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The Atlanta weekly post. (Atlanta, Ga.) 1878-1???, August 18, 1881, Image 1

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“UN L ' somet S jfegh, (J A Hungarit tdl Ml Ml ’tywJ Y®* B s occupying a J fflic Manta wmif < - -../J VOLUME 111 Atlanta Wrhlg Offices Weekly Post, 32 and 35 Broad Street. ATLANTA, GA., AUG. 18, 1881. CIRCULATION. Iu April, 1880, the present innnnger took charge of the Weekly Post. .The following I shown the actual mail circulation ’or the Hist year, through the Atlanta postoffiee : Atlanta. Ga., June 28,1881. No. of pounds Weekly Post mailed by E. Y. Clarke from Ap 11 Ist, 1880, to April Ist. 1881. » 040 lt>< Postage SIBO 80. Kee’U payment, Wallace Rhodes, Chief Mailing Clerk. The post weighs 13 to a pound, which gives 117,520 Copies. This 1s oxci tisively t he number sent through the mails by the publisher Thousands were mailed by others or distributed otherwise, running the circulation up to at least, one hundred and fijly thousand copies. The Penitentiary Debate. The Weekly Post, containing a ten col hinn report of the great debate on the Penitentiary, will be sent pris'-paid, or will be delivered to any one, if nt on ;;e applied for, at 5 cents per copy. A STATEMENT OF F itT. An experience never before known to a Georgia journal is just now enjoyed by the Weekly Post. The members of the Leg islature have given it over eighteen hun dred subscriptions for theii constituents, who are of coureG the best people of their counties. This circulation added to our previous large one makes the Post the best medium in Georgia for advertisers or pub lic men to reach the masses. At least 10,- 000 Georgians will read this issue of the Weekly Post. THE PENITENTIARY. We present our readers this week with a very fine report of the great, debate on the penitentiary occurring in the House last week. The report covers about ten col umns, and is the best printed in Atlanta by any journal since the Legislature as sembled. We doubt not that at an early day the pres ent system, if not abolished will have to be very radically changed. A Sta'e has a right to dispose of the labor of the convict but not his management. Whenever it does the latter, it destroys one fundamen tal idea of a true penitentiary system —the reformatory idea. The bill passed by the House providing a board of managers is a step forward, and therefore a good one. We regret that we could not give the speeches in full. The chairm;.n of the , •■■fuHary vomiAittee, cir.',Tu ner, of Bartow, in supporting the action of < the committee made one ofthe most thrilling and eloquent addresses ever heard in the , Capital. The entire debate was one ol great ability, and evoked profound at'en tion and emotion. But the reader however, will discover this from the speeches. NEWS ITEIIS. A gentleman writing from Cartecay, Ga., says, that the people there want some tem perance bill passed. > President Garfield is in a critical state. He eats.nothing, but has liquid food injected into him. See account elsewhere, • A Mr. H. P. Dooley, of Arkansas, claims to have invented a perfect' cotton picking machine. May the Lord bless him if he has. One man and two horses only are required to work it. WILL GET ALONG. Mr. Kenner, of Kenner, Tibbs & Co. the largest shippers of dressed poultry in Atlanta, says that Atlanta will come ui fully to all the demands of the Expositioi and its crowds in the way of eatables— turkeys, chickens, eggs, and like toothsomi things, and at no greatly increased prices Oc-omeo Foil*, On October 10th the Oconee County Fair beeins. They are making big prepara lions for it, and a big crowd is expected. The horse Tom Bollin is on the ground. Hamilton Female College. Our readers will have noted the pictun of this handsome building in our paper It is one of the firn st institutions of th' South and has established a high reputa tion. It is so well known that it is unneces sary for us to enlarge upon its merits. It is in the healthiest section of that noble old State, Kentucky. Virginia Military InHtllnte. Established some forty years ago after the general plau of the United States mil itary academy at West Point, the above in stitution has made much character ns a superior place for students. Over 1,200 cadets have graduated there, and many ol them have arrived at. distinction iu theii ehosen professions. The institution is lo cated at Lexington. Card From Mr. Ntrotlier. Atlanta, Aug. 4th, 1881. Mr. E. Y. Clarke, Editor Weekly Post : Deak Sir: I see in your paper of to-day a lull report of the discussion of July 2-th in the Representative Hall, upon a bill al lowing tenants to make a pauper’s affidavit against levying by distress warrants. As 1 ■— am not correctly reported, 1 will state cor rectly my questions. I thought the bill would create a much greater evil than the . one it sought to remedy, and therefore pro pounded the following: K Ist. Do not our present laws furnish am pie protection to tenants, by throwing open the courts of the State to them, to project suits against landlords for the recovery ol any damages they may sustain in such business relations ? 2d. Suppose, a landlord, by signing a homestead waiver, makes arrangements with his merchant for supplies for his ten ants; and at the end of the year, under the provisions of this bill, his tenants file pau per affidavits and hang up in the courts all the property by which the landlord could make his rents, and by appealing keep it there six months or longer. What would be the fate of the landlord if his merchant should keep him to a settlement at the end of the year, and his only resource was the rents due him by his tenants ? A. E. Strother. Sufferers, Head This. If you are afflicted with Neuralgia or Head ache. you can be speedUy-Telieved by taking Hie specific Neuralgtne. Hpeedy in its ae on, entirely free from Op um and other ni'r voUca, it commends Itself Ln being as inno mnt as efficient. SiUTEHISON <t BRO., pro prUtars, Atlauta> Bold by all Diugglsu. GEORGIA LEGISLATURE. Tliirty-iirst Day, Tlmrsslny, Anj. 11. [Atlanta Weekly Post RCport.r SENATE. Resolutions passed by the agricul'ural convention at Rome, asking the general as sembly to grant the Cole charter and en courage the propagation of carp were read. Bills were read the second time. Bills were then taken up for a third read ing. The following bill was read : A bill to fix the fees of public weighers of rotton and to punish the taking of ex cessive fees. The majority report was adverse to, and minority report was in favor of its passage. Mr. Fouche moved the adoption of the minority report. Before the close of the discussion of the bill the senate suspended in order to go in to joint session for the election of a judge and solicitor for the new judicial cireuit, after which the senate adjourned to 10 o’clock a. tn., to-day. HOUSE On motion of Mr. Davis of Lumpkin, a bill to appropriate $20.