V* UY \\\c vs' C oVvuww.
[From tho Southern Farmer's Monthly ]
Sowing Small Grain.
Umlcr the pressure of a much di
minished'grain supply, the scarcity of
corn and forage for work animals in
a great portion of the Southern and
Western producing States much will
he said and written about the absolute
necessity of sowing extensively oi
small grain. Our journals of agi icul
lure, and press generally, will teem
wdh advice and warning upon this
most important stop to he taken by
our farmers and planters to save them
selves a famine in stock food during
the ensuing year. It were well this
advice was heeded, and every energy
hunt to have rea<!y at the earliest mo
ment of spring work rye. oats, barley,
wheat to cut and feed green and in
hay form, saving the necessity of buy
iiig corn at twice its value, and prob
ably not to he had at all in some sec
tions. If these notes of warning could
fortunately fall upon the eais of those
most lacking (in their full force) or he
appreciated, and could directions he
followed now properly and economi
cally, this supply of forage could he
secured. This work of constant writ
ing and advice would be amply repaid
and encouraged in an exhibition o!
plenty of these products, at tiie right
time and wit ft little or less expendi
ture of seed, labor and time than will
he given to this work.
Sowing grain, unfortunately with
most farmers, means just that old care
less. slovenly manner of scattering the
costly seed, and turning them under,
consoling themselves that they have
done the work, and expect a return of
a crop, by accident, perhaps ; for it is
an accident if they make a part of a
croj , with weeds and turf, all hail
broken, turned up over the seed, with
an ancient half worn turning plow,
running two inches under the surface.
Unfortunately these farmers, least lit
ted with implements of cultivation,
and most indifferent as to work, are
the very ones who need most supplies
and journals and papers don't reach
them, or if told of the value of time
and labor in putting in grain properly,
will say, “This is too much trouble
and expense. I will slap it in as my
father did, and let it do what it will.”
The cultivation of grain on thin or
exhausted land in this way is more
than a loss of work, and had better be
Even on thin soil, with good prepa
ration and tho seed put in properly,
cither turned in with a plow after
wards or put in with a cultivator or
harrow, and the land left smooth by
the harrow, will often make a fair re
turn, if done in the fall months.
Your writer begs to offer the follow
Png experience for years past in mak
ing most of rye and oats as a food for
work animals, saving space of ground,
work and much labor of harvesting,
preparing best lots, or small areas of
land, using either cotton seed or a
fertilizer economically on the plowed
surface. The seed are distributed as
follow s : Not less than two and a half
bushels of oats or one and a half
bushels of rye per acre. A cultivator
is then dragged over this and a liar
row across the cultivator waj'. This
leaves the land in smooth, beautiful
order for the cradle, scythe blade, or
mower or reaper. When the rye,
which is just large enough to foot*, is
ready, stock is given a little green
every (lay. As soon as the rye is in
full bloom—still the stalk is green
before seed arc formed, put the mower
into it and make rye hay. Did you
ever mow and save rye hay ? It only
requires one bright, sunlit day in our
beautiful Southern May climate to
cure rye. liakc it up topsy-turvy with
your horse rake, and haul it in or stack
it for future or immediate use. Now.
soon the oats arc in bloom, and your
horses and mules much prefer this
food, cut whilst green, a little every
day. When the seed arc in a dough
state, and the stalk is still green, put
the mower through, and make hay of
this, using horse rake like in the rye
—no binding in sheaves. It takes
two days of sun to cure oats into haj*.
With this oat hay, you have got corn
and fodder, and if much of it your
horses won't need corn or fodder.
They will quit this latter food and eat
the oat hay, not leaving a stalk of it.
Green and sweet; you have cured in
the stalk all the elements of perfect
100 1, in good dilution, that would have
been manufactured up into seed, when
the stalk would be worthless. Your
r\e hay may now rest till fall or win
ter, when your horses will consume,
with a little corn, every sprig of this.
