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B'itmdi $ fSnrfhul
AUGUSTA AND HER RAILROAD COMMUNIC A
Wa desire to call the attention of our cits
Z'jnr, an<l more particularly of the business
men and capitalists of the city, to the impor
tance o? an early completion and full equip
ment of the roads leading Into and through
our city. The speedy opening of the roads
from Augusta to Columbia, and from Augusta
to MilledgeviDe, is a noc e-ity which, to us, is
apparent, if we would successfully compete
with other cities for the great through travel
from North to South, and for the trade of
South western Georgia and Eastern, Middle and
Southeastern Alabama. The growing cotton
crop of Southwestern Georgia, and a large
portion of Alabama, will seek in the Fail an
Atlantic market. This trade will not follow
the circuitous route by Atlanta, if facilities are
offered at Columbus, Selma and Montgomery
for its direct c jmmunicution with Savannah.
The Central Railroad will be linished in
time to in >vc the growing crop from Macon,
and unless a more dii ect an ! shorter route is
open to Augusta than either the line by At
lanta or MUlon, that road will have a mono
poly of the trade, and the interests of Augusta
must suffer. With the road open from this
city to Macon or even to Milledgeville, our
merchants would be able to control a large
portion of the trade which will be eeeking an
outlet from Macon. Our m irchanls are de
seivedly populur with the people of the State,
and with the many ad vantages which tho lo«
cation and husint s facilities of this city ufford,
they wool 1 secure a large and lucrative busi
neiH from that portion of the State whose
products find a seaport through Macon.
Every interest of the city would be benefit -
ted bj tho completion of the road to Columbia.
Already are the roads through East Tennessee
und Southeastern Virginia open, and strong
efforts are being made to direct the great
Northern travel over this route. The line
through Tennessee could not successfully com
pete with tho Central route, if the direct line
from Columbia through Augusta to Macon
was oompletod. The grading on tho Columbia
road, we learn, is nearly finished ; and with
the cordial co-operation and support of our
capitalists, could bo put in running order in a
We call attention to these enterprises now.
that the long dry months of summer may be
devoted to tho advancement of those works.
Wo clip the folowing from the Constitution -
al Union of Washington city.
Southbhn Honor.— At the commencement
of the rebellion, in 1861, Messrs. Kluehley &
Sanchez, of Georgia, wore indebted to Mr.
Gay nor, of Baltimore, io the amount of sl,-
200. A few days since they wrote to their
Baltimore creditor, informing him that they
were prepared to p>y the amount of their in
debtedness, enclosing a draft tor $1,200 in gold
in liquidation of thu same.
Mr Ed Kinchly, Senior and surviving partner
of the linn is a native, and merchant of this
city. The late Colonel Sanchez, was in the
Confederate service at the time of his death
—an estimable gontl-man—pure and upright
and greatly esteemed and beloved by a large
circle of friends and connections in our commu
nity. lie was, we believe, born upon the seacoast
of our Slate and died near the close of the war
In the Confederate service. This is the first
notice of such integrity that we have mot with
In the public prints—but it is withiu our
knowled o that a large n unbor of our mer
chants have acted in the same manner ; and
that the tone aud feeling of the merohiuts of
our State is that which governed in the fore
going instance. We are happy to acknowledge
that the same high tone has generally charac
terized the actions of Northern merchants —al-
though some cases have occurred where cash
balances due in gold by parties at the North have
been paid in Greenbacks with after deducting a
commission of two per cent for investing and
saving from confiscation.' ’
The corner stone of the monument to be
erected over the grave of Stephen A. Douglas
will be laid some time during the mouth of
Mayor Jane, and the trustees, having the
matter in charge, have invited Wm. H. Sew
ard, Secretary of State, to bo the orator of the
occasion. In reply, Secretary Seward writes :
“I may inform you that I should cousider it
an agreeable duty to accept this invitation,
whieh does not exaggerate the regard in which
I hold the memory of Stephen A. Douglas.—
The last of his days in Washington were ein
ployed in consultation with President Lincoln
aud myself in organizing the resistance to dis
union. Unless two events which are now
mentioned, should occur hereafter, I could not
expect to be able to assume the proposed duty
at a time so early as May or June : First, my
returning health must become mote distinctly
established Second, official duties must be
come less exteting. At present lam prevent
ed, therefore, from making a promise which
and pends so materially upon the future for its
The Education ok Girls.— After much op
position, the Cambridge examinations for girls
inEagland have become regularly established,
apparently with the best results. The last re
port .4 the Syndicate of Cambridge University
on tho local examinations held throughout the
country during the past winter shows that the
girls hare not only shown themselves supe
rior in the points iu which it was certain that
they would do better than the boys, but that
in mathem itics also they have gained great
credit. The general etyie of their papers was
decidedly better than what the boys produced,
and their answers were more to the point,
with far fewer attempts at fine writing than
their male competitors indulge in Ten girls
out of twelve passed a creditable examination
iu Latin, being especially distinguished for
accuracy and good taste in -rauslation. A
hundred aud twenty-six girls were examined)
aud the examiners gave reports which seem to
answer some of the chief objections against
the examination for girls, stating that no uu
due excitement was noticeable, nor any signs
of weariness towards the enel of the week.
On the contrary, all were very methodical and
orderly, and the girls did their work iu a most
businesslike way. without flagging.
Rev. W. T. Brantlt. —We regret to learn
that this eminent divine, who has resided in
our city lor seme time past, has made ar
rangements to remove to Atlanta, having
purchased the desirable property improved by
James Clark Esq., in that city. He has, we
understand, accepted pastoral charge of the
First Baptist Church of that city.
