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TOPICS OF INTEREST RELATIVE
TO FARM AN1) GARDEN.
Calves and Their Food.
An Indiana farmer says in the New
York World: “Farmers not unfrequently
complain (hat they cannot grow calves
economically, and they often sacrifice to
the butcher animals it would pay them
better to keep. Any one of experience
with stock will know before a heifer is
a week old whether it is best to fatten it
for veal or raise for a good milch cow.
Each calf should be examined and its
form and marks noted before that time
and its merits decided upon. Then, if it
is to be kept, eagerness for immediate
profits and the wish to raise it as cheaply
as possible should not be allowed to lead
one to stint the animal too much in milk.
The pennies saved by such treatment
at this stage of the animal’s existence
will be counted in dollars lost on it when
mature. All live stock that is worth
growing gaining at all should be kept steadily
with good food and good treat¬
ment from the very beginning. A plan I
have practiced with satisfactory results is
to take the calves away from the cow
when three days old. As soon as they
have been taught to drink, give them
four quarts of milk morning and night,
using new milk for a month; then for a
fortnight take one-half new and one-half
skim, with a little meal; then for a time
all skim milk and a largcramount of meal;
at the end of two months give sour milk,
barley, hay, grass, etc.”
Surface Versus Subsoil.
A few years since, says Josiah Hoopesin
theNew York Tribune, a controversy arose
among many practical orchardists as to
the benefit of trenching the soil. .Some
advocates of this practice went so far as
to advise cultivators to deepen their soil
in all localities, regardless of its charac
ter. About twenty years ago a promi
nent fruitman fully imbued with the idea
sity that deep trenching was an actual neces
in his ground, prepared several acres
by hand-labor, stirring the soil some
three feet deep. The expense was enor
mous; the result a decided failure. Pear
treca planted on that tract have never
grown so well as the others in flu* viein
ity where the land was not so treated,
and grapevines set tit the same time long |
since p u : 1 away. Three systems were
in Simply vogue for manipulating the lop-soil ^he and ground. loosen 1. j
the strata below -which events proved
the best. 2. Mix surface and subsoil to
getlier—which is to be deprecated. 3.
soil Place the good surface—and soil below; bring the sub¬
to the this was worst
The theory of ameliorating and en¬
riching subsoils by bringing them in con¬
tact with air and applie 1 fertilizers
sounds plausible; but in practice growing it ap¬
pears to poison the roots of
plants—or, at best, affects them disas¬
trously. In sections of nursery stock
where the roots run deep, it is impossi¬
ble to remove the tress without bringing
a portion of the subsoil to the top, and in
all such cases succeeding crops of young
plants feel the difference between this
state of the soil and that which had been
simply ploughed deep. Subsoiling where
the texture of the soil is heavy and
tenacious is doubtless beneficial, but on
all light soils the work seems useless for
trees. One of the newer dogmas of
horticulture is that of preferring firm to
mellow soil for roots to grow in. It has
been demonstrated that the latter can
penetrate the hardest ground with ease;
and rootlets of the couchgrass have been
known to grow directly through a potato
in preference to turning aside. The
power of a growing root is enormous,
and it is a question if the necessity ex¬
ists for pulverizing the soil in any case.
Farm ami Garden Notes.
The latest wrinkle for pigs is lettuce.
Chickens are to be guarded against
hawks, owls, rats and skunks.
If a rat gets into a chicken coop it will
kill every chick if it can have time to
carry them off before being discovered.
No invariable rule can be laid down
for the raising of calves on skim milk and
each feeder must make a rule for each
Whenever the currant worm appears
spray the bushes with white hellebore,
a tablespoonful of the powder to a pailful
Setting has" strawberry plants for on ground
that been in cultivation two or
three years is .advised as a preventive of
Do not kill the mole until satisfied
whether it is an enemy or a friend.
Sometimes the mole destroys a large
number of cutworms and slugs.
Tne demand is increasing throughout
the country for windmills that will not
only pump water, but furnish power for
running various kinds of farm machinery.
Small chickens should never be kept
or fed with old ones. They are apt to be
injured. Have two or three yards and
separate them according to size and
Dampness is bad for young chicks.
