BANKS COUNTY JOURNAL.
TURKS CAPTURE MB
STRATEGIC PEAKS OF THE MOS
LEMS PROVE SUCCESSFUL.
GREEKS DRIVEN TOWARDS ATHENS.
Smolen.kl, Who I. Cnt Off,' AVIII Be
Compelled to Fight for Erecdom
Edhem Pnsaa, the Turkish comman
der-in-chief in Thessaly, has sent the
following dispatch to the minister of
war at Constantinople:
“The imperial army while marching
to Pharsalos met the enemy in the vil
lages of Soubathi, Souledji, Turcoman
li and Lamia. After a severe engage
ment, lasting fifteen hours, we dis
lodged them from their positions and
advanced to Pharsalos, which the im
perial army has just victoriously oc
A London cable dispatch says:
Evidently it was Edhem Pasha’s
ability to cut in between the two
G: eek armies which led to the Bpeedy
retreats which were the beginning of
the end. The Greek accounts say that
both retreats were orderly, but such
news comes only from official sources
in Athens, which are not exactly re
It is just possible, so far from being
orderly, they may both have ended in
a panic, as was the case at Larissa.
Edham Pasha will almost certainly
follow to prevent General Smolenski
from rejoining the main army.
Iu any event, General Smolenski is
now cut off from all chance of em
barking on the Greek vessels at Yolo.
He must either surrender to the Turks
or endeavor to reach Larissa by the
difficult mountain paths, so that ev-
erything indicates that Greece will be
compelled to sue for peace in order to
save the remnant of her army from
destruction. The absence of Greek
cavalry at Pharsalos left the Greeks
in complete ignorance of the move
ments of the Turks and it is.another
illustration of the general incompe
tency of the Greek stall 1 .
Geneial Smolenski has admitted
that long habits of guerrilla warfare
have made the Greek army helpless
against modern military strategy. It
is now believed that the end would
come much sooner, hut for the difficul.
ty tho Turks have experienced in brinj |
ing adequate supplies of ammunitioi ,
for magazine rifles and modern artij J
lery over the mountain passes.
FI FT! FIREMEN PROSTRATED
Fumes of Amin onia Cause tlie Trov
Fifty or more men disabled and one
dead was the record of the New York
fire department at a fierce fire at No.
161 to IC3 Chambers street Thursday
The fire was in the large cold storage
warehouse of the Merchants’ Refi ig
erating company, and it was the
fumes of ammonia and the heaviest
of smoke that struck down men by
The call for ambulances was as ru; id
as the call for engines. The dead
fireman is John Eeinhard, of Engine
Fireman John Rcinhard, missed his
way in leaving the cellar, and was
finally taken out unconscious. He
died in an ambulance on the wi y to a
Those overcome, some of whom an
in a serious condition, include u°n.-.
bers of a dozen of companies thd' wen,
called out as reserves, when' Ohio
Bonner found he was losing his men or
The fire was an unusual one and ii
estimated to have done damage t>
the extent of at least half a million.
BISHOPS’ ASSIGNMENT. j
Flan of Work Made For Conferences
During tlie Coming Year.
The college of bi3L ,ps of the Meth
odist Episcopal church south Ins
agreed upon the plan of Episcopal vis
itation for 1897-98.
Among the apportionaries are Bishop
Key, South Georgia conference, Sa
vannah,i December 1; Bishop Keener,
North Alabama conference, Florence,
November 17; Alabama conference,
Union Springs, December 1; Florida
conference, Tampa, December 9;
Bishop Galloway, North Georgia con
ference, Athens, November 24.
RESOLUTION FOll ARBITRATION.
Bacon, o* Georgia, Introduces Measure
To Offset Defect of Treaty.
Asa sequel to the defeat of the
Anglo-American treaty of arbitrat on,
Mr. Bacon, of Georgia, introduced a
joint resolution in the senate Thirs
day, deprecating war and announcing
the policy of the government favorrble
The resolution was in effect “'i’hat
the United States of America depre
cate war and desire the maintenmee
of peace and friendship with all the
world, and that this desireftato| lim
ited to their relations one
nation, but extends to theß SWtions
with all the nations,
he great or small, strong
AFTER OIS EKSARV MEN.
