The Times & sentinel tri-weekly. (Columbus, Ga.) 1855-1858, November 16, 1855, Image 2
&imts tmsr %mimd. COLUMBUS, GEORGIA. FRIDAY MORNING, NOV. 16. 1855. State Ai<l to Railroads. There is a very general disposition in the legislature to ask and give State aid to Railroads. We will not dispute the power or policy of giving State aid to woiks of Internal Improvements, but it is a power which ought to be given with very great caution. In discrimina'o aid would impoverish the Treasury by stimulating unnecessary and unproductive works. To avoid this result, it is safer to refuse aid to all works which do not come within the operation if well defined principles. What these are, it is important to ascer tain. (Ve hold it to be self-evident —First : That where the work proposed to be constructed is within the capacity of the people to build, no State aid should be given. Secondly ; When the work proposed will only add to the convenience of the people living along its line it ought not to receive State aid. Thirdly; When the proposed works will interfere with and injure th 9 prosperity of other works already in existence, no State aid ought to be granted. The great principle upon which the State ought to render assistance to works of Internal Improvements is that they will develope the re sources of a section of the State ; that they are bey ond t>, e ability of the resident population and that witli- OVittl h aid there is no reasonable probability that there ever will be sufficient population in the section to couairuct such works. These were controlling reasons for the construction of the Western & Atlantic Rail road by the State. There was beyond the mountains, a large, rich and beautiful country, eapable of sup porting a teeming population and of supply ing the whole State with provisions, which was almost entirely disconnected with Southern and Middle Geor gia for the want of facilities for transportation. The population was on this account sparse, ’ands almost val ueless aud the work not only beyond the capacity of the resident population,but any population that might in the then condition of the country settle in it. The action of the Legislature in this instance, was wise, patriotic and Statesmanlike, and reflects the highest credit upon the legislators who induced it. We hope to see similar no tion at all times when a like case is made out. With out prejudging the claims of other portions of the State, we think southern Georgia, has as strong claims upon the aid of the State as Cherokee had in 1836. Near ly one half of the State of Georgia lies below the pres ent lines of Railroad in the State. The principal pro ductions of that part of the State are cotton, rice and turpentine. The cost of transportation of these bulky articles is so great as to deter settlement of these rich lands. Greater part of them are tributary to Florida. They are capable of‘supporting a dense population.— With the present disadvantages to settlement, years and years must elapse before the immense tracts of va cant lands lying in that portiou of the State are brought into cultivation. By reference to the proceedings of Monday 12th,you will see that Knight of Lowndes has introduced a bill to give State aid to the Brunswick and Florida Railroad. We presume the Chatham del egatioo will introduce a Bill to give aid to the Savannah and Gulf Railroad. The conflicting interests of these rival roads may defeat all action. The best interests of Southern Georgia demand that a compromise be effect ed betwen the friends of these two Roads. So far as we can learn there is a disposition to give State aid to a trunk road in the Southern portion of the State, and if the rival interests of Savannah and Brunswick are har monized, we believe this great enterprise will be car ried to a successful completion by this Legislature. Correction. Resolutions of the Democratic and Anti-Know Nothing Party adopted at the meeting of that Party in Milledgeville, on Thursday the Blli 111 st. The Southern Recorder of the 13th inst., speaking of the above Resolutions and the Platform adopted by the“Uniou Republicans” at their State Convention in 1853, uses the following language—“ This Resolution [Union Republican of 1853] was drawn up by Messrs. Toombs