' LESBIA HAT I# A BEAMING EYE..
AIM—*' «OiU CBEIHA.”
lesbia hath » beaming eye, ...
Hut no one knows Tor whom it beameth,
Right and left its arrows fly,
lint who they aim at no one dreameth.
Sweeter’t is to gaze upon
My Nora’s lid that seldom riie* ;
Few her looks, but every one
Like undissembled light surprises.
Oh, my Nora Creina dear,
My gentle bashful Nora Creina—
In many eyes,
But love in yours my Nora Creina.
Leshia weara a robe of gold,
But all so close the nympth hath lac’d it,
Not a charm of beauty’s'mould
Presumes to stay where nature plac’d it—
Oh, my Nora’s gown forme,
That floats as wild as mountain breexes,
Leaving every beauty free
To sink or swell as Heaven pleases.
Yes, my Nora Creina dear—
f Sly simple, graceful Nora Creina—
The dress you wear, my Nora Creina!
Lesbia hath a wit refin’d,
But, when its points are gleaming round us,
Who can tell if they’re design’d
To dazzle merely or to wound us f
Pillow’d on iny Nora’s heart.
In safer slumber love reposes f
Bed or peace—whose roughest part,
Is but the crumbling of the roses—
Oh, my Nora Creina dear—
My mild, my artless Nora Creina—
Wit, though bright,
Hath not the light
That warms your eyes, my Nora Creina.
ORIGIN OF THE TERMS WHIG & TORY.
1. This year (says Hume, hist. Eng. 1680)
is remarkable for being the epoch of the well
known epithets of Whig am! Tory, by which
and sometimes without any material differ
ence, this island has been so long divided.—
The court party reproached their antagonists
with their affinity to the fanatical convcntic-
lers inScotlan.l.wlio were known by the name
of Whigs : the country party found a resem
blance between the courtiers and popish ban
ditti in Ireland, to whom the appellation of
Tory was affixed. And after this manner,
these foolish terms of reproach came into
public and general use ; and even at present;
seem not nearer their end than when first in
2. Mr. Laing takes no notice of the term
Tory,—but of Whig, he gives the following
as the origin :—Argyle and Lothian had be
gun an insurrection in the Highlands, and so
forth. The expedition was termed the Wliig-
amores’ inroad, from a word employed by
these western peasants in driving horses; and
the name transferred in the succeeding reign
to the opponents of court, is still preserved
and cherished by the whigs, as the genuine
descendants of the covenanting Scots.*
3. Bailey, in his dictionary, gives the fol
lowing :—Whig (Sax.) whey, butter-milk or
very small beer,—again,—A whig—first ap
plied to those in Scotland who kept their
meetings in the fields, their common food
being 8our-miIk,f—a nickname given to those
who were against the court interest in the
times of king Charles and James II, and to
•uch as were for it in succeeding reigns.
With regard to Tory, he says,—a word
first used by the protest.ants in Ireland, to
signify those Irish common robbers and mur
derers, who stood outlawed for robbery and
murder; now a nickname to such as call
themselves high church men, or the partizans
of the Chevalier dc St. George.
4. Johnson, again, has—Whig (Sax.) 1.
Whey.—2. The name of a faction,—and as to
Tory, he supposes it to be derived from an
Irish word, signifying a savage.—One who
udhers to the ancient constitution of the state,
and the apostolical hierarchy of the ihurch of
England—opposed to a whig.
Torbhee is the Irish appellation for a per
son who seizes by force, and without the in
tervention of law, what,'whether so or not,
he alleges to be his property.