Mayor Monroe and Alderman Nixon, of
New Orleans, have gone to Washington for
PlSliiE VIEWS O? POLITICS AT WiSHftfciOX.
Elect oi t v « WmUrn Election*—Aiwa; ii the It -i a'O.mp
Xnfrrt sJoual I>ic*ati(n t3 th* Prca.deit—Will i t Pre-U
and Dt MiDm t t; it ?—Vi .ws oi the I>err ocratc Liad rs—
hin th • Houie of Few* .Ini'"*—A Fat J for
Forr e> —Bi irgsgute on ifr* Flo ra of C njcrtdi— Mr.
Htephcn*’ TANARUS» utirn n/ and Its Kff ct—A. False Charge Ex
;l.d-d—The Case of Hen. Clay, Ac.
(FUoM CUE own cob: EsrOKDE.NT.)
WisuiNGTOX, li iitDAY, April 17.
The recent Democratic successes in a large
number of petty elections in the West, indicat
ing the eettieg in of a popular reaction ng aiust
the mad cour e of the majority in Congress,
have alarmed the Radical leaders here. Cut
they have gone too far to recede ; and they
will not cow hesitate at tho most desperate
measures to prolong their own lease of power
an 1 to clip the wings of an honest and patri
otic Executive. They now boldly declare—a
thing unheard of, hitherto, la tho history of
parties—that the President cannot, or, at all
eveuts, shall not, change his Cabiuet, or, in
deed, make any removal from office whatever,
on account of tire opposition of an incumbent
to his policy of Restoration, They base this
new assumption of power upon the fact that
usage has sanctioned the retention by a Cabinet
officer of hid position, until his successor is
appointed by the President . nd (if Congress
happens to oe in session) confirmed by Vie
Senate. Hitherto, this confirmation of a Cabi
net appointee has always been a mere matter
of form. But times have changed ; and hum
ner and Wilson and Wade, who rule the Senate,
vow that they will not allow the confirmation
of any new appointment that may not be to
their taste. And, as Congress has determined
(cholera permitting) to sit the summer through,
mis throat to bind tho hands of the President
assumes a very serious aspect.
II w tar Andrew Johnson will choose to sub
mit to this dictation, as to who shall constitute
his political family, is a matter much canvassed
he.e, just now. His friends generally counsel
him to strong measures. The following edi
torial paragraphs, from tho able and vigorous
New York Freeman’s Journal, express, aa
briefly aa may be, tlio views of some of the
Democratic leaders here:
“By shilly-shallying and half-way mea-ures,
the President has let slip a largo part of the
ad vantage ho had over tho Congress. It is not
yet too lute. Hio recent “Proclamation” de
clares tho “war” ended, in all tho States c-x.
cept Texas. He bolds the States as having
never been out of the Union. Ho has, now,
the right, by ruling in the Dorr care in Rhode
Island, to recognize the State Governments at
present existing all over tho country. When
any bill comes up to him from Congress, he has
the implied right, anil the whole present
Federal power runs on implied right, to
ask where tho votes of Virginia, the two Caro
iinas, Georgia, &c , &c., are, and to ignore a
Congressional vote that excludes the voices ol
all these States that are ‘m the Union.’
‘ President Johnson must stop temporizing.
If he throws himself fully upon the ancient
principles ot the country, as built tip by
Thomas Jefferson, and iallies the masses to the
well-known cries ot the grand old Democratic
party—he can paralyze this rump Congress—
discaid it as not the Congress of the country—
and. in all probability, he elected President
again in 1868 If he temporizes any farther
with his iaipiacatde enemies, they are as cun
ning as they are cowardly, aud they will unseat
him probably within the coming year.
“These are no quiet times. They are times
of revolution. It is now a question of physi
cal forces. Alt'. Andrew Johnson has the cards
ia his hands, aud he has the hardiness to use
them —il he has the exceptional knowledge to
know what to do. If ho takes the strong hand,
the cowardly Congress will succumb. If not,
Congress, safely, will upset him !’’
There is, undoubtedly, much force in these
suggestions. But it the President’s past course
be any indication of his present temper, he will
not hearken to them. He will prefer to avoid
all uuusuul or revolutionary expedients in bi3
struggle against the ‘•irresponsible Directory”
that is striving to paralyze bis administration,
and to trust to the good sense aud conserva
tism of the masses lor his ultimate vindication,
1 was a witness yesterday to a scene in the
House of Representatives, which illustrates
the malignant bitterness with which the war
on the President is waged. A few days ago
the Morning Chronicle, the Radical organ here,
edited by the notorious John W. Forney, was
notified by the State Department that its issues
(every one of which teems with the coarsest
abuse of the Administration) would no longer
bo required for transmission to our legations
abroad. Instantly tho cry of “proscription!'’
was raised, and on yesterday tiie hoary old
radical, Iliad. Stevens, rose in the House of
Representatives, and moved the adoption of a
resolution instructing the Clerk ol the House
to send three copies of tho Morning Chrouicle
to each of our Foreign Legations, Consulates
and Commercial Agencies, aud to pay for the
same out of the contingent fund of the House,
This nice little measure, innocent as it may
appear, would have put nearly $30,000 of tho
public money in Forney’s pocket. Ia vain the
Democrats protested against so infamous a
piece of legislation ; in vain a tew conscien
tious Republicans remonstrated against so bare
faced a misapplication oi the contingent fund
of the House—tho purpose ot Stevens to thwart
the President was fixed. Fortunately, how
ever, a two-thirds vote was necessary in order
to suspend tho rules for tho reception of the
resolution at that time, and, as a large number
of his followers happened to bo absent from
the hall when tho vote was taken, the motion
to suspend the rules failed for want of the
requisite twoMhirds—the yeas being 50 aud the
nays 41. But, us the Radicals can certainly
muster mere than two-thirds of the House
whenever they choose, I shall not be surprised
to bear of the resolution being adopted before
the close of the week.
