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A TEXAS WONDER.
Hall** Grrat DiacoTtry,
On© email botxle of Hall's Great Dis
covery cures all kianey and bladder
troubles, removes gravel, cures diabetes,
•eminal emissions, weak anti lame backs,
rheumatism and all irregularities of the
kidneys and bladder in both men and
women, regulates bladder troubles in chil
dren. If not sold by your druggist will
be sent by mall on receipt of sl. One
Mnali bottle is two months' treatment,
and will cure any case above mentioned.
Dr E. W. Hall, sole manufacturer. P. O.
Box 629. St Louis. Mo. Send for testi
monial* Sold by all druggists and Solo
motto CCt, Savannah. Ga.
Covington, Ga . July 23. 1895.
This is to certify that I have used Dr.
Hall's Great Discovery for Rheumatism.
Kidney ar.d Bladder Trouble.- and will
Bay it is far superior to anything I have
ever used for the above complaint. Very
H I. HORTON, Ex-Marshal.
THE NEWS OF THREE STATES.
HAPPENINGS IN GEORGIA, FLORIDA
AND SOI Til < AHO LI N A.
New Boat Company nt Columbus.
Narrow Escape From n Terrible
Death —'lnn Utrnel in Ills Hill.
Flagler's New Re aid cnee—Work
ing on Removal of .Florida's Capi
tal—South Carolina, Stnte Alliance.
C arolina’s Short Railroads,
Washington Gazette: Judge T. H. Rcm
neti instituted suit here yesterday in the
City Court, through his attorney, Hon. J.
E. Strother, against Mr. E. S. Johns, for
damages for defamatory words spoken.
He has also sued Mr. \V. H. Ba®.ett of
Uncoln for libel. He sues each tor $5,000.
Where Pope Brown Stands.
Sparta Ishmaelite: The people of Pope
Brown’s bailiwick wnnt it understood that
the putting of him on the Reilroao Com
mission doesn't take him out of the list
of available candidates for governor in
1902. Well, why should it?
Wind Blows From a Well.
Jasper News: While A. N. Shepard was
boring a well on Bob Buckles’ place a few
days ago his auger fell through n space
of about six inches when at depth of
about fifty feet. A gust of wind came
puffing up and since that time has con
tinued to blow from the well without ces
sation. The force of the air is sufficient
to blow a whistle and a ten-pound paper
bag placed over the hole soon fills and
bursts. The well is a curiosity and the
source of the air is as yet undiscovered.
She Wanted a Divorce.
Atlanta Journal: A letter was received
at the executive department yesterday
from a woman in South Carolina asking
if Gov. Candler could procure her a di
vorce by signing a paper. The woman is
living away from her husband at preeent.
Divorces are granted in South Carolina
only on certain grounds, and the writer of
the letter, who is originally from Georgia,
evidently believes the Governor of this
plate can come to her assistance. She
gives as her reason for waning to he di
vorced that ehe desires to marry again.
Burned With His 'li^.
DeKaib New Era: Hast Friday night
the old Caldwell mill, near Stone Moun
tain, which was being run by Mr. Henry
6ea. Jr., caught fire and was burned to
the ground. Mr. Seay was in the mill and
was burned to death. Mr. Seay was be
hind with his grinding and was running at
night aild the supposition is that he went
to sleep and left the mill running and the
grain ran out. and the friction caused by
the mil rocks rubbng together started the
fire. The loss is estimated at about $2Ol. No
Insurance. We extend our deepest sympa
thy to ihe grief-stricken family and sor
Ront Company Organized.
A charter has been granted the Mer
chants and Naval Stores Transportation
Company, of Columbus, und a meeting of
the stockholders was held Saturday.
There were 127 shares of stock represented.
After electing the directors and going
through with other routine business, the
following officers were elected: M. W.
Kelly, president and treasurer; A. D.
Covington, vice president; W. R. Moore,
general manager, and GeoVge C. Palmer,
©ecretary. This is the company of which ,
Capt. W. R. Moore is at the head, and
through his efforts it has beert got up.*
They now have two elegant steamers in
course of construction, ut Jeffersonville.
Jnd.. which will be ready for operation
about the last of next month. This will j
be one of the beet equipped lines on the
Chattahoochee river, and will run inde
pendent of all others.
find n Narrow Each pc.
On Thursday afternoon Messrs. Clabe
Bateman and.Zack Hays went up to Mr.
Mek>y Jackson's mill, five miles from
Byron, in Crawford county, for an after
noon’s fish. After they had tithed for an
hour or so with indifferent success. Mr.
Bateman decided he would go in bathing
end entered the water just above the mill.
Mr. Hays and the miller remained at the
milk After Mr. Bateman had swam
around a short while, he was in some way
so overpowered by the undercurrent that
he lost control of himself and was carried
with terrific force through the water
trunk, which measures eight inches by
twelve inches. Mr. Hays heard the mill
slop and two or three screams in quick
succession and rati below to find the hor
rible sight of Mr. Bateman's body half
out of the water trunk, having passed the
distance of eight or ten feet through the
trunk of the above dimensions, and he a
man weighing IMO pounds. He was soon
rescued from his position and did not
complain much when asked if ho was hurt,
hut replied that he had been "through the
mill." He soon felt sore and had to be
taken to a room and given a bed at Ihe
home of Mr. Maloy Jackson. A physician
was summoned, but no bones were found
broken and he was taken to his home.
