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The Grady County progress. (Cairo, Grady County, Ga.) 1910-19??, October 21, 1910, Image 1

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HI VOL. CAIRO, GRADY COUNTY* GEORGIA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1910. NO. 14 f SEED CANE Government Expert Makes a Few Suggestions GIVING SOME PREVENTIVE MEASURES Red Rot, a Serious New Cane Dis ease—How to Distinguish the Disease in the Fall. ' J The United States government is taking some interest in the cane industry of this section, especially that of diseased cane. Below we publish an article on how to save seed cane: Red Rot, a Serious New Cane Disease It has'been found that the losses of cane in the plant beds and the poor stands resulting from the planting of diseased canes during recent years in South Georgia are due to the ravages of a dis ease called “Red Rot,” which is ■comparatively new in this coun try but better known in Hawaii and the West Indies. Sometimes difficulty has been experienced in carrying seed cane through the' winter in would be apparently alright when put •away but in the spring many of >.the eyes would be all right when put away but in the spring many of the eyes would be dead and the cane on cutting would show . -reddish discolorations around the joints and in the, pith. Mr. W. B. Roddenbery brought this situa tion to the attention of the' De partment of Agriculture at Wash ington, who found in the diseased canes a fungus that was identi fied as the red rot fungus. Later search showed that this existed in Lousiana. The situation is sufficient ser ious to warrant earnest efforts to reduce the injury, as . it cuts heavily in the profits of the cane grower to lose a considerable por tion of his seed cane and to cul tivate a field where ten to fifty per'cent of the stand is missing. Preventive Measures It has been found already that the first stages of the disease can be detected in the fall. The se£d canes are thus detected in the fall, and the conditions in the beds during the warm days of winter are ideal for encouraging its spread through the canes,and it is no wonder that the infected plants are in bad condition in the spring, nor that the red rot spreads before spring to other canes that were healthy in the I f all: The department hopes to conduct experiments to deter mine the most practical remedy. At the present time the farmers can draw on the experience of other sections which have learned that careful selection of seed _ cane is neccessary^to avoid this trouble. How to Distinguish the Disease in the Fall The ordinary observer will see no trace of red retail the field in the fall until his attention is called to the red discolorations at the base of certain canes. Look closely at the,-lower joints of canes that show sunken spots below the joint that have a shreadded appearance, and a red color where the fungus has started to work into.the cane. All dis ease canes should be discarded. The department of Agriculture recommends that the farmers se lect for next year’s seed canes that show no trace of this disease A little additional work will be required to go through the fields and choose these vigorous, healthy canes, but the returns should make it worth while. The plant bed should be located, if possible, where cane has not been recent ly grown, in order to get away from any soil infection. It is al so recommended on general prin ciples that the cane be planted on land not in cane last year. The seed selection is, however, more important than the rotation. Yours truly, W. A. Orton Pathologist in charge of cotton and Ruck Diseas es and Su gar Plant Investigation. "AR01D-THE-STITE” Make Unfavorable Com ments on Grady’s Roads. LAST OF BUNCH GO THROUGH TODAY all probability the largest yield of corn ever made on a single acre of land was grown in the south by a southern farmer on a piece of land that a few years be fore the record crop was pro duced was considered to be a very low grade of fertility. However improved methods in soil treatment, preparation; fer tilization and cultivation, aided by the right kind of seed corn Mrs. Governor Brown Presented with a Box oi Georgia Cane Syrup Candy and Box oi Grady Pecans Seated the Governor. No Trouble to Gelt a Large Yield From Grady County Soil—Aver age Yield About 40 Bushels. It doesn’t take special prepara tion of land nor extra amount of commercial fertilizer to get large yield of corn in Grady county, as has been proven by Mr. Joe Hig don who got 1,800 bushels off of 50 acres, Rev. \V. C. Jones 1200 bushels off of 40 acres, rows were 7 feet apart. C. G. Stevens 40 bushels per acre, J. J. Gop- page the.sripe.' An old negro named S. G. Cal loway on 1 acre made 80 bushels by using 200 pounds of commer cial fertilizer to the acre. „ The above are not isolated cases but about the average through out the county where the crops were worked. M iU-NH pm 1,510 IS HOW to plant, enabled this piece of ;m Round-State Autolsts Are Now In Macon. Macon, Oct. 18.