“3KTO PROSCRIPTION- FOR OPINION’S SAKE--“BUT RE SURE YOU ARE RIQHT, THEN C3K3 AHEAID-”
SE\V LN G MACH IN E,
T-S TUB ot.ly one that, sews both Coarse and Fine
•_ Work in a superior manner, and, at the same
time, is simple and durable. Tucks, Gathers,
Hem's and Stitches in Cord without Basting
mikes the Back Stitch on both sides—is elastic
and cannot be raveled. Runs at high speed. For
sale by A. LEYDEN, Genera! Agent,
rice. 3, ’SB-17 ly—n.tr. Atlanta, Ga.
NIXU MILKS WEST OF NEWMAN.
HAVING lately procured new clothing for our
Carding Machines, we arc now prepared to
card Wool with the greatest possible despatch.—
Wool must be delivered at the Factory and tolls
paid there, in order to prevent the recurrence of
the many mistakes in receiving and delivering
iicnitotore in town.
Tlic Flouring Jlill
is also in excellent order to give general satisfac
tion to all our customers. Anew Bolting Cloth
has beeu prepared this season.
Our Saw Tlill,
too, stands ready to till the bills of all cash paying
customers with Lumber of whatever description
tiuv may order. JXO. T. DENT & CO.
Jiliy 30 1858 51-ts.
the states and union.
The Cheapest Paper in the South.
ONLY ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM.
THE WEEKLY EIHTIOJT.
On the first day of October next, we will com
inenc* the publication of our paper, on new,
Liiiut, and LKUiuu: type, under the title of
THE STATES AND UNION
“ liik Union” is a name that is endeared to the
editor of -Till! States by many agreeable recollce
tious. lie brought it with him to Washington
from Nashville, where it was the title of the home
organ of General Jackson and Mr. Polk, (with
which lie was editorially associated,) and mainly
adopted, at his instance, by the lamented Mr.
Ritchie, the then Nestor of the American press,
as an appropriate name lor tiie Democratic jour
nal w.ilch they jointly established, and the first
numb.-r of wnieh was issued on Jeliersou’s birth
dav in lSt.5. It is a name that was beloved by
such sterling patriots and Democrats as General
Jackson, Janes lv. Polk, Mr. Ritchie. General
Armstrong, and their contemporaries, and a name
graven on the hearts of the Democratic party.
When tiie journal which it represented found
that its interests would be benefited by casting
it aside and substituting another, we then reso.ved
that, as it iiad been thus repudiated, we would
take it up, and place it at the head of our own
columns, as soon as a suitable period arrived,
Tue States ami Union will be conducted with
an exclusive regard to the principles of the State-
Rights Democracy, will be independent of tac
tions, and unbiased b> partial interests. We may
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Union during the time we were connected with
it, have voluntarily promised to write tor I'iie
States and Union, in beiialt of the cause in which
we are enlisted, as they did ill by gone years.
It will he furnished to subscribers at the low
ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR.
This is hut barely remunerative; but we have
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ing editorials which appear ill the daily editions,
as well as a large amount of general il'tellig-'iiee,
embracing much valuable information relating tu
the ei fair* of government, and matters of interest
appertaining to Literature, Agriculture and Com
■tierce. It will also contain all
THE GOVERNMENT ADVERTISEMENTS
and official notices.
The events which will transpire during the
next twelve no nth* will make a paper published
at the seat of government of more than ordinary
The States and Union, during tills period,
will contain a perfect history of the proceedings
which will, perhaps, he of more inte est to the
nation than any previous Congress which las as
semhled at Washington since the formation of the
It will embrace the whole political canvass
up to the day on which the election takes place;
in fact, it may be regarded os the
and the cheapest paper of the kind ever issued.
We see no reason why its circulation should not
lie extended to fifty thoußbd ill a few months.
Tiie indications are favorable to such a result from
the substantial manifestations which we receive
dav by day in the large number of subscribers.
A remittance may be made for a single copy by
carefullv wrapping up a GOLD DOLLAR ami
enclosing it. in an envelope.
POSTMASTERS AND OTHERS who will take
the trouble of getting us up n club of ten mi A
jeribers. at the rate of one dollar i-eii yeaii for I
each subsriber, will bo furnished with a copy of
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J'ayincnts in all cases required in advance.
Current money in the different /States received in
payment for subscriptions.
