SAVAMAH DAILY HER ATP
VOL. 1-NO. 163.
The Savannah Daily Herald
MORNING AND EVENING}
18 PUBLISHED BY
Q. W. MASON & CO.,
At 111 Bat Sweet, Savannah, Georgia.
per Copy Five Cents.
Per Hundred $3 60.
Per Year . ~, i «10 00,
Two Dollars per Square of Ten Lines for first in
sertion ; One Dollar lor each subsequent one. Ad
vertisement? inserted in the morning, will, if desired,
appear in the evening without extra charge.
In every style, neatly and promptly done.
-- -‘'■l!”'- I
TO ANY AMOUNT.!IN GOOD COMPANIES.
KNICKERBOCKER LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
OF NEW YORK.
NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY OF BOSTON.
Issues ail kinds of Policies of Insurance on Life.
COLUMBIA FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, OF
FULTON FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, OF NEW
EXCELSIOR FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, OF
GEORGIA HOME INSURANCE COMPANY, OF
EUFAULA HOME INSURANCE COMPANY, OF
WOODVILLE INSURANCE COMPANY, OF EU
MARINE AND RIVER INSURANCE.
COMMERCIAL MUTUAL MARINE INSURANCE
COMPANY, OF NEW Y'ORK,
GREAT WESTERN MARINE INSURANCE COM
PANY, OF NEW YORK.
Under Open Policies of these Companies I will take
Risks at regular rates.
Apply to A, WILBUR Agent,
At Office of Home Insurance Company,
Jy2o-lw 6® Bay street, Savannah, Ga.
AT LOW RATES!
COLUMBIAN INSURANCE COMP’Y of NEW YORK
River Risks cx Favorable Terms.
CASH CAPITAL $3,600,000.
The undersigned are ready, through their open poli
cy with the above, to effect Insurance for Augusta,
New York, and Jacksonville,
AT THE LOWEST MARKET RATES.
Mdse, on first-class Ocean Steamers SIOO,OOO
« •, “ bailing Vessels 75,000
u »• »» River Steamer or Flat— 15,000
Shippers will find it to their interest to call before
effecting Insurance elsewhere.
CHARLES L. COLBY A CO.,
JS YOUR LIFE INSURED?
This is an important question for every man and
important also for every wile and mother us it anecis
tneir future welfare.
SEE TO IT AT ONCE. DO NOT DELAY.'
The “Kniekerbocker Life Insurance” of New York
will insure you at the usual rates in any sumlrom *IOO
sjsio.ouu. Tney also issue the favorite lEN YEAR
NON-FORFEITURE Policies, and will alter two years
payment give a full paid up Policy tor Two Tenthstne
whole sum, and Three Years Three lenths, and so
on. Thus a Policy ol SIO,OOO. Two Premiums paid
upon it will be entitled to a paid up Policy ot sAouo.
and live years live-tenths for every additional year.
For further information apply to
A. WILBUR, Agent,
At the office of the Home Insurance Cos.,
jn2T Bay st., Savannah. Oa.^
UK NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSU
RANCE COMPANY, OF BOSTON.
' PURELY MUTUAL.
This is one of the oldest and best Companies in
A Policies on Lives for any amount up to $16,000 are
taken hy them.
The Policies of these Companies were not cancelled
during the war until neard lr..m-a fact which shews
their dealing and determination to be just and hunur
able Uali cases. Apply to wILBpR Ageut
J£IRLIN, BURKE, & BRO.,
ALES, WINES AND LIQUORS,
COBNBK WUITAKEB STREET AND BaV LANS,
ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED AND DELIVERED.
jail ____ , ——
and ATTORNEY FOR CLAIMS,
No. 24T F Street, Between 13th and 14m Stbeetb,
(Near Pay Department,}
WASHINGTON, D. C.
SAVANNAH, GA., THURSDAY, JULY 27, 1865.
i ommission RJnrcbants.
W, B. GRIFFIN A CO.
W. B. Griffin, J. c. Millnxb, p. Plumb.
AUCTION AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Will give prompt attention to all consignments and
make liberal advances when desired. ju26-lm
'TX) SHIPPERS OF COTION AND OTHER
A SOUTHERN PRODUCE.