—With the sec ond section, consisting of thirty-five Atlanta territory cars, res ing in Macon, after an easy and unevent ful run from the capital city today, and the first section clustered some twenty strong all told, around the Macon entries in Albany, and twentv-five other cars scattered about the state in their various con trols, the round-'the-state-fqqd-roads tourists were pretty well centered in Middle and South Georgia to night. To-morrow .morning the second section will commence 1 to string out from here at 6:30. Miss Regina Rambo, driving a Columbia, has nothing but women in her car, a Marietta entry. She “fired” the expert male mechanician at Macon tonight, and the gritty, slender girl of 20 will, unaided, pilot her big car around the state. Gov. Brown’s wife is one of her party. The “around-the-state” tour ists have been passing through Cairo all the week. Thirty-four cars the last of the tourists, passed through Thurs day morning. They report that Grady’s roads are about the worst yet, notwith standing that a few enterprising citizens of Cairo contributed money to “work” the road out. This feature alone will do the county more harm than can be repaired in years. The Macon Telegraph’s car and two other Macon cats did not stop but went through the town at a high clip. From what could be gathered the tourists were well pleased with this section of the state- _The town furnished the tour ists with refreshments at Wight & Browne’s which was the head quarters for those stopping in Cairo. ' Our k'cal auto owner© showed the Atlanta tourists great respect The president of the local banks went out Thursday morning in their cars to meet them. Mr. Walter Davis, president of the Cairo Banking Co. has recent ly purchased one of the best auto mobiles in‘town. He took with him Sheriff Nicholson and Sena tor-elect Graham and went out toward Whigham to meet the At lanta tourist. The car driven by Miss Ram bo, of Marietta, and occupied by her mother and Mrs. Governor Brown met with quite a reception here, remaining sometime. The ladies of Cairo literally covered it with flowers. Mr, Kedar Powell presented Mrs. Brown with a box of candy made from Grady county sugar cane syrup, and al so sent Governor Brown a box of pecans from a tree estimated to yield 500 pounds this year.- Hon. John R. Holder, speaker of the last house met a number of friends here and seemed to be at home. ^ land, under the 'management of Z. J. Drake,of Marlborough coun ty, South Carolina to make an authentic yeild of 155 bushels pel’ acre, weighed as it came from the field at harvest time. This, it is contended, can be done ]goo’ by others, and the south should 1 give more time to corn raising than has been in the past. Ten Years Ago it Was Six Hundred and ninety MR5 HUB DOUBLE IH POPIIUU The Town Being Supported By Us Agricultural Interest, Which is Capable ol Sustaining Tltreo Times as Many People. Inspected Si?e3 for Thomasville Public Buildings Thomasville, Ga.,Oct. 18.—Site Agent G. A. McNorton of the treasury department was hr Thomasville yesterday for the purpose of inspecting the pro posed sites offered for the pub lic building. Mr. McNorton made a thorough inspection but it will >- be some time yet bofore anything regard ing wha* bid has been accepte 1 known. It was reported that the inspector found only two sites which eathe up .to the .requirements’in the hi alter of frontage and depth. These were the Mitchell House Park r.nd tire old Piny Woods Hotel lot. Owner of Mammoth Farm Passes Away SOUTH Ci GROW GREAT HAKES PLEA FOR INDIVIDUAL St. Joseph, Mo., Oct. 19. Stricken with paralysis last Sat urday, David Rankin, operator of the largest farm in the world died in Tarkia, Mo., to-day. Mr. Rankin was prominent in North Missouri Raffairs and was well known for his generosity to edu cational and philanthropic insti- instutions. . •,K . 