'^Eroin the JYe-w-Yttrk Mercantile Advertiser, Dec. 4*
TWO DAYS liATEU FRONT LOVTXW.
The British brig Berwickshire, which arrived at thi
port yesterday, sailed from Bristol on ihe 28lh of Octo
.bcr, and brought a copy of the Bristol Mirror of the 26th
containing London dates of the evening of the 24th ol
that month, with which the editors of the Mercantih
Advertiser have been favored.
The following extracts comprise every tiling of inter
est which the paper contains.
Lowdow, October 24.
We have had various rumors in circulation to day
which whether true or false have had the effect to
cause a considerable depression in the funds. It was re
ported that a secret correspondence had been intercept
ed between the court of Vienna and Bonaparte, and ths !
the Austrian commissioner had been detected in an in
trigue for Bonaparte’s release ; the minor of a dissnln
tion ofparliament was also revived. We have no reason
to believe in the truth of either of the reports. Lastly,
there was another report in circulation, which was con
aidered much more feasible than-the rest; namely, that
the prospect of the speedy opening of ur ports for the
importation of corn having caused a fall in the rate of
exchange, the foreigners, who had been waiting an oo-
]k>rfunity to sell, availed themselves of this circumst mc<
and disposed of their stock accordingly . What is to In
depended on is. that a foreign broker, supposed to b.
in possession of some information, threw upon the m .r-
ket some hundred thousands of stock—which rati ed 1h
depression we have noticed: 3 percent, consols foi* tit-
account fell from 6 to 61 5 8. and for nionev from 6 l
to 61J. Tluv (‘covered towards the close of the mar
ket, an-.l left off at 61 7-8 for account, and 61 o-4 lot
All tiie letters received to day'from Nfertbyt-Tvd*. il.
the 22d instant, state that the rioters com intie quiet, ho
that the military daily increase in numbers. In con- -
cmenceofa disposition to riot at Brecon, a strong f re.
had been sent thitherto protect the several thousand
stand of arms deposited there. The military non be ing
in possession of the place, all apprehensions for tin safe-
tv of the arms have ceased. -One class of the " orkon-n
called the- pr.ilh-rs, have been induced to return to then-
work, without a compromise, but‘lit se e re the nu n "in
are )>aid the highest prices; there are four in numbt-i
employed attach furnace. The col furs and miners,
the persons who are p.uel the lowest wages, are stiii re
Tract ore, and have not returned to their work, but as the
different works have a good supply of coal and^_m>n
materials on hand, their set vices can L-c tliept nt/ci wiHgj
for a considerable time to come.
The French newspapers ti il the -world, tlut- trade-
goes on prosperously, (. ay s i private letter from Fans)
and that the harvest lias been to., mb y good. This is
't»o gro-s. The French .ns- indignant at such a mockery
of their actual condition. The f.ce is, that tne baei
■weathe r lias already set in, and with it sympt ms of a
timine. The necessity of having fires materially affects
The means of the lower order*, from the high price of fuel.
They are actually in a desperate state already. The day
before vesterdav thehakci-s’ w hole stock of bread in one
qu.rter-of Paris had been exhausted by nine o’clock;
.there were still multitudes w ho had obtained none for their
breakfast. The bakers told the peop’o that they could
not obtain flour. The populace became clamorous, an!
it was found necessary to c.d! m several counniss iries of
the police, attended by gers d’annes, in order o dis-
jerse th—in. The want of employment presses neon the
tifc,eo*ew.TBy Indian archers, and (V wing; with large
bod s of cav. ipv; in the centre they had a 4 poui d-er.
A >;<rty of the enemy’s light troops attempted to take
’ an intermediate small wood; between ins
left and our rr ht, and our’s opposing him, the action
commenced. The commander in cmef then ordered the
whole line to m-ve forward, which was effected in the
best or,!'r-—the enemy reinforced his ii. ht troops in tin-
woods, and the same was done under a smart fire on both
sides, whilst our line descended from the hill with tin
greatest coolness, tiie enemy occupying his advantageous
On our arrival at the wood, the eneiv.v made a gene
ral discharge, which was returned In our line, continu
ing its march moi.liy. The valiant squadron having a
its head general Z .raze,fell upon the c.n alry on the ene
my’s right, which he caused to retire to the rear of his
infantry, while the commander in chief taking the colors
of the bat.uion, (de Barloveilto) put himself at the iiead
of the inf.uttryvc unnianding them to charge with the
bayonet, prec puated himself in the enemy’s line, (lene-
•;.i i...i..go.s charged oil the left; the mf.iitry of the re
s rve, joined the line in this movement, ami the cavalr.
"it our right, charged oil the enemv’s i-_ft, with siieh ii .
•etuosity, ill t the battle was d ci'ieu in a few minute
lithe complete d strue'.ion of die enemy.
