GEORGIA BULLETIN THURSDAY, JULY 25, 1963
Archdiocese of Atlanta
SCRVINO GEORGIA'S 71 NORTHERN COUNTIES
Official Organ of the Archdiocese of Atlanta
Published Every. Week at the pecatur Dekalb News
Published by Archbishop Paul J. Hallinan Printed at Decatur, Ga.
MANAGING EDITOR Gerard E. Sherry CONSULTING EDITOR Rev. R. Donald Kiernar
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nd Subscriber to N.C.W.C. News Service
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Trouble In Vietnam
Papers lately have been filled
with the “religious issue’* in
South Vietnam. The recent press
conference of President Kennedy
and the paid advertisement in the
New York Times and the Wash
ington Post of 12 non-Catholic
clergymen would leave the dist
inct impression that all that is in
volved in South Vietnam could be
settled as soon as the Roman
Catholics and the Buddhists get
This week it was reported that
soldiers invaded Buddhist pago
das and brutally treated those
monks as they were engaged in
prayer. The whole thing has sha
des of an “Inquisition’* being sta
ged by us.
However, veteran NCWC corr
espondent Father O’Connor, who.
has been close to the scene for
a number of years, has report
ed quite differently than did those
articles which appeared in the ad
vertisement of the Times and
Father O’Connor, we think,
proves that the government of
South Vietnam is not a “Catho-
PRINTERS INK AROMAandthe
bustle of the newsroom have been
part of the background of Pope
Paul Sixth. In his first press con
ference after his election he re
vealed that his father had been
a journalist, and that he had in
herited a sympathetic and
appreciative attitude toward the
One of the events which en
deared Pope John XXIII to the
press of the world and through
it to millions of newspaper rea
ders was his friendly reception
of reporters and his welcome
to photographers. It was some
thing new in Vatican protocol
and the press and public loved
it. Now Pope Paul VI has in
dicated that he wishes to con
tinue the same open door re
lations with the media of com
munication. Of special interest
at this time is his statement
that the Vatican authorities will
do all in their power to assist
the press in reporting the second
session of Ecumenical Council.
lie government. True, Pre
sident Diem is a Catholic, but
the vice-president of that Asiatic
country is not. Only five of the
17 cabinet members are Catho
lic, and the National Assembly
is less than 50 percent Catho
It would appear, too, that the
Buddhists have prospered under
the regime of President Diem.
Father O’Connor reports that the
Buddhists have more than doubled
their number of schools in the
past six years, and some 1,275
Buddhist pagodas have been built
since 1954 with aid granted by
the government amounting to
more than nine million piastres.
Whatever the trouble in South
Vietnam is, it certainly does not
look like religion is the cause.
A government headed by a Cat
holic is not necessarity a Cat
holic government. The govern
ment’s discriminating tactics
certainly are not chargeable to
the Church in the light of auth
entic Catholic teaching.
courage in the interest of the
We hope that all publications
will measure up to the trust
which Pope Paul places in them.
We hope that they will insist on
treating the truth responsibly,
fearlessly and faithfully.
We in the Catholic press field
have the duty of setting the pace
in this regard. We above all
others have the obligation of
using the power of the printed
work for the welfare of all man
kind, in the natural order as well
as in the supernatural. We hope
that we shall prove worthy of
the confidence which our Chief
Pastor has in us.
CANAD1A I REGISTER
The Post-Dialogue Mass
BY REV. LEONARD F.X. MAYHEW
The liturgical movement has come a long way.
It has long since passed from being a radical
movement of a few enthusiasts to the secure posi
tion of official approval. It has subsequently pass
ed from the olympian approbation of papal ency
clicals to popular practice inmost areas through
out the Church. By now in most dioceses of the
U. S. the dialogue Mass is the accepted and nor
mal form of public worship. The use of English
in the administration of Baptism, Matrimony and
many of the sacramentals is already almost vene
rable. The increasing number of churches in this
country where Mass is offered with the celebrant
facing the congregation are still
| something of a novelty. But in
] Europe this has already become
common and was the daily oc-
| currence at the Mass preceding
the plenary sessions of the Va-
tical Council. There can be lit—
[tie doubt that the second ses-
Ision of the Council will pro-
Iduce at least a framework for
further development of the li
turgy of the Mass and the Sacraments which will
include broader active participation by the faith
In the midst of this liturgical development it is
imperative that we not be satisfied with purely
external change. We need to evaluate each stop
by careful comparison with the end and purpose
of the liturgy. This end and purpose must be
conceived as the external glory of God delibera
tely and consciously achieved by the assembled
community of the Church. Through the liturgy the
members of the Church knowingly and with under
standing offer themselves and their homage to
Almighty God. The liturgy is sacramental inso
far as it is designed to foster and embody that
understanding and the sentiments that proceed
The silent, passive presence of the faithful in
the church where Mass is being offered is in it
self meaningless in terms of the liturgy. Just as
there is an inherent contradiction in the notion
of liturgy, which' is external and public worship,
not being outwardly and actively participated in by
those who are offering it, so also there is an in
herent absurdity in an attitude that would be satis
fied with purely external participation. There is no
great value to be gained from an unknowing reci
tation of even the most sacred words. While we
are at the Latin stage of the Mass and
for as long as we remain at that stage, the demand
made upon the conscience of the faithful is the ef
fort to understand and to recite knowingly their
particular portions of the Mass rite. This demands
greater effort, to be sure, than if the language of
the Mass were immediately understandable. That
does not, however, furnish an excuse from such an
There can be no objection against advocating
further liturgical development. In die meantime,
however, an honest attitude will face the present
situation as well as possible. A syndicated co
lumnist in the Catholic press has complained
against the latin dialogue Mass because it is, on
the one hand, incomprehensible to the faithful,
and on the other, interferes with their use of the
English missal. If he had marshalled the argu
ments for the use of the vernacular, this would
hardly be original and it would be entirely unob
jectionable. But merely to complain about the
present stage of development seems ungracious at
best. With a little effort, the dialogue Mass, even
in latin, can be followed with ease and no con
fusion with the help of an English translation.
