“ The ferment of a free, h preferable to the torpor of a despotic, Government.”
ATHENS, GEORGIA, SEPTEMBER 14,1882.
’he Southern Banner,
is PUBLISHED IN THE TOWN OF ATHENS,
GEORGIA, EVERY FRIDAY,
by alrosx chase.
Term^-—Ttircr? dollars per year, payable in advance,
or Four dollars if delayed to the end of the year. The
latter amount will be rigidly exacted of *11 who fail to
kneel their payments in advance.
I No subscription received for less than one year, un-
rj,, SJ the money is paid in advance; and no paper will
■^discontinued until all arrearages are paid, except at
Ehc option of the publisher. A failure on the part of
Jjiibscribers to notify us of their intention of relinquish-
fnent, accompanied with the amount due, will be enn-
hidcred as equivalent to a new engagement, and pa-
■ Anrr.KTiscMevTS will be inserted at the usual rates.
|£j»AII Letters to tho Editor on matters connected
I 'ivnth the establishment, must be poet paid in order to
I 1 CP N plies of tbe sale of Land end Negroes by Ad-
Iministrators, Executors, or Guardians, muBt be publish-
Icd »Wg days previous to tbe day of sale.
[ The sale or Personal Property, in like manner, must
If be published forty days previous to the day of sale.
I Notice to debtors and creditors of an estate must be
| published forty days.
I Notice that Application will be made to the Court of
I Ordinary for Leave to sell Land or Negroes, must be
| Notice that Application will be made for Letters of
I Administration, must be published (Airly days, and for
| Letters of Dismission, si* months.
| MAIL ARRANGEMENT
L COACH now runs twice a
Fweek from Athens, by way of
wrDaniclsville,Madison Springs and
L Carnesville, to Clarkesville; leaving Athens every
■ Tuesday and Saturday at 6 A. M. and arriving at
IClarkesvillo Wednesday and Sunday evenings—Leave
iCIarkeaville Tuesday and Saturday at C A. M. and ar-
[rivo at Athens every Wednesday and Monday ev^*
nines. The Stage line is continued from Clarkeaville
to Conperstown every Sunday, and returns to Clarkes*
Ivillo every Monday; and will convey passengers to
ICooperstown, Gainesville, the Falls, Gold Mines, and
llron Works, on Tuesday and Friday of each week. By
[this arrangement the regular Stage from Augusta to
I Carnesville, by way of Petersburg, is met evory Wed*
I nesday, going and returning, at Carnesville—and the
I Augusta and Milludgeville Stages arc regularly met at
I Athens evorv Monday and Wednesday evenings; so
I that the mail and passengers will not bo detained on
j either routo from Augusta to Clarkesville. Passengers
I leaving Augusta Thursday morning, can reach Coo-
I perstown Sunday evening by way of Athens; or loavo
I Augusta Sunday or Monday morning, they can arrive
I at Clarkesville Wednesday evening, either by the
Athens or Petersburg Stages.
fCP* fate, eight cents per mile.
THOMAS KING, Contractor.
August 31— 24—4t.
T HE Co-partnership of Hutcuns & Holt, in the
practice of Law, has been dissolved by mutual
consent. They will jointly attend to all unfinished bu
siness. ' NATHAN L. HUTCHINS,
Lawrcncctille, August 16—24—It.
Nathan L. Hutchins
W ILL continue in the practice of Law, in Gwin
nett, and in tho counties of Hall, Jackson,
Walton, Newton, DeKalb, and Cherokee.
Lawrenccvillc, Angus? 31—24—4t.
W ILL continue the practice of Law. in Gwinnett,
and in the counties of Walton, Hall, and
Cherokee, of the Western, and Coweta, DeKalb,
Campbell, Carroll, and Heard, of tho Chattahoochee
Lawrcnceville, August 31—34—41.
fey* Tito Georgia Journal and Augusta Constitu
tionalist, will insert tho above for one month.