5. Daniel Defoe, in No. 75 of vol. vii. af
his review of the British nation, 1709, gives
the following history of these terms :—“ The
word Tory is Irish, and was first made use
of in Ireland, in the time of Elizabeth's wars
there. It signified a kind of robbers, who
being listed in neither army, preyed in gene
ral upon their country, without distinction of
English or Irish. In the Irish massacre in
1641, you had them in great numbers, assist
ant in every thing that was bloody and vil-
lanous, and particularly when humanity pre
vailed upon some of the papists to preserve
protestant relations; these were such as chose
to butcher brothers and sisters, fathers and
mothers, and dearest friends and nearest re
lations,—and thes) were called Tories. In
England, about the year 1689, a party of men
appeared among us, who, though pretended
jirotestants, yet applied themselves to the ru
in and destruction of their country. They
quickly got the name of Taries. Then; real
godfather, who gave them the name, was Ti-
tua Oates ; and the occasion as follows : The
author of this happened to be present. There
was a meeting of some people in the city, up
on the occasion of the discovery of some at-
tept to stifle the evidences of the witnesses,
(about the popish plot) and tampering with
Bedlow and Stephen Dugd Je. Among the
discourse, Mr. Bedlow said, he had letters
from Ireland, that there were some Tories to
be brought over hither, who were privately
to murder Dr. Oates and the said Bedlow.
The doctor, whose zeal was very hot, could
never hear any man talk after this against
the plot, or against the witnesses, but he
thought he was one of these tories, and called
Utmost every man who opposed him in dis
course—a Tory ; till at last the word tory be
came popular, and they owned it; just as
they do now the name of ‘higflycr.’
« A? to the word Whig, it is Scots. The
use of it began there, when the western men
called Cameronians, took up arms frequent
ly for their religion. Whig was a word used
in those parts for a kind of liquor the west
ern Highlandmen used to drink, the compo
sition of which I do not remember, but so be
came common to these people who drank it,
These men took up arms about the year 1681,
being the insurrection at Bothwell Bridge.
The duke of Monmouth, then in favor here,
was sent against them by king Charles and
defeated them. At his return, instead ofthanks
for his good service, he found himself ill treat
ed for using them mercifully. And Lauder
dale told Charles, with an oath, that the duke
had been so civil to the whigs, because he
was a whig himself in his heart. This made
it a court word, and in a little while all the
friends and follower* of the duke began to he
called whigs ; and they, as the other party
did by the word tory, took it freely enough to
• For a further account of the term “ Whigamure,” see
Burnet, an quoted in Johnson’s dictionary.
f In different parts of Scotland the term whig is (till
commonly applied to a sort of sour liquid which is ob
tained from milk or cream. The whig is taken from cresm
after it has been collected six or eight days for a kirning,
and is drawn off by a spiggot from the bottom of the cask
or can.—It is also taken from sour ipilk, when in a coogu
lated state, or what the Scotch call lappert milk, being
merely the thin watery substance which is separated
fi-om the curd on atirring it about. The whig, both of
sour milk and cream, is extremely tart to the taste.
It is not, so far as we know, used in any way for food
by the common people. Might not tills term have
beeq first applied to the covenanters, in derision of their
auitere manners and unpalatable opinions ?
A man of 40,000 francs.
The following is taken from a French pa
per : “ A provincial footman put into the lot
tery of St. Sulpice, gained a prize of 40,000
livres, took leave of his master and came to
Paris, not to place out his money to advan
tage, but to spend it. He hired a superb ho
tel, purchased horses and a carriage, clothed
his numerous domestics in a livery, played
high, and kept an excellent table. lie was
universally feasted and entertained; and
every where in the best houses, nothing was
talked of but the generous stranger. Stran
ger indeed ! He was known by noboddy.—
Generous too, for he had his purse full of mo
ney, and paid every account that was present
ed to him ; but so freely did he disburse and
pay that at the end of the year he had noth
ing left. At last he announced, that lie would
dine at home, and at two o’clock precisely.