The important thing is to participate with under
standing and that is quite possible.
A bit of homework would be of considerable
help. Of particular importance would be the
effort of parents to help their children learn
to recognize the various parts of the Mass
that are said out loud, and to - know them and.
their significance by heart.
Friendship To Altar
vHis< Holiness hopes that jour
nalists everywhere will be guided
by the same sense of responsi
bility and the deep regard for
truth which characterized his
father during his years in the
newspaper field. The press, the
Pope insisted, should be animated
by solid principles of virtue and
should not be swayed by affec
tion; it has a mission in the
service of truth, democracy and
progress which it must fulfil with
JULY 28, EIGHTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTE
COST. The average modern Catholic may not
think of it in this way, but one of the purposes
of our public worship is to help us make fri
ends, friends who share a Faith, a life-view.
God calls us together in the liturgical assem
bly to renew th e covenant he has offered us as
a family, as a community, as friends. Everyman's
life is informed by a spirit—though the spirit
may be materialism or pleasure or power.
Today's First Reading teaches that die Spirit
of the Christian's life is not a what but a who,
the Holy Spirit of God. And life
in the Spirit must be nourished
by friend who share the same
Spirit (Gospel). This does not
mean we will not have or should
not have other friends. It does
mean that the liturgy offers us
an opportunity to love and sup
port and encourage our brothers
in the Faith and in the Spirit.
Relating friendship to the
altar, and being a friend at Sunday Mass, streng
thening the social and family ties of the worship
ing community, can save us from the crass
level of friendship of the Gospel steward, assur
ing "our spirit, that we are children of God."
MONDAY, JULY 29, ST. MARTHA, VIRGIN.
!Y FR. ROBERT W. HOVDA
Priest of the Pittsburgh Oratory)
There is a divine jealousy (First Reading) when
we forsake the Sunday assembly of worship, when
He comes and fails to find us watching (Gospel).
"For I betrothed you to one spouse," the Ch
urch teaches the Church in the first lesson.
The Church teaches because it is Christ's Body,
the instrument through which He works on earth
today. The Church is taught because it is not
all Head, its members are disciples, students of
TUESDAY, JULY 30, MASS AS ON SUNDAY.
"Give an account of thy stewardship," says
the symbol of God in Jesus' Gospel story. Res
ponsibility is a key and distinguishing note of the
Christian view of man. It is mysterious, too,
this human responsibility. God is almighty. We
can do nothing without His help. We pray in
today’s Collect for "the spirit of right thought
and right action.” Yet the moral life, the life
of love, is as truly our doing as it is His.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 31, ST. IGNATIUS,
CONFESSOR. "The Society of Jesus," while it
may not be the most modest title in the his
tory of ecclesiastical organizations, is certainly
a bold and affirmative one. The texts of to
day’s Mass tell us much about that Society.
The First Reading in its bold fearlessness, its
willingness to suffer for the sake of the good
news, proclaims, "The word of God is not bound."
The Gospel is Jesus* own exhortation to mission
THURSDAY, AUGUST 1, MASS AS ON SUNDAY.
Worship is a part of wisdom, a great part of
that wisdom which the steward (Gospel) did not
possess for all of his sharpness and his cunning.
And "nature," as the First Reading uses the
term, means (not sex or material things) a
Godless and worship-less existence. It means
man alone and "on his own," isolated from
Father and brothers. "A life of nature" is a
life without worship.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, ST. ALPHONSUS MARY
DE LIGUOR1, BISHOP, DOCTOR. A familiar
Chrisitian theme—the teaching of others, the
missionary task—is the dominant one in today’s
Mass, as we commemorate the founder of an
other of the religious congregations. The hymns
as well as both lessons remind Christians that
the Word in whom we belive is dependent upon
our words an our zeal for sharir^.