Investigations Re* ilt In tho Issuance o€
T. J. Williams, a member of the
South Carolina state board of control,
has sworn out warrants against S. W.
Scruggs, chief clerk of the dispensary,
and Col. John T. Gaston, ex-commis
sioner of tie dispensary.
This is tie result of investigations
by the attorney general, the testimony
showing tbit Scruggs had taken from
a trunk wbcli was seized by constables
four boxesof cigars and several cans
of peache:. The trunk was the prop
erty of Wo. Beckroge, of Savannah,
who went o Charleston about a month
n.™ to got and carried a trunk
full or wile and whisky, cigofs, canned
peaches, ranges, etc.
United States Judge Simonton de
clared tie seizure illegal and when
Beckroge demanded his trunk and
content! they were gone.
The rank was sold to Legislator
Garris, but the board decided that
was a perfectly legitimate transaction,
but ccild not stand the idea of em
ployee appropriating the cigars and
thingsto their own use.
GasAn got a few cigars, some or
anges jnd a pair of shoes out of the
trunkUut after the whole matter was
venti’ited he paid for them.
Scnggs has been decapitated as
chiefclerk and W. H. Lawrence, an
expet bookkeeper, was appointed in
RISKED CLEVELAND’S ORDER.
Ex-1 resident's Forest Reservation Criti
-1 vised By the Senators.
Tl(. senate Thursday agreed to an
ameidment to the sundry civil bill re
volt ig the order of President Cleve
land made on February 22d last, es
tablshing forest reservations aggre
gathg 17,000,000 acres.
’Jhe debate brought out much criti
cise of Mr. Cleveland’s order, Sena
tor Pettigrew, Wilson, Turner, Raw
lire and White speaking against it.
dr. Gray, of Delaware, defended
th< course of the president, pointing
ou. that it was the result of an inquiry
auliorized by congress and conducted
by he National Academy of Science.
fr. Allison endeavored to have the
am ndment restricted so as to leave
the question of revocation to the presi
dent, but he was defeated on an aye
nar vote —14 to 32.
Mr. Gorman made a point of order
against the amendment, but this being
flbmitted to the senate, was defeated
3to 25. The amendment was then
agreed to without division.
/Another amendment agreed to pro
ides for a continuance of the investi-
Sxtion of the condition of the fur seals
i Behring sea. The sundry civil bill
as,passed late in the day. It carries
i aggregate of $53,000,000.
GOVERNOR SEIZES THE ROAI).
Richards & Cos. Fail to Pay Rental foi
Governor Atkinson, of Georgia, has
t ken possession of the Northeastern
railroad, forty miles long and running
from Athens to Lula, on the Southern
The lessees, E. A. Richards & Cos.,
defaulted in the last quarter’s rent and
Governor Atkinson, after having giving
the lessees three days of grace, signed
an order taking possession and nam
ing R. K. Reeves state agent to take
charge of the road, subject to orders
from the executive department.
This effectually disposes of the
twenty-year lease held by Richards &
Cos., and makes the sale of the prop
erty by the state an easy matter. The
long lease was a serious impairment of
the marketable value of the road,
which has been ordered sold at an
early date by the legislature.
UNCERTAIN ABOUT WAGES.
Miners In the .Tellico District Awaiting
A special from Knoxville, Tenn.,
says: The coal miners of the Jellico
district are all idle, awaiting their big
conference, when it will be decided
whether or not the reduction of wages
will be accepted for the next year.
The miners are not in position to
stay out of work any great length of
time, as some are now in destitute cir
cumstances. The operators say they
will not make contracts for another
year unless the reduction is accepted.
Senator Earle Very 111.
Judge Joseph H. Earle, junior sen
ator from South Carolina, is now criti
cally ill at his home in Greenville, S.
C. Grave apprehensions are enter
tained as to his condition.
CASSIN BEFORE GRAND JURY.
Indicted * Cashier Made No Charges
Against Other Officials.