You will leave enough of cither grain
in parts of tour patch to mature for
seed, to be cut and put in bundles for
see l, at the proper time. I was driven
to this plan to avoid, annually, a loss
of a part, or all, of my oat crop. Just
as my grain was ripening and seed
perfecting, annually, 1 found rust on
iny oat stalks. Now, the stalk in my
climate is always unhealthy at this
particular time, and a rain wets it like
paper, and the least wind lodges it.
The grain all falls down. A dry time
is absolutely necessary to save inv
ripe grain. Cut at the period above
mentioned, I never lose my oat crop.
I got all and in the most healthy order,
for the disease has not exhibited it
self at this period. Only occasionally
you see a little rust at the bottom of
the stalk. Now, a small area of wheat
treated and fed in the same way helps
along, and hogs fatten on it when in
the green or dough state. Someone
will sav : “ Ilut don't you injure your
laud by this plan ?” I only take in
dilution, perhaps, the same amount of
potash, phosphate lime, or starch, or
gluten, that would have been stored
up in the ripe seed. Hut, suppose I
injure the land ? I must only feed it
more ; give back to it by rest and ma
Small areas of good land treated in
this way are worth as onejto ten of the
ni l sloven way—to cradle all day in
weeds and briars and not make wages,
i have not estimated what a rich acre
of rye or oats will yield in hay treated
in this way. More than the ordinary
richest grass—for these are but luxu-!
riant annual grasses.
of grain in way of green soiling or hav
is desired, the drill system, with the’
manure in the furrow with the grain,
will give it. For early cutting, in De
cember perhaps, certainly in February
iiere. lay off rows three feet apart on
broken surface, and drill in same
amount of seed as for broadcast. Of
rye, oats or wheat, drill in manure or
fertilizer, three hundred pounds per
acre, and cover with a double sCooter.
When the weeds show themselves in
the middles, I put Urn sweep or small
cultivator through. 'This stimulates
the grain, and the growth is "most
wonderfully rapid, giving two or three
cuttings before being expended. Rye
will give three. The largest crops per
acre of grain arc grown by this drill
system. W. JL Jonks.
Get out Doors.
The close confinement of all factory
work, gives Iheoperalives pallid faces,
poor appetite, languid, miserable feel
ings, poor blood, inactive liver, kid
ne\ sand urinary troubles, and ail the
phvsichins and medicine in the world
cannot help them unless they get out
doors or nse Hop Filters, the purest
and best remedy, especially for such
cases, having abundance of health,
sunshine and rosy cheeks in them.
They cost but a trifle. Christian Tie
Asew, Delightful and Fashionable Perfnnie.
Sold by druggists and fancy goods dealers. None genuine
without signature of HISCOX & CO., Chemists, N. Y.
" (linger, Hueliu, Mandrake, Stillingia and'
.many of the best medicines known are combined]
■in Parker’s Ginger Tonic, into a medicine of<
[such varied and effective powers, as to make it'
!the greatest Blood Purifier and the !
Best Health & Strength ltestorer pvernsed.'
, It cu cs Dyspepsia, Rheumatism, Ncural-i
§ia, Sleeplessness, and all diseases of the!
tomach, Bowels, Lungs, Liver, Urinary
[Organs, and all Female Complaints.
, If you are wasting away with Consumption or!
■any disease, use the Tonic to-day. No matter,
[what your symptoms are, it will surety help you.'
, Remember! This. Tonic never intoxicates/
•cures drunkenness, is the Best Family Med-,
[icine ever made, and entirely different from'
[Bitters, Ginger Preparations, and other Tonics/
• Buy a 50c. bottle of your druggist. None gen-!
’uine without our signature on outside wrapper..
[ -• Hiscox & Cos.. Chemists, N. V. '
PARKER’S HAIR BALSAMISSdS
Voy W u\c\\e-?>, CYocVls,
Jewelry and Silverware.
CALL ON THE
The largest and best assorted stock in the
city. Headquarters for
Guns and Pistols!