To an observer who remembers the palmy
days of American oratory and statesmanship,
when the legislative chambers echoed to the
toues of Clay, Webster aud Caihoun, the ab
sence of the leaven of dignity and decorum on
the floors of Congress is now painfully appar
ent. Only yesterday, two Rep
resentatives of the American people were
bandying such epithets as “miserable traitor"
aud “contemptible copperhead,’’ evidently
without the slightest idea of anything like
courtesy or personal accountability tor their
words ; while the House looked gleefully on
evidently enjoying tbe sport hugely, and the
galleries resounded with merriment at the
antics of the actors in the arena below.
Meantime, the Speaker, who had been appealed
to by the Democrats to protect them trem be
ing denounced on the floor as “followers of
Jed Davis,” announced, amidst roars of laugh
ter and applause, that he “really could not
decide whether that was in order or not!”
This is a fair sample of the scenes daily tran
spiring in Congress.
The testimony of Hon. A. H. Stephens has
just been reported, amongst a miss of other
evidence, by the Committee on Reconstruction,
t I enclose you a copy, which will be read with
great interest in Georgia. It is safe to say
that no other Southern publi man holds as
high a place in the esteem and respect of the
Northern people as the late Vico President o;
i the Confederacy ; and his statements will have
I immense weight in the minds of all who are
really open to conviction. But tho Radicals,
who bar the threshold of Congress, do not
mean to be convinced.
Tho charges against Mr. Davi3 and other
■- ul coutberners, of being privy to and
in tigators of the assassination of President
Lmcoln, have all ended in smoke. Not a par
tif !>: of evidence has been adduced to support
the seen:-alien; and there i3 good reason to
believe that the Hon. C. C. Clay, of Ala., (Mr.
Davis’ partner in captivity at Fortress Monroe)
v ill, in a ffiw days, be set at liberty, on parole.
His expected release is mainly, if not entirely,
attributable to the persistent and devoted in
tercession of his wife. Butternut.
The price of tobacco in Mantana Territory
has recently been as high aa five dollars a
It is proposed ?bv the State authorities of
Pennsylvania to procure a full history of the
services rendered by Pennsylvania regiments
in the war.
The Judge of the Common Pleas Court ha3
decided in Beaton county, lad , that a man
who keeps a billiard table, or who sella or
gives away liquors to a minor is not a fit per
on to he entrusted with license to sell intox
The Indianapolis Journal .editorially an
nounces that rinderpest has appeared
neighbornood of that city.
Mr. Parton, in the North American Review
for April, thinks it probable that a method
will be invented by which a bundle of news
papers can be shot from New York to Chicago
in half an hour.
*.The great tight-ropo walker, Mi J. Donier,
rrudo one of his perilous ascents in New Or
leans on the evening of the 30th ultimo from
the top of tho Custom house to the opposite
building iu the presence of over 5,000 people.
The funeral of Gen. J.-Lyman Van Buren
took place in Now York, on the 16th.
Morehead City. N. C., was thrown into a
fever of excitement by the unexpected entrance
into the harbor of three of the huge monsters
of the deep in the shape of whales. Two
were immediately captured, and when last
heard from tho people werrin eager pnrsajt of
When the corpse of Gen. P.obert Hatton,
late of the Confederate army, was being car
ried through the streets of Nashville the other
day, a group of Uuittd States officers, who
happened to bo near the line of procession,
raised their hats and stood uncovered until
the remains had passed them.
Many philosophers connect the visitation of
cholera with meteorological influences, and
have studied the phenomena recorded in chol
era times. One of the most curious results
found is tho unusua 1 height of the barometer.
In 1832, when the epidemic was at its height
the barometer marko and 30,60 ; in 1849 it was
30.91, a height not likely to be reached oftener
term onco in thirty years. In 1854 it stood at
30 50: These are tiie maximum heights.
Geld quartz has been discovered on the
The work of dismantling the fortifications
around Washington has been completed.
Geo. B. Wright of Cincinnati ha3 been con
firmed as Indian agent in Montana.
The Athens (Ohio) Messenger announces the
death, at that place, op the 2d instant,of Mrs.
Samantha S., wife of General G. H. Grosvenor.
Tho President has approved the bill appro
priating SBOO,OOO to’ reimbuse tho State of
Pennsylvania for money expended for the
payment of militia in the service of the United
The bodies of 1,609 Federal soldiers buried
on the Bull Run, Wilderness and Spottsylvania
battle fields, have been removed to the Arling
Charies McCiuchen. supposed accomplice
in the Philadelphia murder has beoa arrested
in London, C. W.
The Provincial force at Toronto are to drill
twioe a week.
Another batch of Generals of high grades
will soon be mustered out of service.
The House ou the 16th adopted a resolu
tiim, calling upon the President for informa
tion relative to the withdrawal of the French
troops from Mexico.
A resolution was also adopted, instructing
the Committee on Ruies to inquire into the
expediency of providing, by amendments of
the rule, when tho House shall have under
consideration a resolution returned by the
President with objections, neither a motion to
lay on the table or a motion to postpone in
definitely, shall be in order.
Hon. Daniel S Dickinson was buried at
Binghamton,N. Y.,on the 15th. The burial was
in accordance with the rules of the Episcopal
Gen. Hays, late C. S. A. has been nominated
by the New Orleans Democrats for Sheritf of
that Parish. The election comes off ou the
second of May.
The last of the white and black troops in
Tennessee, will be mustered out of the service
by the twelfth of May.
