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THE TARIFF AND THE FARMER.
$ 1*2,000,000 Tax Collected by the Gov
ernment on Woolen Dress Goods
Mr. J. S. Moore contributes to the New
York Times another of liis interesting ia
pers on the peculiar hardships inflicted bj
tariff taxation on the farmers and other
Consumers of necessaries of living:
When this i* before the readers of your
influential journal the eentounia! of the
promulgation of the constitution of the
United States will have, as it deserves, a
lilting jubilee in Philadelphia. Well mav
the tiO.UJO.OOO American citizens rejoice that
for a whole century this greatest achieve
ment of the giant statesmen, philosophers
and philanthropists of the eighteenth cen
tury has been the foundation of America’s
present greatness and prosperity Well may
all evil-doers, Anarchists, and others of
similar kind, take warning that if they can
not live and be happy under such a consti
tution they o/i ly have thr-e alternatives:
First, not to "dwell in this free land;
second, to die sjieedily a voluntary death; j
third, to revolt against it and take the con-
sequences. I feel sure that l only express
the sentiment of at least ninet y-nine out of
everv hundred of my fellow-citizens. And
if we have a grievance, or many grievances,
against laws that have been made in favor
of particular classes or interests, this very
constitution gives us the full liberty of
speech and press, which, if the cause we
agitate is just, will surely find public
opinion in its favor and assure justioe and
redress. The strongest and greatest of all
weapons is reasoning with our fellow
creatures. Well, then, having that admira
tion of and faith in the constitution of the
United States which every good and true
American citizen ought to have, 1 beg leave
to quote from Article 1., section N of the
constitution the following:
“The Congress shall have power to lay
and collect taxes, duties, inijiosts and ex
cises to pay the debts and provide for the
common defense and gen -ral welfare of the
United States: but all duties, imposts and
excises shall be uniform throughout the
United States. - ’
This being part of the noblest “Magna
Cliai’ta” the world has ever produced, I am
about to show how grievously and wickedly
this noble admonition has been perverted.
It is well known to every intelligent citizen
of this country that during the last seven
years at least the government, after paying
interest on the debt and bonds that fell due,
and after providing for the expenses of the
government, has had an annual surplus of
revenue amounting in average to *lOO,(X*),-
000. It is further known to everybody that
tills locking up of the surplus in the Treas
ury has become a standing danger to the
financial and industrial interests of the peo
ple. And lastly, there is not now a plat
form made at a convention. tie it Republi
can or Democratic, that does not denounce
this surplus and demand a reduction of
taxes. Of course, my fellow-citizens nave
long since learned not to put faith in a plat
fonn. A platform is a sort of bridge. Now
in Venice there is tlie famous “Bridge of
Sighs." The American convention platform,
whether Republican or Democratic, is “a
bridge of iies." But let me I'uine to the
point. We are now nearing winter. There
is hardly a State in the Union where the
people do not use largely the w-ell-knowu
article of woolen dress gools. This goods
is a mixture of woolen or worsted anil cot
ton, and costs in Europe from 15c. to $1 24
per square yard. To give an idea of the
proportion of the cheaper to the dearer
goods we import I will here state from offi
cial returns of 1S*(). During that year we
2Ti.fiM.4Wt square yards dress goods
costing 15 1-5 cents
25,'aft>.5i0 square yards dress goods
costing ... 21^cents
7,(61,111 square yards dress goods
costing " 34 cents
And only 2.430.01 H square yards dress
goods costing $1 24
Essentially, it will Is- seen that more than
5’>.(410,000 square yards of this dress goods,
costing abroad from 15 to i44c., were des
tined for the hard-working <-lassie. and
chiefly for the farmers' families During
the fiscal year ended June 30, 18K7, we im
ported over 7H,000,000 square yards of this
weolen mixed dress goods, costing nl r >ad
* 17,211,1)00, or a little over 22e. a square
vard in average. In 1 sxfi the Treasury col
lected a duty amounting to *10,'44,113 on
woolen dress goods, and the average duty
was 71.76 per cent. During the fiscal year
of IHVi-7 the duty will amount to over *12,-
000,000 and there is not the slightest reason
to doubt that some *15,000,000 more is paid
in a homy tux to the home manufacturers.
And, altogether, the bulk of hard-working
people in the cities and all the farmers have
to pay annually n tax of at least *27,000,000,
perhaps *-'(0,000,000. for using mixed woolen
dress goods that cost in average 22c. a
square yard abroad.
Now, I wish my fellow-citizens in general,
but the furme, s in jiarticular, to
wnether this enormots swindling duty on
cheap dress go ds for the jieople can be
reconciled with Article X., section
6, of the constitution, which I
•noted above. It has been held
by the easuitss and spe<-ial pleuders for
the tariff oligarchy that the words “and
geueral welfare’’ cover the power to lay
tuxes, even if we have, as is the case now, a
surplus of revenue, for tho benefit of pro
tection. But surely, even if we admit of
such a monstrous interpretation, we at once
run against a snag, as in this case. The
welfare in a tax on woolen dress go<xls is by
no means “general," but decidedly “par
tial." Inasmuch as only 18,so;; men, women
and children were employed in the
production of all kinds of this
worsted goods in 1680, or say there
ar*- now 22,000 hands employed, there
for • if it is “a welfare" to 22,000 s< uls, it is,
as I conclusively show, an injury lo over
00.UU0.000 jieople. Now, let me show to the
farmers the peculiar hardship of this tax on
a necessary, I may say almost indispensable,
article of women’s dress. Wheat to-day in
New York is lower than it bus been for
thirty years. In Chicago the price is 01k-.
a bushel. What, the farmer gets in lowa or
Minnesota for it I don’t know. But the
reason wheat is so low is simply that tho
pauper-labor wheat of India, Russia and
Turkey competes with our wheat in Loa
don. And the pt-ii-e of wheat we consume
at home is inude in London, where our sur
plus grain has to find a market. The farmer,
therefore, i- not and eaunot lie benefited by
the existing tariff. Suppose, now,
a farmer in lowa or Minnesota
needs, for his family, say four drosses
•f this worsted mixed goods that costs
abroad 32c. a square yard. He would be
taxed 71 per cent., Or over a yard.
