Ihe most perfect Government would be that which, emanating tfirteily from the People, Governs least—Costs least—Bfepenses Jnttiee to aft and eonfers Privileges on None.—BENTHAM.
BY i. a REYNOLDS.
OVER OLD DARIEN BANK.
MULBERRY STREET, MACON, GA.
AT $2,50 Pj&iß i^NNUM,
Paid in Advance.jcg
Rates of Advertising, St c.
One square, of 100 words, or loss, in small type, 75 cents
for the first insertion, and 60 cents for aach subsequent inser
All Advertisements containing more than 100 and leas than
200 words, will be charged as two squares.
To Yearly Advertisers, a liberal deduction will be made
N. B dales of LAND, by Administrators, Executors.
nuSr.linns. are reouired. by law, to be held on the firs 1
Tuesday in the month, between the hours of 10 in the fore
00n and 3in the afternoon, at the Court-House in the Coun
"v m'which the property is situated. Notice of these must
given in a public Uaxeue, SIXTY DAYS, previous to the
day of sale.
Sales of PERSONAL PROPERTY, must be advertised in
.•tie same manner, FORTY DAYS previous to the day of sale.
Notice to Debtors and Creditors of an Estate, must be pul"
dished FORTY Days.
Notice that application will be made to the Court of Ordi
arv. for leave to sell LAND, must be published FOUR
Sales of NEOROES, must be made at public auction, on
the first Tuesday of the month, between the legal hours of
sale, at the place of public sales in the county where the let
ters’testamentary, of Administration or Guardianship, shall
t,ave been granted, SIXTY DAYS notice being previously
given IP one of the public garettes of this State, and at the door
of the Court-House, where such sales are to be held.
Notice for leave to sell NEGROES, must be published fo r
FOUR MONTHS, before any order absolute shall be made
thereon by the Court.
All business of this nature, will receive prompt attentions
the Ollice of the AMERICAN DEMOCRAT.
REMITTANCES BY MAIL. —“A Postmaster may en
close money in a letter to the publisher of a newspaper, to
( ay the subscription of a third person, and frank the letter, if
written by himself.” Amo* Kendall, P. MO.
All Letters of business raustbeaddtessed to the Pusushbr,
Prom the New Haven Register
OUR BANNER IN TIIE BRE ZE.
Unfurl our banner to the breeze !
To droop or falter never more—
From Maine’s far boundaries to the seas
That roll upon the Texan shore,
Our rising hosts girt on in might
The crushing arms that freemen wield,
And with unbroken front unite
And form along the battle-field.
In serried phalanx dense and deep,
Resolved and firm, and undismayed.
As ocean waves resistless sweep,
They march with truth’s bright shield and blade.
And “ sti:l they route,” the gathering throng'
While riogt afar the thundering cry,
From host to distant host along,
•< /.’or Polk! for Dallas! Victory!"
The whigs look on ;n wild amaze,
With pale despair in every "j o,
\n«l vainly hope to qoenrh If M..ze
That leaps and flashes through the sky'
In vain they uoUt fteir frenzy flag
And flap their coon-skins through the air.
In vain they t'rink and shout and brag;
Unfaltering still, “our flag is there!”
Soon o’er the field of conflict won,
Above the foes’ eternal grave,
In victory’s bright and cloudless sun,
Our star gem’d gontalon shall wave ;
And Man from every distant clime.
From every shore and every sen
Shall claim beneath its fold sublime.
The glorious birthright otthe tree
Democracy ! what joy shall i>our
Its swelling anthem on the wind,
When at the idol’s shrine no more
Shall basely bend the human mind;
When owls, and cats, and coon-skins, all
Shall pass as long-forgotten things,
And radiant o’er the land shall fall
The day that Truth and Freedom brings!
Prom the Plebeian.
POLK, D \LLAS, Y#D DEMOCRACY
Up, Freemen up! and bear on high
The flaunting flag of Liberty !
