The Savannah Daily Herald
BY a. w. MASON a CO.
tAUWb » • **‘ ,oir *
W. T THOXPSOH
HAY AN *>™"* *• *l*-
how to obtain the hkiiald iiku.
We Often km corapt-fol* (Tom r«hfonU of «•*<*-
* * they *" ,,0, a,rte 10
cM.n .he V The to "■*“?* *"
* exhaust «n Edition verytoon «!•« iU h»ue.
,n<) -bo*.to ei bto brve the re S a.orly. I
reftrib* sos It. We have Urithfu] Currier. In >
g,„«imxb Hti *t UlUon Heed, a»<s through them we
, Iwin eerve r*£ub>r eub*crioer. first.
E Till! onUi.iuuQce of ibe subject ol tliu Na
tional Finances lias been delayed by a press
of matter, tbe publication of wulcb it was
impossible to defer.
We nmlerstand that Mr. Cohen, one of tbe
delegates from ibis city to tbe Conveniiun,
delivered a speech iu opposition to the repu
diation of tbe tvar debt of tbe State, remark
-B'jle for powerful, dignified «Dd convincimr
argument, which produced a marked
effect upon tue tniads of many of tbe advo
cates of tho repudiation policy.
AVe regret exceedingly that we are not in
jk-sb ssfon of tiie many speeches that have
been made, doubtless, tn tbe Convention upon
tins important question, that we might present
our readers with a synopsis of the argument
edv iro and pro and con, which would be both
Interesting aud instructive.
Whilst we might, and doubtless would,
approve the reasons advanced by those op
posed to repudiation as an abstract proposi
tion unaffected by extrinsic considerations of
snore Importance praododly titan the
merits of tbe proposition itself, wo incline to
tbe opinion that repudiation of ‘.be War debt
of Georgia Is a measure, however distasteful
in ito significance to a high toned and sensi
tive mind, that should bo accepted by tbe
Convention and people as one of the ouly
expedients >y which tbe great object for
which tbe Convention was created can be
acheived, to-wit: The restoration of tbe
State to her former position in- the Federal
Felon. It has been correctly said that tbe
State occupies tbe position of a conquered na
tion. Slate Government and State Sovereignty
are in abeyance, and will bo so held, until
we adopt a government and policy accept
able to the conquerors. A. refusal to accede
tp these conditions would oniy result in a
prolongation of tbe time dutiug which we
shall bo deptlved of a civil government of our
own choice, and continue subject to military
We can only be extricated from this pain
ful and humiliating condition by tho action
ol tbe President, who may issue bis procla
mation restoring tbe State at aoy time when
be may be satisfied that resistance to the
government has ceased.
One of the conditions precedent to such
fC'doD, however, is, “that every dollar of
tho Stale debt created to aid tbe rebellion
ogaiust tbe United States should be repu
diated, finally and forever.” HU language
is imperative, denoting clearly bis determi -
nation not to declare tbe rebellion at an end
until this, with other conditions, are fully
complied with by tbe sovereign authority of
tbe seceding States, respectively.
If our people desire immediate restoration
to tbe Union, and a withdrawal of tbe armies
and ail military authority, and to become
again a sovereign State, in the enjoyment of
tho same rights, privileges and immunities
that were enjoyed before tbe actofseoersinn,
the Convention will act wisely and intelli
gently by heeding the friendly admonition of
tbe President to repudiate the war debt.
Any casuistical argument or pathetic ap
peal in behalf of tho integrity of the State
or the rights of creditors, are inapposite and
powerless in the face of stern realities that
operate to prevent us from acting of our own
free will. Pressed by the relentless force of
revolutionary events, we have abolished
slavery, declared tho act of secession a nul
lity, and we must perform tbe other act re
quired of us, for on this depends our future
relations to tbe National Union. We sought
to separate ourselves from tbe Union, and
failed. The General Government will not
now, therefore, reinstate us iu our old posi
tion until we satisfy that government by more
than mere words that our hostility is at an
Such, then, being the fact, let os go for
ward cheerful y in the discharge of political
duty oa the line marked out by President
Johnson, in whom we all have confidence,
and look to for deliverance in the hour ot
DJitSI!i»S AT SKA. ARC RAILROAD
It has been frequently mads a subject of
remark by foreigners that Americans evince a
reo’ilfctsnaaa of human life that would be
difficult to explain did we not know that one
of the peculiarities of the American charac
tet is the economy of time. fact
iu the least doubtful we havo only to turn
ever a few p ges of our history to find its
tul) confirma lou in the number of disasters
oy sea, and accidents on railroads, which of
iate, have occupied the papers. For the lat
ter au explanation, but no apology can be
found in the avarice of the Northern Com
panies, winch have neglected t 0 supply their
roads with new iron, in place of the decay of
that which has done its duty, and, perhaps,
tn the insufficiency of the remuneration thev
give their employees. The Southern Co m
panlea need no plea of this kind from the
want of material to repair their roads and
their bad usage by the enemy.
But the number and frequency of the dis
asters by sea have accumulated a weight of
moral responsibility on the proprietors of
ships that cannot be evaded or shifted from
their shoulders by any ingenuity whatever
They atand before the bar of public opinion’
convicted of disregard to life of those commit
ted to their guardianship from necessity
and helplessness. Those who commit wo
man and children to the perils of the oceau
in unsaawottby vessels, have a fearful ac
count to settle with their Consc.ences. The
treasure they may accumulate—the profits
they may earn by the puicha-c of govern
ment Craft, which have served their office as
transports i 0 u,e war, will fail to be no less
» earning the wages of sin because the formal!-
* ul lu " luVu been compiled with—became
r *H«iferuants of the statute have
1 ••“wired, iu submitting to the scrutiny
VS* f wUo *«" lx™, perhaps, bribed
dittos ** * t **‘** W * M P®'t «m their con
A divld.4 enables our
p< rations and companies to vsetp* both
penal consrqueocM and popular odium.—
Resolutions passed by passengers who have
escape*! a watt ry grave, expressive of their
indignation, may be disregarded. Public
opinion may Ml to correct the evil, In the
•atlure ot enactments either to prevent or
punish such selfish conduct, but retribumc
justice Is sure to await those who are regard
less alike of the feelings of bumaDity arid
ebaracer ol tbair country, Id the tnetoenary
pursiwt of gain.