In other words, the original coat abroad of
the goods is for 40 yards $8 80. and the tax
is $6 16. Ik-sides this tile importer must
inuke a profit, or say interest, on the $6 16
duty, and so must the retailer who sells it to
the farmer. Iu short, there is no doubt that
for 40 square yai-ds of this class of goods,
costing in England $8 80, the Minnesota
farmer lias to pay 50c. a yard, or S2O. Such,
my fellow-tariff serfs is the penalty we
have to pay because we allow war taxes to
1* levied in time of peace. Such is our
penalty because we allow a selfish oligarchy
to bold this tariff robbery over us by false
a aternents. Now, understand me fully,
ami all those who have put in protection
planks in the several bridges of lies, other
wise platforms, I do not adrooat ioe
woolen dress goods, but 1 denounce as a
swindle, oppression nml legal robbery a tax
of 71 |s-r cent, iu average on mi article tuo
original ■■oat of which is 22c. J am fully eon
▼.ticsi that with free wool a duty or 35 per
tout., or even flu par cent., is not only ude
quote blit a high protection. Still, ns 1
have often (title t, and again .reiterate, 1
would fight ns strongly against such radi
an! change of putting woolen <!re*-> giwib
on (he free list all at once u< 1 am now light -
ing against this swindle of 71 tier c ut.
duty. 1 want t>> msi the tariff reformed in
a conservative manner, mid iny ehlei anx
iety has le-en, and is. Hint the longer tins
outrageous sraml/tl exists the greater will
be th>- danger of such radical clutttgtn all at
unis, which must imusmtllv entail the
greatest onlastivipbe on tbs industrial situ a
tton ot the <-ouiitrr. 1 have no syui|stUiy,
•aid never had. with extreme changes, uor
I will I ever lend my labor or influence, how
| ever little tho latte r may b\ t < heroic and
i extreme measures. But I will never cease
j to expose anil denounce this selfish. wicked
1 and cornipt tax system with the simple
view of convincing mv fellow-citizens of
, the burden that this protective policy en
j tails upon them.
• SUMMER IN EGYPT.
Delights of Existence In th® Land of
From the St. Jama Ornette.
Egvpt in summer is commonly said hr be
lan unfit residence for Europeans, but that
i is a mistake, and one which would Ist less
prevalent, perhaps, if it were not fostered
! by foreign officials, who wish to prove that
1 they need a three months’ holiday every
vea’r. Of course, if a tr.au begins the day
with brandy and --la :uid unlimiteil lemon
squaslies. folio we l up by a heavy lunch, and
then retires beneath the mosquito curtains
for-a siesta until 5 o'clock he will wake up
unrefresbed. If be then calls a carriage
and is driven atiout till dinner time, he will
prohably only la-gin to feel alive about 10
o'clock. He * will not feel disposed to
retire until the small hours, and will waken
in the morning as weary as w hen he w ent to
bed. This is a matter of course, for which
he should not blame the climate much.
Compared with Indian heat, the tempera
ture of Egvpt is refreshing; for. however
sultry the day may be, there is a long cool
night. The only real trial is the length of
tlie hot season. A couple of months of
more intense heat would he much easier to
bear than the steady gentle grilling from
May to October. But. after all, an average
temperature of !KJ° in the daytime out of
doors —which may be redu el to so" in the
large native rooms—sinking some 10 or 15
at night, does not constitute a very formid
able summer climate.
It is interesting to study an entirely dif
ferent Egypt from that described by the
hundred undone authors who have under
taken, at the solicitation of their friends, a
record of their experiences. There is per
petual delight in watching the slow, and
solid rise of the mighty Nile, swollen by
rains in unexplored lands beyond the equa
tor, rolling along its thousands of miles be
low Khartoum without a tributary, always
giving to the thirsty fields on either side,
never receiving, but ever flowing with a
daily increasing tide—truly one of the
world’s greatest wonders. Gradually it fills
the canals, and, mounting its hanks, climbs
softly up till it laps over and floods the
landscape, till as far as the eye can reach
from the river bed, Egypt is one great lake.
The villages with their clusters of palms lie
dotted here and there, like tiny islands in
the sea, and the fellah has time to cross his
hands and look on with silent pleasure at the
great Nile fructifying his acres with rich
mold from the heart of Africa. Then as
quickly or as slowly as it has risen, the river
sinks, leaving stagnant pools, which the sun
licks up,and the new layer of mud cracks into
great chasms dear to the heart of the culti
vator, and ready for the quick spring crop.
