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FSIOS, 21.50 A YEAE, 117 ADVAIfSE. j Georgia exchange:
Railroads and the Farmers.
We clip the following item from a
Published Every Thursday Morning.
JttO.H. ItODG-ES. Editor and Publisher
Perry, Thursday, May 2.
Copies of this paper may be found on
file at the office of oar Washington cor
respondent, E. G. Signers, 918 F. Street,
hT. W., Washington, D. C.
j “The railroads have announced an
[ increase in the rates on canteioupes.
; The railroads are rapidly killing the
' fruit and melon basiness by excess
ive freight rates. It is a pity that
they cannot see that they will be
the losers when this basiness is de
It is not presumed that newspa
per editors know the details of the
freight business of railroads, but
they do know that the rates on
- ~ y . _ , fruits and vegetables from southern
Business umes r . j states to eastern, western and north-
, - ... i » enormous,
sentiment will develop
Georgia farmers will be lacking in
enterprise if they fail to make much
hay while the summer sun shines
The Georgia Chautauqua at Alba
ny Lst week was a success from be
ginning- to end, and the people of
Albany deserve much praise.
There is but one objection to Mo
ran’s Constitution letters concerning
the value and prospects of Georgia
teugar cane, and that is, he spells
syrup with an i.
Samples of Georgia soil will be
sent to Washington for analysis,
with the purpose of securing nation
al encouragement for sugar cane cul
ture and sugar making.
It is now estimated that the Geor
gia fruit crop will be at least 50 per
cent less than the crop of last year.
Already many peaches have been de
stroyed by recent cold, and others
may be ruined by the curculio or in
f o—* —-
. The Cuban commission from the
constitutional convention of the isl-
land was in Washington last week.
These delegates conferred with Pres
ident McKinley, Secretary Boot and
others concerning the requirements
of this country, but the conclusions
reached have not been published.
An exclusive negro colony on the
co-operative corporation plan is
among the probabilities of the near
future in Coffee county. It is pro
posed to form a stock company, sell
shares to the amount of $25,000, buy
2,000 acres of land, establish a city,
saw mills, turpentine distilleries,
small farms and other industries.
Treasurer Park,as a bonded state
official,was|right in not diverting The
public property fund to a use other
than that specifically designated in
the constitution. No officer, sworn
to observe the law,-has auv right to
depart from the letter of that law.
His adverse critics are unjust, and
whatever political threats have been
uttered are worse than futile.
ern markets have been
from the shippers’ standpoint. It is
also known that on all products
shipped northward, eastward or west
ward from the south, higher freight
rates are collected than if the same
articles come from the north or east
to southern points. This does not
seem that the railroads are trying to
co-operate with southern producers,
as they declare.
Just now it seems absolutely ab
surd for the railroads to increase the
expense of inarketing Georgia-raised
vegetables and fruits. Last year the
freight rates were so high that there
was scarcely no profit to the Geor
gia growers. With the certain der
crease in the volume of fruits and
vegetables this year, an increase of
freight will be disastrous to the pro
From almost stagnation in freight
business during the summer months,
the millions of dollars and immense
energy invested in fruit orchards
and truck gardens great activity and
much profit have come to the rail
roads. The railroads will again-see
summer stagnation in their freight
business if by excessive rates they
“kill the goose that laid the golden
egg.” The “goose” was made quite
sick last year, and if the dose is in
creased prostration, if not death,
Liberality on the part of the rail
roads will uphold, if not increase,
the industry that does so much good
to all who touch it. Oppression
greeater than that already practiced
will surely be disastrous, and the
railroads will lose most.
The Republicans and Trusts.
President McKinley left Wash
ington for his seven weeks’ tour last
Monday. He reached New Orleans
Wednesday, and became the guest
of that city until Thursday evening.