THE NATION At* PI * ASCII -TAXATION.
It will be among the earliest duties of Con
gress, when it assembles, to adjust our
scheme of taxation. Our entire fiscal sys
tem will, pel baps, need revision. .Many of
tbe present taxes were iraposul during the
precipitation Incident to war. Disciimiua
tions have been neglected which ought to
have been made, and there is an evident
want of symmetry in tho toheme both of
direct and indirect taxation.
Asagemral iaci Indirect taxation is the
most popular system in democratic States,
for which we Imagine two reasons may be
assigned. 1. The inquisitorial character of
duect taxation. 3. Direct taxes are the
more inexpensive in tbe collection. On a
comparison, however, of the advantages and
disadvantages of the respective systems, we
conceive that they are nearly equal in their
effects. Eogiand, which of al European
nations lies the largest experience in taxation,
has adopted a mixed system, partly direct
and partly indirect.
Statesmen have been much divided In
opinion on the subject. The great line of
separation h&6 bom between the advocates
of free trade and tho friends of protection.
Very recently one of the former, ot the ultra
free trade school, endeavored iu the
House of Commons to obtain a oommitteo o»
inquiry, with tbe view of effecting a change,
substituting direct taxation, in lieu of the
present British system. Iu this he found
few supporters. Systems of taxatiou are, in
fact, intimately connecied with the character
of the government by which they are insti
tuted. The European continental natious
have adopted various modes qf taxation that
would be repugnant to the free institutions
ot Great Britain and tho United States. The
corvee was adopted at a period iu French
history, during which the principles of taxa
tion were imperfectly underatoon, but it con
tinues to form one of the principal sources
of municipal revenue. In the most enlight
ened of European countries this branch ot
their domestic policy has been regardless of
some of the leading maxims of Dr. Smith.—
That omioent master of the science enunciates
four maxims that have been almost univer
1. The subjects of every State ought to con
tribute towards the support of tho gov
ernment as nearly as possible in proportion
to their respective abilities ; that is in pro
portion to the revenue which they respec
tively enjoy under the protection of the
3. The tax which each individual is bound
to pay ought to be certain aud not arbitrary.
Tho time of payment, the manner of pay
ment, tho quantity to be paid, ought all to
lie plain and clear to the contributors, aud
to every other person.
3. Every tax ought to be levied at tbe
time, or in tho manner most likely to be
oonvenlont tor the contributor to pay it.
4. Every tax ought to be so contrived as
both to tako out and keep out of the pockets
of the people as little us possible over and
above what it brings in the public treasury.
To commence with direct taxes it has been
supposed that Direct taxes or taxes laid on
property or income, or both would have the
advantage of corresponding butter wltb tbe
tir.t of Smith's maxims than any other de
scription of taxes by making individuals
contribute to tho wants of the State proper-
tlonallvno the revenue which they enjoy un
der its protection, and so no doubt would
ou tbo effect, were it possible to assets them
fairly. But the obstacles in the way of their
fair aud equal assessment arc such as never
can bu overcome ; and the truth is that taxes
oa cither income or property, however theo
retically equal, are practically the most un
equal that can be imagined. We may get
a pretty accurate notion of the income de
rived from lands, houses, funded property
and mortgages; but all beyond is mere
guess work. There are no means by which
to ascertain tbe amount of farming capital,
stock iu trade, the profits derived from them,
or tho incomes of professional men. No in-
quisition into the private affairs of indivii I unis
cun ever discover these particulars. There
is nothing, in tact, to depeud upon in such
cases but tbe declarations of parties ; and
wo need not dwell on the impolicy of any
system of tiunnee that sets tbe duty and the
interests ot the contributors in opposition,
and makes them profit by concealing or per
verting the truth. Besides although, these
preliminary and insuperable difficulties were
overcome, and we learned the capital aud
Incomes of different parties, we should have
other and greater difficulties to surmouut
before the tax could be fairly assessed. The
same deduction should not be made from
incomes derived from sources that are not'
equally lasting. To assess them on a just
principle, the prescut value ofdiffircnt in
comes, or their value reduced to a perpe
tuity, would have, in tire first place, to be
determined. But it may be unhesitatingly
affirmed that to do this upon a large scale
would be quite impracticable. It is clear,
therefore, that taxes on income or property
should not be introduced, except as a der
nier resort, as a means of filling the coffers
of the treasury when other aud more legit
iuate sources of revenue are insufficient,
and when, us in the lata war, money must
be had at ail hazards.
Indirect Texet have been tbe most popular
In every part of the world. The burden is
palpable and obvious. It admits of no spe-
cies ol disguise or concealment, but makes
every one fully sensible of the exact amount
of income taken fiom him by government,
instead of exciting the prejudices of theit
Citizens or subjects, by o|>culy demanding v
specific portion of their incomes, they have
taxed the articles on which these incomes
ore usually expended. This ingenious plan
couc. nls the amount of taxatiou, aud makes
its payment appear in some measure volun
tary. The lax being generally paid in the
(first inatauce by tbe produoer, tbe puioba
“ers confound it with tbe price of the ar
ticle. Such taxes have also the advantage
01 being paid by degrees in small portions,
and at the time when the commodities are
warned, aud when it ia most eouveulent for
1 r c j > . Q * urae <'» to pay them.
lamc.net. taxes labor under tbfs dlsadvan
tage. Huy alter the natural distribution ot
mV' U ?. '“P**? 1 Being almost always
paid by the producers lief,,re they are sold to
They also cue,usage smuggling and are
consequently expensive, , ™t rl “ , Urge
number of officers for the provuutivn iorXS!