The fresh grow th is almost miraculous in its
rapidity. Where one week all that meets
the eye is a muddy marsh covei-ed with
water-fowl, ten days later the lovely tender
green of the young corn or berseen
is covering the land. The real work of the
fellah commences, w-hich is to pre
vent too much water from lying on his
acres, and yet to supply the requisite
amount of moisture. The pickax and
shovel, the donkey and camel, the baby girl
and the baby boy, are all pressed into ser
vice, until gradually the proper supply is
obtained and the crop springs up victorious,
a home for the winter flight of quail and a
carefully prepared hunting ground for the
sportsman. Wild duck and other aquatic
fowl rejoice in the N lie flood, and a goodly
flock of pelicans are to be found. The sum
mer plumage of the 1-year-old birds is pe
culiarly beautiful, the under side of each
feather being of a shell-like rose color. Oue
biixl will give eighteen inches square of the
most lovely feathers, and a dozen skins will
make an opera cloak beautiful enough to
cause any woman’s eyes to glisten. Soon
in lower Egypt the cotton fields are in full
bloom, a mas- of glorious yellow lietween
gold and primrose color, whose blossoms
mean money. Quickly the color fades to
the universal brown of the pods till they
break out again with tlie snowy fluff of
ri|>enes.s, and the cotton crop is ready for
the picker. Probably not one in a hundred
visitors to the Nile land lias ever seen a cot-
ton field in flower. It is one of the sights
reserved for the summer martyrs. W hat
the cotton plant is to the delta, sugar cane
Is to the country between Cairo and As
souan. The cane is laid down in the early
summer in pieces of about a foot long, over
lapping each other in the long furrows.
Bovs then walk along stamping down the
ends, and the earth is turned over. The
process of taking root does not require much
time, and when ouce the spikes appear above
ground they shoot up almost visibly. By
the end of August the planter’s work is
over, and he will tell you that there are
many worse places in which to spend the
summer than Bibeh, Magagah o- Krment.
The morning rides and the moonlit strolls
through the plantations would supply mate
riul for sketching much less hackneyed than
mosques, pyramids and camels.
Whatever Europeans may feel, summer
is the season fiie native really loves. In the
winter he goes about with his head wrapjied
up in multifarious shawls, cursing the
Franks who have brought rain and cold,
and bemoaning his own hal’d lot. The few
piastres hcftm earn will not afford him lire,
and his house, if lie has one, is wretchedly
hare. In thu summer he can sprawl about
on the ground in comfortable warmth all
the night long, and a tew beans in the pod
or a couple ot yards of sugar-cane and a
pumpkin give him a cheap and delicious
meat. Dust is letter than mud for bare
feet, and the baking of the sun is pure de
light to the Arab-born. In the town he can
have his nightly fantasies or open-air amuse
ments, which cost nothing.
The beasts have their share of enjoyment
from the overflowing uhuiidauce ot food,
and the humblest donkey banquets royally.
No one who lias ever seen a mule or a don
key roll in the dust wlien his saddle is tuknn
on can guess the joy he feels. The expres
sion of sutistled desire showing on the tip of
a bullock's nose and from out his great
sleepy eyes as he rolls porpoise-like in the
canal, alter a long day’s round in thesakieh,
is enough to make a Christian envy the
beast. The European who gets up early
and goes for a gallop in the trc-sh morning,
comes in with un appetite for breakfast.
A walk to aud from his office prepares the
way for lunch, and his afternoon nap ena
bles him to plav in the tennis-court or the
cricket field A tub before dinner freshens
him up again, and the early beginning to
his day insures sleep before midnight. This
sort of life will leave hnn none the worse,
and probab y the better, for his summer in
Ho is Sorry Ho Said It.
From, the Oreenuboro ( (ja .) Herald.
Our bachelor friend, Capt. John llart, of
Union Point, wnile in the presence of a bevy
of pretty gns the other day, remarkel
“that if t'.iey were hull us useful, as they
were pretty, they would indeed lie to this
world, angels in mercy sent." lie then
went on to say, Hint they were siuipiy “lie's
of the 11 'ld," and lectured them severely for
their helplessness, 'this riled the young
lade sto rover heat, and they urged that he
was Join ( them injustice, that they were
not indolent, nor afraid of w< rk. Jn this
i bevy of Isiuty, were two Augusta girls, we
! will cad them belle*, for two prettier girls,
with winter or softer hands were never
seen. The others were our own Greene
county girls, that were in no way rivaled
by their city cousins, A trade was soon
mn le by the Captain and the in.lis. They
w re to pick peas out in the field for > I pe r
•jn t |iounds, i suiii more tliun twice as much
u• i usualiv iMid for such service, but the
Captain thought he w.is sale in offering any
iniloan With the lark nett morning the
young la lies wer • m their way to iiie del.l,
and by sundown every one *"f them had
fiver UMi piNin is. Von ml; did lie |wy upf
*if course lie did, and these prett) girl*
non lutvo CIO to give away to some cliarita
ble last tuDoU, Mini ('apt. Il.ni says, “the
p* l iop is a good one, but it fa 100 ex| n
sl'e g,< iter.*'
THE MORNING NEWS: TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1887.
j LIPPINCOTT’B DUEL WITH TEVIS.
A Deadly Encounter that Marked the
Anti-Slavery Struggle in California.
From the Chicago Trihone.
Springfield, 111. , Sept. Ill—The recent
' death of Gen. Charles E. Lippiucott calls
l to the mind of one of his old friends and
acquaintances here the story of his duel in
California with Robert Tevis in 1856. Lip
| piueott, then a practising physician, went
i to California in 1552 for his health, expect
ing to remain a year. Aoout this tmio
, hat State was convulsed with the slavery
i agitation. I)r. Lippiucott was born and
reared an anti-slavery Democrat, and his
tatb-r took an active part in the struggle
in Illinois which prevented slavery from
lieing foisted iqioii tlie State. In the Cali
fornia agitation the young Illinoisan allied
himself with the wing of the party which
was led by David C. Roderick, ami opposed
the scheme to carry a majority of the Leg
islatxire in favor of a Convention for revis
ing the Constitution in favor of slavery. In
this (Mutest he found himself elected to
the State Senate in 1554 for two years.