In a few years tho sheep interest in Texas
will not be second even to cotton.
There are 9,217 rum shops in New York,
The public libraries of the United States
comprise more than JrOOO.OOO volumes.
General G . T. Beauregard was elected
dent of the New Orleans and Jackson Railroad
on the 16th inst.
The cattle disease has broken out on the
Isthmus. It is not certainly known to be the
Grass-fed beef sells for two cents a pound
in Uruguay, and grass-fed beeves are heavy
at nine dollars a head in Texas.
It costs the Treasury Department from fifty
to a hundred thousand dollars daily for print
Os 600 newspapers started in New York on
ly five survive. So says Horace Greely.
A New German Radical paper has made Its
appearanc in Chicago.
A school master in Albany N. Y. has deen
arrested for breaking a boy’s arm with a rule.
Pilots on the Missouri river get from SI6OO
to SISOO per month,
A series cf rich paintings and engravings
were last at the recent fire in New York.
Preparations are making j,'_to drain the
The Pilgrim’s Progress has been translated
A Miss Adams, cf Danville, Virginia, a ma
ture damsel of seventy-eight, is cutting her
fourth set of teeth.
Beau Hickmaa doubts whether under the
civil rights bill whiskey can be banished from
the Capitol. -
There is no truth in the statements that the
cholera, or epidemics, exist at Key West, Fia.
Anew evening paper will soon be started in
New York, edited by Mr. Charles Sweitzer.
[ in whose hands the Round Table has fallen,
his eider brother having retired from (he field
A .Panorama of “PuaJ:.; Lett,” is oa ex
hibition at Columbus.
Cevor is exhibiting iris etercoscoptican in
The bridge os r the Jestaaaula at Rome,
has been completed.. .
The ladies of Rome will observe the 26th
inst, as a day set apart r the decoration ol
the graves of Confederate soldier,-.
The Duncan trial was i .’turned last Monday.
Dr. B. A. white, one of the oldest and moat
esteemed citizens of Miliedgeyille, died in that
place on Monday, in the seventy-fourth year
cf his age.
General J. P. Simms and his brother A. B.
Simms, were both admitted to the practice of
law in the courts of this State, at tho April
term of Henry Superior Court, now in session
The Georgia Baptist Convention convened
at Macon on yesterday. We learn from the
press of that city that preparation was being
made by the citizens for she accommodation of
distant brethren in attendance ca the Conven
Two freedmea who went down the river,
near Rome last Tuesday, to get sand, wore
Judge H. H. Howard, aa old and valued
citizen of Bibb county, died recently at his
Tho Rome Courier says that a meeting cf
the planters was called at Centre, Cherokee
county, Alabama, a few days since, for the pur
pose of ascertaining the actual wants of the
people. About a hundred men were present,
five sixths of whom, before the war, had been
thrifty farmers. Os this number, only seven
reported that they had corn enough to do
them until the wheat harvest; for a bushel of
corn now they offer a bushel of wheat after
harvest, or tea pounds of cotton next Christ
mas, It is the impression of the Editor that
50,000 bushels of corrpconld bo disposed of in
Rome on these teims, in two weeks ; for Cher
okee county, Ala., is by no means alone in
distress. The whole Cherokee country is
greatly in need of corn.
The remains of Captain John K. Redd, of
the 54ih Georgia regiment, who was killed at
Petersburg, July 1864, and Serg’t W. Richard
Jones, of tho same regiment, who was killed at
Hatcher's Run, in February, 1865, have been
removed to Columbus, for inteiment.
Mr. James Springer, a young printer of Ma
con, well known to the craft as an amiable
man and a good printer, died in that city, of
James A. Render E q., Chairman of the
Committee on Enrollment in the Legislature,
has just been the reclpent of a handsome cane
from Messrs. Waddell, Caudles, Estes, Jobe,
Sanford, Greene and Robson, of "the Clerical
department. Mr. Render is eminently deserv
ing this testimonial, having served for years
in tho enrolling department, and being wiihal
a gentleman of most excellent qualities both
of head and heait.
Georgia had 105,000 s.oidiers in the field, not
including the militia, a portion of whom
fought in the trenches at Atlanta. Twenty
four thousand of these poor fellows fill sol
By His Excellency,
Charles J. Jfxkins,
Governor of Georgia.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, )
Mills dgevi lie April 14, 1866. \
Public attention has doubtless been given to
Circular No. 4, issued on the 6th inst., by
Brigadier General Tillson, A. A. Com’r. Bu
reau Ref. Fr’n. and Abandoned Lauds, and
approved by Brevet Maj. Gen. J. M Brannan,
Commanding Department of Georgia, and to
General Orders No- 17 of Brevet Maj. Gan.
Brannan, of the same date.
By these orders, a large jurisdiction in civil
and criminal case3 whereto Freedmen alone,
or Freedmen and white persons, may be par
ties, heretofore denied to the State Courts, is
yielded to them. As will appear in the sequel,
this does not amount to positive and final
withdrawal of military authority. It is, un
questionably, a highly satisfactory advance ia
the process of restoration to our former po
litical status, which may be followed by a
further advance in tho same direction, or by a
retrograde movement, as circumstances may
indicate. It has been induced mainly by the
delegation of the General Assembly relative
to the status of the Freedmen. It wili not be
lost and may be speedily pushed lurther, if
the Judiciary, jin Courts of inquiry and in
Lour Is of record, the Bench and Jury Box,
give effect to tho letter and spirit of the laws
by them enacted. In the full assurance that
my fellow citizens, official aud unofficial, who
may be called upon to participate in the ad
ministration of Justice, will hold the scales in
perfect equilibrium, as between individuals
and ciasses, I congratulate the people of Geor
gia upon this earnest of coming restoration to
interior self-government. In our condition,
neither conscious rectitude of intention, nor
noisy and unbecoming professions of it, wili
avail aught. Practical demonstrations, which
incredulity itself cannot gainsay, and nothing
less, will work out our redemption.