The enemy h f more th..u five him !"ed killed oil i! .
fi.-Ia, aniongs w hom was r...p' in Q.iix.-.da, of Ihe king’-
il.JL.linu. » ah m
-'-i<‘rs, 55) u-k
Ion chests, -m .
1 V W
pi:v »IU tl A\V , :>•
C «11*. .1 the •
O n* ,
f s cm -j*, d <i
cor* • net
of l!'r y- <i„nt :
* whom W; 1
• its Ii.w i itr< tut!
Suif.ii IN, iffK\ ,
d w. i i til S.t.iic
would he (I.. ,<>• ..
/ Jet id
ifl'frh’ at . 1-
il: its < Hirers.
larg: -|U..nu v
, vile Helti , a ■
• rsi 11 ivnci. in
a r,f our arun
if l- id
12 o'ticei-s ; ..
rIn. t- and
U < (nok JuO fn’i -
of L.nct'S ati.K.iiiii-
l . : ini M. II'. IlhM-k
v \ <. ry *iir« r.iron, aini
.-•l v ** (i t • hop. ro
UUt 4 i
through whom I now address fnyself; and T hope tl;a&
yo»ir excellency will have the goodness to send me tin
necessary information as soon as you may have realized
the amount of paid bill.
With this motive! have the honor to oTer your ex
cellency my best respects, praying (Joel our I .ord, that
lie will preserve your excellency many years.
Your most obliged servant, who kisses the hand of
vour excellency. Lrxs Alvahvs. In: Toledo.
Translation of a letter from thr elder Toledo, to his son
General 'Toledo in the United State*.
Taeann, September 7S % 1816.
Rflovkp Sijx—As it is a long time that I am suffering
‘he grief of not being* able to near thy name, without hor
ror and shuddering* on account of thy il! course of con
duct, the letter of the 2d July last, which. 1 reevhed
through the hands of Ins excellency the captam general
of this island, was a messenger of peace, which announc-
which his father has manifested to n tir r- .
distress, will fc? considered as giving s , ’ r i n
xcry peculiar "claim upon the chanty of'U‘v V ’ n 1
Host07i Itecurtun*. ' ^
yAVANNAlL REPL HLIt•
*** 1 L ■
Tuesday Evening, Dec. 1?, i^ jft
INCREASE of crimes.
Tiie slate prison in New-York was
i • . - s ca.lcu'r,ri.j
culprits, hut so great is t l — •
of crime that it now contains
01 rerror M'fln gar.
can army of V'-iie/in •
Centre, to tnc vi •’ -rs
Slll.lll Mis! — 'nil
hie victor!, whir. ■ vvil
inies, .uni ri .nn'i -ti-
brothers. The in nil
Hie zed m it die
i s v:;!'iI", iiiif u\
infantry ha> p ii
vairy runs bis;;, r
" ho in 1 he (h Hr:
Hies frig!ited to
soldiers of l b
with their wmi
Ii:*lit. ; let us e\'.
may rise ma j ■ :: n
an 1 sustain d bv
for vou to rail
■ ri hi..;c- to- in . t uni t. t;t an- r< outm,
c ..ml I * mt>o, suppor’ e.i on your anus
voi-i* ii..vo:iets. Am.iiu r \ i. it-rv e..s.. i
Ilian that of \e-tei<l.,i wi i forever m . ;
y our glory, and insure your happiness, ,.nd your ilh.s.ci
ons names will be rererdi il in nistorv.
Head Quarters at Chaparvo, tiie 7th September, 1816.
poor Yothing but the utmost vigor ;u;.l wisdom can
carrv the government through this trying season. It
will be no easy task to manage the populace of Paris,
stimulated bv famine an a refractory chamber. One
important measure for the security of Paris is the pre
sence of 5,i.iO‘J Swiss troops,-some of which arc arrived.
We understand that it is by no means the wish of the
old experienced tanners that corn should rise, d hey
know very well, that with it their purchasers will rise in
proportion. 1 hey must sell their corn at market for 131.
a 141. a load, winch the monied buyers will soon raise
to 241. and 30l. and ch..rge them at that price when they
repurchase it in flour.
It is said that a firm of opulent millers, in the neigh
borhood of l’ishopstone,Sussex, have, at the prisent mo
ment several thousand loads of wheat in their granaries
mid store housi s, which they purchased when it "as
about loorlfii. a load.
The comnurcial house of Messrs Petlv. of our citv,
whose trade was mostly in the produce of Kngiisli ma
nufactures has failed for 860.000 fiTins. I Ins is th"
largest failure we have had for a long time; several
English commercial houses will be grc..t losers.— Go/.-T-
nai.’s I'aria JVlesxenger.