Two o’clock strikes, dinner is served, no
guest appears. He calls up his coachman,
his laquies, his cook, and his valet de chain-
lire, lie makes them a signal to sit down at
table with him. They are at first astonish
ed, and then start difficulties in complying;
he insists, they obey ; they chat, and when
the champaigrie begins to establish familiar
ity, he says to them, “ my comrades, you
have thought me agreat man, I am only a va
let de chainbrc like yourselves. I gained a
prize of 40,000 francs; 1 have nothing more;
I go to resume my livery. Adieu.” This
said, he got into a Diligence and arrives at
the house of his old master, who delighted at
seeing him again. “ 1 expect to hear that
you have laid out your money well;” said
he to him ; “ very well; for 1 have eaten it!”
“ Eaten it 1” “ Yes ; and that in the space
of a year. I wished to see what was the life
of a man who has forty thousand hvres a
year; have done almost every thing they do;
I have procured all their enjoyments !” “ Is
it rpally so ?” “ Really ; there is nothing
wonderful in that—belmld me satisfied ; i
shall he much better if you will take me into
your service.” “ Very willingly, if your ex
pertinent has cured you of the desire of richui.’
Perseverance—It is not generally known
that the extraordinary persei* ranee which
was the feature most remarkably displayed
in Timour's character during a fifty years
continued series of battles, was edited first
by a better cause than encouraged Robert
Bruce to similar exertions. “ I once,” said
Timour, was forced to take shelter from my
enemies in a ruined building, where I sat a-
lonu many hours. Desiring, to divert my
mind from my hopeless condition I fixed my
observation on an ant that was carrying a
grain of corn larger than itself up a high wall.
I numbered the efforts it made to accomplish
this object. The grain fell 69 times to the
ground ; but the insect still persevered, and
tbs seventieth time it reached the top of the
wall. This sight gave me courage at the mo
ment ; and I have never forgotten the lesson
it conveyed.—London paper.
Tacitus says “ an early marriage makes
us immortal. It is the soul and prop of em
pire. That man who resolves to live without
woman, and that woman who resolves to live
without man, are enemies to the community
in which they dwell, injurious to themselves,
destructive to the world, apostates from na
turc, and rebels against heaven and earth.”
“ Wit is but nature to advantage diest;
What oft wax thought, but lie’er to well express’d.”
ON THE ADVANTAGES OF GOOD TEETH.
I trust that some remarks on the advantag
es of good teeth, and the inconveniencies ui
bad ones, as well as a few hints fur tl. *.• pre
servation, will not he unac ceptable to the ge
nerality of your readers. A former number
of your useful miscellany bestowed merited
praise on certain celebrated dentists of your
city ; hut these artists are within the reach
of but a small portion of the community ;
and after all, the prevention of an evil is far
better than its remedy.
It is certain that no part of the “human face
divine” is more pleasing to the eye than a re
gular and white set of teeth. And let Puri
tanism or austerity say what they will, it is
a virtue in us to endeavor to appear amiable
and agreeable in the eyes of others. We cul
tivate beauty in flowers ; we admire it in
birds ; we praise it in horses and dogs; and
shall we he indifferent to itin our own species?
This would he the heigth of ingratitude to
the bounty of nature, w'hich has planted in
the human breast so livelya sensibility toper-
sonal beauty. Let us not then perversely
thwart her benign purpose. Besides, teeth
that are decayi n and neglected are sure to
occasion disagreeable breath : and although
we may be carries about exciting admiration,
we certainly ought to avoid giving offence.
If the care of teeth is important as it re
spects others, it is much more so as it respects
ourselves. When in a state of decay they
arc apt to cause troublesome and obstinate
tooth aches, ami sometimes painful affections
of the head, ulcerations and weakness in the
eyes. When the jaw teeth are lost, and we
are consequently unable to perforin the use
ful office of masticating our food, we are ex
posed to the long train of diseases produced
by indigestion, besides being deprived of hall
the pleasure of eating,
Tne loss of teeth, moreover, always more
or less affects the speech. It surely behoves
us to guard against whatever may in the
smallest degree injure this nbble character
istic of our species. A clear and distinct
utterance adds no little to the pleasures of
familiar conversation. To an orator it is in
If any thing else is watning to inculcate at
tention to the teeth, it is tiiat certain Euro
pean travellers have considered bad teetii a
national defect in the United States. I am
far from admitting the justice of the reproach,
as a general one ; but on the contrary have
thought that, on comparing an equal number
of Americans and Europeans in some of the
states, in this particular, the advantage
would be with us. Yet, in as much as some
local habits and individual cases may have
induced illiberal foreigners to say that of all
which was applicable only to a few, we owe
it to ourselves to take away from European
arrogance even this pretext of our inferiority.