In that capacity he assisted to elect Rod
erick to the United States Senate in 1650.
Lippincott was located in Yuba conuty,
probably at Marysville. As the Fourth of
July approached in 1556 arrangements
were lieing made for its celebration,
and it seemed to bo important
to avoid any factional discussion. Robert
Tevis was a bright young man, and inti
mated his desire to make a speech at the
celebration. Lippincott thought it would
tie unsafe to select Tevis. and, consequently,
managed to have him put on the pro
gramme to read the Declaration of Inde
pendence. Tevis feigned satisfaction with
this arrangement; but when he had finished
the reading he volunteered a few extempo
raneous remarks upon the matter read, and
from these branched out into a general
speech, and occupied the stand for nearly
Lippincott had control of a corner of the
local newspaper at that time, devoting his
space chiefly to the promulgation of the
opinions held by the Broderick Democrats,
and in the next issue of the paper he passed
some rather sharp criticisms upon Tevis’
speech, and the manner in which he had
managed to ring it in on the audience
against the will of the committee of ar
rangements. This fired Tevis, und he
sent Lippincott a challenge to figlll a duel.
The latter knew that to decline a challenge
in those days in California was equivalent
to accepting notice to leave the country.
Accordingly lie accepted. It does not ap
pear now just how shotguns loaded with
buckshot hapjiened to be selected as the
weapons, but they were. Lippincott was
an excellent slot, but Tevis devoted him
self to p.'acti i ig and acquired a very deadly
aim bt.ure the day of the encounter arrived.
The duel was fought ne ir what is known as
Ousley’s Bar, at a distance of forty yards.
The guns were discharged simultaneously,
and Tevis fell, shot through the breast, ex
piring in a short time. One of the buck
shot from Tevis’s gun curried away a lock
of Lippincott’s hair just over the right ear.
Lippincott remained in California till
some time the next winter, when be left,
went to Washsngton city to see Broderick
installed United States Senator, and thence
returned to his home at Chandlerville, this
State. Tevis was related to tlie Tevises of
Bond county, 111., now a prominent family.
Gen. Lippincott, not long before his death,
referred to this duel as one of the horrible
things in his life, adding: “But there was
nothing to do in tlo ie daysjin California but
to accept a challenge if it was sent to you or
to skip out of the country by the shortest
route and the most expeditious means.”
A FIRST BATTLE RECORD.
The Sixth Alabama’s Charge Under
Gordon at Seven Pines.
* Atlanta Correspondence Olobe-Democrat.
One day in the spring of ’6l, when the
clans of the Confederacy were gathering,
there tramped into Montgomery, then the
temporary capital, a company of gaunt,
wild-eyed, jeans-clad men. As they marched
along in irregular tiles, with an overy-man
for-himself air, somebody on the sidewalk
“What command is that?”
“Independent Rifles,” was the reply
shouted hack from the ranks.
“Independent Rifles, - ’ a spectator echoed
with a grin.
“Raccoon Roughs,” came from the free
and-easy ranks; “I reck'n that’ll suit you
Every man in the company wore a coon
skin cap, and “the Raccoon Roughs” they
were from that time on. The command hail
been recruited from the rfiiners and moun
taineers of the northwest corner of Georgia
and the northeast corner of Alabama. They
were neighbors and fellow-workmen whoso
associations lappixl over State lines. Their
Captain was John B. Gordon, at, present the
Governor of Georgia, but he didn’t hold the
position long, “fine Baccoon Roughs” were
mobilized with some other companies, and
became the Sixth Alabama, to the command
of which Capt. Gordon was elected.
At Seven Pines the Sixth Alabama re
ceived its baptism of fire. Before that there
had been some skirmishing, hut this was the
first battle, and, as Gov. Gordon describes
the scenes, they make up for the regiment a
first buttle record which probably is without
parallel on either side. A shade comes over
tlie Governor’s expressive face, and his
voice drops to lower tones when he talks ot
“1 started on the charge,” he says, “with
iUK) men in my regiment. When the fight
ing ended at "nightfall, 396 of the GOO lay on
the field dead or wounded. My Lieutenant
Colonel was killed. Of forty-four commis
sioned officers,only thirteen came out of that
day’s fighting unscathed.”
“I had a brother with me, a boy.” Gov.
Gordon continued. “He was shot through
the right lung, but recovered, only to die
with .Stonewall Jackson at Chancellors
ville. He was 19 years old. I had several
bullet holes in my clothes when night came,
hut was not wounded. One hall raked
across my chest, and would have shattered
mv right arm if l hadn't it uplifted to point
with my sword a movement l wanted my
command to make.
“The Sixth Alabama,” the Governor went
on, “was opposite a (ortion of the Federal
line winch that side had no idea would be
taken. We made the assault in the forenoon.
There was a charge across an open Held, per
haps a distance of 500 yards. Then we came
to breast works behind which the FederaL
were as thick as they coul , stand. As we
went over their lines we found the evidences
that they had no idea of being driven back.
Cooking was going on, and in a house a meal
had lieen prepared for an officers’ mess. We
followed them hack of the works and into a
swamp where a great many trees had been
felled. It was impossible to go ahead, and
there we stopped, stood in the water up to
our knees and fought till dark. I had to do
tail men In there to hold the heads of tho
wounded above water to keep them from
drowning. And some of the time I could
not find enough well men to take care of the
"Governor, do you recollec of any other
command which lost so heavily in a single
charge at anytime during the war”’ was
"No,” replied the Governor, after a little
|hi use, "1 don’t recollect anything which
was quite equal it. Our loss wus within
three or four men of lieing two-thirils of
the whole regiment."