£ie,to fJulm constitute tbit next great
branch of revenue Tt.ev » r . Imposed t
ly on the necessaries or life, which are ar
ticles ul domestic uisnufieturs In extensive
demand, such as tea, coffee, spirits
ogadlsa. Ao *
Irnlet. Tbe/ We laid «m panrbMMt
or piper, coofiitntlng HlUof etc’iiije. bank
notes, probsti r of wills, fog. o*3 and other
lustrum eats of writing. Whin not exec -
•ire ot ob.truriiug Hie tr*u-der aud circuit
t* i »>f pr i« ay, they are among flic le»»t
objectfonab <■ • I l«n a. although they weio
made tue basis ol a revolution.
la tin, general description it is iiujfoasib!'-
to cno r into aoy detail in the practical «[ -
phcaliuu of tin nrilifiolc we have ennuuci
ntt-d. Ti e policy of instituting one mode of
taxation raluci Lmu another wi I depend on
a v.-uiety of ciiciimstancva.
Ail taxation is an evil, and must be detcr-
I mined iu mode nj .decree by comparhioti. '
Asa general rule tbe Federal govern incut
ought to ala-tain from those objects of luler- !
ml taxation winch are necessary for me sup- I
port of State and Municipal government. It j
would be most expedient t<> exteud the '
sphere of Indirect taxation. Taxes on Ex- j
ports would yie and a larger sum to tbe le
veiiue than is generally imagined, but tor
this purpose the constitution must bo amend
In imposing Export duties there is an evil
against which we have to guard i. e .that we
do not impose so high a duty, as in the article
of cotton, as to afford, in effect, a premium
•al iis cultivation in foreign countries Let
us briefly explain the influence of the law of
demand and supply on taxation of every
description. Taxes of every kind of all n
producer or consumer in the ratio that tbe
supply of Ibn taxed commodity exceeds or
falls short of tbe demand. A duty on au ex
portable article is borne exclusively by the
Consumer, while the supply is not in jmt
proportion to the demand, aud vice vena the
duty will fall on the produceis when the sup
ply is in excess ot the demand. Let us il
lustrate by a few examples the count ctiou
between the taw of demuud and supply and
Ifii duty on Imports is imposed where
none lias existed before, it falls on lire pro
ducer or consumer as*he demand exceeds
or falls short of the supply. This is unde
niable. A duly on Exports follows the same
law. Au excise being laid, the article excised
advances or recodes iu price as ii tiills
short or exceeds the demand. A conflagra
tion that destroys oJC-third of a city, the
population and the demand for bonscß re
maining the same, a house tux will fail on
tenants, in the iiietease of rents. Au epi
demic that visits a city, decimating one-third
ol the inhabitants, it will fall ou landlords iu
the diminution of rents. If the rule be ap
plied to an export duty on cotton during the
whole period that the demand exceeds the
supply, the increase of price that follows
must be paid by the consumer of the raw
material. Whatever amount of duty is im
posed, it will be drawn back iu the increased
price of the article, aud the duty will fall
exclusively on the consumer in foreign coun
tries If, therefore the government of the
United States imposes duties on exportable
commodities like cotton aud tobacco, the
tax must fall on the foreign consumers of
those articles in proportion as the demand
exceeds the supply!
TIIE LATE STORM.
MORE OF THE REPUBLIC'S PASSEN
[Correspondent ot the Savannah Herald.
Hilton Head, S. C., Oct. 30.
She schooner Harper from Boston, arrived
here to-day. Site reports having picked up
the 2d officer's boat of tue ill-fated steamer
Republic, off Cape Romaine, ou Friday last.
All the boats Lave beeu now heard from, and
others who took to the boats have been all
saved. Those on the raft arc still missing.
The following is a list of those saved by the
2d officer's boat.
Capt. B. F. Raynor, U. S. V.; C. S. Sauvi
net, U. 8. V., Chas. Conway; Edward Ryan,
2d officer ; Patiick Malony, Steward ; Joseph
Willis, Steward ; Philip Fleming, Fireman ;
James Crellin, Seaman ; James Quinn, Sea
man ; Mieheal Nash, Coal Passer; Charles
Parbox of the Members of the State
Convention. — A dispatch dated Milledge
ville, Gn., Oct. 19, states that Gov. Johnson
has received authority from Washington to
announce that all delegates el< cted to tbe
Georgia State Convention will be pardoued
by the President.
A dispatch to the Cincinuatti Commercial
from MillcdgeviUe, says that orders were
received from Washington to send ou a list
of members of the State Convention who
were excluded from tbe amuesty, that they
might bo pardoned.
The Fkdeual Forces in the State.— A
Washington despatch dated Oct, 24th, says
that Gov. Johnson, of Georgia, has written
to the President that be desires the United
Slates military forces in this State to he re
tained. Whilst the State is being organized,
he wants the troops to preserve order.
—A lady iu Boston last week astounded a
female pickpocket, who iu the crowd had
thrust her baud iuto her pocket, by turning
and coolly inquiring, “Why do you put your
hand in my pocket when I have my purse
here in my baud
—Tho Village of Neuchatel, Switzerland,
was almost entirely destroyed by fire ou the
night of the 12th ultimo.
