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HOW HE CHARMED FOXES.
M\riH* TIO F THE ADIIIO*.
w mlrrfol *•• * *•••
i.ulrr—All Hr Had to IK* Mhi ti*
| |nt|M* uSd Hl* Prry EnlloHril
, ll.allr lint H<r lllark ar. j
* ~al* **“*" • *Kr I'olni of a Uaa.
e N'W Tor* Commercial Advrr
;r Smith had Just dropped Into the
,'i* ra day on <‘rne mountain,where
| Mco himtlr.it (oict, Thl* dor* not
n that Klraer had been ratine to
that U not the way an Aiirou
. k native hunts the fox. Klmer a meth
,.*s to turn loose his two lit* hounds
i It* them chase reynard through the
and woods while he waited about
>„ i.ailon throush which the hunted
„,| would tw likely to circle. The fox
, not run an indefinite distance In a
,lght l*ne when pursued, as doe* the
but circles and may cover the same
ind several limes.
Klmer. dodslnx tv re and *ere where
, tno i*lit the hunted animal likely to
. c ounted on an opportunity to brtn*
it the fox with a bullet from hi* 31
, |,re Winchester.
i this partinular night Klmer wa*
. .ted He had not kilted a thins, and Is
nut he had started a black fox and
. i twice caucht sight of It. Now. a
, k fox is worth something like Chi,
}; o to an Adirondack native I* a
ly sum. It l more than he makes
i hay Held in summer and In the
is In winter, hoth tosethor Elmer
, ved he could kill this fox. and he al
ly felt the thrill of > milllonalreshlp.
i-nlifht there was a stranger at the
tie was a little old man. strong snd
but gray and plainly not far from
.•ars old Klmer knew that tht* m.in
.rnni* from the West with hi* wife
>t had settled In an abandoned cottage
. one of Ttm Murphy's stony little
.rnis Ha"ver. he did not know his bos.
v- Now he ws* to find out.
why don't you trap your fox." asked
i had any luck trnpptn foxes." re
al Klmer. "I've been irappln' mink and
* ,-kr.it* and coon ever since I was Mg
njh to bend the spring of a Heel trap,
i I'm cussed If I could ever catch a
I can ketch 'em every time." wetil on
.tranger. 'T've trapped fox over the
nltrsl Ptaies and I'm trappln' 'em tight
i■ Why. I bet I've caught more foxes
irape than any man In New York state.
I irva live this morning and that ain't
anythtng to wrhat I expect to do later on
When I get started In earnest. But then
.lon't Itap Jusl like ml fellers do. 1
. in make a fox follow me in the wood*
vni don't Ixdleve it. Jus keep your eyes
open snd see If you don't see a fox track
. .ery now and then following right along
Klmer did not like this boast on the
part of the old stranger In the. flrst place
did not Hke the Idea that this man
ould claim to he a superior trapper In
' * second plsce. he waa pained by the
l* that the stranger might get tht# black
■x In a trap sooner than Klmer could
k 1 him by a more sportsmanlike method.
If a method may he saki to be .-port-man
like w-ben the man employing it does so
from lack of skill In using that of the
jot hunter. Klmer dtd not lake gnat
stock tn the claim of the old trapper to
ablkly In the way of.charming foxes;
yet IS and all the rest who heard the
speech were on the lookout when in the
woods for his tracks to sea If. as ha
flaimcd, a fox track might often be fal
lowing that of the trapper.
Hum enough, two days taler a woodsman
• trite into the inn and told the assembled
. owd that be had run across the old
nan’s track in the woods that day. and
that a fox tmek rail along tw-eW it. He
t dun leered to take any skeptical one to
*.a for himself. But that was not neces
i-try. for the very next night Klmer
hmtiti came In looking like the last row of
summer When ha had got the better of
hit deepondency he said tie lied come Upon
the track of the old hunker on ' 'race
Mountoln, and that a fox track ran after
It. Klmer ex pres sot the opinion that a
man who used charms had no business tn
the country n*l that there ought to be a
law to c.impel honest trapping. U was all
wrung to kill the animate simply because
one hitpprned to be the seventh son of the
seventh son o rfor some equally po
tent reason had power to make foxea do
hi* bidding. Such a man ought by nghta
to tie run out of the oountry.