Os BaoADWAV—Pedestrian ito carman)—What
are you Blocking this sidewalk with vour truck
for; Don't you know that you are violating the
Truckman—Certainly I do.
Pedestrian Then why don't you drive off?
Truckman Uocuiihc, If f did. such means you
wouldn't llnd anything to growl nt. Town
A Pahvkno.—(The coining aristocracy of
mind.) lie -Charming youth, that young Bel
kmv Mii'li a re.iiii'd and cultivated intellect'
When you think of what lie s rntrii from, poor
fellow. Ii really does litmen illl!
Hhe Why, were Ids people a inferiah"
He Welt yes Hi- grandfatlier a an Karl,
you know, an t l.iauiwle's a Bishop; and be him
s.*lf Is neir I" an >4 . iMU'oueU'v with eighty
teon n l tern,ton Punch.
A Remarkable Engine.
Prom the Sew York Evetiiny Pont.
A report comes from Cincinnati in regard
to anew steam engine that has been at
tracting considerable attention there, and
which is said to practically obviate all waste
of steam. It was invented by a Cincinnati
man, and the drawing was exhibited in the
Chamber of Commerce in that city. It is
said that the drawing will also lie shown on
the Stock Exchange in this city, and that a
company has been formed with a capital of
*500,000, anti preparations already made to
construct a marine engine of 5,000 horse
power. The inventor claims that the sub
ject has bean looked into and reported upon
favorably by a number of experts.
The engine consists of four single-acting
cylinders of equal dimensions placed at the
corners of a square, one pair above the
other, leaving space between them for the
main or crank shaft. The portion of the
fly-wheel is in the centre of the frame
work, running between the cylinders. This
position Is just the reverse of the balance
wheel in all other engines, and it is so placed
in order to secure an equal balance. Tlie
pistons of the cylinders are connected with
tlie main shaft in such a way that the piston
of the top cylinder on one side lvorks in
conjunction with tlie piston of the cylinder
underneath on the same side. They are
automatically connected, and are released
as the in and out strokes are made. The
other pair of cylinders are connected in the
same way and may be said to work in
7 Steam is admitted to the couple on one
side, and the pistons are driven to the end
of their stroke, one to the right and the
other to the left. The crank with which
this couple is connected is then at the dead
centre. Atthispoint, by a peculiar mechan
ism. the pistons are connected and balanced
in such a"manner that the pressure of steam
in one cylinder is against that in the other,
so that to all intents anil purposes it is a
single piston-liead with equal pressure of
steam on each side. The piston heads are in
a state of equilibrium, and remain so until
by the action of the other pair they are re
stored to their original ]>osition as at the be
ginning of the stroke. At this instant they
are automatically relieved of them equilib
rium, and are left free to be driven forward
again by pressure, while the balancing
movement is as instantaneously transferred
to the opposite set of pistons.
It is claimed for this engine that its con
struction is such that there will be no launch
ing backward or forward, as in other
engines, by the plunging of a single piston;
as two of its pistons arc going out in oppo
site directions, right and left, and two are
returning from the right and left, perfectly
balanced, and with a steady motion insured
by the flywheel. A further claim is made
that the same sized engine of this type, in
diameter of cylinder and length of stroke,
will develop from 33 to 50 per cent, more
power, and save not less than 75 per cent,
in fuel, by reducing the boiler capacity
necessary about three-fourths, than the
most improved tyjie of engine. There are
no valves, eccentrics, steam-chests, cut-offs,
link motions, etc., to g ;t out of order, and a
piston speed of from 000 to HOO can be at
tained with a perfectly smooth movement.
Mr. J. C. Matlock says in regard to this
engine: “This is the most daring claim that
I, in my fifty years of mechanics, ever
heard or read of man making—that is. ‘To
drive the steam back into the lioiler instead
of exhausting it into the air or into a con
denser’ —and though at first it. looks like an
absurdity, as it appeared to me wftn I first
saw it, after a long study over it for nights
and days, I now bel eve that it can be done.
If this inventor accomplishes it he will make
old iron of all the steam engines in the
Other prominent engineers expressed in
terest in the matter to-day, but declined to
express any opinion upon the subject until
they liad made a thorough examination.
To the Public.
Drawing ani> painting classes f.> r
ladies and gentlemen in a studio over 20
feet square, at 34 Barnard street, opposite the
Telfair Academy. PROFESSOR
W. J. BURTON,
Artist of London, Eng.. Canada. New York City
and Memphis, Tenn., prior to I860; teacher of
oil lauiUcai*3 painting at the State Female Col
lege, Memphis, with a class of sixty pupils tall
present), and at the St. Agnes Academy, same
plac; introduced and patronized by the most
respected Father Grace, afterwards Bishop of
St. Paul. Minn.
VV. J. B‘s method of teaching is now being
CALL AND SEE HIS PAINTINGS at his
studio;also a DIPLOMA awarded him for best
landscape in oil, in New York City; also THE
PICTURE he painted before the public at the
Masonic Temple, SAVANNAH, June 24th, 1887,
subject, A CASCADE SCENE, in colors, on a
spotless canvas. sxß feet, without outlining,
executed in one hour and twenty minutes.
Morning and afternoon classses for ladies,
evening for gentlemen.
A junior class can be formed if required.
ALL PUPILS must be able to DRAW before
taking lessons in painting Prices low for
Please call and see gallery and arrange about
LANDSCAPE* FLOWERS AND ORNAMENTS
FOH BOTH SEXES.
No chnrge for that.