Give to the breeze its silken fold,
And eagle-crust of burning gold,
Flashing in the heaven-born light
That streams from Freedom’s mountain height
Up, Freemen, up!—awake, and save
The Mood-bought rights your fathers gave;
Burst through the chains oppression’s hand
Would rivet on your native land,
Anti shield your country’s spotless fame
From deep and everlasting shame.
Up, Freemen, up! the beacon light
From every crag streams clear and bright;
From every plain, and every hill,
The trumpet’s blast rings free and shrill,
While echoing notes responsive speak
From every crcsttd mountain peak.
Up, Freemen up! close up your ranks,
And, as a torrent bursts its banks
’-veep on in serried stern array,
Wl *> hearts on fire to join the fray—
Y'our uulo-cry so wild and free,
FOLK, t VLLAS, and DEMOCRACY.
L. W. H.
The whole country is on fire vith Democratic enthu
siasm.— Young 1000,0111 men, one and all! now is the
time if you wish to j»lo the tanks of the Republican
party, and march forward for Polk, for Dallas, and
for victory. Come now! Come out openly and fear
lessly, and you will receive a most hearty welcome.
Come as the rivers do,
Come as the breezes do,
Over us blowing,
If ye have whirred Democracy,
Whisper no longer :
Speak as the tempest does,
Sterner and stronger:
Folk and our States rights,
Truce with old Cl*v
Ntft’er oh' never.
D _ ::O3F A.TIO B ITUrP.—“ Sett Rrtrnv, Roto Salt's, Vto Stbt, Jtejiarstfon Cron juntas. Scorn tav, JaelrtiKWaUift,' art** Strict ZRUtrrmct to flu eonstftntioa."
’I he memoirs of Count Rostuptcbin.
A lady one day said to the celebrated
Count Rostoptchin that he ought 'o write
his memoirs. The next day the Count
handed her a little roll of paper. “What
have you here 7” asked the lady. “ I
have obeyed your commands,” replied he;
“ I have written my memoirs : here they
The lady was not a little surprised by
the promptness of the performance ; and
hastened to )>eruse the following mor
ceau, the caustic wit and piquancy of
which will remind the reader or the keen
satire of Voltaire.
MY MEMOIRS OF MYSELF AS I AM.
Written in ten minutes.
Chapter 1. My Birth. On the 12lh
day of March, 1775, I emerged from
darkness into the light of day. I was
measured, I was weighed, I was baptised.
I was born without knowing wherefore,
and my parents thanked heaven without
knowing for what.
Chapter 11. My Education. I was
taught all sorts of things, and learned all
kinds of languages. By dint of impu
dence and quackery, I sometimes passed
for a servant. My head has become a
library of old volumes, of which I keep
Chapter 111. My sufferings. I was
tormented bv masters ; by tailors who
made tight dresses for me; by women,
by ambition, by self-love, by useless re
grets, by kings, and by remembrances.
Chapter IV. Privations. I have been
deprived of three great enjoyments of the
human species—thelt, gluttony and
Chapter V. Memorable Epochs. At
the age of thirty I gave up dancing; at
forty, my endeavors to please the fair
sex ; at fifty, my regard of public opinion;
at sixty, the trouble of thinking ; and I
am now become a true sage, or egotist,
which is the same thing.
Chapter VI. Moral Traits. I was
stubborn as a mule, capricious as a co
quette, frolicsome as a child, lazy as a
dormouse, active as Bonaparte, and all at
Chapter VII. Important Resolution.
Never having lieen able to conquer my
countenance, I let loose the bridle of my
tong-lie. and contracted the bad habit of
flunking aloud. This procured me some
pleasure and many enemies.
< 'bapfer VIII. What I was and what
I might have lieen. I have lieen .very
sensible of friendship and confidence;
and il I had lieen borne ill the golden
age, I might have been an excellent man.
Chapter IX. Respectable Principles.