—A report recently presented to the Lon
don Academy of Medicine states that since
“spiritualism ’ became iu vogue,cases of in
sanity have augmented twenty-five per cent:
—A company has Utcn formed, and a
grant obtained from the Queeu of Spain, to
lay a submarine cable between Porto lilco,
Cuba, and the United States.
—Tbo bridge over the Ocxulgec at
Macon is progressing slowly but surely. The
piers—which are works of sold brick mason
ry—are nearly fiuished, but no limbers have
as yet arrived on the ground.
—The ring which was taken from the
body of Col. Dahlgren, by cutting of tbe
finger, has been recovered.
—The guerriln leader Magrudcr, was
banged at Louisville ou the same day that
Champ Furgnsou was executed at Nash
—Governor Morton, of Indiana is lying
dangerously ill with rheumatism, aud is
threatened with paralysis.
Chief Justice Chase is at present sojourn
ing at Gibralter, L ike Erie, at the residence
of Jay Cooke, Esq.,
—Major Geu. Frunklis, one of the national
celebrities of the war, has resigned his po
sition for the purpose of accepting the Presi
dency of Colt’s Fire Arms Manufacturing
Company at Hartford, Connecticut.
—Work upon the Chicago lake tunnel is
to be carried on through the winter, nnd
provisions, coal and stoves have been car
ried out in tuns to warm and comfort the la
borers iu tho cool depths. About thirty-five
men wilt winter in the crib.
A young woman, 22 years of ago, has
lately been arrested in Parkersburg, Va, for
for having been married to four differ
ent Federal officers, whom slut swindled out
Mr. Munis U. Itengao, brother of llou.
J. 11. Reagan, and who was Confederate
Mutes wall agent lu Texas, died at Austin •
few days eiuoo from Injuries received ou fell
lag trow ii eeooad story window
TIIRKE DAYS LATER MAIL
FROM NEW YORK.
Tiie amount cf space taken up in our
crowded columua by the important dispatch -
cs of our Millcdgcvi le correspondent, com
pels ua to defer extracts from late New York
files. The following is a summary of the
news contained iu them
Arrangements have beeu completed by
the Government for the trial of Jeffers*hi
Dr.v is, cither iu Washington or Richmond
at au early day. The trial to be be
fore the Supreme Court of the United States.
Tbe charge against the prisouer is to be that
of treason. The government has retained
as counsel the following legal gentlemen,
llpn. James Speed, United States At
torney General, Hon. John H. Clifford, of
Massachusetts, Mr. William M. Evarts, of
New York, Major General Lovell H. Rons
seau, of Kentucky. Tue counsel of Davis
will consist of—Mr. Charles O'Conor, of New
York. Mr. Ransom H. Gillett, of New York.
The returns ot the South Cayoliua election
now all, in show that Wade Hampton is
elected Governor by a large majority.
The Masons of Columbia, S. C., have seut
Win. Gillmore Simms and Robert Bruuuo as
Commissioners, to represent to their North
ern brethren tbe impoverished condition of
the lodges in that city, in tho hopes of pro
curing aid for their restoraiion.
The Fenian excitement in Canada is in
creasing, and Irish soldiers in the regu lnr
army are deserting to tho States.
It is said that the Secretary of the Navy has
directed that all the available steam vessels
of war shall immediately be got ready for
Mr. Duncan, the State agent for Georgia,
is on his return home from New York, anil
has succeeded in negotiating a loan of one
hundred thousand dollars for oue year, at
seven per cent, ou the laith of the provisional
government of Georgia.
The silty millions of five-twenties have
l*eeu all taken, and Secretary McCullough,
has ordeied assistant-treasurers aud national
banks to receive no further subscription.
SINKING UP A STEAJIEB ON TIIE
Capt. Wingate am! Throe Others
[From tire Columbus Sim, 20th.j
Through the kindness of Mr. Epping we
have been furnished with the following des
patches : .
Eltaula, Ala., Oct. 25. —The Hard
Times is just up. She reports the Alice sunk
at Hicooe’s Bluff, aud Capt. Wingate and
two others drowned.
(Signed) C. R. Woods.
Eufaula, Oct. 25. —Don’t send any one to
the wreck. Capt. Wood was near the Alice,
ou tiie Shamrock, when she went down, and
lias done all that can be done. My son Dick
stauds by tbe wreck and will, umil further
assistance can be had. Major Zulousky is
here and will come up to-nigbt. Capt. Win
gate, the watchman aud two deck hands
(Signed) C. R. Wood3.
Beyond these despatches nothing positive
The Alice is anew and beautiful boat,
and has made only two trips ou tbe river,
ller cost was some $32,000, aud we believe
she is owned principally by gentlemen in.
Columbus. Owing to being storm bound
she was seven weeks making tbe trip be
tween Pittsburg and Apalachicola. It is
generally surmised that the boat was com
ing up tbe liver with freight. The channel
at Ricue'B is deep, but it is hoped the boat
may be saved.
The death of Capt, Wingate will be receiv
ed with universal regret, as he was one
of the most popular and esteemed officers on
tbe river, lie commenced his career as a
cabin boy ou tbe Apalachicola, and step by
step has worked up by intelligence aud in
dustry to a positiou of honorable indepen
He was about fifty years of age, and leaves
behiud eigilt small children.
We are informed the boat was heavily la
den with freight for Coluuilms. She had
just left tiie wood yard near Ricoe’s, when
she struck something in the stream, careen
ed, aud sunk in fifteen feet water. It is sup
posed Capt. Wingate was caught betweeu
the freight and could not extricate himself.
The Treasury Department Aoency.—
The Eighth Special Agency of the Treasury
Department, comprises the whole State of
South Carolina, and the counties of Burke,
Scriven, Emanuel, Eftiingkam, Bryan, Bul
loch, aud Chatham in the State of Georgia.
The Supervising Special Agent for this
Eighth Agency is T. C. Callicot, whose of
fice is at Charleston, 8. C.