Ample references can bo furnished at the re
quest of any oue.
At which places artistic work can be seen,
executed by PROF. \V. J. BURTON, due notice
will l>e given in this paper.
P. S. A day will lie set apart for the public to
view the pointings free of charge.
WATCHES AND JEWELRY.
~~~ THE CHEAPEST PLACE TO BUY
Such as DIAMONDS, FINE STERLING SID
VKRWARE, ELEGANT JEWELRY.
FRENCH CLOCKS, etc., is to be found i.
A. L. Desbouillons,
21 BULL STREET,
the sole agent for the celebrated ROCKFORD
RAILROAD WATCHES, and who also
makes a specialty of
18-Karat Wedding Rings
AND THE FINEST WATCHES.
Anything you buy from him being warranted
Opera, (Hasses ut Cost.
TETTER IN U.
As Good as Gold.
Millkdoeville, Ga., Aug. 12th, 1887.
Mr J. T. S,\ uptrine rf 1 Kro.:
Ofnti.emkn Kudosed you will find Si. for
which nlcti.se send me sworth of your TKT
TKUINK. Thin makes five boxen of .your most
valuable remedy that l have nent for, one only
lieing lor mvsWf. I had the tetter ns bud as any
one eve* did. I suffered night and duv until ii
friend told ine to send for your TUTTEKIXE,
und it would cure m v Thin l did. und wan
cured in a f*\v duyn. The tirxt box cured me
and two of mv friend**. Mr. M M, .?*hiHon was
suffering death With it: hod b*H‘t in twd for Min
eral days. 1 wMit to you for two boxen, by hw
request, and one Ijox cured him, and he rave
the rest to a friend, who whs also cured. Thin
1m for Mr. J. M. Youngblood, who has the tetter
ho bad that he cannot get about to tlo anything,
and requests no to aend for two taixes. Your
TKTTEHINK is worth IU weight in gold, and
everybody ought to know something about iu
value. I can and will recommend It to every
body that sufft rs with tetter of itch
.name w. scott.
IP YOU WANT
'I'O have PKANTTS nicely umol -I hum-I them
I io Koastlriif Kstablnthtuent, corner Itay and
West iJ,<*ad street*
C.M GILBERT & CO.
|*|(> *•■ ■' •'< vfM
Mc Intyre. Died in St. Catharines. Canada,
on SUNDAY MORNING, 26th inst., Catharine,
wife of Janies W. Mclntyre.
Funeral notice later.
FU NERAL IN VITATIONB.
ULMO.—The friends and acquaintance of Mr.
H. W. Ci.no are Invited to attend his funeral at
Wesley Monumental Church at il o'clock THIS
HEADQUARTERS GEORGIA HI'SSARS, I
Savannah, Ga„ Sept. 27, 1887. f
Special Order No. —
You are hereby ordered to appear at your
Drill Room to attend a Special meeting of your
Troop, THIS (Tuesday) EVENING, 27th inst., at
8 o'clock p. m. Rusiness of importance.
By order of J. B. DUCKWORTH,
Lieut. Com'd’g G. H.
Geo. C. Oaili-ard, First Sergt.
~ Si'ECIAIV NOTIt'ES.
Advertisements inserted under “Special
Notices " will be charged $1 00 a Square each
~~ ~ SPECIAL NOTICE!
Our store will be closed from 5 p. M. TO DAY
until THURSDAY MORNING, on account of
holidays. COLLAT BROTHERS,
Shoes, Hats and Trunks,
149 Broughton street.
A meeting of the incorporators of the COM
MERCIAL GUANO COMPANY will be held on
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 28, 1887. at the office of
Hartshorne & Huger, No. 104 Bay street, in this
city, for the adoption of by-laws and organiza
tion of the Company.
JAMES W. ALLISON,
E. B. ADDISON,
WILLIAM H. ALLISON,
J. W. HUGER,
Neither the Captain nor Consignees of the
British steamship HAWARDEN, whereof 'Wil
son is master, will be responsible for any debts
contracted by the crew.
A. MINIS & SONS, Consignees.
All bills against the British steamship WIM
BLEDON, Jarvis Master, must be presented at
our office by or before 12 o'clock, midday, on
TUESDAY, Sept. 21th, or payment thereof will
be debarred. A. MINIS & SONS, Consignees.
NOTICE TO TEACHERS.
An examination to fill positions as assistant
teachers in the Public Schools (white and color
ed) will be held at Chatham Academy on Tues
day. September 27, between the hours of 9:30 a.
m.. and 2p.m. Colored applicants will be ex
amined in the north room.
W. H. BAKER, Superintendent.
ARCADE OYSTER AND CHOP HOUSE.
The finest delicacies of NORTHERN AND
SOUTHERN MARKETS. NEW YORK OYS
TERS per every steamer. OPEN DAY AND
NIGHT. T. 11. ENRIGHT.
DK. HENRY S COLUI.NG,
Office corner Jones and Drayton streets.
THE MORNING NEWS
STEAM PRINTING HOUSE,
3 Whitaker Street.
The Job Department of the Morning News,
JOB AND BOOK PRINTING,
LITHOGRAPHING AND ENGRAVING,
BOOK BINDING AND ACCOUNT BOOK
is the most complete in the South. It is thorough
ly equipped with the most improved machinery,
employs a large force of competent workmen,
and carries a full stock of papers of all
These facilities enable the establishment to
execute orders for anything in the above lines
at the shortest notice and the lowest prices con
sistent with good work. Corporations, mer
chants, manufacturers, mechanics and business
men generally, societies and committees, are
requested to get estimates from the MORNING
NEWS STEAM PRINTING HOUSE before send
ing their orders abroad. J. H. ESTILL.
