FIELD & FIRESIDE.
From Ho' Kuiml Cniftllnlan.
Plait In iion I'conoiny.
If liixity of habit ever was (lie (ire
vailing characteristic us any people,
it ceitainly mu->t have been, and in
\et, of Son dor II planters, and especial
ly that claws known as cotton planters
With little systein and less method,
we set not in January to make a crop,
and struggle on through a twelve
rnonlli, encountering this obstacle and
survive that disaster, repaying an
abundant harvest here, and incurring
heavy losses there, until finally tli
crop is housed and perhaps sold, and
not one in a hundred ol the proprie
tors call give even an approximate es
timate of what it cost him. Indeed,
such a thing us opening an account
current with the plantation or farm,
and treating oach field as a debtor or
creditor, is sehh to, if over, hoard of
Who amongst our planting readers
can answer promptly the inquiry:
What irf tlio atm tint of your agri
cultural investment? And how many
less can, by calculation and refleetted,
ncein utely assert what it c>: t them to
grow a hale of cotton, or a bushel of
corn, or to raise a cow, or a hog? And
above all, who cun say what the wear
and tear of his plantation is?
forest lauds are deprived of rail
timber, and no estimate made whether
the land iH injured or benefited de
preciated or enhanced in value, by
clearing. The hauling is done, and no
Hpcciliu cost attached to the time and
labor. The fence is built around tin
field, regardless of shape of field or of
worm, of value of land occupied by
the fence, and that is asked is that the
crop lie enclos' and.
Apart from these minor items of ex
penses of the farm, what have out
planters to say concerning the weigh
tier matters, such aH the subsistence
of the family, and rearing and educat
ing their children? Os such an ex
pense absolutely no uccount is over
kept. If one buys u mule he well
knows the amount of money spent, and
no questions are asked as to the profit
or loss to the drover. If the same
planter sells a bale ol cotton, he seems,
in this instance, as regardless as in
the other of his own profit and less in
the growing and selling, provided be
gets the market price. There is, how
ever, a vital difference between these
two transactions. T o drover, if a ,
breeder, sets a price upon his stock,
In cause ho knows from longjexperiiiuce,
if not from individual calculation,
what it cost to grow a mule for mar
ket; if a purchaser, and not a breeder,
lie is a mule broker, and has added a
liberal percentage, and hence, knows
his profits; his price is demanded and
received. In the other transaction the
planter enters the market, and instead
of demanding a price, asks “What
are you paying for cotton? and thus
allows others to price his t wn wares.
The merchant, too, looks over his
invoice, learns what each article costs
him, adds a percentage for profit, j
always leaving n margin to cover un
salable stock, and marks the price he j
Did the cotton planter know exactly
what it cost him to plant, cultivate
and harvest his crop, he would, like
the drover or merchant, set his own
price and not allow outsiders to sit it
for him. If then, it cost him more
than he could get for it, he would cer
titinly cease planting cotton, and cast
about for another more remunerative
urtide of produce.
It was speculation that sel the pi ice
upon cotton in 1807, and this same
vumpiro will always appropriate to
itself to the net earnings of a cotton
crop, until the planter educates him- !
self sufficiently in book-keeping to
know exactly what it cost him to raise j
a bale of cotton.
We frequently see estimates on pa- j
per of the comparative net profits of;
Northern ami Southern farming, and
ns often calculated the comparison is j
made quite a contrast is favor of the
Northern Farmer. While 1 think this
result questionable, it must be admit
ted that the Northern farmer is so
much more systematic than the South
ern, that ho can much more accurately
report annually whether there is a
profit in his agricultural investment.
Hut few Northern farmers make net
money by growing crops. Investing j
in land, their first endeaor is to en
hance its value annually. This system
enables them to accumulate vast quan
tities of manure; their proverbial fru
gality induces them to save every- j
thing; their industry and tact assists
them in improving the soil as the pro- j
misses. And thus, while they are an
nually growing i ie.lu r, because tlieii j
investment is gradually being enlia.no '
id in value
V work, adapted to the new order of
things at the Sourh, is now needed I
1 1 should contain a simple ana cotnpre j
(tensive compendium of general farm
Infoi ination; an inventory with pi ices
attached of all the land, implements,
stock, anil any article of value on the j
(aim; a cash account with the labor- .
era and the plantation; time table foi
every day in the year; memoranda for
current remarks, and other sugges
tions, by means of which the plant- i
can know accurately whether lie is
annually making 01 losing by his sys
tem of planting. Investment in such
a book is money well spent.
