The federal union. (Milledgeville, Ga.) 1830-1861



The federal union.

Place of Publication:

Milledgeville, Ga.

Geographic coverage:

  • Milledgeville, Baldwin county


John G. Polhill

Dates of publication:



  • Vol. 1, no. 1 (July 10, 1830)-v. 31, no. 35 (Jan. 22, 1861).




  • English


  • Baldwin County (Ga.)--Newspapers.
  • Georgia--Baldwin County.--fast--(OCoLC)fst01212301
  • Georgia--Milledgeville.--fast--(OCoLC)fst01226246
  • Milledgeville (Ga.)--Newspapers.


  • Also on microfilm: Athens, Ga. : University of Georgia Libraries.
  • Issues for July 21, 1831-May 23, 1837 called also whole no. 54-360.
  • Publisher varies: J.G. Polhill & J.A. Cuthbert, -Dec. 25, 1832; J.A. Cuthbert & Wilkins Hunt, Jan. 1, 1833-Apr. 21, 1835; John A. Cuthbert, Apr. 28, 1835-Apr. 11, 1837; John G. Park & William S. Rodgers, Apr. 18, 1837-Aug. 5, 1845; D.C. Campbell & Thos. M. Griffin, Aug. 19, 1845-June 6, 1846; Campbell & Armstrong, June 16, 1846-July 27, 1847; D.C. Campbell, Aug. 3, 1847- Aug. 5, 1851; S.N. Boughton, Jos. H. Nisbet & Barnes, Aug. 21, 1851-





The federal union. July 10, 1830


In response to the strongly Troup and Whig-oriented Southern Recorder, Tomlinson Fort, a prominent Milledgeville physician and future mayor of the city, established the Federal Union in 1830. The paper's political leanings viewed unionism over state's rights and would support the Clark Faction and Democratic Party. Competition between the papers was fierce, even to the point of physical confrontation between the editors. By the late 1850s, Milledgeville's newspapers supported the idea of state's rights, but stopped short of calls for secession. Once Georgia and the rest of the South seceded, however, the papers aligned themselves firmly behind the Confederacy. The Federal Union, in January of 1861, removed the American flag from its banner and changed its name to the Southern Federal Union, and would in the following year change its name again to the Confederate Union, a name that would only last until the end of the war. The war forced a shortage of both funds and material for the Federal Union and Southern Recorder. The problem became so significant by 1864, both newspapers were forced to reduce their weekly issues from four pages to two. In November of that year, General William T. Sherman and his forces marched through Milledgeville, forcing the Federal Union to hide its equipment in the forest to prevent its destruction. In 1872, A. J. Orme sold the Southern Recorder to the Federal Union which resulted in their merger and the creation of the Union and Recorder.