No person is authorized to collect any
Government cotton, or other property be
longing to the United States in South Caro
lina, or iu the above named counties of Geor
gia, unless he bears a letter ol' appointment
from Mr. Callicot, the Supervising Special
Agent. Several persons falsely pretending
to be Treasury Agents havo reqgntly been
arrested, and we publish this information lor
the benefit of all concerned.
Pursue Benefactress. —Mrs. S. A. A keen
lias justly earned this title, aud thousands
are this day rejoicing over a fiue head of hair
produced by her unequalled preparatiou for
restoriutr. invigorating, aud beautifying the
Hair. Her World’s Hair Restorer quickly
cleanses tbe scalp and arrests the fall; the
hair, it grey, is changed to its natural color,
giving it lhe same vitality and luxurious
quantity as in youth, For ladies and chil
dren. whose hair requires frequent dressing,
the Zylobalsamum, or World s Hair Dress
ing, has no equal. No lady’s toilet is com
plete without it. Every Druggist has it for
IIEAD QRS SUB-DIST. OF OGEECHEE,)
Savauuah, Ga , Oct. 28, 18(55. >
General Orbers, No. 32, dated Head
quarters, Sub-District of Ogeechee, Savan
nah, Georgia, Sept. 27th, 1805, is hereby
modified to read as follows, viz :
Ist. One (I) per cent, per anuum on valua
tion of all Real Estate in the city limits (ex
cepting unimproved lots.)
2d. One half (t-2) per cent, on grots sales
of merchandise, (mcludiug sales of liquors,)
Bd. One-tenth (1-10) percent, on gross sales
4lb. One (1) per cent, on all commissions
derived from any business transaction (other
than sales of merchandise) by any Factor,
Auctioneer, Broker, Forwurdiug, Shipping,
or Commission Merchant.
fith. Oue(l) per cent, on all incomes of
88 33-100 dollars und upwards pur month,
derived from Salaries, Trudes, Professions,
util. One (I) per cent on gross receipt of
any business transactions not included iu lh«
above sections of this circular.
All taxes culled for by this circular (or the
mouth of October I Mils, will be paid to the
Receiver of City Tuxes, prior to the Islh day
ot Nov. 1805. Any person ucglectlng to
comply with the requirements of thin Circu
lar, w ill be tuldect to a fiue.
7 Mr* r. Major Geo. J M. Itli ANN AN.
We T. Kssroe, Capt aud Tax Receiver.
3ATC2X£X.OB.’tt HAIR MTS !
The Origiaal ami lirrt iu the World J Tbe « niy true
I »od perfect flair Dye. Harmles*. Reliable end ln*tau
i trtiieou*. Prmlucctt immediate y a splendid Ulu' kor
1 uafnrnl Drown, without injuring the hair or skin.
; Remedies the ill t-ficus of had dye*. Sold by all Drug
gist*. The genuine is signed William A. Batchelor.
REGENERATING EXTRACT OF UXLLKFLEURS,
Pur Deploring and Beautifying the Hair.
aull-ly CHARLES BATCHELOR, Nr.w Yob*.
A PUYSIULOSICAL View of MARRIAGE
Containing nearly 300 pages, and 130 fine Plates
and Engravings or the Anatomy of the Human Or
gans iu a state of Health and Disease, with a Trea
tise on Early Errors, its Deplorable Consequences
upon the luiud aud Body* with the Author's Plan of
Treatment—the only rational and successful mode of
cui*e, as shown by the report of capes treated. A
truthful adviser to the married, and those contem
plating marriage, who entertain doubt* of their phys
ical condition. Sent free of postage to any address
on receipt of ‘Jo cents, iu shunps or portage currency,
by addressing Dr. LA CROLX, No. 31 Maiden Lane,
Albany, N. Y.
The author may l>e consulted upon any of the dis
eases upon which his book treats either personally or
by mail, and medicines sent to any part of the world.
MARRIAGE AND LELIKACY.
An Essay of Warning and Instruction for Young
men, just published by tho Howard Association, and
sent in sealed letter envelopes free of charge.
Add res* Dr. J. SKILLIN HOUGHTON, Howard
Association, Philadelphia, Pa. octt3-Sm
, Kathairon is from the Greek word “Kafchro," or
“Kathairo,” signifying to cleanse, rejuvenate and re
store. This article is what its name signifies. For
preserving, restoring aud beautifying the human hair,
it is the most remarkable preparation tn the world.
It is again owned aud put up by the original proprie
tor, aud is now made with the same care, skill and at
tention which gave it a sale of over one million bot
tles per annum.
It is a most delightful Ilair Dressing.
It eradicates scurf »sd dandruff.
It keeps the head cool and < lean.
It makes the hair rich, soft and glossy.
It prevents the hair from falling off and turning
It restores hair upon bald heads.
Any lady or gentleman who vnluc9 a beaatful head
of hair should use Lyon's Kathairon. It is known
and used throughout the civilized world, hold by al
DEMAS BARNES A CO.,
oct27-eodly New York.
Hagan’s Magnolia Balm.
Thi* is the most delightful and extraordinary article
ever discovered. It changes the sun burnt lace and
hands to a pearly satin texture of ravishing beauty,
imparting the marble purity of youth, and the Uistin
(jue appearance so inviting in the city belle of fashion.
It removes tau, freckles, pimples and roughness from
the skin, leaving the complexion fresh, transparent
and smooth. It contains no material injurious to
the skin. Patronized by Actresses and Opera
Siuger*. Ii is what every lady should have. Sold
everywhere. Retail price, 50 cents.
ITepared by \V. E. lIAGAN, Troy, N. Y.
Address all orders to
DEMAS BARNES & CO.,
ocli*-eodly New York.