(100 to rebuild the North Georgia agricultural college, at Da lonega, was made the special order of next Wednesday. The special order ofthe day was the con sideration of a bill to incorporate the Cin cinnati and Georgia railroad company (the bill commonly known as the Cole charter). The amendments offered by the commit tee were read. Rep. Branson of Bartow, offered amend ment making charter void if railroad is not built in three years. Agreed to. Rep. Jemison offered an amendment that no competing corporation should become interested in the railroad thus chartered and if any such corporation should become interested in it, then the charter should be ipso facto null and void. R p. Barrow said the amendment weut a long ways, and dictates to citizens of Georgia what property they shall not own. On this line we shall soon reach the point where we • say to a man who owns land in one county that lie shall not own land in another county. The amendment of Mr. Barrcw to the amendment of Mr. Jemison, was adopted. Mr. Rankin, of Gordon, offered a substi tute for the amendment that no person in terested in this road should be interested in any way or capacity in the Western and Atlantic Railroad. Mr- Barrow —One word. That is a kitten out of the same litter as the amendment of the gentleman from Bibb. [Laughter.] Mr. Rice, of Fulton—Would not that amendment exclude persons now interested in the State Road lease? Mr. Ba row —Why, of course. Mr. Rice—l understand that Colonel Cole has a small interest iu the lease, and this would exclude him from going ahead iu this work. The amendment of Mr. Rankin was lost The amendment offered by Mr. Jemison and amended by Mr. Barrow was agreed to. Mr. Jemison offered an amendment U the section providing for the forfeiture o! took which declared that no more stock shall be forfeited than an amount equal tc that calk d tor and not paid. Agreed to. Rep. Turner, of Monroe, moved to recon -ider the action of the house in adopting the amendment offered hy Rep. Jeaiison. de argued that it' would virtually kill the charter. A person owning a controllins- Merest in a competing line would be the very person who would wish this charter forfeited, and he could, by purchasing one hare in this road, forfeit its charter. Rep. Jemison said that the amendment -elated to a controlling’interest in the new line, as well as in other railroads. Rep. Milner, of Bartow, favored the mo tion to reconsider. By such a clause thi stale had probably lost half a million dol ars in the sale of the Macon and Brunswick railroad. 1 hope the house will reconsider his amendment and vote it down. Rep. Turner’s motion to reconsider pre vailed. Rep. Barrow moved to amend the amend ment by making it read that no persons o: corporations owning a controlling interest u any other railroad should own a controll ing interest in this line- Agreed to. On the final passage of the bill the yeas were 124, nays 25. Y’eas—Adderton, Anderson of Cobb, An lerson of Newton, Arrington, Awtry, Bacon of Chatham, Barrow, Basinger, Bates, Beatty, Bennett, Bird, Branch, Branson, Brewer, Brinson, Bull, Burch, Cameron, Barter, Carithers, Christie, Clark, Cook, Jrumbley, Davis, of Habersham, Davis, ol Lumpkin, Denton, Dußignon, DuPree ol Macon, DuPree of Pike. Dyer, Dykes, Ed wards; Estees, Farnell, Feagin, Elynt, Ford lam, Foster, Fuller, Garraid, Glover, Good rich, Hale, Heard, Heath, Hester, Hill dillyer, Hunt, Jackson of Carroll, Jackson >f Richmond, James, Johnson, of Lee, Jones if Baker, Jones, of DeKalb, Julian, Kina ;ey, Lamar, Lamb. Lonnon Lester. L wis. Little, Maddox, Martin of Houston, Martin of Talbot, Mays of Butts. Mcßride of Me Jlellan, Mclntosh, McKinney, McLsod, McLucas, Middlebrook, Miller, Mitchell, vlilner, Moore of Hancock, Moore of Taliaferro, Morrow, Nichols; Northern, Orr. Palrnour, Park, Patterson, Peek, Perkins Price. Quillian, Rainey, Rowlius, Render, Bice, Richie, Robins, Roney, Sapp. Scruggs, Shockley. Singleton, Silinan, Smith ofOgte horpe, Spence, Spearman, StandforJ. Stapleton, Story, Strother, Summerlin Sumner, Sweat, Thompson, Turner cl l-'loyd, Turner of Monroe, Turnipseed, Twiggs, Walker of Berrien, Walker of .Tas tier, VVhittie, Wilkinson, Wilson of Greene, 'Vingfield, Winslow, Withrow, Wright, Youngblood, Zachry, Zellars —134. Nays—Barnes. Broyles, (Crozier, Daniel. Dial, Gaskins, Gray, Hall, Hammond, Henry, Hightower of Early, Hightower ot Stewart, Jemison, Keil, Kennedy, Mat thews, McClure, Post, Randolph. Smith of Union Tharpe, Walker of Crawford. Wheel dr, Willingham, Wilson of Bulloch—2s. JOINT SESSIONS. The senate entered the hall of the house at 12 o’clock, and President Boynton in the chair, the election of a judge and solicitor general of the Northeastearn circuit was declared in order. For judge, Mr. Silman of the house, nominated Hon. W. L. Marler, seconded by Mr. Estes of the house. Rep. Davis, of Habersham, nominated Judge C. II Button, of Habersham, second ed by Mr. Mosely of the senate. Mr. Guerry of the senate, nominated lion. C. J. Wellborn, of Union, seconded by Mr. Davis, of Lumpkin. Judge Well born was elected. The vote stood, Wellborn, 141 ; Marier. 41; Sutton. 11. The election for solicitor-general was next in order. Mr. Price, of the senate, nominated R H. Baker, of Lumpkin, seconded by Mr. Lamar, of the house. Mr. Polhill of the house, nominated Mr. H. W. J. Ham, of Hall, seconded by Mr- Raney, of the house. Mr. Butt, of the senate, nominated W, 8. Erwin, of Habersham, seconded by Mr. Barrow, of Clarke. Mr. Estes, of the house, nominated W. F. Findlay, of Hall, but withdrew his name during the ballot and voted for Ham The ballot stood: Ham 71; Erwin, 64;. Baker, 54. Changes began and went on rapidly, Baker’s votes leaving him and going to Erwin and Ham. The final result was Er win, 89; Ham, 83; Baker, 22; Findlay, 2. Mr. Price withdrew the name of Mr. Ba ker. The second ballot resulted in the elec tion of Mr. Erwin, he receiving 171 votes to 81 for Ham. The joint session then dissolved and the house adjourned. Thirty-Second liny—Friday Aug. 12. SENATE. The bill which was under discussion at the close of the session Thursday was again taken uo. This was a bill to fix the fees of public weighers of cotton, making the same ten cents for the first weighing and fife cents for the second weighing. After a considerable amount of discus sion the minority report, which was favor able to the passage of the bill, was agreed to, and the bill was tibled for the present. Mr. Jordan moved to take from the tab'e the house bill in relation to the place of holding the sheriff sales of Baldwin county, The bill was taken up and passed.- Bills were read the second time: A message was received from the house notifying the senate of the passage of the bill granting the Rome railroad charter. HOUSE. Mr. Dußignon. of Baldwin, on behalf of the majority of tho committee ou the luna tic asylum made a report setting forth the , need of larger accommodations at the , asylum and recommending the enlarge ment of the present buildings rather than the establishment of a branch asylum. , A minority report, signed by Rep. Davis of Habersham,recommended the establish- < meat of a branch asylum at Gainesville or , elsewhere, and submitted a proposition to . donate ground. 