Arrange their drinking vessels so that
they caunot get into them, and do not
allow them to run in the wet grass or be
•ut in a storm.
If sheep have free access to salt they
will never over-eat of it, but if salted
occasionally and given it freely they will
eat too much, which provokes unnatural
thirst and possibly injurious effects.
The American Cultivator says if every
farmer would limit himself in ploughing and
to such an area as he can cultivate
manure in the most thorough manner,
there would soon cease to be any com¬
plaint about farming not paying.
Professor Alvord says: “Butter from
cows fed on ensilage stands in the first
class in our most critical markets, and has
done so some years. I do not mean to
refer to extreme cases of irrational, ex¬
clusive feeding of ensilage or ensilage any
approach thereto. On the use of
lam no enthusiast or extremist, but be¬
lieve it to be a valuable—in most cases
invaluable—addition to our list of foods
for cattle; for dairy cattle aud butter
makers at that.
Next to the rose, the ciematis is dou.it
^ ess ^ 1C mos ^ popuiar Rower plant of the
^ a y* It blooms hardily duung the entire
season and embraces a great variety of
beautiful colors. I he clematis us a rapid
climber, and, if carefully trained, attains
1° a height of from tne to fifteen feet w.
a season. Planted so as to cover the pu
^ art} °*- verandas, or trained on a trellis or
stump or other object, it has no equal. It
U ia y a ^ so ph^ded m rocking or wind
’ n ,8’ Rower beds but it will require peg
down. I he large purple tloweis of
tTm variety are produced in the grea es
profusion and remain on the plant a long
time. I his is a \ei\ satisfactory p an o
cultivate, as it met ea>es m size and bean y
Prepare frees for planting by cutting
the tops back in proportion to the amount
of injury done to the roots, which is gen
era Uy from one-half to two-thirds of the
entire top. On this pruning all shoots
should be entirely cut away that are not
needed for the formation of one-half a perfect
head, and the others cut back or
two-thirds of their length. If the head
is not formed high enough upon the
trunk it may often be carried higher by
cutting off jfc.ll lateral shoots, leaving the
most central one for a leader, upon which
will be burned the new head several
inches higher than the first. All injured
roots should have the ends cut smooth
with a sharp knife, and with small fruits,
like the grape, current and strawberry, it
is often desirable to cut back some of the
larger o ones.
How Long a Watch Should Last.
l 6 A first-class watch should last for a
hundred years, if properly taken care of,”
said aweil-knowti watch-maker to a New
York Mail and Express man.
The reason that they wear out is the
fault of the owner and not of the watch.
In the first place, a watch should be
cleaned and oiled once in every eighteen which
mon ths. If this is not done the oil
lubricates the works will dry and the
wor fc s woar out by friction. Another mis
j s to wear a watch in an outside
pocket where it is liable to be jammed. ruined I
have known more watches by
billiard playing than any thing else. In
leaning over to make a long shot the vest
pocket is Ire jucutly brought in violent
contract with the table, and this repeated
jarring ‘Lest cannot fail to injure the works.
The watches are made to-day in
England. They are masterpieces of work¬
manship. 1 should say that the American
watch ranks next, and those manufac¬
tured in Switzerland third in order.
Some watches are made to run e ; ght days
with one winding, but they will never
become popular. Their owners almost
always forget to wind them up on the
eighth in' day. 1 know* of only one or two
this country. They are made in
Switzerland. The usual length of Time
modern watches are calculated to run
with one winding is from thirty to thirty
ing Crawford, the Scout, stated the follow¬
facts about himself at a meeting in
Denver, Colorado: Through the intem¬
perate habits of my father I was de¬
prived of even the rudiments of an ed¬
ucation ; indeed, when I enlisted in the
army to fight for my country I was
obliged to make my cross, not knowing
how to writ) my own name, While
lying wounded in a hospital in West
Philadelphia one of those good angels of
mercy, a Sister of Charity, taught me to
read and write. I had an angel mother,
and when she lay upon her deathbed she
called me to her side, and taking my
hand in hers, said to me: “Johnny, my
son, you know your mother loves you.