FENNER, BENNETT A BOWMAN,
Successors to Hotchkiss, Fenner & Bennett.
CO MM ISaION MERCHANTS,
No. 40 Vksey Street, a ,kw Yobs.
• And Memphis, Tenn.
I uomas Fenner, Henry Bennett, D. W. Bowman.
QHARLES L. COLBY & CO.
SHIPPING, COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
JONES BLOCK, CORNER RAY AND ABERCORN STREETS,
LIBERAL CASH ADVANCES
Made on Consignments to the firm of Chab. L. Colby,
of New York, or to our friends in Boston.
MAUDE A WRIGHT, Agents at Augusta, Ga.
Messrs. Dabney, Morgan <fc Cos., New York.
Jarive Slade, Ksq., New York.
Hon. J Wiley Edmauds, Boston.
Gardner Colby, Esq., Boston. Jylß—tt
L. JONES, ~ T ANARUS"“
SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No 17 Broadway, New York.
Liberal advances on Shipments to above Consign
ment, made by
HUNTER & GAMMELL,
Agents Pioneer Line Steamships,
84 Bay Street, Savannah.
Reference in New York—
Messrs, Sfofford, Tileston & Cos.
'YY' oodward - BALDWIN & CO.,
110 Duane Street, New York,
9 and 11 Hanover Street, Balimore,
DRY GOODS COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Liberal advances made on Consignments Sheetings,
Osnaburgs and Yarns. jyis
COMMISSION AND PRODUCE MERCHANT.
Strict attention given to all Consignment.
Corner Broughton and Jefferson Streeus.
J SHAFFER, i .
In all kinds of
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC FRUITS andPRODUCE,
West Washington Market,
Opposite 143 West st., Bulkhead between larclay and
Potatoes, Apples and Onions constantly othand, and
put up for the Southern market
All consignments promptly attenked to.
Refers to A. L. Bradley, A. Hayvood, T. J.
Walsh, and J. H. Parsons.
J.. GUILMARTIN A CO., j
COMMISSION AND SHIPPING MERCHANTS,
NO. 14« BAY s-ffaSET,
(Oppose the City Hotel,}
Particular attentln given to procuring Freights,
and filling orders fc Hard Pine Timber and Lumber,
Cotton, Wool, Hide, &c.
1,. J. GUILMABTIN, OHN FLANNERY. E. W. DRUMMOND.
JylT * lm
jyjITCTIEL A fiIITHS.
GENERAL (DMMISSION MERCHANTS.
Dealers in Shewing, Shirting, Osnaburgs, Yarns,
Rope, Bagging, Minufactured and Smoking Tobacco,
Particular attenton given to the Purchase, Sale and
Shipment of COTTON.
Ralston’s Gbanite Range;—Third Range,
, MACON, GA.
Referenors.— Erwii A Hardee, Claghom * Cun
nine ham, Savannah; L. G. Bowers, 8. M. Farrar, Cos
lumbus; E. B. Longs Cos., L. B. Davis, Augusta; P
P. Pease. V. A. Gaskll, Atlanta. ju2S.lm
QEO. R. CRUMP A CO.,
AUCTION AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
208 Broad Street, Accost a, Ga.
jq2o 3m .
JAMES B. CAHILL.
GROCER COMMISSION MERCHANT,
Cotton Purchased and Shipped. Merchandise
bought and sold on Commission . . ,
Will also take Agencies for the sale of any Goods
and Merchandise required in the Southern market.
U J. SOLOMONS.
Will attend to the Selling or Receiving and For
warding all kinds of Merchandise. Produce, Ac.
Office for the present at the Drug Store of J. M.
Abrahams A Cos.
RIVER AGRICULT URAL WORKS.
GRIFFING, BROTHER A CO., Proprietors,
SS and 60 Cocbtland Street.
Manufacturers of Plows, Harrows, Cultivators, Cot
ton Sweeps, Corn’Mills, Cotton Gins, Ac.
Every implement wanted by the Planter, Also,
dealers in Fluid and Garden Seeds. Also, Agents tor
Bruce’s Concentrated Manure, Bone, Ac.