I have never meddled in any marriages
or scandal. I have never recommended
a cook or a physician ; and consequent
ly have never attempted the life of any
Chapter X. My Taste. I took plea
sure in small parties, and was fotid of a
walk in the woods. I have an involunta
ry veneration for the sun, and his setting
often made me sad. Os colors I preferred
blue ; in eating, beef and horse radish ;
for drinking, cold wnter ; at the theatre,
comedy and farce ; of men and women,
men, open and expressive countenance.
Hunchbacks of both sexes always had a
peculiar charm for me, which l never
Chapter XI. Mv Dislikes. I had a
dislike to sots and fobs, and to intriguing
woman who made a game of virtue; It
disgust for affection ; pity for made up
men—painted women; an aversion to
rats, liquors, metaphysics and rhubarb;
and a terror of justice and wild beasts.
Chapter XII. Analysis of my life. I
await death without fear and without im
patience. My life has been a melo drama
on a grand stage, where I have played
the hero, the tyrant, the lover, the noble
man, but never the valet.
Chapter XIII.' Bounties of Heaven.
My great happiness consists in being in
dependent of the three individuals who
govern Europe. As I ant sufficiently
rich, meddle not with politics, and care
very little for music, of course I have
nothing to do with Rothschild, Metter
nich, or Rossini.
Chapter XIV. My Epitaph. “Here
lies, in hope of repose, an old deceased
devil, with a worn out spirit, an exhaus
ted heart, and a used up body. Ladies
and gentlemen, pass on !”
The duty and pleasure of \\ omen.
Groat indeed, is the task assigned to
woman. Who can elevate its dignity?
Who can exaggerate its importance?
Not to make laws, not to lead armies, not
to govern empires ; but to form those by
whom laws are made, and armies led, and
empires governed ; to guard from the
slightest taint of possible infirmity, the
frail yet spotless creature whose moral, no
less than his physical being must be de
rived from her; to inspire those princi
ples, to inculcate those doctrines to ani
mate those sentiments, which genera
tions yet unborn, and nations yet unciv
ilized, shall learn to bless ; to soften firm
ness, into mercy, to chasten honor into
refinement, to exalt generosity into vir
tue ; by her soothing cares to allay the
anguish of the body, and the lar worse
anguish nf the mind : by her tenderness
MACON, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 14, 1844.
to disarm passionby her purity to
triumph over sense ; to cheer the scholar
sinking finder his toll ; to console the
statesman for the ingratitude of a mista
ken people ; to be trie compensation for
hopes that are blighted, for friends that
are perfidious; for happiness that has pas
sed away. Such is her vocation ; the
couch of the tortured sufferer, the prison
of the deserted friend, the cross of a re
jected Saviour—these are scenes of wo
man’s excellence, these are theatres on
which her greatest triumph have been ac
chieved. Such is her destiny—to visit
th* forsaken, to attend the neglected, n
mid the forgetfulness of myriads to re
member—amid the execrations of multi
tudes to bless ; when tuonarchs abandon
when justice persecutes, when brethren
and disciples fly, to remain unshaken and
unchanged, and to exhibit in this lower
world, a type of that love—pure, constant
and ineffable—which in another world,
we are taught to believe the best reward
Evening. —Evening is a precious
time for friends who live together. Mar
ried people know it well, and brothers
and sisters know it too. Contrary to the
flowers, which close their chalices at the
close of the day. the loveliest flower of
friendship—confidence—loves most to
expand itself at evening, and breathes
forth its fragrance most gladly under the
protection of twilight and silence. Then
talk we over the questions of the day ;
then conclude we peace with our heaits,
if we have opened them before to our
friends; then seek we reconciliation from
heaven, and offer it to the world, ere yet
the night comes; and then sleep we so
sound and sweetly.
Lesson fok life. —No matter how
prosperous an individual may be in his
pecuniary, domestic, and social relations
—if he suffer his spirit to be. discompo
sed by trifling annoyances, he ts a stranger
to enjoyment, and every day of his life is
embittered by some petty cause of vex
ation, which his own morbid disposition
magnifies into a serious calamity. On
the other hand, overwhelming must be
the. misfortune which can prostrate a man
that has been disciplined to patient endu
rance, and has habituated to a uiiiiurui
cheerfulness of mind.