Injuries to the teeth are caused principally
by heat, tartar, scalling and scurvy in the
gums ; though sometimes no doubt their un
soundness is hereditary, in which case the
only remedy is to he found in the art of the
denliet. To avoid the ordinary causes of de-
ay> the'following easy rules would common
ly be efficacious.
1. Beware of drinking or eating any thing
very hot.—No one thing besides lias dime so
much injury to the teeth as hot tea, hot'coffee
and hot soups to which so many people ac
custom themselves. The use of hot drinks
has been known, when suddenly adopted,
to produce a sensible effect on the teeth in a
2. Clean the teeth twice a day, with a
brush, in the morning and on going to bed.
Water alone, thus frequently used, will com
monly be sufficient to prevent the accumula
tion of tartar, which is ever forming on the
teeth, and which, if neglected, sooner or
later destroy them. But, as in particular in
dividuals, andat particular times, this remedy
may not prove sufficient.
3. Once a week, or fortnight, or month, as
occasion requires, use some weak alkali,
which combined with the acid substance on the
teeth, makes it more easily separate A yield
to the operation of the brush. Substances
that will answer this purpose are always at
hand, such as charcoal, wood ashes, soap &
cliajk. They should, however, be used spar
ingly, as the daily application of them may
act upon the teeth themselves as well as the
tartar which encrusts them.
4. Whenever the gums threaten to leave
any part of the upper teeth exposed, make
use of Peruvian bark as tooth powder.—Tinc
ture of myrrh, table salt and charcoal are al
so useful ip preventing the scurvy of the ins.
As this, however, is not always a local dis
ease (perhaps never with persons attentive to
cleanliness) theonly effectual remedy is to re
store a healthy temparament to the whole
5. Never use the teeth for cracking nuts
or other hard substances. A large part of
the animal tooth has irritability and sensa
tion, like the other bones, and experiences
the same mischievous effects from exposure.
Above, it is protected by the gums ; below,
by a bony encrustation of peculiar hardness,
commonly called the enamel. Whenever ei
ther of these defences are removed, the con
sequence is pain, disease and decay ; and
the enamel is more carefully to be guarded,
because when once destroyed it can never be
I sincerely hope, sir, that such of your ,. e(u
ders as now have good teeth may so profit L
lie foregoing rifles as to preserve them tn „i,|
age, for old age will ceme in spite 0 f their
teeth ; and that those to whom this advice
has arrived too late may inculcate its obser
vance with their children until habit shall
nake it easy and agreeable.—Port Folio.
Administrators and Guardians' Sale of
. VALUABLE PROPERTY.
"4HE real estate of Obediah Lowe, late of th*
_j_ county of Baldwin, in the State of Georgia
deceased, coasts ting of two squares, to wit, num.’
bera tym hundred and forty-six, and two hundred
and sixty-four, each containing 202 1-2 acres
and a fraction number two hundred and seventy!
one, containing 114 1-4 acres, all in the fifth dig.
trict of , Wilkinson at the time of the survey, now
Baldwin county, making the estate in the agne-
gate, so far as is now known, 519 1-4 acres, inure
or less, will be sold to the highest bidder, at the
Court-House of Baldwin county, in MilledgeyiNe
on tly> first Tuesday in Februury next, agreeably
to an order of the honorable the Inferior Court of
Bald win county, sitting for ordinary purposes
passed on the 24th November instant," to be sold*
for the benefit of the heirs and creditors of said
deCelSeiJ ’ MAL. G. WILKINSON, Adm’r
ifi right of his wife Judah, late Judah Lowe.
v ABNER LOCKE, CLiardian
of Elizabeth and Obedience Lowe, orphanl
and ilaughthers of Obediah Lowe, dec.