ULMER’S LIVER CORRECTOR.
This vegetable 'preparation is invaluable for
the restoration of tone and strength to the sys
tem. For Dyspepsia, Constipation and other
ills, caused by a disordered liver, it cannot be
excelled. Highest prizes awarded, and in
dorsed by eminent medical men. Ask for Ul
mer's Liver Corrector and take no other. $1 00
a bottle. Freight paid to any address.
B. F. ULMER, M. D,
Pharmacist. Savannah. Ga.
DRUGS AND MKDICINBS.
Don’t Do It! Don’t Do What?
Y\ 7 HY don't walk *>ur tony streets with that
▼ t nice dress or suit of clothes on with Stains
or Grease Spots in, to which the, Savannah dust
sticks “closer than a brother,” when
Japanese Cleansing Cream
will take them out clean as anew pin. 25c. a
bottle. Matte only by
J. R. HALTIWANGER,
At his Drue Stores, Broughton and Drayton,
i: alu-i 1 anil Wayne street.-.
STEAM LAU NDRY.
Will be closed TO-MORROW (Wednesday), the
28th inst.. on account of Holiday.
Bring in your work to-day.
A. 8. BAC ON,
I’laiiing Mill, hiatal anil Wood Yard,
Liberty and East Broad sta.. Savannah, Ga.
VLL Planing Mill work correctly and prompt
ly done. Good stock Dressed and Rough
Lumber. EIRE \VU(i|), Oak, Pine, Ligbtwood
and Lumber Kindlings.
W. I>. DIXON.
UJULMt IK ALL HINDU UK
COFFINS AND CASKETS,
43 Bull ttrwei. Residence VI Liberty street.
BA VANNAH. GEORGIA.
% * i FRIEND In nee lis a friend Indeed " If
. you hate a friend send him or ber the
MAfANNAH WEEKLY NEWS. Il only usU
Cl 25 farm sear
Wednesday and Thursday. Sept. 28 and 29.
GRAND MATINEE THURSDAY.
FLORENCE J. BINDLEY.
One of America's Brightest Stars, Supported by
Boston's Favorite Young Actor,
JMr. James Home,
And the Well-Known Comedian,
Mi*. Otis Turner.
And a Well Selected Company of Metropolitan
WEDNESDAY NIGHT Miss Bindley will appear
in Bartley Campbell's Great Success,
"A HEROINE IN RAGS."
ThursdayMatir.ee, 'EXCITEMENT,''the Great
London Craze, with more laughs in less
time than any other play in the world.
Thursday Night, “DOT; or, JUST F >R FUN,”
C. P. Brown's great sensational drama.
Usual prices. Seats at Davis Bros.’ Sept, 26.
Next attraction, BARRY & FAY, Oct. 6.
Now is the time when every
body wants ICE, and we
want to sell it.
20 Tickets, good for 100 Pounds, 75$
140 Tickets, good for 700 Pounds, $5.
200 Tickets, good for 1,000 Pounds, $7.
50 Pounds at one delivery 30c.
Lower prices to large buyers.
Packed for shipment at reduced rates. Careful
and polite service. Full and liberal weight
KNICKERBOCKER ICE CO.
144 BAY ST.
STATIONERY', TOY'S, ETC.
A LARGE AND ELEGANT SELECTION OF
IN LEATHER, PLUSH and SILK.
New styles of PIANO COVERS, SCARFS and
TOY' BOOKS, GAMES, PUZZLES. We have
eight large cases of Toys now in the Custom
House until we find room to store them.
OVER 50 MORE CASES ON THE WAY.
A Lot of PIANOS Have Been Shipped
frlireiner’s Importing House.
1 *6s“' ESTABLISHED 1 *65.'
Estill’s News Depot,
No. HTJT-,1, STREET.
\FULL supply of all kind- of Reading Matter
constantly on hand. Any Book. Magazine or
Paper you may desire, which is not in stock,
will be promptly procured for you by leaving
your order. Siieoia! attention given to the de
livery of the SAVANNAH MORNING NEWS.
A GRAND OPPORTUNITY
TO BUY A
Good Paying Newspaper.
ONE of the best paying and best located coun
try newspapers in Georgia is offered for sale
at, a bargain. Can be made to pay $3,500 to S4,(HX)
per annum. No competition; gets patronage
from two good towns and three large cities;
cod reason for selling. Address W. E. M.. Box
111, Tdlbotton, Ga.
GRAIN AND PROVISIONS.
W holesale G-rocer,
Flour, Hay, Grain and Provision Dealer.
PI’RKSH MEAL ami GRITS In white sacks.
Mill stuffs of ail kinds.
Georgia raised SPANISH PEANUTS, also
COW PEAS, every variety.
Choice Texas Red Rust Proof Oats.
Special prices car load lots HAY and GRAIN.
Prompt attention given all orders and satis
OFFICE, 5 ABEROORN STREET.
WAREHOUSE. No. 4 WADLEY STREET, on
line Central Railroad.
PAINTS AND OILs,.
JOHN G. BUTLER,
Vri'T* LEADS, COLORS, OILS, GLASS,
'' VARNISH, ETC.: READY MIXED
PAINTS; RAILROAD. STEAMER AND MILL
SUPPLIES. SASIIES, DOORS, BLINDS AND
111 II.DICKS' HARDWARE, Sole Agent for
GEORGIA LIME. CALCINED PLASTER, CE
MENT, HAIR and LAND PLASTER. ,
6 Whitaker Street, Savannah, Georgia,
186a CflM MDEPfIT, iB6O.