I am dying; wilt you not give me a prom¬
ise that 1 can take up to heaven with
me?” “Mother,” I said, “I will promise
you anything.” “Then promise me, my
son, that you will never drink intoxica¬
ting liquor, and it will not be so hard for
me to leave the earth.” Need I tell you,
my friends, that I gave that promise, and
that I have faithfully kept it.”
She is the Idol of My Heart.
bring Well, back then, why don’t you do something to
the roses to her cheeks and the
light to her eyes? Don’t you see she is suffering
from nervous debility, the result of female
weakness? A bottle of Dr. Harter’s Iron Tonic
will brighten those pale cheeks, and send new
life through that wasted form. If you love
hei\ take heed. *
Old pill boxes are spread over the land by
the thousands after having been emptied by
suffering ing, disgusting humanity. What a mass of sicken¬
medicine the poor stomach has
to contend with. Too much strong medicine.
ing Prickly Ash Bitters this is rapidly and surely tak¬
the place of all class of drugs, and is
curing all the ills arising from a disordered
condition of the liver, kidneys, stomach and
Piles Cured for 25 Cents.
T5h. Walton’s Cure for Piles is guaran
li-Bil to cure the worst case of piles. Price 25
cents. At druggists, or mailed (stamps taken)
Walton Remedy < o., Cleveland, O.
A Wholesale Groceryinan.
Mr. T. D. Meador, of the firm of Oglesby fortify &
Meador, the thinks sudden it just attacks as important of the bowels, to
against the household. as
against the robber that invades
He says Dr. Riggers’ shot Huckleberry troubles. Cordial is
the weapon, a dead to bowel
Shetland ponies are never over 42 inches high.
Many bogus ones are sold in the South.
and Don’t disgust but everybody Dr. Sage’s by hawking, Catarrh blowing Rem¬
edy spitting, be cured. use
Jersey City, amounting N. J., lias an $6,000,000. accumulation of
unpaid taxes to
pws IT IS A P U RELY VEGETABLE PREPARATION
Fi! J urn
lj!| other EcyjAuy efficient a em notes
ill It has stood the Test of Years,
i n Curing all Diseases of the
EL00D, LIVER, STOM¬
ELS, &e. It Purifies the
TaASHlf' » Blood, Clean Invigorates the Sys and
BITTERS ses tem.
CURES PATION, JAUNDICE,
ALLDISEASES OFTHE SICKHEADACHE,BIL¬
LIVER IOUS COMPLAINTS, &c
KIDNEYS its disappear neficial at once infl under
STOMACH It its*cathartic is purely a Medicine
AND as forbids proper¬
BOWELS,, ties its use as a
S^T beverage. It is pleas¬
i- ant to the taste, and as
! ' BY**- easily taken by child¬
ALUMjGGISJS j ren as adults.
,j i PRICKLY ASH BITTERS CO
Iv™ i PRICE] D0LIAR j St.Louis Sule aud Proprietors, Ksnsa City
m to $8 a day. Samples worth *1.50. FREE.
Lines not under the horse’s feet, write
Brewster Safety Rein Holder Co., Holly, Mich.
30 «■§ k Sb By return mall. Full Description of Wreaa
9It, Mooiy'a New Taller System Cincinnati, 0
Uattln*. MOODY & CO.,
OPIUM Habit Cured. Treatment sent on trial.
Humane Remedy Co., LaFayette, Ind. |
- J .:**$
[So ’v<; „
«| /f‘' > '\s'~*' y'± rSK I-slf
SWA'P* 5 ?.*/® Fk =V-^w * * 4»sS^ i
Thi? represents a healthy life. Just such a life as thev enjoy
Throughout its various scenes. Who use the Smith's Bile Beans.
SimltU's BILE BEANS purify the blood, by aetlnz The original Photograph. .
directly aud promptly on the Liver, Skin and. l£id- that P*iA e U;: lz ^ ° f th *f
ney>. has They equal consist- medical of a vegetable combination Constipa- stanuVa Address? i rit
no in science. They cure
tion, Malaria, and Dyspepsia, and are a safeguard “ bile BEAKS,
against and all forms of fevers, chills and fever, gall stones, St. I-oui», Mo.