It is of great importance to us that none
mistake the effect of the President’s recent-
l s ßace Proclamation, and of the orders above
referred to. Our condition is certainly aoo
malous, and mischievous errors might result
from theoretical specu.ation upon those docu
ments. I therefore state as the result of offi
cial intercourse, and of careful examination of
previous orders and circulars, winch are only
modified, not withdrawn :
Ist. That the Agents, in the several coun
ties, of the Free dmen’s Bureau, still have juris
diction in all cases “between I reedmen and
otheig, when the sum invo ved does cot exceed
fifty dollars, exclusive of interest. They may
also take cogn zance of and try alt offences
committed by Freed peop e or against them,
provided the punishment doe3 not _ exceed a
fine of fifty dollars or thirty days imprison
ment at hard labor.” They are also still
charged with the duty of examining and ap
proving or disapproving labor contracts, and
of assisting and protecting, by legal means,
freedmen requiring such aid. rria soy strict
ly military commissions, are dispensed with,
except where the accused is a soldier,_cr the
offence charged, is one agaiLs* the federal
2nd. I have high authority for saying
that “the President’s “Proclamation does not
remove martial law or operate in any way up
on the Freedinen’s Bureau, in tbs exercise of
its legitimate jurisdiction though “it is not
deemed expedient to restore to military tribu
nals in any case where justice can be attained
through the medium of civil authority.” My
impression is, that in case ot mili’ury arrest by
ord rs from Head-Quarters, Department of
Geoigia, interference of state Judges, by
habeas corpus, v .11 not be permitted, finch
orders, 1 believe will bj rarely if ever issued,
I trust conflict will be avoided.
Whilst, therefore, oy thus communicating
reliable information, I t -k to t-uard the w;cie
people against errone: u-’ impressions regaru
inc* the extent to wit ch the Federal Military
authority is relaxed, 1 respectfully call upon
the civil authorities to ai.-uma and to exercise
in perfect fairnt. sand justice, the jurisdiction
clearly restored to them. Calmy aud patien
iy pursuing our now astcn-nug course, let our
acts illustrate our title to inner conndence and
bugler rights. Faithful observance of the
Federal Con-ijtuti- m and impartial administra
tion r.f tho iaw, will best vindicate intentions
honestly entertained, and distinctly expressed,
but cautiously accredited.
Charles J. Jenkins,
I There are 155 National t banks in Penasyl-
[Special Dispatch to the Chronicle & Sentinel ]
Rcciu-truetlon iommltt* e Testimony Closed.
Excitement on the Expected Report.
Washington, April 20, 1866.
The Reconstruction Cummittee have finished
taking testimony, concerning the condition of
the South. They meet to-morrow to decide
upon their reports. Stirring times are expect
ed in Congress oa the reception of the report.
Washington, April 19.
The proceedings of Congress have been un
interesting to day.
The array Peace Establiahmqpt bill has been
Washington, April 20.
The Senate has passed the biil granting in
demnity to officers of the army for acts' com
mitted in aid of the rebellion, and exempting
them from liability to civil courts for such
Washington, April 18.
House —A biil was passed appropriating
$6,483,96 for tho services of James G. Clark,
-Charge d’Affairs at Brnseelis.
Memorials were presented asking land grants
for railroads in Wisconsin and Daeotah terri
"* The Pension bill, and salary of the Commis
sioner of Pensions were discussed.
Washington, April 19.
The colored population, to the number of
probabiy fifteen thousand, to-day celebrated
emancipation in the District of Columbia by a
procession and speeches. They called on the
President, who made a brief address, in which
he said he was a better friend of the blacks
than their pretended friends, who never per
illed life or property in behalf of freedom, but
who ensconced themselves in places of safety.
He spoke of the important duties they have to
perform, and counselled them that they must
show by their conduct that they are worthy
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP VIRGINIA
ASIATIC CHOLERA ON BOARD.
THIRTY- EIGHT DEATHS ON THE PAS
New York, April 19.
The steamship Virginia arrived at quaran
tine with a disease oa board, similar to that
with which the steamphip England is affected
She has over one thousand passengers. Thir.
ty-eighfc persona died on the voyage from
DEATHS FROM CHOLERA AT PORTLAND.
Pgutland, April 19.
A man died hare of cholera ou yesterday,
said to be one of five who escaped from the
THE DISEASE ON THE VIRGINIA.
New Yobk, April 19.
The disease oa board tho steamship Virgin
ia is pronounced by the Health officers to be
Asiatic cholera. She has been removed to the
lower quarantine, and no communication will
be allowed wi'h tho shore.' Tjie disase is oon
fined to the steerage passengers.
ADDITIONAL BY STEAMER VIRGINIA.
New York, April 20.
The Reform Bill agitation continues in En
gland. Gladstone says the Government will
stand or fall on-the issue. Ho bitterly de
nounces the Feniaa des’gaa on tho colonies
and asserts that the whole power of the Gov
erment will assist in their defence.
Prussian relations are unchanged. It is reass
sorted that France is getting together an army
of observation and strengthering her garrison.
The minor German Stateß were arming.
C. C. CLAY GOING HOME.
Fortress Monroe, April 21.
C. C. Clay left heie to-day for his home In
LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET.
New York, April 19.