ALL KINDS OF
Ammunition aM Hunters’ Snilies
Always 011 Hand.
ALL KINDS OF
done promptly and neatly.
MY GOODS WERE BOUGHT FOR
and I will sell cheap. Give me a call, and
look at my stock.
W. A. TALMADGE,
Athens, - Georgia
THIS Harrow is simple in its construc
tion. combining strength and light
ness. ami cannot easily yet on of order.
It revolves continually while in operation/
so that turf, stones, corn buts, or nnv oth
er obstruction of the kind cannot clog it.
The reason of it is the rapid motion of the
teeth : therefore, as a Pulverizer. Soil Mix
er. Destroying Bermuda (Pass, and for
Covering Drain, it has no equal. We ear
nestly invite all farmers, mechanics and
business men to examine this Harrow, feel
ing assured that it cannot fail to meet their
highest approval. The following named
gentlemen, who have bought and used
them have authorized the proprietor to re
fer to them, at Athens, Da. : John A.
Meeker, J. X. Montgomery, A. L. Hear
ing, Thomas Hudson, Athens, (la., and
many others. J. 11. NEWTON.
Sept. 23 Owner Patent State of Ga.
A. R. Robertson,
Large lot of specimens ready for lettering.
0-1 ATE nVUE j&. CALL.
A. R. ROBERTSON,
SsbHi •'Georgia, i
The lcadiDgSeieiiJiiifs oS' to-day
agree that most diseases arc caused by
disordered Kidneys or Liver. If, there
fore. the Kidneys and Liver arc kept in
perfect order, perfect health will he the re
sult. 'litis truth has only been known a
short time and for years people suffered
great agony without being able to find re
lief. The discovery of Warner's Safe Kid
ney and Liver Cure marks anew era in the
treatment of these troubles. Made from
a simple tropical leaf of rare value, it con
tains just the elements necessary to nour
ish and invigorate both of these groat or
gans, and safely restore and keep them in
order. It is a E^OfifTi’SVfci BSemodt
for all the diseases that cause pains in the
lower part of the body—For Torpid Liver
—ll cu'laches—-Jaundice— Di/ zi i less— b ra
vel—Fever, Ague—Malarial Fever, and
all difficulties of the Kidneys. Liver and
It is an excellent and safe remedy for
females during Pregnancy ft will control
Menstruation and is invaluable for Loucor
rhcoa or Falling of the Womb.
Asa Blood Purifier it is imequaled. for
it cures the organs that make the blood.
This Remedy, which has done such won
ders. is put up in the LARGEST SIZED
BOTTLE of any medicine upon the mar
ket. and is sold by Druggists ami all. deal
ers at per bottle. For Diabetes,
enquire for WARNER’S SAFE DIA
BETES CURE, it is a POSIT J V E Rem
edy. H. H. WARNER a CO.,
Rochester. N. A .
CROWN’S lIU )N BITTERS aro
a certain cure for all diseases
requiring a complete tonic; espe
cially indigestion, Dyspepsia, Inter
mittent Fevers, Want of Appetite,
Lioss of Strength, Lack of Energy,
etc. Enriches the blood, strength
ens the muscles, and gives new
life to the nerves. Acts like a
ciiarm on the digestive organs,
removing all dyspeptic symptoms,
such as tasting tho food, Belching,
Heat in tiie Stomach, Heartburn,
etc. The only Iron Preparation
that will not blacken the teeth or
give headache. Sold by all Drug
gists at $l.OO a bottle.
BROWN CHEMICAL. CO. ®
Baltimore, Bid. •
See that all Iron Bitters are made by Brown Chemical
Cos. and have crossed red lines and trade marl£ on wrapper
BEWARE OF IMITATIONS.
&-i j£‘s ts Kj Hr**"**
|p|i w h .e utTeh^S
. -O R
'SAFES FOR RAILROAD TICKE I OFFICES 1
FOR RAILROAD ANQ. EXPRESS COMPANIES
ESTIMATES AND DRAWINGS FURNISHED
POUND CORNER yl
EXT-r R AgSECUHE
l ate K 3 / •
I 7iB A a^ £W Y ORK .