Congressman R. W. Davis Is nt his home
in Palatka, having arrived from Washing
ton about a fortnight ago. It i* understood
that he will take a very active part in
the present campaign.
Found for Senator.
J. E. Pound, editor of the Suwannee
Democrat, announces in the co'umns of
bis paper that he will be a candidate for
the nomina ion of Senator in the Demo
cratic primary toon to be held in his
Mr. Flagler'* New nemidencp.
The foundation of Mr. Henry M. Flag
ler's new residence at } aim Beach was
laid last week. It is aaid that ibis resi
dence will t ji a beauty; and. when com
puted will, with the tropically-laid out
grounds around it, cost nearly half u mil
A Larky Editor.
Lake City, Florida Index: W. T. Henry
sent a melcn io this office last Saturday
that was a whopper sire enough. Two
negro* s rolled it upstairs, and it furnish
ed refreshment for a large crowd. Many
thanks Mr. Htnry. Mr.y you five a thou
jand years ands nd us j' st such a mel n
every year for all that time.
Ocala After the t npltnl.
Jaeper New*; Ocala is out for the cap
ital in earnest and has flooded the state
with circulars, showing a map of Florida
surrounded by a wheel, Ocala occupying
the center or hub. The Ocala Banner save:
"Ocala is going to have the capital if it
takes every foot of real estate and every
dollar of personal property within her in
corporated limits to get it. She is going
broke or win—and is going to win. The
arguments and the odds are all in her fa
A Rig; Starch Factory.
Volusia County*Record: Manager War
dell of the Seminole Manufacturing Com
pany 1s getting everything in readiness
out fit the factory at Stetson for convert
ing the cassava crop of this section into
starch. Th* company, alone, has 500 acres
under cultivation. The factory at Step
son cost, in all. exceeding $50,000, and is
by long odds the best starch factory in
Florida and one of the largest and finest
to be found in the South.
Big Reward for Booker.
A circular has been issued by Sheriff
John W. Hogan of Putnam county saying
S6OO reward wiil be paid by the sheriff of
Putnam county for one Eli Booker, a ne
gro man, who, on June 14, murdered a
young white man by the name of Julian
R Smith, at Palaka. This description
follows Dark, ginger-cake color; hight
about 5 feet. 8 or 9 inches; weight 145 to
155 pounds; square shoulders; walks ere t,
bmping slightly on left leg; rather sharp
face, with rruan expression; small mus
tache; raised about inch long, just
above eyebrow and n ar cen er cf fore
head; age 28 to 30 years; has been em
ployed as turpentine hand and steamboat
Hcmovnl of the Capital.
Jacksonville Metropolis: The Executive
Committee of the Capital Removal Asso
ciation held an important meeting at noon
to-day, which was well attended. A large
number of letters from prominent citizens
were received, which gave the committee
much encouragement. These letters come
from all parts of the state, and give the
situation in the various counties. The
opinion prevails that Jacksonville will
easily secure a majority of the counties
in the state. The committee to-day ie
eeived samples of their campaign buttons,
and ordered 500. which are to be used by 1
members of the association in this city.
These button*! have the initials "J. C. A."
in monogram, and arc very neat. The
regular buttons for general use are in
red. white and blue, and are lettered,
"State Capital Jacksonville.” Ten thou
sand of these were ordered, and will be
judiciously distributed all over the state.
Aiken Recorder: Mr. Harrison Butler,
of this county, has on his. farm near
Hamburg an up and field of twenty acres
that has on it prdbab y the finest cr p
of corn in the county. A number of far
mrrs have examined it and estimated the
yeld at not lets than 100 bu-bels per acre.
Xo \ew Guns for Militia.
Adjt. Gen. Floyd has been trying to get
a supply of magazine rifles for use by
the militin of the state. A requisition
was made-for 200 of the latest magazine,
rifles, but a letter was received stating
that the guns could not be supplied, as
they were not available.
Will Pay Ten Per Cent.
By an order from United States Circuit
Judge Simonton, received In Charle.-pm
and filed Thursday, depositors in the de
funct American Savings Bank •will be
paid a dividend of 10 per cent, on claims
which have been proven to the court
This is the first payment allowed deposi
tors since the hank failed. According to
the report of Col. James E. Hagood, be
fore whom claims had to be proven, the
total amount on which dividends wtll be
allowed is something over $123,000. The
reveller.- have in Lank mere than $17,000.
From this amount the dividends for de
positors will be drawn and the balance
will go to attorneys, of whom there are
many. Just how much more money will
subsequently go to depositors of the
American Savings Bank is problematical.
Trngetlj- In Union Comity.
The tragedy at Carlisle, Union county,
resulting in The death of two negro men,
the wounding of a young negro woman,
was a warm denouement to a marriage
ceremony about half concluded when the
balls began to fly. This was on Wednes
day night. On that date a young negro
man named Sims, son of Giles Sims, eol
ord, of Spartanburg, went to the house
of a negro named Jeff Tucker and ac
companied his daughter out for a walk.
They made for a church and parson, but
Tucker caught an inkling of the matter
and went out to hum for his daughter,
armed with a pistol. He found the par
ties in the act of being united in mar
riage and proceeded without any warning
to fire at Sims. Sims was family
wounded, but managed to secure his own
pistol and return the fatal fire, killing
Tucker. In the melee the, wounded bride
was wounded. Both men died shortly
after the exchange of shots.
