by m. bahtlett.
MACON, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1835.
Yol. YlI....rS:;w Series....Number li.
at MACON, GA.
Printin'’' Office on Mulberry Street—opposite the
° "" Brick Range.
TERMS.—Tiirkk Doi.i.a.:s a year, if paid iu
advance, or Four Dollars, if not paid before the
end of the year. Subscribers living at a distanefc
\vill bo required in nil cases to pay in advance.
SEMI-WEEKLY PAPER-—Three Dollars
j^er annum, in advance, or Four Dollars at the
end of tho year. —
Ker cent, cheaper than ever! J
W3 iust opening n very extensive and splendid as j
g sortment of GOODS, which ims been selected in
THE NEW YORK MARKET * |
hv himself, from tlie latest importation*. which arc i
jiarticularly calculated for Ibis market, and which Will,
be disposed of fully _
TWEKTTir-FXVE PER CETTT.
cheaper(ban ever. These goods are of the latest style
and most fashionable patterns, and are otiered to Ms
Friends and tho Public
with confidence fully assured, that not only the style
C. A* Biggins
O PEERS at the lowest prices, at tho Brick
Sugar, in hhds and bids, N. O. and St. Croix.
Molasses iu hhds.
Whiskey in hhds and bids. Monongaltala (a ve
ry superior article) nud common high proof.
Rum in bids, N. E. and pure.
Gin in bbls, high proof.
b ine iu quarter casks, very superior Malaga.
Cdhdles, '*0 boxes Sperm.
Mackerel, Nos. 2 and 3.
Also, 10 bids. Plaster of Paris for hard walls
and Stucco work.
23 bbls Family Floihr.
Tho above will be sold in quantities to salt pUr-
ahasers. . 17 Nov. 27.
Cabinet ftSalnng and Turning
THE subscriber has commenced
and intends carrying ou the above bu
siness in a’l its various branches, at
the house formerly occupied.by C. A.
Higgins ns an auctiou room, on Fourth
street a few doors below Smith's con
fectionary. Those wishing to purchase furniture,
or havo turning done, will do well to give him a
call. HENRY SAULSBURY.
Will. H. BURDSALL,
From the Southern Planter.
TEAK TREE, OR INDIAN OAK.
Store., Mulberry Street, the following arti- rr„. ..... • , ,
cles, which will be kept constantly on hand: ^ Dry Goods” Clothin®'^ ^ To the Secretary of the Georgia Agricultural So-
Hats, Shoes, SfC. j Washington City, November, 1832.
H IS stock-will be found inferior to none, and | D gm—Your favor of the 3th September,
purchasers, by savoring him with a call, will i . .... . .
be offured Goods at the most reduced prices. | comiAuuieatiug the iuteljigeuco of my having
ms stock cossisrs, is pakt, or thk roixovnsd: been elected bv the Directors of the Georgia Ag-
Super Saxony, Blue, Bluck and Colored Broad „ , ..
Cloths ...... I ricultural Society, one of their corresponding
Blue, Black, Mixt and Fancy Colored Sattinets j members, reached me in due course of mail, and
lobes and Amboyna. The illustrious natural- ' and resists tho attacks of the sea worm and
ist Rumphius introduced it into the latter from
Madeira iu tho year 1676. It is not indige
nous in tliu Malayan peitFfauIa, in Sumatra,
or in Borneo. Of lqte years a few teak plants
were introduced into the Malayan State of
Qucda froin Siam, and propagated with some
success.. By later accounts it appears to have
been discovered in the forests of Sumatra, in
the kingdom of Ackin. It is suspected that
the few trees there are erotics. Pegu affords
Some errors may lie suspected in this ropotf
ot its qualities however. It is difficult to con*
ccivc that it should be harder than the oak anil
yet work better, and Gardner also represents
it to be heavy, while kkxo accurate v. ritors
call it light. Its wonderful durability all ad
mit. Hence it is admirable for ship building,
“Many ships” says the author last quoted,
‘"have been built of it in Bombay, ."some of
w __ N. B. WANTED—A quantity of W-nh’ut and
Imt"prices will fully*meet their approbation. Their! Birch plank suitable for Tables, for which a libc-
nlteiition is requested to the san.-e—a few of the aril- j ra l price will be given. H. S
arc mentioned, vlfe: f i Nov 28, 1832.
JMJO pieces Culicocs and Prints, some very rich.
Extra fitic F'wniturc Calicoes and Common
GO pieces fine Parish Muslins and Ginghams, plnin
«Uld striped, figured mid striped .Mandarines, Barngos-
■Sos hiack and purple Gradeswiss and Italian Silks
A rate red Grodenap, black and brown colored do
Hcniatii (iauees, Orleans Robes, painted Palmarine
and Crape Deleon, block and colored Silk, Camblct
and I’riiicettas, fine French Bombazines, Blond Gauze
Toils (some extra sizes). Satin 8traws. Scarfs Fancy
Hnudkerchiefs and Shawls, very rich, sett Cap and
Belt Ribbons new patterns, Thread I.aces and Insert,
"ings, also Edgings mid Footings, chocked and striped
Muslius, Jnckonot, Swiss aud Cambric do., one case
^rae bleached Irish Linens assorted, Long Lawnf-
I.inen Cambrics and Cambric Handkerchiefs, Soper,
Vettings, plaid nud plain Drillings and fine French
Linens, Pongcosnud l’onge Handkerchiefs, Butulan
iia aud Flags, Gloves mid Mitts assorted.