It is definitively settled, we understar..! on go->d au-
t’uirity, that the duke of Kent v.,ii ahorriy lead to the]
hymeneal alt. r a continental princess.
A corp »ral*s party of the guards is posted every night
in Carlton-house, or within i*s circuit.
■e F/Xthaokin:vary F.xpk iivkst.—An order has been re
ceived at Plymouth for sinking in some part of tne har
bor the Eden sloop of w r. which has never yet been at
Sea, for the purnose of ascertaining wltcher ‘VH water
possesses any efficacy ofche eking the operations of fungus
or dry rot. A similar thing" lias been tri„d with success I and
"on merchant ships. The diving bell is to descend m Ha- •
jtwaze and Bampool, in order to explore a s i.table spot
to lay in.
There have been riots at ITeckingfou in Lincolnshire,
and at Stftnleriand. The principal rioters in the former
jilace consisted of women and boys, tin Tuesday sc’-
night they attacked the houses of some miters and
tradesmen; 1 after which tiny separated, meaning to as
sume their outrages on the ensuing day, but tiie ring
leaders were arrested in the mean time —nine of them
were tried on Thursdav at SVaf'wl, of whom five, i, -
eluding four femab-s acre found guilty. 1 lie. riot at
Siinderlatid took pi re in the i.i .rk- > on i ri lay. when al!
tiie corn 4"as forcibly seized and carried olf by the po
pulace; but by the activity of the constables, nearly ilte
whole of ii was restored to the pis.per omurs. The
S'stem of frarne-hreaking, we regret to stab , continues
in Nottinghamshire. On Saturday night, 12th instant,
tlpwards of thirty frames "'civ’broken at Lit nlev, viv
Uiiles frmn Nottrnghain. The depredators tilled Several
of the houses of every kind of property.
The following -..tv
ficial letters to " ii..
our possession. Tin.
a s;iy posited into 1
rea. The tre-..chert an 1 d.f
riots are placed lit > ond ip,
t>’nure Pat'ini, IVT-T; t'r’r 2.
I'h.LsP \ -l.s., p \i-KUS.
u |«:.rt ot lot m £■ cen’eii Spanish o
we lla* c hi f*>r alluded as !>-. uic, i
jn I’sii:; 'iiiinicti in tin nr.-,i leu
eiamp of the . a rioi NLna is (.Or
tii’ii cf Th; ulom llie p..t-
ed to me tr nquility and repose, so much needed by the j and i ivetlt if-two. besides
(flirted hearts of thy parents, the idea of thy repentance,
of tin ubinission and reconciliation with tin best of all
kin s, and that thou mayest be of serv.ee to my niucii
'oved country, which thou bust so much wronged, basso
much a-.riiated my mind, that from the gloomiest and I !!l -
most afflicting situation in which I was plunged 1 am
restored to sthsations of the greatest comfort and len-
\ oroof of this truth will he found in the paintid sacri
fice f make , to remit thee the money too i hast united;
for with the scant' uie..ns to "It.cli l am it d<iC( d to siio-
uort a nimicr ais fhiinlv, willioul posscnmii ;■ ioi i. loan to
iv*ociire the hare uec* sc ri.-s ol lifc-, wiih the strictest
economy, ! have hseii obliged to :v: i** ucli .uid strain
u" - elf ill the extreme, in order to pr..euri
a a receive hrc.ig'li the Ir.nds ot I.. . iv
Dun Luis de Onis, to whom I ior;ir*l u "i
not having been able to find a Inil upon
agreeably to tl;V 'visiii-s.
Thou knowest a:i I dust confess, that i'i
• l i Ii hi
!: die presell'.
I is'rc v M
situition in " hiell th-m art, tluiv i.i
ttuil rail apply hut thy f ilial-— -.on .
is there that looks u-u-n ttu.-e v. u'. i.a-! '
father? If thou i-t-i ;>■ n- trad u "ll'i tl;
an evidcn* proof of u. fecu. h. ,i , -o..i | i-
render l'r-t- assi'.t.uu-e. tfioii - igi-t
that tlu , • nobod' l. a", e nra- lie. e b
•h'- fatii'-e, who b,.vc ..il euiiers, is :ii.
terested forth „ .if r — in- t-r >hin mi
in-r on thv it. .sition to :.i er div ci .
to lilt-world, that U.-’.it .ir*
VSt ill.Ill Si
• ii n-l la
r:,«sl d- t '
;i- sition. . :
v i I-
I Cl,SI. — . .... — — I. , 11 111, 1, 1,1,II i ,1,1 O
numerous p a ..,:
..ivmw train time to time been grantet, 4
lIk* want of acrummottation rendered jep 1
sable. 'J'lte deleterious effects of fill; e .. '' n '
ev ii are severely and extensiv(*: v v."
