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I ESTABLISHED 18AO. |
1 J. 11. ESTILL, Editor and Proprietor, f
HOME RULE INEVITABLE.
UNITED IRELAND URGES LAND
LORDS TO CONFESS IT.
ji Prediction that the Irish Parlia
ment will bo Opened in 1888—A
Round Table Conference Between
Gladstone. Parnell and Salisbury-
Dublin, Aug. IS. —United Ireland urges
the landlords to embrace their last chance,
and confess that home rule is inevitable. It
advises them to appoint a conunittoe to
meet Messrs. Gladstone. Parnell and Lord
Salisbury in a round table conference, and
submit to them suggestions re
garding their wishes and to
make the best of the situation.
The result will be, it says, the election, iu a
few weeks, of a Home Rule Housi of Com
mons and the opening ot' an Irish Parlia
luent in ISBB. If the landlords fraternized
with the National League, instead of scream
ing “suppress it,” they might still influence
the structure of the Home Rule party Par
liament which would follow.
THE GOVERNMENT GLUM.
London, Aug. IS.—William Henry Smith,
the government leader, did not refer to an
autumn session in the House of Commons
this afternoon, presumably because ho was
unwilling to show his hand at present.
The fact that the Cabinet has
decided to hold such a session, how
ever, is undeniable. Mr. Smith announced
that the government would abandon the
tithe rent charge bill, the technical educa
tion bill, the Irish constabulary bill and
other measures. He indicated the measures
that the government intended to proceed
with, winch included the land allotment
Sir William Vernon Harcourt expressed
himself satisfied with the list, of mils re
tained by the government. Ho noticed that
it did not mention coercion bill No. 2, and
he hoped that it had been dropped. [Cheers
from the Irish members.]
On the report of the land bill, Mr. Bal
four, Chief Secretary for Ireland, said that
the government accepted the House of
Lords’ amendment I elating to town parks.
It was the government’s duty to see that
justice was done to all classes. Tho House
ol Lords considered many of their amend
ments important. It was time the principle
of compromise was adopted.
Sir William Vernon Harcourt twitted
Sir. Balfour with ignorance of the subject,
saying that there was no tenant right in
town lands. He read letters in the Irish
Guardian showing the tenant-light side of
the question, ami said it was high time the
Irish demanded homo rule when they found
among their present rulers such ignorance
of the elementary principles upon which
they held land.
Timothy Hoalv ridiculed tho amendment.
Ho said that Irish towns were decreasing so
rapidly that it was mockery to call them
towns. A number of persons equal to the
population of Birmingham emigrated from
Ireland every year.
CHAMBERLAIN BLAMES THE GOVERNMENT.
Mr. Chamberlain blamed the government
for changing flout at the instigation of the
House of Lords. It was the House of Com
mons, he said, not the House of Girds, that
had to attend to the interests of the commu
nity. Those interests would best be served
bv the retention of the clause as it left the
llouse of Commons.
Mr. Balfour’s motion to accept the House
of Girds’ amendment was carried by a vote
of 208 to 184.
Mr. Heaiy moved an amendment
tc empower the court to fix
fair rents on town park
holdings, subject to the right of re-entry by
landlords for the purpose of building upon,
or otherwise improving such holdiugs. He
added that, although the government were
somewhat in a ’’fix.” they either objected
or unobjected to the fixing of fair rents for
BALFOUR OPPOSES IT.
Mr. Balfour opposed Mr. Ilealy’s amend
ment on tho ground that under the guise of
revision it would, by the application of
clause 8 of the land act, as suggested, give
practical peqietuity of tenure to those not
necessarily inhabitants of an ad jacent town,
thus in juring the town’s inhabitants.
Sir William Vernon Harcourt said that
the government was evidently being driven
from pillar to post. They had abandoned
one argument after another. The last
argument was the weakest of all.
Mr. Smith snirl that the amendment was
a mere revival in another form of the ques
tion just settled. lie thereupon moved
cloture, under which motion the amendment
negatived by a vote of 212 to 188.
On motion of Mr. Balfour three of the
House of Lords amendments wore rejected.
Mr. Gibson, Attorney General for Ireland,
moved that the House confirm Ear! Cado
fan’s amend.neat, which provides that re
vision of rents tie based upon the difference
in prices in 1887 as compared with prices
from 1881 to 1885.
PARNELL DECLARES IT TOO LATE.
Mr. Parnell said it was obviously too late
to discuss so important a question. Tho
amendment would deprive the bill of more
than half its value, Rather than accept
Mich, an illusory concession to tenants he
would prefer that the bill lie dropped alto
gether. [ParnolJite cheers.] Tho govern
ment could not justify themselves for flying
in the face of their own declarations and
the report of the Ct wpor Commission. Tne
fact was that tho government were moved
to Adopt the proposal hi the House of Lords
by the fact that certain Unionists had left
town, giving them a free band in
the lion r- of Commons. Such conduct was
contemptible. They might withdraw tho
whole bill if they liked, and leave the ten
ants to light the matter themselves. The
tenants would not get the worst of it. In
cause they were certain to get a G*tter bill
"i* hin h year. He warned the government
that their bill would break down.
The tenants were disappointed in
Parliament, and would look to other
methods of redress outaliL. the law and
constitution, which were, in the long run,
the only arguments Parliament ever recog
niz'd. [Gmd opposition cheers. I The gov
ernment had proved this repeatedly. He
hoped this would be the iasl occasion they
wnuid ever have power to afford such proof.