'J he majority report appropriates $165,- , 000 to erect new buildings in Milledgeville. ] On motion of Bep. Dußignon the reports , and an accompanying bill were referred to the committee on the lunatic asylum. The committee on finance reported in favor of paying the claim of Thomas L. [ Sneed tor services to the state in settling- f with Henry Clews & Co. The finance committee also reported in favor of a bill to erect a new capitol, Calling of the roll of the counties. Rep. Summerlyn of Washington—A bill to incorporate the Middle Georgia railroad, referred. Rep. Wheeler,'of Walker—A bill to levy a tax on dealers in iron safes. Refer red. Rep. Bull, of Troupe—bill ta require re cords of sales under mortgages. Referred. Rep. Story, of Marion, —A bill to enlarge the authority of county officers in charge ol paupers. Referred. Rep. Johnson, of Lee —A bill to amend section 1286 of the code fixing the day ol holding state elections. Referred. Rep. Miller, of Houston—-A bill to amend section 3608 of the code. Referred. Rep. Rankin, of Gordon—A bill to amend section 3213 of the code as to bills of exception. Referred. A bill to authorize municipal authorities to provide for forfeiting bonds given to mu nicipal courts. Referred. Rep. Wright, of Floyd—A bill to amend section 4538 of the code. Referred. Rep. Awtry, of Carroll —A bill to incor porate the New Hope M. E. church, in Car roll county. Referred. Rep Walker, of B rrien—A bill to incor porate the town of Alpha, in Berrien coun ty. Referred. Rep. Summerlin, of Washington—-A bill to prohibit the sale of liquor within three miles of Davisboro Baptist church in Wash ington county. Rep. Mays, of Richmond—A bill to abolish county court of Richmond. Re erred. Rep. McCants, of Taylor—A bill to ex tend the time of rhe court of Tay lor county.' Referred Rep. Hutchins, of Gwinett —A bill to en able trustees ofthe Sta'e university to give free tuition. Referred. Rep. Miller, of Houston—A bill to direct the treasurer to keep separate all money received trom the sale of any public prop ertv of the state. Referred. Rep. Davis, of Habersham, submitted a • eport from the committee appointed tc consider the question of receiving the U. S 34 per cent, bonds in payment tor balance due on Macon and Brunswick railroad. The committee recommended that these bonds be not received. The house resumed the unfinished busi less of Wednesday. A bill to provide for the better manage ment, regulation and control of the convicts of this state. Rep. Mdler, of Houston, offered an amendment to the substitute off.-red by Mr. Reese, which was adopted. It required that the managers be elected by the legisla ture. On the final passage of the bill the yeas were 97 to nays 44. Yeas—Bacon of Chatham, Barnes, Bar row, Bassinger, Bates, Bennett. Bird, Bran son, Brinson, Bull, Cameron, Carithers Clark, Cook, Daniel, Dial, Dußignon, Du- Pree of Macon, DuPree of Pike, Dykes. Edwards, Estes, Fiynt, Foster, Fuller. Gar •■ard, Glover, Goodrich, Hammond, Heath Hester, Hightower of Early, Hightower of Stewart, Hill, Hillyer, Hunt, Hutchins, Jackson of Richmond, James, Janes, Jemi son, Johnson of Lee, Jones of Baker, Jones if DeKalb, Julian, Kennedy, Kimsey, La 'mar, Lamb, Lonnon, Little, Maddox, Mar tin of Talbot, Matthews, Mavs of Richmond McClure, Mclntosh, McKinney, McLeod, McLucas, Middlebrook, Miller, Milner, Nichols, Peck, Perkins, Post, Reese, Ren ier. Rice, Richie, Robins, Roney, Scruggs, Singleton, Silinan, Smith of Oglethorpe, Smith of Union, Spence, Spearman, Stand ford, Summerlin, Sumner, Sweat, Turner of Floyd, Turner of Monroe, Turnipseed, Twiggs, Walker, of Crawford. Whittle, Wil liams, Williugham, Wilkinson, Wingfield Wright, Youngblood, Zellars —97. Nays—Adderton, Anderson of Cobb, Ar rington, Awtry, Beatty, Branch, Broyles, Burch, Carter. Crozier, Crumbley, Davis of Habersham, Davis of,Lumpkin. Day. Den ton, Farnell. Feagin, Gaskins, Gray, Henry, Keil, Lester, Lewis, Martin of Houston, Mcßride, McCants, McClellan, Mitehell, N’orthern, Orr, Palmoar. Price. Quillian, Rainey, Rawlins, Shockley, Stapleton, I’harpe, Thompson, Walker of Berrien, Wilson of Bulloch, Winslow, Withrow, Zach ry—44. Thirty-Third Day—Smturday Ang. 13. Atlanta Weekly I'osr Report. 8 EX ATE. There was no session of the senate. HOUSE. Mr. Mcßride, of Haralson, moved to re consider the action of the house in passing the bill to secure the better management of the convicts in this state. Mr. Hammond, of Thomas, favored the motion to reconsider, that the salaries of managers might be reduced. Mr. Turner, of Monroe —ls economy the policy of the state rather than efficiency 7 Mr. Hammond —that is a question on which each man has his own views. Mine are clearly fixed. I think we can justly save something in this case, and I am in favor of doing so. Mr. Turner, of Monroe, said the argu ment of Mr. Hammond was extraordinary. The salaries provided in the bill are not too large for the labor and responsibility of these offices. The motion to reconsider prevailed by 57 yeas to 47 nays. Mr. Hammond offered an amendment to strike out $2,000 per annum and insert $1,500 as the salary. Agreed to. The bill was then passed as amended by 98 years to 33 nays. The special order was the consideration of a bill to incorporate the Rome Southern railroad from Rome to the Florida line th the direction of St. Marks, with branches to Macon, Columbus, Greenville and Bruns wick. The committee on corporations reported in favor of the passage of the bill us amend ed. Mr. Estes, of Hall, moved to amend by striking out the word ‘ perpetual" in the charter, and limiting it to 59 years. Agreed to. ’ k Mr. Jemison offered to amend session 14 ATLANTA, GEORGIA THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1881. so as to require $500,000 to be subscribed in two years, ihe road, to.be completed in five, years and the work to be commenced i£ three years, and vigorously supported it. Lost. Mr. Jemison said the house ought to heed the wise warning of General Toombs not to grant too much power to corpora tions. Mr. Mcßride offered an amendment as to the route of the line through Polk and Har rison counties. Agreed to. The bill then passed by 103 yeas to 12 nays • The house adjourned to Monday. Thirty loitrtli Day, Monday, August 15. [Atlanta Weekly Post Report.] SENATE. The house resolution for the appointment of a joint committee of five from the house and three from the senate to investigate the sale of the Macon and Brunswick rail-' road was the special order for the day and was accordingly taken up. Rep. Hawes moved that the senate de cline to concur in the resolution. Several addresses were made after which the question was put and the resolution was not concurred in. The vote stood 23 against and 12 for the resoluiion. Rep. Guerry introduced a bill to provide an additional mode for the enforcement of liens in favor of contractors, etc. The bill was referred to the committee on judiciary. House bills were read the first time. Bills were read the second time. A bill to change and extend the corporate imits of town of Cedartown. Lost under adverse report of committee. HOUSE. Rep. Render, of Meriwether, for Rep. Hester, of Dougherty—A bill to incorpor ate the Albany, Atlantic and Gulf trans portation company. Referred. Rep. James, of Douglass —A bill to in corporate the independent order of “Obcdi enis.” Referred. Rep. Northern, of Hancock —A bill to create a board of commissioners of roads and revenues for Hancock county. Re ferred. Also, a