H. & H.
THE THOROUGH BRED STALLION
H I IS airivedat his stable in Wash
ington, Wilkes county, (Gs.)—
and will commence the Pali Season on
the first day of September ensuing, at
J’i/temTloilars the single service, to bo psid at hand—
Twenty dollars the season, to be paid at any time with
in the season—and Tkirty dollars for insurance, to be
paid as soon a3 the mare may be ascertained to be in
foal, or transferred from the possession of the person
who engages her. Fifty cents to the groom, in hand,
for every mare. The Fall season will expire on the
fuel of November. Tho next Spring season will com
mence on tho first of March at hie present stand. Any
gentleman becoming responsible for the season of five
marcs may havo tho season of a sixth gratis Good
pasturage will bo provided gratis; for marcs sent from
a distance; they will be fed with grain at 35 cents per
day. Every care will be taken to provent accidents or
escapos—but the proprietors of the horse will not be
responsible for any that may occur. Jt is our expecta
tion to make the present stand of Quidnunc a perma
nent one—and every effort will be made to do justice
to those who may encourage his services.
Quidnunc is . rich blood-bay, with black legs, mane
And tail, fifteen hands, three inches high, six years old
next epring, of fine action, bone and hair.
Quidnunc has been purchased at Baltimore, on high
recommendation, with a view to improve the stock of
Southern horses. His high origin justifies the expec
tation that this object may be accomplished. He was
gotten by the full blooded imported Arabian Bagdad,
(who was aold in New York for 18,000.) out of the
famous thorough brad mare Rosa Carey, by Sir Archy
—Rosa’s dam was Sally Jones, by the importod
Wrangler—lie by Diomea, sire of Sir Archy—haying
two direct crosses of the Archy blood with thorough
Arabian blood. Hit pedigree is not only jirit rate, but
mtkntie. See American Turf Register, Nov. 1831,
page 153. It u presumed that Quidnunc has the es
sential properties of a racer—for he wti entered for the
** Maryland Stallion sweep etakes,” against all stallions
in that stale, and no entry eras made against him; (in
American Turf Register, Dee. 1831, p 105,)—and he
was sold out of training by P. Wallis, F.»q. to the pie.
■ent proprietors. (American Turf Reg. My, 1833,
page573.) I>. P. HILl.llnUSE,
R. A. TOOMBS.
Washington, Anguit 31—34—31.
To Stage Proprietors*
W AY-BILLS constantly on band and for
salo at (be Office'of tbe South. Danner.
University of Virginia*
VWVHE next Session will begin on the JOlli Septein-
B ber, and end on the 30th July, following.
The expenses of the whole Annual Session are as
Board, washing, lodging and attendance,, ||00
Fuel and candlei, it cost and 5 per cent, com
mission, estimated at 30
Rent of a Dormitory SIC—for half, if occupied
by two students, 8
Use of the library and public rooms
Fees—ifone Professor be attended, $50—if two,
each $30—if more than two, each $35, 75
Total, exclusive of clothes, books, and pocket
The Faculty is composed of the following Professors:
1. Of Ancient Languages, Dr. Gesner Harrison.
3. Modern Language!, Dr. Geo. Blxttermann—Tu
tor, Mr. Nerve.
3. Mathematics, Charles Bonnycastle, Esq.
4. Natural Philosophy. I)r. R. M. Patterson.
5. Chemistry and Materia Meiica, Dr. John P. Em
6. Medicine, Dr. Rnbley Dunglison.
7. Anatomy and Surgery, Dr. Thomas Johnson.
8. Moral Philosophy, George Tucker, Esq.
9. Law, John A. U. Davis, Esq.
There are also sepsrate teachers of Elocution, Music,
and Fencing, who are permitted by tho Faculty to give
instructions in these ornamental branches of Educa
The offices of Proctor and Patron if the Students, are
now united, and havo been confetred on Wm. G. Pen
Professor Tucker has been appointed Chairman if the
Faculty fur the ensuing session.
The attention of Parents and Guardians is particular
ly requested to the following provisions in the Enact-
No Student can be admitted under sixteen years of
age, except where he has a brother in the University
Every Student must, before matriculation, deposit
with the Patron all the money, drafts, Ac. in his posses
sion ; and the amount must be at least sufficient to pay
his fees, rents, Ac. and three months’board. All funds
subsequently received by him must also be deposited
with the Patron, who has chargo of his disbursements.