XurnitiisfaRding the well regulated n, h r
nu’tieiotis watchmen of New-York, scu-, ""
pignt has passed for some months igu-k v j.-;' a
•son:,* store or house being pilfered; or na-s. " U
robbed, and such of the depredators'-'
b *en arrested,proved, with few excer.fion-
convicts released from the penitentiary'"
liit-.* disastrous lire, in that citv, may V*
y- i -e -afcly attributed to the same source. ybl'~
ihuludeipliia lias not escaped their ravao, • ' n
r'i.e consequence of the-e spoliations is. t ’anhe
eflicarj of the penitentiary system begins t
-y auici: doubted in the north,‘that tire h,j„. .
»•„ ><*w-\ ork state prison have adf, ..
’ -- ' ' ; ' :v "" hat* suoject, and requ.
1 to tue general go Verm;: e
■' i’ •'* vreitir:g a colony of couth •
river on the i-orfhv
at - acid ts'ni Jl// •■</. ,),,a
•ip. but. in the event of
p’cteti. to form an estab!
' Tl t;
.01: be i t.i
t )l*"' jure
t • \ i •
J hC#- i
' riS T
::.r « h'
■ .. fin
!! l :i d
1 • • * **»’’« ': i i
T i * 1»t ] (•
.V 1 ..!
* \ , s
• i - * " J ( t
cd. ’1 m
t ill .i* *i .
t: v ih
v. * it
OI A *.
,. in the
" t -v 1 1 - IM - 1
r i)' ti.
i ti. dm
A ->f !:is
, 1 a v .1
TO *. *ip.* ' * >" .
f ’ i \ si !
iHl h f A l\s’»M .n
»1 .’If 1
S il Wih/. Ail.
?\ -t f-
'ri f ,. M
w i) • r
• 1 itvc ’.he
* • ’ g
. mi iiio'is r
i: ejl'dir ;*.i • (,,u
li !« nc
1 i S t; (’ f ,
a!i(l C.v*i 1
on the iron tiers of the. s
r to f ie, Ifngiisli
L'ceptacio at rt’.vx
•Mst iv •• i!i<i-( • i i’ t!i:
1 c.c tin- * '
"lien -In .
of ;i iv. hi i-
and, in fint
ed love, :h
bosom of 8
How we long to pi
A ll Be pi rsti.aled, tiiat n-. ' ir
! . p;.i i.,rda 1 - (i ■ i -. s't h:. j,i..y as at tine -.ay,
... c die glort ot living limit r the au.li>nii'
i, as de-, r. hie as lie is h. lo\ i d f- 1* Ins Vn-Uli s,
dio i.o> r* fuse to thy aged parent.., who m
'>c«*o" ea on tin e nn.ol’s ofth.cir distinguish-
cnn.-ol .tin. f belio.doig" lin-c return to I In
ain, with a firm deleriiiiu.-.lion to expiate thy
von thv hie *,i> 1 iif- c. ii.se of religion and
Vour ninthi i-
d 1 nddi-t-.s von thiseiitre
in in.r hosoiii, : S v.e
ever read' to do, "henevi r llioti
t a , e.-.r as it Lc-
. * oil Spaniard, i'i »oi ed lo sei ve
ul in itve " itu submission to tile
t ,e other It n-i-s;
for although lie had not, at tiie rf those letters,
complied wiiii his promise oh calling on Don Oms, he n.ul
declared to ms h.tiier h:s iv'/'cr',-:-;t-.,ii;i tns "iaii t suh-
mit and become ricoi.cihil to “.'A tux: tf a;l kings" I
the “ailured PeruitiunilP Jle had, mol-, i ver, cotiiininca-
ted his plan for the ‘’pacification of Mexico,” to the
governor of Havana, as appears by (he Ictur of Cit nfit-
gosto i)ory/).iis. These lacoi arc cogent evidence of To
The residue of the intercepted despatches, more im
mediately interesting lo the L’nitcd Soles, we liave
thought it best to pubhshscparaien, on c. ednesday. How
or by " liotn these, papers " ere obtained, e sh.d! not dis
close, but merely remark that ni-iitier our government
nor our citizens intercepted them.
1\ unxla'itiil nf a letter fra at the governor and captain gene
ral fi -u tempo r of /L.v.uia, .o the Spuaixh canister lit
the United Slates.
Havana, Oc.oh. r 22. 1816.