bill to require the registration of all voters in Hancock county. Referred. Rep. Middlebrook, of Newton —A bill to incorporate the Covington and North Geor gia railroad company. Referred. Rep. Lamar, of Pulaski—A resolution to provide for sale of all lands connected with Macon and Brunswick railroad which were not sold with the road. Referred. Senate bills for first reading referred. The following senate bills were adversely reported and lost on second reading: Bill to amend general county court act. A bill to authorize jury commissioners to strike from the jury lists all persons dis qualified, Senate amendments to several house bills were cocurred in. House bills on third reading were in order, Rep. Turner, of Floyd—A bill to incor porate the Rome and Carrolton railroad. The amendments proposed by the com tnittee were agreed to. Rep. Stanford, of -Harris —A bill to authorize the trustees of the State urriver. sity to accept as a branch of that institution a college of agriculture and mechanic arts, to be established at Hamilton. I'he com mittee reported a substitute for the bill, which,, included a similar cojlfge at Roiiie,., R*p 5 -dUfiUnroelft eliairman"bf, the edmmittee on education, opposed thej Rep. Barrow, of Clark, moved to amend the first section, providing that any appro priations which might, hereafter-.be made to the new colleges should be taken from all the other colleges supported by the state. Rep. Mitchell, of Gwinnett, from the com mittee on education, faVored the bill. Rep. Stanford, the author of the bill, ar gued in favor of its passage. i -.Sf..- Rep. Dußignon. of Baldwin.- differed an amendment that moneys taken from other branch colleges to support these new col leges should.be pro rated. Adopted. Rep. Barrow’s ami nd incut. as amended was adopted. On motion <f Mr. S’anf’rd, the bill was made special order for Mr. Hillyer. of Enlton— A b fi to declare the lien of judgements renderc-i in justices courts and to require their record iu office of clerk of superior court in certain cases The substitute offered by committee wqs adopted in lieu of original bill. Ren. Hillyer supported his bill, and pend ing his remarks the house adjourned to 9 o’clock Tuesday. FlJlrfy-Firtli I>ay—Tuesflay Aug. 10 [Atlanta Weekly Post Report.] . SENATE. The special order of the day was the bill entitled an act, to regulate the sale of spir ituous intoxicating liquors in the State. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Genera! Assembly of Georgia, That from aqd after the expiration of the licenses to sell liquor heretofore granted, it shall not be lawful for any ordinary, board of eommissioners. or other county officer in this State to gran' license to sell, barter or furnish, either di rectly or indirectly, for valuable considera tion or otherwise, any spirituous intoxicat ing liquors, or drinks, or al#y medicated al cohohc bitters of which spirituous liquor is.' a material or constituent part, outside o' any incorporated town, city or village, ex cept upon a written application signed by - person desiring to deal; in such liquor.- which shall specify the place where the liquor is to be sold, and be approved in writing by two thirds of the free holders liv ing within three miles of the place where the liquor is sold. The second section of the bill provided that m towns and cities Whisky' could be voted at. an election held at the request of one-fourth of the qualified’voters, a major ity being necessary to decide the question The report of the comrgiittee, which was favorable to the passage of the bill, was agreed to after considerable debate. Upon the call of the ayes and iiayes, the bill was defeated by a vote of 20 to 19, 23 being necessary to secure its passage. HOUSE. The special order was the consideration of the bill, by Mr. Perkins, of Burke, to levy a tax of one per cent, on all the tax able property of the State for the benefit of the school fund. Messrs. 'Warthem, Mitchell, Milner, Dußignon. and Estes favored, and Messrs. Wright, Pender, Gar rard and Middlebrook opposed. On the vote, the yeas were 77 and nayes 65. So the bill not receiving a constitutional ma jority was lost. The committees submitted re ports. Rep. Rice, of Oconee, offered a resolution that afder Saturday no new business be in troduced without consent of three-fourths of the house. Referred to the committee on rules. The unfinished business of the previous day was taken up. A bill by Mr. Hillyer, of Fulton, to decare the lien of judgments in jvstices courts. Rep Hillyer spocke in favor of the pas sage of the bill. Rep. Twiggs, Richmond, for the commit tee on the judiciary, concluded the debate and advocated its passage. ILLUSTRATED ATLANTA This book, about 300 pages, 150 illustrations including cotton exposition buildings, will soon be out Send in sub scriptions now to secure copy. sl. in cloth. One of the largest guide books in the United States, Sent Post-paid. OUR PENITENTIARY. THE PRESENT SYSTEM DISCUSSED, Penitentiary Systems Generally, and Important Statistics. Great and Eloquent Debate In tt»e House, August 9th and lOiti. [Reported Especially lor the Weekly Post.] The special Penitentiary Committee with thier report submitted a bill providing for the appointment of managers and wardens. Al once some opposition was apparent, and a powerful debate, occupying throe days, was precipitated. The galleries were' filled ivi'th spectators, including many ladies. MR. MILNER, OF BARTOW, j chairman.' of the special committee that made the late report on the condition of the i camps arid treatment of convicts, made a rtatement of the circumstances under which the committee was .appointed, and of their action. He referred to the charge tnat the scheme proposed by the committee lad been gotten up for political purposes. This he denied and denounced as a false hood made out of whole cloth. In 1876 tre Legislature passed the lease act. Three incorporated companies then leased all ths convicts of the State. That act has no more practical effect upon the present sys tem than if there were no such statute in existence. We have no such penitentiary system as will stand the test of civilization and humanity—there is no other like it. Section 3 of that act requires that the Gov er -.or shall stipulate for the erection of a pr son, hospital and other buildings, on some island on ' the seacoast, or at some other suitable locality he buildings to be commodious and ertcted at the cost of the lessees; a physi cian to reside on the island or other place selected, and to furnish all needed medicines, etc., all convicts not put to work in mines, etc., to be sent to this place, wh’ -h was to be known as the penet.eutiary of Georgia; the principal keeper to make a monthly inspection,. and the governor might at any time appoint a suitable per son to inspect it. He contended that the intention of the legislature had been whol ly defeated by the mode of administering the law. There had been no such peniten tiary on the isiand or elsewhere, there had been no monthly inspection. The convicts were scattered throughout the state from the seaboard to the mountains. He con fessed with shame and confusion that the penitentiary system is a disgrace to civili zation and Christianity. He made his at tack upon the system itself.. The principle upon which the penitentiary should exist could not be applied unless the bill pro posed is put into practical operation. I'here is an eternal warfare between crime and society. He believed crime to be on the increase in Georgia. What became of the convicts ? Georgia now turns them loose. She sends them on-; hundred or three hundred miles to a convict camp, and then surrenders them, and no representative of ihe statejs there to enforce the sentence. Mr. Twiggs assked whether it was true, as reported that virile couvi- s were Hogged by negro bosses ? ’ Mfe Mi[nfer said he h° J wii hto say a .ggvrfe' tlug wM&brtirujlT' eyrftga' feeSwgS; •Trot he would icai-h. arid aws-.vei that ques: tio.