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THE NEGRO RACE IN CUBA.
IfttlLAß ftCH'IKTY DHIHN Ml lll**
4 ItININATINfi 4 ill OH MM:.
Inlrrmiirrlaira %r#* t ommnn— Maw>
111*1 iitgullirl I’MirlH* of %frl*nn
l)‘rrnt —*la * Who \\ n Their
Übrtty hy Heroic llrrda,
From the NVw York Tim*'*,
tlaxann. B*pt. 11 - Avery propor
lion of the population of t*ul* belong* t
tho cohrr<l race. In Ihla r* pect Havana
ItaaSf ona of a Houth*'rn oily In
our own country, hut with a diffaniua
There the ra<* knows tla plate #n*l k*epjt
It, thaia Is no sttampt nt familiarity with
white pen-on*. a Southern negro
looks tinsn with contempt on any whit**
|vt>on who Is %v 111 ft ns* to aeiuM'lut* with
him as a *s*ia! equal Relation* between
the two mors arc on a business footing
Imagine tho surprise ;is tiling one t*el
to this condition of affair* w hen he r**a* li
ne Cube, w here rti- so utl conditio* • an* *o
different In their own estimation, t'uhan
n t jrroe* are every whit the equal of |**r
aons of fairer skins.ar.l it If not unusual to
find that they consider themselves su
perior. though why is not exa- fly dear
Jf It were -*iggested to one of them that
hla race was In any wn> inferior to th*
C'auraslan he would stuff at the ltiu 1
have yet to see one who o t toward n
shhs person In a manner showing any so
Bia* k and white children play together
on th*< streets, sit slie by side in all
s hnoln In whli*h the black hoy not Infre
qitemly ellipses hi* whit* neighbor In
etudice In all of th* char liable ’'homes**
whites and blanks nr* admitted on on
equal footing; living given ll lit!■! prlv
lieges, sleeping In lh -am* tlormltorles
and eating at tho earn** table In only on*-
"home have I fall**! to hbth colors;
that was the Home of Hie Widows ol
ttpamith Officers. They llv* In the same
districts There Is none set askfc tep tal
ly for that race, ms w sea In the North
or Bouth of the I’nited States. Every ten
ement house Is almost sur- to have as
many of one race as of the oth*r. and u
house divided into flats Is very apt to
have memtter* of on** race in one part
and of the other in the other |*rt. Few
restaurants or hotels exclude colored |eo
p!e from the privilege* ff**re| ther* laist
year. offer the Americans’ o .vip.it ton.
there were some very heated argtim* nts
In various restaurant* on account of the
equal privilege* grant**! the two race*.
Intermarriage* are very common, :t*
there I* no law against them, and there
Intermarriage* are not only among the
lowest Claaae*. where they might la- ex
pecteel. hut they often ot Hji among the
mhklle clusses, nml occasionally .1 fining
the culture*!. A* a rule, however, rac*
prejudl**- I* apt to be rather strong among
this latter etas* Nevertheless. I have
In mind a wealthy lawyer In flat.in.l. over
whose handsome home a mulatto ptrside*.
They have been 111.1 t rest „ number of
years, and have a family, the youngest
member of which la In charge of an Amer
ican woman, whose language and manners
betray a long acquaintance with New
Kngkmd. I also have In mind n more ex
traordinary ca*e than this: that of a wo.
man who was at one time a reigning la-lk
In a large city of one of our Ksstern
state*-she was alway* s|*ikt n of as Ihs
beautiful Miss . The family was an
eg.tell* nt one. hut poor, and the girl was
ambitious to have a magnificent home,
carriages, and everything else that Is pop
tdarly supposed to make life worth the
living. The wealthiest of her suitors was
a Cuban urgm-Ma* k as night
Negro Married the Meanly.
After much hesitation, he was accept
***.—* the wedding was one of the sen
sation* of the season Bhe had what she
expected, a palace for a home and all the
rest In keeping The man died several
year* ago. and. with tier wealth and some
remnant of beauty left, she did not long
remain a widow Her new htistwnd pur
chased a title from Spain with a Part of
bee money, so now she Is a Countess or
something of the kind Whenever her
name Is mentioned her story Is recalled
and Americans look ai her with curios
Iti appearance these Cuban negroes are
not unlike those of their race m the
States Home of the older ones look so
much like the old "mammies" and "un
cles' of our own South that when they
speak one expect* to h.r ihe darky .Its
lect. so familiar to the childhood of every
Southerner, and H Is ~ .1,
mem 10 hear . strange language spoken.
L V *f° !ar,sii,, *>' ' the mustial Span
without * *r|HJou colored wo-
h*r*. ***>, u Ily th< ol.ir 0.. *
great black cigars, face and . Ig.r „|| 7,f
Th *> " cv ' r *"*" Pipe like the
Southern mammv” They walk along
Wh.??*** - mao wo„|,|
White women of the lower class smoke
■ l “; bu ‘ “•': they prefer cigar!
