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GREAT SAI.ES OF IVORY.
HEW ELEPHANTS’ TUSKS ABE DIS
POSED OP ABROAD.
Something: About the Malting ot
Knife-Handles, Etc.— Where the
World’s Supply Comes From.
¥ OUB times a year, in January,
April, July and October, ivory
sales are held, aDd the display
of the goods in the warehouse is
one of the strange sights of London, says
a writer in Leisure Honrs. The floor is
crowded with ivory of all sorts and sizes,
•in tusks and sections, and odds and
ends, some of it in huge teeth weighing
seventy pounds each, some mere trifles
of twenty pounds apiece, some mere
pygmy “scrivelloes,” and — crooked,
cracked, hollow, decayed and broken.
On every lot is a big clumsy number,
and every assemblage of lots has a no
tice board giving the broker’s name and
the first and last numbers of the lots he
has to sell. The wilderness of teeth
seems all in movement round the gigan
tic pair of traveling scales in the centre;
the curving tusks are like so many
worms, all strangely scratched and
scribed, and are of all colors from white,
through the browns, to almost black;
and an expert can tell at a glance where
each came from, and can sort the lots
from the pink Calcutta to tho black
West Coast which comes wrapped up in
the raw hides bearing tho mysterious
name of “schroons.”
What would an elephant think if he
.were to get a peep at this floor so
crowded with his relatives’ incisors?
Here would be a tnemeato mori for him
more significant than that of the mummy
'%isks at an Egyptian feast I Each pair of
means a life, for the elephant is
yet ignorant of the dentist’s forceps,
Tfiad although we hear of elephants driven
with tho toothache and have
apecimeus of tusk disease in our College
of Surgeons’ Museum; and the few cases
of monstrosities having three, four, and
even nine tusks at a time may bo disre
garded. Mr. Stanley tells us that in the
Congo basin there are 200,000 elephants,
each with fifty pounds of ivory in his
jaws, the total being worth half a million
of money; but even that stock would
soon be exhausted if the Congo alone
had to fill this floor four times a year.
And besides the London sales there
are sales at Liverpool and Antwerp and
Rotterdam. Most of theLiverpoolivory
comes from the West Coast of Africa,
and a quarter of it goes to Sheffield, a
quarter to London, and half to Germany,
France and the United States. To the
***■*:£ sales the ivof^tomes from all
parts. time when,
There was a according to
Polybius, the Ethiopian made his door
posts and fences of ivory; and when the
.ivory trade declined with the fall of
Rome, tho market became so glutted that
ivory could bo had for the asking.
And, according to native tradition, the
elephant, within a few centuries, was
used as food, and his tiuks were treated
as bones and thrown away. But that is
not the case now, and through the length
and breadth of the continent he is hunted
for his teeth alone—not, however, for
his eye-teeth, for he has none, but for
his incisors. It is the timber problem
over-again. It takes as many minutes
to cut down a tree as it took years to
grow it, and it takes considerably more
years for an elephant to grow his tusks
than it takes minutes to kill him.
John Ray says that Vertomannus saw
in Sumatra a pair of tusks weighing 336
pounds, and there are records of single
tusks weighing as much as 200 pounds.
But nowadays the ordinary tusks average
about three to the hundredweight, so
that 15,000 elephants would have to be
killed to furnish the British market, and
some say 75,000 are killed a year. And
as the elephant dees not begin to breed
until he is thirty years old, and averages
but one youngster every ten years after
that until he is ninety, the rate of in
crease is much too slow to overtake the
But all the ivory does not come from
Africa, a good deal of it comes from In
dia; and a very little of the Indian
ivory is obtained without killing the
animal, owing to its being the custom
to cut a captive elephant’s tusks every
ten years. From the Malay Peninsula
and the islands thereabouts, there is a
fair ivory trade direct with China, and
the nests of balls, which are the highest
achievement of ivory turning, are al
most invariably made from the island
These balls are a terrible puzzle until
an hour or so’s careful manipulation re
veals how they are managed. By careful
shifting it will be found that all the
larger hole3’come opposite each other,
and that it is down these shafts that the
work has been done. The Chinaman ha3
made probably diminishing fourteen holes in the
solid ball, as they approach
the center. Down the walls of these
conical shafts he ba3 spaced out the
number of layers he requires, and begin
ning with the smallest ball, he has cut
each layer free and carved it. It ha9
been a long job evidently, and as a
matter of fact he has worked five days,
on an average, at each ball, and for his
three months’ work he was probably
paid at the rate of five shillings a week,
which is first-class pay for a Chinaman.