Harry Cassin, the defaulting cashier
of the Georgia Loan, Savings and
Banking company, of Atlanta, w be
fore the grand jury Thursday morn
Cassin was questioned shout the
connection of the bank with the prop
erty that was burned in Pittsburg. He
testified that the property had been
turned over to the bank.
He was also questioned in regard to
the connection of other individuals
with the misappropriation of the Geor
gia Loan’s funds. It is understood
that he made no charges against the
HOMER, GA.. SATURDAY, MAY 15. 1897.
BELI COMPANY WINS SI.
SUPREME COURT DECIDES AGAIN ST
MONOPOLY EXTENDED 17 YEARS
Decision Is Far-Reaching, As the 801 l
Company Is Now In Full Possession
of All Patent Rights.
A Washington special says: The
Bell Telephone Company has won
the case brought against it by the
United States to annul the last Ber
This decision has the effect of con
tinuing the control of the telephone
by the Bell company for seventeen
years from the date of the last patent,
which was granted in 1891.
The court in its opinion delivered
by justice Brewer Monday, held that
there was no evidence of corruption or
undue influence exercised over the
patent office by the telephone company,
and that there was no evidence that
the delay in granting the patent had
been brought about by the company.
It held that whatever delay had been
was through the fault of the patent
office and by no fault of the company.
Justice Harlan dissented from the
Justices Gray and Brown, it was an
nounced, took no part in the case, pre
sumably because they were interested.
This decision by the supreme court
sustains the lower courts.
The case has attracted wide atten
tion because of the extensive interests
involved in its settlement, and the
opinion of the court has been anxi
The suit involved the practical con
trol of the art of telephoning. It
originated in the United States court
for the district of Massachusetts, where
it was decided in favor of the United
Upon appeal to the circuit court of
appeals for the first circuit this de
cision was reversed and the conten
tions of the Berliner claimants up
From this opinion the United Stn + ♦
appealed to the supreme court.
The decision renders all forms of
battery transmitters other than those
controlled by the Bell company illegal.
It is true there are several opposition
companies now in existence, but the
decision gives the Bell company the
power to enter suit against them and
cause them to retire from business.
Should the Bell company desire to
do so, and it doubtless will, it can
cause every company which is now
covered by the decision of the United
States supreme court to retire from
business. The decision leaves the en
tire field clear to the Bell and it is not
to be supposed that it will hesitate
about taking possession of it. It gives
them the control of telephones in this
country for the next seventeen years,
since the patent does not expire until
GERMANY TO MAKE TERMS.
Greece Is Now In tlie Attitude of a Sup
Advices from Athens state that the
conditions insisted upon by Germany,
the chief of which is that Greece shall
give her formal consent of autonomy
for Crete, will be accepted by the
Greek government. The note of the
powers has not yet been presented,
but it has been drawn and is to the
Upon a formal declaration by Greece that
she will recall her troops and agree to such
an autonomous regime for Crete as the pow
ers In their wisdom shall deem best and ac
cept unreservedly the counsels of the powers,
they will intervene in the interests of peace.
FRUIT GROWERS .MEET.
Georgia Association To Ise Merged Into
the National Union.
The Georgia Fruit Growers’ Associ
ation met at Macon Monday morning.
The attendance was not large, owing
to the prospect of a very light crop
for this season. About forty fruit
growers were present.
John D. Cunningham was called to
the chair. The report submitted says
that last year’s business was not at all
satisfactory. The report in conclusion
recommended that the Georgia associ
ation become a branch of the National
Fruit Growers’ Union. The report
Six Prisoners Gain Their Freedom
Through a llotten Floor.
Six prisoners made their escape from
the Bartow county jail at Cartersville,
The floor and sills of the jail being
rotten, they were lately repaired, all
but one corner, that was left for sound.
Just before time to be shut in their
cells, the prisoners pulled up some
planks, removed the rotten sill and
pulled bricks from the wall to make a
hole large enough to crawl out.
There were eleven prisoners, all ne
groes, in jail. Six had emerged and
ran iDto the streets when the alarm
was given. The others, through fear,
' BAYARD BANQUETED.