Send for cireular. ju2o 3m
We the undersigned do hereby agree mutually to
dissolve the Co-partnership heretofore existing be
tween us, under the style and fine of Lomelin, La
hill & Cos., and do hereby further agree that all busi
ness of the late lirm shall be liqui dated and adjusted
by A. C. Lomelin, who alone s hall have power to
sign the name of the late Urns lor auch^purjpose.
F. C. LOMELIN,
JAIMES B. CAHILL,
Savannah, Qa„ July 80, 1866. Jy *
SIXTY BALES HAY,
T onAing from Steamship Arne rica. For sale by
jyC-tf BBIGHHF f, BALDWIN * CO,
Young Men of Savanah in Council
Address of Rev. G< ». G. Smith
u.t Trinity Cl ureh,
An Eloquent and Patiotic Appeal.
Tnnity church was flllei to overflowing
last evening, on the occasorof an address by
the Rev. George Q. Sniitl of the Georgia
Conference, upon the “day of the young
men of Georgia in the prdenl hour. The
simple announcement of thjproposed lecture
in the Herald of Tuesday vening, was suf
ficient to assemble a large idience, compri
sing great numbers of the |>uug men of Sa
vannah, with a fair proportpn of the soldiers
and officers of the post.
Mr. Smith has served at Chaplain in the
Southern Army, and froi the eflects of a
wound received while attending to his duties
as Chaplain, was unable tostand, and, con
sequently, addressed 1 the audience while sit
The meeting was opend with prayer by
Rev. Mr. Wynn. Mr. Sn ih was introduced
to the audience, and deli\ fed the address of
which we present the foib ting synopsis.
The eloquent and stirrinf address of Mr.
Smith was listened to throghout with 'the
closest attention, and aj> eared to create a
profound impression: ;
Mr. Smith said—
The only apology, my -cung countrymen,
I have to offer to you torbecupying my pres
ent novel position, is thejiitense affection I
have for you, and the dfcfp anxiety of my
heart for your future invest. My subject
already announced is “ydir duty in the pres
• The hour is a great onet lis pregnant with
great results, it calls tor ihw duties; let us
know them and meet ‘he(o,
You will remember four jiars ago a conven
tion was called in Georgia, composed of her
ablest and best children, Cobb was there,
Toombs was there, Stepheis was there, pill
tvas there, Johnson was there. Men occupy
ing different stand points, mtertaining differ
ent views, but are actuated by the same lofty
motives, and aiming at the tame end. There
sult of this convention was that the Slate of
Georgia decided to resume lersoveignty, And
enter into another Conleddacy. The result
was war. You were called by her command
to the field, and you responded right gallant
ly. The tide of war oscillated, now vic
tory, now defeat. Great qualities Were de
veloped on both sides. The war has ended,
and in our defeat. What shall we do now ?
The U. S. Government proposes, as a price
we are to pay for citizenship, that we sub
scribe to an oath. This oath requires—Ist.
That we promise to obey the Constitution of
the United States and the Union thereunder;
2diy. That We emancipate our slaves.
to this oath, orTeaving > t£ie f lmi& s ,
ing io this oath or shutting ourselves out of
the pale of citizenship. Shall we accept the
alternative? Unhesitatingly I answer. No.
We cannot forsake the feeble, the maimed,
the aged, the defenceless. The noblest he
roism is that which leads a man to sacrifice
himself; and whatever might be my personal
feelings, I could not forsake these.
Again, your interest will be secured by
subscribing. In all the world you will find
no sphere in which you can act to such ad
vantage as here. What! forsake the homes
your lathers won from the forest and foe, the
graves of your loved, because of a feeling of
pride? No, never.
That you will take this oath without men
tal reservation, I need not say. The man
wi o, from the sanctity of an editorial cham
ber, makes an insinuation to the contrary, is
as base as he is cowardly, and the charge is
as false as it is degrading. If you subscribe
to this oath, it will be in all good conscience.