The tusks for billiard balls fetch the
highest price in the trade; as much as
$550 per hundredweight has been
for them, which is more than double the
rate for the ordinary kinds. As ivory
ages the water it contains evaporates, and
for this reason the Tithe
will tion not of use the ivory fluid scales, as the evapora-1
makes them alter in
length and breadth.
Both chemically and mechanically ivory
is intermediate between horn and bone.
It cannot be torn into filaments like horn,
and it is not so brittle as bone, nor does
it splinter. It is essentially equivalent
to dentine, and the fine tubes running
crookedly outward give it the grain ir
which much of its strdSgth and beauty
consists, and make it the aglftt suitable
material for ornamental "fuming and
carving. old Carving on i^jry almost, is almost as
as the mammoth, but not
quite, for tho mammotl/ must have had
time to grow his tusks.
There are no telegraph poles in China.
The Chinese eat the flesh of the dog.
Letter postage costs ns $48,000,000
In Hialopen Strait snow may fall even
in the dog days.
Arkansas has a wonderful onyx cavo
in the Ozark Mountains.
An ordinary day coach weighs about
50,000 pounds; Pullman sleepers weigh
about 75,000 pounds.
In Silesia the thermometer registers
about thirty degrees below zero for a
considerable part of the year.
The Chinese, Japanese, Malays, Siam
ese, New Zealanders and the North
American Indians are all beardless.
The tortoise is the longest lived of all
animals. Many have attained the age of
250 years, while one is known to havo
reached the age of 450 years.
has A dictionary of Chinese-Japanese words
just been issued in three parts. It is
by J. H. Gubbins, and is a very valuable
contribution to philological literature.
There is a treo In Jaraaici known as
the life tree on account of its leaves
growing even after being severed from
the plant; only by fire can it be entirely
There are many superstitions about
funerals. Pew people like to cross them
in the streets, and men and women ap
parently sensible stand and wait to let
The curdling of milk by means of ren
net has been practiced for centuries. The
first mention of cheese is in the Hebrew
Scriptures by David, and the .manufac
ture of the article has always been a well
The permanent gibbet erected in tho
San Quentin (Cal.) Prison has a singular
provision of three cords to be simul
taneously cut by three prison guards.
These cords ara- s«-#.mngg^_that none,
of the guards will know whose knifo
sprung the trap and “launched into
eternity” tho gentleman standing on it.
In Turkey, if a man fall asleep in tho
neighborhood of a poppy field, and the
wind blow from the field toward him,
he becomes narcotized, and would die,
if the country people, who aro well ac
quainted with the circumstances, did not
bring him to a well or stream and empty
pitcher after pitcher of water on his face
A five-foot alligator escaped from a
Bowery museum, in New York City, and
attracted the attention of a policeman.
The officer, thinking it dead, struck it
playfully with his club. The animal
opened its huge jaws and seized the club.
The policeman, fearing it was about to
“take him in” also, hurriedly retreated.
Ten minutes later the museum keeper re
covered the animal, and restored the club
to its owner.
Morningside Park, New York City,
has in its curiosities a species of cactus,
apparently native and voluntary. It
grows in great abundance on the wall of
almost perpendciular rock opposite 116th
street, clinging tenaciously to every
coigne of vantage offered by the irregu
larities of the rock. The conditions pre
sented by the rocks at that point seem
admirably suited to the cactus, for tho
soil is thin and dry, and the face of tho
rocks being turned directly toward the
morning sun the temperature for many
hours is almost tropical.
A Lonely Voyage.
Captain P. Vehling has arrived at San
Francisco, Cal., with the steam launch
Kussiioff from Alaska. During a peril
ous voyage he has been obliged to act not
only as captain but also as cabin boy,
cook and crew of the little vessel.
Years ago the launch Kussiioff wai
sunk off Karluk, Alaska. Vehling
bought tho boat for a trifling sum, and
early this season, after providing her
with schooner rigging, shipped a crew
and prepared for a trading trip among
One day Vehling allowed hitmen to
go ashore at Karluki About noon a
heavy wind came up and the vessel
broke her cable and drifted out to sea.
Vehlmg made the bâ€“/£ of the situation
and steered thi*«*boat out to sea. By
dusk the Kussiioff was out of sight of
land, and all that night the wind blew a
gale. the helm and
Vehling stood by scud
ded under bare poles. Next morning toward
the wind changed and blew him
the San Juan archipelago. The captain
saw it was impossible to make Karluk',
and turned the bow of the boat toward
At night Captain Vehling would
shorten sail a bit, tie his rudder, and go
to sleep in the cabin. He cooked his
own meals, manned his own boat, and
was king and captain of all he looked
npon. The Kussiioff proved herself aa
j excellent sailor.—Chicago Times.