Th# speech was Interrupted by th# en
trance of ehe charmer himself. In reply
fo queries 1 to his luck he replied: "Oocsl
as ever. Out si* this morning. This I* the
best oountry for foxes I've seen The an
imals are bigger ‘round here than most
any other part of the I'nltn! States. I've
it tpped tn most all of them, and 1 know
what I'm talking about. But one part
don't hold me long The supply of foxes
tuna short pretty soon after 1 get
The old man bought drinks. This twin,
stated'him in favor with everybody but
l.imer, for drinks at this season of the
year were scarce. The money ma*le In
I aying had been spent tong ago. There
was not much lumbering to do. and the
t .stives hesitated to go In debt too hsavl*
at the bar for fear there would b noth
isc left of the next summer's haying to
pay bills at tha stores. That would mean
ss of credit, which Is a thing to he
'fared In a community where men live all
winter on the strength of what they are
I I earn In the hayfleld next summer
I've been here now two weeks, and I've
ognt forty-eight foxes I've mt ( a trap
out for the black one, that lives around
Crane mountain. I bet I'll have him In the
Elmer - # spirits fell to their lowest. Hare
■s man with miraculous powers would
c*t the Mack fox that he had worked for
ied planned for and starvol for through
• a>s of long, hard tramping over the cruel
tdirondaeks. It was. not the loss of me
Mx that hurt no much, either, but the
bought thl* man Just out of the West
should defeat him on hi* own ground. He
■ on soled himself wth the thought that his
competitor >• some sort of superhuman
•—lng, but that did not aavw him from
'kiii* a far u.f.irior place to this good
natured, boastful stranger.
Two nights later Elmer appeared at
'he inn In hi* moat despondent mood.
' '* of Ms dogs had died that day on
•'ran# Mountain. He had found the track
f the black fox and had started the dog*.
r *n# of them had come shivering back a
'< w minutes later and died at his feet.
isook* a mighty lot like poison." ssld
Elmer "Shouldn't wonder If that old devil
was usin' poison."
"Nsw, he ain't; not a Mt of It," an
swered a lounger. "If he was usin' potson
ho wouldn't be si ways goln' round with
bunch of traps on hi* bark. And. any
"'ay, you've seen with your own eyes the
fox tracks followin' hts."
Elmer admitted that this latter fact
-earned to settle the question. But he
r Med: "If he can put a spell on a fox
so It will follow him. like as not he can
twit a updl on a dog *o H'H die. How
■m 1 know he ain't fixed my dog with
- me cussed eharmr. so'# I couldn't get
'hat Mack fox’"
A* If Elmer'* words hod power to bring
the enchanter to the spot, tha lattsr now
walked In and put an end to the discus -
-ton. He held up In me hand a steel trap,
end In tha other the pelt of the black
"That's the way to catch 'em." he an
nounced, In a tone that cut hi* compesltor
It set the trap two days ago. and this
morning I had him acre This I* the trap
'hat did It. H* followed my track right
up to the trap and put his paw Into W
com* thinks a fox can't be caught U It
I smells you. But 1 make 'em go to the
trail* by followin' my scent."
The chagrin of Klmer at the toe* of the
fbx was stupefying, but the evident mys
tery tn the character of the man dead
ened his wounded prkle by making him
; feel more .riain than ever that he w,*
I competing with superhuman ag.-n.tes
The wonder grew for a week. During
I that time, however. io more dog* died.
| one be.onged u> a hunter from the city.
| II died as Klmer'* hsd done, rushing eud
denly out of a swamp and dying in
epaem* The other was owned by the
foreman of a lumber ramp who was m ik
ing Ms way to the ratios*.l on annwshoes.
The -ommunlty w.is aroused over thin—
a rouse.i at least. much as an Adiron
dack community is ever aroused over any
thing. In some way public sentiment con
nected the mvrteriou* death of dog* with
the strange trapper, yet the evidence that
the latter trapped his foxes was over
whelming In the Adirondack mind. The
dttplay of steel traps, allied with the cer
tainty- that foxes did fo'loar iht* man woe
overwhelming. So, at least, thought the
community lira, after all. then was
something iin tinny about the whole busi
!• was noi long after this that a land
looker for an Albany firm came Into me
Village, and taking • o guides u n <l pro
visions for a three-da* .e eamplng-out l**t
to estimate the llml ;r on some tarsi ly
ing In the Sa- andagri region. Klmer ae
companied a one of the guide# They
were raking a short rut between Crane
and Hackleberry mountain, when Klmer**
remaining Hound ca..e howling to ihe
party and died In Juel aa the
other bad done Not live mi ute# later
a fine fox-hound belonging to the Itrd
moker, followed and egptred tn the same
agony. To Klmer this was merely an
other evidence of the supernatural char
aeter of the wiaard who wa* killing all
•he foxes, so hi* mrw*h turned to terror
But not so wltn the land-looker. When
he heard Klmer'* mysterious explanation
he ewore great round oaths and set oIT on
the hack track of hi* hound. K.mer fol
lowed. Sure enough, a few rode away
they came upon th traek of ihe old hunt
er. They knew it from the fa* t that the
old man was slightly pigeon-toed. And
running aiong hesnle It was the Ira k of
"Oh. laml!" said Elmer, "there It I*,
sure. It's hallowin' him and he's done
• hi# with some of hi* charms. last's go
hack. If he can do that to dogs he can
do it to u*. and we’ll die next."