Many Short Railroads.
The building of short and connecting
lines is going on all through Ihe state.
A charter was grant and some time ago for
the construction of the Paragon Railroad,
which is to run between the kaolin mines
of Aiken county anti the main line of Ihe
Southern. Friday a charter was i ste I
to the Winnsboro and Camden Railroad
Company, w hich Is to construct a line be
tween Camden and Winnsboro. The im
pression is that the line is to be a. link
of the Seaboard Air Line and that it is
to be operated by that system. A charter
fer anew road to connect Union, Spar
tanburg and the neighboring towns with
the Seaboard Air Line is also pending
The work on the Charleston extension of
the Seaboard Air Line, which is a most
important link, seems to have gone <iu et
ly along and the expectation is that there
will be some developments in that connec
tion quite soon. The Southern Railway Is
hard at work on its extension from Al
lendale to HardeevilH, which Is to be on
its Savannah extension, and there is talk
In railroad circles that the Southern will
go further south than Hardecville. which
is the terminus of the present extension.
The Stale Alliance.
The next gathering of consequence in
Columbia is to be the annual meeting of
tho State Alliance, which is to be held
in the hall of the House of Representa
tives on the 25th inst., Wednesday next.
Though the sub-alliances in many coun
ties have gone to pieces and not a few
have abandoned thetr organization, the
leaders say that the attendance at the
j state' meeting will be large. No doubt
| the gathering will be somewhat larger
i than that of last year. There will lie a
| reason for this, and it is to be found in
| the fight over the disposition of the funds
; of the exchange. There is now on hand
some $’.8,000 in cash. There has been a
warm discussion recently over this money.
When the alliance was all-powerful some
j years ago Ihe alliancemen all over the
state took stock In the exchange, and
now otter the lapse of time some of the
holder* are dead and some have moved
from the state; others went In with their
fellow-memhers of the sub-alllances and
| subscribed for so much stock for the sub
alliance. Long ago some of these sub
alliances have ceased to exist. There Is
a demand on the pert of many for a dl-
I trlbution of the money among the orlg
} Inal subscribers and iheir heirs. Exact
ly how this can be accomplished Is the
problem that the trustee stockholders will
•ry to solve at the coming meeting Many
wish the money to stay where it now Is
and be properly Invested. >
THE MORNING NEWS: MONDAY, JULY 23, 1900.
‘THE FARM AND THE GARDEN.
MATTERS OF’ INTEREST TO AGKI
CTLTIRIST AND HOUSEWIFE.
The Value of a Brush Arbor—lmple
ment* of the Garden—Go©l Seed*.
Saving the Soil Moisture— Hardy
Oruugra for ll*dgM—Crab Gran*
for Ha>—Sncee* in Market Gar
den Infip—Cross-bred Hon* the Be*t.
If we stylo a frame or place wherein
we grow plants in the winter or early
spring a "c©M frame," we might ‘with
due propriety apply the term "hot frame"
to one in which we grow plants in the
heat of summer.
If the one is Intended to protect from
cold, the other is likewise intended ‘to
protect from hoat. But as we might con
fuse the tf rm with hotbed, which is a I
well known application of heat to protect
from cold, perhaps it would not be well to
introduce the term hot frame into, th*
vocabulary of gardening.
Tn starting certain crops it is found ad
vantageous to grow the plants first in
prepared seed beds and afterwards trans
fer them to the open ground. We get a '
much earlier start with certain crops in j
the spring by sowing the seeds in frames
or even in warm borders along a fence
for by this means we procure even grown
plants that we can set out about the time j
it would be safe to risk the sowing of the
seed In the open ground. It makes a dif
ference of several weeks in the maturity
of many vegetables.
So in midusmmer, from the middle of
June to the middle of August, by sow
ing the seeds of certain vegetables in a
place that is protected from the direct
rays of the sun from 10 or 11 o’clock in
the morning until 4 or 5 o’clock in the af
ternoon, it is quite possible to secure
germination and normal growth of plants
when, if exposed to the steady rays of
the sun, the young plants would be killed
out even if germination hod been effected.
In Southern latitudes a brush arbor for
growing summer plants is as valuable to
the garden almost as the cold frames dare
for growing early spring plants.
This brush arbor usually is most eco
nomically made of pine tops or brush,
but anything that will make intense shade
will answer the purpose. The arbor can
be made either along the fence or out in
the open, but it is some better to make
it along the west fence. It should'be
raised about six feet above the ground,
and can be any width or length desired.
Under this arbor i is possible, with the
aid of a little wafer, to germinate read
ily seeds of celery, cabbage, collards,
beets, tomatoes, Brussels sprouts, kale, in
fact plants of any thing that comprise the
winter or fail garden, and that should be
started anywhere from June to August.
We have not tried growing onion plants
thus protected in August to provide plants
to set out in October, but we shall try it
this season. Instead ©f waiting till Octo
ber to sow the seeds in the open ground
it would be a great gain to have plants of
fair size to set out in October and No
vember. It is quite possible, however,
that it will be too warm for onions even
under a good shade in August, for it. Is
a crop very impatient of heat. Along with
some other plants it requires a tempera*
tuire of soil below 50 for good germination
But with the other plants above named
it is a great advantage.