and Stephens, and we learn those adopted at the meeting on Thursday night [Dem. and Anti-Know Nothing) upon the same subject, have the same pater nity.” A8 an aot of justice to our fellow citizen, the Hon. Alfred Iverson, we state that the Recorder is in error as to the “paternity’’ of the Resolutions adopted at the Democratic and Anti Know Nothing meeting at Mill edgeville, on the oeoasion alluded to. A portion of the Resolutions were taken from the series of Resolutions adopted by the Democratic Convention of the sth of dune Inst, as will be seen by comparing them. The other Resolutions adopted at Milledgeville on the 8;h inst., were drawn up by Judge Iverson, before he left Columbus for Milledgeville. They were, it is true, sub mitted to Messrs. Toombs and Stephens, and other members of the Party.before they were presented tothe Committee and the meeting. With slight amendments, they were approved, presented to the Committee of 21, by Judge Iverson, their chairman, agreed to by the Committee, reported to the meeting and adopted. If any credit therefore, is due to the “paternity” of the Resolutions, as we think there is, it belongs to Judge Iverson. It is also but an act of justice to say that the most important portions of the platform adopted by the Democratic Convention of the sth of June last, and were re-adopted at Milledgeville, were copied from the series of Resolutions, drawn up and reported by Judge Iverson, at the meeting of the Muscogee De mocracy on the 23d of May last. Secretaries in Executive Department. 55 e are pleased to understand that the following gen tleman have been re appointed by Gov. Johnson, his Secretaries in the Executive Department: Capt. 5Vm. Steele, of Baldwin, Lucilius fl. Briscoe, Esq., of Walton, and Boswell B. DeGralTtnried, Esq., of Muscogee. The Blind Boy. In company with many others, we listened with sur prise, the other uigot, to the performances of the little negro boy, whose extraordinary capacity for music has b >en noticed by the Columbus press His knowledge of music seems intuitive, lie sings and plays with ease and Skill the most difficult pieces, mid his actions indicate the deepest emotion during his own performances, and in listening to those of others. — Milledgeville Recorder Death from Suffocation. - A white woman by the name of Finnigan , living in the upper part of the city became slightly intoxicated on Monday night, and retired to bed, by herself, there i eing no other petson in the house. She looked the doors, as mud, and the neighbors not seeing her house open the next day, suspicioned that all was not right, and broke ope n the door on Tuesday even ing. The woman was found dead, with her head resting on the fi >or and her feet on the bed. The supposition is. t.i it site attempted to rise and fell in the position she oc cupied, the tall stunning her so that, unable to rise, she was gradually euaUated.—Co/. Enquirer, 15 th. Milledgeville, Nov. 12, 1855. The two Houses re-assembled at 10 o’clock. After the transaction of some unimportant business, the Senate re paired to the Hall of Representatives and proceeded to the election of State House officers The Democratic paity had veiy wisely met in Convention and nominated their candidates, and we are happy to announce that they car ried their nominees through in every instance upon the first ballot. The following is the result: For Comptroller General, Peterson Thweatt, of Musco gee, received 132 votes; E. S. Candler, of Baldwin, 93 votes; M. D. McComb, of Baldwin, 10 votes; Blank, 5 votes. Mr. Thweatt having received a majority of the whole vote cast, was declared duly elected. For Surveyor General, James A. Greene, of Floyd, re ceived 112 votes; P. M. Compton, of Baldwin, 95 votes ;I Blank, 1 vote. Last Legislature Mr. Greene was defeated by Mr. Compton, though he received the nomination ot the Democratic party. Justice has now been done him. For Treasurer, John B. Trippe, the efficient and faithful incumbent, was elected without opposition. For Secretary ol State, a like compliment was paid to E.P. Watkins. In both cases the compliment was richly merited. The elections over, the Senate repaired to their chamber and the two Houses spent the morning principally in read ing bills