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The Speakership in History.
New York World.
There are about half a dozen ex-
Speakers living, and only two of
them—Blaine and Carlisle—have
any prominence. Keifer, the last
republican head of the House, is
living in a merited retirement at
Springfield, Ohio, growling against
the fates that keep his greatness In
obscurity. Galusha A. Grow, who
burst into the political horizon
away back in the 50s, like a great
sky rocket, as the youngest mem
ber of the lower house, lived on
his reputation until, after a de
cade,|ie got to be speaker, and then
petered out politically while he
was still under forty. Robert C.
Winthrop finished his career in
the House of Representatives with
the speakership, and he still lives,
an old man of 80, in Massachu
setts. Nathaniel P. Banks is an
other speaker of the past, and not
long age was happy in being a
United States marshal.
It is lucky for a speakership
candidate; to come from a state
which has had the speakership be
fore. The office seems to run in
states. Kentucky has held it fully
one-fifth of the entire history of
congress, commencing with Henry
Clay and ending with Carlisle.
Pennsylvania had fourteen years
of it, and Viginia ranks next, hav
ing held the office for twelve years.
Sam Randall, who is now lying
sick in his house near the capitol,
served for five years as speaker,
and the first speaker of all was a
Pennsylvanian. His name was
Frederick A. Muhlenberg, a rich
merchant'of a powerful family in
Philadelphia, and what is sup
posed to be a statue of him,, but
which in reality represents his
brother, stands in the statuary hall
of the capitol. Grow was also
from Pennsylvania, and he still
lives, I believe, in that state.
Massachusetts has had the
speakership ten years, Indiana
eight years, Maine, North Caroli
na and New Jersey, six years each,
and Georgia, when Howell Cobb
was speaker, two years. Twenty-
four of the states have never fur
nished a speaker, and we have
never had a speaker west of Indi
ana. Henry Clay was the young- j
est speaker in point of age and
term of service id the House. He
was elected when he was only 32
years of age, and held the speak
er’s chair longer than any other
speaker. He was re-elected five
times, and he resigned more than
once. If Reed could carry out
the policy of Clay, the country
would lose nothing by having him
in the chair. Clay did not let his
speakership office • prevent him
from taking part in the debates,
and he was one of the most' fre
quent speakers in congress daring
his terms as the presiding offi
Next to Clay in-terms of office
comes Alexander Stevenson, of
Yirginia. He was for eight years
the biggest man in congress, but
to-day you will hardly find one
man out of a hundred that knows
anything, about him. r. Colfax,
Blaine and Nathaniel Macon each
had six years of the speakership,
and it was after Colfax’s term of
service that he was nominated for
the vice presidency. While speak
er he once left the chair to move
the expulsion,of an Ohio member
wbo bad made a speech urging.the
recognition of the Southern Con
federacy. This action was much
censured at the time.
New York has had the speaker-
ship but once, and that was away
hack during John Quincy Adams’
administration, when John W.
Taylor was speaker. Taylor
of history shows that only one
speaker has ever reached the pres
idency, while the greatest of the
speakers of'the past have misera
bly failed in theirjattempts to get
there. Blaine, tbd plumed knigiit
of the House of Representatives,
has failed again and again in the
tournaments for the White House.
Henry Clay,_ the most magnetic
and the most brilliant speaker the
House ever ha.d, died a disappoint
ed man because he could not step
from the speaker’s chair into the
presidential mansion, and the only
speaker who has ever been elected
president was James K. Polk, of
Tennessee, who was speaker for
two sessions during the adminis
tration of President Yan Buren.
Two Important Questions. Presidential Preaching- and
—— - j Practice.
GreensbCro Herald-Journal. I
There are two important matters-! ' National capita! ^
which concern the interests of the J When President Harrion was a
people which, between -this time ■ candidate he declared that the sur-
and the state, campaign of next i pins revenue should be used in
A Good Calculator.
St. Louis Bepublic.
Postoffice Inspector Jesse
McClure, who had just returned
from Arkansas, entertained a num
ber of his friends in the lobby of
the Midland recently with anec
dotes of his trip through that state.
“A very amusing thing took
place on one of my runs out near
Newton/’ said He.. “I had got off
at Newton, a town on the Arkan
sas river, and was making my way
out to Batesville, a village situated
at the terminus of a branch road
running out of Newton. On the
way out we were delayed for near
ly an hour at a small wayside sta
tion. Just before the train start
ed a man and his wife entered the
car. When the train started the
woman kissed, her husband good
bye. The man was evidently a
Hebrew. In the car beside the
stranger and myself were two na-.
tives, and a long lank fellow with
an immense heard, and the other
equally long and lank, coatless and
vestless, and with but onesuspend-
We had just fairly started
year, should receive their earnest
The most prominent of these
two questions, perhaps, is that
concerning local legislation and its
cost to the people of the state in
lengthy sessions of the legislature.