-i. The convict is left in the band ofthe lessees. At one cam]'there was one system of government, at another camp another system ; but all have bosses, and the treat ment ot the bosses differs greatly. Hum me Misses treated the convicts humanely— others the reverse. Passionate men —men wllo. oou’d not control themselves—coni i uotAiroperly fill such positions. The sys tenfbeing subject to these evils and abuses, should be corrected. An agent of the State ought to be placed over the convicts. It punishment is necessary, let it be punish mr-nt by the State. There is no officer of the State who knows whether the convicts have had their breakfast thi^r morning— none who know whether they are suffering .from disease or inhuman treatment. The • whole thing is a disgrace to Georgia The system subjects the covicts to any treat ■n nt the lessees may bestow or permit The true principle is that society should aim at the reformation 'of the. convict. ;Thauk God, tha|-we can 'say- that the prin ciple ofthe ba rbirie ages should not, ought not. arid cannot in Georgia. The committee had found a convict at one of the camps who was kept there with out authority of law. Her had made an ef fort so escape, and was run into a biiish heap; the boss set fire to the brush-heap ind btfrlit him out, and an unmerciful whipping, with a leather strap, was given him.. This Yfcas one ’case; bus go any day, take any camp by surprise, and who can tell what ifiight be found? This treatment is brutalizing. When turned loose, ti e convict is ready "for any crime. It was the duly of government to treat these peo ple humanely, to pnnislt them, but to do it rightly. The committee want crime pun ished, but punished by the-State. The cry, that the committee wanted'to board the prisoners— to “rent the Kimball House fur them”—was intended to draw akvay atten tion from-the ‘acts of the case. The cas’e of men who hire themselves qs guards, as a general rule, are utterly unlit to be managers of men. They are hired it tSe lowest price. Yet the con-- victs are subject to them. True, the rules forbid the guards to speak to the convicts, nut these rules are disregarded. The corn mittee had evidence that they had punished the convicts brutally. Is it right ? The 1 -ssees may be inhumane, but they are not always in the camps; they know not what is going on when they are. absent. The lessees’ profits °re in the work and savings of the system. There is no man on earth who ought to have such control oyer his fellow men whois swayed by such considerations, the whole management was turned over to men who owed the State no obligations. There was more dependence on dogs and guards than on proper buildings As long as ihe present system was maintained these adjuncts would be mantained. The lessees did not expect to do the work of reforma tion, and their nAnner of treating the con licts tended to degrade rather than to re form them. The State of Georgia had uo right to shirk her responsibility in this way. Georgia was in many respects the foremost State of the South, but in this respect she was far be hind other States Let her put the Control in the bands of three good men apfiointed by herself. There must be a centralized head, with power to manage and control the system. The $25,000 anually derived by the State from the present system is blood money. He wanted it turned into the proper direction—to be a blessing to the Slate and a blessing to the convicts. He related a sad case of the despair and des peration of a convict, and said there was no hop® in the system; it is driven from the breast of the convict by his treatment. It makes him an enemy- to the State, an enemy to society, and drives him to despair. He closed with an eloquent appeal for the ap pointment of good men, under the control of the State, as the managers of the sys tem. MR. POST, OF COWETA, SAID : Mr. Speaker.— There is no queston that will engage the attention of this General Assembly of greater interest to so many of the people of Georgia than the penitentiary system of our State. It is one that should receive the honest, calm, dispassionate and intelligent consideration of this House. It is one in whljli public opinion has from its very inception manifested a deep concern as to the true knowledge of the wisdom of its creation, and of the actual inward work ings of the system itself. In the public press, on the hustit gs, in the legislature — everywhere—-light xm been sought and the subject discussed. It was the prominent leading issue in the last State campaign. Great as is the need of carrying forward the free and bold discussion of every part of this subject now ffiirly opened, there is yet especial need that the tyrannical system should be arraigned at the bar of this House, and clearly comprehended by rep resentatives. I declare, Mr. Speaker, that Georgia has a vicious and deceptive system for the care of convicts, which excludes light and wis dom from without, arid breeds and screens abuses within the circle of its administra tion. Look at it; put it in the ba’ance; weigh it. There are in round numbers twelve hundred and fifty convicts in the State. They are leased to three different companies for a term of twenty years, and by these companies they are subdivided into thirteen different camps-, located in different parts of the State and the convicts employedin diversified industries. Prop erly speaking there are but two,State peni tentiary officials whose duty it is to see on the one side that the law is enforced, and on the other, that the humanity of the con vict is protected. Their cilices are located by law at the State Capitol, a distance of more than three hundred miles from the fartherest camp, and more than fifty miles trom the nearest, one. It will require a travel of fifteen hundred miles to visit these camps in succession, andat least a month’s time to make the circuit and undergo any thing like a proper and thorough inspec tion of the persons, treatment and quarters of the prisoners. The clerical work of one of these, the Principal Keeper, are such, as he informs me, to require his constant time and attention, so that whenever he leaves his office to visit a camp, he has to close his doors, and does so at the risk of neglect of great and important public duties. The effect is that the whole care of the prisoners, the discipline, the clothing, the bedding, the food, the .medical attendance, the religious and tecular instruction, the hours of