There are some very pretty women
among both mulultoc- and blacks Th. v
pay a grea. deal of miction „ IP , r at.
pi-arance. „,d dress lastcfull). and ...
wen a* their means will afford Hut
m>e of the black women ate very hum.-
* POr -' ,h * ' -f" barbaric. No.
long aince 1 saw one on the sircct who
With her wild expression and gre*t h0,,,,s
of earrings, would have b„ „ f „ r nK , r „ ' (n
keeping with the ham. of her attestors
In the wilds of Afrit a
Negroes are never spoken or a* such
here, although there Is a Spanish word .1-
most Identical with the Kngllsh on. Th. i
are always referred to aw the •>*,, of
color." or "mor. nos." (brow,, people
Many of them are no dtrker in compl-x-
Jon than white Cubans.
At present there are only n f,-w nc.
groea In Cuba holding res'Kmshde po|-
tlona. There are aom. |to|lcemen. and I
have heard that there ate also (~• m *,|
carriers of this race, though I have not
aecn them. They are mostly hc* ii In
mental position*. a* porters, walt-rs.
laundr* *** *. and etc., hut even while serv
ing as such they apeak and ad on very
lamHlar tern* with their employers.
A Cuban leader, whose unfriendly and
In* endlar.t speeches have l* 1 . 1 no* a lit
tle dissatisfaction among his followers
with the prrsem order of affair* t- ,* n.-
gro, black as black can be
fttlarks ns l.lbcralor*.
M.iceo. one of Ihe Cuban Idols In Ihe
war of Independence was a I.’ o k m m
All Cubans, of whatever color, l ink upon
him as one of the noblest of their coun
trymen. When the Cuban army was In
existence the regiments wete made up of
men of any and all colors. There were
white Cubans, black Cuban*, black and
while Americana, and native* of other
countries There was no r. glment I*.
served for Ihe whites or (.lack*, so far
as 1 can learn, aa In our army, where th*
colored men are amdgrod to certain regi
ment* composed only of their race. HI nee
time Immemorial, regiments here have
been of mixed colors. We read that .lut
ing the Kngllsh invasion In ITtL! one r.gl
ment was composed of young men of the
first families In Havana, ami tit It was
afterward augmented by asveiyl hundr. and
"moreno* " They have 'always la-eit
brave, and many gained th* Ir Utterly dur
ing the reign of slavery by their prow
ees at some critical moment, one hun
dred and four were given thelr liberty
after th* assault on the Kngllsh, Intrench
ed Up the hill on which I'rlm-lpc Castle
now stands There were 13,' moreno* who
took part in the assault, but sixteen ot
I lien* were killed before the Kngllsh were
driven from their position Many more
received their liberty .luting Up. s Jm *.
>* ir for various acts of bravery.
During the numerous depredation* of
the (grates, which continued into the pro.
ent century, they also won laurels. Un
one occasion pirates swooped down on a
town and before the inhabitants could
offer proper resistance they had seised a
large amount of booty and were away
again, carrying with them the Bishop,
whom they were going to hold for a hi art
Ii insom Asi ve. Holomon l>> name, or
i tratilz*-*) m force, overtook the pirate-
Kilkd tlieti I* a*l*r. und rescued the Him*
<*p He was given his luterty for this
1 ; t, 4n| hi nam* has been immortal!** *1
i t*> mr than on* Cuban joet.
As Is well known, the Foanianlv put *n
[slavery the Indian* found here nt tit*
: time of the dts*overy, but |*o|Hilnr sentl
i waf mo mu • against this that they
j were liberal**! after a time; by ISk' they
| wire all freed. Thrtr places were take.i
I by negroes brought from Afri i This
ws not .i new thing to th* Hpan.r<]i.
j *s for many years Himlh hwl kept up .i
! dave tra|e with the Hark Continent lie.
I gtnmng in the sixteenth century, this traf
fic h tw• • n Cuba and Africa laMed until
I alout thirty v .ir# ago. re tching |t* high!
iin tlk early part of this century. Ther
1 was always u great dial of discussion on
, the subject among the heads of the go\-
J eminent. but the trade kept up
! Just the ami’, until the final
email* ip <tlon cam* Here. a* in
the other Islands of the West Indies, there
wore many ujai-li g *>f ;,# <|mvm- pi whi* a
l*ro|iertv dr stioyed nn<l |*ersais kill and
1 w lug to th* six# of the Island and the
consequent difficulty of a united uprising,
together with the presence of troops, the
insurrection* wer* not as serious here os
In the smaller islands, and w>re more
'J'li'klv put down A number of he lead
**r were ex*-. ute| from ttm* to time
The nanlgoes. who have terrorized ;wr
ikins of the Islands at times, were ne
groes. Cub* |s ihmiml **f many of her dusky
!Mu* for the ability they have shown In
the musical aid literary world. There
have been so tnanv who have attracted ,*t
I toil lon, In Cuba nt least, on ticcoutP of
their poetl* al gift- that one author haa
• onshierct) It worth while to make h *ol
le. *|#i of lh- biographies of these In a
work. "Poetas •|< t'olot. '*
fhe man. Antonio Medina, was called
hc "light of Id- race" on a*-count of hit
literary ittalnmcut- A colored w<nen.