BALFOUR REBUKES PARNELL.
Mr. Balfour characterized Mr. Purnell's
reflections upon the Government’* motives
as unworthy of tho leader of any party. lie
Mud Hut !h ■ bill had got into such a imsf
ti"ii Unit they must either drop it entirely
or agree to the Cadogiui amendment. In
addition to other benefits, even Mr. Par
nell .admitted t.lmt tne amendment would
afford some reduction, yet professing to
Bleak in the tenants’ interests, be pretended
that bo would look with equanimity upon
the withdrawal of the bill, thus hiving him
tsrif open to the darkest suspicions. His
language would afford those anxious topro
jnoio disorder in Ireland the strongest justi
fication for their action. [Conservative
Mr. Smith moved cloture, which won car
ried bv a vote of 22-1 to 165. The Cudogan
amendment was then adopted by a vote of
215 to IUI.
On Mr. Balfour’s motion to adopt th-
Whi Jltffniitfl |fctojsl
remaining Lords’ amendments, the House
disagreed, and a committee was appointed
to draw up reasons for tho disagreement.
In the divisions on the Town Parks and
Cadogan amendments, Messrs. Chamberlain,
Pollings and five other Unionists voted
against tho Government.
THE LEAGUE TO BE PROCLAIMED.
London, Aug. 19, 4 a. m. —Tho Daili /
Aries understands that the government de
cided yesterday to proclaim the National
The .Vries this morning says that the Mar
quis of llartington and Mr. Chamberlain
jointly advised the government that it
would bo impolitic to proclaim the league
till the effect of the new land bill was seen.
It also says: “It is difficult to exaggerate
the significance of Mr. Parnell’s speech.
This government of wiseacres has seldom
floundered into a more desperately false
The Telegraph sees no reason to modify
its original opinion that the House of Lords’
amendments were a deplorable error in tac
tics. They iiatl now led to dissension among
the Unionists, winch would probably be in
creased when the government should pro
claim the leagup. It was greatly to be re
gretted that tho government had hastened
such a calamity.
The Chronicle says: “It would be as
easy to make an empty sack stand up
straight as to support the government’s
chameleon-like policy. A plague on both
your houses, is the natural verdict of the
English mid Scotch Unionists.”
COULDN’T TOAST THE QUEEN.
Cork, Aug. 18. Davitt and the
Archbishop of Cashel promised to attend
the opening of the Piscatorial School at
Baltimore, county Cork, to-day, hut Mr.
Davitt. learning that the Queen was to be
toasted, absented himself. The Archbishop
was present, and joined in the toast to the
TAXATION IN FRANCE.
Premier Rouvier Speaks of the Civil
Affairs of the Country.
Paris, Aug. 18. —Premier Rouvier pre
sided at a banquet given by the mercantile
community this evening. Ministers Fal
lieres, Herenia and Barbey were among the
guests. The Premier, in a speech,
reviewed the work of the Par
liamentary session, and spoke about
the projected legislation, mentioning in par
ticular the scheme for bettor distribution of
the burden of taxation. He declared that
the government had adhered to its promise
to effect a balance in the budget without
having recourse to new taxes. He said the
government was considering the question
of the sale of spirituous liquors and would
endeavor to reduce taxation thereon. Tile
Premier expressed himself as willing to ac
cept the co-operation of the rigtit within
due limits. He deprecated any brusque
movements in the direction of the separa
tiou of the church and State. He repeated
his statement tiiat if 200 Republicans voted
against the Government, the Cabinet would
resign. The speech was conciliatory, and
Opportunist in character. There was no
reference to foreign affairs. The Radical
papers will probably be unsparing in in
vectives against the speech. There were
strong detachments of (Kilice stationed
around the banquet hall, in expectation of
disorders, but nene occurred.
ENGLAND BACKS FERDINAND.
The Standard Warns Him That He
Must Show No Fear.
London, Aug. 18. —The Standard sup
ports Prince Ferdinand, and reminds him
that the smallest symptom of hesitation or
fear will be fatal. If he continues in his
present course, says the Standard, he may
ignore Russia and count on the warmest
sympathy of tho people of England, Aus
tria, Italy and Germany, though the gov
ernments of those countries may bo com
pelled to act circumspectly.
THE NORTH GERMAN GAZETTE INDORSED.
St. Petersburg, Aug. 18.—The Journal
de St. Petersburg says the view taken by
the North German Gazette of Prince Ferdi
nand’s manifesto is clear and correct, and
declares the proclamation to be a veritable
act of defiance, and an exhortation to the
Bulgarians to evade all their engagements.
Prince Ferdinand, it says, appears to have
realized that his rupture with public rights
is complete, and continues precipitately and
blindly in his path of adventure.
The Moscow Gazette urges the Russian
Government to act with vigor in regard to
Bulgaria. The acceptance of Bulgaria
is needless an vet, it says, but Tur
key should be held responsible for any vio
lation of the Berlin treaty, and threatened
with the occupation of Trebizonde and Er
zoroum unless order be restored in Bul
CHOLERA NOT CONQUERED
Semi-Official Claims Disproven by
Rome, Aug. 18. —It issemi-offieialiy stated
that the cholera in Sicily has been over
come, and that there is no longer any dan
ger of the disease spreading at Naples or
In Catania City to-day there were 19 now
cases of cholera and 5 deaths, and in Pa
lermo 25 cases and 18 deaths. Suspicious
cases of choleraic disease have been reported
iu this city.