Bright's disease. Send 4 cents postage for a ---— ~~ 7 ~
pie package and test the TRUTH of what we say. Price, 25 cents per botue*
mailed to any address, postpaid. DOSE ONE BEAN. Sold by druggists.
J. P. SMITH: <*> GO., PKOPKtETokS, ST. XjOUIS, BCCP
“ROUGH ON RATS." I*
i % i u
This is what killed your poor father. Shun it.
future Avoid anything useful (?) containing We it throughout older heads your
ject to its special ‘Rough’neas,’
DON’T FOOL with insect SL™
in futile efforts pow¬
der, borax or what not, used at s
random all over the house to get
rid les. of For Roaches, 3 Water-bugs, 8 nights suriakle Beet¬
“Bough on Rats’ drypowder.i ,
about and down the sink, drain
pipe. First thing in the morning wash it all
away down the sink, drain pipe, when all the
insects from garret to cellar will disappear.
The secret Is in the fact that wherever insects
are in the house,they must DA HUnVifkU Af>UCO
drink during out Rats, the Mice, night. Bed-bugs, Flies, Beetles.
Clears Rats,” is sola all around
“Rough on the
world, in every clime, is the most extensively
advertised and has the largest sale of any
article of its kind on the face of the globe.
DESTROYS POTATO BOOS
For Potato Bugs, Insects on Vines, etc., a table¬
spoonful of the applied powder, well with shaken, in a keg
of water, and whisk broom. sprinkling Keep it well pot,
stirred spray syringe, 15c., or 25c. and 01 Boxes. Agr. size.
<mf: BED BUGS,
Roaches, jack ante, water-bugs, moths, rats, mice, 15a
(Sparrows, rabbits, squirrels, gophers.
THE ONLY TRUE
Will purify th« BLOOD regulaU
the LIVER and KIDNEYS and
Rkstobk the HEALTH andVTGk
, OR of YOUTH. Dyspepsia,Want
L A of Appetite, Indigestion,Lack of
B Strength and Tired Feeline ah.
solutely cured: Bones, mus.
,.;jgk c!o 3 and nerves receive new
force. Enlivens the mind
^■ sIslK and supplies Brain Power.
I 1 - - i -" Suffering from complaints find
bMUBEiO A I 15 peculiar to their sax will
in DR. HARTER’S IRON
TONIO a. safe and snaedv cure. Gives n oioar, heal¬
thy complexion. Frequent popularity attempts of the at original. counterfeit¬ D*
ing only add to tbo
not experiment—get the Obiginal and Best,
i Dr. HARTER’S LIVER Complaint PILLS Sick V I
■ Cure Constipation,Liver and Book!
■ Headache. Sample Dose and Dream
■ THE mailed DB. on HARTER receipt of two oenta tn postage, f
-A SCHOOL FOR YOUNG LADIES
ings, Healthy location lighted, ; handsome grounds (15 acres); capacious build¬
well heated and ventilated ; fine librarv. apparatus
and equipment; 17 teachers ; thorough and coir.ple'te course of
instruction. Best advantages in music, elocution, painting, etc.
No sectarianism. 36th annual session begins Monday, Sept. 5th,
1837. 0^7* Price* reasonable. Ini.vsTHa.TBD C*talogub Fbeb,
ROBT. D. SMITH, President, Columbia. Tenn.
PAYStheFREICHT 5 To* Wagon Seales,
•ron Levers, Steel Bearings, Brut
Tare Beaa and Beam Box for
| eybit «ii« Scale. For pn*«lUt
mentioa thU paper and addreat
JONES OF SINGH4MT8N,
BINGHAMTON. N. T.
J.P. STEVENS &BR0.
JEWELERS. Atlanta, Ga,
lead far Catalogue.
k nifx vl'j fiCECD Urrfclf. To introduce them, we win
Give Away 1,‘JOO Self
Opcruting Washing Machines. If you want
oiiesea i usyournarue.'e.G.andexpressoffi National Co,. 27 St..N.Y. e
atop’*'. TIip »-v
Blair s riffs, Great English Gout and
Ova! Bax, 34; round, id !*;!»?«.
> . N. IT....... ........Thirty, ’ST.