I GENERAL AafcNTtfOß
IDIEBOLD SAFEfLOCK CQ
11l ILL keep on hand, in Jcfibr.son, a
full supply of
of all sizes, and at prices to suit the times.
Every effort will he made to serve parties
promptly and satisfactorily.
apl 20 W. A. WORSIIAM.
\\ iv\\&\Ac . >
His found that the effect of the j
JighU in conservatories is,
-yimuiEting to Hie vitality of the
A miller at Peru, ImL, is convinced 1
that a long beard is dangerous i 1 his
business, and no longer wears one.!
A revoking shaft pulled out every
hair of it.
At his death Washington was the
richest President we ever had. He left
an estate worth SBOO,OOO. And lie
never traveled round the world nor
handed round his hat.
Robert Bloskie. who has just died in
Wabash lint., had for nine years lived
chief!v on dog meat, which he declared
to be wholesome and palatable. llis
family relished the same food, r.rnl
propose to continue its use.
In one of the ‘Switzerland land
slides a whole I rapt of wood slipped
down a hillside and spread over some
meadows without uprooting or even
injuring the trees, thus converting at
one stroke a tract of pasturage into a
piece of forest land.
The French Minister of War has
just effected a minor reform to secure
the ready identification of soldiers
who may be wounded or killed on the
field of battle. For this purpose every
man will in future wear a metal plate
Suspended from the neck.
A house was taken to pieces for re
moral, atNegaunee, Mich., arid on the
following morning nearly every bit of
it was mrssing. A search among
twenty-seven families' wood piles
solved the mystery, and twenty-seven
fines of $lO each were imposed.
The latest invention reported by a
Japanese journal is that of Otsuka
Minakiold, who. after extensive expe
riments. is said to have succeeded in
making rifles of silk. They arc de
scribed “as rigid as iron guns, while
they are easy of carriage and have a
very long range.”
A m<-l) at Men dot a. 111., put a noose
around a burglar's neck, and then
gave him his choice between hanging
and promising to plead guilty when
arraigned in court. lie promised, of
course, and the lynchers, having thus
succeeded in preventing a fair trial,
dispersed without murdering the
The Zoological Garden at Moscow’
is said to be in possession of a horse
without hair. It was sent from
Turkestan by Gen. Ivaufmann. The
color of the horse's skin is red, and
his points care said to be admirable.
He is, however, very sensitive to the
cold, and has to be kept warm bj'
thick woollen cloths.
Strong efforts are being made, but
without much success, to turn the
stream of emigration aside from the
United States. Canada, on the north,
is paying a part of the steamship fares
of persons who promise to settle on
her lands and Mexico, on the south,
failing by other means, has just made
a contract for the colonization of 200
Italian families, who will be provided
with land, implements, and stock free.
The vilest murder that lias long
been hoard of has just lvepn put to
death in Dortmund. Germany. lie
killed a woman, and when, subsequent
ly* the deed was traced to him through
bloody clothes that he had worn at the
time, ho denied his guilt and accused
his father of the crime, sayingthat the
old man had worn his clothes while
commuting the murder for the purpose
of throwing suspicion upon him.
'i he C’<u: r t of Pekin, according to
news published in Franco, hap been
Li Town into great trepidation by tiie
appearance above the capital ofa com
et. This astronomical portent has
often coincided with the death of a
ruler of the Celestial empire, and
therefore the Emperor Kouang is
thought to he in danger of assassina
tion. The comet has arrived, too. : t
the moment of the publication of a
*nndal concerning tiie Empress Re
A number of Kansas retail mer
chants have signed an agreement to
buy no goods through drummers.
“In some respects the system is a
convenience,” they say in a circular
sent to Chicago and St. Louis firms ;
“ but your agents occupy too much of
our time, and are too little disposed
to take no for an answer. We find
that they force themselves and their
goods upon U3, and have decided to
make a stand against them.”