Nothing Got Away.
aSSssraSisafsi" deed recorded in Pettis county
«K« instruments in early timet. In ad
dittos ooaetdofetlon to forty acres of dollars, land sold for a
WSftt eouirow of ,l all fifty and singular—appurt- the doou
oooaoes, ip^endt^saa, cwnailageS, ad vowsoos, houses, benefits,
oomtoons, cow com
«rflto dairietpdoTeeots, freeholds, casements, furniture, emol
ument#, fixtures, gardens, homestalU, features, improve
marshes, ments, immunities, mines,minerals, limekilns, meadows,
pleasure grounds, pigeon orchards, parks,
styes, quarries, remainders, houses, pig
rente, rights, reversions,
ways, (yrater courses, wind
mills, together with every other necessary
right, whatsoever immunity, privilege and advavtage
of name, nature or descrip
The Very Worst.
Fanny’s mother had company to tea-—
a gentleman with whom the child was a
preat favorite, and at whose request the
little girl was allowed, contrnry to the
general rule, to have a seat at the table.
During the progress of the meal the little
woman was unfortunate enough to tip
oyer her bowl of bread and milk. The
ilisaster was so appalling that she settled
back in her high chair and gazed at what
seemed to her Utter ruin. At last, as if
the full extent of the catastrophe had
just dawned upon her, she drew a long
breath and said, “And the best table
After sponging patent leather with
warm rub water just and little letting it dry, oil while in still
warm a sweet it, then
rub it well out of It,
Bulrushes Shaken by tbo Wi»l
Do not vibrate to the passing wind moro readi
ly than weak nerves vibrato to tho slightest
noise or other trivial cause of their disturb
ance, which would be disregarded by the vig
orous. That benignant tonic, Hostetler’s
Stomach Bitters, strengthens them through
the remedies medium their of restored digestion, and thus
kidney and liver super-sensitiveness. complaint and Malaria
are cured by the Bitters. " constipation
The matches made yearly uro worth
For Impure or tuin Blood, Weakness, Mala
take ria Neuralgia, Brown’s Iron Indigestion, Rltters—it and Biliousness,
- making oid feel gives strength,
persons strong; persons pleasant to youug-and take. young
In 1859 Bonelli deviled a method, o. nstlng
eleotnoity in weaving.
) A Matter of Life or Death.
mi>8 Do k | Liur know veins that is the the state cause of of the your blood sickness run
or tor, you al ■jalth? ovcrlo This is a most I. important mftt
o I po and f.W
luoOd latter deal, is take is ofte«W5S3ossibw; if
costs M great and
tftkeiyup Ara after disease has gained a toothol L
morsJSwellings, If aro troubled Skin with Disease, Syphilis, Rheumatism, Itch, ....
Plmires. Llvei and Scrofula, Kidney Malaria, diseases. Catarrh, Old Sores, Fevers, Erup
tions; blood, or any other disorders resulting from im
pure write at once to Dr. S, C, Parsons,
Savannah, derful remedy, Ga. and His Blood only Purifier la dollar a won
bott’e. Send pamphlet costs one per
zo stamp for containing
a lot nf private and Valuable information. Dr.
Parsons Female Regulating Inin Pills are very effi
cacious. Write to without delay.
Our old reliable eye-water cures weak or in
Pries flamed 35o, eyes John or granulated Dickey Drug lids Co., without Bristol, pain.
The Only One Ever Printed.
CAN Yon FIND THE WORD?
this There paper, is this a 3-lnch week, display which has advertisement no two words in
aliko except one word. The same is true of
eochnew one appearing each week, from Tho
Dr, “Orescent” Harter Medicine Oo. This house places a
publish' Look on everything send they mako and
for it, will them the name
of the word and they return you jiook ,
BEAUTIFUL LITHOGRAPHS or SAMPLES FItEK.
J. 8. PARKER, for Fredonia, tho N. reward, Y.,says: “Shall
not lieve cal) Hall’s on you Catarrh Cure $100 will for 1 be- of
cure any oase
catarrh. Was very had.” Write him for par
ticulars. Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Dyspepsia, and impaired digestion, will weak
stomach, relieved beecham’s constipation Pills. 25 be Instantly
by cents a box.
If afflicted with sore ©yes use Dr- Isaac Thomp- botfcfe.
son’s Eyo-water.Drucrcrffitte sell at 25c per
1 havo for years been
troubled with distress in
% my stomach and indiges
tion. When. I took
Hood’s Saraaparilla the
effect was surpris
ing. It and gave I mo great
l<1 relief, now eat
without that terrible dis
Wm. Wa do. tress. I also rest well at
night and am in good general SARSAPARIL- health, for all of
which I thank Wade, HOOD’S
LA.” Wm. Boot and Hlioo dealer, 17
Merrimack Street, Lowell , Mass.