House, Sign and Ornamental Painting
XKCUTED NEATLY’ and with dispatch.
Ij Paints, Oil*. Varnishes, Brushes, window
Glasses, etc., etc. Estimates turnialied on ap
CORNER CONGRESS AND DRAYTON STS.,
Hear of Christ Church.
■ -*—- ■■ -■
1 NO your own Dyeing, at home with PEER
" LESS DYES. They will,ie* evervthing
They are sold everywhere Price in,-, a p.ic*age
Colors, They have no cuuai for stiengtu,
brightness, atm Mmt in pui kavye .. or iur isstnoss
of silor. or non foiling ,|ii*fiu,~ They ( jo not
crock or smut lor sale uy 1> / l iaskk. M It.
I'hai-Uiamst corner lirmigutoti and liinistnu
street*. P. II Rklu, Druggist grid Apolln
iry ennier Jones and Shut-corn streets ■
Kowojio J Ktamca. Druggist oruar WsM
ikvod Slid Stewart street*
GROCERIES AND LIQUORS.
D. B. Lester’s
Where you can get everything in the Gro
eery line at reduced price.
You will also find a large stock ot
Fine Old Rye & Bourbon
And All Kinds of Domestic Wines.
21 WHITAKER STREET,
B Select Whisky $4 oo
Baker Whisky 4 09
Imperial Whisky 3 03
Pineapple Whisky ’ 2 00
North Carolina Com Whisky- a on
Old Rye Whisky j 53
Rum -New England and Jamaica.. $1 50 to 3 00
Rye and Holland Gin 1 50 to 3 0)
Brandy—Domestic and Cognac 1 50 to 6 00
Catawba Wine $1 00 to $1 50
Blackberry Wine.. I 00 to 150
Madeira, Forts and Sherrys 1 50 to 30)
PLEASE GIVE ME A CALL.
A. H. CHAMPION,
154 CONGRESS STREET.
Wait for the Fall and Win
ter Display of
! asliiriils Clofa
Furnishings and Latest Shapes in
Hats at the Clothing Palace,
ARRIVING BY EVERY STEAMER.
While you wait, look over our bargains to
close out remaiaiiig Summer Suits and Medium
JAEGER SY'STEM SANITARY UNDER
WEAR AND OVERWEAR. Eaual to anything
ou the market and at lowest prices.
101 CONGRESS STREET.
B. H. LEVY & BRO.
NEW HOTEL TOGrNI,
(Formerly St. Mark’s.)
Newnan Street, near Bay, Jacksonville, Fla.
WINTER AND SUMMER.
IUiK MOST central House in the city. Near
Post Office, Street Cars and all Ferries.
New and Elegaut Furniture. Electric Bella
Baths, Etc. $2 50 to $3 per day.
JOHN B. TOGNI, Proprietor.
DUB’S SCREVEN HOUSE.
r I''HIS POPULAR Hotel Is now provided with
1 a Passenger Elevator (the only one in the
city) and has been remodeled and newly fur
nished. The proprietor, who liv recent purchase
is also the owner of the establishment, spams
neither pains nor expense in the entertainment
of his guests. The patronage of Florida visit
ors is earnestly invited. The table of the
Screven House is supplied with every luxury
that the markets at home or abroad can afford.
THE MORRISON HOUSE "
One of the Largest Boarding Houses in <*•
A FFORDS pleasant South rooms, good hoard
- Y w ith pure Artesian Water, at prices tosuit
those wishing tabic, regular or transient accom
modations. Northeast corner Broughton and
Drayton streets, opposite Marshall House.
The Great Southern Portrait Company,
To. B. DzY VIS,
Secretary and Manager of the Great South
ern Portrait Company.
A N inspection of samples of our Portraits at
z \ our office, with Davis Bros., 42 and 44 Bull
street, will greatly interest those who contem
plate having small pictures of themselve-s, their
friends, living and un cased, copied and enlarged
in OIL, WATER COLOR, INDIA INK, PAS
TELLE and CRAYON. We guarantee a per
fect likeness and excellence of work. We btive
about TWENTY DIFFERENT STYLES AND
GRADES IN SIZES OF ENLARGE)* POR
TRAITS from Bxlo to 50x90, and our price!) an*
from $2 to S3OO each. EMPLOY' FORTY ART
ISTS; been twenty-six yeurs in the business;
have a 6.1M0 candle-pow er ELECTRIC LIGHT,
anil uro fully prepared with all proper expedi
tion and skill to execute all orders promptly
and satisfactorily-. We resect fully solicit your
orders. ' l. B. DAVIS,
Secretary and Manager The Great Southern
PLANT INVESTMENT COMPANY
Orvirg of Crimr Knuinef.h /
AMO OhlHUt MiIMSB, 'r
Savannah, Ga., Sept. dd, I>WT t
BIDS will be received at this office until lJ N.,
SEPTEMBER doth, for the construction of
that portion of the 1 bomasville. Ta lc tinase"
mid Montieello railroad ext ending from Thomas
villc. Gnorgi t, to the Florida State line. All
clearing, grubbing, grading and bridging will It"
let under one emit met. Profiles ’*y be exam
ined and further information may lie obtained
upon application at the Chief Engineer s office,
H., E. and W. Ky., Savannah, Ga , >flcr Septem
ber Pith. H. H. HAINES,
('luef Engineer anil Gen. Manager P. I. Cm
PHI.MIR AND BOOK HINDER.
RULING. PRINTING. BINDING,
OR BLANK BOOKS.
Will alway* have careful attention.
GKO. N. \K HOLS.
PRINTER -AND BINDER,