] have just received your dcsnai cl i ot ti.e 17th ;'.■Sep
tember, staling that you Ua'e sin.-et-eded in e ngi.giug-an
officer of the . oyai armies to lake p..rt in ilu ( \ji il.-
tion of Mina, and to serve fariifuliy the ems - ol ins I
majesty, accord.ng to ttic agreement v<;u n.-aiic vu.i
him, amt explained m lue- same (le-pa'cn rent, i.iing in j
my possession for the rse it is luives me to i i..g.- of; j
comm nicat ion of it hating bc> n made to tne im-st. \c# i-1
lent the viceroy of N’t-w tipaui. with a copv of t.u ctphtr, |
for his information and gov - i n.i.ent, and 1 acgii. ml to
C- IIK’S tilt e, 11. iia-l' a*
iliv ki lg " ith loy ally,
j laws-of thv country.
Shouldst thou do as we expect thee, we " ill bless thy
existence, .-.nd prat" God our i.--rd 'o shower up ui thee
his blessings united to thus- < f toy f.l in r, who anxiously
desires thv happiness L- is .t'.t.n../ Hi d octso. j
lAceompa p-iag Ike preeteding lettei -. Uk re was a j
draft drawn In a'noose in H;.v..n:i, on anotlu r
deiphia, (1 ti d Scptetii*! r 26 tor the 2,elLiU don..rs to be
given conditionally to tin- \ oung general Toledo; also, a
let ti r to a house in i Sad itno re, requesting tlum to pay
the same sum, in case the H11ila-' elphia house should h ive
other,' i.-.e appropriated the funds placed in its hands.—
The money lias, we under* and, bedi paid ]
V proposed appears, or. reflection,
ratner ;-npud;cid!is. J’iie fariiify ,,l i. an
on any place of punishment, tituate.. da
oiitieis oi Aew-\ ork, is fully asgreat a- , u
tiie heart of ilie stall —nnieew. more
• lie criminal, at ; ..r biedkin
:nem, may avoid deu
.•inumgt.ic* frounois or ( ,»>inw over to tin* lr, : i
iistt trovn wlier.ee lie may return a,
convenience suits him. and again commence his
de testable career.
Though banishment to *he western shores of
this comment offers not tiie same readiness of
for peltry. The cul-
s ecu re asylum arnoig tf le
from his coniine-
uni. by taking refuge
rcturinng. vet it is equally favorable
ment, and admits of much injury to our ('him
trader-;. v»!.o resort thither for peltry. The cal
*rit would obtain
In virtue of ihe regulations of his majesty the king of
the Vetherlands, &c and the dispositions of the go.ern- ,
ors of the colonies of .Surnnani, 8t. Martin and Sab.., the
commercial navigation of tue vessels of the t’niied States
of Ana lira, to tho-c coionic-e, is re-established, on the I
sami 'doling as it "as before tiie year 172>—And m )
eons -qm nev thcv.ot, the articles allowed to be imported |
i no Surrii’a ni. ai -.- tiiiiber, cuttle of e'e-rv d. scripuon, :
tiri. dand s,.i'ed iish, tobacco, flour, pcus( and beans, ami
other arlicli s, dried and salted pork and beet excepted j
The productions of the colonies, sugars, cotton, coffee •
ail' 1 cocoa excepu d. arc permitted to be exported in,
foreign vessels, on pay ing" five per cent, in and outa-L
ti’i' i s on ail ar.icii s enumerated above.
If sped, ng t. it islands of St. .Martin and Saba,
been re.pmi’rd, that tiie national vesstis iiclon^ii
the oorts ill tin; kingdom of the Nctiieiiaiids, are i x, nq
ur. paying inward ami outward dunes, unii the e\
f'bcs ui tiiat quarter, who have more than once
surprised several merchant vessels trailing there
.mu massacred every soul on board, 'i mur
derous disposition, assisted n> tne cm wing of a
civilized rubber, could not fail in being b..,r,i-
tiable, and fiequcotiy uitii'.iating in the destruc
tion ot our merchant ineu; nay. tin* very v ui.eiv
L-self m glit fall a vic tim to satiate the Vui.mii;'
Team e. Kut were lucre no po.s.-ib lily o: e-
caping into the interior or should t* c vac,vie.
entenain any aversion against entrusting them
selves with ti.e savages, opportunities would,
some time or another, occur, Ol seizing on weakly
I manned vessel.-, and putting to sea: or bv con
cealing theiiiseivcs, in ships touching there until
l a considerable distance trom land, they would
either find their way to China and from them ■
• to Europe, or desert at some of the islands if
■ a i -dif}trsiu; where, in conjunction with the r.i-
] tivcs. They woubi soon liiitl means tosuiniisr
I some mercnautninn or other. In the first and
it has ! n»st instance, with vessels at command, they
g tr ; would naturally resume their old habit of piun-
uering. i ne ill disposed portion of
Fired crew would augment their ft*ire
.,* hi* information ami got - i mi.ent, a.,cl 1 scqu.inl aril dulv of 24 (foliar* on ev. ry ihousaiul ! tUr0d crew '' ou!d Im re, bsihg
fit for your nucuigeiic., a., . .on ..ctmg as governor | ( ,f.,og.,r. The articus imported, in foreign v. - Fiat system of buccaneering already progressing
„<l.capu... gcn-ral pro ump.i.e. m con* 'f :e st |s art . M .b|. ct to an inwanl duty of dj per ecu and (., ! !:v (lie* Convicts who have escaped Lorn J‘o‘
’’K-rSStmTSr* - fr If «» r.*--*? Eft" *? “w* ;•<»*»»” a short lap.,-
\nor '/>■.« il/is Or I. nr, Pl.it.nk '.'.'I" 1 V -'' 1 - ''! an II, lenacr tlic na vi-al inn of (lit- Fai ill! in* -
translated for the Freeman's Journal.