All letters . .oulu he addressed to
JOHN P. lIEISS,
Washington, D. C.
The Bails and Semi-Weekly Editions.
Tuk States and Union will he iiiiieli KNi.ABr.ED,
and issued twice each day, comprising a morning
and evening edition, at the following rate :
One copy per year $6 00
Two copies per year 10 00
One copy per year 3 00
The Semi-Weekly States contains all the read
ing matter of the Daily, including News, Markets,
Congressional Proceedings an,
Our country exchanges, by inserting the above
until Nov. Ist, (including Ibis notice.) will receive
the Daily edition of the States and Union until
the close of the next session of Congress.
Other journals who do not exchange with us,
by publishing the above uutill November, will ho
furnished with the Daily States and Union during
the enlll t’ session of the next Congress,
The Southern Literary Companion,
Literature, the Arts and Sciences, Agricul
ture, Holliculture, Hygiene, dc.
The subscriber proposes to publish a weekly
paper with the title above given, in the city of
Newnan, Coweta county, Ga. Though, like Mil*
ton, lie has been himself deprived of all enjoy
ment of the blessed light., mid by reason of his
blindness will he in a great degree dependant on
others, vet he has the promise of such aid as he
will need. Sonic of the very best writers in all
the South will he contributors to this Journal.
It is designed to equal in literary merit the best
Northern Journals, while, by its adaptation to the
South and Southern institutions, it will far surpass
them in utility. Why should the people of our
sunny home he longer dependant on Northern
men or Northern presses for our newspaper litera
ture if Why should Southern men continue to
contribute their means to build up interests, which
if not openly at war with our peculiar institutions,
are yet without any sympathy with us or any un
derstanding of our condition or necessities? Let >
us have a home literature. Why can we not? Is j
there no literary talent in the South? Is there
no literary taste? Is there no capacity to print :
and to publish? It must he admitted that the j
North took the lead in enterprises of this kind;
but is this any good reason why we should never
establish any of our own ?
We intend to make our Journal not merely an
attractive but a useful paper. Hence we shall
give our readers not only some of the choicest ;
Literature of the age, hut the best essays on mat
ters connected with Southern Agriculture and
Gardening. To these subjects, indeed, we design
to give particular attention, so that our weekly
visits will meet with an especial welcome from
the Planter and his household.
We have, while yet quite young, been deprived
of our sight, and forced to abandon the profession
of Law, in which we were engaged, and turn our’
attention to something else in order t hut we might
earn a competency for ourself and family and
educate our children. After much deliberation
we have determined upon the enterprise, believing
that, with the assistance of our wife and those
who have kindly consented to become contribu
tors, we can present the public with a Journal
worthy of their patronage.
As our means are quite limited, we are necessi
tated to ask for subscriptions in advance, to enable
us to begin tlie publication of the Journal; hut
we here give to each and all our guarantee that,
should we fail to begin the issuance of the paper
i by the Ist of January, 1860, or soon thereafter,
j we will return to them the money which they
I have paid.
The subscription price has been placed at the
low sum of s.i per eopv, invariably in advance.
Will not t'*e People and Press of the South aid
us in this laudable enterprise?
All communications should be addressed to
the subscriber at Newuan, Ga.
September, 18511. I. N. DAVIS, Sr.
in mis. .i. and. novo,
June 24, ’59-45-ly.
RV E. it. SASSEE.V,
(successor to j. j. tiiiiasiier.)
It. SASSEKX, former proprietor of “Sas
li • seen House,”at Dalton, Ga.; also, “Supper
House,” at Calhoun, Ga.—Old friends, take notice
hereof, and govern yourselves accordingly.
June 24, ’59-45-1 y.
X EWXAN G EORGI A.
M TIIK subscriber having taken charge of
this house, is now prepared to accommo
date hoarders and transient customers in
the best manner and on the most reasonable terms.
The house has been thoroughly repaired and sup
plied with new furniture throughout. The house
is large, rooms comfortable, furniture new, and lie
pledges himself that his Hotel shall not he sur
passed by any in the interior of the State, either
in the manner in which his table shall be furnished
or the moderation of his charges.