His London Friends Honor Him Witl* a
The farewell banquet given at Lon
don Friday evening by the American
Society to Mr. Bayard, former ambas
sador of the United States, was attend
ed by 270 guests.
The company included Ambassador
Hay, Mrs. Hay and all the members
of the Am rican embassay, the lord
bishop of London (Dr. Creigton),
Baron Russell, of Killouen; the lord
chief justice, Sir Francis and Lady
Jeuene, Sir Edwin Arnold, Sir Henry
Thompson, Lady Randolph Churchill,
Lady Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph
Vivian and Miss Genevive Ward, the
actress. But there was a notable ab
sence of the majority of the best known
Americans residing in London.
Mr. Bayard had a cordial reception.
He brought with him the log of the
Mayflower, which he deposited in its
glass case in the reception room,
where it became the center of attrac
The dining room was prettily deco
rated with flowers and banners, the
stars and stripes and the union jack
being entwined about the arms of the
state of Delaware above Mr. Bayard.
The lord mayor of London, in a felic
itious speech, proposed the health of
the president of the United States.
In response to a toast Mr. Bayard
said in part:
“There is nothing we desire to con
ceal except a strange shame-facedness
that tempts us to restrain the love
each feels for the other; but there
never should be a train of doubt as to
that affection between the heads of the
two countries. No man feels this
more than my illustrious successor. If
I was ever worth a button, you have
here a better button to put in my
place. I rejoice in my successor, for
he will be as fair as I have always
sought to be.”
OFFERED CASH FOR VOTE.
Legislative Clerk Mistaken for Member By
Street Railway Lobbyistist.
A sensation developed in the Illi
nois legislature Friday in connection
with the Humphrey bills by a reported
attempt to bribe a committee clerk,
mistaken for a member of the house.
A. L. Hamilton, publisher of the
West Chicago Journal and clerk of the
committee on live stock and dairy,
stated to representatives of the press
that he had been mistaken for Repre
sentative Flannagan by a lobbyist for
the Humphrey bills and offered $7,000
to vote for them.
The Humphrey bills extended the
franchises of all street railways in Illi
nois for 50 years and give the control
of existing roads and new franchises
to specially appointed commissions in
stead of to the boards of aldermen of
the various cities.
CALL COMES DOWN.
Florida Ex-Senator Retires From Race.
Ex-Senator Call, of Florida, with
drew from the senatorial race Friday
and most of his strength went to John
N. C. Stockton, of Jacksonville, a
member of the house who was elected
as an independent.
In nineteen ballots Call’s vote ranged
from 30 to 35, or from 10 to 15 less
an the number necessary to elect.
During most of the balloting State
Senator W. D. Chipley has run from
6 to 10 votes below Call, but in Thurs
day’s ballot he went ahead, and that
fact brought on the ex-senator’s with
Friday’s vote resulted as follows:
Chipley, 37; Stockton, 33; Raney, 20;
Hocker, 3. Buford, 1.
A Subject of Discussion at a Cabinet
The recent heavy gold withdrawals
was a subject of grave consideration at
Friday’s meeting of the cabinet.
Assistant Treasurer Jordan was
called from New York at the instance
of the president and was questioned
at length concerning these heavy
The president and Secretary Gage
expressed anxiety because of them.
They took them as indicative of the
probability of the gold speculators
making another systematic raid upon
the gold in the treasury.
Conference Committee Agree.
The conference committee of the
senate and house reached an agree
ment Friday on the Indian appropria
ATKINSON GUEST OF ELLERBE.
Georgia’s Governor Inspecting South Caro
lina’s Convict System.
Governor Atkinson was in Columbia,
S. C., Friday as the guest of Gover
Georgia’s chief executive spent sev
eral houris n inspecting the peniten
tiary, the hosiery factory within its
walls and inquiring into the details of
During the day the two governors
took a train for Camden, Kershaw
county, near where the big state farms
are situated, on a tour of inspection.
It is supposed that Governor Atkin
son is contemplating recommending a
change in the Georgia convict system.
HOSTILITIES HAVE CEASED.