London, Aug. 18.—At Malta during the
past twenty-four hours there were six new
cases of cholera and 10 deaths.
London, Aug. 18.—The damage caused
by yesterday's storm is very severe. In
London three persons were killed, and a
numlier of t liurclies and houses were struck
by lightning. In the country also there was
much destruction of property, nnd many
persons ure reported to have been killed.
Ferron Goes to tho Alps.
Paris. Aug. 18. —Gen. Ferron. Minister
of War, has gone to the Alps to establish
definitely the defenses of t|io southeastern
frontier and to organize anew Alpine corps.
The Jovrnn’ Jen Dehats says that Geu.
Perron's mobilization experiment is fixed
for Sept. 1.
Lord and Lady Churchill.
London, Aug. 18.—The Vienna corre
spondent of the Times confirms the state
ment that Lord and Lady Randolph
Churchill ore living in retirement near
Three Men Slash Each Other.
Knoxville, Tenn.. /Vug. 18.—A bloody
affray took place at Coal Creek last night,
between Davis Adkins and John Malialley,
and his young brother Ben. Knives were
used, and all the parties were frightfully
cut. Ben Mnhuffey died this morning, and
his brother is not expected to live. Adkins
is under arrest.
Rrof. Fowler Dead.
Poughkeepsie. N. Y.. Aug. IS.—Prof
O. E. Fowler, tho noted phrenologist and
lecturer, died at hi* residence near Sharon
Station, Conn., this morning,after an illness
of only thirty, hours of spinal trouble, su
• " Viced by a heavy cold.
SAVANNAH, GA., FRIDAY, AUGUST 19, 1887.
RAILROADS BEWITCHED. |
DISASTERS SEEM EPIDEMIC ALL
OVER THE COUNTRY.
The Fireman of the Ensino in the
Washington Crash Says the Train
Was Uncontrollable—Cattle Horribly
Crushed in Illinois—The Coroner’s
Jury at Chatsworth Blames the Sec
Washington, Aug. 18.— Coroner Patter
son held an inquest to-day into the case of
the death of the engineer killed yesterday
morning on the Baltimore and Ohio “Y.”
The testimony shows that the engineer did
all in his power to stop the train. When he
found that the air brakes had failed he sig
naled for the ordinary brakes and applied
the extra steam brake on the en
gine, which is used in emergencies.
Tiie locomotive wheels were sliding
when the train approached the “Y,” and
the brakes on the coaches were set solid
against the wheels. All the train hands,
including the porters of the sloepors, were
on the platforms trying to stop the train,
but the time was too short for the hand
brakes to act effectively. The jury in its
verdict expresses the opinion that this ac
cident and others that have occurred at
this point is due to tho very great
rapidity with which trains habitually
enter the city, and especially in rounding
this curve, which the company must know
to be dangerous.
THE FIREMAN’S STATEMENT.
The injured are probably on the road to
recovery. Fireman James W. Smitn, who
lies at the Providence Hospital, badly in
jured, lias made the following statement in
regard to the accident: “The train readied
Queenstown, a mile and a half from
Washington all right. The air braises
were tested and worked without
any apparent trouble. We left Queens
town about ten minutes late, and 1 think
that the engineer tried to make up lost time.
As soon as we got under headway I noticed
th train take a sudden jump, and then be
gin to make fast time. The engineer called
to me that the air-brakes would not work,
and I could tell by his face that
he was troubled about it. Ho again
told me that he could not stop
the train or even slow up, and I told him I
would try and work the hand brukes. I
succeeded in getting one brake to work, and
started to try another. The speed of the
train kept me from walking over the car.
The force of tho train made a regular hurri
cane on top of the cars, and I could not
hold my feet. I was compelled to almost
hug the brake to keep my posi
tion on the train. I coiild not
even jump off, so fast was the train going.
The engineer stood at his post doing his best
to slacken the train. I saw the engine leave
the track before I was thrown to the
ground. It seemed that the train was going
nearly tSO miles an hour. It Was completely
unmanageable. It was a runaway train. 1
never went so fast in my life.”
The Coroner’s Jury Places Most of the
Blame on Foreman Coughlin.
Chicago, Aug. 18.—A special to the News
from Chatsworth says: “The Coroner's
jury agreed on a verdict this morning which
holds Timothy Coughlin, foreman of sec
tion 7, for the grand jtiry, and negatively
exonerates the company. The management
is not censured for running a double-header,
for its system of track inspection, or
for anything else. The verdict simply says
that failure to patrol the track for six hours
before the train came, and the hubit of
burning grass close to tho track is a subject
for criticism. Three or four friends of the
road on the jury had better staying quali
ties than two or three of those who wanted
to fix a portion of the blame on the man
Coughlin was promptly arrested and will
lie taken to Pontiac county, the seat of
Livingston county, at once. He says he
cannot give bail and will have to go to jail.
He insists that tiie verdict is unjust, that tie
went over his entire section as ordered, and
that no fires were built near the bridge.
The jury made out separate verdicts tor
each of the victims.
Another victim of the wreck died this
morning at Fanbury. His name was Etton
Waters, of Cattaraugus, N. Y. Until
within a few days of the accident he was
employed at Peoria. This makes the total
number of verified deaths 79.
A TRAIN JUMPS THE TRACK.