for time. SENATE. The case of Jacob Mercer, of the county of Stewart, was made the special order lor Tuesday, the 13th inst. The case ol John T. Boyd, of Muscogee county, was made the special order for Thursday, the 15th inst. They are both under sentence of death and aro applying to the Legislature lor pardon. McMillan, ofHabersham, introduced a bill to make sen tence for life to penitentiary imprisonment, work divorce of the marriage relation. Knight, of Lowndes, introduced a bill to give State aid to the Brunswick and Florida Railroad. The provisions of the bill are in brief that the company shall first complete twenty miles of Road and thereafter receive bonds of the State for sß©o dollars a mile for every ten miles thereafter completed. We give our views upon this subject in another column. Wales, of Muscogee, introduced a bill to incorporate the Hydrant Water Company of Columbus, and also a bill to repeal the act of last Session, in relation to weighing cotton. Many other local bills were introduced. A resolution to bring on the election of a Judge of tl e Supreme Court on Wednesday, the 14th inst., offered by Mclntosh, of Elbert, was lost. So also was a resolution offered by Guerry, of Randolph, to bring on the election of a Director of the State Bank on the same day. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Among the more important bills introduced, are the fol lowing : Terhune, of Floyd : A fblll to incorporate a Bank in Rome, Ga., to be called the Empire Slate, with a capital of one hundred thousand dollars. Harris, of Fulton: A bill to endow Atlanta Medical College. Lewis, of Greene: A bill to restrain the pardoning power. Phillips, of Habersham: A bill to authorize the Treas urer to make advances to the members of the Legislature. A message was received from the Governor,, asking for the appropriation of S9OOO in payment of fi fas in favor of B. G. Gibs*n vs. Central Bank. 1 hornton, of Muscogee : A bill authorizing the Gover nor to issue his warrant for the same. The bill for the pardon of Jacob Mercer was read the second time and made the special order for Wednesday, 14th inst. The bill to authorize the county of Dougherty to levy taxea to aid in building a Railroad lrom Americus to Alba ny, was read the 2d time. Bills Referred. —The bill to create anew Judicial Cir cuit, to be called the Brunswick Circuit. The bill to increase the salary of the Judges of the Su preme Court to S4OOO. The bill to alter the rules of evidence so as to allow’ par ties to actions to testify. The bill to allow garnishments to issue against citizens of certain States which refuse to surrender fugitive slaves. This bill was introduced by Jones, of Muscogee. The bill to lay out and organize the county of Colquitt. The bill to organize a general school system. SENATE. Milledgeville, Nov. 13. The Senate met at 10 o’clock A. M. President Bailey in chair. The following bills were introduced : Buchanan, of Coweta: A bill to regulate the collection ol jury fees, Coweta county. Also a bill to incorporate the Macedonian Academy of Coweta county. Lawton, ot Dougherty: A bill to incorporate the Petit Jurors of Dougherty, Lee, Worth and Calhoun counties. Calhoun, of Fulton : A bill to define the liabilities of Railroad companies—a very stringent bill. The special order ot the day was callied up—the bill for the pardon of Jacob Mercer—but upon the suggestion that the published testimony differed from the record, the con sideration of the bill was postponed until Friday next. Dabney, of Gordon, called up the resolution fixing sVed nesday as the day for the election of aDirectoroftheßankof the State of Georgia. On motion of Pope, of Wilkes, the resolution was amended by adding, “and also a Judge of the Supreme Court.” On motion of Scriven, of Chatham, sVednesday was stricken out and Friday inserted, and the resolution as amended was passed. Nichole, of Clinch, chairman of the special committee, to whom it was referred, reported in favor of the bill or ganizing anew Judicial District to be called the Brunswick Circuit. It is composed of counties now belonging to the Southern Circuit. Nothing of interest occurred in the Senate except a de bate on the amendment of Pope, of Wilkes, to bring on the election of a Judge of the Supreme Court. The amend meni-was advocated by Pope, of Wilkes, Dunnegan, of Hall, and Murphey„.of DeKalb, and was opposed by Buchanan, cf Covveta, Cone, of Greene, Peebles, of Clarke. The chief arguments in favor of the postponement of the election were, that the salary was too low to command the best talent, and the organization of the Court defective.