He is required tu wear, on all occasions when out of
his dormitory, a uniform dress, particularly described in
the enactments, which is at once cheap and becoming,
and which may be procured on moderate terns in Char
The student may select the Professois he means to
attend; but if he is under twenty-one, he must attend
at least three of the nine echo- >ls, unless, when he matri
culates, his guardian prescribe in writing the schools
he is to att- ml, or unless tho Faculty, for good cause
shown, allow him to attend a less number.
On proving his proficiency, the Student may obtain
a diploma in one or more of the several schools. The
graduate in the schoulof Ancient languages, Mathema
tics, Nulural Philosophy, Chemistry and Moral Philo
sophy is entitled to the’degree if Master of Arts.
<. GEORGE TUCKER,
Chairman of the Faculty,
The Lectures will commence with the session on the
10th September, and be regularly continued till the
30th July following—a course more than twice as long
as at any Medical College in the Union.
The arrangement of subjects is as follows:
Physiology,- Pathology, and Medical Jurisprudence,
Roblet Dunglison, M. D.
Chemistry, Materia Mediea and Pharmacy, John P.
Emmet, M. D.
Anatomy and Surgery, with Dissections, Thomas John
SON, M. IJ.
Dr. Dnnglisot) will also deliver a course of Lectures
on the Philosophy of Natural History.
The Anatomical Museum is already in n condition to
elucidate the Lectures oil Anatomy and Physiology,
and is daily receiving additions. The surgical appara
tus is believed lobe equal to any in the Union, dll the
other facilities for tho study of Anatomy aro also pos
sessed here ss amply as in any other Medical College.
A course of Lectures in tho Medirsl Department
here, is considered in tho University of Pennsylvania
as equivalent to a course in that institution.
^*7 OF THE
Grand Jury of Jackson County,
August Term, 1833. i
W E the Grand July selected and sworn for the coun
ty of J&ckBon, having disposed of all tile ordina-
S business which devolved upon them, believe it to be
eir duty and as well their right, to express their senti
ments on matters of public importance to tho country,
B resent as a grievance, tho abolition of thq Penitentiary
yatem at the last session of the Legislature. The man
agement of the vicious and ill disposed portion of commu
nity, has been the anxious object of attainment among all
governments. But human laws us yet have ever proved
inadequate to the entire prevention of crimes. It should
be the object of all Legiilatures, never to transcend the
bounds and limits of reason and humanity by inflicting
punishments disproportionate to the.crimes to wliieh they
are annexed. It is not pretended that the Penitentiary
System prevents to any very considerable extent, more
than the present system oflaws, the commission of crimes;
but confinement at hard labor is certainly more in ac
cordance with the spirit and reason of this enlightened
age, and the dictates of humanity and philanthropy, than
the barbarous end heathen systen) of branding, and crop-
ping, and whipping the freemen pf the land like catuc
OF THE STATE OF GEORGIA.
T HE Trustees of this Institution, impressed with
the great importance of affording tho facilities ol
acquiring a complete Medical Education in nur own
State, and in our own climate, have under the authori
ty of their charter organised a Medical College in the
city of Augusta, and elected the lollowing Professors,
L. A. Dugas, M. D. on Anatomy and Physiology.
Jos. A. Eve, M. D. on Materia Medics and Thera
John Dent, M. D. on tbe Institutes and Practice of
M. Antony, M. D. on Obstetrics and disease! of wo
men and children.
L. D. Ford, \l. D. on Chemistry andParmacy.
Paul F. Eve, M. D. on Surgery.
Tho Trustees respectfully call thf attention of the
public to the distiuguishing/eoulun of their plan ol in
struction. The course wUt be sir months instead of the
usual period of four, by which extension of lime, the
Lectures will be Ices crowded, and an opportunity
afforded for more minute daily examinations. That the
Lectures may be interesting snd satisfactory, the ne
cessary apparatus and preparations have been ordered
from Europe and the North.