One Person Killed, and Three Seriously
Chicago, 111., Aug. 18.—When the train
from Pittsburg to Chicago, on the Fort
Wayne road, reached Alliance, 0., this
morning, it was found that the Fort Wuyne
road was obstructed by a freight wreck
some miles east of Alliance, and the
train was ordered around by tho
Cleveland and Pittsburg road." The
train was made up of three
baggage and express cars, one smoker, one
passenger coach, two Chicago sleepers nnd
a Toledo Sleeping car. which was attached
to the rear of the train. After leaving
Alliance the train was proceeding thirty
miles an hour. As it swung around a sharp
curve near Bayard the rails spread ami the
Toledo sleeper was derailed, falling on its
side. The two Chicago sleepers also jumped
the track, but after running nearly 300 yards
they were pulled on again and escaped
injury. When tno crash cainc. a sleeping
car porter ran to the forward platform anil
jumped, but got. off on the wiring side of
the car and when it fell over on
its side was buried under it
and killed. Fortunately there
were only throe passengers and a flug
man on the sleeper, and in tho meantime
they wore being tossed about the car like
balk AH were seriously hurt—two may
die. The passengers in the other sleep
ers were badly shaken up, but sus
tained no serious injury.
A Heinous Attempt to Wreck a Train
Frustrated in Illinois.
Chicago, Aug. 18. - An attempt was made
last night, near Belvidore, 111., to wreck a
passenger train on the Northwestern rail
road. Person* living in the vicinity heard
strange noises near the track, and U|*>n
going to the scene eaughj. n view of
two men hurrying away. A train eani“
along at this moment, and was nearly de
railed by a huge stone that had been placed
between the rails. The cowcatcher wus
smashed, but no otbor damage was done.
Fifty passengers were aboard tho train.
LIVE STOCK CRUSHED,
Two Trains Collide and Cattle Buffer
Chicago. Aug 18.—N<*or Niperville, 111.,
two Chicago. Burlington aud Quincy live
stock trains collided iu a fog, this morning,
making a fearful wreck. One of the engines
~tawed throne'll three ears loaded with fat.
steers for Chicago, nnd tho huge beasts,
almost without exception, were killed. A
car on the other train was completely tele
scoped by tho tender and a great number of
big porkers wore crushed to a jelly. One
of the engineers was seriously hut not fami
A Run Off at tho Terminus.
Woonsocket, R. 1., Aug. 18.— As the
“rawhide” freight on the Milford branch of
the Boston and A1 bail}' railroad, due at Mil
ford at midnight, was approaching the
terminus of the rails in Milford. Mass., the
brakes did not work. The end of the rails
was cleared and a dash made into a meadow,
where the locomotive sunk deep into the
earth. The engineer was thrown from the
cab and seriously injured. One brakenian
had both legs broken.
The President Authorizes the Employ
ment of Counsel.
San Francisco, Aug. 18. President
Cleveland telegraphed to Chairman Pater
son this morning authorizing the Pacific
Railway Commission tjo use their own dis
cretion in the matter of employing counsel
in th(< contest against the officials of the
Central Pacific railroad in the United States
Circuit Court here. The question before
the Court is whether the commission had not
power to compel Senator Stanford to explain
what #2,(XX1,000 of unexplained vouchers
was expended for, and whether it was to
influence State or National legislation. Mr.
Stanford’s counsel sets up the defense that
the Central Pacific is a California State cor
poration, and that Congress has no authority
to order it to lie investigated. He also
claims that the law creating the commission,
und defining its duties and powers, is un
constitutional. Justice Field, of the United
[States Supreme Court, sita as a member of
the court before wldcii the hearing is had.
Chairman Paterson left to-day for Phila
delphia The work of the Commission is
practically ended, but Commissioners An
derson anil Little will stay here till Satur
day. Should the United States
Circuit Court decide that Senator
Stanford and others must answer questions
in regard to the expenditure of the funds
for tho purpose of influencing legislate in,
the commission will return again to Sun
Francisco, und resume the taking of testi
SOURED ON SOCIALISTS.
The United Labor Party Gives Them
Cold Comfort at Syracuse.
Syracuse, N. Y., Aug. 18.—The United
Labor Convention assembled at 10:30 o’clock
this morning, and tho Committee on Cre
dentials made its report. The committee
had been in session all night, and had had
a lively time. In almost all cases they re
ported in favor of the sitting delegates. This
shows that the Socialist clement was re
reived with little favor by the committee. The
Socialist members of the committee sub
mitted a long minority report, in which
they favored tlio seating of th" contesting
delegates. Speeches were limited to five
minutes, and a lively debate fol
lowed. By 1 o'clock about all the
members had spoken, and the convention
took a recess until 3 o’clock. Upon reas
sembling there was another long and acri
monious debate,* which was ended by the
adoption of the majority report. The Com
mittee on Permanent Organization then re
ported John McMaokin, of New York, for
President, and other officers. After a jangle
the report was adopted.
The Secretary of the Navy Appoints
a Board of Officers.
Washington, Aug. 18.— In tho present
naval appropriation bill is a clause appropri
ating $100,000,000 for floating batteries,
or rains, and other naval structures to bo
used for coast defense, with a qualifying
provision to tho effect that the
final cost of the structures shall not
exceed #2,000,000 exclusive of the armament.
To give effect to tho clause the Secretary of
the Navy has appointed the following hoard
of naval officers, which is to meet at the
Navy Department on the call of the Presi
dent of the board not later than Sept. 5
next: Capt. Pythian, Constructor Hioh
born, Lieut. Com. Converse, Passed As
sistant Engineer Mattioe, Assistant Con
structor Bowles nnd Assistant Constructor
Nixon as Recorder.