— Tne arguments in favor of bringing on the election were, that the present salary had commanded the best talent in the State and there were now candidates of equal talent to any that could be procured by an increase of salary. This argument was the more forcible, as some of the advocates oi postponement suggested that if the salary were raised they ‘ would vote tor a re-election of the present incumbents if j they would resign, and Murphy, of DeKalb, well said, that! the proposition befote the Legislature was not to bid for I tter tbealents by an increase of salary, but to raise the pay of the present incumbents. Cone, of Greene, however, ex plained the tactics of his party by avowing his preference for a distinguished Democrat, rot a candidate before the Legislature, for the office. We wmuld not detract from the high character of the distinguished gentleman referred to by the Senator from Greene. He has long been our file leader and we are for him against the world, for any offioe he aspires to ; but think it questionable policy to shape leg islation to mest the case of any individual. If the salary is too low, it ought to be raised; if it is high enough, it ought not to be raised. This is simply a question of fact very easily solved by reference to the class of men who hold and aspire to the honors of the ermine. If the Court were located, we incline to think $3603 would be a read able compensation. The great defect of the organization of the Court is that it is perambulatory. STANDING COMMITTEES. Privileges and Elections. —Murphy, Wynn, Robinson, Patterson and Colbert. Petitions. — Whitaker, McDonald, Poole, How’ell, Dix on. Journals. —Camden, Marshall, Harris, Riley, Allred. Printing. —Baxter, Shropshire, Brown, Sapp, Ashe, Turner, Hamilton, Long, Sweney, Sumner, Rudisil, Cau sey. ‘ Deaf and Dumb Asylum. —Moreland, Harris, Beasley, Mathews, Gibson, Newton, Paulk, McGuire, Peebles. Institution for the Blind.— Moore, Smith, Cone, Cum ming, Hardeman, Spaulding, Wales, Hale, Ware. Penitentiary. —Dunegan, Charlton, Brice, Hines, Jeter, Murray, Pharr, White, Bludworth, Gordon, Reddish. Lunatic Asylum.— Landrum, Beasley, Avery, Ragan, Adams, Giiffin, Head, Moody, Rudisil, Rodenbury, Brown, of Calhoun. Military. —Cone, of Bullock, Smith. Coffee, Jamison, Renfroe, Studsill, Moore, Hill, Gray, Hays, McCrimmon. Internal Improvements. —Screven, Peebles, Grant,Knight, Scott, Lawton, Hardeman, Long, Pope, Moore, of Cobb, Wellborn. Education and Free Schools. —McMillan,, Moor* of Lincoln, Grant, Peebles, Wingfield, Cone of Greene, At kinson, Patterson, Guerry. Banks. —Miller, Screven, Chastain, Dupree, Beall, Cal houn, Buchanan, Maddux, McGuire. Enrollment. —Guerry, Hardeman, Landrum, Cannon, Cantrell. State of the Republic. —Lawson, Miller, Spalding, Bil lups, Wingfield, McMillan, Sims, Dabney, Atkinson. Judiciary.— Gibson, Cone, of Greene, Pope, Baxter, Buchanan, Wales, Nichols,Cumming, Murphy, Sttickland. Finance. —Lawton, Calhoun,Ponder, Mclntosh, Fam brough, Morris, King, Brown, Lawson, Lott. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. BILLS TASSED. The bill to fix the line betweeu the counties of Camdett aid Charlton. The bill to authorize the Inferior Court, upon a vote of a majority of the voters, levy a tax upon the citizens of Dougherty county for the purpose of building a Railrocd from Americus to Albany. The bill to incorporate the Greenville Masonic Female Institute. The bill to authorize the Inferior Court of Washington County to draw a list of Grand and Petit Jurors. The bill for the relief of Mary W. Gresham. The bill to locate the county site of Wayne county, and to erect the public buildings. STANDING COMMITTEES. Banks. —Lewis, Irwin, Phinizy, Lawton, Williams, Kirkpatrick, Owen, Harris, of Dougherty, Harris, ol Fulton, Stamper, Calloway, Dozier, Johnston. Finance. —Phillips, Jones, Harris,” of