Your fault was never time-serving treachery
There are those who would have you bow
servilely at the feet of the conqueror, denounce
President Davis a traitor, call imprecations
upon the grey head of our dear old leader,
R E. Lee—and with your own hand brand
yourselves with infamy—but gentlemen they
are not the gallant members of the army
which conquered us, not the Government, hut
Jguoble souls who can understand no prin
ciple of nobility or magnaminity. Asa dis
tinguished Brig. General of the U. S. said to
me to-day, we are not required to think, but
to act Let us take the oath, heartily keep
it aud set to work bravely to reorganize our
Your duty of courtesy to the soldiers among
us is apparent- They show every disposi
tion to be kind, let us meet them—our hopes
against future aggression is in them.
Be magnanimous enough to recognize the
pure motives, which led them into this con
-16 Remember he who insults the strong, pre
suming upon his forbearance, is as cowardly
as he who treats with insult the weakness
0t Remember your duty to the maimed and
<uiflv>rinc of your old comrades, to their wid
ows and orphans. . Obeying the same call
which called you into the field, they have
nnt been so fortunate. They have fallen or
wounded aud nnurned. TUe Go,-
Lament of the United States will not pro
vide tor theirs or them—your own State can
not • it remains tor mdmfiuals to do the
° J. YVe must be lrue to t,li9 To
w . it '.he fatherless and the widow is every
where the dictate of Christianity-to visit
In eh widows aDd such orphans, is to you the
HWate of simple humanity. lam a poor
m«n bv the result of this revolution—a beg
gared man—but never have I been, never will
?be poor, that my log cabin will not:tur
nish a shelter, my table a crust for one of these,
“your duty to the freedmen deserves men
n They were born under our own root,
thev were our playmates in infancy, they
have been our friends in manhood. They
nursed us in sickness,and when we wenttothe
Lmytbey remained and they were tumble
Mid true and stood by us in tnal. By the
(let of the U. S. President they are free.
They did not seek, ask for it, or demand it.
If under the insane excitement of this new
transaction, influenced by the counsels of
minds, they act extravagantly, forgive them,
nor let the ties of affection which bound them
to you, be broken.
When labor and capital comes in conflict,
as it will, a strong temptation will be pre
sented to wrong and oppress them. There
will be danger of re-euacting the scene of
Manchester and Glasgow, of the Coal Mines
of England and great manufacturing estab
Uslnnents everywhere. Resist the tempta
tion, be kind, be just, be tiue.
Co-operate with evciy effort made to ad
vance them. With schools, with churches.
Unlike those of another section we are not
willing to cast them off'but let us stand by
them and laber w.th them. 1 assert fearless
ly here, that young as I am, I limre done
more for the salvation of the soul of the ne
gro and lor his moral elevation than Henry
Ward Beecher ever dared to do, and am to
day prepared for greater sacrifices and labors
for his welfare than are those shriekers, who
call me slave-driver—so have you,so will you.
But, gentlemen, an etfort will oe made to
give to them the right of suffrage. Dcma
gogues and fanatics will second it. We must
resist it. The light of suffrage, like Sin
bad’s old man of the sea, is easy to get on
and hard to get rid of. We refuse it to them
as we refuse it to minors, as the Californian
it to the Chinaman, the western man to the
Indian, and all to Foreigners until they have
been here five years. lam glad Ip see that
President Johnson has had the courage to re
sist lhi9 movemeut. Let him be firm, and
forgetting the past, we will stand by him and
support him in every just measure. When
they shall be elevated sufficiently for this
right, we will yield it, and not till then. We
are aware, gentlemen, that we can control
this power. We are aware, that with it, we
can injure those who clamor for it. But we
would uot, for party or personal purposes,
open such a flood gate of corruption, offer
such a premium for rascality. Let those,
who, for party aims, clamor for it, remember
that there is' such a thing as digging a pit
for another, and falling themselves into it.
The duty, young gentlemen, which you owe
to yourselves is one to which I call your spe
During the progress of this war you be
came weaned from the vices of the city,
the billiard room, the gaming saloon, the
drinking saloon and the brothei. You find
yourself bereft by this revolution of fortune
and with nothing left but your character —see
that •it is kept untarnished. Avoid vices,
cultivate a high Christian virtue. Let a noble
principle of honor, a generous benevolence,
a Christian devotion be yours. Remember,
"That, 'tis orly noble to be good—J
Kind hearts an; more than coronet',
And simple faith than Norman blood."