Modern English poets.—Of the
glorious brotherhood of poets —viz :
<”ral.be, Rogers, Woodsworth, Scott, Oo
leridg., Campbell, Southey, Moore, By
ron - who once were living at the same
period, the survivors are Rogers, Woods
worth, and Moore. Byron, the youngest
of the band, was the first to be withdrawn
from it; he died in 1824, in the 30tli or
37th year f bis age ; Crabbe in 1832, in
his 78t'i , Scott a little later in the same
year, in his 62d ; Coleridge in 1834, in
his 62; Southey in 1843, in his 69. Os
the survivors, Rogers is the senior, hav
ing been born in 1762; he is consequent
ly in his 82d year. He first distinguished
himself in the year 1786, by an ‘‘Ode to
Superstition ;” his “ Pleasures of Mem
ory” did not appear till 1792. Woods
worth was born in 1770, and is in his
74th year ; and Moore in his 64th, hav
ing been born in 1780.
A vile authoress. —Mr. Walsh, in
one of his letters says“ If authority
were given to me to commit to solitary
confinement for an indefinite period,
with no other manual than the Bible, the
woman I deemed the most maleficient and
’cnlpablte on the face of the globe, I should
unhesitatingly take Madame George
Sand. We might have fiom her Life
in a Penitentiary Cell, which would
serve as some retribution and atonement
for the immeasurable depravity every day
produced by her works.”
Valuable Recipes 11 from Punch."—
Ginger Pop. —Take a large root of gin
ger, and. after boring a hole in it, fill with
gunpowder, and plug up. Put it on a
hot fire, and in a few moments you will
find your ginger pop.
Sponge ('ake.—Avery light cake may
be made by enclosing a sponge in a thick
coating of dough. It requires no salting,
but may be sweetened to the taste.
Raspberry Jam.—Put sixty four rasp
berries into a goose-quill; and your jam
Alphabetical Transcendenlalism. —
As ieauties culminate during every/ayor
able garniture, Aowever
kingdoms legislate, man never obliterates
partially questions rising summarily to
wards unusual varieties if ithout verotical
Not to be sneezed at —-The speaker of
the Massachusetts House of Representa
tives has decided that it is altogether out
of order to “ sneeze or cough down a
member.’’ The kind Os coughing and
sneezing is without question, disorderly,
and what is disorderly is out of order.—
This decision is very important, partic
ularly to unpopular speakers; because it
shows that their efforts, however unsuc
cessful, are not to be sneezed at.
Singular Phenomenon. —All at
once, on Wednesday afternoon last, a
well on flie premises of Mr. Jacob Ste
venson Lyme, in this county,commenced
overflowiig, and still continues with un
diminishei force. It is estimated that
the discharge is at least sixty hogsheads
per minute ! The water fs Cold and ve
ry clear We learn that the well has
been dug »nd used for inafiy years. To
enable ourselves to judge something of
the projectile' force of the Water, it is said
that good sized stones thrown into the
well are quickly ejected. The redun
dancy of water, overflowing the adjoining
land, is doing much damage to the lands
in the vicinity. —Noncalk (Ohio)Expos
itor, 3d July.
Coffee Electricity —Although it
is not quite new, it is not generally known
that a man may be literally and truly elec
trified with newly ground coffee. The
manner of doing so was exhibited to the
writer of this a few days ago, at a shop
in Newton. A largecoffee mill driven by
a steam engine, was grinding coffee into i
huge barrel—in a barrel stood a copper
scoop, direcily under the fall of the fresh
ground coffee. An iron rod being held
within an inch or so of the copper scoop
an instantaneous flash of lightning, or
stream of electric fluid, was attracted by
the iron. 'Pile same result followed
when the finger was employed instead
of the rod, and a slight shock, like the
puncture of a pin, was quite perceptible
By a rude contrivance, a shock was also
communicated from the ground coffee to
the tail of a cat, when off scampered the
bewildered animal in a state of the most
earnest astonishment. Altogether the
matter is curious and not beneath the at
tention of the philosopher. Can there be
electricity in flour, oatmeal, or snuff ?