SANDERS W. LEE.
a CARROLL HOUSE,
Carrol lion. Georgia. j jjjJgJ
r |'MlE subscriber takes this method of informing
1_ the traveling community, and others who
may call on him, that he is prepared for the ac
commodation of both man and horse, lie pledges
himself to furnish his uistomers with as good fare
ns the country affords, lie also has an experienced
and attentive ostler, and none will have cause to
complain in that line, as said hoy is experienced
His House is situated on the East side of the
Public Square, and well known as the House for
merly kept by John Long. The Carroll House
is kept expressly for the accommodation of trav
elers and transient custom.
The traveling community and others r ced not
look elsewhere for good fare and low prices, but
stop with THOMAS F. WELLS.
Carrollton, Ga., Nov. 26, *SB-16-ly.
BEAUTIFUL HOUSE AND LOT
FOR SALE IN NEWNAN.
DWELLING with n proniamide of 120 feet, 2
rooms 20 x 20 feet square, o rooms 18x18,
3 rooms 12 x 14, 1 room 12 x l(i; Pastry and l’nu
try room*; Extra Kitehen, Smoke House and Ne
gro House—lee House Dairy, Wash Room and
Furnace, Ironing Room; 800 feet Picket Fencing,
Carriage House, Buggy Shed. Harness Room, large
framed Horse Stallies,"Cow Stables and Barn, and
Rat-Proof Crib—framed 10x20 feet—good lots,
made rich. Rye and Barley Pastures, and 101 l
choice young Fruit. Trees, from the best Nurseries
in Georgia. Apples, Peaches, Cherries, Quinces, |
Plumbs, Mogul, Damson and Blue—with other I
varieties, most of which trees are bearing. Ex- j
celleut Garden, Ac., Ac. Price, payable 25th j
Dec., 1859, $2,500. Possession given immediately j
if desired. Apply to
D. F. HAMMOND,
or in his absence to Mnj. 11U. BREWSTER.
February 11—20—1 f.
HEAVY Shirtings, Drillings, Lindseys and
Kerseys, besides other Plantation Goods,
which will all be sold at unusual low prices. I
hope that Planters will give me n call, ami 1 will
give them satisfaction, £23 6.] //. HA AS,
NEWNAN, GA., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 18-59.
THE INDEPENDENT BLADE,
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING
T_ “W. BOXiTOIST,
EDITOR A PROPRIETOR
For one year, if paid in advance, $2 00
“ “ “ if not paid in advance, 250
For six months, if paid in advance, 1 00
44 44 4 4 if not paid in advance,..... 125
No paper will he discontinued until all arreaia
ge.s are paid, unless at the option of the proprietor.
Tiie Law of Newspapers.
1. Subscribers who do not give express notice
to the contrary, are considered us wishing to con
tinue their subscription.
2. If subscribers order the discontinuance of
their newspapers, the publisher may continue to
send them until all arrearages are paid.
3. If subscribers neglect or refuse to take their
newspapers from the offices to which they are di
rected, they are held responsible until they have
! settled the hills and ordered theirs discontinued.
4. If Subscribers remove to other places with
out informing the publishers, and the newspapers
are sent to the former direction, they are held res
5. The Courts have decided that refusing to take
newspapers from the office, or removing and leav
ing them uncalled for, is prime facie evidence of
6. The United States Courts have also repeat
| edly decided, that a Postmaster who neglects so
I perform his duty of giving reasonable notice, us
required by the Post Office Department, of the
; neglect of a person to take from the office newspa
| persaddressed to him, renders the Postmaster lia- ,
bletothe publisher for the subscription price.
Senator Irerson’s Letter.
Carrollton. Ga., July 27tit, 1859.
llo.x. A.lferd Iverson : —Dear Sir :—At
a recent meeting of the Democracy of this j
county, the undersigned were appointed a i
Committee, to invite you to select a day on !
which you can address your fellow citizens j
of Carroll, on the political topics of the day. j
Please do not consider tins a formal inviffi- .
I lion, but one from the hearts of -the people. !
j No where in Georgia have you stronger !
1 friends than in this county, and voters of ali
J parties will stand by you in the battle you ;
are fighting for Southern Rights.
Give us sufficient time in which to make
preparation necessary for your reception.
Please believe us, very respectfully,
Your obdieut serv'ts,
Henry F. Merkell,
Jesse C. Woottex,
A. J. Howe,
A. T. Burke.
W. F. Johnson.
Columbus, Sept. sth, 1559.