Merriwether* Brown, of Camden, Haynie, Lewis, of Greon, Harrison, Taylor, Carlton, McLean, Cannon, Smith, of Hancock, Fields, Durden, Watts. Public Education. —Thornton, Ward, Lewis, of Han cock, Warthen, Johnson, of Cass, Pickett, Harris, ofMor riwether, Haynie, Anderson, Guyton, Porter, Jones, of Warren, Sapp, Murphy, Wimberly. Manufactures. —Dawson, Reid, Henderson, Felton, Maynor, Carter, Hudson, ol Harris, Brown, of Burke, Watts, Lowe, Julian, Whitworth, Shannon, Downing. State of the Republic. —Crook,lrwin, Jones, of Musco gee, Lawton, Lewis, of Hancock, Harrison, Smith, of Un ion, Dawson, Jones, of Lowndes, Bartlett, Caldwell, of Walker, Barron, Solomons, Ward, Headen. Judiciary.— lrwin, Lawton, Thornton, Terhune, Har ris, of Merriwether, Caldwell, Dawson, Tharpe, Stamper, Mil ledge, Henderson, McConnell, of’Catoosa, Johnston. Military Affairs. —Milledge, Irwin, Phillips, Jones, of Muscogee, Bradford, Carlton, Hughes, Brown, of Burke, Johnson, of Cass, King, Hilliard, Parris, Richards. Enrollment. —Terhune, Fields, Smith, of Bryan, Rumph, Hoyle, Walton, Pruett, Graham, Graybell, Mobley, Wood, Smith, of Tatnall, Johnson, of Carroll. Public Printing.— Pickett, Walton, Griffith, Pofford, Brantly, Murphy, Moore, McLelland, Hill, Kitchens, Wood, King, of Fayette. Deaf and Dumb Asylum.— Johnson, of Cass, Haynie, Myers, Boykin, Calloway, Caldwell, of Walker, Mathews, Wiggins, Luke, Cotton, Davis, Amiss, Reid, McCants, Hale. Lunatic Asylum.— Barron, Phillips, Thornton, Lawton, Iloyle, Guyton, Carter, Bryce, Smith, of Tatnall, Coopor, Cunningham, Boykin, McLary, Bird. Penitentiary.— Smith, of Union, Dozier, Causey, Kil gore, Simmons,’"Davis, Daniel, Stephens, Wynn, Boykin, Johnson, of Carroll, Cobb, Brown, of Talbot, Avery, Montgomery. Agriculture and Internal, Improvements.— Lawton, Crook, Lewis, of Hancock, Browning, Harris, of Dough erty, Milledge, Hughes, Burnett, Jones, of Muscogee, Graves, Headen, Sapp, Porter, Battle, Caldwell, of Pike. Journals. —Fields, Smith, of Union, Hudson, of Gwin nett, Butts, Faulk, Taylor, Roberts, Burnett, Lowe, King, Battle, Edenfield. Petitions.— Pickett, McConnell, Johnson, of Henry, Parks, Slocum, Harrell, Smith, of Clinch, Sinqucfield, Spinks, Gordon, of Harris, Powell, Beall, Ship, Thompson, Patterson, Tatum, Cornwell. SENATE. Milledgeville, Nov. 14, 1855. The following bills were introduced: Jemison of Union: A bill to organize anew county out of Union to be called Knox. Shropshire of Chattooga: A hill to alter the usury laws. Cone of Greene: A bill to amend the law of Garnish meat. Screven of Chatham: A bill to protect planters of oys ter banks. * McMillan of Habersham: A bill to regulate the practice in the Supreme Court; also a bill to organize anew coun ty out of Clarke County. Jeter of Marion: A bill to organize a ’new county out of Macon, Marion and Sumter counties, to be called Col uitt. Gibson of Pike: A bill to alter the provisions of the con stitution in relation to the Supreme Court; and also a bill changing the times and places of holding the Supreme C ours. Buchanan of Coweta: A bill to raise the fees of Solici tors General in certain cases. Nichols 6f Clinch: A bill repealing the act requiring railroad* to whistle on crossing publio highways. Local bills were also introduced by Long Os Glynn, Murray, of Catoosa, MeMillan of Habersham, McDon ald oi Ware, Murphy sos |DeKalb, Dabney of Gordon Camden of Cherokee, and Peebles of Clarke. Lawton of Dougherty called up the Dougherty county Railroad bill, and upon a motion to substitute the House bill a very interesting discussion sprung up. Mr. Lawton was acting, he said, under instructions from the people of His county. The principle of the bill was sanctioned by the State,in the construction of the State Road, and in various bills allowing the cities to make sub scriptions to Railroads. The construction of the Road would benefit alike the resident and non-resident, and all ought to bear the burthen of the tax imposed. Mr. Hardeman of Bibb, moved to ;strike out the third saction of the bill. He was not opposed to pledging the taxes of the county for the payment of the bonds the couniy might issue tor the construction of the proposed Railroad; but the third section created a lien upon the lands and aegrces