The Liverpool dates ate to the 7th. Cotton
had declined one half to thiee quarters penny,
for American, and one penny for other quali
ties. Sale3 of the week,
bales. Bales on Friday, seventeen thousand
bales. Sales on Saturday, six thousand bales.
Consols eighty-six aud three-eighths to
e : ghty-six aud a half. &
Five-twenties, seventy-three and a half to
EXPORTS OF COTTON.
New York, April 19,
Th 9 shipment of cotton from this port du
ring the week ending Tuesday, were thirty-one
thousand one hundred bales, including over
eighteen thousand bales to Liverpool.
NEW YORK MARKET.
New York, April 20.
Cotton dull. Sales two hundred and thirty
seven at thirty-3even cents.
Gold 26 J.
Mobile, April 21.
Sales of cotton to=d \y eight hundred bales.
Middling thirty-three to thirty-four cents. Sales
of the week three thousand bales. Receipts of
the week five thousand three hundred and
nitety. three against five thousand fifty-nine
bales last week. Exports ten thousand twenty
four bales. Stock fifty eight thousand four
Latin Mads Cheerful. —Though every gar
den boy is sensible of tb# benefits derived
from a knowledge of the Latin language, they
often shrink from the task because they see
no “fun iu it.” We extract for them the fol
lowing from a London paper, and give the
translation for the beafit of those who wish to
fine out the “color of a white blackberry when
it is green.’’ Wo may add for the benefit of
the boys learned in family history that the
original name of the Elderberry was Samuel
Bucus, or, a3 we used to call him at school for
short, Sambucus. Bat this they will see in
the Latin text :
Morum te mdgrani jnraveris : morum vero
album fecisti. Solvi, vixdum rubum ctesium,
vaecinium tuum myrtilium : teste virgine
berberia circumvolit3Ute, et bacca sam
duci pafre tuo. Daderas et c'oeirographum :
std atramentum oxycoccus pilustris. Equi
dem non peado unius fragarii ribes taxi bac
ca simile : permittem tanen omnibus chiococ
cum, te rubum Idseum pre-sos exrtitissee „• vac
c-inum autem, senior, die, which is translated :
You may swear y urself black, Berry, but
you have made a mu l ,], Berry. I paid your
bill, Berry, as soon as due, Berry ; as the
young woman in the bar, Berry, and your fa
ther, the elder Berry, know. I don’t care a
straw, Berry, for a goose, Berry, like you,
: Berry ; but I'll let folks know, Berry, that you’
I 73 made yourself a regular ass, Berry, and
j whort’ll B;rry senior say ?
.WEEKLY liEViEW OF TiiE AUGUSTA
FOR THE WEEK EX. INU APRIL 21ST.
REMARKS. —Our market has been rather
dull during the last week, and we have few
changes to report. Cotton goods are a shade
easier, and corn has advanced 5 cents. Bacon
is rather easy, but we have not altered our
GROWING CROPS.—The spring, though
late, has been favorable in this section for the
preparation of land and the planting of crops.
It is too early to speak of cotton, as our plan
ters are not yet done planting iu this section.
Our correspondence from Southern Georgia
repiesents the crop as generally up,with a good
and promising stand. The late rains are bring
ing corn forward rapidly while the growth of
wneat is almost magical. The breadth
grain sown is very large, and the promise flat
tering fora heavier yield than has been realized
since “the great crop year” of 1857. Those
who have saved their mills from the havoc of
the war are looking forward to an active sea
son, and business circles will derive material
relief from the revenue of this staple, which
is realized during the summer when other
business is stagnant,
FINANCIAL. —There has been a steady in
quiry for securities, with no material change in
rates. We note sales of city of Augusta Bonds
at 85 cents, Georgia Railroad Stock at 88 cents
Our brokers are buying gold at 1 27 and
selling at 1 28. Silver, buying at 1 20, sell
ing at 125. The following are the current
rates for bank notes :
Augusta Insurance and Banking Cos Ca 8
Bank of Augusta 39a40
Bank ot Athens. .45a
Bank of Columbus.* '.lßa
Bank of Commerce * 6a 7
Bank of Fulton 38a40
Bank of the Empire State 20a22
Bank of Middle Georgia '. ~B6aoo
Bank of Savannah 35a00
Bank of State Georgia 24a00
Central R. R. and Banking Company.. ,96a00
City Bank of Augusta 25*00
Farmers’ and Mechanics’ Bank 10*00
Georgia R. R, and Banking Company 96a00
Marine Bank -.. .85a00
Mechanic!’ Bank 7a 9
Merchants’ and Planters’ Bank 7a 9
Planters’ Bank. 14a00
Timber Cutters’' Bank saoo
Union Bank 7a 8
SOUTH CAROLINA BANKS.
Bank of Cainden 33a35
Bank of Charleston 18*00
Bank of Chester 20a00
Bank of Georgetown 18a00
Bank of Hamburg 17a00
Bank of Newberry ,40a00
Bank of South Carolina 15*00
Bank of the State of So Ca., old issue.. ,16al8
Bank of the State of So. Ca., new issue.. saoo
Commeicial Bank, Columbia 18a00
Exchange Bank, Columbia 18a00
Farmers’and Exchange saoo
Merchants’, Cheraw... a 18a00
People’s Bank ..40s00
Planters’ Bank 16a17
Planters’ & Mechanics’ Bank 18a00
South Western Railroad 40a00
State Bank saoo
Union Bank 60a62
OLD BONDS, ETC.