' Shut up and . ome on." said the land
F.lmer followed, trembling, and In lees
than half a mile they oame tip with the
old trapper skinning a dead fox.
"Oh. l-ordl wha’d I tell you?" groaned
Elmer "Now, he'll kill us with some
blamed spell. Oh. laird, I wish I was out
of this! Oh. Ird"' But the land looker
knew the ways of the world
"Lgiok there," said he, "the old cuss has
poisoned that fox. There's no trap there.
He's poisoned It. lie's been poi-onlug
them rich: along. That's what killed our
dogs. That's what killed all the dog*."
The land looker grabbed Elmer * rifle.
"I ll blow his brains -out," he yelled,
and raised the gun as if to carry out the
threat. But the old nun lost his brag
gart's attitude, fell on hla face and grov
eled In me snow.
"Don't kill me don't kill me." he beg
ged. ‘Don't kill me. and I'll pay for the
logs. Ml pay for every one of 'em." Tne
land-looter lowered his gun to his hip.
hut kept the muxsle pointing toward the
old man while they parleyed. The pois
oner agioed to give up half his fox skins,
including mat of Ihe black fellow tn pay
ment for Ihe itoys and to leave the coun
try at once. Klmer waa sent hack with
him to the x-illage to see that the agree
ment was earned out. The old man left
that afternoon with forty fox ckina and
caught a train for the West.
When Klmer had finished telling the
tale at the inn that night, he added
"And them trap* he carried was noth
ing oet a bluff, Instead of the fox foi-
I Ira his tracks he was followin' ihe
fox's, to see where U died. And wc dldn t
have sense enough to think of that.”
• uiMeHU m; WBT.
tn Estimate of the Hner Leader by
a Wan Who Was Ml* Captive.
The Pall Mall Oaxette
Of personal acquaintance with the no
torious Free state guerrilla fighter In.
not boast, early In June 1 found
myself his prisoner, ami aa such re
manic.! lor several weary weeks. I only
saw him once, and that at night, or rath
er tn the darkness of the small hours of
a winter morning It was oti the occasion
of his attack on a construction train near
Eeeuwsprult. where he cleverly man.
aged to take all his prisoners, numbering
some two hundred and the whole of hts
convoy, across the line and Into the faat
neaa of the east of hi* country almost
Within sight of our advancing trujps. It
was only a glimpse of him that I obtain
ed. but that gllmpae served to Imprint
upon my mind the picture of a |werful
and dominating personality. The Boers
had been firing hotly upon the tram, and
the prisoners had been hurriedly convey
ed behind a tastge kopje In order (o bo out
of the way. There was a g'wd deal of
confusion among our guards, who hurried
backward and forward, shouted orders to
one another ‘and generally aeaaw* In
doubt what to do next. Then came along
a figure on horseback— through the dark
ness one could discern that It was a mag
nificent upstanding horn*, very different
from the useful but rough looking pony
bestridden bv the ordinary burgher-git
toning along tha line. Issuing commands
lui he w-rrt. and getting Immediately
Obeyed The confused ton" of wagons,
prisoner* and guard* sorl-d tnemselves
out Into eotnc sort of order, the word was
(lv rn to march, ami tha' quickly, and
ihe curiously assorted o*imn got under
wav before the voice of the mas
ter "You must go quickly." I beard him
hr passed by the prisoner*, who.
wearied bv • twenty mile tramp, were
lagging behind; and the electrical energy
of*.* man seemed to Infuse Itself into
us all— captives and bewildered guardians
*Tn#v#r came Into contact with De Wed
again but during the next few weeks,
and. indeed while I remained a Prison-r.
evlden.es of his striking personality and
the influence hs wletdcd were constantly
brought to my notice. A
this I’c Wet though, according to hts
ii.uig a )ui*t on#; ih> tHfrft ( hoct*w, •*
Carlyle might have said, hut -man hav-
Ing within him some glimmering of th#
divine fire, and not WttM.Ul hls ld#*l. ln
*tl that he has done—ln all the wanton
damage and petty guerrilla tactic* which
nave become associated with his name—
" do not think lie has ever been accused
A Strong Fortification.
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constipation, jaundice, bilious
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“The Fly-Wheel of Life”
Dr.Tutt; Your Liver Pills are
the fly-wheel of life. I shall ever
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I. Fairleigh, Platte Cannon, CoL
Tutt’s Liver Pills
THE MORNING NEWS. THURSDAY. DECEMBER 20. 1900.
fm • i •
</i . oWV- vVY cA- Vx\-N
for Infants and Children.