of the citizens. Mr. Lawton, of Dougherty, waa willing to amend the objectionable language of the third section of the bill to meet the views of the Senator from Bibb. Gibson,of Pike, moved to lay the substitute on the table. He was opposed to the principle of the bill. It was car rying the principle that a majority shall govern too far to allow them to impose taxes, to build railroads, upon the minority. Atkinson, of Camden, was in favor of the bill. The lands in the lower part of the State were owned in large bodies;by non-residents, part of whom resided at the North and part in Europe. These Railroads would ap preciate the value of these lands, and it waa right and pro per that the owners of them should aid in their construc tion. The debate was continued by Dunnegao of Hall, and Peebles of Clark, but the bill was, on motion, laid on the table for the present. Senate adjourned at 12i P, M. The Senate re-assembled at 3 P. M., and spent tiro even ing in reading bills the second time. Wingfield, of Putnam, introduced a bill to prevent ordi naries from practicing law. Senate adjourned.| HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mill/EDgbvillb, Nov. li. Irwin of Wilkes, Chairman of the Judiciary Commit tee, reported back to the House and recommended the pas sage of the bill for the relief of Haddock} also the bill raw ing the salaries of Judges of the Supreme Court} also the bill altering the 7th section of the 2d article of the consti tution defining and restricting the pardoning power. Thornton of Muscogee, as chahmau of the Committee to whom was referred the documents accompanying the Governor's Message, reported in favor of paMishiog the same/ The bill for the pardon of Jacob Mercer waa made the special order for Tuesday 20ib inet. The rule 9 were suspended to take ap the bill for the in crease of the salaries of the Judges of the Supreme Court. Lewis of Hancock, moved to strike out S4OOO &Bd insert $3,500; lost. Terhune moved to strike oat and insert s3,* 800; lost. Dawsoo of Greene, moved to strike out and in sert $3000; carried by a vote pf yeas nays S7. The bill as amended was passed by. a TWte of 02 yeast* 41 trays- The bill for tha relief of Haddock waa taken ap and pass ed. The bill limiting the pardoning’power wastakaa tip and lost by a vote of yeas 67 nays 7L. The bill making advances to of the General Assembly was taken up and passed. The following Bills were introduced and read a first time. Lawton of Chatham: A bill to incorporate Oglethorpe Medical College of the city of Savannah, Pratt of Franklin: A bill to organize anew County out of the County of Franklin. Harris of Fulton: A bill to allow judgments to be taken at the appearance Terra in certain cases. Pickett of Gilmer: A biil to give State aid la Railroads ander certain circumstances. Phillips of Habersham: A bill to lay out anew county out of Habersham, Hall and Lumpkin counties. Local bills were introduced by Messts. Mobley McCou nell, Powell, Porter, Terhuae, Barrett, Whitworth and Jones. AFTERNOON SESSION. BILLS INTRODUCED. Browning of Thomas: A bill to sell the lands in the Okefenoke Swamp and to provide for draining the same. Hilliard ol Ware: A bill to appropriate SSOOO to remove obstructions from Satilla River. Rumph of Wayne. A bill to compel non-resident land holders to pay taxes in ths county where the land lies. Thornton of Muscogee: A bill to abolish imprisonment for debt; also a memorial in favor of incorporation of the Bank of Columbus with a capital stock of $250,000, with power to increase it to $500,000. New Post Office* in Georgia* Stephen*, Oglethorpe county—N, L, Collins, posN master, Mill Stone, Oglethorp* county —Samuel Lindsey, postmaster. Anew Post Offiee has Ween established Sn Upson oounty at “Thundering Springs.” W. P. Bethea, Pest Master. Anew Post Office has been established at Yellow Stone, Pike county, end John Rowe appointed Post master. Fir* in Marietta. We learn from a gentleman just from Marietta, that a disastrous fire occurred there about 4 o’clock Sunday m rning. It originated in the kitchen tt iohed to the Marietta Hotel, owned by H. G. Cole, both of which were consumed. From the Hotel the fire extended along the south side of the Square, all the houses oo which, some