Gentlemen : I had the honor to receive,
whilst on a late visit to Washington City,
your letter of the 271 h July, inviting me,
in behalf of the people of Carroll county,
to address them at a time to be selected by ;
j myself, “ upon the political topics of the
j day.” My absence from home and other
| pressing engagements, have prevented a re
ply until now. This invitation and the cor- j
dial manner in which it has been presented ;
h}’ you, are entitled to my gratitude and
thanks, and I assure you, gentlemen, that
both are felt by me with deep and unfeigned
emotion. I regret to say, however, that I
cannot, at least at the present time, accept
this flattering testimonial of the favor and
kindness of my feilow-eit’zens of Carroll. —
Other engagements will keep me ai home
for several weeks, and would prevent ttte
from visiting you for the purpose indicated
before the October election, after which less
interest would be felt, and less good accotn
plished perhaps, by any remarks which I
might make on such an oecrtsoin. There is j
another reason why I decline your invitation
at this time. It is known that I atn a can
didate for re-election to the Senate—repeat
ed public addresses, even in response to in
vitations such as yours, would have the
appearance, and be construed as a public
canvass for the distinguished office for which
I ant a candidate. lam opposed so canvass- j
ittg for such an office —my opinion always 1
has been, that high public offices should he j
cons rred alone for talents, sound political
principles, and eminent public services. The
| merits and claims of the candidate should j
rest upon his public character, which ought
to be as well known to his constituents by
his public life as lie could possibly make
them known by personal appeals or popular
harrangues. I am not willing therefore :
either to canvass for the office of Senator,
or to do anything which might he construed
into such a course. I accepted, it is true, the
invitation of my fellow-citizens of Spalding
county to a public dinner on a late occasion,
and made them an address, agreeably to
their request, “ upon the political condition
of the Union.” This invitation was, how
ever, given and accepted before mv determi- j
nation was formed of standing again tor the
Senate, and having accepted it, I felt con- ]’
strained to comply with the obligation. It I
did not, therefore, conflict with the rule, ( ]
which I think ought to be observed in such
cases, and which I have prescribed for ray. ] 1
self, and I trust it will not commit me to its |
violation in the future. It is true there are (
many interesting subjects connected with j
the “ political topics of the day,” upon i *
which I should he pleased to speak to you, j 1
and to tho people of Georgia, and occasion j 1
may arise when I shall feel it my duty, as ! 1
well as pleasure, to do so. It cannot be ve- !
rv important, however, for me to do so at
present. The speech which I delivered at *
Griffin, ou the 14tb of July last, contained t
my opinions and views, well considered, on 1
some of those subjects. That speech has
been extensively published and circulated
amongst my constituents. I should be pleas- i
ed if it could be read by every tnar. in Geor- j
gia, for I am willing, as a public man and
Senator, to stand or fall, upon what I then
and there said. I wear no mask, and have j
nothing to conceal or disguise, I wish the
people of Georgia to know my opin’ons up
on every subject affectiug their national in- :
terests, which, in part they have entrusted
to my hands. I wish them to judge me, and
to approve or condemn me, upon ibe sound :
ness of those opinions, and the fidelity with !
-which tbev are enforced.
, The great object of my Griffin speech,
were to warn the Southern people of the ;
■ steadily approaching danger to thesafetv of;
■ tlieir constitutional rights, and that “pecu-j
; liar Institution,” which is of such vast im- ’
. portative to them, and to unite them in a :
i | common and determined resistance to North- j
- ern aggression, and in failure of such sue-j
! cessfttl resistance, in the Union, to prepare
’! for its safety and preservation out ,of the \
’ Union. I trust, gentlemen, that 1 mav be
pardoned for repeating here, what I express
ed there, that whatever others mav sav or
’ i think of the present security of that “In
, stitution,” in tiie Union, lam clearly of the
opinion that it never was in greater danger. ‘
■ , It is an evident and undeniable lact, that the
| Black Republican or Abolition party of the
Free States is seeking its overthrow and j
destruction. If that party succeeds in ob- i
tabling possession and control of the Fed- i
eral Government, it must and will be upon :
its avowed hostility to Southern slavery, and i
j its settled determination to circumscribe its
! area—diminish its power—limit its numbers,
j and finally to eradicate it altogether. If:
I these are not the gieat objects, and final]
I end and aim of the anti-slavery agitation at !