Candidates for the Doctorate are required tu be of
good moral character; to have attended at least tan
full course* of Lectures in this Institution, or one in
some other respectable Medical College and a second
in this r in addition to the uaual term of private atudy;
to have registered their names, and delivered to the
Secretary an inaugural dissertation on somo medical
subject, one month previous to the conclusion of the
The course will commence on the third Monday fn Oc-
tober next, and terminate the third Wednesday in April.
The expense of the full course of Lectures will be
Graduation Fee, $10.
Good Board may be obtained in the vicinity of the
Institute for $13 per month.
The heahhintas of Augusta and economy to the
student, need no comment.
Published by order if the Board.
AUGUSTUS B. LONGSTRBF.T,
President of tho Board of Trustees.
L. D. FORD, Secretary.
A S apprentices to the Tailoring Business, two inUl-
Ugent bojfs, between tbe ages of 14 and 16 years.
None need apply tat those who can come well recom
mended for industry and sobriety.
Athens, August 10—51—4t.
ana slaves. It is absurd too, to rflix the punishment of
death to so many small offences, because the punishment
is greater than the crime. Goveinment should bo ever
cautious in assuming and exercising the high prerogative
of shedding human blood, and antsting human life. It
is betterto confine criminals whosj crimes are too great
to be passed over lightly, and yet loo small to deserve the
last punisluncnt which nature ciinjbcar, and thereby take
away the power for a season of committing crimes, than
to let their blood rest upon the country, by consigning
them to a hasty and ignominious death. It is said by
good authority, that the vilest sinner may return; so may
tne vilest culprit reform, and there |s no method of punish
ment that has ever yet been devised, which more assur
edly conduces to that reflection and solemn meditation,
which is always necessary to produce a thorough convic
tion of error, and a true and genuino repentance there
from, than moderate and steady labor by day, and close
and solitary confinement by night; which b the plan now
adopted in the penitentiary of the State. Un the score of
expense, wo are of opinion that the aggregate amount of
money which will have to bo paid by all the counties in
the State, for the confinement of criminals in tho county
jails, will be much greater than the amount of appropria
tions by tho Legislature for the support of the Penitentia
ry. Besides the expenses of the institution, arc gradually
lessening under improved plans of management and op
eration, and the probability is strong and brightening,
that the labour of the convicts will soon defray all the in
cident attendant expenses, and cease to be a burthen to
the State. In every other State in which the experiment
has been tried except in Georgia, the most beneficial re
sults have been produced, and in many of the States, the
Penitentiaries, instead ot being a tax and a burthen, are
sources of considerable revenue. This then, is conclu
sive proof that in tho matter of expenses, tho fault does
not rest in the system itself, but in its improper and de
fective management and execution. The act passed at
the lost session, declaring the abolition of the Penitentiary
mode of punishment. revives a multitude of old punish*
ments unknown to tne young and rising generation and
quite forgotten by tho old, and the wisdom of our Legis
lature, hus thus left us much in tho predicament in which
the Roman people weie onco placed by one of their tyrant
Emperors, whom order to entrap his subjects and gratify
his thirst for blood, wrote his edicts on tablets, and sus
pended them so liigh in the air,that none could read them.
Many of /ho punishments now affixed to crimes are un
known to our Magistrates and Lawyers; others rest m
the breast of our Judges, and tho whole of them aro scat
tered in tho chaos and confusion of obsolete und antiqua
ted laws, and have to be gathered therefrom by long and
laborious legal research and investigation, which still
leaves somo of them in perplexity and doubt
In making this presentment of our views, wo would not
impugn tho motives of the majority of the lost Legislature
that abolished the system. But believe that they voted in
accordance with tho wishes of a majority of their constitu
ents. But after experiencing the practical operation of
the old law,public opinion has been changed, and that it
would now favor the ro-cstabhshmcnt of the late Penal
Code. Wo therefore recommend and request our mem
bers to tho next Legislature, to use their best efforts to
procure a repeal of the law of the lost Session, and a re
establishment of the Penitentiary System.