DEATH IN AN ELEVATOR.
A Plunge from a Third Story to the
New York, Aug. 18.— Early this morn
ing, at G. Seidenberg & Co.’s establishment,
on Mercer street, John O’Neill, an elevator
boy, stinted to take a number of employes
to the upper (loorx. About eighteen female
hands got aboard. When the elevator
reached the third floor it begun to descend.
All O’Neill’s (fforts to stop the car were
unavailing. The safety cushion failed to
work and the car crashed to the basement.
Several passengers had fainted. One
woman, Mrs. Jane Lynch, aged 55 years,
was dead. Hor body was frightfully man
gled. O’Neill sustained a fracture of the
spine and w ill die. Lizzie Dougherty had
her right leg broken. Several others were
more or less injured.
STOLE TO GET UP A REVIVAL.
The Proceeds of tho Sale of a Cow
Devoted to Saving Souls.
Chicago, Aug. 18. —A Nashville, Tenn.,
special to the Times says: “A strange ease
is reported from the Hermitage district of
this county. Richard Hunt, a coloreed
preacher, Ims built m> a little congregation
uml established a small church. He wanted
to hold a revival, but the slight expense at
tached to lights, etc,, cou id not. 100 met. Ho
stole a cow from one of his neighbors,
brought it to Nashville nnd sold it (or sls,
wont back and started hi* revival. Ho had
secured fifteen converts,and six more prom
ising mourners were on the anxiou; scat,
when a constable came along, closed up the
revival and brought Hunt to Nashville,
where he L now in jail.”
JEWELERS OUT OF JINGLE.
One of Chicago's Oldest Firms Goes
to the Wall.
Chicago, Aug. 18. — The jewelry firm of
H. Matson & Cos., corner of State and Mon
roe streets, one of the oldest .and best known
in tho city, failed this afternoon for #148,-
000. Their principal creditors nra tho First
National Bank of Chicago, the Garfield Na
tional Bank of New Yarn city, the Gorham
Manufacturing Company and E. K. Hol
brook. Confessions of judgment in favor of
each were entered this afternoon. The
First National of Chicago is a creditor for
#25,250; tho Garfield bank, of Now York
City, for $25,835: the Oorhuin Manufactur
ing company for #37,255, aud E. b. Hol
brook for #20,304.
Hanlon Start* for Australia.
Toronto, Aug 18.—Hanlon left here
this afternoon for Han Francisco, en route
to Australia. A number of friends were at
the station hi wi '8 b'm tom vove'C
FOLLOWERS OF THE PLOW
THE NEEDS OF AGRICULTURE
Credit the Worst Enemy of the South
ern Farmer - Planters Must Become
Independent of Negro Help—A Per
manent Organization Perfected—
Tariff Talk Avoided.
Atlanta, Aug. 18. —There was a larger
attendance at the Farmer’s Convention to
day, especially of delegates and ladies, than
on any previous day of the meeting. The
convention was called to order promptly,
with the President in the chair.
Prayer was offered by Rev. W. R. Branham
after which the minutes of yesterday’s meet
ing were rend and approved.
The unfinished business occupied only a
short time, and the reports from the stand
ing committees wore brief and quickly dis
At 8:30 o’clock a paper on “The Causes of
tho Depressed Condition of Agriculture and
tho Remedies,” by Hon. Samuel Burnett, of
Georgia, Chairman of the Report and Pro
gramme Committee, was rend by Col. T.
Howard. The paper was received with ap
plause bv tho funnels, who regretted that
Major Barnett was prevented by illness
from being present.
CREDIT’S DISASTROUS EFFECTS.
Col. John Diamond, of Louisiana, then de
livered an address on “Credit, Its Relation
at Present on Agriculture.” Hesaid, among
other things: “Whence comes this new
slavery. Look for it in the title of this ad
dress. In Southern agriculture, credit lias
been tlie most insidious agent that could
have been well devised. The fact that
each locality has but one dominant crop
leads to excessive risk. Opportunities to
get credit induce us to go in debt, when we
don't need what we buy, and tho very mar
row of our lives is sucked out, and finally
we die, or the sheriff liquidates our estates
and the ona comes. The worst, result of credit
to the farmer occurs here in the South.
For illustration: The Southern planter
has a plantation which he has not money to
cultivate. He goes to a factor and pledges
to him his crop, a crop that is not planted,
and procures funds with which to proceed
with his culture. What sort of man is this
factor, that accents surety that does not
exist, that is subject to vicissitudes and
changes of the weather.”
NECKS IN THE NOOSE.
In conclusion Col. Diamond said: “May
we not lie too willing to keep our necks in
the noose of the money king, hoping always
for uniform good fortune, and that our
occasional good fortune will save us? This
is a most serious question, nnd we
should consider it for those who
follow us as well as for ourselves. This
credit made easy, leads us into too large n
culture and into reckless culture. Repeal
the crop lien laws, let the farmer dispose of
his own crop,to wiiom and where he chooses,
and let him (ifty his debts in tho ordinary
course as other men do. If he fails to pay
let him be prosecuted as other men are pros
eeutod, by due process of law suit, judg
ment and its executions, and not by per
emptory seizure of his crops as now.
WHAT WILL FOLLOW.