In the form of report employed by
officers on guard at Gibraltar it is
customary to insert, if all has gone as
usual, “ N. lb—Nothing extraordina
ry.” One day an officer fell down a
precipice and was killed, but when
the young Scotchman on guard handed
in his guard report, “Nothing extra
ordinary” appeared on it. An ex
pianation being demanded, the reph
was: “Aweel, sir, I dinna think
there’s anything extraordinary. If
he'd faun doon a prefipice 400 feet
and not been killed I should hae
thought it vara extraordinary, and
wad hae put it down in ma report.”
According to an English geograph
ical writer, there are four vast areas
stiil to be opened up or traversed by
civilized man. and which, among them,
constitute about one seventeenth of
the whole area of the globe. Of these,
there is the antarctic region, which in
extent is about sevety five times that
of Great Britain; the second lies
about the north polo; the third is in i
Central Africa, and the fourth in
Western Australia. The south polar
region referred to is almost eontermi- I
nous with the antarctic circle. The
vast .African area reaches on the west
vary’ closely to the coast, and it is
only near the equator that is has more
than superficially been driven inland.
In Australia, the great undeveloped
region is that which lies west of the
track explored from north to south by I
Sluart, and which now forms the line j
of telegraphic communication across]
that continent. j
FIRE PROOF MESSENGER BOXES
-i - ■niiiiw-- -yi ii iirtjtMT • rnrnt and
tyk. u. b. ada i if,
June 10—*81. Gainesville, Ga.
JOHN J. STIiIOKLANI)~
A TTORN KY-A T-L AAV,
1) ANTE LS VILLE, G A.,
Will promptly attend to rll business en
trusted to him. dec 17,jPS0.
R. N. II CASH.
Tenders his professional services to the
surrounding country, itheumatism, Neu
ralgia and the diseases of women a speci
alty. Feb. 13th. ISSO. ly
A TTOR X EY-AT-La W,
Gain ics vi lle. < la.
Prompt and faithful attention given to
all business placed in his hands.
]LEY C. 110 WARD,
A TTOE N ICY-AT-L A W,
Will attend faithfully to all business en
trusted to his care. inch 4,
OILMAN &■ THOMPSON.
O A 'l'T( K NEYS-AT- L AW,
Will practice in Jackson and adjoining
CHARLES STEIEtISr &> CO.,
OLD STAND !
HAVING resumed business at my old
stand, in Harmony Grove, Ga., I am
now ottering for sale one of the largest and
Stock of Goods
EVER BROUGHT TO
Flannels, Linseys, all kinds of Dress
Goods. Cashmeres, Silks, Worsteds,
Alpacas, Calicoes. Ac. Cloaks
and Shawls, Trimming Silks
and Satins, all colors;
Ladies’ Hats, trim
med and untrim
-0 mings, Buttons
all kinds ; Ladies’
Cults, Corsets. Hose, and all
other Dress Goods ; lull line of
Hardware, Toilet Soaps, Colognes,
Stationery. Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats.
Gent’s Underwear, Jeans, Shirting,
Sheeting, Factory Checks, Tick
ing, Bleaching. Stoves, Tin
ware. Trunks. Clocks,
And other articles too numerous to men
tion. I desire tiiat my old customers, and
all who wish to examine rny stock, should
call. They will receive kind treatment.
My stock was bought low. and will be
sold at living prices. Give me a call, and
price for yourself.
Respectfully, C. V'. 11001).
Ihrmony Grove, Ga., Oct. 14, 1881.
it* "or (Sale!
1 OFFER for sale my plantation in Jack- j
son county, on the Jefferson and Law
renceville road, eight miles from the for
mer place, containing two hundred acres,
more or less, A good dwelling, contain
ing nine rooms, with other necessary out
buildings, on the place. Sixty acres clear
ed land, fifteen or twenty acres of it river
bottom, the remainder old pine field and
original forest. Any one wanting to pur
chase land in Jackson county, can get a
bargain in said place.