1). W \ vrr Aiken.
A n.uim.KK in literature and the fine
aits, who prided himself on his langu
age, came upon a youngster sitting '
upon the bank of the river, angling '
tor gudgeons, and thus addressed him* ■
'‘Andolcscence, ail thou not endeavor
ing to entice the tinny tribe to ingulph
into their denticulated months a barb
ed hook, upon whose point is affixed a
dainty, allurement ?” “No," said the
boy. “ I’m a Cubin'. i
Hook Farmin';.- —There was a fanner
once whe hesitated not to hurl all
manner of invectives against book
farming, and those who consult'd
hooks lor advice. By long experience
and practical observation he had be
■erne quite successful in die cultiiie
iof grapes and trees llis fields Were.
'•lean and (air, and highly productive.
I His trees were vig; rous, well adjusted
| and | rofitable.
In Conversation with a friend he n •
) luted his exp< rience, entering into din
minutest details, sometimes becoming
| quite eloquent when describing his
i victories over the enemies which infest
“My knowledge,” he said, “ was
1 gained by dint of application, by actu
jal experience and hard labor. It was
■ none of your book knowledge, written
! by men who know lushing about lann
! iM g.”
j “ Well,” said his fr i> ml, “if all his
i valiilile information, gained by assidu
j oils labor and ohsci vation of so many
j years, anil which you have so clrat ly
described; were written out.and pub
lished, which would . have a young
and inexperienced man do, take this
as he finds it from your pen, or go
through tlm same tedious process that
you have gone through, including all
the vexations and losses?”.
The question puzzled him, arid he
was oblig' and to confess, after all, there
was much that, wan valuable in pooka,
because combining and relating the
results and experience of practical
Do not condemn hook (arming. 7 on
may criliiiiso certain books very se
verely, because' written by ignorant
theoretical hands; hut there is always
good wheat as well as chafi. So there
are many good hooks as well as poor
ones. The lime may come when a
single hint from a book or paper may
save your farm or orchard; or add to
your wealth, by telling you how to in
crease your crops.
Frcan i’iiom Sweet Potatoes. —The
agricultural journals begin Lo talk of
anew industry the manufacture of
sugar from sweet potatoes. The aver
age product of a bushel of potatoes
die yam potatoes being preferred—is
said to he over 2 gallons, and tlm aver
age yield per aeie on poor, sandy soil
is from a hundred and eighty bushels,
It follows that the product will he from
1500 lo till) gallons of syrup. This
syrup, moreover, is said to surpass
Unit, of die beet, and that of tlm sor
ghum, in delicacy of flavor and in near
ly all the other qualifies which should
commend it for the use at the table. -
The residnm, after the juice is extract
ed, is pronounced a valuable article
for either man or beast. In the South
ern States, whero yams grow spon
taneously, the manufacture of potato
syrup may he v- rv profitable carried
Keei'lx’o Irish Potatoes.—Dig morn
ing and evenings or on cloudy days,
so as to avoid the injurious iullucucc
effected by tlio Run in this climate;
spread on the dry ground under the
North side of a house where they may
he Cool, have a free circulation ol air
and lie protected from moisture. Here
they will remain sound. Or they may
he kept on a floor of slats in a barn or
other convenient house, having abun
dant openings for currents of air, and
not too near the south side of the roof
where they would become too warm
In any case they must, not be in heaps,
tmt a single layer. I keep them in
this way the whole summer and tall,
even on a close Hour, but with good
ventilation and they never rot.