the North, what are they ! No sensible and ;
j impartial man can come to any other con- I
j elusion. If that party shall ever succeed in j
I obtaining the possession and control of tlie i
Government, will it stay its band ? Will it I
i stop short in the midst of triumph and lav :
I down the arms with which it has conquer-:
ted, and which alone can maintain its power? j
No sane man can believe it. To keep its i
tanks unbroken it must agitate still further
i —to preserve its power it must continue to i
stir up the waters of bitterness against ]
‘i slavery and the South —one step made—one !
j point gained must lead to another, and an- ]
other, until the final one is taken of univer-1
j sal emancipation. This is the natural and i
necessary process through which that party j
will be lead to its final success and to our !
ruin. How is that process to he checked ’ !
llow is that ruthless march of abolition
plirensy to be stayed ? It can only be done
] i.v a united and determined South —by a 1
firm and hold resolve to drive back this ;
Northern avalattch even at the hazard of the , !
Union. The South must make up its mind
j to dissolve the Union whenever the North ,
j makt-s an unequivocal demonstration of its
’ hostility to Southern slavery, and manifests
! a determination to destroy it. Such a res
’ olution, deliberately formed and distinctly
enunciated, may save the Union. If the
Not them people could be made to believe
I that the election of W. 11. Seward, or any
other man to the Presidency, upon a sec
tional anti slavery issue, would produce a
dissolution of the Union, he would not
probably obtain a majority in a single free
State —his defeat would be certain, if not
overwhelming. Our safety in the Union ;
lies in our own moral strength—the strength >
j of united op'nion and united resolve to stand
|bv our “ Institution ”at all hazards. The
only bulwark against the progressive ag
gression of tiie Northern abolitionists, aside
from Southern resistance, has heretofore j
been the Northern Democracy; and whilst;
that party maintained its principles and its
ascendency in the Northern States, our j
; rights were, in the main, supported and por- j
1 tected. A majority of Northern Democrats
in Congress, have for many years voted
; with the Southern members upon all ques- j
tion affecting the “ Institution “ of slavery
] and the lights of Southern States, all honor j
!to their justice, consistency and courage.— I
If that parly had received the justice and j
proper sympathy and support of the whole ]
! South, it might have maintained its sound- \
] ness and supremacy —but wliat is the condi-,
j tion of the Democtatic party of the North
!at this day 3 It has lost its majority in ;
nearly every free State of the Union. Even i
Mr. Buchanan did not carry a majority in j
anv of them except tho small State of Cali
] forma on the Pacific. He carried the States :
of New Jersv, Pennsylvania, Illinois and In-
diana, only by plurality votes, and was thus
elected. No man can doubt that if Mr. Fill-,
more had been out of tho way, the Republi
can candidates would have succeeded in ail
the free States eat of the Hockv Mountains, S
and would have been elected—and the elec ]
tions since ISSG have exhibited the Demo
cratic party in those States growing still j
weaker iu numbers, and less sound in prin
ciple. In the late elections for members of
Congress it succeeded only in Illinois in
electing a majority of the delegation, and
there only by the skill of its teeth, and
upon the personal popularity, superhuman
efforts, and rotten “squatter sovereignty”
doctrine and policy of Judge Douglas.—
Every Democrat elected in that State was
opposed to the admission of Kansas under
the Lecompton Constitution, and i* the
i t ss
avowed advocate of “ squatter sovereignty ”
in its most obnoxiouscJbrm. Nor .can we
shut our eyes to the deplorable fact, that
the numerical strength of the Democratic
party in the free Stales, a ma
jority or minority, rC9s4iponthe “squatter
sovereignty ” doctrine es Judge Douglas.-
No candidate who would take any other
ground could carry a corporals’ guard In any
election in any of these States, and yet I
have been denounced for having expressed
the opinion, in nty Griffin speech, that we
cannot rely at the present day upon the
Northern Democracy for the maintenance of
! our Constitutional rights in the Territories j
.of the- United States. What are o* rights?!
The right to move into and settle upon the
common Territory—the right to take with
; us all and every species of propetty which
j we own, and which is-recognised as proper
ty by the Constitution of the United States,
’ and by the Constition and laws of the State
from which we remove—the right to be
I protected in the peaceful enjoyment of that 1
1 proberty by lair, during the existence of the
’ Territorial Government—the right to have
that property protected by the Federal Gov
ernment, the Trustee of the common soil,
and possessing the sole jurisdiction over the
Territories. These are rights which lam
yet to hear the first Southern man success.