He will then go through several
western states. The special train is
said to be one of the finest ever con
structed. There are seven .Pullman
palace coaches. It is expected that
President Diaz of Mexico
Since the formation of the first
“commercial consolidation” in this
country, democracy has protested
against such combinations to defeat
competition, and the republican par
ty has encouraged and fostered these
unholy institutions. The last elec
tion was supposed to sanction this
republican co-operation with trusts,
but now there seems to be an awak
ening to the political danger ahead.
Of this our Washington co.Tespond-
“Even republicans are becoming
somewhat alarmed over the tremen
dous consolidations that are going
on all over the country and are anx
ious to check them by all means In
their power. There have recently
been conferences to which the presi
dent was a party, and as a result the
treasury has sent out confidential
warnings to important western banks
urging them not to let too much of
their money get away to New York,
where it may be held to support a
Sweet Potato Flour.
In New Jersey a company has
been organized to manufacture flour
from sweet potatoes. If it be proven
that this can be successfully done
with sweet potatoes grown in Geor
gia and other southern states, there
will be a revolution in southern ag
When the capacity of southern
farms on this line is fully utilized,
and sweet potatoes can be readily
sold at any time, the kingship of
cotton will be very much modified.
The following item on this subject
is from the Southern Farm Maga
zine of Baltimore, Md:
“Mr. H. S. Morris, of Vineland,
who has organized in New Jersey
the American Flour Manufacturing
Co., which will erect mills to make
flour from sweet potatoes, writes
that the company does not intend to
confine its energies to New Jersey,
but will extend its operations to all
sweet potato growing sections. He
writes that it would cost from $15,-
000 to $20,000 to erect a plant with
a,capacity of 100 barrels of flour a
day, and that the flour sells for $5 a
barrel. This flour is to be used as a
blend for wheat, rye and corn flour,
which, it is claimed, are thereby pre
served, made richer and more nutri
tious and protected from mold or
staleness. In this industry there
may be great possibilities for utili
zation of the great sweet potato
crop of the south.”
Secretary Root has approved the
detailed plan for the army organiza
tion prepared by Lieutenant-General
Miles. The total enlisted strength
of the army under this plan is 76,-
787. The army will be divided as
follows: Cavalry, 15,810, fifteen reg
iments, twelve troops of eighty-five
men to each regiment, band and
staff; infantry, 38,520, thirty regi
ments, twelve-eompanies of 104 men
to each regiment, and regimental
and battalion staff and band; coast
artillery, 13,734 men, 126 companies
of 109 men each; field artillery, 4,-
800 men, thirty batteries cf 160 men
each. With bands and |non-commi£-
sioned officers the total strength of
the artillery willjjbe 18,862; engineer
battalion, twelve companies of 104
men each, 1,248; band and staff, 34
FOR MM ARB BOYS.
We are ready with our complete stock of
Clothing for Spring. Suits from ....
$7.50 to $25.00. .
Orders by mail carefully filled and
Jno./ C. Eads & Co.,
will meet v ,IWP HWjilPlIH „
President McKinley at El Paso, Tex. j speculative Wall street market just
at the time it is imperatively re-
Attorney Genejial Knox, who has *
just succeeded Col. Griggs, says he
will use his best efforts to secure the
money stolen from eke government
by Captain Oberlin M. Carter while
he was in charge of the work at Sa
vannah harbor from 1888 to 1897.
It is 'said Carter converted to his
own use $723,528, and that he now
owns property to the value of $690,-
801, from which he is receiving an
annual income of $25,000, though he
is a penitentiary ccmvic^, under a
federal sentence for the crime of
Ir is declared that the railroads
have announced an increase in the
freight rates on canteioupes. This,
in face of the damage bycold toa.il
kinds of fruits and marketable vege
tables, seems to be a very unbusi
ness-like proceeding. At the best
there is not much margin for profit
in raising fruits and vegetables for
shipment to distant markets, and
heavy freight rates will cut both
ways. Excessive freight rates will
reduce production, because of the
lack of profit, and of course that will
very much reduce the freight ton
nage at a time when that traffic
would be exceedingly light but for
fruits and vegetables.
quired in the west to move the
crops. They say that these great
consolidations that are following
each other so fast may or may not
be successful. In any case, they all
have an immense amount of water
in them, which the public is buying
and on which it relies for dividends.