1 Can Harvest Crop at Much Lower Cost Than Can Buy Grain. Savannah, Oct. 18—That the south can grow corn successfully and at much lower cost thon it can buy f rom the north and west, has been demonstrated frequent ly, said Prof. James. M. Johnson, manager of the model farm in discussing, last night, the posssi- bilities of that industry in the connection with the prevalence through this section, ’especially of the corn weevil, said to be the worst evil the southern farmer has to contend with. Sea Island Cotton Men of Two States at Valdosta. Valdosta, Ga., Oct. 18.—The Sea Island/cotton congress for South Georgia and Florida was held here today and brought together about 200 representative farmers. They met at tbd court house at 10 o’clock and remained in session until 5 this afternoon, jthe afternoon session was an executive session and what was done was /ot given out. The morn ing session was open and was de voted to Interesting discussions. Hon. S. M. Knight, of Lake City, delivered an address on the market ing of cotton, holding that the farm ers shtmld make the spinners de mand the staple rather than force it upon them. Mr. Cowart of Swainesboro.made an interesting address on farming in general, and raising cotton in particular. Hon, W. L. Converse, of this city, member of the legislature, de livered an address which was great ly enjoyed. He took for his theme “Thought Thinking and How to Think. ” He made a special appeal for individual thought, showing that so long as men are free to do their own thinking monopolies are not so apt to control them. The rapid growth of Cairo is told in the census figure: 690. 1905.. JA-~ 900 1910 1510 The 1905, census was taken un • der authority ox the city council when Grady county was made. Between 1905 and 1910 the town increased 010 and between lOl.v. and 1910 820, more than doubling itself. This growth has been accom plished without any hurrah or • special efforts but is due to the splendid farming lands adjacent to the town. , There are practically no in dustrial enterprises here and the . town is sustained by the agricul tural resources. Today the business houses are two story brick when only a few . years ago they,' were; one §tory - frame structures. The agricuIUupl resour^e&k’tfte • such as to maintain a town three times the present size of Cairo. Cairo has a greater future now than at any time. The productiveness of the soil is becoining known throughout the country and hardly a day passes but what inquiries are made by parties seeking location in this section. This week; alone fifteen asked for detail information in regard to this section. These in quiries come from every section of the country. As little as one would think the Pelham & Havana railroad will be worth thousands and thous ands of dollars to Grady county by opening up a section of as fine farming land as can be found in any section of the country. Now to double Cairo’s popula tion let’s all get together and make one long steady pull and it will be accomplished before the people realize it. Si m six additions to the membership , of the cftureh, Two or three matters of tl e church order were then attended to; the occasion being an adjourned conference. The the association was read, making a very good allowing of work for the veur. There havo been seventy-six' uceess.tionsto the ctiurch membership Baptist Church Notes A fine congregation, atf the morning hour, appeared to greatly enjoy the pas tor’s discourse, upon thequestion, “Wliat of Woman. ’ ’ Just before the sermon, the anthem,' “Eternity,” was beautifully sung by a double qunrtettc, composed of the following nnmed voiees: Messdamcs It. S. Roddonberry andR. A. Sutton with Miss Lena Mauldin sopranos ; Misses Allie Brinson and Alberta Denton,altos ;Messrs, A. C. Forrester and P. O. Andrews, tenors and Messrs. R. A. and Sam Sutton Prof. Johnson states that in j bassos. After the sermon, there were II since tlu>,last association without any* protracted services, and the financial re port on the part of the church showed that some of the members had been quite liberal in the way of contributions. The report on the department of woman s work .was very fine. The Sunday school attendance in the afternoon, was sixty short. By request of the superintendent, the pastor made a ten minutes’ talk on The Second Coining of Christ, in connection with tire lesson for the da*’. Another good congregation hoard the pastor, at night, on God Judging His People.” The pastor being absent, in attendenee upon the meeting of the Mercer Associa tion of which the Cairo church is a member component, the prayer meeting exercises of Wednesday night were ar ranged for,, by Deacon L. G. Merritt. i: |S