Wo recommend to our fellow-citizens to meet on the
first Monday in November next, to elect three delegates
to a Convention, to reduce tho number of members in the
Legislature to be held at Milledgeville on tho first Mon«
day in February next, in conformity to the recommend*
tion of tho preliminary convention which assembled in
May last We deem it needless to say any thing in re
gard to the measure of reduction, us the wiahes und sen
timents of the people of this county huve been repeatedly
expressed by former Grand Juries, and clearly, truly and
unequivocally set forth in tho speeches and votes of our
members in tne last and former Legislatures.
We have examined the insolvent list presented to us by
Robert Allen, Tax Collector of this county, and have al
lowed him thereon, the sum of one hundred und fifty dol-
The Jury present as a grievance, what they believo to
be a defect in tne present road law, in the appointment of
road comminrioncrs. The Court when in session ap
point commissioners—the law allows the person appoint
ed, ten days to notify tho Court of his non acceptance
—the Court will not bo in session for six month thereaf
ter, and in conscauence, the district is without a board for
wx months, which may happen in the same way for years
in succession. We therefore recommend the subject to
the consideration of the next Legislature, that the defect
may bo cured.
In thus performing tho last duties required of our body
at the present term, we would express our entire appro
bation of the official labors of his Honor Judge Dougherty,
and tender him our thanks for his politeness and atten
tion to this body. We would also express our approba
tion of the official conduct of Joncph Ligon, Esq. Solicitor
General pro ten*. We request that these our present
ments be published in the Southern Banner and Georgia
Gazetto at Athens.
Joseph J. Singleton, Foreman.
William D. Marlin, John W. Glenn,
Leonidas Few, Glenn Phelps,
Eli Shankle, John Eskridge,
Samuel Barnett, John G. Pillman,
Robert Kirkham, Win. McGinnis,
Thomas C. Barron, M. II. Pittman,
David M. Burnt, Perry Bowen,
Joseph McLester. Tandy Key,
Jamet Liddlt, Edward Story,
On motion ofJowph Ligon, Sol. Gen. pro tern. it is
ordered that the foregoing presentments be published a*
requested by the Grand Jury.
A true copy from the minutes.
SYLVANUS RIPLEY, Clk.
* FOR THE SOUTHERN BANNER.
met again—oeain I heard
The thrilling tones so long endeared,
So wrapped in memory ;
The eye that beamed the mystic spell,
When tears enshrined the fond farewell,
Still beams love’s majesty. ,
And Time, tlmt knows no changing tide,
On all of earthly things beside,
„ His seal of change hath set—
The naiad foim that bound ins then,
Was brighter when we met again,
Than when at first tvu met—
And every charm I held so dear,
Was glow ing still more lovely there,
Mure soft and richer too;
The lily hand once pleased in mine, .
And soul-lit face, my bosom's shrine,
Gives stilt a brighter hue.
And 1 have sat *t evening hour,
Beneath seme lone and luvely bower,
In wild, secluded glen;
And weary hours, without u ray
Of sun-lit hope, hud passed aw ay,
Until we met again,
And she had turned a thought on me,
More pure than pearls beneath theses,
Or gems of earths and when
We met again, that form of grace >
Was clasped in une long, lung embrace—
When shall we meet again 1
ron THE SOUTHERN BANNER.
Far, far o’er the hills, ’initl the deep f Test shades,
Where nature reposes in primeval bloom,
Where the voice of each stream with music pervades
The bright, sonny landscape—or valley in gloom;
Oh I thither the heart in rcmetnbranco oft flies,
And counts o'er its pies.urea now withered and gone,
And feels, as it views them, in mqmory rise.
What it only can fool, when hopes have all flown.
I think of the smile which once played around thee,
Of thy fairy-liku form, thy lovo beaming face,
Yet memory, though joyous the picture may he,
In anguish, its transports, forever will trace.
To the roseate bowers which circle thy hnrne,
Oh! yet do I turn in remembrances sad;
But it is not that dark and enduring gloom,
Now settles o’er thnt once harmonious glade.
Oh! it is nut that there pale sorrow’s enthroned
O’er the ruins of .11 that affection holds dear,
That the flowrots of life all now lie entombed,
Unmarked by a atone, or unwashed by a tear.
Oh 1 Mis not that whero tho mild zephyrs onco played,
In light soothing gales forevor revelling;
Unheard in their prisons of ice, are now laid,
Nu more the faint check, full kindly reviving.