When this shall l>e done a conservative
man can get all tho credit he wants, as
character always tails and capital knows
how to trust. The reckless man will get no
credit, and the losses made on him will no
longer need to be assessed upon the whole
community. Then shall the new South
arise in all her strength and show
to the world that wealth of resources, the
magnificence of which is beyond our
Col. Fish back, of Arkansas, was the next
speaker, and gave one of the most interest
ing addresses yet delivered before the con
vention. His subject was Labor, in its Rela
tion 8> ttte Present Condition of Agriculture.
Col. Fishback proved tiiat it was necessary
for farmers to be independent of
negro help aud that they should
teach their sons to work, and instead of
having boys sitting around corner grocery
stores discussing reasons for negroes not
working, have them at work, and if they
don’t work, discuss the subject with them. Iu
conclusion, hesaid “he did not approve of the
average lioy in the city who," he said, “was
spoiled by too many fast women, too many
barrooms (Atlanta excepted), too many bil
liard and pool tables, too many circuses, ana
too many cigarettes.”
* EXTENSIVE AND INTENSIVE FARMING.
The next subject discussed was “Extensive
and Intensive Farming”by Col. R. G. Fair
banks of Florida. His speech concluded the
programme of the morning, although sov
eral short and interesting addresses were
made afterward by the various delegates.
The most important committee appointed
this morning was that to “edit tho doings of
the convention while it is in session in At
lanta.” This committee was composed of
Col. Henderson, R. J. Redding and W. 8.
An invitation was received from Her
man’s plow works, asking the members of
tlie Convention to call and tlio works
before leaving the city.
The afternoon session was opened wifch an
address on “Diversity of Crops as Pro
motive of Agricultural Prosperity,” by
Cant, Sam Evans, of Texas.
The Convention then again gave consid
eration to miscellaneous business.
THE PERMANENT ORGANIZATION.
Before the convention adjourned it took
important aetton on two questions. The
fli-.it was as to permanent organization.
Hou. L. L. Polk, of North Carolina, re
jsirted a constitution arid by-laws, which
were adopted. The I sidy is to is*
known as the Interstate Farmers
Association. Tho next meeting is to lie
held at Ituieigh, N. C. The following perma
nent officers were elected:
President—L. L. Polk, of North Carolina.
Vice Prcsidout-at-Large—F. M. Fishback,
Hccre'ury owl Treasurer —D. F. Hester, of
North < Carolina.
Vice Presidents— K. M. McCoy, of North
Carolina; R. K. Melver, of Mouth Carolina;
G. R. Fairbanks, of Florida; A. T. Mcln
tyre, of Georgia; R. K. Kolb, of Alabama;
M. N Burke, of Mississippi; John Diamond,
of i/iuislami; 1.. T. Featherstone, of Arkan
sas. J. A. Ruinsey, of Texas.
ExecutiveConimiitae—R. E. Parker, of
North Carolina: O. I’. Mills,of South Caro
lina; W. R. wettbriuger, of Florida; it. K.
Crittenden, of Georgia: A. N. H. Anderson,
of Aiabuma;C. H. Robinson, of Mississippi;
J. C. Bearsley, B. I>. Williams,
of Arkansas; T. G. Cansley, of Texas.
TARIFF ISSUES AVOIDED.
Tim second question arose from the intro
duction of the following resolution by Mr.
Barber of Arkansas:
tViiP.nKA*. The agricultural interest* of our
country are in a depressed condition, ns shown
by re ports from every section of the tan cotton
Htalei here Asseinll" 1; und,
Wmeukas, We Is'lieve that this depression Is
cause 1, Jo great measure, by a protective tariff;
Jlerjlned. That we urge upon Congress, and
especially upon the beiiiesentattieK from our
respective Hlates. revision of tho tariff: that it
t*> made to tax only th'- luxuries of life, and
then only for the pur[*e and to the extent of
This resolution was tabled bv s vote of M 7
to 3t’>, many members declaring that polities
should not lie introduced into the conven
The convention has adjourned sine die.
The convention attended the Governor’s re
<•option at the Mansion to-night, going from
the Kimlmll House in a body. The dele
gates will leave at 7:50 o’chx k in the morn
ing on the State rood for Chattanooga and
Lookout Mountain in a s]>eolal ear.
A Yacht man Anxious to Try Conclu
sions with a Savannah Boat.
Jacksonville, Fla., Aug. 18.—The
Clyde steamship Cherokee left this after
noon for New York with the largest cargo
ever taken from Jacksonville. Her passen
ger list was crowded witli the best people of
the city en route North* Senator Pasco re
turned to-day from New England when* he
went to visit his sick mother. He reports
her recovered. ,
To-day Sheriff Hernandez, of St. Angus
tine, came over to identify the negro con
fined in the county jail. The Sheriff dis
covered that the prisoner was Bahama
Green, a notorious crook, who had escajied
from St. Augustine jail, ami consequently
took him buck.
A sensational story is published in this
evening’s Metropolis! about an alleged ghost
seen in the Everett Hotel. Several young
men will investigate the matter, as it is
lielieved robbers are at work in the interior.
This evening the Fernandina base ball
eluh passed through Jacksonville en route
for Orlando, to play a rubber to morrow
with Orlando for the championship bat.
Word has just been received hero that
the dead body of a negro named Ixiuis
Napoleon was found under a log cabin in
the woods, near Sweetwater station, on
the Jacksonville and St. Augustine railroad,
to-day. The negro laid crawled under the
house and had pried o|>en a plank and
thrust bis bend through, when the plank
suddenly sprang back and caught bint on
the neck, strangling him. The hotly, when
found, was much decomposed.
