap
proval. The gn>at question with the in
ventor at the present time is to gel the
necessary funds to carry forward the work,
for lie is a man of comparatively little
capital. He feels confident that in tlio end
h“ will receive the ivrognitioii aud eucoui'-
(fucmcat which his work deserve*.
NEW ENGLAND OLD MAIDS.
Some Interesting Statistics About the
Boston, Aug. 13. —Some curious statistics
fell into my hands the other day which I
shall reproduce for their bearing on a ques
tion of the hour—a pressing question in the
East at least—the growing number of un
ninrried women. In one of the smaller New
England towns, where it seemed as if the
family were almost ceasing to be the unit of
society, I met a woman who for some vears
hack has kept a record of the girls who have
graduated from the high school of the v:l
lage, what they have done and what, up to
date, has become of them, She gave me her
figures for the classes from IH7I to 1876, from
sixteen to eleven years ago, and strange
figures for any marrying or giving in mar
riage community they seem.
The average age of the graduates from a
typical New England high school is between
16 and 17 years. Hence it would seem that
the women of whom this list has been kept,
ranging at present from U 7 to 36 years old,
have done the greater proportion of all the
“settling in life" which they are likely to
There were 10 girls in the class of 1871.
Of this number 5 have married, 4 have died
of consumption, 10 are unmarried. Of the
16 girls of 187:1, 6 have married and 10 are
single. Of the2l of 1873,3 are married and
18 aro single. Of the 13 of 1874, 2 have
married, 5 nave died of consumption, and 6
axe single. Of the 13 of 1875, 5 have xnar
ried, 1 has died of consumption and 7 are
single. Of the 17 of 1876, 6 have married,
1 has died of consumption and 10 are single.
Making for a total of 99 graduates, 27 mar
i iages. ll deaths and 61 women thus fax
single. No account is taken of the years
since 1876, because as the average age at
marriage is advancing no fair conclusion
could be drawn fi-om the younger classes.
The proportion of single w omen, it will be
seen, is nearly two-thirds of the whole num
ber. Whether this town is fairly represeti
tative of its section 1 have no means of
knowing, nor whether the same proportion
would hold among the unschooled or less
schooled girls of the 'place. There is no
obvious reason why it should not, however,
for a high school education is not sufficiently
exalted to rouse in any mind the suspicion
that the girl who has subjected herself to it
has thereby unfitted herself for the domes
tic duties of life. The 11 deaths were one
and all from cast wind consumption which
gets to be hereditary and plays direful havoc
in families. There have been two cases of
insanity, but these both occurred among
the married 27. The lai-gest number of chil
dreu in the families of the married is 3.
Three of the 99 girls went to college after
leaving the high school, but these are in the
Of the unmarx-ied 61, 21 follow a very
usual feminine trade; they are school
ma’ams, 1 at Hampton teaching the Indians
under Gen. Armstrong, 20 in public schools
and academies. Three set type, 1 reads
proof, 1 is the head dressmaker in a dry
goods establishment, 4 dressmakers on a
smaller scale, 3 are music teachers, 1 has
studied medicine, 15 are stitchers and but
tonhole makers in shoe shops, and the rest
are home stayers.
Just what has brought about such a pre
ponderance of spinsternood it would be hard
to say. People have contended that it didn’t
exist, and have explained the immense sur
plus of women in New England on the sup
position that most of them are widows,
made so by the hazardous occupations of
the men on the Eastern coast. W idows there
are in plenty, but these sixty-one—and
everybody who knows anything of New
England will find it an easy matter to call
up plenty of similar instances—have cer
tainly never married, probably most of them
have never had an opportunity to marry.
There are very few marriageable young
men to be found at the present time in any
smallish New England town. The serene
quiet of the most lethargic section of these
United States doesn't suit a young man. He
goes away before he is old enough to marry
and the chances aro he doesn’t comeback
again. He is a drummer out on the road
somewhere, or he finds his way into busi
ness in Boston, New York or the West. If
he makes a vacation trip home, he is im
fu-essed by the lack of money in New Eng
and outside the cities, by the length of time
since the houses have been painted, and the
amount of calculation required before a
dollar can be expended. He doesn’t stay
long enough to learn to admire the hardy
thrift tbut can wring a comfortable support
out of a rocky soil where a New Yorker
would starve or commit suicide, and the
gil ls he left behind him cannot compare, so
he thinks on his return, for beauty of dress
or pi-etty coquetry of manner or small talk
of society with the city girl who lias become
insensibly his standard of girlhood. Not that
ho expects to marry the city girl, not at all,
no. The newspapers have slandered her to
the transplanted country young man until
between ice cream in summer and seal skins
in winte viliration would be justified if
it put mu lith in newspapers, in flinging
its girl liu.i.o.s into the Charles River or the
Hudson to rid the world of such useless in
cumbrances. The fairly well-meaning and
domestic young man thinks he doesn't ap
prove of the city girl, but her chic lias none
the less surely spoiled the country girl for
him, the usual result being that lie goes
into bachelors’ lodgings until he has un
fitted himself in tastes and habits to marry
These things considered, it is fortunate
for the spinster that she is beginning to
think it a natural and not altogether un
pleasant state of affairs to be a spinster.