GREECE GROVELING AT THE FEET
THE POWERS’ TERMS ACCEPTED.
Autonomy for Crete Asuured—Sultan Will
Require Heavy Indemnity to
A special cable di-patch from Athens
says: The diplomatic ponr-parlers,
which proceeded all of Tuesday morn
ing, were brought to a definite con
Greece has formally adhered to the
preliminaries of peace as agreed upon
between the powers, and the heads of
the different legations have received
positive assurances investing them
with authority to treat with Turkey.
M. Skouloudis consulted all day
long Monday with the premier, M.
Ralli, and the king. All the officials
of the foreign office were up all night
in anticipation of the action of the Ger
man minister, who, early Tuesday
morning, sent his secretary to inform
the Greek foreign office that he had re
ceived instructions to join in the rep
resentation of the powers and to prof
As soon as the reply of Greece to
the note of the powers was handed to
the representatives of the powers the
latter telegraphed the Greek decision
to the representatives of the powers at
Constantinople, with the request that
they obtain an armistice with the view
of arranging for permanent peace.
There is a sense of relief in Athens
at the prospect of an immediate end
to the calamitous war. The govern
ment has notified the Greek army of
the mediation of the powers.
The following is the text of the note
of the powers:
“The representatives of France, Italy,
Great Britain, Germany and Austria charge
M. Onou, the representative of Russia, and
the dean of the diplomatic corps to declare
in the name of their respective governments
that the powers are ready to offer mediation
with the view to obtain an armistice and
smooth the difficulties actually existing be
tween Greece and Turkey, on condition that
the Hellenic government declares that it
will proceed to recall its troops from Crete,
adhere formally fo autonomy for Crete and
accept unreservedly the counsels which
the powers may give in the interests of
The reply of the Greek government
was as follows:
The royal government in taking the note
and declaration ol the Prussian representa
tive, acting in the name of the ministers of
the powers, declares that it will proceed to
recall the royal troops from Crete, adhere
formally to autonomy for Crete and confide
the interests of Greece to the hands of the
Another Athens dispatch states that
Greece having accepted mediation,
the ambassadors of the powers at Con
stantinople have been instructed to
approach the Turkish government
with the view of ascertaining upon
what conditions Turkey will agree to
The expenses of the w ar with Greece
are estimated at £5,000,000, which
Greece may be forced to pay as an in
demnity, in annual installments, guar
anteed by the Thessalian revenues.
(QUESTION OF A KISS.
A Sensational Feature of *he Cooper-Dun*
ston Murde ’ t rial.
The Cooper trial at LaGrange, Ga.,
for the murder of Dunson was full of
sensational features Tuesday. The
state put witnesses upon the stand by
whom it was shown that there had
long been a grudge on Cooper’s part
In his statement the prisoner laid
grounds for self-defense by claiming
that he fired the shot through a nerv
ousness that was brought on by the
fear that his life was in danger at the
time Dunson was killed. He never in
timated in any way in that statement,
however, that there had been a disa
greement between him and Dunson
previous to the day on which the kill
But the state presented witnesses
after that statement who swore that
Cooper had told them that Dunson
had attempted to kiss Mrs. Cooper
shortly before her marriage, and that
he would kill him for it. They swore
that Cooper was looking for Dnnson
at the time he made the statement.
The Great Cotton Firms Divided Into
The partnership of the firms of S.
M. In.nan &Cos., of Atlanta, Ga.; In
man & Cos., of Houston, Texas, and
Inman, Sanders & Cos., of Bremen,
Germany, will expire by limitation
September Ist, 1897, and these firms
will be dissolved by mutual consent.
The good will of these firms will go
by agreement to the firms of Sanders,
Swann & Cos., of Atlanta, Ga., and
Bremen, Germany; Inman & Cos., of
Augusta, Ga., and Inman & Read, of
The Inman firm has long been re
garded as one of the greatest cotton
dealing firms in the world.
HOUSE RESUMES BUSINESS.