Tltt* Kintl You Hint* Always llouirbt has burin* the niffim*
flirt* of ('bus. If. Fletcher, ami luih Im**h ituult* under Ills
|tersotial Hiiporvlslon for over !IO years. Allow no tine
to tleeeive yon in this. Coiinferfells, ImitinioiiH anti
‘•.ln*t*a*-Kootl •* are but Kxiierinienttt. anil etuluiiKcr the
health of t’lilhlren—Ks|teriem*e against ll\|M*rinient.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Bears the Signature of
In Use For Over 30 Years.
of th* tmaol Ibf’lk* ertmef of cni#Hv '**
Tht* Mronji Hand.
Christian DwWst ha* certainly tried—
or did try In the *'rly itayA b*for* hU
UiUM* wan po obviously an<) hoprlmtly f* ll •
lorn—to rhi-srk ?hoa* urmwi among h* *
fn*n which have b**t> too often tacitly
permitted. if ihv openly t , n<'ourg*.|. by
oihrr guerrilla Itadfiv in cihrr time*
Theft from prisoner* ho has fixlfavorwl
In | Hit down with (h* mill' l i severity .
Thun, after the Derbyshire MUltla haul oa
pltulatel to him t Rheneeter river on
June 7. it 'ame to hla r-ara tho! an oftl* • r
had oompialnM that, in spite of the (Jen*
era I* a mandat* in.t private property
to bo respected *t pair of valuable flrM
glasses had been token from him To th*
officer In qu#p tod come* P#W*t. who
rays that in the r<mfu*>ton aucadlnc *!••*
capture of ao many men it in almost im
possible to k* • p all hia troopa und**t
control, but *if you can point out the
man l will make’",#* #xnni|kr uf him
I will blow out hi* -with my own
haral " And he h *d lu * 1 'lf l I*, too -
dared to do ii w' a c* iU nty that
none of hie imn i ave J^urmuregl.
That i* mor* than would t*e tee with
any of th* other Boer aeneralr. whore hold
over their at*bordlnata hir ever been of
the moat fragile i*haracter. But it ha**
truly been aald tnat DrWrt has hia men
under n anrt of charm -they <V hla bid
d!na: whether they will or no. He la a*--
vere ujon ihen>— if any ahow niKur of laa-
Kina or falterina in the face of a heavy
Are. rjumhok in bond he roundn them
off or flic* them hark to their plncea
like ro many Kafttrr. w r hie for their phy
sical neeki he ahowr little concern. When
food waa growing abort and our troopa
were pressing: him har<f. aome of hla men
complained of the poor near of their ra
tion** In reply they got the stoical one.
“A burgher wno live on meat and
mealies a roman for m*- “ Yet he **
not feared by hie men—they r*late these
thing* of him with pride md wffectlon
in tneir voire, ee if to Miy. * Hee wh.it
fine fellow our (general le’’* They re*|e< t
a*lmire the strong hand, even though
It crtiMhes them DtWet knows what sort
of material he bad to do with.
l enient snd t’andlil
The lot of a prisoner can never be n
Iwppy or even an ey caw*, but Id nog
think DeWet has ever done anything un
neceeaarlly to embitter the path of tho*e
who have fallen into hip hands. It hue
been anal that he has not fed them prop
erly; all I can say t* shot wc had prac
tically all ha had to give. On the other
hand. Instance* of hts ronidderafton are
not hard to find When we were his rap
tlvea It was the on stony for farmers In
the neighborhood of the various laagers
to drive tn. bringing produce for sale. No
doubt these good jieople thought that here
waa a prune opportunity of upoiiing the
Egyptian* for their price* were at first
exorbitantly high. Evidently this came
to Pe Wet's ears, for he issued n man
date to the ff-ct that the prices of the
commodities were to be : One shilling a
doxen for eggs, l shilling a found for but
ter and 1 shilling for a lonf. Thrae price*
were to le adhered 10. aml In the event
of attempta being made to charge more
the veldt cornet had order* to turn the
delinquents out of the laager and not per
m.t them to come in again.
Unlike most of the Boer generals. De-
Wet ha* bvdleved in treating hia people
with a certain amount of igrslghtforward
candor H<- ha* openly raid thal he le
well aware what of
the war. but has slmpJyjjJUjJimcd hi* in
tention of giving ritsr fnnnid, as much
trouble as possible. At
rhortly before ihe entry of iirr srri Blart s
brigade, he addressed a meeting, and saM
that he could not stop the English from
.-omlng in. but he and hi# men would get
out on to tbe veldt again, and amid the
kopje* play their old game, harassing the
invader, and waiting for an optmrtunitv
when small party can be attacked with
the pd>*pee< of success. Here again the
rnugV better qualities came out They
weft warring, he said, agalntl the Brit
ish soldiers, and not against the defense
less British Inhabitants of the country.