These are exposed to friction as well as
coffee ; end a test which proves the one
to be genuine, or the reverse may be use
ful with regard to the other two.
Valuable and Heavy Consignment.
—A merchant in Booneville, Mo., writes
to a friend as follows :
I have shipped to your address nearly
all the Missouri bottoms, fields, crops,
gardens, houses, stores, warehouses,
poods iVirnitnrp fences, cattle, sheeD.
hogs, and almost every surplus article of
value. I make yon this valuable ship
ment without requiring an advance, and
and desire you to sell “to arrive” or
“ afloat, ” and forward me sales and pro
ceeds. with as little delay as possible-
A pioneer gone. —The Cincinnati
Gazette says:—“ The early settlers are
fast passing away! Joseph Williams,
brother to the late Ellmore Williams,
died on his farm, aged 84, on Sunday.—
He laid the first brick in Cincinatti! For
the last thirty six years he has resided on
his farm, in Mill creek, where he died, as
he had lived,at peace with man and God.”
Nine hundred and eleven 1 Young
Hickory Clubs’ have been formed in
Pennsylvania, and seven hundred and
thirteen in Ohio, since the nomination of
Polk and Dallas.
‘ Beautiful young Indies’ are making
whig speeches in new York state.
Beautiful democratic young ladies are
spinning and weaving, knitting and sew
ing, making butter and cheese, and atten
ding to their own business generally,
while the matrons are nursing the ‘little
ones here in the ‘Suckerstate.’ —(Spring-
field ( III.) Times.
‘Young Hickory’ is so true in heart
and smooth in bark that the coons can
neither know nor clinch him; and all
they can do is to sit tinder the wide
spreading branches of his fresh and grow
ing popularity, and grin With all their ug
What say you 7--Shall British do
minion and influence extend over Texas
and Oregon, or shall it not? what say
you 7 This is one of the questions to be
decided by the election of Henry Clay or
James K. Polk t ’hoose ye, then, luifore
it is too late. Choose between your coun
try and England—between republican
ism and aristocracy. 'Fake the ‘ second
sober thought,’ and then decide. Amer
ica or England, which T—Neic York
“ Manners make the man” says Count
D’Orsay. “I never judge from man
ners” says Lord Byron, “ for I once had
mv pockets picked by the civilist gentle
man I ever met with ; and one Os the mil
dest persons I ever saw was All Pacha”
Mr. McDuffie’s health. —We re
gret to learn from a publication in the
Edgefield Advertiser, that the health of
Mr. McDuffie is such, that his Physicians
have enjoined him to be quiet arid tran
quil, and to aVoid all exertion and excite
ment. In consequence of this announce
ment, the Barbecue contemplated to take
place in Edgefield district on Saturday
last, has been postponed to a day hereaf
ter to be named
KEADt READD HEAD I It
IMPORTANT LETTER ON THE TF.XAS
CAUESTION BY A DISTINGUISHED
copy from the Palladium, an in
fluential whig print published at New
Haven, Conn., the following letter from
Mr. Burchard, a prominent abolitionist of
Hamilton county New York. It would
be doing injustice to Mr. Clay, and to
our humble self, to say that we believe
him to be an abolitionist, but we do say,
and believe, that if Texas is rejected, that
the smith is delivered over, bound hand
and foot to these blood thirsty fanatics.—
This letter proves H. Mr. Clay is com
mitted against the annexation forever.
We ask a candid perusal for this letter
front' Whrgs and democrats. The very
same reasons that induce the abolitionists
to oppose the admission ol Texas, should
make the south support it as o’ne man :
Gentlemen :—1 send you the enclosed
letter of Mr. Burchard to abolitionists,
with the request, that if it seemeth good
in your eyes, it may be printed in the
Palladium. Reasons such ns it contains,
have already influenced mid determined
me to vole for Henry Clay, aud it is jios
sible that they may have the same effect
upon others if spread abroad before the
eyes of the community at large.