Old Georgia State Bonds, in demand 85
Old Geoigia Coupons 80
Georgia Railroad bonds 95
Georgia Railroad stock 88
Central Railroad bonds, iu demand 95
Central Railroad stock 98
City of Augusta bonds, in demand 84a85
City of Augusta notes 95
ARTIFICIAL MANURES—There is no
change, and little demand, aud we renew quo
tations, as follows; Hoyt’s Phosphate, S6B
per ton ; Rhodes’ do., $75 ; Soluble Pacific
Guano, SBS ; Baugh’s Raw Bone Phosphate,
S7O ; Peruvian Guano is quoted $l3O, but the
supply is exhausted. Calcareous Nitre, S3O
BACON.—Stocks are a little in excess of tho
demand, and prices are rather easy. We quote
B. B. sides 17 a 18, clear sides, 19a20 ; shoul
ders, 14i15; hams, 24 cents.
BAGGING AND ROPE.—These articles are
dull and neglected. We have reduced our
quotations, as follows: Kentucky, Power Loom,
per yard, 27 ; Gunny, per yard, 28 ; Baling
Rope, per pound, 20 to 21 cents.
BROOMS.—Per dozen, $4 75.
BUTTER.—State, per pound, 55; Goshen,
65 per pound.
COTTON -Welsft the market in our last week
ly repoit, with a fair inquiry for the better
grades, the ruling figures being 32 cents. On
Monday there were no sales, and on Tuesday
the market assumed a more settled tone and
we quoted middling 30, strict middling 31, and
good middling 32. Since that time there has
been a fair demand, without change in prices,
and we give the above as representing the cur
rent rates at the close.
COTTON GOODS.—There is a tendency to
lower rates, but we have not changed quota
tions, save in Montour Mills, which are J cent
lower. The following are the quotations:
Augusta Factory 7-8 Shirtings 18c
“ 4 -4 Sheetings 22c
“ 7 8 Drills 24c
Montour Factory 7-8 Shirtings 17c
“ 4-4 Sheetings 21e
Yams $2 50a2 75
CANDLES —Stearine, per pound, 25; Star,
per pound, 28; Adamantine, per pound.
Sperm, per pound, —.
CANDlES.—Stewart’s twenty-five; pound
boxes, assorted, per pound, 37£, 5 pound
boxes, mixed, 50; 5 pound boxes Gum Drops,
50; 5 pound boxes, Wine Drops, 65.
CHEESE.—State per lb 24; Eng.ish dairy
28 to 30.
CIGARS—Good American per M; $30a140
00; Havanna, imported, per, M , s74a
CRACKERS.—Water, 15; eoda, 16; but
ter, 16; sugar, 18; fancy, 23.
COFFEE. —The supply is equal to the de
mand, at 26a30 for Rio, 40 to 47 for Java.
DRY GOODS.—Our market is well supplied
—indeed we have seldom seen stocks so varied
or attractive, and country merchants will find
our merchants anxious to sell at fair rates.
by Mr. William H. Tutt, Wholesale Druggist:
Copperas, 6c; Spanish Indigo, $1 75a2 00; Mad
der, 18c ; Bi Carb Soda, 14c ; Sulpher 10c ;
Anato 75c ; Asatoetida 25c to 550 ; Balsam
Capavia $1 25 ; Borax 45c ; Brimstone 8c ;
Gum Camphor, $1 60 ; Castor Oil, $4 50; Chlo
rate Potash, 75c; Cream Tartar. 35aC0c; Epsom
Salts, 8c , Gum Arabic, 55a$l 25 ; Morphine,
$lO per oz ; Opium, sll ; lodide Potash,
$5 50 ; White Load, 15 to 20c ; Spirits Tur
pentine, $1 25; Copal Varnish, $4 50; Machin
ery oii, $2 00 ; Tanner’s do, $1 to 1 50 ; Damar
Varnish, $5 00 ; Japan Varnish, $3 50 ; Coach
Varnish, $5 00 ; Asphaltum Varnish, $2 50a
5 00 ; Chrome Green, 30a40c ; Chrome Green,
25a40c ; Vecet. Red, 8c; Spanish Whiting, Bc.
EGG'S ln demand at 30 to 55 centg.
FLOUR.—The supply is fully equal to the
demand, with no change in prices. We quote J 0
to 10 50 for superfine, extra Sllail2s; extra
family 13 a 13J , Stovall’s Excelsior mills,
■ Augusta canal sl2, supeifine sl4 ; extra sls ;
; double extra, sl7 ; Granite mills, canal sl2;
: superfine Slo ; family sl4 ; extra sl7.
j GRAIN —Arrivals of corn have been pretty
! large, but they have b ’Oil readily taken at an
! advance of 5 cents on cur last figures. Wo
quote SI 50 to 1 55. Oats are in good demand
at 80 to 85 cents.
HIDES —All offered are readily taken at 4
cents for green and 10 cents for dry.
HAY.—There is a large supply, and only a
moderate demand for u e at $2 o(>a2 25 per
IRON.—Refined 9to 10 cents. Swedes iron
10 to 11 cents. Sheet iron 121 cents. Nail
LARD—Stocks arc equal to the demand, and
we quote 18J to 20c tor pressed, 21a22 for
LEATHER.—Quotations have a wide range,
according to. quality, as follows : Sole 30a60;
harness, 40a75; kip skins, 60a$l 25 ; calf skins
LlME.—Rockland, per barrel, $4 CO.
MACKEREL.—There is an ample supply in
maiket, and we quote : No. 1, in bareells.
none ; No. 2, sl9 50; half barrels No i, $lO 75 ;
No. 2, $lO ; kits No, 1, $3 50; No. 2, $3 25.
KEROSENE LAMPS.—Largo supply in
market, at any desired price fiom $6 to S6O
NAILS.—Per keg, $8 to $9.
OlLS.—Kerosene, 90c tosl 00 per gallon.
ONIONS.—Per barrel—dull and irregular at
$2 50 to $4 00.