FOTRTil BULI.F.TIV OF THE CENTRAL ARMY.
The junction of the two divisions of generals *iona T
ft- s ami Sartisa being accornphshed, conf(>rni..hie to the
(intens of the commander in chief, the army commenced
its march from the head quarters at 8ri Diego Cabrutica,
the kJili August in tiie morning in the oireetion of Avar
vua. The object of the coTiunainh-i- in chief was to take
possession of that important position, before tiie forces
that the enemy was collecting in the plains of (Jyvazcas,
could occupy it. It was necessary to make most rapid
marche*—hut such was the rigor of tiie season, that anv
other array less animated than our’s, v.ilh ihe enthusiasm
of liberty, would have been detained. Copious ami con
tinued rams, impetuous torrents, immense rivers, and in
undated plains, obstacle* of every description, that conn!
only be vanquished by republican constancy, were en
countered at every step in our march. N'otwid,-standing
we arrived the 3d instant at Luatacaro, " here obtaining
inf rfftation of the movements of tiie anny of the cncn,v
under tiie command of Morales—the commander in clue:
determined to march b.rc.k (countramaich) on the 4th
upon those forces, to prevent their junction with tluio.
of Aragna, whose conunandi r tliought proper to accele
rate our plan precipitately, under tiie deiuaiou tiiat Hi
Our army was encamped on the hill of tiie Mrivcan, oi
the morning of the 6tli, w hen the outposts announced
they had discovered the enemy on the heights of the Ro-
bie. Our.ufiny was forined.in order of battle in their po-
«ition, the * cavalry of general Munagas occupying trie
right, the infantry the centre? under the command of lieu,
col. Fedro Lyon Torres, with i wo piquets of Indian how-
Boeti, comnntnded by their cluefs, Manaure and 1'opepe,
and on the left the cavalry of general Zarnza, the reserva
commanded, by brevet col. Hiuneo Mora, formed in co
lunmthe rear gtiard. i d/t > _
At 11 a. m. the enemy began to matt bis appearanc,
on the hill in our front, with columns of his cav dn
which were recoil noitefed on our right by general Mo/if.
yit,and °P nlLF h * by colonel fnfaute.
A party of the enemy’s ligiit troops took possession of
a wood in front of out r%ht, , ah’dtlie rest of his column
frdjowed, forming his line supported-on the same wood,
itli another in his rear-, hia infantry occupying life cen
Translation rf a it-iit t-Jiont iht. g-,: -error u::l cuf-t..ia gene
ral of Havana, to the. Sp.w’xh JHi.-.ixte. .
(i-ovfuiisriAL.) li.vana, ti, p.emh.-r 3.8, 1816.
Through I’ailre Fr. Anlomooe Scdclia, Don Jo.-e Al
varez tit Toledo has coiiniK'.uic.iti d m l : .,- i.dic . ,11i.c
captain Lcntral, a lettei under u.iie .• T Xew-OrUans, Is,
.Inly last, man-fisting his repent .act- and .miitou- im- ins
disloyal conduct, ui re^tiiig’:fm pardon of ins m-jestc,
and prouiissing to c nt.tr; :•»s vt-r; errors to .iieVood
and .service oi the u.di n. And a. proof of tins dispo
sition, he* si. oils ,..e a pi to ot los own Willi In.- ide-as n
the- subject of tiie pacd.catiedi of tue kingdom ol M- vi
ew, and” concludes by stating that lie would proceed in
tew (laysto Piiiladeijima, .o present lutllseif lo vo.i lo
treat wi’li you of these mutt, rs, and then to e"uii!u'i:,e lus
vovagt- to Madrid. At the fd-si si^iit ..f tliese tn-nionsira
tions of the y oung ’Toledo, they seem-ed to be sincere
Nevertheless, I have eompareei them w ith vour letters
aiiei advices to tiie 23 n ..f August last, it was tnen in I:
time heshindd-havepresented uiniselt to you ae-.cortlii:.