A nation’s strength is not in its bayonets,
nor the calibre of its guns, but in the virtue
of its people. Oh, I pray you never aiuk to
that degrading avarice, that counts no sac
rifice of nobility, as dear, which make a re
turn in money.
Cultivate, I beseech you, your . native
mind. The intellect of the South is equal
to any other intellect, but heretofore we have
enterThlo therrllft'( I ff’tilt*lKll,-thatjve might
be so no longer. Wp must not only enjoy
the delights of literature, but must share its
toils. Let us bid adieu to ease and say to
labor, thou art my brothe> and let us reach
that position of intellectual excellence to j
which we are entitled. You must be our
statesman, and ministers, our architects, aud
lawyers fit yourselves for the worse before
Again I would urge you to appreciate as
you should the nobility of labor. It has
been charged against us by those who know
as much of the South as they do of the Hot
tentots, that the laborer is scorned among
us. Not so gentlemen; no where has the
true and accomplished man stood more upon
his own merits. We must go to work. We
have lost all but our honor. Off with your
coat then, wield the blacksmith’s ham
mer, stand beside the machinist’s lathe,
plunge into the forests with the surveyor’s
chain, stand behind the handles of the plow,
work anywhgre, everywhere—do unythiug
but fawn and cringe and defraud. Remem
ber that the truest nobility is the nobility of
labor, but while you have the hand of a
peasant, remembier you have the heart
of a prince. In this hour willingly
wilt our noble country-women stand by
you. They have excited our highest
admiration as during these four terrible
years, they have watched and waited, toiled
and wept, but never did they appear so
lovely as now. My admiration for you,
my young countrywomen, was never so
great as now, when bereft of all, you so wil
lingly, so unmurmuriogly go through the
menial labors of the kitchen and the wash
room. I am sure you will not kiss the
cheek less fondly because it is tanned, nor
clasp the hand less warmly because it is
rough—nor will you in the eyes of those who
are your defenders lose a gleam of your trans
cendant loveliness, because of your toils.—
The diadem of industry which you wear
shines brighter than that of on
Eugenie’s regal brow.
The rank is but the guinea's stamp—
The man’s a man for a’ that.
Impoverished as we are, we are not dis
graced. Rise up then and say
“Tarn fortune, tarn thy wheel; thyself and it we nei
ther love nor hate,
Onr hoard is little but our hearts are great;
For man is man, and master of his late.”
The future, my young countrymen, is open
bright before us, if we are true to ourselves.
The old men who see now the labor of lives
swept away are broken spirited and ener
gless We must show them that their sons
are not unworthy of them, and we will re
pair the fortunes which tney lose.
Onr State is boundless in her resources, i
have stood upon the mountain peaks which
bound her northern border. I have stood m
the rich plains through which the Chatta
hoochee flows on the West, besides the broad
Savannah on the East, aud m the Italyol the
State in the South, I make my a nd as
I call up what I know of her I feel a throb
of most exultant hope. swelling
Her mountains conceal in their swelling
bosoms rich treasures of coal, and o,
PRICE. 5 CENTS
copper. Her very river sands are gold. Her
splendid quarries of marble invite the mallet
and saw. Her rich plains, on which cotton,
corn, wheat, rye, barley, oats, sugar cane and
tobacco grow so luxuriantly, are still here.
Here the apple, tbe peach, the cherry, the
pear, the orange, the banana, the olive, the
melon all grow at our bidding. Her forests
are filled with treasures of timber, and when
her pines are bidden, they yield to our call
rich stores of turpentine and rosin. Grand
rivers -permeate her, railroads course over
her, aud all she asks of her sons is industry
and virtue. Shall we forsake her for any
mnd ? No, no! Come to her aid true heart
ed sons of her soil, and she will richly re
The church, the schoolroom, the college,
will all flourish again, and, an independent,
virtuous, religious race, we will rise to a
height of glory we have not dreamed of
lo your work, then, to your work. Let
no whining toues of despair be heard, but
let the air ring with shouts of cheering hope,
a»we enter upon our mission. Shattered
and broken as I am, I may not live to see that
day, but it will come if we are true.
On, then, to the field of glory that awaits
and may God attend you.
The Atlantic Cable.
From the New York World’s interesting
article upon the Great Cable, we condense
the following :
. WHO OWNS THE OREAT CABLE.