Juana Pastor, was t not*d |*o-tess In th**
la.-* century. I'nfortunat* l>. the present
generation is unable to Judge of her work,
ae It was never printed. Ac* ordlng to a
good authority, she Wits the first In Cuba
to write poetry.
Th*-re hav* been several not**! violinists,
leader* of orchestra*. In Havana and * he
wh'-te. tine of these was Implicated In a
slave conspiracy and tramqiort* and. Tit re#
* oiortx) men. father and sons, gained
great renown In the musical world, ap
peal lug at the various Courts of Kurope.
One of the sons carried off th* first prlxe
at the l*arls Conservatory of Music.
KlbllTlMi Hit. til >t.
% l.antlluhher Mystified as to Hoy*
toy thing Is Kerr lilt.
From the New Orleans Times-Democrat.
"Ilow In the world Ihe gunners on our
big battleships ever manage to land 11
shell within S* mil* of Ihe thing they are
shooting at has been n mystery to me
ever since I saw- a piece of heavy ord
inance actually turned loose," said a man
from California "I was on the Oregon
dttr.tig some range tests pfT Mare Island,
shortly after Ihe ship was placed In *<on
mlsdon." he continued, "and the executive
officer, who was an old schoolmate of
mine, look me Into Ihe after turn* to
show me how the lag gun* were sighted
"The man who doe* the. aiming stands
on a little platform at the rear of the
breach and looks through a teles.-op,- fast
ened about Ihe laurel. Two wires cross
each other at r'.ght angles In Ihe far end
of the glass, and the place where they
meet must he brought In with a lance
shaped sight at the mtixxle of the gun and
also with the object aimed at. which In
the case to which I refer was a canvas
screen, sixteen feel square and l.tno yard*
"Now that would lie hard enough to do
on dry land, because every slight shift of
the telescope mrant th.' simultaneous
shifting of several ton* of cold steel by
mean* of a complicated system of wheel*
and levers; but on hoard a moving ship,
rocking up sail down on the wave*, the
difficulties are something appalling I
squinted through the Instrument, and all
I could see was a circular patch of ocean
whirling erlss-. ross over the held of vision,
like a magi, lantern picture with a had
case of St. Vlttts dance. Once 1 caught
a glimpse of sontchlng white, that shot
across the circle as swiftly as a swallow
and was gone la-fore I could say loo! That
vas the target, on which Ihe gunner was
supposed to draw a bead!
"1 stepped back In awe. while a good
looking young sallorm.iti ,00k my place,
gave a couple of hand wheel* a few sharp
tarns right and left and then, all of a
sudden pressed something like a telegraph
key. I thought the Who!*- universe had
broken loose at the foundations, but It
was only the gun going off. and the shell
carried away one etplre end of the while
anvaa target How the good-looking
voting snltorman go, It!*- atm I don't pre
b.-ad to say It seemed like a pie -c of pure
necromanev. The then behind the gun*
are. without a doubt, the greatest sleight
of-hand iierfotmer* In the world.”
-Ira D. Rankey ha* been making a re.
vital tour of Ireland and receptions In
his honor have been frequent throughout
A DAILY NUISANCE,
1 simple Heineily II ktch Will Inter
est t atarrh kulferer*.
In It* earlier siagcs cwtarrh I* more of a
nuisance than a menace to the general
health but sooner or later the disease ex
tends '*> the throat, bronchial tubes and
cM-n to the stomach and Intestines.
C.itntrh I* essentially a disease of the
mucous membrane. lh<- Jocal symptom*
being a profuse discharge or mucus, stop
page of the no.-ciHe. Irritation in Ihroo’
iii-itu: coughing, eneexlug. gagging and
fieiiuent clearing* of the throat and lien 1
■CI,,, usual ltatm* id by lis al douene*.
Shulls, salver, etc., often give* temporary
relief, but anything like a cure can oulv
obtained by a treatment which remove*
the catarrhal taint from the "hast and th.-
disappearance of the Inflammation front
the mucous surface*.
Anew teimdy which is- <la Mime re
quirements and w hich so fat has been re
markably successful in curing catarrh I*
giuirt's t'atarrh Tablets.
These tablet* act upon Ihe blond and
mucous mcnibianes only. They *an hardly
i, , ||ed a sccict patent medicine, as they
ire * umiiosrd of such valuable remedies as
Haiigutnarlu. Hydraallll, l a alyptol. .iml
-tmllar • leanstng antiseptics, which cure
by eliminating from tin niuod and mu
.-cue surfec* s tin- catanhal poison.