Among them he had many of his best
friend*, anti hs asked those around him
not to molest the Brtaiah.
people who had remained 1n rotchef*.
troom a* neutrals not to molest ttiem nor
to injure or destroy their goods The ap
peal did llttl* good, however The riff
raff of Ihe country, the men of no na
tionality who recognise no lenders, were
not going to let such an opportunity pee*
them by. Ds Wei is credited with hav-
Ing occasionally ma.le some rather caus
tic remark* at our expense. Thus, anent
the corps to Which I ha vs Ihe honor to
belong. "I don't trouble about the Yeo
manry I can always natch them when I
want to!” Thl*. of course, was a mere
piece of braggadocio (Ibe Yoemanry must
have given him a rather lively time In
June and July), but there was Just that
grain of truth In It whtch caused the hu
mor to he rather unpalatable to those
whom It concerned.
It la quit* a mistake to suppose that t>
Wet In hts rapid fight* and doublings has
taken all hi* fore* with him On the con
trary. h has never had the same set of
men with him long, barring perhaps.
handful of atalwaria who have fought,
hard from the early day* of th* war. He
has found th* pursuers hot on his trail;
he haa broken up ht# fore* and fled; wf*
away, he ha* picked up * few men here,
a few men there, and so got together a
ennf Iderahl# party once more .and thus the
power of the man's magnetic personality
and th# glamor which hts exploit* have
shed over hi* name ha* enabled him to
do again and yet again. But ht* force la
dwindling, and all hi* toll can avail him
Hltlu In th# end. A bold and cunning guer
rilla leader be ha* shown hlmaelf lo he;
but what ha* ha accomplished? He ha#
got away time out of number very clev
erly. has shown hlmaelf an adept at get
ting out of a tight place. And that Is
really all. He haa never shown himself to
tea general; more, he has never attempt
ed anything In which great generalship
could come Into play- HU line of conduct
tn theae latter day* In encouraging hts
men to a rwstatance which he knows is
fqtlle I* criminal; he show# hlmaelf here
in ffi true coiora-es a guerrilla leader,
pure and elrapl®, albeit a* a man he I#
ism without hi* redeeming qualities. And
a* such be will probably he given. In days
to come, a passing notice by the historian.
If. Indeed, hi* name. Kke that of many
a guerrilla chief who hud hi# Httla day.
be not altogether rwallowed u In the
niir.k of ob.lv too.
H HrJ \lt It %11% >1 M V Ell.
Letter* Written In ll*Hlon a"iN 11.
(.-Thr llihle Truer Ilian It* trif
From ihe tendon Standard
\ wider circle of n-adeis than the r.-gu
lar *tudeits of Orle ol archaeology will
flrwl Interesting matter In *TIe |#rt!er*
and JnstTlptions of Hammurabi. King of
Babylon, aiiout 11. C. Zf*' ” These do u
metH*. of which we give some a . ount be
l*>w, have ieen edt*>*l by Mr.
King, t hief Awi*tapt in the Assyrian l>e
of the British Museum, and Juat
published by Messrs l,uga It 00., as part
of the Hemitic Text and Translation Me
The famous imno< Usth* school of criti
cism. of which Niebuhr was the head and
Hir tJeorge ('ornwell l.ewi* the chief r* p
reeentatlve in this country, h•* r* elv* l
many a crushing defeat*' at the hands of
the exjdorer and *leci|herer It Is doubt
ful. however. If any ha* been more as
tonishing and unexpected than that given
by the small clay tablets now exhibit til in
the new Babylonian Room of the British
Museum. With a ateidy persistency the
skeptic* dented the early know ledge of
writing, and even when Invented they de
clared It to have hern the sole property
of an Initiated hierarchy. To t*ak of a
credible Oriental literature of any antiqui
ty wa* but o cause smile of contempt.
The mention of letter* passing between
Solomon and Hiram regar<llng the erec
tion of the Temple wa* .1 manifest proof
of the late origin of the Boole of Uhron-
Iclea. and even the existence of a roval
mail aervlce In the time on lleseklat Sac
and C'hronicle*. xxx >. wa* conskkred
very doubtful. The whole of thl** theory
has, however, been demolished by tb**a
small fragments of Insert?>ed cly which,
four thusaiid year* ago. each In a care
fully addressed envelope were dispatched
from the City of Babylon by ihe hand of
a royal |o*tman The tablet* are a scries
of letters from Ihe Kina 4 of the first, or
Arabian. Dynasty of Babylon about B
C 2200. which dealt with public affairs
and were addseseed to official* In the
cities of laars.i ami Kippara. The tablets
are about three Inches square, and rather
thick, and ar* inscribed on ioth *id**e.