POTATOES.--Sweet, per bushel, sl6oul 75.
Irish, s4as per barrel.
POTASH.—Iu cans, per lb, 35c.
RAGS.—Per lb 4 to 5 cents.
RlCE.—Supply limited, with good demand,
at 15 cents.
SALT.—The stock is large, and tho article
is very duil at $2 to $2 25.
SHOT.—Per bag S3a3 50.
SUGAR.—We quote common Cuba browns,
at 12$ to 15c; C, 16Ja17 ; B, 17$al8 ; A, 18al9,
good yellow a shade lower. Crushed 18J, and
TEAS.—Hyson, per lb, $1 50; gunpowder,
$1 75a2 25; black, $1 50.
TOBACCO.—Smoking, per lb, sfta6oc,5 ft a6oc, black
10’s 25c; sweet 10's 50c, common brands 50c;
medium bright, 50a75c; fine 75a$l 00.
TWlNE—Bagging, per lb, 40; wrapping,
(Jute) 375; cotton, 35.
WHISKEY. - The market has been almost
suspended for some weeks, on account of the
State tax of 20 cents per gallon, including the
first quarter of the current year ; and wo have
not- given quotations. The Governor has just
notified a committee of merchants of this city
that for the present the tax on the first quar
ters’sales are suspended. Tho market is ir
regular, and wo quote $2 50 to $4, according
La Grange, April 19.
Prices havo a downward tendency. Tho
best grades are quoted at 23£c,
Newberry, April 17.
Cotton in good demand. Prices range from
18 to 25C.
Mobile, April 17.
Sales of six hundred bales at 34 cents for
Memphis, April 19.
Quiet. Ordinary 23c, good middling 33c.
* Macon, April 19.
Market inactive. Ruling figures 25a28c.
Montgomory, April 20.
Fair Dem&nd. Few sales at 26a27£c.
Nashville, April 20.
Market steady. All offered was freely taken
Wardsw orth, Hazlitt aud Lamb.
From Miss Kate Field’s pleasant paper on
♦ha laei days of Walter Savage Laudor, in the
April number of the Atlantic Monthly, we
copy these interesting reminiscences of three
eminent English authors.
I once asked Laudor to describe Words
worth’s personal appearance. He laughed and
replied : “The best description I can give you
of Wordsworth is the one that Hazlitt. gave
me. Hazlitt’s voice was very deep and gruff,
and be peppered his sentences very bounti -
fully with sirs.’’ In speaking to me of Words
worth, he said : “Well, sir, did you ever see
ahorse, sir?” “Yes.’’ “Then sir you have
seen Wordsworth, sir ! lls looks exactly like
a horse, sir, and a very lon* faced horse •at
that, sir And he did look like a horse, ad
Tbosß who have seen good likenesses of
Wordsworth will readily remark this resem
blance. A greater length of ear would liken
the Lake poet to an animal of less dignity.
Continuing the conversation thus begun,
Landor eaid : “I saw a great deal of Hazlitt
when he was in Florence. He called upon me
frequently, and a funny feiiow he was. He
used to say to me : “Mr. Landor, I iike you,
sir,— l like you very much, sir,—you’re an
honest man, sir, hut I don’t approve sir, of a
great deaf that you have written, sir. You
must reform some of your opinions, sir.’’—
And again Laudor laughed with great good
“I regret that I saw Charles Lamb but
once;” replied Landor, in answer to many
questions asked concerning this delighturi
man and writer. “Lamb sent word by
Southey,” (I think it was Southey) “that he
would be very happy to see me, whereupon
we made him a visit. He then retired from
the India House, and lived at Enfield. He was
most charming in conversation, and bis smile
impressed'me as being particularly genial. His
sister also was a very agreeable person.
DuriDg my visit, Lamb rose, went to a table
in the centre of the room, and took up a book,
out of which he read sioud. Soon shutting it,
he turned to me, saying: “I3 not what 1 have
been reading exceedingly good?’’ “Very
good,’’l replied. Thereupon Limb burst out
laughing and exclaimed : ‘Did one ever know
so conceited a man as Mr. Landor ? He has
actually praised his own ideas?’’ It was now
my turn to laugh, as I had not the slightest
remembrance of having written what Lamb
Are there many to whom the following
lines will not be better than new ?
“Once, and only|once, have I seen thy face,
Ella ! once only has thy tripping tongue
Run o’er my breast, yet never has been left
Impression on its stronger or more sweet.
Cordial old man ! what youth was in thy years,
What wisdom in thy levity ! what truth
In every utterance of that purest soul !
Few are the spirits of the glorified
I’d spring to earlier at the gate of Heaven.”
Judge Underwood’s Decision.— Judge Un
derwood, of the United States District Court
for Virginia, has published a card to cor
rect a perverted report of one of his recent
opinions in a habeas corpus case. Judge Un
derwood says :
In that opinion 1 did not express a doubt of
the loyalty of the late Peace Proclamation ;
nor was it legally called in question by any one
connected with the case, nor did I express the
opinion that the writ of habeas corpus could
not be executed in one State while it was sup
pressed in another; but the very contrary
opinion. My opinion simply was that the late
Peace Proclamation of President Lincoln, sus
nending in certain cases the writ ia the Status
lately in insurrection, and stated that the
Peace Proclamation did not include Texas,
and that it had, and was not intended to have,
so broad and general an application as the pe
titioner supposed, and therefore refused to
ant his prayer.
Green, the murderer of me Cishier of the
Malden, Mast., Bank was executed on the 13. h.
Kx Gov Todd pronounces the use ot his
name, as Vice President of the Johnson club,
unauthorized. - "•P" < M| vjagj