We havo learned not to bo astonished at anything.
Tears of experience and n correspondence extending
throughout all nationalities of the habitable globe
have turned theories into facts and established a basis
from which we need not err. We are not surprised
at such facts as the following—although the persons
who write them are. Wo know the persons and cir
cumstances, hence feel lit liberty to indorse their
“New Bkdfobo, Mass., Nov. ‘24,15C3.
Dear Sir,—l have been afflicted many years with
severe prostrating cramps in my limbs, cold feet and
hands, and a general disordered system. Physicians
and medicines faded to relieve me. While visiting
some friends iu New York who were using Plantation
Bitters, they prevailed upon iue to try theiu. I 'com
menced with a small wine-glassful alter dinner. Feel
ing better by degrees, in u tew days I was ugtonished
to tlnd the coldness and cramps had entirely left me,
und I could sleep the night through, which 1 have not
done for years. I feel like another being. My appe
tite and strength have also greatly improved by me
use of the Plantation Bitters.
Respectfully, Junnn Russel.**
REEnsuintY, Wi»„ Sept IC, 18G3.
* * • I have been iu the army hospitals for four
teen months—speechless und nearly dead. At Alton,
111., they gave mo a bottle of Plantation Bitters. * *
Three bottles restoied my speech and cured me. * *
O. A. Flacte.”
The following is from the Manager of the Union
Home School lor the Children of Volunteers:
‘•Havkmi syki: Mansion, 57th St, )
New York, August‘2,lßC3. j
Du. Drake:— Your uoaderJul plantation Bitters
have been given to some c f our little children Bartering
from weakness und weai. lungs with most h.ippy
effect. One little girl iu particular, with pains in ucr
head, loss of uppeiite, am i daily wasting con.-umption,
on whom all medieul ski and had been exhausted, has
beeu entirely restored. We commenced with but a
teaspoonlnl ol Bitters u day. Her appetite und
strength rapidly increase*!, and tho is now well.
JXespectiully, Airs. O. M. Df.voe.”
“* * * I owe much to you, for I verily believe
Bifcieia h|.ve saved my life.
ftev. W. il. Waggoner,
Madrid, N. Y.
• * • • Thou wilt PGuid me two bottles more of
thy Plantailuii Bitters. My wild has beeu greatly
benehled by their use.
Thy trieud, Asa Curium,
• • I have been a great sufferer from Dyspep
sia. aud had to abandon preaching. * * The Plan
tation Bitters have cured me.
\ Rev. J. S. Cathobn,
V Rochester, N. Y.”
“* • • I have gmm the Plantation Bitters to
hundreds of our disabled soldiers witn the most as
G. W. D. ANDREW'S,
buperintendent Soldiers* Home, Cmciuuuti, U.”
**• • • The Plantation bitters have cured iue of
Liver Complui.at, of which i was laid up prostrute,
aud had to übannon my business.
11. B. Kianoslky,*Cleveland, Ohio.”
“* • • The Plantation Bitters have cured me of
a derangement oi the Kidneys and Urinary Organs
that has distressed me lor yeurts. It acts like a charm.
C. 0. Moore, Ne. ‘254 Broadway.’*
At.; Ac., -Ac., &C.. &C.
The Plantation Bitters make the weak strong, tho
languid brilliant, and ure exhausted nature’s great re
storer. They are composed of the celebrated Calisaya
Bark, Wmtergrccu, Sassafras, Roots, Herbs, &c., all
preserved iu perfectly pure set. Croix Rum.
S. T.—IBGO X.
Persons of sedentary habits, troubled with weak
ness, lassitude, palpitation of tho heart, lack of appe
tite, distress after eating, torpid liver, constipation,
Ac., deserve to suffer if they will not try them.
They are recommended by the highcof medical ufl
thoriiies, and aro warranted to produce an immediate
beneficial effect. They are exceedingly agreeable,
perfectly pure, and harmless.
Notkjb.— Any person pretending to sell Plantation
Hitters iu bulk or by tbe gallon is a swindler and Im
postor. It it put up only in our log cabin bottle, lie
wars of bottles refilled with Imitation deleterious stuff,
f*r which several persons are already IU prison. Bee
that every bottle bos our L'mted Hiatus sump over tbe
cork uuniutilsted, and our signature ou steel-plat*
Mold by rsapedUble dealers throughout the habitable
V H DMAK< ’ A 00.,
1 MM to to Unto MV, M. T.
Lamps, chandeliers. Bracket*, Harp Hangers, hide
bfteka. Side Lamp*, with and without R <1 *ctors; Fan
cy Hull Limps, Lanterns, Bases, P. gs and Fonnt*=-
Pit nt Glass Coins. Burners, Globes,*ChimnK * aud
Wick, DRUGGISTS’ FLINT A GREEN GLASS, Crock
ery Dealers' and Confectioners’ GLASSWARE. Goods
of all kinds made to order. KEROSENE OIL.
JAMES T. WRIGHT,
226 Greenwich Street, Two doors below Barclay, N. Y
Corner Congress amt WRltaker Streets.
ITTOULP invite the attention of Merchants in the
v f city to their Stock of Good* now opening, viz:
White and Red Flannel,
Figured and Plain Betaines,
Embroideries and 11 am 1 kerchiefs,
Linen Goods and White Goods,
icb r ‘d *nd Brown Shirting*,
Clot is and CiShimeiej,
Ladico* xiositry and Gent’* Half Hose, Gloves, Ac,
Hats and Caps, Cloaks and Shawl*.
“ Early Dawn,” by Mrs. Charles, the author of the
I‘ Cotta Family.”
The Schoiibeig Cotta Family, new edition.
Angus' Bible Hand-Book.
Mill’s Political Economy, *2 vote.