The all-absorbing topic here now is the
yacht race Itetween M. L. Hurtridgo's yacht
Cheemaun ami Cant. Warner’s Mischief,
which comes off at Fernandina on Aug. HO
for |f>oo a side, over a twenty-mile inside
course. In conversation with the News
corresiomlent to-night Mr. Hurtriclge re
marked that ho would like to try Savan
nah’s (track yacht, the Naomi, in the con
test, also. Ho is willing to race the Naomi
with the Cheemaun for the same amount on
the same course if Mr. Warner objects.
Dr. Kenan’s Latest Bill Not Well Re
ceived by the People.
Mn.LKrxiKVILLE, Ga., Aug. 17. —Dr. Ke
nan, Representative (Independent) from
this circuit, seems disposed to ignore the
wishes of all the right-thinking people of
Baldwin. Ho has introduced another bill
which, if carried, will throw the affairs of
our county into utter confusion and donior
ilization, and inevitably be the cause, either
directly or indirectly, of sudden litigation,
and disturb the quiet of the county, which
has existed since prohibition went into ef
fect. His bill is to establish what he calls a
a “Board of County Commissioners for
Roads and Revenue,” but the provision of
his hill is to give that board almost unlim
ited (towers. His Hoard of five Commission
ers is to bo elected by a popular veto, and
as the county has more than twice ns many
negroes us whites, it will evidently Is l at the
mercy of the negroes. In electing the board
it provides that no registration snnll l>e re
quilt'd, and thus some six or seven hundred
defaulting tax-payers who could not vote
for anti-prohibition, and mostly negroes,
eon vote in electing this board. In spite of
the prohibition act that has proven so Itene
flcial, this new Itoard will have the privilege
of granting liquor license. Another pro
vision is that, none can be on that board ex
cept those who resided in the Htnte ton
years. Thus any young man just of age or
some worthless negro may be elected to the
exclusion of someone who has the interest,
of the county at heart. The bill also pro
vides that, three of the five shall ho a quo
rum to pass any act they please, for their
powers are very large, ami thus three men
may hold the destinies of the county in their
Ho odious is this bill, to the better class nf
people in the county, that a delegation wos
sent to Atlanta lust week to present U> the
iagislature a petition signed by about 800
or jOO white freeholders Legging not to puss
this bill. The matter was argued, hut
Kenem was allowed time to got up a couu
SOHOOL GIRLS WAYLAID.
Two Negroea the Culprits -Two Blacks
Have a Fight.
Columbus, (Ja., Aug. 18. —Two negro
hoys met two young white girls going to
school, on tho road near Ellornlic, in Harris
county, nml rubied them of their school
Issiks and dinner baskets. They then
frightened the girls,who ran iuto the wood*
for safety. The negroes hearing somebody
approaching <srcapel 1. The citizens of that
section are thoroughly aroused, and are
making every effort to capture the negroes.
John Griffin, night watchman Ht the Cos
lumhus Iron Works, was run over by a
hack to-night and badly Injuns!.
William Dorsey and Alexander K*yi
driek (ixith colored) liu/i a fight last night
on Hixtii strict, in wliich tlie latter was cut
seriously witii n knife. The troiilile grew
out of attention Kindrirk had lieon paying
Dorsey’s .wife. Both nogm-s were bound
over to appear at the next term of court.
Kindrick and Dorsey's wife were also put
under bond for adultery.
Judge Hall’s Case Hopeless.
Atlanta, Ga. ( Aug. 18.—A telegram re
ceived from Asheville this afternoon stated
that Judge Samuel Hull's condition was a
trifle Is-tber, but lio bojie was entertained
for his recovery. Paralysis has involved his
right side and vocal organs, and he cannot
Muster Rolls Received.
Atlanta, (Ja., Aug. 18.—Tlie Adjutant
General hits received from Washington
tho complete muster roll of the I.
Georgia regiment. The Colonels are F. 8,
Bartow, 8. M. Farrar, J. K. Towers, and the
S'xtli (ioorgia regiment Colonels are A. H.
Colquitt and J. T. Isifton
The Altamaha Very High.
Baxley, (Ja , Aug 18.—The Altamaha,
from reports, is higher than was over
known, but the News correspondent hears
of no rbunage to .irops, in fact there is very
little farming interests on the Altanuiha
Sharp Has Two Obills.
New York, Aug. 18. —Jacob Sharp had
two violent chilis this morning. Three
physicians and alt his family were sum
moned to his bedside.
At 1 :8U o'clock when the doctors arrived
ut tlie jail, tho chili had passed, but he wn .
weak an<l exhausted. The physicians said
that ho was in no immediate danger, hut
that he must be closely watched. He is un
able to lift hiruiself without help, and lies
most of the time unconscious, andseeius to
he in advnu: condition.
I PRICK ftlO A YEAR. I
1 a enn a copy, f
SEIZURE OF THE SEALERS
OVER SIOO,OOO WORTH OF PROP*
The Captain of One of the Vessels Ac
cidentally Killed by the Discharge
of a Gun Six More Vessels Expected
to Fall into the Clutches of the Cut
Han Francisco, Aug. 18.—The steamer
St. Paul which arrived here from Behring
sea to-day, brought additional details of the
seizure of the British and American sealing
schooner* by the revenue cutter Rush. Be
sides the vessels mentioned l>y Capt. Shep
pard in his official report to the Treasury
Department, he also seized, July
25, the American schooner Lilly
S. with 107 skins; Aug. 5,
the American schooner Angel Dolly. 178
skins; Ang. 7, tin* American schooner Ann,
880 skins; Aug. 7, the British schooner Kilo,
.’WO skins; and Aug. 7, the British schooner,
Alfred Adams, 1,400 skins. Four hundred
and forty-three sealskins, which were land
ed by Britisli Imttoms at the warehouse of
Lyndo & Hough, on Popoff Island, were
VALUE Of THE SEIZURES.