The chief thing to be done is to watch
the young plants that they are not de
stroyed by their insect foes, of which
there are many at this season of the year
Tho proper insecticides must be ready
to hand, to be applied with the sowing
of the seeds and repeated as often as
need be. Pyrethrum powder, to be ap
p ltd with a 1 tile bellows is the most re
liable, insecticide to have on hand. What
ever wan t* is used for water ng ihe b ds
or plan s should be tainted with kerosene
oil or carbolic acid. A few' tar balls p ace i
in the soil at int r as have a
gord effect in keeping certain insects in
The soil under the arbor should be deep
ly prepared and pu.verlzed, then firmed
with a handroller or tamper. Sow' tfcp
feeds in four or five-inch drills about half
an inch deep, cover and film, then wrater
to satui at‘on. Have at hand some good
mulching material to put between the
rows of plan sand there will be less need
for watering the btds. For most plants
that are grew’n for fall or winter use
there is no need to set out befo.e the last
of August in our latitude.
The chief requirements in gardening
are: First. Good seeds. One should go to
considerable trouble to s cure the very
best. Thera are* a gieat many inferior
seeds palmed off on gardeners and far
mers and every year there are thousands
of failures owing to bad seeds.
Second. A good soil, well prepared, is
the next requirement, and third, ihe next
i-s good cultivation. No crop should ever
be allowed to become weedy, lor it is
much easier to kill the weeds before they
come up than to kill them after they have
taken a hold among the plants.
Fourth. One cannot garden satisfactor
ily without suitable implements. Besides
the necessary hoes, there should be a
garden plow, or wheel hoe. as it is term
ed. A hand roller Is essential, a very
heavy rake and a light one are neces
sary. A grubbing hoe with a long han
dle is a good tool to have at hand; also
n pronged hoe and a pronged spade.
A hand plow with its several points is
an indispensable tool in any garden un
der twenty acres. The soil being once
well broken with the horse plow, there
are many crops that can be carried on to
maturity with this implement only, such
crops as onion, celery, radish, lettuce,,
Hlneklicrry AN tne.
Mrs. M. B.: The making of wine is
very simple. Pick over the berries and
mash them and to each gallon of berry
mash add one quart of hot water. Allow
it to stand twenty-four or thirty-six
hours, keeping well covered. Strain into
jug or keg and to every gallon of juice
add three (3) pounds of white sugar and
one pint of rye whisky or a little less of
alcohol. This can he left our if desired.
Set the vessel away in n cool place, stir
ring and skimming several times during
the week following. Later on put up in
clean bottles or jugs and cork securely.
Craburas* for Hay.
One of ihe most conspicuous errors of
Southern agriculture is the practice of
pulling corn leaves for fodder and neg
lecting the crabgrass, which grows spon
taneously after the corn Is "laid by," rays
. farmer In a Florida journal. The leaves
are an expensive feed when Ihe error of
pulling is considered, and ihe weight har
vested per acre is much below that of the
hay. which might lie secured if properly
managed. The pulling of ihe corn leaves
it has been demons! rated by several South
! ern experiment stations, damages the
grain In the ear fully ns much as the fod
der is worth if not mine. True, it is not
so easy to cut crabgrass among the stand
ing corn stalks as it is lo pull Ihe leaves,
but with the land left free of ridges under
the system of fiat culture, a mowing ma
chine may be driven through, cutting corn
stalks and all; but the best plan for se
curing bay is lo harrow the land smooth
after the spring vegetable crop is harvest
ed (this might also be done on corn land),
VV. F. HAMILTON,
Artesian Well Contractor,
Am prepared to drill wells up to an?
depth. We use first-class machinery, can
do work on snort aotlcs and suarante.
allow It to grow up in crabgrass. and har
vest it once or twice. Everywhere you
will find this crabgrass A general yield
is one ton per acre, but with fertilizers, it
is doubled and trebled.
Last spring I had a field of strawberries,
but could rot renew it for want of labor.
The leaf stems stood about four Inches
high with the leave? email. T plowed be
tween the rows and selected a threatening
day for rain, and under and over *he
leaves I applied by hand 1,000 pounds cot
ton meal and 250 pounds sulphate pot
ash per acre. It rained before we got
through, but we finished the sowing in the
rain. Result, we had an extra fine crop
In July I cut from this piece, of crab
grass two tons of dried hay to the acre,
and the latter part of September one and
a half tons to the acre. We finished
gathering our egg plants Aug. 10, the first
being gross feeders. I applied to these 1.500 i
pounds rot ton seed meal, 250 pounds bone
meal. 250 pounds dissolved bone, and 250
pound* sulphate potash, this fertilizer be
ing applied at several different times.
From this land, with the tramping, pull
ing up of dead plants, etc., I cut three and
a hall tone of hay to the acre. Fertilizers
ditl it. I had a large lot of different va
rieties of pepper plants, fertilized same as
egg plants, but had to keep them clear by
cultivator and hoe. Not one spear of
crabgrass came to hay, but I had the
same amount of Mexican clover, showing
that it must not be disturbed from it 6
A field*cured without rain makes a fine,
bright, clean green hay when baled, but
If it gets one shower of rain it is black
ened. If over-sweated in tramp cock or
mow', it will blacken. The rain does not
les.sen its feeding qualities, as cattle and
horses eat it just as well in this state it
spoils it? market value more or less, ac
cording to color. When put in ten-ton
lots, it will ferment more or less, even
when perfectly dry, but when sweated in
tramp cocks, the best plan is to bale it at
Saving the Soil Moisture.