Smart's faiarrh Tablets are Itrge.
pi cl-n lit lasting loxenges taken internal!) .
allowing them ,0 dissolve slowly in the
mouth. In this > they reach the thro.it.
(nuces and the entire illnu-ntary c.itml.
If deeded, they mi) also l- dissolved in
water and us-d as 11 douche, pi addition
to the Internal use. bul II Is not at all
nec essary to use 1 douche, a f- w of thstn
dissolved In Ihe mouth d.tlly will lie suf
t\. p-nt However, when there w- much
stoppage tbe no*, a l*m he made from
these tablets will give Immediate relief,
but Ihe regular dally use internally ol
, h ,.,0 tablet* will cure the w-tiole catarrhal
trouble without re-ortlng to the incon
venience of a ilouche,
Ir Bement state- "tna! Ihe iniemal
treatment for i.uarrh is r*|>l*lly taking
the pin ■- of the old plan of douching, ami
|..*-al nppHcatlon. nd further sty* that
prots*hi>’ the t*eel utwl certainly the saf**-
lemedy at present on the market •*
Smart's t’atarrh Taikets, as no secret le
„,,,)„ of ihelr compoaltlmt and all th*-
yanlly efficient remedies tor catarrh are
contained In this tablet."
Druggist* dl Smar t Catarrh Tablet* 1
at fifty cents for full si*e*l package* Ask
your druggtet and If he la honest he l i ’
tell you iher*- I* no safe, mor* poiata *
more efficient and couvi-muit ratnv-lv on
the market. <
THE MOHNING NEWS. SATUKDAV, SEPTEMBER 22.1900.
| LUWBJST STRAIGHT FRONT fir LONG HIP
j *on sAitivrAu.telDiHG-ncT/wLtis'
• rKt’IAL ROTIIKt.
m*f;t i %if \ol n f:.
Neither the master nor co'ieln*e*. of the
Imaum will is r* sponslbl* for any debts
contracted by the * r w.
BTKACHAN A CO., Consignees.
Havonnoh. (li.. He|t. 22.
- - 1 .
BLi:< TIO> T % I.K l> KAiildMK
Mm rrmirl the t >•! ft the Wnr
%%11l lie f|M.IMMI.tPH.
Ixvndon. Hept. Ti. A flood of election
manifestation* appur In the morning |m
|mth Tlw- Conset valive l aiulldates, fol
lowing th* |e.l of Mr ItaSfoiir ai*l Mr
i'lmmlH rlaln. give tl.e mi* • **sful w*ir th*
first place In their campaign Bir Henry
t 'ampiwll-Hannerm tn, Übtral leader In
Hu* llous* of Commons. nn*l Sir William
Vernon llnrcourt. in their addresses d**-
itoun* * "tin unpre *dent**i precipitancy
of a dissolution In order to snatch a htrdy
Julgment on un Incompi* t* register of vo
Sir William Vernon Har*ourt refuses to
rinard m ‘ ephemeral war * as the sole
t**t >f goo-i government. *te Urtng that,
ulthougrt fr*-rn the moment of the lio* r
InvnSion he had support**! the government.
he has not changed Ills original opinion
that the needed reforms mignt have been
attained without war.
‘ Tlt* result of the government's policy.**
says Kir Wilihttn ‘‘*s that w#* are now in**
best hater! country In the worhi. nn*l
burdened with tc*umulute*! leht. und an
Increase*! f ixation. \\ •• may w**ll regard
oi*r nNtl*nal fin m* ■ with the gravest tt|s
prehenstoft Th* os! . f the war will not
fall short of tlOO.UhhUfti "
Hr Henry Campbell liatinerman *lw* lls
til'Oti “the failure of the government's
diplomacy and pr*parations for war and
tj|H>n the miscalculation of Ho- r strength."
lie contend* that the straggle might
have been avoided and |o!its out that
there has beep a series of difficulties all
over ite world since the government
cane* Into offW
Healing with bom*' reforms. Sir Henry
•'Above all stands the necessity of read
justing the istwers of the two chamber*.
In order to prevent the |eo|*|*'s ascer
tained will from lietng set at naught by
TWO KIIJ/F.n IN % l|t ARRF.I,.
Tlir tloin* ale** .tnlin C*sl*nor anil
Warsaw. Ky.. Sept. 2! —An old dispute
hclwe-n John Conner and hi* nephew.