They do not look to me an unhappy lot,
these New England old maids. For one
thing New England is learning to be tender
of them. She does not call thorn old maids.
Being so strong nu element in society they
perhaps dictate its attitude toward them
selves. At all events, by a pleasant euphem
ism enough of the fiction of their perjietual
youth is kept up until they die, You may
hear a New England woman speak of the
“Fisher girls” or the “Simpson girl” for
weeks before the truth is borne in upon
you that the "girls” aro well along toward
their seventieth year. They never married
ami nobody was ever cruel enough to mark
out any line IxeyouU which they ceased to be
They are self-respecting and respected,
these spinsters too. 1 wonder if it sounds
strange in more sophisticated latitudes to lie
told that there are to this day New Eng
land towns in abundance where the best
educated and best bred Yankee girl of the
lest old colonial family can go into t he shoe
shop, as Lucy Larcom and her compeers did
into the Lowell mills when mills and shoe
factories were new, and work there years
after she has ceased to boa girl save by
courtesy, and still read the Atlantic, and
move in, perhaps lend, the most aristocratic
soieety of the place. It is not such a had
thing to bo an old maid where you can work
at whatever comes handiest without loss of
dignity, and where your neighbors on both
sides are more likely than not to be old
maids 100. You are following what is there
the natural destiny of a woman. If you
marry, then indeed comes the wonder, the
surprise. W 1 icre did ho come from, who is
ho and how did it happen that you took a
fancy to him! Sometimes a New England
village puts an exaggerated value on a im*n.
es|xselally anew comer, as a rare and unex
peeted being who opens new possibilities to
half the girls in the place; but oftener the
women grow so self-dot xendent, so used to
managing for tbeinsulvos, tint the unneces
sary creature, man. must bo very good in
deed to lie good enough for one ol them.
There is more or loss eommon sense floating
round in Now England, and it. is about as
good a oinre t o te mi old maid in as one
oould find. E. P. H.
Decay of the Bones,
With some thirty other symptoms, mark
the progress of that terrible disease known
a catarrh. It advances from stage to stage
of fearful annoyances, and if neglected, is
certain to end in general debility, and pos
sibly in consumption or insanity. Dr.
Have's Catarrh Remedy will cure it at. any
stage. This medicine has Ixeen long liefore
th“ public, and thousands imvetiecu restored
to health by it* never-failing virtue*.
E C' :'K S T E IN 1 !:
PROGRAMME OF BARGAINS FOR THIS WEEK:
Monday—Robes and White Goods.
We will make a great sale of the balance of our stock of White and Colored Embroidered and
Fancy Robes We start them at $1 25, full Dress Pattern. This is less than half their regular
price. The entire line bf Fine White Goods and Novelties reduced to less than cost—Bc. a yard
will be the starting price.
Tuesday—Wash Dress Goods.
Fancy Muslins, Printed Lav,-ns, Crinkled Seersuckers, Light. Gingham, White Ground Calicoes
and Cambrics, Imported and American Sateens. A Grand Sale, over 2,000 yards, commencing at
4c. a yard.
Wednesday—Hosiery, Etc., Etc.
500 pairs Fancy Stripes, Solid Colors, Balbriggan. Lisle and Silk Hose. Clearing up all the
Odds and Ends of the Season at prices ranging from 10c. a pair to $1 50. Some of the best bar
gains ever offered in this line.
Thursday—Handkerchiefs, Gloves & Mitts,
We have a large lot of Odd Styles and small lots of oods iu this line that will be thrown
on the Counter and closed out at any price from 3c. up.
Friday—Great Day for Bargains.
500 dozen Towels at VA\4p. each. 250 dozen Doylies at sc. each. 155 Summer Quilts at 55c. each.
500 pieces Mosquito Nets at 35c. 1 case 4-4 Bleached Shirting at a yard.
Saturday—Fancy Goods, Etc., Etc.
Neck Ruching sc. and 10c. a yard. Linen Collars 10c. each. Linen Sets 15c. a set. 20 Fancy
Parasols at half price. Perfumery anti Toilet Water 10c. up. 1.000 packages Fancy Soap at sc.
Gents’ Collars anu Cuffs 75c. a dozen. 1,100 pair Socks at 10c. and 19c. a pair.
WE WANT TO SEE YOU EVERY DAY--IT WILL PAY YOU TO COME.
ECKSTEIFS, Congress and Whitaker Sts.
14:1 BEOUGrHTOIST ST.
SPECIAL SALE OF FANS THIS WEEK
BLACK SATIN HAND PAINTED FANS at 50c., worth sl.
BLACK SATIN HAND PAINTED FANS at sl, worth $2.
COLORED SATEEN FANS at 600., 65c., and 75c , worth 85c., $1 and Si 50.
Just received, anew line of LADIES’ BLACK LISLE THREAD HOSE at 50c.; worth 750,
ORIENTAL LACES at 15c., 25c., 35c. and 50c. a yard; WORTH DOUBLE THE PRICE.