The Law of Universal Progress, by Herbert Spen
Education, by Herbert spencer.
Spencer’s Social statistics.
Spencer's Classification of the Sciences.
Bp. Colenso’s Pentateuch and the Uk. of Joshua.
do Epistle to the Romans.
Tiie Holy Word in its Own Dele use, addressed to
Bp. Colcnso, by Rev. A. SHver.
Heat, as a mode of motion, by Prof. Tyndall.
Mille Dill jin.
Tii* “silver Sunbeam," ft new and complete Scien
tific Treatise on the Art of Photography.
novl-1 B. MALLON, Congress at.
WEST, BRYAN J CO.
TIIE undersigned have formed a co-partnership fo r
the transaction ut Commission, Shipping and Fur
wurdiug business, under the name of WEST, BRY
AN & CO.
Strict'attention given to consignments. This firm
desire to confine themselves to Coinmissioii Business
alone. As agents lor Baltimore and Savannah Steam
ship Cos., «c solicit freight for same, and request or
ders for Baltimore and Western produce,
JAS. B. WEST, of Baltimore.
HENRY BRYAN, of savannah,
ALFRED L. lIARTKIDUE, of Savannah.
ON the eighteenth day of September, one thousand
eight hundred ami sixty-five, I shipped from
New York lor Savannah, Ua., four boxes of Furni
ture and oue Piano, oil board sehr. John G. Whipple,
and was to pay (as per Bills of Lading) ten cent* per
cubic loot, freight. The number of cubic feet was
two hundred and thirty and one ninth, which brought
me in debt to the vessel twenty-three dollars and one
cent. The consignees of said schooner, Messrs. Ro
gers & Cttun, Bay street, Savannah, demanded forty
three dollars and twenty cents, which, to release my
property, 1 had to pay. When I demurred at this
treatment, they referred me for recianintion to the
Agent, who referred me to the Gsptaiii, who was,
with the schooner, non est inventus. I now ask the
public if this be not a case of Marine Swindling,
what is? and, if Bills of Lading are not to be taken
as proof of a legal contract, what, protection have we
iigaiust worse than highway robbery?
A. BkoWN, Congress st., Sav.
The above named schooner bt longed to the “ An
chor Line of Packets, ’’ oi which Messrs. Rogers a
cann are the representatives at Savannah, Ua., and
Messrs. Del Banco and Carberrv, agents at New York.
To Wholesale Grocers,
Liquor Dealers, Distillers, Druggists and
I ESSENTIAL Oils for flavoring and improving Bran’
-2 dy, Rum. Port Wine, Bourbon, Rye, Scotch and
Irish Whiskies, age and body preparations for Neu
tralising aud Mollifying Whiskey and Spirit, Color
ings. Syrups aud Fruit Juices lor Branny, Whiskey
and Wines, Oils and Extracts of Cognac aud other
Brandies, Holland and London Gin, Ac. Dr. F.’s
Treatise on Fermented Liquor* with 1000 Recipes.
FOR DRUGGISTS’ USE.
Persian Insect Powder, Fly Paper, Loadstone,
Fluorspar and Fluoric Acid, Manganese and all rare
Chemicals and Drugs.
FOR SOAP MANUFACTURERS,
Sillicate of Soda in Crystals, Liquid and Jelly China-
Clay and Terra Alba, Soap stone, Rosin, Soda, Ash,
&c. JOS. W. FEUCfITKANGEK,
novl-eodSm No. 65 Cedar st., N. Y,
Boots and Shoes !
Fellner and Poliak,
157 Broughton Street, Savannah, Ga„
ARE enabled, through their permanent House in
- Boston, to furnish Jobbers and Healers in this
city a* well as those in the country, wi?h more ad
vantage* and conveniences in the Boot and Shoe
Trade, than any house in said line.
ROOMS TO RENT.
TWO airy Furnished Rooms, for single gentlemen'
lor lent with or without board. Apply to
162 Bryan street, between Jefferson and Montgome
rv streets. 3* novl
WE expect to receive in the course of ten days, a
large stock of PLANTATION GOOD*, snch as
we have kept in former years—in
London Duffil Blumcets,
Kersey* aud llomeepnns,
White and Red Flannels,
Plaid Lineeys, &c.
LATHROP & CO.,
novl-10 eor. Congress and Whitaker sts.
MAYOR’S OFFICE, >
Savannah, Nov. Ist, 1885. (
WHEREAS, ,he military authorities of the United
»* States have this clay relinquished their authority
to Hie Mayor and Aldeiiuen of tiie city of Savannah,
except as regards certain alterations as to the new
status of the negro, I hereby issue this my proclama
tion, declaring the city of Savannah to he again un
der civil authority, and notifying the citizens of Ba
vauuali, that all lire ordinances of the city are here
by revived, except so far as they conflict with the
iicw Status of the negro, and that the paths and pen
alties of the law will be inflicted on ail those who
shall he proved to have violated said ordinances or
any parts thereof. And 1 exhort all good citizens to
earnestly co-operate with tire civil authorities in
mainiug law and order tn our city.
R. D. ARNOLD.
novl-1 Mayor of savannah.
MAYOR’S OFFICE, )
Savannah, Nov. 1,1865. f
THE following persons having been appointed on
the City Police, will call this forenoon at the
Clerk’s ottlce, at the Exchange, to take the oath and
give the bond required by ordinance, viz : Patrick
Dillon, on regular Police; as Supernumeraries, to
till up the complement, John Sullivan, John Daily,
Tliomss Conway, Richard Smye, Thomas Maher.
uovl-1 R. D. ARNOLD, Mayor.
MAYOR’S OFFICE, 1
Savannah. Nov. Ist, 18«5. J
4 LL the members of the City the
■A. ceptlon ol tiie Keller ou duty, will parade at tne
Poto- Barracksat• w-M^day.