labor, etc,, which should always be retained in the hands and control of the State authorities, is turned over to the lessee, The State assumes the burden of the prosecution, the conviction and sen tence, and then turns the whole control, management and punishment of the pris oner over to the lessee, whose sole object and interest is to make money —first, out of what the convict can earn, aud next out of what can be saved from the cost of feeding, clothing, housing and maintaining them. I deny to the Sthte the right to so dele gate their authority. I deny that such is the spir.t or letter of the act of 1876 pro v ding for the leasing of the convicts; but that such is the inevitable and practical workings of the system under that act no man can dispute. It is a system objection able to the last degree. And the central evil is that the lessee, free from supervision and restraint, is left to make his fortune out of the convicts. It is to set up in the prisoners a “power behind the throne greater than the throne itself;” a power well nigh omnipotent within its sphere; a power io make and unmake officers, impose arid renjit punishments through agents whom it has been able to bend to its will, and even stoop to mean devices to get the poor prisoner who has incurred his wrath into straits and difficulties, that, his revenge may be gratified by the sight of his-punish ment ; a power to pique for the whole working day aU.tlje. pri{ipn'’r‘i.jr) ,th«s ’tiTidbr metf-wTO 'tiave ho officbd'SeSjKi’tsi bility—meri who see in the conv'ct'aeiy so' much machinery for making money; a power to introduce among the convicts as superintendents of their labor strangers to the prison, men employed as overseers, guards, and whipping bosses in many in stances utterly irresponsible and without sufficient experience or judgment to fairly estimate a man’s physical ability to work — men selected more with regard to the price they can be obtained at than their peculiar fitness for the place; a power that arrogates to itself authority to disregard the mandates of the principal keeper ordering the dis charge of prisoners who have served cut the sentence of the law, but holds them at work in the camp at the lessee’s own gool pleas ure without fee or reward; .a power that usurps ihe right to allow only two dayri per month commutation for good conduct when the law says he shall have four; a power to take down the prisoner .and lash him as many stripes and as severely as the temper or ill-will of the guard or whipping boss may see proper to inflict. It is this system Against which, a hund red years ago, John Howaqi lifted up his voice and sharpened his pen. Is it any wjnfler, where such imperial ’power is given that such ’abuses siiomd exist? A dedeptjve and vicious system, adroitly and ably .managed, has lulled and misled public opinion;' screening abuses by out light by arbitrary methods, defying exposure and change by the exercise of a despotic power ivhich ought, never to have been conferred upon the managers of convicts, arid should no longer be tolerated'. As private owners of the prisoners, they could .not have power more'absolute and irresponsible. ' This unparallftd despotism extending to alKgjrri'dqgq to all honors, to ail food, to all clofirtng. te> all medicines, to all conditions of. happinis-i, all connection with the oute?, world, awaits thosejyhose convictions may’' possibly be unjust, Whose life is 'shiouded in a secrecy and seclusion un .known beyond the confines of the camp, is -.over prisoners the most pitiable, whose pro tests and prayers for relief, their keepers declare, and tuauy good people believe, no man is bound to respect. When Frederick the Groat difined his despotism as one un der which Tie did what he was a mind to, and his subjects said what they were mind to, his subjects were able to speak for them selves and could make their complaints ring through the kingdom. But here in Georgia, in the midst of the civilization of the nineteenth century are the rise of twelve hundred and fifty of her citizens whose lips are practically sealed, and whose complaints if hoard at all, are con sidered unworthy of belief. It would be almost incredible that such authority should be conferred upon any man or company of men in this state, had not thfijjublic for so long a time either supinely" accepted their theories and ver sions about the treatment and working of the convicts, or been blinded by the glittering glare of the paltry sum of twen ty-five thousand dollars that annuall passes into the qp tiers of the state. It assumes lessees, superintendent’s guards and bosses to be saints, with whom passion, selfishness, revenge and neglect are impossible. Mr. Speaker, I will not say that the pres ent lessees do not in the main treat the convicts about as well as other men would do with like powers and interests. It is the inevitable outgrowth" and effect of the system itself. It’is the destruction of the penitentiary system of imprisonment properly so called, for which the world has been struggling for a century and more with but limited success. The convicts have passed from the direct control of the state into the hands of private citizens whose sole interest in them is that of ma king money. What protection I ask is the principal keeper of tbe penitentiary to the prisoners when his office work requires daily attention, and because of the number and distance of the camps from each other and from the central office. Can he say there is a convict in the state that has had his breakfast this morning? Does he know whether they were allowed one hour, or six or eight or any time at all for rest and sleep last night? Does he know but that every i prisoner in the camp has this day been ta ken down and cruelly punished to satisfy the temper of guard 1 There is not a state official from, the governor down who knows anything about what is now going on in a single camp in the state. What attention can the state’* physician to the penitentiary who receive* a (alary of two thousand dollars per annum, adminis ter to their physical wants when the camps are so numerous and widely scattered as to render his services utterly ineffective. Does he know of the’bodily condition of a single prisoner to-day. or but there nre convicts now at work, driven by the la-h, who. from sickness are physically unable to labor? No sir, the system as it exists to-day is omnipotent in its power and is irresponsible. And the grand defect is the absence of one responsible bead to govern, control and resjJoml. M'e thus see, Mr Speaker, that the State has practically delegated to private indi viduals the power to punish her convicts; that that power is well-nigh omnipotent in its sphere, aud at least admits of the possi bilities of abuses and tyranny. This power alone that even admits of such possibilities is sufficient to- condemn it forever in the eyes of all fair thinking men. But let us advance a step in this argument and see if abuses have actually occurred. Take the history of the system since its i inauguration; take the reports of the va-' rious committees sent forth from the dis- i ferent legislatures to inspect the camps —I faithful reports made hy honest, intelligent men after careful and