(il.l'K WHICH WIU. UNITS EVEN i’ol.ISlIM)
Steel.—A Turkish receipt for a ce
ment used to fasten diamonds and
other precious stones to metallic sur
laces of polished steel, although expos
ed to moisture, is as follows: “ Dissolve
5 or (1 hits of gum mastic, each of the
size of a luige pea, in as much spiiits
of wine as will suffice to render it li
quid, in another vessel dissolve in
brandy, as much isinglass, previously
softened in water, as will make a 2 oz
vial of strong glue adding 2 small hits
of gum ammoniac, which must be rub
bed until dissolved. Then mix the
whole with heat. \\ hen it is to be
used, set the vial in boiling water.
Hoc t’lioi.Kua and its Remedy.—The
(’harlotte N.C. Democrat says: a gen
tinman who has been traveling in the
Western part of this State fnlorms us
that the disease among hogs known as
" eholeia" has spread beyond the Blue
Ridge and that many hogs have died
with it. A farmer in Yadkin county
has checked the disease by washing
out the mouth and throat of the hog
with a strong decoration made from
persimmon bai k.
tie has not long since used the remedy.
A little alum added to the decoction
gould improve it no doubt.
Pay the small mu With the open
ing of tlio year all small bills should
be promptly paid. The men to whom
they are due generally need the money
Tim little bills are the ot.es that makes
numberless gaps in the world of busi
n ss. How mucli comfort to families,
cheer to desponding business men and
encouragement generally would, be
given by the immediate discharge of
all little and, perhaps, half forgotten
obligations. Pay small debts, and it
is a capital time to commence this very
■Cancer.—The following remedy for
cancer is said to be iuitiihble:
Take an egg and break it pour out
the white, retain the yolk in the shell;
put in salt and mix with the yulk as
long as it will receive it; stir them to
gether until the salve is formed, put a
portion of it on a sticking plaster, and
apply if lo the cancer twice a day.
Judicial Districts and Court
REVISED OCTOBER, 1870.
SUPERIOR COURT—JUDGES AND SOLICITORS.
j John L Hopkins. Judge.
I K P Howell, ......Solicitor General
DeKalh Fourth Mondays in March
I and September.
i Clayton—First Mondays in March and
! Fulton—Second Mondays in April and
| Win, Gibson Judge
H. G. Foster Solicitor General
Burke—-Third Mondays in May anil
Oolumbia—First Mondays in May and
1 MeDuflio—First Mondays in April and
I Richmond - Second Mondays in Janu
• ary and J tine.
BLUE RIDGE CIRCUIT.
' Noel B. Nigt Judge
! James M. Bishop.. Solicitor General
| Cherokee—First Mondays in March
| and fourth Mondays in July.
I Uohb—Third Mondays in March and
first Mondays in October.
| Dawson—Third Mondays in April and
I second Mondays in September.
I Forsyth —First Mondays in April and
I fourth .Mondays in August.
! Fannin Third Mondays in May and
j Gilmer— Second Mondays in May and
! Lumpkin—Second Mondays in April
l and Ih-s-l Mdii'lftys iii September.
Milton --Fourth Mondays in .March and
third Mondays in August,
i Piekins Fourth Mondays in April and
Towns -Thursdays after fourth Mon
days in May and October.
Union—Fourth Mondays in May and
James Johnson Judge
Clary J. Thornton. . . .Solicitor General
Chattahoochee Fourth Mondays in
March and September.
Harris-Second Moudays in April and
Marion ■ -Third Mondays in March and
Muscogee—Pom th Mondays in May
Talbot—Third Mondays in March and
Taylor- First tnondays in April and
.Josiah U. Parrott Judge
Chariot! E. Broyles..Solcitor General |
Bartow—Third moudays in March and I
Catoosa--First moudays in May and
Dade—Second moudays in May and I
Gordon- First inoti lay in April and
Murray-- Third ntondays in April rod
Whitfield Fourth moudays in April
FLINT CIRCI IT.
| James W. Green bulge
j Lemuel B. Anderson... Sol. General
Butt*—Second moudays in March and
Henry—Third moudays in April and
Monroe —Fourth mouduy in February
Newton —Third moudays iu March
Pike—First moudays in April and
Rockdale —Second moudays in March
Spalding—First moudays iu February
Upson- First moudays in May and
M ACON CIRCUIT.