New Haven, July 15,1844. K.
From the Hamilton New York Mitiboy, July 2.
ABOLITIONISTS OF MADISON COUNTY I
We copy the following able and con
vincing letter of Mr. Charles Burchard,
from the last number of the Hamilton
Palladium, and recommend it to the can
did perusal of all anti-slavery men. Mr.
B. is known to the people of this county,
as a highly intelligent and honest man,
and his letter deserves a careful consider
ation. We understand that Mr. Gcrrit
Smith, in his speech in this town last
Sunday, pronounced it the ablest argu
ment that he had ever seen oh that side
of the question. We fully concur in this
opinion. But we will not keep the read
er from the letter; here it is ; Read it!
HAMILTON, June 26, 1844.
Messrs. Editors .-—Having, after ma
ture reflection, arrived at th* conclusion
that it is my duty to cast my vote for
Henry Clay at the next Presidential elec
tion, I deem it due to the friends with
whom I have acted in the Liberty party,
and who have been pleased to honor me
with a public mark of their confidence,
frankly to state the reasons which have
brought ine to this conclusion. It is un
necessary to premise that the contest lies
wholly between Mr. Clay and Mr. Polk.
None are so sanguine as to expect that
Mr. Birney will carry a single state, or
even that he can concentrate the present
strength of the Liberty party. Henry
Clay or James K. Polk will be next
President of these United States. This
is morally certain. What then is the
great issue to be decided by the contest 7
To my mind it is clearly and indubita
bly this : Whether Texas as she is,
with tier slavery and her debts, is to be
immediately annexed to this Union, or
not ? In other words, whether slavery
in this country is to be placed, humanly
speaking, hopelessly beyond the reach of
anti-slavery efforts, and forever or inde
finitely perpetuated, or to be left as it is,
exposed to the opposing influences which
are now so actively and powerfully at
work in hastening its overthrow. I say,
this, to my mind, is the great issue —
There are other issues which are in them
selves important to the best interests of
the country, vizi Whether the tariff or
anti-tariff |olicy is to prevail—whether
we are to have a sound and uniform or
an uncertain and fluctuating currency,
dec. but they all, in my humble opinion,
sink into insignificance compared with
the Texas question. That I do not
mistake or over rate the issue, I am con
vinced from a serious consideration of
the declared opinions of the opposing
candidates and the special reason of Mr.
Mr Polk has declared himself unequi
vocally and unconditionally for irti
mediate annexation. He is understood
to have cordially approved of the Tyler
and Calhoun Treuty, the disgrace of our
country, and the scoru of the world; No
one who has considered the history of
the late Democratic nominating conven
tion, can for a moment doubt that its de
cision turned upon this very question of
immediate annexauon. No candid man
of that party will deny this. The south
ern democrats made this a test question.
They were resolved to have no man who
did not go for immediate annexation.—
Mr. Van duren’s adverse letter (the ablest
and best document which ever came from
his pen) sealed his door. The northern
democrats strangely yielded, and yielded
on this very ground. It is asserted, and
not denied, that they held a consultation
as to their acquiescence in Polk’s nomi
nation, and in view of an anticipated pop
ularity of the annexation scheme, which
ttiight carry him in; notwithstanding the
contemptible feebleness of his personal
claims, they sacrificed their veteran and
cherished favorite Upon the altar of Tex
as, war and perpetual slavery I Mr Polk
VOL. ll—-NO 13.
b the candidate emphatically of the im
mediate and unconditional annexation
ists ; and if elected by the people of these
United States, ho would regard the re
sult as an endorsement of his avowed
opinions on this subject and one of the
first acts of his administration would
be a determined movement to consum
mate this most nefarious which
would inevitably involve us in war with
Mexico , and perhaps with England,
and place, as I have already said, the
institution of slavery >n a position to
defy the efforts of its enemies to over
throw it for generations ta come.
What now is the position of Henry
Clay on this question 7 His noble and
statesman-like letter leave ns in no doubt.