Oct. 2Sth, 1881. G. M. D. MOON..
*JL Oc > TTOvJ
Can be supplied ivith the finest Cooking Stoves
ever brought to the market of Northeast Georgia..
With our excellent Cook Stoves ) we give everything
in the Kitchen for all cooking purposes, and guar
antee in every cook stove to give satisfaction. If
you want something that is good and will be cer
tain to give yon satisfaction,
To W. H. JONES, Sup't,
tlie “ Red Store,”
Athens. Ga.. Sept. 16th. 1881.
One Thousand People Wanted!
TO BUY THOSE CHEAP GOODS AT
PARKER & CAMP BROS.
We tire receiving daily, a large and well selected assortment of
FANCY AND FAMILY GROCERIES,
Canned G oods,
Sugars, Coffees, Teas, Syrup, and the Best Mackerel
Z3NT THE CITY.
WE CALL SPECIAL ATTENTION TO OUR STOCK OF
vs\voe.v>, WolY'c*, T N,oV>c\fceo^.-
We have bought in large quantities, and can offer
TO THOSE PURCHASING
BAGGING AND TIES.
REMEMBER, WE SEEL ONLY AT
ROCK. BOTTOM PRICES I
Highest Market Price Paid for Cotton.
Call and See Tliat We Mean What We Say!.
PARKER S' CAMP BROS.,
Feb. 25 No. 12 Ilroad Street, Athens, Ga.
J. N. MONTGOMERY,
(Broad Street, next door to Col. Dobbs, Athens, Ga.)
UOUIS COOK’S BUGGIES,
Carriages db Harness,
W})ich I warrant equal to any sold in this market at same prices.
THE OLD HICKORY WAGON—warranted as good as the best.
THE FARQCHAR ENGlNE—noted for power and durability.
THE FARQCHAR SEPARATOR—nothing better nor cheaper in market.
THE ATLAS ENGINE—one of the most popular and cheajxst on the market.
The well-known ECLIPSE ENGINE, and the BOOK WALTER ENGINE, 6J Horse-
Power, for s‘lss.
The well-known BROWN COTTON GIN, CONDENSER and FEEDER. Cheapest
Gin on the market.
Also, the celebrated HAJLL GIN; nothing liner. COTTON PRESSES. PORT
ABLE CORN. WHEAT and SAW MILLS, SORGHUM MILLS. EVAPORATORS,.
SHINGLE MACHINES. The well-known OLIVER CHILLED TURN PLOW,.
SULKY and GANG PLOWS. Improved HARROWS, GRAIN DRILLS, REAP
ERS. MOWERS, and other improved agricultural implements. Also, several brands,
of FERTILIZERS. ENGINES and other articles kept on hand.
•Sept o-iy J. N. MONTGOMERY.
C_ ID.' HVE’KIEJ,
ATHENS, ------- G-EORGTA.
AGENT FOR T. T. HAYDOCK’S
Cincinnati Buggies & Carriages,
The Columbus Buggy Co’s Fine Buggies and Carriages,
THE CELEBRATED HiUrarn One and Two-Horse FARM WAGON,
SSy“A good assortment of Harness. Also Manufacturers’Agents for the V TX
SIIIP COTTON GIN, Cotton Press, Condenser and Feeder,, the best gin outfit or?
the market. Steam Engines, Saw Mills and Agricultural Implements. Prompt at
tention paid to orders. Terms liberal. Oflicc and Ware-Rooms, corner Claytom
and Thomas Streets, Athens, Ga.
■i uiy22 JOHN WINN, Salesman.
WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER*
ATHENS, . . . GEORGIA.
CHARLES A. SCUDDER*
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY ami SILVERWARE.
4 LL kinds of Repairing done by the latest improved methods. (!old Plating an l -’
xjl Engraving. All jobs and orders sent by mail or Express promptly attended to.
BRUMBY’S DRUG STORE, College Avenue, Athens, Ga. - sep JO