AUGUST 3, MASS OF ST. MARY ON SATURDAY.
"My God has granted me a share in his own
domain," says the Old Testament lesson, app
lied in today’s Mass to the Mother of our Saviour.
She speaks for all of us, for the human race
which finds in the Christian message a dignity
and even a glory to which it could not other
wise aspire. As theologian Karl Rahner tells us,
a Christian theology of Mary is possible because
a Christian theology of man is possible.
BY GERARD E. SHERRY
President Kennedy's steps last week to alleviate
the Balance of Payments problem in relation to
the dollar have special reference to the enor
mous tourist trade between the U. S. and Europe.
Mind you, it's too one-sided to be of much aid
to this country. Not enough Europeans are com
ing here and far too many Americans (from a dol
lar drainage point of view) are going there.
These lines are being typed in Edinburgh, Scot
land. The place is full of Americans, as well as
Germans, French, Dutch and Swiss. The United
Kingdom is enjoying a boom year in industrial
output and tourism. And things have changed in
this tight little Island since I was here some four
years ago. Everyone looks prosperous and every
thing is looking more modern than I could ever
The major towns are going American in habits
and profile. Milk bars and drug stores are becom
ing the fashion. The old chemist shop has lost its
bath salt aroma and it is coming more and more
to resemble the Rex-
all drug outlet on our
own Main Street. The
corner sweet shop is
still there, but it has
taken to selling
bread, milk and all
the other small items
one forgot to get at
the fishmonger, the
butcher and the bak
er. The corner gro
cer is converting into supermarket practices and,
in the large towns, he's almost out of business.
The chain growers have become the English
answer to the A&P.
All is not lost, however. The countryside is
about the same. The towns are not spreading
out as much as they are going up. Modem flats
house the millions recently in slums and over
crowded inner cities. There’s still a lot to be
done, but the new face is there for all to see. The
British may have lost their Empire but they are
knuckling down to the new conditions and appear
to be making more headway than they ever dream
ed was possible.
Typical of the contradictions involved, most of
this prosperity is the result of the actions of the
Conservative Government of Prime Minister Mc
Millan. Yet recent election results, and opinion
polls, show "Mac's" party to be most unpopular.
The reasons are varied. The Conservative Go
vernment has been in power for more than 12
years. There is a general feeling that there is
time for a change—this despite the fact that
everyone agrees that they never had it so good.
The Labor Opposition leaders look young and vi
tal, even if their philosophy calls for more na
tionalization of major private enterprise. They
offer fresh solutions to pressing national and in
ternational problems—and few people bother to
ponder whether the socialist policies will work in
practice. I think the common attitude among the
working people is that the Labor Party (Socialists)
should be given a chance to do even better than
Strangely enough, the Profumo Scandal has not
affected the British voters as much as is made
out in the U. S. press. After all, the Conserva
tives were losing elections long before it broke.
Indeed, I have found a rather disconcerting apathy
among the ordinary people. The standard of living
is up so much that there is a rather Hellenic
atmosphere in many places. People seem much
more interested in pleasures than problems.
Hardly anyone shows concern about Castro’s Cuba.
Berlin is just a place where some British troops
are holding a line; and South Vietnam and Laos
are so far away. It's summer, too, and the sea
side is just around the corner. Why should they
bother about the Cold War and other "mundane"
But the contradictions or paradoxes continue to
astound the observer. The Catholic contribution
to the current British campaign to Feed the Hun
gry project, sponsored through a U. N. committee,
amounts to some sixty thousand pounds (about
$168,000), from a tenth of the population. This
money will help needy people throughout the world.
In addition, British newspapers abound with ap
peals from all kindfc of committees whose aims
are assistance to underdeveloped areas of the
world. The beaches and playlands are crowded
with the fun-loving, but those who care about
their country and the world, still seem to get the
headlines and appear successful in their endea
I mentioned the countryside of Britain—it still
has that same charming look and remains almost
unspoiled. The trouble is to get there. In the past
three years, British car production has almost
trebled and this has led to the good old American
plan of buying on time—hire-purchase plan it is
called. The vast increase in cars on the roads
has made driving quite a nightmare. It is nigh im
possible to get in or out of London, yet people at
tempt it every day. Commuting to work to and
from the suburbs becomes a daily exercise in
patience and fortitude. The roads were never made
for anything other than Roman chariots and some
highways date back to the days of Hadrian’s
All over the country roads are finally being
widened to cater to two lane traffic on either side.
But while this is being carried out, one lane traf
fic remains. It took me four hours to go seventy
miles in one rural area around Devon. And on a
trip from London to Canterbury, I was on the
road for 5 1/2 hours for the 42 mile distance.
There are some major four lane highways going
north and south but they are, for the most part,
always under repair, and one averages about 35
miles an hour, even where there is no speed
Television is also full of paradoxes in Britain.
New scasts are vastly superior to those of the aver-
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