fifteen in number, were destroyed. Among the sufferers ere Drs Connel and Cleland.aad Drs. Hardy snd Bass, whose offices were burnt. Mr. J. M, Edge’s lew office, and Mr. Anderson’s grocery store, were also consumed, together with a number of small wooden houses, the occupants sod owner® of which are unknown to ns. The entire southern side of the square is swept away. Mr. Cole hod 8n insurance upon the Hotel in the South ern Mutual office, for $5,000, which wii! about ©over his lo 8. Mo'it of the furniture was saved. We are not in* fo-rr.ed whether the other buildings were insured. Republican, J3tiL The Outrages by the Central American*—A Georgian Silled. The foT wiDg !s the list of passengers killed snd wound ed in front of the Steamship Company’s office at Virgin Bay, on the night of the 19th Oetebef, by a party of Nicaraguans: Killed. —John Boyd, Wayne county, Indiana, body robbed of $700; Wm, Howard, Lexington, Missouri, robbed of several thousands •, Henry B. Davis, Vernon Ohio, robbed of over $2,000 ; two reported unknown. W ©onbed at Virgin Bat. —Wm. Fitts, Tryon facto ry, Chattooga county, Georgia, left shoulder fractured horn the effect of which he died on board the Star of the West, on her pr.ssage to New York. Alabama Legislature. The Legislature, of both Houses—judging from the lobbies—has a dignified, intellg.nl look ; perhaps more to than on some former occasions. Jt appears like a working body, in which it is to be trusted their constitu ents will not be disappointed.— Jgqrml, From the Savtnnah Georgian, 13th. Latest from the Seat of War. The lest foreign mails came to hand yesterday and from them we condense all important nev.s. h will b remembered date* are to tbe 27th ult. At tbe last accounts Major Delafield, Maj. Murdooh jr., and Captaia MoLeliao, of the American Commis sion to the Crimea were in the Allied camp. A Brit-* isb general provides them rations during their stay in the Crimea. Tbe land strength of the Allies in the Crimea, inclu ding the siok, is officially reported at 210,000 men. The Russian stores foundia Sevastopol ate estimated at a million shot and cartridges and |half a million pounds of gunpowder. A St. Petersburg letter of the 15th says tho Allied successes had caused despondency, yet every thing in dicates the intention of Russia to continue the war.— Preparations were making for a fourteenth levy and enrollment of the local militia. Prayers were offered for tko Emperor’s safe return from the Crimea. The Generals Sir DeLaoy, Evans, Codrington; Mark ham, Collin Campbell,‘and others,are mentioned as the soacessors of Gen. Simpson, who, it i* believed, Las sent in bis resignation. Ad important disoussion has been held in the Liver pool Chamber ts Commerce on the p-esent British monetary affairs. Resolutions were adopted that, al though there is no cause for immediate alarm, the Gov ernment should anticipate and prevent aoy breakdown of publio confidence by suspending the operation of tha Bank Act of 1844, as during tbe crisis of 1847. The London Times opposes this expedient. The Allies continued to threaten the Russian flank on the Belbek, and tbe French outposts, it is stated, were within nine miles of Baktcbisstroi. It is again supposed that the Russians are failing back on Perekop, but theaotivity of their fire from ihe north forts would indicate otherwise. Tbe whole Russian militia has been ordered to xnaroh southward, under Gen. Luders. Latest from Europe. A despatch from Berlin in the London Advertiser states, that an order of the day from Gortschakoff, da ted Oct. 15, declares that ho will not evacuate the coun-* try confided to his defence ; neither will he retreat be fore the invader, but will defend tbe Crimea at nil hazards. The last London News says, the announcement that the British fleet in the American waters was to be re inforced, baa excited considerable discussion. g}A Sheeting Affair.— -On yesterday afternoon, a man lamed Hamilton Raiford, armed, with a gun, went to the house of Michael Wall, and shot him dead, the contents of the gun taking effect in his left side, in the region of tbe heart. The |diffi cully had its origin in Wall’s cutting a road through some land belonging to Raiford. Wall had no family, but we learn has a brother residing il thiseity.