impartial investiga-! tion, notwithstanding in this memorial they | are called “baseless reports,” “inflamers of i public opinion,” by one directly and largely i interested in the lease; take the complaints of the prisoners themselves as they plead for reform —complaints from men who, though sentenced by the law, are yet men of truth and considered ’worthy to testify and be believed in the courts of the State; take the scarred limbs and backs Tom lash and fire, and tell me if cruelties are not now or have been practiced. Let the burned man be a county convict, if you please, the effect is the sama. It was done at a State camp, under the control of a state lessee, and by his employees. What man is there who believes, as this memorial would have you think, that when the fire and lash were being applied to that un fortunate being, the question as to whether he was a state or county convict ever en tered the mind of that guard or influenced the brutality of his act. It is an insult to the intelligence of this assembly to even So intimate. It was done under the State’s system, and that system alone is chargeable with and responsible for it. Go to the wounded spirits of the white convicts in Dougherty county, iu whose veins flow the Anglo-Saxon blood, with their bodies burn ing and writhing under the sting of the lash inflicted by the hands of that negro whip ping boss, and tell me if there is no need for reform. Let swollen limbs, shackle scarred ankles, and lash-marked backs that will go the grave, speak for themselves. But is is true that they are over-worked and sufficient time is not given them t.o rest and sleep? I will answer by addressing two plain simple questions to the sound judgment and discretion of this house. Is requiring hard labor from 4 o’clock in the morning until 8 o’clock at n'ght with possibly forty minutes or an hot r for dinner over a man’s physical ability to work ? And af‘ ter having thus labored, is from 9 o’clock until three or half-past three o’clock in the iqorning sufficient time for rest and sleep ? And yet that was true at a convict camp i Georgia ou the twenty fith day of Muy, 18 8 L » ■*' ’.”A 4 - '■ •cd io—* xjj. ii • ’when front Sii'-'kiim they -are un 'abie to do du labor ? Did not the OlfSniit tie so find and have siek and wounded men taken from tho ranks at work, aud hate them repaired to the quarters ? Who de nies it? Not even ths bull memorialist has dared assail the.truth ot it. And 1 say here that if those two con- icts mentioned in our report na l-ciuii sick, locked up in the building and in used of medical attention, actually w«i.it to w ,rk trie next day after tha were' there as stated in this mcmo.-i d, then in -my opinion, and-1 believe 1 but rtfleet the opinion of the committee three of whom arc physicians of high standing, uules there was some miraculous cure, they were required to labor when physically unablq to.work. Ahi Mr, Speaker that bruaii heavy strap in the hands of ihatgceaf big muscular negro’ can all but arouse the dr ari to action. ’ - . Again, Mr. Speaker, the les-ee’ whose only interest in the convict is his la bor, is made the sole judge of. she conduct faai enjitlc-s him to commutation of the sentence. An-1 iu oue instance we find six prishtidrs held in chains and at labor by the lessee long after the principal keeper had Ordered their discharge. And in no in sfqrice where they have been accorded mer it have they benii allowsd but two days per month good time, when the law emphatically shys they shall have four day per month, thereby uplawfully extorting from the prisoner one month’s labor annu ally, or,oue year in every twelve. But what is the effect upon the informa tion of the prisoners. Little need be said on this point, its. influence may be inferred from its nature..; In the Jilnguage of the report "it iriiping.'-«'with a crushing force upon the great-work of the moral reforma tion of the prisoners. The lessee has no interest as a lessee in their reformation. Theii interest as let-sees, and the interest of ,the-prison as a reforma tory agent, not only Mo ’not ruu-iu parallel lines, but in lines’..rgpcllant and antagonis tic. By a necessary law, Dy an instinct of its very nature, our system of prison labor opposes itself to all the great moral forces of reformation by which, if at all, the in mates must be reclaimed, regenerated, and reabsorebd into the mass of the npright. industrious and honorable citizens Im prisonment for crime is no longer restricted to punishment but contemDlat.es reforma tion as well. But no where in the dark ages do I read anything more productive of immorralities aud evd practices than is to be found to-day in the convict camps of Georgia. The Sabbath day is defamed by gaming, card playing, and other like prac ices. Instead of reforming it corrupts and brutalizes, and at the end of the sentence, trained in practices that are destructive t<; everything that is good, the prisoner is led to the gate, turned loose miles from home and friends without a morsel of bread or a cent in his pocket, thereby setting before him every temptation to re-comrr.it crime. Is it any wonder that some of them should fall by* the wayside and be recaptured, tried and sent back in so short a time after their release. The penitentiory qaestiont is ni> longer confined to punishment ,but embraces re formation and rehabilitation. We should no longer see in prisoners, beings pros s " cribed by society, and forever to be treated as out casts, but rather as brothers who have gone-astray, end for whose moral re generation it is our duty to labor, to hope, to wach, and to pray, They are not brutes because they are convicts. The Saviour came into the world to seok and to save sinners, and in the agonies and expiring throes of the cross, he looked with condescending m - cy upon the thief on the cross, heard his prayer and answered h m that on that day lie should be with him in paradize. Shall a work befitting a God be beneath the dignity of man 7 But it is insisted that on account of tbe age mid formed habits of the prisoners, moral suasiotf is ineffective. Do the figures show it ? In rthe Principal Keeper’s last report now b .fqre mo, be puts the average age of the condrets at twenty-five years, and more than one-fifth of the inmates of tbe camps are mere boys, ranging from twenty - one years down to the child of the tender age of ten. And yet a system antagonistic to reformation I How long shall brute force be wholly substituted for ingral sua sion 7 Mr. Price, of Oeonee—ls the intention of the law the prevention of crims or th* ro forumuwu of the orimuud ? NUMBER 45 Mr. Post —It is both, sir; and no system s is complete unless it has both of these ob -> jects in view. Brute force may trake good prisoners, i moral training alone alone will make good s citizens. Th one is meant to train men to act together, the other to prepare them 3 to act separately. Tho one r. lies on forco 3 which never jet create ! virtue; the ether 3 on motives which are the sole agency for • attaining moral ends. . Age and sex is disregarded in labor and in punishment. The women are takem > down and whipped on their naked persons - in the presence of the men, and the com mittee actually found at