Capillary action, or movement of water
in the soil, is due to the tension of soil
particles. If the particles ore coarse, the
action is weak, says the Tennessee Ex
periment Station. If the particles are fine
and the soil compact, the capillary action
is strong and a large amount of water
wall be held unless lost by evaporation.
Moisture may be retained in the soil by
subsoiling. plowing. harrowing, cult:-
vatlng, mulching, rolling, and by the ad
dition of humus or decayed vegetable
matter. Subsoiling increases the depth of
clayey and compact soils and allows more
water to enter them instead of running
off on the surface. Subsoiling is thus an
important means of preventing washing,
and it also enables- the roots to penetrate
deeper, thus increasing the feeding area.
Both spring and fall subsoiling are of ad
vantage on stiff, heavy land.
Plowing is an important factor in saving
soil moisture. The reason why lands wash
so seriously is that the plowing is too
shallow’ and 1t is frequently done when
the soil is In an unfit condition. The plow
should be run as deep as possible, being
set slightly lower each year until the top
soil is eight or ten deep. The best plow
ing is that w’hich leaves the soil in the
finest state of division.Cloddy or lumpy
land cannot hold a large amount of water;
therefore it is important to plow when
the land is neither too wet nor too drj*.
Land should be harrowed after plowing
before the clods become hard and difficult
to crush, and the surface made as fine cs
possible. Frequent harrowing of lands
already planted will check the loss of
water. Orchards, especially those con
taining young trees, will be greatly bene
fited by harrowing at brief intervals until
midsummer. The disk harrow is besi
adapted to clayey soils. The disks should
be set at such an angle that the entire
surface will be tilled. Asa saver of soil
moisture, however, the disk harrow is con
sidered inferior to the Acme or spring
tooth harrow’s. If the land has been put
in proper condition early in the season a
spike tooth or smoothing harrow will be
all that 1m needed during the summer.
The frequent cultivation of hoed crops
is necessary to prevent he rapid evapor
ation of moisture. Tf the ground is suf
ficiently loos? an implement with many
small teeth should be used, as such a cul
tivator leaves a finer soil mulch than one
with large teeth. A soil mu’ch 3 inches
and ep is more effective in saving moisture
ihan one of less depth. The land should
te tilled after every lain, whether the
fall is heavy or light. The object of culti
vation is to destroy weeds and to prevent
the formation of a surface crust. This
crust if allowed to remain unbroken, fa
vors the cap! lary movement cf water to
the surface of the ground, where the
moisture evaporates. Use the cultivator
several times between rains, if the inter
vals are long.
Rolling is an advantage in preventing the
loss of moisture trom u.a not compact
enough tq hold much water. The com
pleting of such soil? by repeated rolling
decrease* the amount of w’ater that pass
es through them and beyond the roach of
roots. When object of rolling is to
save the so 1 moisture, a tooth harr w
should be used if possible after rolling,
so as to form a layer of loose soil on the
surface; otherwise rolling will decrease
the soil moisture. The roller should be
used with caution on clayey lands. The
purpose of using the roller after seeding
during dry weather is to compact the
soil, thus increasing the capillary action,
which carries the necessary amount of
moisture to ihe seeds to cause germina
tion. The roller is sometimes used after
the plants are up, which of course favor?
the rise cf water to the young roots. The
adclt on of humus to soils deficient in or
ganic material will greatly increase their
capacity lor hold ng water. This may be
supplied by using vegetable mold 10 cover
crops, rotations, green manures and sta
ble manures, says a bulletin cf the Ten
nessee experiment station.
The Sucre** in Market Gardening.
For success in gardening of any kind
one must have a rich soil, a favorable
situation either to the market or to cheap
transportation lines, and then a clear
conception of the best method of raising
the right crops both in abundance and in
quality, says the Indiana Farmer. As
suming that he first two nre supplied by
nature, it may be worth while to consider
the methods of cultivation. Market gar
dening is essentially intensive farming.
No man can make a success at it in any
other way. Large expectations nre look
ed for. bin to obtain these the soil must
be most 1 berally treated. Not one crop,
but two and three a year must be har
vested from the land, and no soil can pro
duce more than one crop unless culti
vated thoroughly and manured persist
ently. The man who goes into the work
with the Idea that if ho succeeds in rais
ing a good crop of tomatoes, potatoes, let
tuce or other vegetables he will have a
successful season, makes a great mistake.
He must raise one or two crops In addi
tion on the same land. Often the first
and earliest crop merely pays for the mn-
Inure and labor of cultivating and harvest
ing. The second crop may pay for in
terest on money invested, taxes and the
j owner's time and labor, and the profits
rest entirely with the third crop.