— Sav Neu>e 13/A. Accident en the Central Railroad —A freight train coming in contact with a cow, was thrown oft’ the track Saturday morning, near the Eleven mile station, making a complete wreck of three cars, and doing some damage to the road *d<l engine. The angiaeer was slightly in • iured.— Sto. Georgian, 13/A i Maryland Election. The American party have carried the State, electing | their whole ticket —majorities in both branches of the Legislature, and four of the six Congressmen. The ma jority in the Congressional election is about three thou sand. Kansas Freesoil Army—Attempt at Murder. A dispatch from St. Josephs, Mo., of the Ist inst. says > that Samuel Collins, a member of the Kansas Secret Army, met Mr. Pat. Laugbliu at Doniphan the previous dav, and tried to shoot biro. Ilis gun missed fire ; he then stab bed Laugblin in the abdomen. Laughlin then drew a revolver, and shot him through the heart. Laughliu’s life is despaired of. It will be recollected that Laughlin belonged to the se cret association of abolition adventurers in Kansas, aud when fully possessed of their desigua, made publication of them in the paper® at St, Josephs. Serious Affray. We are informed that a difficulty occurred in Stewart county, at the House of Mr. George Henry, on the night of the 31st ult., between Joho Sturkey and Stephen Sim mons, in which the latter was very seriously slabbed but at la*t accounts he vv*s in a fair way of recovery. Stur key was immediately arrested, and after a trial before the committing magistrates, in default of bail, he was com muted to jail to await bis trial for the deed.—Bueno Vila ta The Progress of the War.—ln France the gigantic ettur sos the Government to carry on the war, seem to be redoubled. Men, stores, material, surgeons, Sisters of Charity, all iu enhanced number and amount, are pro ceeding to the East. The national spirit is up, and the game will be manfully played out. Appropriate Present. —We observed yesterday in the Jewelry Store of Lewis Owen, a beautiful drinking vessel o* tne size and exact shape of the ordinary water gourd’ It is of heavy solid silver, and of chaste and elegant finish*. It is designed as a present by the Blues so their hospitable ana esteemed friend Dr. Charles Lucas, of Mt. Me>s.- 11)8 name is handsomely engraved on the front, and^a'so a well designed and executed view of the Blues in camo at “Old Augusta.” The affair is got up in very good taste, and most worthily bestowed. May the shadow of our good friend, the Doctor, never be less.— Ala. Journal. •n^ 0 York Times fears that Forney’s influence will be sufficient to secure the Kansas delegate’s seat in the House of Representatives, to Gen. Whiifield, by re. ceivmg and fifing before organization, the certificate which Uov. Shannon will, of course, give of the election of the Jd October. a 7a* Reason.— u Cato, what do you Vpose am de reason n g ° eS dowu ,oward de Sous in de winter ?” e j vT d ° D, ‘ 00 Samho n unless be no staa’ de ’clemency of de Norf, and so he aua ’bliged to go to de Sous, where be sperienca warmer longitude.” The Bank of Hamburg, S. C.. ha* established an agency JBorence, Ga., BDd A. TV. Hill is Agent. Curious RwsrAN Custom.—On Whit-Monday and the following bunoay there is n great promenade in the sum mer gardens, namely, the exhibition of brides. The Rus han tradesmen, on these days, expose their marriageable g.ye them away. Under the lime tiees of the principal Alloe ere two long rows of gaily dressed girls nael-pd S,T™i k( pipeS A an fieLd P “, k oh l f maner, and the third row the moth. rs I hrouah th double row the spectators and wife-seeking Russians slowly walk The L~T aoy f * Ce tha L pleasea and the match maker belonging to it. Tne exhibition lasts till a late State. — lhe population of Illinois, nc** cording to the census just taken, will exceed 1.300.000. 7?® Jy? D 4tloß ln waa 851,470, end in 1830 it was 107 5 440. domination for the Presidency — A meeting of she friends of Hon. George M. Dallas was held in Philadel *v*oing, recommending him as the candidate of the Democracy for the next Presidency. Mr. S. K. Coburn, formerly editor of the Rome (Ga.) Courier , died gs yellow fevet s at Marks? ill*, La., ou ifiy * 4i-fe ttlt.