And 'tis not that roses have drooped 'nesth the ray
Of the sun, or the mild booming stars of tho night
Havo vanished, and shrouded in gloom snd diemny,
Tho best hopes of tho heart, the soul’s purest light.
But it is that cursed fate, unfeeling in wo,
Regardless of all that brings happiness free,
Still binds me in chains which I cannot break through,
And toars me lurover— forever—from then.
But yet rnay one hope—e’en allotted to mo;
Despising the present, jet filled with the past—
Roach down the far future, adverse though fate be ;
I may clasp thee in love, and own thee ut last.
ONE CENT REWARD.
R ANAWAY from the subscriber nn the 39th ult.
an indented apprentice, named JOHN I.ITTLE,
aged shout 17 years. All persons are forbid harbor
ing or trusting said a,.prentice nn my account, as I
will pay nu debts of hie contracting, and the utmoat
penalty ol the law will be inflicted on uy on* who
shall Ire found harboring him.
Athens, August 17—33—41.
Letter from Judge Wavno In a Committee of the cil
izons of Savannah, declining their invitation to a public
Savannah, Jlugust 20, 1832.
Gentlemen,-I thank you sincerely fur your
kind and commendatory communication, “ of
the approbation of my follow citizens, of my
condtirt as n Representative m tiro Congress
of the United Stales.” My efforts have bpen
directed to deserve the confidence of all my
constituents, hot it portion nfthem having mis
apprehended the reasons and motives which
induced mo to vole for the “ act to alter and
amend the several nets imposing duties upon
import*"—the approval of that vote by my lei
low-citizen* of Chatham, Income* the more
acceptable, and cull* for my wannest grati
tude. Given n* it ha* been, by n community
having nn enlightened apprehension of tho
interest* of our county and our Hlnto, conver
sant with llioir prdilicul condition arid connex
ion, ttnd with Ilia he*! mean* of preserving
them in unimpaired efficiency for posterity-
sensitive of south, rn honor and of southern
right*, und which hnvo hnd for morn lhan a
generation, an uninterrupted associnlinn with
the democracy of the nation, the approbation
of my fellow-citizen* ofChaihnm, will bercceiv.
ed now, nnd nl nil times, as a timely testimonial
to shield my public course from iniecnnuepiion.
I feel the favor, and ita effect upon myself
shall he the industrious application of my time,
nnd such nbility a* I may have, or shall ac
quire, to the public service.
You are right, Gentlemen,in saying, that ihe
vote which you commend, exhibit* ntluchmenl
to Ihe Union and my opposition to tho protec
tive system. I knew there was among our-
selves a justifiable excitement against it, and
that we had complained and remonstrated, as
a people and a sovereign State, (hat tho system
wua unconstitutional, and unjuit in ita opera,
lion*; I knew al«o, iftho last session of Con
gress should be terminated without any modifi.
cation of the Tariff, in some of those particu
lars, which bore moat heavdy upon the ptanto.
tion states, and without nn alteration to gradu.
ate future revenue to the most economical
anticipation of national wants—to what extent
the excitement already existing in Georgia
might he inflamed in the bosom of a warm
hearted and patriotic people, operuted upon
by the recollections of unrequited forbearance,
and stimulated l*y tbe artifice* of an external
j ambition, industriously seeking, and'whicb has
been long contriving to convert the common
sufferings of several Slates in one particular
•—without a single other community of princi
ple, which Georgians believe should limit the
powers end legislation of the General Govor*
ment—into onn political union party, fcf more
remote ends than the redress of Southern grie
vances. And this too—if the longings of that
ambition shall have only indefinite hopes of
gratification—without regarding tbe deeper-
ntenesa of the remedy it shall propose for
Southern wrongs,the permanent impress it may
make upon our constitution and upon the char*
ncter of our people, and its embarrassing effect^
upon anadministration. which is with us, avow*
edly in the principle of reducing our impost
revenuo into an entire equality of effect upon
all interests; and jfn admi.iistrntioo, t» which
Georgia is already more indebted, and is to’
be still further—more indebted, than to nifty
other, since tho foundation of ftur Govern*
ment. In tho existing etate of (hinge, I could
see no courao as efficient to prevent the con*
sequences to which I havo nllude.d, so prudent
nnd fitted to advance the political andpecunia*
ry interest of Goorgia, os thnt of voting for tho
lesser of two evils, containing it is true, the
protective principle, but against my consent,
and efforts—which forever repealed the Tariff
act of lS29-abolished the system of minimum!*
as rule of universal application for the protec*'
tion of manufactures, it being retained but in a
singlo instance, nnd in that, without either the
expectation or hope of the opposer* of freo’
trade that it will be permanent—which reduces
general taxation seven millions—lessens the
duties upon the protected articles and of south*
ern consumption, three millions of dollars, and
by which the great democratic principle con*
tended for by Jefferson and hia coadjutors,
forty years since, of bringing down national
revenue to the nctual requirements of national
wants, has been unalterably acknowledged.