There is first the importance of getting
! a crop of early radishes, lettuce, beets
; or other vegetables in the ground so that
the crop can be harvested in time to
transplant from the green house or cold
frames the young plants of the next crop
—say tomatoes, lemons, egg plants or
| other mid-summer vegetables. It is then
necessary to consider the third crop, a
j fall or early winter harvest or turnips
kale, spinosh. pumpkins or late peas In
| order to crowd these three crops into one
! of ou< short seasons it is not only neces
i snry to enrich and cultivate the soil to
; the highest point of perfection, but it is
j necessary that one should plan far ahead.
| The whole year’s work must he laid out
i beforehand, and everything should he
j done like clockwork. R**eda of coming
\.rops must be planted so they w.lll pro-
duce crops ready for transplanting at the
right time. When one crop h? harvested
the next must be ready to clap in its
place. A delay of a few days may make
all the difference in the w’orld. It is also
necessary that the modern market gard
ener should have plenty of hoi houses,
cold frames or gre*n houses. He cannot
get along without them, for while one
crop is ripening in the garden the
must be sown in the cold frames in order
to save time. It is in this way only can
we expect to make gardening pay in our
Northern and Western states where the
seasons are so short.
Cro**-bred Hog* the Be*t.
While the pure-bred pig may be the best
for the fancy breeder and represents the
highest s ar.dard. the cross of a thorough
bred on common stock will give the bo t
; e:-ults in ordinary farming, says a w’rlter
in an exchange. This is a matter that
1 aves little room for doubt, and 'the most
sjcreesful farmers make the most by ju
d:ciot£ly crossing in this way. The thor
oughbred does not in one case in a hun
dred po?*fss ad those qualities of hard
nes? and power of growth essential to gen
eral use A g-.od deal of the fancy stock
is anything but sui ed to ordinary far
mers’ needs, and it is a mistake for anj*
except a professional breeder to attempt
io handle them alone. There is, of course,
a difference in the fancy breeds for cross
ing. and one must certainly use good
judgment in this work.
I think. howev*:r, few' will dispute me
when 1 say that a farmer will always te
in gett ng Ferkshires and Poland-
Chinas. These two breeds seem 1o be ;he
g neral favorites in this country for go and
and sufficient reasons. Both breeds will
give go?d and quick results, and when
fed liberally and pushed to their utmost
they will yield very similar results. Now,
to my way of thinking, a cross between
these two breeds will prove of evt n more
value than either breed alone. Although
somewhat similar in the r manner of de
veloping ar.d fattening, these two breeds
have their special qualities which realy
distinguish them mere than any external
mark. The tendency of young Berkshire
pigs, when turned into the clover fields
and fed only a little feed through the
summer, is to grow lean ar.d lank, form
ing a fine carcass for fattening purposes
laier. This tendency to leanness. however,
is somet mes too much emphasized to siii
•ho farmer, and he wishes he could re
form it. Now' a cross with the Poland-
China will show just this reform needed.
The cro'S w.ll hold up better under sum
mer feedii g than the pigs of either br?cd.
In crossing any breed it ia always well
to know’ just w’hat you are doing. The
parent* may rot be thoroughbred, but
their ancesTV should* be pretty well
known. To take any kind cf a hog and
cross it with a pure bred mate is to bring
into existence an uncertainty. The pigs
may prove satisfactory ard again they
may not. The ri'k is almost too great t)
run. Ii is not a difficult or expensive rr.at
t r to secure good hogs for breeding, and
often the crosses between good breeds can
be obtained at little less expense than
crosses between common, worthless pigs.
In selecting the an-imals the qualities of
the parents raus. be considered from an
other standpoint. Net every breed make?
good mothfrs, and this is important. Vie
know* the Berkshire sows make excellent
mothers, a.nd they are. also prolific.
Hardy Orange* for Hedge*.
About ten years ago several parties
hereabouts set out plants of the hardy
orange to test its hardiness and its de
sirability for hedging, says Joseph Mee
han. Coming from Japan, there was rea
sonable doubt of its standing our climate.
Its very thorny character and bushy
growth was evidence enough of its fitting
the requirements of a hedge if it hue
proved quite hardy. Well, after the test
of many years, it has proved entirely
hardy for this vicinity, and this being the
case it is fair to think it could be used
for hedging further North than this. It
does not hurt a hedge plant if its tops are
slightly hurt in winter, as this acts as a
pruning, tending to make the plant more
bushy. This plant seeds freely when but
of a few years growth, so that it can be
grown in quantities at a cheap rate; a
something quite necessary when a hedge
plant is thought of. The first year of its
seeding life is apt to find it growing very
late in the season, and this immature
growth will be somewhat hurt in winter.
But when a year or two have passed by
and growth becomes hard before freezing
weather sets in, there is no more damage
of tops. The winter just passed through
was quite severe, 10 to 12 degrees below
zero, and below' zero for forty-eight hours
in succession, yet the plants over one year
old were not damaged in the slightest de
gree. For Pennsylvania and places in the
•.'ame latitude there need be no hesitation
in planting it No doubt readers will wish
to know in what way it possesses merits
the Osage has not. It is in its stiff *r
growth, its immense spines, its bright
green wood, sweet scented flowers and
small oranges. The flowers and fruit
have nothing to do with hedging quali
ties. but anything planted for utility in the
way of fencing may as well be ornamental
at the same time. The oranges are round,
about six Inches in circumference and of
a dull orange color. I regret to add they
are not fit lo eat, being very bitter. It
has been found that it stands prunning
well, becoming quite bushy in a short
time-. Its growth is so stiff that nothing in
the world would force its way through an
established hedge of it; the branches i*re
really almost immovable, the side ones as
well as those of the center. Neither the
Osage nor the honey locust has anything
like the stiff character of this. It is true
(hat live fences are but little called for
now. wire superseding them, but many a
one likes to see a hedge, and many a gar
den is the better for having one aroundd it.