Hundreds of millions are being float
ed in securities that have no solidity
nor future prospects, and which are
more likely to breed assessments
than dividends. No artificial boom
of this kind is self-sustaining, and
attempts to continue it beyond the
danger point mean the inevitable
Throughout Georgia memorial day
was most appropriately observed, and
the speeches delivered were unusual
ly good, judging by those we have
read, and the one we heard. The
sentiment that upholds the memori
al custom is not disloyal to the union,
though holding in reverential honor
the men who battled and died to up
hold the principle then and now dear
to southern hearts.
Nothing would benefit Georgia
farmers in greater degree than the
establishment of a general and con
stant demand for sweet potatoes.
No broader distinction can be
made between men than that which
divides them into two classes. To
the first class belong those who al
ways have a good excuse why the
thing required cannot be done. The
second class is composed of those
who manage to DO. Foremost in
this second class stands out the fig
ure of General De Wei Allen San-
gree, who has just returned from the
Transvaal, draws a vivid picture of
the character of this most remarka
ble general of modern times for the
May Oosmopolitaft, and the article is
illustrated with the most complete
collection of photographs and drawl
ings yet published.
The Central of Georgia Railway
Company will carry passengers at
very low rates to the meetings of
interest mentioned below, furnish
ing excellent accommodations:
Southern Baptist Convention,New
Orleans, La., May 9th to 16th, 1901.
One fare for the round trip. Tickets
on sale May 7 th, 8 th and 9 th, 1901,
good returning May 16th, 1901. with
privilege of extension to June 5th
upon payment of fifty cents.
Annual Conference Georgia Ep-
worth League, Savannah, Ga., May
9th to 12th, 1901. One and one-
third fare for the round trip. Tick
ets on sale May 8th and 9 th, 1901;
final return limit May 14th, 1901.
—All sizes of Wire Nails at 4/
per fb at L. M. Paul’s.
So are we with the finest line of
Cents’ Furnishing Goods
ever shown in Macon. All fresh
goods,, no old stock.
Just received, a carload of Hats,
of all the latest styles, shapes and
Burnett & Goodman.
454 TRIED STREET.
calder Bi Winmmm, in.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Crockery, stoves, Lamps H Ilouse-
1 68SPLITS LINE OF GHIMWABE.
TRIANGULAR BLOCK, MACON, GA.
Is what you do every time
you buy your
and all kinds of mill work and builders supples from our
superior stock, guilders and contractors will find that
hey get a superior grade of dumber and workmanship m
:heir line at lower prices than they can get elsewhere.
s Phone 187.
FORT VALLEY. GA.
^ By authority of an order of the Court
of Ordinary of Houston county, Ga., and
also, of a judgement cf Houston Supe
rior court, rendered at April term, 1901,
of said county, I will sell, on the first
Tuesday in May, 1901, before the Court
house door in Perry, Ga., during the le
gal hours of sale, the following real es
tate belongingjto the estate of Mrs. G. C.
Haddock dec,d. tu wit:
One house and lot in the town of Fort
Valley, Houston county, Ga., said lot
being the Southern part of lot No. 5 of
block A, and bounded on the South, by
New Street: West by lot of S. C. Floyd:
North, by Mrs. Annie Weeks Houser,and
east by S. T. Neil, and containing one-
half acre, more or less.
Sale made to pay debts of said deceas
ed and for distribution. Terms cash.
April 5fch, 1901. M. A. EDWARDS,
Adm’r. of Mrs. G. C. Haddock, dec’d.
Subscribe for The Home Journal.
Sash and Door Co.,
Mantels, Paint, Lumber,
No. 457 Third Street, Macon, Ga.