After being written the lblet# was in
closed in a lay erelope, (some of these
are exhibited), on which the name of the
addressee wm < inscrlbesl. There are about
eighty of these precious documents. The
epoch of the First Dynasty of Babylon
was one of the most Important In the his
tory of that country, for it was at this
time that the small city kingdom* were
abolished, and rule centraliied In Baby
lon a state of affairs which continued
until the Oreek cunquea*
It was a period of vast activity, both In
the siate and among the people them
selves, as Is shown by the thousand* of
letter*, legal deed*, ami memoranda that
have come down to us. and waa unsur
passed by any subsequent tup. *x<eit.
perhaps, the reign of Nabuekadncsaer the
(Treat. The new* rulers tWOtralixed all
government in the capital and li the p'r-
son of the King; hence we find him writ
ing In regard to the most trivial matters,
such as the dispatch of a lo*k>T lo Baby
lon This wa* the period when moet of
the great public works of Babylonia were
undertaken, and the country was covered
with a network of navigable trunk ca
nals a tel smaller irrlg.aion work* Ham
murabi. who may ba the Amrapr! of the
Bible (Genesis, xlv..) was most active In
constructing these works and built a
great canal called "The Itlver of Ham
murabi. the Giver of Abundant* lo Men."
probably the Hhat-el-NII. The letters show
that the system of public works dl!T>-red
little from that of Egypt or India of to
day. The operation of the corvee Is Il
lustrated by the following passages:
"Thus sollh Hammurabi (King ) Behold,
I am dispatching unto thee three hun
dred and sixty laborer* (carriers) mtrn
that one hundred and eighty of the*, la
borers serve with the men of ths City of
)<an>a and one hundred and eighty with
tha men of Rahabu.” Each district had
to send Its men to work on th* public
works In the vicinity. Thu* we read:
"Thou shalt call out the m*n who hold
land on ihe banks of the Itamanum ca
nal that they may clear It out." There I*
a lnn a CtirtotMl f>*rll#l lo th# rorv#f .in
It might have been ae*n In Egypt not
manv >#ar* ago. “On seeing this letter
the basket men. who are under you who
are at work, take them and yoke them
together and send them In ship." to anew
task This public labor under the yoke
was the Babylonian hard labor, end th*
King in on* letter order* It #* punishment
for a fraudulent money lender.
Another serlew of leiler* of especial
value are those relating u> th# collection
of revenue The Bemltlc King* of this
dynasty had found a fully developed fiscal
system at hand, the Invention of their
Sumerian predecessors and the museum
possesses many fine specimen* of their
account hook* and revenue return*. But.
with the new policy of .ecurallied rule,
the taxes when collected, had to be sent
to Babylon. In regard to them w* have
many letter*. The tax collector had a
hard task. and. moreover, was not more
honest to hi* master than toward the tax
payer Thu* we read "Knubl Mardtik
ha* laid hand* on the money for the Tem
ple of the God of Juatlc* from the city of
th* workmen, and ho. not pah! th* full
sum " But the writer says. "Th* pal
ace ha* exactsd the full amount from
m,, " In another case, two ofTMal*. who
fear to preaent their accounts at the
capital say "Bluer now It Is seed llm*.
shall we .-Otne lo Babylon during aeol
time?" Itefaulting official* had short
shrift, for the King say*, regarding two
inspectors: "Thou shalt send them unto
Babylon, that they may render their ac
count*. B*' that they travel night and
day and reach Babylon In two days."
In moat case* the taxra on corn, wool,
date* etc., were iahl in kind, but In
seme case* they were commuted The
large trading guilds such a# merchants,
boatmen, etc.. paM In money through
an agent. Thu* we have "the merchant*
who are in the dlatrlct see to It that they
pack h* Oliver, which Is du* a* revenue
fiom theae merchant*, and let them take
It to you. But If those merchant* bring
no! the money which I* due from them as
revenue, to my presence send them." A
system of taxation such as lx here shown,
resembling that of all Eastern lands, ntl
uradv Imidle* the existence of the money
lender; and a large proportion relate to
those case* wbero the clients have ap
pealed to the King tor P"+-
Frm the examfdes here it would j
the King acted Justly In most case.*,
taking all rvt l n • and < amning the
dec If Ul*** 1 Sample oihly can b‘ quolexi f
Th plalnMff says to the King "I lent j
thirty mwsourv* of ixmi 10 fUn-Mtigli, the
Governor, ;nd I hold h*s receipt for the
*.nv for thr.-** vmrw I hav* lawoughl
him. and h* w ll not repay me the corn "
lu regard to ttws the King says, tn lit* 1
!e*t#r "I have n Ida tablet (reoetpO. |
nd Hh Moglr -.*II rep.iv the corn with j
hitcneat ilipMin A Judginrnt of u Just
|udg* The letters wntch lel with the t
King’s relation* with the local law courts
rslnt to 1 perferHly orc.tn.x<-d Judicial ,
syMem, rnanifet|y of gr*>a; antiquity The '
great ltiTf. alt bad court- with a liench
uf Ju.lgc- presbled ovsr by a |HfM<icM.
