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The Gem City of Georgia.
The Choicest of Summer Re
Below we give a picture of Marietta,
Ga., which is universally conceded to
be one of the most beautiful little cities
in all the South. Its advantages as a
SUMMER RESORT are too many to
be described by us. The “Marietta
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The most important achievement
in the history of railroading was the
change of gauge, which occurred about
June Ist, on nearly 13,000 miles of
railroads south of the Ohio and east
of the Mississippi rivers, including,
also, the Memphis and Little Rock
railroad west of the Mississippi river.
By this change from a track of 5
feet wide to one of 4 feet and 9 inches,
as was generally the case, (though in
some few instances 4 feet 81 inches
was adopted,) it has been made prac
ticable to interchange cars of all classes
between the southern States and all
the rest of the railroad part of America.
This practically makes one gauge for
THE CHANGE OF GAUGE NUMBER.
THE CHANGE OF GAUGE.
Folder,” issued by the passenger de
partment of the Western and Atlantic ’
Railroad Co., can be had by address-*
ing any of the officers or agents of the
road in Atlanta or Marietta.
We will only state that among its i
advantages may be named the salubri-}
ty of its atmosphere, the purity of its
water, the comfort and attractiveness
of its hotels and homes with the nu
merous oak groves surrounding them,
VIEW OF MARIETTA, CA.
SHOWING KENNESAW MOUNTAIN, TWO MILES NORTHWEST OF THE CITY
the entire railway system of the con
The benefit of this step as regards
the facility and cheapness with which
bulk shipments can be handled, and
the expediting of all classes of business,
is one which it would be hard to esti
mate, so overwhelming is it in impor
tance. The obstacle to physical unifica
tion of transportation arrangements be
tween various sections of America has
been removed. The apparent ease, and
certainly the rapidity with which the
work was done, and the wonderful
shortness of time wherein traffic was
interrupted, makes the achievment air
most marvelous. The Southern rail-
ATLANTA, CA., JUNE, 1886.
the lovely drives in nearly all direc-
■ tions, the fascinating beauty of the
* scenery fr >m the summit of the famous !
KENNESAW MOUNTAIN, two :
i miles distant, the wonderful display of
j human genius shown in the workings
i of the machinery at the marble sac
I tory, at Elizabeth, right at the foot of
KENNESAW MOUNTAIN, and the
fact that Marietta is only 20 miles dis
tant from Atlanta, with about jialf
way managers have demonstrated to
the world that they are masters of their
Without attempting any extended
notice of the change, as considered in
its bearings to the entire railroad sys
tem of the south, we will give a short
description of the main features con
nected with the undertaking on the
Western and Atlantic Railroad.
We will first refer to the
CHANGE OF TRACK GAUGE;
And here we cannot give a better idea
of how the work was done than to
quote the words of the widely known
and experienced Road Master, Mr. M.
H. Dooly. Mr. Dooly has been in the
a dozen passenger trains each way per
day, and the low commutation and ex
! cursion tickets which passengers can
' secure between these two cities.
The afternoon concerts in the city
park, twice per week, by the Marietta
brass band, attract large crowds.
Excursions into the very midst of
the mountains, over the Marietta &
North Georgia Railroad, are also the
occasions of great enjoyment.
almost continuous service of the West
ern and Atlantic Railroad since 1852,
and for twenty-eight years past has oc
cupied his present position, and it is a
saying that “ no man in Georgia knows
more about how to put wood and iron
together than Martin Dooly.”
Mr. Dooly says: “About the first
day of May we began driving spikes
into the cross-ties along the entire line
from Atlanta to Chattanooga. These
were on the inside and three inches
from the rails we intended drawing in.
At every curve we arranged to draw
in the inside rail, and where the track
was straight prepared to draw in the
rails which were the continuation of