to his promise*. On tne com rai-y, it appems inat lie re
mained leagued with the pen erse adveii.urersci;^m
spreading the flame of tiie insurrection and in con.inn
ing marili-iie piracies.
in (bis perplexity I sent for tbe yoon- man’s f.iht-r.
respectable for his fidelity uuel g. od sen ices. I de,. .c-ui
him two letters which came airccud to nun, and m an
absence he has given them answers, wine:, lie iia"<:• .i
open, wi n a biliot exchange endorsed ncir to yi n I
tile value ot two liioiisailu doi .lies. Tl,.s odi 1-1 ; , I
niises of reformation, and von are
Toledo conijMies v nil ]
serve them fiankh and !i >noi .b,\,
Ktti-.ill ii be Wih
y . u will c .us*
aforesaid sum to be paid lo him—not all at one :ii*u
partially, for Ugiiiniate’T,-- , of which you uu.-l
knowledge am! confidence ill.
t b’VlOr ..111’ c.-ir:
my object is *.• •
:i al'.iMdoi' in- n -
IOI t . .11*1 Ol.MIlCII
t N !z ;t aid) lO
r : o (1
ijl;t;» an! n four-
' i n- J oiceei) nmi-
Conirr.it’iiig tins de-lic ,te* affliir to v°'<
and to your know n /■ ,.i and peud.
see not only' tins prejiuiu ia, vui::; r , m
• egttlar Career, and , w :tfidr.,.v lus .ii*;,;
from the enemies of tbe- kiug" and tin
try whether by this me.ns it -.nay not I
privc them of some ot lilt r actual stm
• c-s, winch would not peril.-- -s he difficu
ie if in the iliOliiedit of altering t is <aj,,.;i;ei.
Abstaining from other r. .i< .ai.,ns, vviuc.i .ve unneccs-
‘-'try-for you, I hope that you w iii .• n , nie f- mc-lti .i ni-
I’orm-ition of .,11 that rt/av occur in Uns l.u-iues-; endea
voring, if Toledo shou.tf not have, pre-enied liinise if, to
nforni yourself of lii- acubns and inovi-mehts since the
foremen! ioned date of duly last, m order ihut I neiv nai
ler an account to bis majesty ot tins ocoinx-iice, and
akc sucli measures a* inav .be proper and expeelicnt for
us royal service, flod bivss you iiiatn years.
Translation of a let lor from the elder Toledo to Don Onis.
Havana, September 26, 1816.
Must Excellent Sir,
Dkah Sir—I baud your excellency, annexed, a bill of
xcitange for g2000, for tiie purposes explained in the
•ccompanying letter, which 1 deliver to you open for the
icrson to whom it is *d dressed, all conformably to tile
dvices which y our excf »‘-d3y will r^geive on the subject,
from the most excellent tbe —p*iin g^Drni.l. of this i^and,
lons.viz ill---vi-ions of every desc: q.lioo pay three on
entry; ruin a.id lii dassi s, fuf in and nut.ca d duty, pay-
one iiatt dollar her cask, saV o.r T :oofieil: rve and !,1 cal flour
pays two rims in and three rials ui,heard duly p-r b..r- I
All -nicies <• icing from Europe are subject to ail iu-
w;ir ! dint ol live p. i c.ul. ai'.il all oil* ward dutv of six
per celli. ou Lie amount ot tile oi'.m't; ill c. -.e tile in
voice caiihoi be produced, the inw^l’-d duly i.-. fixed at
3; -hi ci nt. and the outward duty at 4* jkr edit, on
the iii.oket price of tin colony.
On the exportation of all the articles, a deductionfw il!
be made of l.he amount, ofthe (ini' p:ud. With ng.-rd
to ti.e provisions tiiat have paid 3 pvi* cent. mw..id du
ly, Tins reduc-ion is fixed on one hail. The exportation
of provisions of every description, however, to be made
in three months; and o! all other artic.es ... i,\ months
from the d..v of the en.rv.
Co-'xniutr Hfire of the .Ye: her! antis, .Yen'- York,
December 4, lblb.
S \M)\\ It II 1ST.\ND6.
Wh liave conversed with gentleman who has recent
ly n • It. lied from t ie I’aClt.e Oee.m. lie states illl.t It IS
mk cor-eet. as lias been reported, that Tslila.uiiah bus con
quered all the rvaudvv icii islands. A tooi, vv Inch is at one
• Vila tne nfih-.- group and is more than 3fiJ miles Iron:
tlwyiiec, vvliert Tutiiaaiuah residts. still preser.t-s its ui-
h ; Liidence. Il is true, that I amorce went down sev,-
i.d veais since, and nude a surrender of lus island to
i .unaainah; but m. has since ti> ought better of r, and
bidet! not ri. field without a struggle. Our in
is p'-e-i-nts T...naxUia!i to be an artful, sagacious
v.riitich av..racious. He w.uit> every tiling
Hi is co .initially solic.iiiig' presents trom tin
,s, vvlio visit him, and dislikes gi*. ing any tin;.