; fully controvert or deny. Now, does any
man, looking at the present condition of
public sentiment*at the North, believe that
the Democratic party of the Northern
States, as a party, is prepared to <rec.ognize
j these rights and enforce them Ey Congres
! sionai legislation \ The Northern man who
would so vote in Congress would be de
nounced ail over the Northern States, and
probably burnt in effigy. It is in vain; gen
tlemen. and wrong for the Southern people
to blink the question, and shut their eyes to
i the naked truth. We can only secure the -
co operation of the Northern Democracy,
as a party, by surrendering those rights and !
adopting the Northern construction of the
i Kansas Bill anj the Cincinnati Platform. —
That construction is, that Congress has no
power or right, to pass taws for tbe.reguia
! tion or protection of slave property in the
Territories—that the people of tbe . errilo
ries from the very beginning of the Terri
torial Governments, and throughout their
] continuance, have the right, Atnd shall be
allowed to establish or reject, slavery as
; they choose—that tbeynir.y discard, shut it
out, or abolish it by unfriendly legislation,
by positive enactment, or by refusing to
give it the protection of law. The recent
1 manifesto of Judge Douglas goes even latb
-1 er, and asserts that the first sqoa'ters upon
Territorial soil, if in sufficent numbers to
form a political community, hare the sove
reign right, wubout any authority from i
Congress, to establish government andaboi- i
ish or exclude slavery at pleasure, and- that <
neither Congress, the Supreme Court, or >
any other tribunal, has the power to over- i
rule their action. He claims in broad and ’
round terms, for the people of the Territo- i
t ies, the same sovereign power* which apper- f
tain to the States under the Constitution.— i
If the majority of the Southern people are 7
willing to act with the Northern Dmddtacy 1
upon this basis, we may keep np a national
organization, which pos*}hly mjgb*
in controlling the Federal Government. ¥ t
do not myself, however, believe that a party,
so: nied even upon this bast*, could carry a
sufficient number of the free States to con
trol the Federal power, even with every
Southern State acting wkh it; such is, iff
my judgment and opinion, the decided pre
ponderance of the abolition party at the
North. The question Ihen is presented,
and we cannot escape it, shall the Southern
people, and especially tlfo Southern Democ
racy. surrender the right of Congressional l
tl.e doctrine of “
sovereignty,” as defined and olajmß by
Judge Douglas, and arrry dnnMnnMht
that flag in the campaign of free,
to say, that tor one, I am not wiflfcg to
The Democratic party of dKiSanmMS
States, and the wholfr SbuthflSA peopJfe, 1
ought, in tuy opinion, to plant
upon the plnlfo. 11l of SOUtMBSdB9
and sink or swim with it. I
there are sound men in (he Democratic party
of the. North, and that tlfereare none to be
found in any other party, but we cannot
close our eyes to jhe fact, that according to
our notions of soundness, at least upon this j.
territorial question, the Northern Demo-a
erats who may ho relied on, are “ like angels’ |
tisits, few and tar between.” I cheerfully
admit that the great majority of theNoftb
trn Democracy have, in time *past, Stood
manfully by our rights, but the question
now is, do they stand there uti this time, at
least so far as our Terri torial rights are cou-;
coined i And it they do, htte they soffi
-ient strength to render us efficient aid !
Every man who looks impnrtMllf aksstreot
(■wilts, is compelled to answer in the nega
tive. Judge Douglas, ~nhnjMiifiTrqilni ■ t
know lodged leader of the wtaiority of the
Northern 1 ‘emocracy, and doubtioas embed- i
ies their sentiments, lim
that he will not ideutifv himself, ns a Prcsi
deiiiial candidate, upon any other ttUtforoi 1
than the right and privilege of tJn people
of the Territories to es tablish or exclude j
slavery at their will, and at any tnne from
the commeucemqnt to the end of theTorri.