It is estimated that the aggregate value
of all the schooners, their cargoes and out
fits seized by the Rush Itetween July 0 and
Aug. 7 is not much below 1100,000, and the
figures is plait'd much higher by good uu
thoritios Just Iteforc the Angel Dolly was
seized, her Captain, Alfred N. Tunis, was
killed by the accidental discharge of
a ritle which lie was dragging
across the deck. A seizure of 400 skins was
made on one of the islands of Ounalaska,
while fhe season was at its height. Ai ling
on private information, a force of men
was sent from the Kush, and un
earthed skins which had been secured by
the British schooner Lottie Fairfield. The
Rush was under orders to leave for rue
Pribilor Islands at once. When the St.
Paul started for Han Francisco reports
were received that six or eight schooners
were hovering about the islands killing
seals at every opportunity, uml defying tho
employes of the Alaska Commercial Com
pany. The Rush was expected to gather
these vessels in, and semi them to Hitka
FEARS FOR A REVENUE CUTTER.
Hr. Paul, Aug. 18.—It is reported that
great fears arc expressed in Ounalaska for
the safety of tho United Htates revenue cut
ter Bear, commanded by Capt. Mackiy.
Hi> was leaky when she started northward}
but, her Cuptain expected to beach her for
repairs. Hhc sailed June 20 and had not
been heard from up to Aug. H.
The Indians Well Aware That It Is a
Fight to the Death.
Denver, Aug. 18.—A special to the New*
from Glcnwood Hprings says: “The News'
speciul Norther Courier bos learned exclu
sively that the White Iliver Ute Indians
have sent runners to tho Uncoinpahgrea
camp, Blaokfoot, Sioux, Crow and other
tribes in Colorado, Wyoming, Montana and
Idaho for aid. Colornw knows he must fight,
that this will Is* a decisive battle and that it
will end the Indian question forever. He
has determined, it is said, to have other
trilies brought into the present difficulty
and while the outbreak has been local so
far, he wants to make it a national one.
Tile runners uro reported to have started to
the canqis of other tribes from Yellow
Jacket Pass Hi v day night. Duncan Blair,
a white ranchman, who married a Ute, and
who is said to bo popular with tho IJtes. is
alleged to have stated this to be a fact”
MICEKKH UNDER OUAKD.
Rawlings, Wyo., Aug. 18.—The mail
coach that arrived to-night was escorted out
fifteen miles from Meeker by a heavy guard.
Late advices from that point state
that tho town is being guarded
night nnd day hy a force of armed)
men. A conference was held with tho
Indians Tuesday morning, hut nothing defi
nite was determined. Badness mini anil
large property holders declare that there Is
no Indian war. Tlie militia were exjieeted'
to arrive at Meeker this morning. They
will iierhapu try to drive the Indians from
the State, when the war will begin IB
A FIOIIT TO THE DEATH.
Everything points to the fact that Colo
row, having dug up the hatchet, the Utos
must now unit forever be driven
out. Three companies of cavalry
would be sufficient to take ail
the Indians out of the State if the tight
is forced. Tlie settlements on Bear
and Snake river will no doubt
bo destroyed, and many people killed,
as tiro State militia and n few volunteers
will be no match for the Indians. Every
thing in Northwestern Colorado is all ex
citement. Tlie people are leaving their
homes and crops for places of safety, while
tho Indians are rocsiring reinforcements
from the Uintah and Uneompahgrej*
agencies. The outlook is anything be?
MEXICO'S STRIKE ENDED.
Military and Guards Preserving Order
Along tho Line.
Denver, Aug. 18.—An El Paso special to
the Time* from the City of Mexico, says:
“The strike has collapsed on this end of the
road. All passenger and freight trains
aro running with their usual regular
ity between Mexico and Calera,
and the business of the road is resumed.
The striker’s at Han Juan do) Bio endeav
ored to tanifier with the track and to intirn
dute tiro engineers. They are being looked
after by the authorities of that place. Rural
guards lmve 'sien located at all
terminal points as far north as Jimuloo,
and a company of the Fifteenth regiment
will Is; stationed at Jirninez to quell any in
terference at that point. No more trouble
Washington, Aug. 18.—The invitation
of the city of Augusta, (ta., to President
Cleveland to visit that city on his Journey
to Atlanta, was received at the White
House to-day. Out of defem** to the fre
quently expressed wish of the President,
that xtich invitations be conveyed in uninu
other manner than by a personal visit of
delegations, the Augusta invitation reached
the President by express. It is iui elegant
specimen of ornamental manuscript.
A Meeting of the Cabinet.
Washington, Aug. 18. —The President
came into the city tins morning from Oak-
I view and spent the day at the White House.
A meeting of the Cabinet was held at the
usual hour, but the only members present
were Secretaries Bayard and Fairchild. The
Canadian fisheries and financial situation
were the principal question* considered.
Two New Fever Cases.
Key Win, Aug. 18.—Two new cases of
yellow fever have Ixmiu reported by the
Vsnird of Health since yesterday and oue
death, an infant.