Martin Ilevoraux. and John Sison anil his
son ulmln.ited to-day when John Sison
drew a plst-d and began firing at Devr
raux, who was advancing toward him
Connor grabbed hi* atm. snd Bison turned
hlr ptatol on him and shot hint twice,
killing him Instantly.
i>. i-rattx grabbed the e'der Sison'* pis
tol and In the scuffle Sl*, n let the weapon
drop but succeed* and In throwing Deveraux.
and while holding him ,0 the ground call
ed h|s son to shoot Deveraux. The lsy.
who I* slxte n y srs old. came up with a
..un and shot Deveraux. killing him In
t'on,tor's w ife was pre.-nt and sent her
eon to town for ofth ers. bul they were
unable lo find Sison and Ids son
John Shop. *3. a lenan! on fonnor's
(I H IV* I.KIIIMX- POI.ITIC.
lllsallownnee of lI.tHU, I otee t'ansed
Protest to lien. W o*d.
Havana. Sej.t 21.-The board of otn
va**ers for the province of Havana, whoa**
ftislonlsl majority, i-onslsting of iK-mo
crata and Republicans, number* six a*
against three Nationalists, has disallow
ed q.onti votes whli h changes Ihe rcstt.t of
the recent election of delegate- to the *-on
slllutlotial convention by substituting
S*,tores Plerra and Kst'-ban for Scnore.-.
Tamayo ami Aayas.
The minority ha- protested f*> tlov lien
Wood, declaring that the dtasallowame t-
Illegal. The minority nsserts that the
name of one candidate appearing on the
rejected ballots was In the same hand
writing. thus showing fraud.
1 HKI H l-'IIUM Ml MATTER WT,
Sent III* Byntpnth) and gtta, to tlal
* ••sion sullerera.
Washington. Sept 21.—The Chinese min
ister. Mr. Wu. upon heating of Ihe Ual
veslon disaster, telegraphed to tlov. Say
ers an expression of deep *yni|>a,h\ *rxl
accompanied that with his check for ll't)
To-*la> hr receive*! .1 trh-xtani from tlov.
Sayers returning his most hearty thanks
for the expression of sympathy and the
practical character of the accompanying
nob Th*- chtiirs* consul general at New
York also headed a hlg Chinese subscrip
tion for the Ualveston sufferers.
■ I>, tins Plenty of Money.
New York. B<-|U Sl.—Speaking of th* re
port Ihnt Chyles H. Hoy,, playwright,
had been dec'll r*d lobe pnnlless Mr Me-
K< . for many year* Hoyt’s partner, sold
to-day that a party of Mr. Hoyt's friend*
had recently visited Ihe safe di|lt
vaults of a prominent !>ank of this city
and found In Hoyt's box securities valued
111 feme*' A large deposit to Hoyt's credit
Is In Ihe same bunk
Price of steel If nil*.
N-w York, s-p, 21. Representative* of
manufacturer* of steel rails, who hav*
been In conference here latviy fur the pur
pose of exchanging view* < oncernlng tlw
price at which st*el rails should b* *o|*l
on the basis of th*- present coat, have <le
,tiled on per lon at Chicago and Kast
Horunn no I litna.
\V*hln*lon, H. j.l 21 Hcn.vtor Mortun
nf Alabama 10-d> talk'd quite fr.el} on
tin rWn™ situation Hi . xprrssed the
opinion that tin- ttovcrnmcn, .vcntually
wmiM be b|p to withdraw and avoid the
<lnnpr o( twcomlmt Involved In com*
■non war of ihc Power* against Chino.
TrtM Thvrnlfnnl U Ilk Kluoila,
Ucnlaon. Tex.. Hep, 21.—Thin section
hoc been visited by twenty-four hour*
■ •In. The down pour w* the h>avle*t of
ftp year The rain win gtneral through*
.u f the Indian Tetrltoty. A hH rise t re*
lintltd coming down livd rivtr thiwucb
cut til* Panhandle.
KI Mi IM) Ml NOV* NINES.
•ipeeulntli as •** Ther* l)icfrj
From the London Mail.
This Is a story quite on the modern lit -
< ruy lines, for it ends with a not** of In
ter i oga’tof)
It begins with the scene of Dr. Carl
, IVters, the Herman explorer, rummaging
about an old Herman castle a few \esrs
lu this ancient Teutonic, schloss Dr.
Peters came upon a vnusty volume, to
k tj**r with a quaint o.'d map. publlshe*!
; '• France In 171'* or thereabout.