Tamorec, ou the comrary, is a generous, mi-
1 man Hecainim he prtv.mtd upontuaci cp.
it _ny thing w itliotu ivturning ail equu aleut. We li.w
ui*eati. ’■( coni, d au i.-iStanci of ms humatut v' ill sending
in—!>oat in tne laid—t of a bc.i'v-^.UO to 11i.- a-si-.taiici oi
a,; Alllera all Vv -i, ill (liSd*i"SS allti "oivli Was tin
nn alls of avin"'tie: fioni slo-.uiaik. Ti.is in.ctlotei-
a c rts cl il.ii-.tr.,tion ot 11... ciiitfaC’er. l'aiiioree is
till- rigiilfili sovereign of ail tla .'andvv.c.i IslalulS.—
I ..maautnb is all iisuvpei . T..ni;uinaii lus no vessel oi
more than i ignl <-r bn tons nurtneii. He is anxious,
however, to purcuasc a slnji for the purpo e, it i- sup
posed, of iiiiajm , Atooi. t: nioiae iiiso "isi.es to I) .y
siup. 1 aiiiaaluati is about r • ) ' c.;-/ (»id, and appears
i amorce is iii ins prime, 43 ycals old.
Hite because, as tne American bo.,id el
i- foreign iii.ssions will probably fi.v up-
lnissioiiarv sUdions, it
;)iacfiqable or at least extremely hazardous by
lay tiling weaker tiian a stout sloop ol war.—
a be evil would be permanent: it would not
t ease with tiie present generation; because the
pirates vvouid form connexions with the femalc-
islaiulers and the audacity and vices of the sire
would be transmitted unimpaired to the son.—
in such a condition of things, ail attempts at ci
vilizing oc amending the morals of the natives
must prove futile, as the corsairs would sedu-
ously destroy every missionary establishment
" Inc i
Tor'll ui *
• I...U .ml
• * ' ’' * i u 1
mignt ui iiigt.ieir practices into disrepute.
Thus, .America wouid be deprived of a valuable
ic.itiic, and the worthy intentions of the religious
and humane be—perhaps forever-—frustrated.
The growing dislike to the penitentiary sys
tem is* certainly premature, and whoilv founded
on a total ignorance of its nature, ’i lie casual
ties which seem to set it indent* rice inNew-l ork
are remediable and that too with but little trouble.
Fhey flow entirely from the want of foresight
on the part of the legislature yf that state, in not
providing against the extention of crime with
the encrease oi population. I lie most superfi-
air,! observer, one would suppose,must certain!’-’
*>e aware that the prison calculated to contain
ihe evil dispusmi among five hundred persons
wouid not answer the same I'tinmsc wiien that
-toth-iv hat! encreascd to a toousami, unless,in-
!c. tl, a great reformat it n
bl i -kx. il.
'A c arc tfi is ini
cnmnissioiu r«t i
on These i i-aiiils for one ofiiu.ii*
lms iv-mleretl every tiling which rclalcs to uic-m unusual
ly interesting. Trom tins stulcniciit it appears not ini.
prob..ble that George m y, at some future day, be km*-
ofAiooi, if not of ail the Sandwich Islands. W’c cannot
but notice that in casting this y oung prince upon our
shores, and in all the circumstances of the case, dm hand
ot Providence seeing to be pointed in a remarkable man-
ner to tiie Sand" hi eh Islands as a proptr fleid for our
missionary exertions. It may be added too, tiiat the
share which George has had in the battles, Which has gi-
vea us po naval reputation, and thp humanity
taken place. A
l omparisim of the present revenue collected in
he-Lite oi New-York with that of a few years
oaek oiujht to have admonished the general
sent'!v ol tiie necessity of making additions to
those iiiatitniioiis established for repressing mis-
letu ;t.iois. i’iiis, however,they have notper-
•■ivetl, and tirfe consequence is. that the cvim
irisi.ig trom the omission iiave been attributed to
the law, instead of being laid to its admiinstra-
i'uin. The code, if properly enforced, is rom-
.lensurate to its tle»ign. M lien tiie penitentia
ry was found too small for the number of cul-
-i its, why w as it not enlarged? and when known
that the lenity shewn to its inmates but served
to encourage the profligate in the perpetration or
it regularities, why not introduce a more rigorous
discipline, which would have an opposite ten
dency? After being concious of the inutility o
i comfortable gaol in changing the habits ot de
praved villains, why merge them in it again-
SYhvfiot, on the commission of crime by relea^
etl convicts, chain them in pairs, and. emp o}
thejp for Jife in tbe laborious drudgery of makia*