I did not vote (hr (he act of 1S32, either aa
compromise or adequate concessions of reduc
tions Of our imposts upon foreign merchandize.
The first, constitution:!! obligation and opposi
tion to the protective policy forbado, the other
does not comprehend reduction enough in me*
ny particulars to esinblish equal taxation be
tween the South, the Wcsrnnd (lie North, and
still much nguinst tho South. Repeatedly du
ring the discussion I protested against the'
principle and tho details of the bill—protested
against either being considered the settled pol*
icy, and stand pledged' by my declaration to
wugo a ceaseless warfare against both,' until
the one shall bn expunged from our legislation,'
and duties shall bo assessed by rates operating
fairly upon all interests, and not giving any
Gentlemen—I conseieotloualy believe, that
the only allowable protection which can be
given to manufactures, by the legislation of
Congress, is that which shall be incidental front,
a fittr revenuo impost. I believe ull the Tariff
ucis inclusive of thnt of 1810, havo been unfair
legislation in favor of tho Weal and North
ngninst the plantation Slates. And that they
should with a common energy and common:
design ptiah by constitutional means, the advan
tages which have been obtained end which
aro favoured by tho condition in which the na
tion will be, by an entire freedom from debt,
into a retributive triumph of their constitutional
principles and violated right*. Others and
iliiise for whom I have, even affection, do.not
look upon the prospect ns chcnringly aa I do,
but I think and have acted in company through
out with a largo majority of Southern poll*
tirtans, who are distinguished, talented, and
as determined in opposition to the protective
principle na any one, and all of ihe small mi*
imriiy fiom the South who voted against tho
bill of 1832. Our effort* against it are not to
cease, but we think, the first duly of an almost
holy patriotism, is never to dexpair of tbe Re
I beg you, Gentlemen, to allow mb to de
cline the honor of the dinner to which you
have invited me. I n Ihe present condition of
our community, with pestilence hanging over
our land and the near approach of that season
when we are most liable to disease, we ere
udmonished to avoid ull crowded meetings and’
festivities except such u meeting as tbe rod*
mentous crisis, in the affaire nf our beloved
country may call upon our patriotism to eon*
vone. Should one be held, there will I be
with my fellow-citizona of Chatham, to join in
their counsels, and to luke upon myself that'
portion of responsibility which the occasion
imperiously urges evory citizen to aaiumo.
With great regard for each of you, I am,
genllanten, verv respectfully your obdt. servt.
’ JAMES M. WAYNE.
From the Georgia Courier.
Agreeably to notice the Citizens of Rich
mond County assembled at the City-Hall, it)
•his city on Saturday last, “ for tho purpose
of adopting such Resolutions as the present
crisis muy appear to demand.” The meeting
was organized by calling Gen. Valentine Wat*
ker to the Chair, and appointing James
M’Ltws, Esq. Secretary. Tbe object of the
mooting was announced by reading the public
notice, which had been circulating for 8 or 10
days in the county. On motion of Col. Wnj.
Gumming, it was resolved that Ihe usual ap.
pnintment of a Committee to draft resolutions
&c. be dispensed Kith, end the meeting be de*
dared ready to receive any Resolutions, which