There is really no sound reason
why the time of the Assembly
should not be entirely occupied in
disposing of acts of a general na
ture, as there are no. reasons why a
local board or the courts of the
country should not be empowered
to pass uponinatters of local con
cern. Of the two remedies sug
gested—the courts or a special
board—we favor the latter. Three
or five.men in every county should
compose a[this board, and they
should have annual or semi-annual
sessions, of say ten days. The
members to be paid a stated sala-
We believe the costs of such a
board to the counties would be
less than the costs of the Superior
Court for the same time. It may
be, however, that these local mat
ters could be more rapidly and
successfully disposed of by the
courts, hut we think not. How
ever, either of the methods would
be satisfactory, and would accom
plish the object aimed at—the re
moving from the legislative calen
dar the immense amount of trash
in the way of local bills which now
impede the general business of the
state. And the people should in
sist that some action is taken by
the next legislature to remedy this
evil. To accomplish this it should
be made a strong issue in the next
Another question of moment is
that relative to the passage of a
dog law. This has been a neces
sity in Georgia for many years,
bub bills introduced for that pur
pose have been repeatedly defeated.
: But the strength of thos8 in favor
buying bonds and not deposited in j j
the banks. Since be has become'
President he has not reduced the
rable Clothier and Furnisher,
when the bearded native opened a»
conversation with the dejected-
“You look like a man who has
seen much trouble, stranger,” he
began, stroking his long beard,
and looking Inquiringly at him.
“I believe you are in trouble rightJ ft ., aw . Ma inerease a each
now ‘ year, and at the last session of the
“No, answered the Israelite, I * legislature tfie bill ; lacked only a
am not over burdened with sor- j £ew votes necessary to its passage.
row. FtrareU deal, ana as ^ to the importance of the bill,
o£ those who have endeavored to en-
I have jnst left my wife I am,
caurse, not in good spirits.”
“Born here?” queried the man
with the beard.
“No, sir, I was born in Germa
‘ So you have crossed the ocean,
“Yes, I have crossed the ocean
At this point in the conversa
tion the one-gallused native; who
had been an attentive listener,
changed his seat across the aisle
to one directly in front of the trav
eller, and abruptly interrupted
“You say, Colonel, you were
born in Germany ?”
“And that you have crossed the
ocean eight times?”
“Then, ’cordin’ to. my rales o’
rithinetic,” ejaculated the native,
giving|his one suspender a vigor
ous tug, “you are at this moment
on the other side of the Atlantic
■ 'noxxoo nm
ceeded Clay in 1820, and he was
again elected in 1825. He was a
noted congressman in his day, and
was the first member of the House
who put himself on record as
against the extension of slavery,
He was born and- brought up in
New York, and during his later
days went to Cleveland, Ohio,
where he died in 1843.
The present speakership is look
ed upon somewhat as giving jts
successful candidate a move to-
waffi the presidency. The record
ter into sheep husbandry in this
state fully understand. The num
ber of inferior and half-fed dogs
in nearly every county has render
ed any attempt to raise sheep” al
most futile. As a matter of pub
lic progress, the passage of some
law to protect this industry and to
put an end to the worthless breed
of dogs is almost an absolute ne
These two important matters
should be .fully considered by the
farmers and the ^people of the
state, and pertinent questions
should he asked those who offer
for political suffrage during the
campaign of 1890.
Love in its varied phases can
acquire purity and dignity only
when guided by inward power
over ourselves, that is in itself the
very germ of nature.
.“Another wonderful discovery
has been made, and that, too, by a
lady in this country. Disease fas
tened its clutches upon her, and
for seven years she withstood its-
severest tests, but her vital organs
were undermined, and death seem
ed imminent. For three months
she coughed incessantly, and could
not sleep. She bought of ns a
bottle of Dr. King’s New Discov
ery for Consumption, and was so
much relieved upon taking the
first dose that she slept all night,
and with one bottle has been mi
raculously cured. Her name is
Mrs. Lather Lutz.” Thus -write
W. C. Hsmbrick & Co., of Shelby,
N. C. Get a free trial bottle at
Holtzclaw & Gilbert’s drug store.
The participation of Captain
Gray, of a Grand Army post in
New Orleans, in the funeral ser
vices of the late Jefferson Davis
has caused a considerable hub
bub among a certain class., of
northern people, who would, find
their occupation gone if sectional
bitterness should die out. Speak
ing of these people, the Philadel
phia Times says: “When Gen.
Grant was buried, the whole coun
try applauded the Confederate
generals Johnston and Buckner
for appearing as pall bearers; and
there is not now a northern or
southern soldiers’ organization
that does not decorate the graves
of the blue and the gray within
their react! on Decoration Day;
but the country is yet full of sense
less wranglers in and out of sol
diers’ organizations who were so
pungently described by Geh.