Hood’s Pills oure 11 vor ills, constipation,bil
ousness, jaundice ai d rjick headache. Try them
We Offer Ton a Stemedy
which Insure s Safety to
life of Mother and Child,
“ ^ MOTHER’S FRIEND ”
Hobs Confinement of its
Pain, Horror andliish.
After ushigone bottle of« 4 Mother’s Friend" l
suffered but little pain, and did not experience that
weakness afterward usual in such cases.—Mrs.
Asian Oaok, Lamar, Mo., Jan. 15th, 1881.
Sent t by express, chargee prepaid, on receipt of
price, #1.50 per bottle. Book to Mothers mailed f roe.
BOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
Positively cure Sick-headache. 40 to
the bottle. Price 25c. Reliable, Econom
ical. Sold by druggists .J
Sample Package Mailed Free.
Address Small Bile Beans. New Yo rk.
The St. Louis Chief of Police requires
the 1000 Chinese in that city to be
Long be spells of sickness and heavy dootor bills
can prevented by using in time Bile Beans
There are 525,000 Congregationalists
in the Unitea States.
—fiSwlTBUeBeaB** * iVer plUs and oure of tener
A will ion dollar sugar refinery is to be
built it Brooklyn, N. Y.
To aid Digestion take one Small Bile Bean
after eatin g, gSo . ger bottle^_
There were 1600 railroad accidents in
New Jersey last year.
Constipation cured by Small Bile Beans.
Some of the African tribes pull their fingers
till the joints crack b,b a form a salutation.
Fob Dyspepsia, and Stomach
disorders, lonfo, it rebuilds nee Brown’s Iron Bitter*. The Best
the system, cleans the Blood
and strengthens the muscles. A splendid ton
lc tor weak and debilitated persons.
The thermometer has been proven to be the
invention of Galileo in 1506.
. ■; ! 0 .
Both the method and results •when
Syrup and refreshing of Figs is taken; it is pleasant
to the taste, and acts
gently Liver and yet promptly Bowels, on the Kidneys,
cleanses the sys
aches tem effectually, and fevers dispels and colds, habitual head
constipation. only remedy Syrup of Figs is the
of its kind ever pro
duced, pleasing to the taste and ac
ceptable its action to the stomach, prompt in
and truly beneficial m its
effects, prepared only from the most
healthy excellent and agreeable substances, commend its
many qualities it
to all and have made it the most
popular Syrup^^Figs remedy known. sale 50
is for in c
am l ea( h n ff drug
Bjumi will pro
wisi ,ceept any
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO,
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL,
LOUISVILLE, KY. NEW YORK, N.Y,
Justice of the Peace, George Wil
kinson, of I/iwville, Murray Co.,
Minn., makes a deposition concern
ing a severe cold. Listen to it. “In
the Spring of 1888, through ex
posure I contracted a very severe
cold that settled on my lungs. This
was accompanied by excessive night
sweats. One bottle of Bosckee’s
German Syrup broke up tbe cold,
night sweats, and all and left me
in a good, healthy condition. I can
give German Syrup my mosteamest
Conaamptlvea and people
who have weak lung, or Asth
ma, ahoald use Pleo’o Cure tor
Consumption. It has eured
thousand*. It has had not Injur- take,
ed one. It Is cough not to
it Is tbe best syrup,
Bold everywhere. ®Se.
GOING TO BUILD?
Send for Illustrated Catalogue, containing 26 hand
some designs, FREE. Address HHOPPELL’8
MODERN UOXJMK8, 03 Broadway, New York
A. N. U. ......Thirty-sevi n, ’92
valueforyourtnoney. chasing .elf mize IT IS and in A your W. fumlly DUTYyouovroyonr- L. footwear Douglas to get the by Econo- Shoes. pur- best W. L. DOUGLAS
which velue thonsands taF-TAKE for represent NQ will priaes SUBSTITUTE. testify. asked, tbe best os $3 SHOE GENTLEMEN, FOR
A genuine sewed ahoo, that will not rip, fine calf, soemJ*
smooth inside, flexible, more comfortable,stylish and durable tu
any other shoe ever uold at tho price. Equals custom made shoes
coating from $4 to $5.
<3*>B and $5 Ilnnd-sewed, fine calf shoes. The most stylish.
easy and durable shoes ever sold at these prices. They equal
fine imported 50 shoes costing Shoe, from #8 to #13. and all who
#â€“*> x'oiico good heavy worn calf, three by farmers soled, extension others edge shoe,
vwo want a and
easy to walk in, and will $‘£.$5 keep the feet dry warm.