I can safely recommend this hardy orange
for the purpose. Oranges are some of
them known as Limonias. and this one is
found in many lists as Limonia Trifoliata.
Asa single specimen on a lawn it is a
something unlike any other shrub.
The Value of Glycerine.
A teaspoonful of glycerine in a cup of
hot milk or cream will at once relieve the
most violent attack of coughing. -This is
a simple, easily-obtained and harmless
Equally simple and quite os effective is
the use of a diluted glycerine spray
through an atomizer. This is applied di
rectly to the inflamed or (irritated sur
faces, and gives an almost instant relief.
In attacks of influenza, sore throat, anl
other troubles, glycerine mixed with three
times its hulk of water, boiled and cooled,
is an invaluable remedy.
A little practice will enable the pat
ient to apply the spray, and the soothing
and cooling effect is remarkable.
t are of Iliillm.
Care of summer flowering bulbs, such
as dahlias, cannas, tube roses and gladi
olas, is but very little trouble and can be
very successfully done, if one is careful
to follow a few simple, directions. I re
member the first dahlia and gladiola
bulbs I had. 1 knew nothing of how
they should be* treated, and 1 separated
all the dahlia bulbs from the main stalk,
and put them and the gladlolas away be
fore they were dry. The result was I
had no bulbs 10 plant the next spring.
All bulbs should be spread out in some
place, but not in the sun, or where mice
will get at them-for mice dearly love
bulbs—to dry. They should be stirred
once a day until perfectly dry. Do not
separate your dahlias or canna bulbs, un
til you are ready to plant them next
spring. Do no< top any of your bulb?
too close. Leave that to be done at plant
ing time. By tbit time the tops hot
should come off. will readily peel off from
the bulbs. I have ruined several fine
tube rose bulbs by topping too close. If
you <*ut Into the bulb it will rot. When
your bulbs are dry. pu t them in a he*vy
paper sack, a flour sack being the best,
BESIDES the dangers and dia
fignrements of Blood Dis
eases, the Banting and Itch
lag Skin Eruptions are among SE-fN
the most acote tortures. The
strongest systems soon collapse
Pn p (Eippman’s Great SfefcJ
•r. A • Remedy) is a safe jjpfcjgflL; ('f
and certain care for
yery Skin Disease, whether ter- u I*\ K C
taring, disfiguring, humiliating, >A \* 'Jh- _S'), 'Uvs3lsE'‘s'rf
Itching, burning, bleeding, scaly, EsgjaK
pimply or lotchy—in fact, from *3 12?
pimples to the most distressing Siff
eczemas —and every humor of the \
blood, whether simple, scrofulous
PU TANARUS) . Purifies the blood,
* ** builds up the weak
gives Strength to weakened fejpftif
nerves, expels diseases, and in- SjmHaL rfa, ' j)
sures health and happiness where
sickness and despair once shut j * |
out the light of life. I of §•. •vi.jfwP
Sold by all Druggists.' $x a D|/la
bottle; six bottles, S S . *
ft Sols Proprietors,
iUno..***. SAVANNAH. O*.
L 1 ■■r I I MMmai 1 ti.ij
We move back to Broughton street Oct. 1. Our lo
cation will be 112 west.
We don’t want to spend much money on drayage.
Therefore have decided to sell entire stock at
ZERO PRICES FOR CASH,
and will make accommodating terms to time purchasers.
Our summer specialties are Awnings, Mosquito Nets,
Odorless Refrigerators, the only kind; the Puritan
Wickless, Oil Stoves (Blue Flame) for cool cooking.
You know where to find us.
FIRE PROOF SAFES.
We carry the only line of Fire Proof Safes that are
for sale in the State. We have a stock of all sizes and
a visit to our establishment is cordially invited. To be
prepared in time of peace is our motto. Get a good
Fire Proof Safe and you will never regret the invest
ment. Do not buy a second-hand safe unless you know it
has never been in a fire. We will sell you Iron Safes as
low as the factory will, with freight added.
LI PPM AN BROTHERS,
Wholesale Druggists and Wholesale Agents
Fire Proof Safes.
and put them in a dry cool place where
they will not freeze. W. A. B.
Farmers, Keep Bees.
While it is not practical for most farm
ers to undertake to keep bees extensive
ly, many of them could keep a few col
onies without much trouble and thus pro
duce sufficient honey for home consump
tion. It does not require much work to
care for a few colonies of bees, and there
is as much profit in bees, for the labor
bestowed, as there is in anything: else I
known of. The honey and wax ore not
the only benefit to be derived from these
little workers. They are useful agents in
the cross pollination of flowers. It used
to be thought that they were an injury
to fruit, but careful investigation has
shown them to be of great advantage,
especially to the horticulturist. The com
mon black bee cannot work on red clover,
on account of not being able to reach the
honey. The Italian bee works on red
clover. The Italian has the advantage
over the native black bee of being able
to rid the hive of the bee moth. All
bees will work on crimson clover. Among
the forest trees that grow' in West Vir
ginia, maple, poplar, bass wood, holly and
many others which might be mentioned
afford valuable bee pasturage.
Oat 1 Smut.