DRY GOODS, ETC.
Mi & Dour’s,
B. F. McKenna & Cos.,
137 BROUGHTON STREET.
FIGURED BATISTE CLOTHS.
TITE will close out the remainder of our stock
ff of these tine goods, formerly sold at 18c.
a yard, now reduced to 12Vfcc.
25 pieces Figured Lawns, 33 inches wide, regu
lar price 12V£c. a yard; now B>£c.
75 pieces Figured Lawns, choice styles, at3V*c.
50 pieces Wide Width regular price
10c. a yard; now o^c.
One lot Crinkled Seersuckers, regular price
15c. and 17c. a yard; now 12V£c.
One lot of Dress Ginghams, choice styles,
regular price a yard; now 10c.
8B Imported Marseilles Quilts, slightly soiled,
formerly sold at $3. We will close the lot out
at $1 85 each.
Hosiery and Underwear.
100 dozen Unbleached Black and Colored Ifose,
regular price 12^c.; now 9c. a pair.
A mixed lot of Misses' Fine English Hose,
Ribbed, Plaiu and Silk Clocked, regular price of
these goods from 25c. to 50c. We will close the
lot, out at 17c. a pair.
50 dozen Ladies' Gauze Undervests, regular
prices 25c. and 85c.: now 19c. each.
35 dozen Ladies' extra tine quality Gajize Un
dervests, regular prices 50c., 65c., 75c. and 85c.
We will offer the lot at the extraordinary low
price of 47c. each.
Our $i Unliuindried Shirts Reduced !o 90c.
75 dozen Gentlemen's Unlaundried Shirts, re
inforced back and bosoms, th • best Si shirt,
manufactured. In order to reduce our largo
stock we will offer them at 90c. each.
CIIOIIAN & DOOM-!!.
WATCHES AND .JEWELRY.
THE CHEAPEST'*PLACE TO UUY"~ V
Such as DIAMONDS, FINE STERLING SIL
VERWAP.E, ELEGANT JEWELRY,
FRENCH CLOCKS, etc., is to be found at
A. L. Desbouillons,
21 BULL STREET,
the sole agent for the celebrated ROCKFORD
RAILROAD WATCHES, and who also
makes a specialty of
18-Karat Wedding Rings
AND THE FINEST WATCHES.
Anything you buy from him Ixeiug warranted
Opera Gliisses at Cost.
MERCHANTS, manufacturers, mechanics.
corporation., and all others in need of
printing, lithographing, and blank books can
have their orders promptly tilled, at moderate
prices, ai the MORNING NEWS PRINTINU
HOUSE. 3 Whitaker street.
Go to LaFar’s New Store
AND SEE HOW CHEAP HE SELLS
1 I AVE your measure take*
At the same time, and
LRY a set of his excellent , )£( .
Shirts made to order. , 7 ,’
WHILE THERE INSPECT HIS LINE OF
U NLAUNDRIED SHIRTS,
Monarch dress shirts,
1 >OSTON GARTERS SILK AND COTTON,
Rubber garments of all kinds.
Embroidered night shirts.
Linen iiandkep.chiefs at all prices.
Lisle thread underwear.
A fine assortment of scarfs.
OH AWL STRAPS AND HAND SATCHELS,
Anew line of HAMMOCKS, with PILLOWS
and SPREADERS, just in; also a lot of NEW
BATHING SUITS, at
L air ar’ s,
29 BULL STREET.
COTTON' SEED ANTED.
COTTON SEED WANTED
THE SOUTHERN COTTON OIL CO.,
HAS just constructed eight new Cotton Seed
Oil Mills, located at the following points,
each having the capacity per day indicated.
Columbia, S. C., - 100 Tons.
Savannah, Ga„ - - 100 “
Atlanta, Ga., - - 200 “
Montgomery, Ala., - 200 “
Memphis, Tenn., - 200 “
Little Rock, Ark., - 200 “
New Orleans, La., - 300 “
Houston, Texas, - 300 “
CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED. Address,
at nearest Mill,
Southern Cotton Oil Cos.
GRAIN AND II AY.
Ei i si em Hay.
PRIME BRIGHT OLD CROP
POTATOES. LEMONS, ONIONS,
CABBAGE, FEED AND SEED PEAS, VIR
GINIA BLACK EYE TABLE PEAS,
PEANUTS,GRAIN AND FEED, EYES, BRAN,
Get our carload prices on GRAIN and HAY.
169 BAY HT,
W. D. SIMKINS & CO.
DRUGS AND MEDICINE-.
Don’t Do It! Don't Do What:
YI7HY don’t walk our tony streets with that
> nice dress or suit of clothes on with Stains
or Grease Spots in, to which the Savannah dust
sticks “cl—r tlxau a brother," lien
Japanese Cleansing Cream
will take them out dean as anew pin. 85c. a
bottle. Made only by
J. R. HALTIWANGER,
At his Dim: Stores, Broughton and Dray to*
Wkiiaktu- aad Way*. almtA