The cable and afi the working slock of the
Atlantic Telegraph Company is to be paid
for by collections upon the stock shares of
the many thousand holders. The British
government is heavily interested in the suc
cess of the undertaking, and gives it material
and nautical assistance, with, probably, a
very great subsidy, if it is successfully laid.
But no American vessel will assist this year
iu the paying-out and portage of the wire, as
did the Niagara in ,1858. At the same time,
there are many American stockholders, and
an American, Mr. Cyrus W. Field, has been
most directly and creditably engaged in stir
ring up foreign capitalists to undertake the
laying of the cable a second time. The wire
will be managed entirely by this company,
which will make specitled charges for all
messages passing over it, and, in course of
time, lay other cables.
DEPTH OP THE OREAT TELEGRAPH WIRE.
The present cable will reach from Valentia
harbor, in Ireland, to Heart’s Content bay,
Newfoundland, a curvilinear distance of 1,800
miles, but by submarine irregularities will be
in water of from 1,500 to 2,500 fathoms.
Most of the distance the slopes are gradual
and easy, and considered safe as receptacles
for, cables. Until lately it was supposed that
a part of this truck was exceedingly danger
ous, owing to the supposed abrupt dip, form
ing an abyss, located about one hundred
miles off the west coast of Ireland, and
where the water had been supposed to
deepen iu the space of a tew miles from
about 300 fathoms to neariy.♦»
rapid descent been regarded
with fear by telegraphic engineers, and this
alarm led not long ago to a most careful
sounding survey of the whole of the suppos
ed bank by Captain Dayman, R. N., acting
posed precipitous bank or submarine cliff to
be a gradual slope of sixty miles. Over this
long slope the difference between the great
est Height and greatest depth is 8,760 feet, so
that the average inclination is about 145 feet
pgr mile. This careful survey has furnished
many facts of interest; the bottom of the
ocean is found to be less uneven and wild
than was supposed, particularly on the route
of the cable, where, instead of sharp-cutting
rocks and deep gorges, a greater portion of
the way is covered with ooze-mud and sand.
By means of the attempt to place tbe cable
in its bed, therefore, we derive new and close
knowledge of the status of the ocean bottom.
It is possible that after a while we may hare
as distinct and correct notions of the regi
men of the floor of the ocean, and the posi
tion of this wire, as we now have of the
land telegraph, visible in the air.
DESCRIPTION OF THE CABLE.
The present Atlantic telegraph cable is two
thousand three hundred nautical miles in
length, that is twenty-six hundred English
or geographical miles. The core or central
conductor is composed of seven fine copper
wires, “laid up” or twisted into one strand,
and is insulated with Chatterton’s compound.
Outside of this strand are four distinct lay
ers of gutta-percha, each layer being insula
ted with the same compound which incloses
the conductor. Outside this layer are wound
eleven strong iron wires, each of which, be
fore it is twisted, isr itself carefully “would
ed” with strands of hemp saturated with the
best of Stockholm tar. The structure, there
fore, contains no less than twenty-five thou
sand miles of copper wire, thirty-five thou
sand ot iron wire, and more than four hun
dred thousand miles of hempen strands,
making a grand total ot four hundred and
sixty thousand miles of continuous fabric
which, if knotted together, would reach
around the world twenty times!
The Twenty Thousand Dollaks Clause
in the Amnesty Proclamation.— A Rich
mond letter of the 26th to a New York co
The chief impediment to the reconstruc
tion of the burnt buildings in this city is the
twenty thousand dollars clause in the Presi
dent’s amnesty proclamation. Property
holders are unwilling to make any expendi
tures in the way of improvements with the
doubts as to its ultimate ownership which
that clause occasions. With a view of as
certaining the true intent of Mr. Johnson in
person in respect to persons holding proper
ty above that amount, preparations are on
foot to send a delegation to Washington, and
upon the result of their mission will depend
the future of Richmond. If that clause
shall be enforced, then the city is destmed
long to remain as it is—a hideous spectacle
of chaotic ruin. Everything in the civil and
military policy of the Government tends hut
to discourage and paralyze. It is confident
ly believed here that if Stanton was out of
the Cabinet all would go well with the South.