This work an ! map. according to one of
Ir. Carl l*et* rs’ a relate-. *l* alt with the
dr lugs of th*- Portuguese J9f> year.- earll
! • r. In th* country bordering on the Zam
b* el. and .ire to form the key to the
whereabouts of gold mines in the heart of
iAf*i u Th- i oiirn* of h*- Zimbosi was
i shown on the map r >ughly, but a* tirate
. I>. and <n the south bank if the river
M|qe ami Mount Pura Now. concerning
MHitir Fur i a thirst for sd* nce and a
1 thirst for goll had already bred In the
good doctor c*rt.iln sued l*>n*
B*> he set to work. It I- recorle*l. In sys
temutl * fahlon to g*t a I the works he
ould And on the subject He Is credited
with possessing s wonderful memory, and
of being capable of re.- Meeting ininur
det.ills for years afterward Home of tho
, old wri lugs thus hunted up w* nt back to
jth seventeenth century, and for two
j years was th** trail f>l.ow*d up. -ays
! h a*lmlr!ng * hronUder, through the dim
and dust-strewn realms of centuries-old
j book land
Th* r ent works were studied, tco. and
nt the ,>nd of two years In July. !!#*. the
| Herman traveler |romoted in iaondon a
conrvmy—the Dr. <*arl Peters' Estates
rn*l Exploration t’ornpiny. Limited-for
! th* i uf|>o* of purchasing properties and
‘ rights trlfch ha*l been acqu red by him In
-outheastern ami central Africa, and for
the conduct by Dr. Pi ters of a well-equljs-
I* r .inl carefully selected exiieditlon to
the dlsttlet where he hoped to discover
Mount Pura. and to test his surmises
about that mytriioua locality.
The vci:dors to k 75.000 £1 shares In part
I pavmwni. *m*l the expenses of this exi>e
! ditlon and sufficient working capital
would be provided said the prospectus,
by the Issue of 28,600 shares.
Well, th* expedition, with Dr. Peter at
Its h* ad. and the clues afforded by the old
writings and the old map In cotiM irn use.
duly dl*cov*r<d the mountain of Fura. by
th* middle of I**!#9 and Dr Peters w*as
<*on\ In- ed ids cherished hopes were well
founded. Those hopes wer. nothing more
nor less than that Kura was Ophir. the
f!:bi!<al land of gold, the source of Solo
mon's fahtiiou*" riches.
Fura, tin good doctor contended, was
th** native corruption of the word A fur.
hy which name the Arabs of the atxteenth
century knew the district. Afur was the
Hibaean, or Mouth Arabian, form of the
Hebrew name ophir. As Dr. Peters after
ward assured a representative of Heuter'a
agency, for the Information of the worhi
at larg*-. he had ample proof that the
Kura which hb expedition hal *lls*’over
d and explore*! in the summer of Iff*§ war
the Ophir of the Old Testament-4he Ophir
who*e incalculable wealth Is referred to
in the first Book of Kings, In ioth Books
of Chronicles, In Job, in the psalm** and In
A chief the doctor said, gave him val
uable Information regarding the position
of ancient ruins and workings, which he
at once investigated. Ho:ng to the spot
indicated he found ancient ruins of un
doubted Semitic type. Fura itself he
found to posseas a formation of quartittlc
► late and dlorite. between which gold
reefs were running The ancient work
ing- which he found were not only sur
face workings, hut here were also, he
declared, shafts and roads hewn into the
How the shareholders must have palpi
tated when they reid. In a report Dr. Pe
ters presented to the d'rectors. that when
the Portuguese arrived in East Africa
about the year I*vw the Arabs called the
district Afur. and told the Portuguese It
was the Ophir of the Old Testament. For
a glance at I. Oironlcie*. Chapter xxlx.
verse 4. would show them that David gave
to overlay the walls of Hie temple 5.666
talents of the goM of Ophir. and upon the
authority of F. W. Madden. M. Tl A 8
uitbor of "History of Jewish Coinage,”
etc.. the> would know that a talent of
gold was worth f€.O(A
Here. then, was UR.flhO.fiOn worth of gold
from Ophir. and *he inexhaustible nature
of th rt supplv would be apparent when
♦ hev pursued their Biblical researches to
find In I. Kings, chapter lx. verse 2*. that
there was brought from Ophir to Solomon
lift talents of sold equal to a modern value
of |2.59.n0. and that, again, in 11. Chron
icles. chapter vlll.. verse 18. mention Is
made of another dip by Solomon Into the
Ophir mine* to the exiens of 450 talents of
gold, or 15.700.n0n.
But by now cold shiver* of doubt may
have succeeded to the first warm thrills;
for a year bos passed since the wonder
ful discovery w is made, and two years
since the company was formed, and no
millions of pound*, nor hundreds, nor lens,
nor even units, have vet com* the way of
the expectant shareholders.
But instead romc unexpected whispers
that what purported to be King Hok*
men’s mines are not works of thousands !
of years old. but Just a mere ordinary
collection of sand and rock hills
Is l veritably the Land of Ophir, and if ,
so hove David nd Solomon left much
eo'd for the shareholders In Dr. Peters* !
Estates and Exploration Company?