-Grant as those who did not warm
up to the war until after its bloody
battles were fought.”
surplus as fast or redeemed »»
bonds as fast as the previous Ad
ministration did, and what is more,
he has not reduced the deposits as
fast durmg the last five months as
he did daring the first four months.
During the first four months of
his term he reduced the bank de
posits 81,286,614, and during the
last five months only 859,709. In-
the first four months he scarcely
reduced the deposits as much as
his predecessor did in. each month
of the last ten months of his term.
But even that “cautious and grad
ual recall of the deposits” was too
fast for somebody. Who was it?
Whose “commercial interests”
would have been imperilled if
President Harrison had continued
the policy of President Cleveland?
There'is one feature of this mat
ter that is still more interesting.
Daring the month of last July the
deposits in the banks increased 81,-
498,386. This administration not
only stopped the policy of this rap
id withdrawal of the deposits, but
it increased the deposits nearly a
million and a half in one month.'-
Wasn’t this expedient “unauthor
ized and dangerous” as long ago as
l ast July ? Possibly it is only when
Congress meets and is liable to ask
questions that the expedient be
comes “unauthorized and danger
ous.” It was only two days be
fore Congress met that the Secre
tary made public his intention of
withdrawing the deposits. The
Wall street speculators had got the
news before and used it.
Whose “favorite banks,”. Mr.
President, had to be' helped last
J lily, and what banking influences
have deterred yon and Secretary
Windom from - withdrawing the
deposits as rapidly as President
Cleveland and Secretary Fairchild
The average amount of money
in the hands of your disbursing
officers, Mr. President, for the
past five months- was 837,081,861.
The average amount of money in
tiie hands of President Cleveland’s
disbursing officers during the same
five months of last year was 831,-
425,292. What are your officers
a half million dollars on hand
more than their Democratic pred
ecessor had? Aretheylending.it?
A German medical journal re
lates a remarkable instance of the
effect of nervous excitement. A
locomotive engineer on a passen
ger train on rounding a curve sud
denly saw a train about sixty
yards ahead, and stationary. With
great presence of mind he reversed
his engine, signaled for the brakes
to be applied, and, by vigorous ac
tion, prevented a disastrous colli
sion. The excitement of the mo
ment was tremendous, but only a
violent trembling of the legs re
mained, and he continued at his
post. But the great mischief had
been done. After five days he had
to-relinquish his duties, and he
gradually became unfit for all
work. Once a robust, stalwart
man, he has became very thin, hi*
gait is slouching and toilsome, and
his speech slow and stammering.
He is suffering from what is known
as “railway spine,” a most dis
tressing disease. His digestion,
memory and ability to sleep are
impaired, and a singular diminu
tion of nervous sensibility has
taken place over his whole body,
so that he. scarcely feels the prick
of a needle sufficiently deep to
bring bicod. His legs are also be
numbed up to the knee,.and, alto
gether, the man is a wreck.
Though in Europe, Dom Pedro
says he is still Emperor of Brazil.
BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
Jures Indigestion, Biliousness, Dyspepsia, Mala-
ria. Nervousness, and General Debility. Pbysi-
Gladstone’s 80th birthday- will
be celebrated in England with
considerable pomp and rejoicing.
I It occurs on the 29th of the pres
! ent month.
! Subscribe for the Homs Jouknal.
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er prices,’ and a larger, assort
ment to select from.
0 L i T H 11 G
To fit a boy three years old, or the largest
574 and 576 Cherry Street,
IT YOU WANT
Examine my qtock before purchasing.
Besides a full stock of
I will always have on hand some
at remarkably low figures.
Lookout for changes in this ad
J. H. BENNE R,
Opposite. Hotel Lanier, Macon, Ga.
Meals at all Honrs. 1
Hay and Mglit.
^Mgwith ao mvotpuhUommey^sleepmg Aocommodations in
Why they need to have five and
nections; 25 Cents a Bed.
Elegant Barber Shops Attached.
I have just opened the elegant
SUWANNEE RIVER BAR'
Where only the best Liquors will be
sold. Come to see me when in Macon.
Will fill jugs promptly, and at low fig
ures for Cash. My liquors are guaran
teed to be the best- in the market.
I WILL WAGNOX.
673 Forth Street, Corner “of Pine,
' MACON, GA.
THE RESTAURANT DEPART
Polite Clerks and Attentive YTsi
ways on J
Gt-XVE ME ,
519 FOURTH ST., MACON, GA.
Y-' W&w*' ■' "■
Open Day and Night
at All Honrs.
The Best Stock of Wines, Liquors and Cigars,
Accompanied by all the Delicacies .