That lettler, however it may have been
received in the south, is regarded as en
tirety satisfactory to the North. The
strongest abolitionists can find no fault
with it. I confess, my friends, when I
read that letter, so decided, clear, able
and satisfactory, breathing such a spirit
of lofty and disinterested patriotism, gen
erously and impartially regarding the best
interests of every section of our country,
I must say I consider it a mantle largo
enough to cover a multitude of sins.—
Whatever faults belong to Henry Clay,
open hearted honesty has not been de
nied him by his bitterest enemies, who
knew him or had any honesty themselves.
I do not therefore have any fears of Mr.
Clay on the Texas question. The noble
sentiments of his letter will govern him
in this matter, and that villainous scheme
of the advocates of perpetual slavery, and
swindling speculators and land script
owners, to hang around the neck of this
nation, the slaveholding, insolvent, Bo
tany Bay of the American Continent, can
find no favor while he stands at the helm
of this Government. Here, then, I re
peat is the issue before the American
people : Polk, Texas, War and per
petual slavery, or Henry Clay, no Tex
as, no War, and slavery (at the worst)
left as it is.
However others may feel, I confess ns
an honest abolitionist, and a sincere lov
er of his country, and an ardent friend to
the union of these states, I cannot hesi
tate as to my duty at the next election.
I dare not, by any act of mine, multiply
the chances of Polk’s election, and the
consequent catastrophe of annexation
and war. To throw my vote for Mr.
Birney, would, in my candid opinion,
under existing circumstances, be doing
thb : and I feel unwilling to share in the
responsibility of such a disastrous result.
This, then, is my position.
But Mr. Clay is a slaveholder, and
how, it is said, can a true abolitionist con
sistently vote for him 7 I have well con
sidered this objection, and am convin
ced that it is not valid in the present at
titude of political affairs. That Mr. Clay
holds slaves is a thing which I sincerely
lament. It constitutes a strong personal
objection to the man. But Ido not vote
for the man merely, when I exercise my
elective franchise. I look at the issue—
at the great principles iuvolved in the
contest, and when, as in the present case,
I believe that a slaveholder will do anti
slavery work, or rather, that he will pre
vent the consummniion of a great pro
slavery scheme, while his opponent is
committed to its determined prosecution,
1 act in the strictest consistency with my
anti-slavery principles in giving him my
vote for that special reason. As an aboli
tionist, I feel bound to make every act of
my life tell in opposition to the foul sys
tem of American slavery. lam no theo
rist, but a plain man, accustomed to look
at things in a practical light. A man is
not to be held as endorsing all the opin
ions and practices of a man for whom he
votes. He must decide in view of the
circumstances how he can do the most
good by his vote. I have tried to act up
on the principle to do all the good, and
prevent all the evil I could in this world,
and shall continue to do so while I live
in it. This principle lam bound to car
ry to the polls as Well as every where
else. If slavery or anti-slavery was to b*
the direct predominant, and absorbing is
sue in the political contest, the success
of one candidate being the overthrow,
and of the other, the consolidation of the
system, then indeed it would be grossly
and shamefully inconsistent for a profes
sed abolitionists, for any reason, to vote
for the pro-slavery candidate. But when
the existence and non-existertce of slave
ry is not the direct issue, but another
question which has a most important
bearing upon the prospective destiny of
this institution in our country, then the
consistent abolitionist must make his elec
tion in view ol the real issue, and contribute
to the succes of that candidate who will
make the most favorable disposition of the
great question. Ido no more endorse, or
in the least countenance, Mr. Clay’s slave
holding when I vote for him, for the rea
sons above stated, than I should endorse
or countenance Mr Birney’s or Mr.
Smith’s sentiments and practices, on the
subject of religion* by voting for them be
cause they are abolitionists. But am I
acting out the reprobated doctrine of
choosing the least of two evils, and not
on the safe principle of choosing neith
er 1 1 think not. I choose a positive
good in this case; and more, I choose the
greates* possible good within my reach.