nr 1 a Mil* 11 Very curious is t Ins letter !
Voncertilng \ who hr*s brought an ac
tion th matter of certain land, I have '
ah* dv wrtten to the. Itehuld. I have
ippHlHei him a* scribe f the temide
bakers, to pretwire tiv offerings In Ur
When the offerings In Ur shall b>' cum
plrird. send him unto Babylon (with) th* !
parlies to (he suit, that the •;• miv j
l*e com hhb-d ** Uresl <vire Was taken f* i
prevent collusion the witness***
and an otTi.*4 il 1* ordered to -end certain 1
men as wttm*>*ies thiiN "When thou
she It send them, thou shaft not send
them together but each man halt thou
send by himself." Sm>v will n<* permit
us de! with more of thl* Interesting
correspondence but it must be born# In
mind that these fw letters represent
hundred* and thousands more that rema’n
h|dl r% In the record • ham her* of the
hurled temples and pala es of ('hal*U*a.
*F.V*l'OVt J(RK TO HKAIGf.
To Retire From ( Its4rnisnshlp ot
Chicago. IV, ID The Record will say:
Hen a tor Jam* •* K Jotes. a* orjlnr to
report- In Demo ratio circles, soon will
call a meeting of the Damoermb National
Committee in Washington for the purpoa*
of resigning as chairman Thl* Informa
tion came to Chicago straight from men
who are elope to Henator Jones They
sild that the manager of Col Bryan’s
lass campaign wan anxious to get out so
that the committee can elect Ids auo
caaaor. They aald that J. <7 Johnson,
who was chairman of the Executive Com
mitter. Is an acllva oandakite for the
chairmanship of the general rommKtfr
and that ox-Oov. Btone of Missouri would
1 ilc• to le ch.<lrman. It is *dd that a
majority of the committee are In favor of
Mayor Taggart of Indianapolis, the In
I'X.IM CK LEM IM It ELL % SEI*.
Emir Month* tn .fnll for 1 nfftnii OfT
n Mrtl*nn*a I oot.
El Paso. Tex . D* . l'J NY. T.
.1 locomotiv* engineer fiom gpringflekl.
Mo., who has been in jail In Juares. Meg.,
for four months, was released to-duy.
Hl* release wh lit the lequevt f the
Htate Department •* W ashington, and Is
ihe first r.isn tn Northern Mexl*o t ut ha*
ever been brought t the attention of the
law Is wns nn engineer on tin* Mexican
Central, running out of Chihuahua, nnd
1 year ago las. June lie ran over .1 Mex
ican and cut his foot off. He wan given
• preliminary trial nnd r.• o-• I. Ist
\llgu-t the injur tsl man tried t get
damages from the railroad, and to do this
he had to convict b win of negligence.
Lewis was again put in Jail and kept
Hu re until fo-day.
nm i jim i\ rtin.t itr.i.riu t.
linker i am|nit> *■ *lirt'lrirt I onm
niif ( iinrrrn Uiiihiikcil.
f*hlta<lel|>hlA. !>#<\ IS —Th# bl*c **• hlt#h
inrnt of th# Franklin ILk#r Company,
nianufiicturiTM of tired<Jd oroanul tin*!
on# of th# Import### of llraxlUiin
cvri-ffttnuM on th# Atlantic *#Abo*nt, lo
cat#t on I**iawar# avrnur, *#ar Fair
mount avonu#. was badly ilumaa'il hy fir#
to-ntichf. Thf* Ion?* Im raintatt-il at m*
wnrds of 9UD.OQO, fully cov#r#il by Inaur
•ncr. An #ntlr# *hliUi! of Hr.isilmn ro*
coanut*. which Imkl Ju*t arrive*), wui d
Thi nlrli nl Mnnr l ummlltad
rhlraro. |>##. 1)-W. II Dtior, a theat
rical manatr#r. him Itf# at an Ufws#r
<k#r* to-nlaht hy nhtmtjjjyr-tiim •If Durr
warn ov#r having been unable
lo obtain an aoffaffetnrnt for nearly a
4. th tin in * aiilurrd at %m#rl#aa.