The loss from smut in the oat crop Is
said to he. or to have been, some $18,000,000
per year in the United States. Estimates
made in Kansas placed the loss for that
state a one at $1,382,328 in 1888. at $500,554
in 1889. and $911,299 in 1890. In Indiana in
1889 it was estimated at $797,520. and in 1800
at $690,352. In Michigan in 1891 it was esti
mated at $BOO,OOO. and in 1892 at $1,000,000.
Whie these estimates are approximate,
they are likely to be less rather than
above the actual injury. They represent
the percentage of crop damaged, hut there
is another way in which future crops -are
reduced by it. Seed from a field where
there is much smut result* in more smutty
grain the next year, and if ihe crop is
sown again on the same field, ihe smut
will appear even when clean seed D used.
By the use of one pound of formalin in
fifty gallons of water, the formalin cost
ing 60 to 75 a pound, and simply
springing the'seed, mixing until all ore
moistene:! and sowing seed on clean land,
this trouble may be prevented. One gfll'on
of water Is enough to moisten a bushel of
oQts, so that the cost of treatment need
not exceed a cent and a half per bushel.
If the seed is to be drilled in. it should
be spread and dried, but this is not neces
sary when it is to be sown broadcast.
Tlie Scrap Rook.
Thinning of Fruiits—Professor Van De
man. in Vick’s Magozine, calls attention
to the neglect of many otherwise intel
ligent fruit growers, to thin their heavily
laden trees or vines. He says: “There is
nothing lost by pulling off one-h.!f or
three-fourths of a big crop of fruit. It may
look <iike waste, but what is left will
grow to almost the same weight as the.
whole amount, and it will be larger, of
better quality and worth much more.
PeachcfJ, apples and pears, should be thin
ned to not less than six Inches apart;
plums to about half that distance. Fruit
grown this way Js a delight to see and eat,
while the small stuff groum on a crowd
ed tree or vine 1s often of a little value."
Cut Worms—The following cheap nnd
simple remedy for the destruction of cut
worm*, given in Farm and Home, is
worthy of trial: Cut worms often do very
great damage in gardens, as well os in
field crops. In the latter it is doubtful
tf any effective means of destructi<# can
be adopted on account of the cost, but
the New Jersey station find* wheat bran
ALWAYS ON DECK.
mixed with Paris green on effective reme
dy in the garden. Prof. Smith says the
worms like bran so well that they will
find it if within five or six feet of them.
The bran mixed with Paris green at he
rate of fifty pounds to one. should
placed in piles ten feet apart over the
field or truck natch, a very small handful
in a pile. The worms leave the plants for
the bran, and fall victims to their appe
tites in a manner almost human.
Care of Greenhouses.—lnsects and fun
gous diseases are bad enough in the open
field, but much worse when they get into
the greenhouse. An occasional scalding
of the benches and shelves, and washing
them down with a solution of carbolic
acid or sulphuric acid, will help much to
keep them out, hut if this fails it may be
necessary io cleup them out. removing
the earth and putting in a new* supply,
then close .and fumigate with burning
charcoal and sulphur, taking care not to
inhale the fumes, or let them get into an
other house where the plants arc. Re
move earth from all pots, wash them with
carbolic acid solution, wash off in clear
wafer the earth from roots or plants, and
repo-t in fresh earth. Much work it is.
but whnr is the use of a greenhouse when
plants will not grow.
Destroying Weeds and Rushes.—New
Jersey has gone farther in Its war against
weeds and insect pests than any other
state wo have or read of. It has
enacted a law that is to become opera
tive next S ptember, that all owners of
lands bordering upon public highways
shall clear them of weeds, bushes and
briars. If they do not do so, there shall
be a committee appointed by the town to
employ men to do so, and the cost shall
be assessed to he land owners. This is
a wise law, and the example might well
be followed by other states. These he " *
rows of weeds and bushes, either ins id*
or outside of the fence, are of no use ex
cepting as n harbor for insects, fungous
diseases and weeds to seed adjoining land,
or lo be transported along the highway
to fields where they are not wanted. This
cleaning up may cos* the farmers some
labor, but heirs will be the benefit in the
Bug Catch rs—One time I was viewing
the corn fiell ar.d found several tcads in
search for water, in a very dry dmc I
g3t them in a bi/cket and took then to
my garden. We sunk a half gallon cup;
kept it filled wi h water and introduce l
them to it. The first I net Iced ih?y woi"
eatchirg ihe me'on bugs. They evtn eat
the gr_<n cabbage worms and no more
worms and and I sec. We coul 1 see th m
catching worms and bugs late in the even
ing and at night. I am very careful not
to injure a toad when working in my
flow’d gard<n I th nk the toads are th*
greatest collectors of Insects on ihe form,
unless it is the Wrens. These build in old
cofTe’ belle’s hung on the garden feoe*'.
One n w (May 2) has a nest in a b il®*‘i
with three eggs.
We solicit articles for this deportment.
The name of the writer should accom
pany the letter or article, not r.eee eerily
for publication, but as an evidence of
Questions and communications relative
to agricultural on.l horticultural subjects,
tf addressed to Agrl. Editor, Prawer N.
Mllledgevllle, On., will receive immediate
We have a nice line of cider In bottles,
pure and genuine, from the celebrated
establishment of iloit & Cos., of New
The Russet Cider and Ihe Crab Apple
Cider are very good. Llppmnn Htos., cor
ner Congress and Barnard streets, S
vannah, Ga.-au. '