(go 50 Fine C’nlf, and %% Workingmen's than Shoe#
will give moro wear for tho money any other make.
They are mode for service. The increasing sales show that work*
ingmen have found this out.
BOYS’ *i> and by Youths’ everywhere. 91.55 School The Shoes are
worn the boys most service*
ablo shoos sold at these prices.
1 LALf ibu 93 Shoes Hand-Sowed, for Misses 92.50,8‘2 made of the end hast SI,?* Doa
gala or fine Calf, durable. as desired. #3 They are very stylish, com*
'J : fortablo and Tho shoo equals custom mâ€“do
shoos costing from #1 to #<;. Ladies who wish to ecoarf*
IIPaIs tnixo in UTION. their footwear aro of tindlng dealers this substituting out. shoes with, j
(J A —Dewaro
out W. L. Douglas’ name and the price stamped on bottom*
ASK PAR in W. « L. nAHA! DOUGLAS OMftrfi SHOES. Such substitutions arc fraudulent under and subject false toprolerii
run tlon by law for obtaining monoy pretences, i
If not for uni© In your place send direct to »nlo Factory, stating dealer* kind, and size general and width
wanted. Pontage free. Will give exclusive to shoe Brockton, 2Ua**t in cir*
chant* where I have no agents. Write for Catalogue. W. 1*. Douglas,
ft tec . ii
•s LISH \
xv?tb Pastes, Enamels, and Paints which stain
the hands, Rising injure the iron, and burn off.
The Sun Stove Polish is Brilliant, Odor
less. Durable, and with the consumer purchase. pays lor no tin
or glass package every
ii Vrjjk BO SOT PILLS GRIPE HOR SICK®.
NBâ€“jSn sore ACHE, euro tor SICK HEAD
m wfeftr Impaired dlg«.tl skssp 0 «, oonrtt
g M«*lc»l on few
-} w bi**? and bladder. Conquer
2 s o A 118 nervous dis
blOOd. Beautify PlIBRLY complexion VBOETA1U.E. by purifying
The close is rlcely adjusted to suit cans as on. pill can
nererljotoo much. Each viol contains «, carried in vast
pocket,, like lead pencil. Business mart's Creak
convenience. Taken easier than sugar. Sold every
where. All genuine goods bear “Crescents”
Send 2-cent stamp. You get 32 page book with sample.
DR. HARTER 81EDICIME CO.. SI. Louis. Ma
TONIC FOR WOMEN.
It Strengthens Nerves, Relieves the Weak, Monthly Quiets the
Suffering and Cures
ASK YOUR DRUGGIST ABOUT IT.
S1.00 PER BOTTLE.
CHATTANOOGA f'ED, CO,, Chattanooga, Tern.
Unlike the Dutch Process
id* No Alkalies
\ Other Chemicals
are used in the
W. BAKER â€“ COJS
pure and soluble. H
i has mr>ro lluinthreci
hi!- M the strength of Cocoa
• fijwith Sugar, Starch, and Is Arrowroot far mitre eco- or
nomical, ousting less than one cent a cup.
It. is delicious, nourishing, and easily
Sold by Grocers everywhere.
W. BAKT-U â€“ CO., Dorchester, Mass.
Its Origin and History;
An interesting Pamphlet mailed to any ad
dress on receipt of Stamp.
Dr. L, H. HAEBIS, Pittsburgh, Pa,
r •e« Jj£b
ft! p TA f ULE6 and regulate? bowels,
purify the blood, best oro eafe and er-X X
wm l feotual. medicine Tho known for general BiHousneBB.* family
Constipation. Breath. Headache, Dyspepsia, Heartburn, Font* Loss*
“ â€“ of Appetite, Mental Depression,#
« Painful Complexion, Digestion, Tired Pimple*, Feeling-, Sallow# and#
•blood, $ every symptom or by disease the stomach, resulting liver from intpsfcmesf impure#
orafaflure functions. Permmjriven or toT
X to perform their proper aTABUl.E after®
a over-cattng are benefited by taking
A treats Wanted; EIGHTY per cent profit.
J5«0SI5MSa LIQHTNIMQ PLATE*
W »ndplating jtwQlry.watoLie*
tabloware, *o. Plate* tho
Qacat of jewelrj good as
new, on nirkindsof met»|
with gold, silver or nickel.
fi No experience. No capital.
Uvery house has goods necd
■§ ing plating. |5. Write Wholesale to
liars. agents for circa
H. C. DLLNO As
y Co., Columbus, O.