CarUon B. Cole Judge
| Lze kicl W , ( rocker Sol. G.-ucral
| Bibb Fourth moudays in April ami
i Crawford—Second tnondays in April
| und October.
j Dooly—First tnondays in April and
j Houston Fourth tnondays in May and
j Second ruonday iu Decs tuber,
j Twiggs—Third moudays in April and
j Garnett Andrews Judge
| John M. Mathews. Sol. General
Elbert— Second tnondays in March and
Hancock Second moudays in April
Hurt—Third uiondays in March and
Lincoln—Fourth tnondays in April
i Madison First mondrys in March and
i Oglethorpe—Third tnondays in April
j Taljft'iro—Second moudays iu May
I Warren- First tnondays in April and
| Wilkes First tnondays in May and
Philip B. Robinson Judge
! Flemming Jordan Sol. General
( Baldwin Fourth tnondays in February
i Greene—Second moudays iu March
Jasper—Fourth moudays in April and
' Jones—Third moudays in April and
i Morgan—First moudays in March and
. Putnam—Third moudays in March
Wilkinson —First moudays iu April
1 liobt. D. Harvey Judge
C D. ForsyU). Sol. General
Chattooga First mondays in March
Floyd—Third' mondnys in January
Folk —Second rnondays in February
Paulding—First rnondays in February
i Haralson—4th rnondays in March and
Walker—Fast mondays in February’
I and August.
1 John It. Alexander Judge
Win. 15. Bnrmott Sol. General
1 Berrien—3d rnondays in Marcli and
Brook* —3d and 4th rnondays in May
Colquitt—'Wednesdays after Ist mon
days in May and November.
Dodge—Fridays after 2nd rnondays in
April and October.
li■win—Fridays after 2nd rnondays in
March and September.
Laurens—2nd rnondays in April and
: Pulaski—3d rnondays in April and Oc
i Telfair—4th rnondays in April and Oc
j Thomas—lst and 2nd rnondays in
j Juno and December.
Wilcox—2nd rnondays in March and
James M Clark Judge
Tlios P Lloyed Solicitor General
Lee 4th rnondays in March k Sept.
Macon— Ist rnondays irs December and
3d rnonday in May.
Scldey -Second mondaps in April and
Sumter—Second rnondays in March Ns
Webster—Second rnondays in Marcli
W F Wright .Judge
Wui A Adams Solicitor General
Campbell—Second rnondays in April
Coweta—-First rnondays in March and
Douglass—Third rnondays April and
Heard—3d mondays March and Sept
Troup- 3d mondays in May and Nov.
Fayette—4th rnondays iu April k Oct
Meriwether--3d mondays in February
Oorroll— Ist mondays iu April and Got
('buries D Davis . fudge
William L Mailer... .Solicitor General
Banks Ist mondays in April and Oct
Clark—lst mondays in February and
second uiomlay iu August.
Franklin- -2d mondays in April k Oct
Cwinnett—First rnonday in March and
second rnonday iu September.
Habersham—3d mondays in April and
Hall 3d mondays in March and Sept
I Jackson—4th mondays in February
Dublin Ist mondays in April and Oct
Wjilton 3d rnondays in February and
White—Monday after the fourth Mon
day in April and October.
SILVER AND PLATED WARE!
Five Hundred Crates Crockery.
table and pocket
o XJ T Xji e; XX Y ,
TE 4 TK AYS,
W IN DOW G LASS,
LOOKING GLASS PLATES.
We offer assorted Crates for SBO. —
Send for List.
, • --.
We offer the Cheapest and Best line
of House- Keepers' Goods in the of
Atlanta. Cutlery, Spoons, Forks,
Knives, W aiters, Castors. \ ases and
In fact, anything needed in a well
kept house. Call with the cash,
apt! 1-12 mMe 15HIDE fc CO.
THE FAIR BURN SENTINEL,
k> #i jtti 'alii s
,i» ! -
PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY
.< ;* ■U: , ..
S A M 1 FI, .1 . JOII NST oN .
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• : ! !ii» ■ : .
THEREFORE, EVERY FAMILY IN THE COUNTY OUGHT TO TAKE IT.
SUSTAIN HOME ENTERPRISE BY SUBSCRIBING TO
THE FAIRBERN SENTINEL.
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