—newton'* minus! "try-out” of hand
orcac* and turret pianos took place last
iv.-ek under the au*pl<e* of the Hoard of
Police Commlsoloner*. and the owners of
thirty Instrument* took part In the re
rltal. License* for the conWntc year ire
to be Issued ibis month, hut nans will be
granted to the proprietors of hitrdv-kur
dlee. which fulled lo come up to the re
tpiiretnents of the police othcfals at Ihe
recent test. The recital took place In a
hall hired for Hie purpose whete for over
two hours, a lare audience wms treated
to a concerl of ratt-lltne music. The pro
fessional tuners were In attendance, and
iitsvn their practiced cars the police trib
unal depended for the detection ami weed
,luiv out *>f ill*, ,o.l*lll Instt imentM
—Samuel Mark*. 36 years old and ahnor- j
mally fat from boyhood, died at York. Pa., i
last week At the time of his death he
welshed to> |Kiund* Ills alrth measure
ment was 5 feet 3 Inches, two Inches more
thun his hlitht. Kor several week*, while
he was 111. Ihe doctors were unable lo lo
rate his pulse, owltif lo the layers of fat
The undertakers who embalmed him en- ,
countered nine Inches of fn! on live alxlo
men. Mark’ was noted for hi* voracious
appetite and had been known to consume !
half tack of potatoes at a men' 1
CALMED THE RAGING SEAS.
OI.D I %PT%IVh %TOHI OF FAt %P*.
FROM A PEJtlldM ITORB.
Oil kprftna Two Nilra From Mhore
Kept Waves In Stthjrrtlnn -N
--garlnua Note of tho Tempest-Toss
ed Vessel knm It—Other Phenom
ena of the Kind Known to Exist
on the PneMe t onsl.
From the Philadelphia Press
"No I’ve never seen a sea seipent. hut
I've s#en things more curious.*' said an
old sea captain.
"What was the rurloeet thing I ever
see? Wal. ihtt a hsnl to say. but thrt >
the cruise 1 made from Han Diego to
Monterey with the >a*'ht F**am—l’ll never
f. rget it, though it was years ago
*‘i was in Hm Diego .i the time, waitin’
for a Job. when a man came to m? and
ake*| If I woti'd take a yacht up to Mon
terey. deliver her there, and t tke twenty
men wrtio warned to go up. I said I wouWl
the te'-m** bin' good, and I found I rould
I charge the kihnrer* a decent price and
mk* something out of It; so off we start
ed one bright morning.
' The laborers were railroad men. goin'
up to work on the new rend.-and the sec
ond day out were all so sick tbit they
swore they would run the yacht in shore—
anything to get out of It I finally put In
i Ban Pedro an*) let those go that wanted
I to. and put out again with about six.
'I had never been up the *'oast. an*l so
left matters In the hands of rov mate,
whom 1 had shlpp and for the purpose—a
bright Norwegian We reached Ventura
the second day. and then It began to blow
and Increased, but we kept at it. passed
Anacafat, and right in the ffanta Barbara
channel caught it for All it was worth.
It blew so that we got all sill off the
schooner but enough to keep her to the
windward, and the men—the land-lubbers
--were liestde themselves with fear.
Took a lon* t hanee.
"All this seemed to set the mate crsiy
and he drove them to the ropes and made
every man stand and take It. I felt that
there was no danger, but the wind aud
denly picked up and blew inshore and the
sea rose so that I finally made up my
mind that the yacht couldn't stand It;
she ook so many seas that she nearly
"I had a twlk with the mate, who sa'd
he could put us in smooth water In a half
hour, only he w-as afraid she'd swamp If
he put her before It. 1 told him I'd take
♦he chance. Then he shouted. Rig on
the extra hawser to the chain down be
**l saw that It was done and then we
gradually got l*efore the wind.
"It was awful and I though! we'd go
down a dozen tlme but she seemed to
get over It. yet we headed directly Inshore,
the mate In the rigg ng. givlci* dlrctlons to
me h t the wheel.
''Suddenly he cried. 'Duff! bring her up"
and up she came Into the wind, and If It
hadn't been that my man was lashed to
the rlggin* we'd have all gone, as a big
green wave swept dean over three feet
"The moment she got ahead of the sew
he let go the anchor—the knows
how* deep It was—out went the chain, then
tho hawser and we began to drift astern,
ties ten back bv the sea and wind
"I began to think we'd have to cut away
when what was next to a miracle hap
pened Th** sea went down like magic.
We were a*III In a heavy sea. but the sur
face for 100 feet about us was as smooth
ns glass, and there we lay as comfortable
and dry as you please, while on each side
wc/s terrific waves.
I aimed the Troubled *ea.