OFFICE OF PROVOST MARSHAL,)
Dihtiiot or Havannau, >
Savannah, Ga., oqt. Slut, IMJ6. )
WIIK notice from Uie ottloe us the Provost
T Manila! hu»» Dwtrk tof Ogem hoe, daloil Savan
nah Aug IHh, ordering all Drinking or fill.
w iMM?ed l “* lu ‘'** cloMO "
at lu o'clock, P. M., !» huretiy tevokCd.
My collUMHnd of
w Avt. Mu). Gelt. J.:«. IIHANNAN.
(Signed) CLARKE 11. ItKMK K,
Capt. and Primml Murslwl. Hurt
N < > I ice.
OMKKN TURTLE HOI IF will he served al Ike Fu
laefcl linnee ItaJ Room tide day al II e'ataik.
NEW DKESS GOODS
Lathrop & Cos.
Have just opened, per Steamship Vajipna,
a choice lot of LADIES' DRESS GOODS,
which are offered at very low prices.
PLAID POPLIN CHENE,
ALL WOOL FIG'D DELAINES.
Corner of Congress and Whitaker Streets.
PROFESSOR THEO. MAAS, for the last ten vears
Teacher of Music In Charleston, South Carolina
respectfully offers his services to the Ladies of Sa
Refers to Messrs. John C. Sclireiaer A Sons, at
whose store all communications may he left.
Dissolution of Copartnership.
THE firm of C. P. Lopez A Cos. is this day dissolved
* by mutual consent.
C. P. LOPEZ.
Savannah, Nov. 1, 1865. ,
The undersigned will continue the business of the
above firm at the old stand, and and respectfully so
licits a continuation of tiie public patronage.
Savannah, Nov. 1,1865. 3
A SMALL lot of Prime Western Butter; will l>e
sold low to close consignment.
CUNNINGHAM dt PURSE,
novl—S Mo. 4 Stoddard’s Lower Range.
SCHOONER WITCH QUEEN, from Boston, com
mences discharging this morning, at Exchange
Whavr. RICHARDSON <* BARNARD,
novl—l Bay st.. opposite Mariners* Church.
Offices for Bent,
oet ls 12* Bay street, opp. Mari ier*’ Chnrch.
FOR E. H. bids Flour
20 half bids Flour
9 bbls Crackers
6 bbls Apples
, 6 bbls Eggs
G & W—loo tubs Lard.
If not called for will be sold for freight and expenses.
oct23 BRIGHAM, BALDWIN A CO.
1 *» nmiFOCNDS FREIGHT for Augusta or
Waynesboro. Apply corner Drayton and
bay-treetr, upstairs. F \y. STMS A CO.
A MONTH! Agents wanted wanted for rix
dv entirely new article a, iust out. Address O. T.
GAREY, City Building, Biddelord, Maine,
"W agon Freight
GKO. C. FREEMAN.
FEW THOUBAND DOLLARS,
MECHNIC BANK OF AUGUSTA
Eastern Bank of Alabama.
E. F. METCALFE A CO.
K A DAY! Agents wanted to fell # a new and
SPiwO wonderful SEWING MACHINE, tho only
cheap one licensed. Address SHAW A CLARK. Biu
deford, Maine. sepl4-d&w3m
FOR CASH, all the Ragß,Old Bagging, and Wast
Paper iu the city.
WARREN & PLATNER,
eeptlS 210 Bay-at.
FOR SALE df TO RENT.
A SMALL SLOOP, 8 tons burthen. Apply at the
Railroad House, comer of East nnd Bouth Broad
streets. C- E. WAKEFIELD
Wood for Sale.
OAK, Pine. Lightwood constantly on hand and for
sale, at Ferry wharf, under Gjis House hill, by
oCt3O-lw F. M. MYRELL._
IN AUGUSTA—HaIf of a good Store, an excellent
stand for business. Apply to ’■ B.” care of
ATKINSON « SHECUT.
cctßl-2 Real Estate Agenls, <fcc. Augusta, Ga.
IOFFFsR for Rent next year, 186«, my Rice Place, In
Camdeu county, Ga., on the Great Satilki River*
known as the “Vernon Plantation, •• containing 4*20
Hcree of first quality Rice Land, and about 400 acres
of high land, all in perfect order. Said Plantation has
been cultivated during the war. and therefore requires
no extra work to prepare it for a crop the ensuing
Ali the negroes formerly belonging to me are still on
the place and auxious to remain, so there wonld ne
no difficulty in procuring laborers. On the place is a
comfortable dwelling house, together with all tne
necessary buildings for the accommodation of labor
ers and storing he crop.
Seed for the coming year, including Rice, Corn. reas.
Sug»rCane, sorghum, Cotton, «sec., can be obtainea
on the place. For further particulars address the sub
scriber at Wayuesville, Wayne comity. Ga.
ocl3o-2m .IAS. F. KINU._
Store to Let,
AT HILTON HEAD, S. C.
The light and commodious Store, corner Merchants'
Row and Palmetto Avenue, to lease for a limited time.
Terms easy. Address
W. S. SAMPSON, Jr., Agent,
octlS ts Lock Box E, Hilton Head. S. C.
TO RENT. -
LAROI. AND HANDSOMELY
Furnished Rooms To Let,
(AIT 001. or MICE AND OT. JILIAN OTO.
’ ROOMS TO "LET,
AT HILTON HEAD, S.O.
Tli« "Palmetto llerakf Building," having hern nawly
mud up, now olfer large end airy Room) anltalil* **
Sleeping ApartiuuuW or Begin*** pvpedd*. ForUrm*
MJf “* W. A IAMFHOM, fir., Agent,
out I* ts lamli Run a tfHltm Nnnd, A A