one of tho camps i a woman at work with the men and dressed - in man’s clothing. The heathen in all his • cruelties and exactions of burdens of wo i man never yet required or tolerated the : wearing of a robe' that destroyed the ideu : tity and distinction of her sex. Another serious objection to the working of osr system is there is no gradation in I the punishment for crime. Neither the I heinousness of the offense, the age or sex I of the criminal has no influence in the se j verity of the punishment or the privileges i allowed. He who is Convicted of’crime, ■ steeped in moral turptitude, may be pre- ■ ferred in camp to him whose offense is only | statutory, or the result of a moment of : pas-ion. It depends entirely upon the pleasure or displeasure, hatred or favor of the overseers or guards. There nre persons in the penitentiary convicted of crime of the vilest nature whose liberties are large, while others of minor offenses suffer the heaviest burdens. No, Mr. Speaker, outside’of th- sum of twenty five thousand dollars ot blood mo ney it annually pays into the treasury there is nothing in the system to commend it to any hnmane and considerate mind. I put this question : If the system did not pay a cent into the State, is there a man of you that wquld vote lor it to stand a moment longer? And if you would not vote to perpetuate it, would you not vote against it on the ground that it is unjust and wrong in principle ? And if it is wrong in the sight of humanity, duty and principle, will you sacrifice that principle for twenty-five thousand dollars or any other sum of money ? No, sir; I cannot believe there is a man on this floor unin fluenced by interest or prejudice that can lay his band ou fils heart and say satisfied, content. Then yon owe it to yourselves, you owe it to your families, you owe it to humanity, you owe it to God, you owe it to the fair name and fair fame of the State to support the report of the committee recommending the passage of this bill, and lend your aid in working out a reform and forever blot out from the future history of the State this foul stain from her escutcheon. This reform so much desired at home and abroa I, and even demanded bj T the people, eaa never be had under the present work ings of this system. Past and present experience demonstrate this proposition. The physician to the penitentiary and the Principal Keeper are not omnipresent, and you may pile law upon law, act upon act, rule upon rule, but so long as the con victs are scattered from here aud tljgre all over the State, you simply tions of them no man can perform - * If then it be true that, evils exist, arid ; ( . T.. V--i ‘ 1 i i-i-.-ade-i quajgjto “cori ect tho-.e evils, is or uot the aolehitf, r "orn duty <-f tftlo Legislature to prit into oper.iritei ry tin t will cor rect them. I believe iff? b<dgOa’-red by the committee is an pie in-Us pi'Oyi.sbms; but if it is not let it come squarely b .fore the House and be perfect'd... .. » - But what is this bl! ? It simply pro vid- s for a Board of Managers, consisting of three persons, who shall exercise a general supervisory power over all th-- convict camps in the State; to visit and inject the prisoners, and to enact from time “to time such rules arid regulations as they-'... may deem necessary for the proper government arid treatment of the convicts; and to appoint wardens ifbr each camp whose du>y it shall be to see to the enforcements oUhose rul-s a-d regu lations. Or, in other words it proposes that the State sh>d resume the care and treatment of its felons, pnd that the sen tence of the law is properly carried out, Mr. Speaker, -let us briefly«otidb the Ob jections t> their bill. They are chiefly - found in the creation of new offices anddhe expense incident thereto. There is simply nothing iu the argument that it will inter fere with the rights of the lessees under their lease contracts. It is the labor only of the convicts th-y are entitled to under the k-ase act, and that I a n willing they shall have, and which this bill in no wise proposes to take t.oni them. But there should bejust and humane' rules for the reg ulation of that labor,and Ter the food,care.tnd treatment of the convicts, and an officer of the State placed at ea h camp to see that those rules are rigidly observed and enforced.’ A man to stand upright, and do justice alike to the prisoner and lessee. A system that permits the incieaso add multiplicity ot camps renders the increase of officers equally necessary as guardians ■ arid custodians of the prison. If then these officers are necessary it is the duty of this legislature to provide them, or else draw in the number of the camps within a radius where the present officials can supervise them. Failure to do this will be to fall -hort of duty. On the question ot expense I simply say that I am in favor of spending every dollar the convicts pay into the treas ury and even more it it be necessary to en force proper punishment and humane treat ment. ’ Mr. Speaker, I declare that I not only do do not possess any of that sickly sentiment alism about-punishment for crime, but have no patience for such. I am opposed to crime and a stern advocMp for its merited punishment. When the’’law saysanindivid ual shall serve so many years at hard labor for crime committed, I say let him do that but no more. But 1 insist the same power that pronounces that punish ment should inflict it. The monej; paid into the treasury fromAhe hire ot these convicts will more than pdy the expenses of this bill,, and leave a large ballance for the State. A prison system properly and humanely conducted, that even supports itself, has solved the problem and reached achme of perfection. I appeal to yon. Representatives of Georgia, to support the report of the com mittee, recommending the passage of this bill, and Lnd your aid to wipe out the stigma from the name of our State. With glaring abuses staring you in the face, jt will not do to say you oppose this ■’measure without offering a better one. If the bill is not perfect, let it come up on its passage, amend and perfect it. The present system is a shame, and a disgrace, and curse to Georgia, and so sure as God reigns He will heap damnation on a people, enlightened by civilization rnd religion, that long tolerates and sustains such inhumanities to man. In visiting these camps, I traveled well nigh all over the State, and viewed with delight her fields and forests; her cities, scht ol houses arid churches, whose spires pointed toward the skies. I was proud of h.T magnificent railroads and factories. 1 stood upon her borders and watched the foaming, fretful waves of the ocean lash her eastern shore, and then on Point Dookout I stood and gazed with awe and adoration, upon her hilb and valleys aS* far as eye could reach; but when my heart would swell up with pride and admiration at her grandeur and infinite resources and possi bilities, I yet felt loaded down with the con sciousness that, notwithstanding all these, there is yet a shame and stain on her name. I read in the newspapers of the day with a glowing pride the favorable comments .upon her resources, and institutions, and general progress. I turn over but to find (Joatlauad on Fourth Pag*.