"Well." sai l the old captain, pausing a
moment at the recollection, "it scared the
men half to death; they all thought there
was something uncanny about It. but fin
ally when everything had been mad**
snug, the mate came down below-, laugh
ing over what he called h*s snug harbor
out at sea
" We're all right If the anchor holds ’
he said, 'and It's pretty sure to. as it's
” 'l’ve known hl* for a long time,' h'*
continued 'You see. this Is a great ol
country and r ght here, two miles off
sttor . Is an oil spring that would he a
fortune to someone ashore It l* probably
a freshwater stream that rushes upward,
bringing oil with It which spreads out
over the surface, at times covering 400 or
5M> feet. Of coutse. the ell k*eps the sea
down—simple enmah when you know It
' And so It was." *•!•! the skipper 'l've
visited th* place several times and some
days you’d see the water rising up so
hard that the surface looked higher than
the reef and the oil would caver the water
for two or three hundred feet around,
changin' with the days ami seasons seem
ingly, sometimes bein' very small, again
lntge but always makln' a perfectly
smooth spot In which a loat could He in
a storm If she could be kept In it.
“It's ahiut two miles off shore. near
a I can judge, and on a Iln with the
Santa Barbara joint north of the city
and Han Miguel island. AM this country
Is underlaid with oil and aet'baltiitn and
they .are boring welis as far out Into the
water a* they can get
“We lay In that floating oil patch all
night; then the wind let up and we got
sail on her and went on."
Not the Only tine.
Old sailors on the Atlantic, especially
those on the south conet east off Florida
know a similar spring that Ims often sur
It |a tokl that a smack which had sailed
from Mystic, t'onn.. for Florida, had hern
beaten back by the heavy winds m long
that the uner casks gave out ami they
were In had shape. But one day the
skipper ran inshore about a mile or two
from the reef. and. lowering a keg Into
4 small boat, rowed to a spot in the open
ocean which he had found by cer.aln
point* on shore, and told the men to fill
the keg They thought the old man was
daft, but when they saw him drink some
of the water, dipping |t out of the ocean,
they tried It themselves and found that
It was pure fresh water.
The captain exp.tned that It was a
spring which came up so violently that I;
forced tne Milt water away, leaving a vol
ume of fresh water which could be- used
by thcav* who wished It and knew where
"I was once saved hy sea weed." said
the old se# captatov “down tn the Falk
land islands We were being washed on
a lee shore when the skipper, an old fel
low from Nova Booth*, picked up a vine
that was fhwtlng on the water am! hauled
It in until It go: pretty near as big as •
man'# body; then he made it fast, and
we swung hy |t. as good arable as you
would want to see. and one of the curious
—A statue of Rosa Honheur has been
unveiled at Fontainebleau, near which
town she spent the latter part of her life.
The Fatnoun Aid to Safe and
rvf by mntbrrs tbturvM W**r fnr nrnrly %n ymr,
PR. WKDMAN having opn*l a branch nfttc* in
America,rnr>tlr*tL]r r*t|ur* lba* jimtlv
Mrbfainl Thry araiwt up In ytllow mp
per* Tb* tradr mark, a gum lancet,
Is on every packet and nn every powder, without
which none la ttenuln* A packet containing nine
|owtiers, is rents At your druulst *. ar mailed
raetpaid on receipt of pries. Sana for tons in -
Iff. kstmen't ,Vwrarv Actor. ' Address
West dshasas at.. Vrrassuss Phils., fs
•old by LIFTMAN Pun*. Savannah. Ca
T&LjRf “The American
Porter/’ is without
an ec l ua l as a re "
and superior to the best English
brands of Porter, Stout or ’alf and
’alf, being more mellow and pleas
ing. The one perfect American
Porter. Prepared by
Anheuser Busch BrewingAss’n
St. Louis. U. S. A.
Brewers of the Original Budweiser, Faust, Michelob, Anheuser-StsndsrO,
Cate-Lager, Lxpor' Pale, Blsck & Tsn. Exquisite end Mslt-Nuttino.
■ I HUB.
“I suffered _
a long time, and found
nothing to relieve
1 took GRAYBEARD.
I tried most everything I
heard of; that is in the
line of blood medicines.
All of them failed.
me sound and well.
1 can't praise
1 will recommend it to
C. C. CLARK,
No. 420 Park avenue.
Get Gray beard at any drug; store, $1 a
bottle, or write to Respess Drug Cos., Props.
VI/E do a great deal of this class
of work for Proprietary Medi
cine Concerns, Furniture Houses,
Cigar Manufacturers, Clothiers.Sea*
side Resorts, Mountain Sanitariums.
All you have to do, if you are inter
ested, is to drop us a line. We
cheerfully make estimates
111! News A Hill
J. H. ESTILL, President,
To Save Expense of Moving,
we have decided to sell entire
stock of Furniture'. Carpets, /Wat
ting, Shades, etc., at slight ad
vance above cost during Sep
tember. V/V/ill be in store, 11 2
Broughton, west, early in Octo
ber with a full and complete line.
We can fill any order RljgHt Now.
Call and see us at old Post
LINDSAY & MORGAN
IF YOU WANT GOOD MATERIAL AND WORK ORDER YOUR LITHO
GRAPHED AND PRINTED STATIONERY AND BLANK BOOK 9
FROM THE MORNING NEWS SAVANNAH. GA.