Nov. 25, 1817.
HE subscriber offers his professional services
as a Lawyer to the citizens of the seveial
counties in the Western Circuit generally, parti j
r.ularly those of Hancock, Jones, Jasper, Put}
am and Baldwin, in the Ockmulgee circuit.
Sparta, Nov. 18, 1817.
T HE subscriber will be a candidate for Receiv
er ot Tax’Returng for Baldwin county, at
the ensuing election.
Millegeville, Nov. 19.
T HE subscribers hereby announce that they
have extended a branch of their business ta
Augusta, to be conducted by Mr. James Wood-
row, under the firm of James Woodrow Sf Co.
and are now opening, at the Stora formerly occu
pied by Adam Hutcheson, e3q. an extensive as
sortment of DRY GOODS and HARD-WARE,
imported in the ship Georgia and other recent ar
rivals from Britain, which will be sold at a mode
rate advance fur cash,produce,nr approved paper.
ANDREW LOW & Co.
Savannah, Nov. 1.
RESPECTFULLY informs the citizens of
Hi Augusta and its vicinity, that he has estab
lished himself in this cityy where lie intends pur
suing the PRACTICE of MEDICINE, in its va
rious branches, and flatters himself that he will
be enabled, from his knowledge and experience,
to render general satisfaction. He may be found
when not engaged in his professional services, at
the house of Alessrs. Tardy & Bnuyer.
MIE subscribers having associated themselve*
in business, under the firm of Dickinson
Starnes, oiler their services to their friends and
the public in general, in the COMMISSION and
FACTORAGE LINE. 'IhcAVare-Houseisen-
tirely,detached from any building of fire, and on
a good construction, immediately in the rear of
Cosbv Dickinson’s large new building, and oppo
site the centre of the upper squares—where every
attention will be given to render general satis
faction. COSBY DICKINSON,
Augusta, Geo. Nov. 4, 1817. l-4t
A GREEABLY to an order of the Court of
Ordinary for Baldwin county, will be sold
on the first Tuesday in February next, one third
of an acre LOT in the town of .j/illedgeville, on
Hancock street, the property of Henry Johnston,
deceased, sold for the benefit of his heirs and
creditors. A. F. BY1NGTON, admV.
W ILL be Sold at the plantation of Drury R*.
gers, all the personal property ot Benjamin
Rogers, deceased, consisting of Horses, Cattle
and Hogs, and many other articles too tedious to
mention. Sale to be held on the 24th of Decem
ber next. Terms of sale made known on the
davof sale. DltURY ROGERS, adm’r.
November 12, 1817.
HE Office of “ The Reflector,” is furnished
with materials for executing, in a style of un
usual neatness, Books, Pamphlets, Cards, Blanks,
and Job Printing of every description ; orders
for which will bo thankfully received and punctu
ally attended to.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BT
J. B. HINF”, *
AT TIIREE DOLLAitS PER YEAR,.UC ADTAWC*.
Advertisements under one hundred words, insei ted the
first tune for 75 cents, cash, and 50 cents for each contin*
nance—longcrones in proportion. Every insertion of no*
tices not prSl shed weekly, charged as the firxt. Admin
istrators sales of real estate advertised for g 4 cash—
of personal property g 3—notices to debtors and credi
tors j*. 3—and nine r.nnlhs citations g 5—one fourth
more in every instance, if not settled for when left for
0O* The law requires land and negroes belonging tn
testators and intestates, to be advertise,! sixty days -, ]ier*
ishable propery, forty ; notices to debtors and creditors,
six weeks; and citations for leave to sell estate, (monthly?
Letters to the editor must be post paid.