torial existence. The Deo’ooratio''St^te7
Convention of Ohio, New Jeney,
and other Northern States, have* detHßHfofd
Congressional protection and its advocates,
and opefty declared that they will not af
fiiate with any party that claims it, and eve
ry convention or primary meeting lately
held at the North has reiterated the same
sentiment in unequivocal terms. It cannot
flow be doubted that it is the settled and
determined policy of the majority of the
Northern-Democracy, to follow Judge Doug
las in this claim and demand for “ squatter
soxexsignty “ in its most unlimited form.—
Shall the Southern Democracy yield their
own opinions of the just rights of the
Southern people, and unite with the North
ern Democrats under the lead of Judge
I Ddujffcis, and dpofi the platform which he
has pijt forth as the only one upon which he
and they are willing to act with their South
ern brethren * I know not what others
may do, hut for myself I am unwilling to
sacrifice the sacred rights of the South for
the sake of union, and the hope of success
with any political party either North er
’ Sonth. lam for standing by the rights of
the Southern States as I understand them.
If the Northern Democracy will recogr.iz-j
and aid to enforce them, I stand bv that
party, and exert whatever power I um
have in promoting the success of the organi
zation. If it denies, rejects, or abandons
them, then I atn for cutting loose from
and would rally the Southern people in a
Son them-party, upon a platform of South
ern rights, and*present sound, reliable men
for candidates, and abide the result. If I
had the eontroßof the public. sentiment s'v!
action of the Southernjjemocracy, I would
take them into the Charleston Convention
with the firm resolution to demand the
recognition of the right of the Southern
people to go iuto/he Territories with their
property, and to Jiave that property pro
tected by law, up to the time of the admis
sion of the Territories as States in the Un
ion. If the Convention should recognize
j these rights, and Dominate reliable canai
dates, I would support the nominees, wheth
er from the North or South, the East or the
West. If on the other hand, the Conven
tion should ignore or deny these rights, or
nominate candidates who ignored or denied
their, I would withdraw from the Conven
tion and issue on address to the Southern
people, and all others who agreed with us in
principle, calling upon them to hold a Con
vention, and nominate candidates upop our
platform, and about whose political opinions
and firmness there should not be a doubt.
In this way the whole South could be united,
and being united, could, sooner or later,
force out rights from * reluctant North, or
If beaten and overwhelmned by the power
of numbers, we should be ready for anv
aetion which our interests, our honor, or our
safety should demand. I atn satisfied, gen
tlemen, that if the Charleston Convention
shall adopt or acquiesce in the “squatter
sovereignty ” of Senator Douglas, and shall
. nominate him or any other man agreeing
with him in opinion, the Democratic party
would be overwhelmned in every Southern
State, as it has already been overcome in
nearly every free -State in the Union. Let
She Democratic party of our own State,
Therefore, look well to the action of that
Convention, and see to it, that so far as the
.State of Georgia i*concerned, the rights of
ithe South shall not be sacrificed by it.
I ant very respectfully, gentlemen,
a Your friend and ob’t serv’t,
f- ALFRED IVERSON.
Messrs. H. F. Merkele, 1 others, Com.
Richest Joke of the Sestsoia.
It*is one of the richest jokes of politics
we ever heard o t to witness the blow tb<*
■ making at this time,
y to be the Sbatheru
ty,- Where did Col.
ireSs 'stand in 18S0 and
e Southern Rights men
tbojMirld ever heard
Ho the “ g-ih-o-r-i-o-u-s
they ! Where did
thjt(V stand as Itftaback as, 18oS and ’57 l
What party coasi3fcred “the Union of the
States as the paramount poTitieal good
dndieed so blinds was their devotion to the
Uniofethat. it,sefetned by the course of some
pf their journals that they could not, under
fay circumstances, be kicked out of it.—
Dft’t tell the true Southern Rights men
thSptbe jQcpqsition party is uow the South
enrißigßM party of Georgia —the v can't be
stdflhd with such nonsense.
“On the other hand, (remarks the Alba
ny Patriot,) in 1850 and ’sl, we find Gov.
-Brown in a small minority, standing fear
fiftly and faithfully bv the rights of the
South, tboreserved rights of the States.
S lever opportuuity offered, we have
iridette-M of his consistency. His
ytersl address told out his opinion
on this subject, in clear, and utt
laoguage. His early education,
vtjous, bis principles and his acts,
-•all identity him with the destiny of the
Squth, as dearer to him than anything eNe.
Tt iajlfoooraging that time has wrought
Vohanga in Col. Akiu’s opmion. But wo
think it Safer to rely in such an emergency
Upqn aa original friend, than upop so recent
§ edavert.** —Cassvilfe Standard.