Mr. Simp.ou, offean.a., Pursues HI. Old
A Washington special says: The
house Monday resumed the transaction
of public business that has been sus
pended since the Indian appropriation
bill was sent to the conference three
The house entered upon the consid
eration of the amendments to the sun
dry civil appropriation bill under a
special order providing for a recess
each day until disposed of.
Mr. Simpson, of Kansas, pursuing
his tactics of the last few weeks, at
tempted to harass the majority with
points of no quorum, but without suc
cess and the democratic lack of har
mony on the subject of party policy
was again in evidence.
During the course of the proceedings
Mr. Dingley, chairman of the ways and
means committee, took occasion to
deny a statement attributed to him to
the effect that he had said the purpose
of the new tariff bill was to allow the
treasury to impound tho greenbacks.
Beyond this, politics played no part
in the proceedings. The general de
bate and most of the debate under the
five minute rule was confined to the
discussion of the senate amendment to
restore the lands reserved as forest
reservations under President Cleve
land’s order of February 22d to the
The consideration of the senate
amendments to the sundry civil appro
priation bill was finished by the house
Tuesday and the bill sent to a confer
ence. President Cleveland’s- forest
reservation order was the subject of
much debate and the house voted not
to concur in the senate amendment to
annul the order with the understand
ing that the conferees should arrange
an amendment which would have the
The most interesting debate was on
the appropriation of $50,000 to im
prove Pearl harbor, in the Hawaiian
islands, which was defeated by a vote
of 85 to 3. At 5:30 o’clock the house
adjourned until Thursday.
The Cuban question occupied the
entire attention of the senate Tuesday,
the debate taking a wide range and at
times becoming spirited wheu com
parisons were made between the atti
tude of the former administration and
the present on the subject of Cuba.
The debate went over until Wednes
New Industries Established in the South
During the Past Week.
Business generally throughout the
south for the past week, as reported by
special correspondents, shows a favor
able increase in volume, and tuilding
operations are especially active.
The iron and steel situation is not
altogether satisfactory and operators
in the east are curtailing the produc
tion of pig iron. The freight reduc
tion of 40 cents on southern pig iron
to central western points has been fol
lowed by correspondingly low quota
tions on Alabama irons, though prices
at furnaces remain practically un
changed. In the north and east this
reduction has stimulated buying and
the demand during the past few days
has shown considerable increase.
In the Tennessee and Alabama coal
districts there has been some trouble
over reductions in wages, but matters
have been amicably settled in Alabama
and it is believed that a satisfactory
agreement will be reached in Tennes
see, thereby preventing a general
The movement in lumber is good
and activity continues to characterize
the export trade.
Among the most important new in
dustries for the week are the follow
ing: Electric light plants at Port
Gibson, Miss., Martin, Tenn., and
Georgetown, Texas; a $50,000 fertili
zer company at Griffin, Ga.; the
Wright Perfected Flour company,
capital $25,000, Bluefield, W. Va.; a
500,000-bushel elevator at Pensacola,
Fla.; the Savannah Locomotive Works,
capital SIOO,OOO, Savannah, Ga.; the
White River Zinc Mining company,
capital $1,000,000, Rush, Ark., the
Willoughby Beach company, capital
$75,000, Norfolk, Va., the Sweetwater
Tanning and Manufacturing company,
capital $20,000, Sweetwater, Tex., and
the J. L. Huling company, capital
SIOO,OOO, to manufacture lumber at
Charleston, W. Va. Other woodwork
ing plants will be established at Lou
isville, Ky., Rutherfordton, N. C.,
Bristol and Memphis, Tenn., and
Weston, Va.—Tradesman (Cattanooga,
WEYLER BACK TO FIELD.
Over Two Hundred Insurgents Killed
During First Ten Days of May.
A special of Tuesday from Havana
says: Captain General Weyler has left
Sancti Spiritus, province of Santa
Clara, for the field.
In the fighting which has taken
place in the first ten days of the month
of May 218 insurgents have been kill
ed and eleven captured. The troops
during the same period lost four men
killed and had ten officers and 119
In addition to the troops captured,
188 stand of arms, 342 horses and 95
armed insurgents surrendered to the
' Spanish authorities.