Tallahaaa##. Flu.. Dec. 1.-Fhll Ora
h.im. a bejtro who murder**! Kl# wife here
wet month, haa been captured at Amir*
i- uw. <a . wnl tfheriff Pearae will to after
him. There a reward of S2OO for hl
One I ansrflsn Haul, Move Another.
Portland. Ore.. Dec. 19.—The Canadian
Bank of Commerce has purchased the
Bank of British Columbia comprising It*
ten brandies In Hrltlvh Columbia, O-egon
ami California, and one In lavndon.
Inns* Cudahy's Metnrn.
Omaha Tier. H.—Young Cudahy re
turned home secrdly at 1 a m. and Mrs.
Cudahy announced that he had been ab
ducted. but Is safe and sound Bhe re
fused lo eay shoot the ransom
XVIII Consider bole of Islands.
Madrid, Dec. 30 —Th* cabinet councllha*
decided lo present tn Ihe Onamber the
project of the rale lo the t'ntted Htates
of Cava*an Island and other Island* of Ihe
I'l illpplne group.
Tony I'm.i nr.
I saw Tony Baator walking In Twenty
eighth street the other day, much stooped,
his head hanging no low that hi* chin
rented on hts clavicle. Though only *J. he
appears at times as If four-aror* years
have left their burden of woe upon him
The oldest snd best-known manager of
variety ehow* In New York ought fo
have many good years ahead of him It
was he took U|> Helen Louise lonnard.
when she left the chorus of "Pinafore.”
In E. E lUce's company, made her a bal
lad singer, and gave her the stage name
of I.llllan Bussell. He afterward placed
her In the operatic burlesque of "The Pi
rate* of Pentane*." which he produced In
nail. She wn* hfghly successful and re
ceived many flattering ofTcrs from oth-r
managers, but remained with Pastor, who
gave her i>ernls*lon to ring elsewhere
while hl new npeian were In course of
preparation h* left Pastor In IWJ.
Broughton, the aatrologiat. aay* Ullltn
will Is- married a fourth time, hut the
husband described Is the exact opposite
of Mr. Whitney. ,
-The Situation.—"Tes; Robert* t* go
ing home because the war Is over." And
Kitchener?" "Ob' he's going lo stay be
cauee It Isn't."—Puck.
Horsford’s Acid Phosphate
A wholesome add tonic raUsvtag the
lassitude of tbe etimmer months.
Geaaaae bam aaaa HesssssD'i ea wtagsst.
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Useful Holiday Gilts
Blankets, 11-4, all-wool, $4.69
Comfortables, Ex ‘iue. $2.00
Lambrequins, silk novelties, $6.50 to $7.50
ART LINENS at 25c, 30c, 75c, SI.OO
CUSHION COVERS iriini 2') cents lo SI.OO
DOWN PILLOWS 35c, 49c, 75c. SI.OO
TABLE COVERS. Tapestry, Chenille & Velour
MEN'S NECKWEAR, 50c value at 25 cents
MEN’S NECKWEAR, special selection 30c
LADIES’ NECK RUFFS, all prices.
LADIES’ STOCK COLLARS, new line, 25c
HANDKERCHIEFS, TO cents value, at 25 cents
HANDKERCHIEFS, men's all linen initial 25c
ROECKL’S KID GLOVES SI.OO
50 Fur Capes and Collars at cost.
50 LADIES' JACKETS at cut prices.
50 LADIES' CAPES at HALF PRICE.
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has ever henellied me bat lately 1 saw yoar l.qq,man's Chill and Paver Toole
aprertlaed. and I bough! a botilr. and It baa vflscled a perfect com, and would ,
- alao add that for peraona in delicate beelth it la the beat lonic they eatwoea.**—
MJanftßH-aa Havannsh. O* . Aoguatad IMS). 1
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From Ida sail calalirilail miiulalura, kalk Ira-pml
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Wr rmrrr an laanar atork of Ftra.proof Safra. Onr alook ran -
broaaa a ar rlnaaf lino from T<W to 4.000 ponnda, Inrlnalre,
alaala nad doobla doora, and a vlalt to oar ratabllahmaat to lo
aprrt tbaaa rlraaut aafra will boa aoarar of mark profit aad la-
Tha prlaa will ka aa low aa any raally Flra-proof dale aaa bo
mada, and oar motto la Kaallty nad Safaly of tba drat Import.
•and or rail na aa far fartbar partlealara. aatalo.oa aad prlaaa.
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