CO dozen Silk, Colton, Rnndon Hose and bnlf
103 Parasols and Umbrellas, very neat and rich.
100 pieces Mosquito Netting.
Bead Bags nnd Purses, Shell Tuck and Side Combs,
Cambric and Furniture Demjties and Cotton Fringes,
0,7,8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 by 4 Damask Table Cloths.
Tabic Covers, Dunstable and Straw Bonnets, Palm
Leaf Hals, Black and Drub Beaver Hats, latest fash-
ions, Travelling Caps nnd Trunks.
10 bales Sheetings. Shirtings tinci Plaids.
500 lbs spun Cotton, Tickings, Osnaburgs, Cot
ton Curds. &c.
Also, an extensive assortment of Perfumery, Soaps
Oils, Powder, Powder Boxes and Puffs, Krnsive Balls,
Cologne, Honey nnd Rose Waters, Otto of Roses,
StlUO pair Shoes nnd Pumps nssorted. and
100 pair Morocco and Calf Bouts, some very
neat nnd fine.
And a very large simply of
Saddles, Bridles, SMCartingals,
SADDLE AND TRAVELLING BAGS,
&C. &G. &C.
TogeUJer with n general assortment of
Hardware Sp Cutlery :
of all kinds that Is wanted in this market; also CAR
PENTER'S TOOLS of all kinds. BLACKSMITH
TOOLS, Cross cut and Mill Saws, Guns, Rifles, Src.
• Also a supply of Crockery, China nnd Glnss Ware
Also 10 dozen superior Calf Skins, Giuing and
Binding Skins, Sole Leather, Gin Band Leather, Arc.
Amtnsupplv of GROCERIES, FAMILY MEDI
.Macon, April 20 129
Books, Msoic, &c. .
'ELLIS, SHOTWELL & CO.
A RE now receiving and opening at their
JaL BOOK STORE, a number of
of a rich description, aud a variety of other Mu
sical Instruments, with Instruction Books and
Music adapted to the same. A largo collection of
New IMEasic for the Piano*
embracing all the Music of the celebrated Cinde
rella Opera, and a variety gf Engravings, Carica
tures, Prints, &c.-—also,
Jl large assortment of Boohs,
consisting of fftcen hundred volumes: a cata
logue embracing a considerable portion of which,
is published in tho Christian Repertory.
A great vnricty of STATIONARY and Mis
A large assortment of PAPER HANGINGS,
Bordering, Eire-Prints, &c. &c.
They respectfully invite the attention of the
public to the above, and request them to call and
examine. June II 21
For Sale by Ellis, Shotwell & Co
9 'k REAMS and Reverie* of n Quiet Man, 2 vols.
-fl_r *onsistiii£of the Lillie Genius nnd other Essays,
by one of the editors of the Neiv Yoik Mirror.
Tiro years and a half in the Navy, by E. C. Wines, j
Rcmiinks on the Statistic:) und Political Institutions
of tho United Slates, with 6onie observations on the i
Eccl csiaiUcal System of America; her sources of Re- j
venue—by lVra. G- Onseley, Esq., attached to his |
Majesty's Legation at Washington
The Lives of celebrated Travellers, byj. A. St. |
John, consisting of Revelation by Sbuttleworth. I
\catcs on CnoTcra, with advice to the Planters o ,
the South, for the medical treatment of their SIuvcs. ,
Dr Tirol's Trrr.’tisc.
llickerslitli’s Works. -
Percy Anecdotes in one volume octavo.
Tales of Early. As.es, by Horace Smith.
November 2; 1S52. i 10
. GEORGE JEWETT,
At his old stand, corner of Cherry and Secondsts.
I S now receiving from New York and Boston,
a fresh supply of Goods, which, In addition-
to those on hand,.will make .his stock very .large
and complete, which lie offers oil as reasonable
terms ns they can be had iu this mackct. His
goods comprise a general
Assortment of Groceries,
Viz—130 bags C iflco,
45 hhds St Croix, Porto Rieo and N
21 bbls Loaf and Lump do
12 qr chests Tea
20,000 lbs Iron
•10 hhds Molasses
1500 bushels Salt
100 pieces Homo nnd Tow Bagging,
40: kegs Nail*:
Cognac Brandy _
Northern Gin, Northern Ritm
Apple Brandy, Wine,
Powder,. Shot, &c. See.
Dry Goods, Hardware, Cutlery,
Crotkery, Boots, Shoes,
HATS, BLANKETS, SADDLES,
&c. tfcc. Ac.
Dct 22 43
LOYV FOR GASH.
HE subscribers intend closing their present
business as soon as practicable, aud will
sell off their stock of
Hardware, Cutlery, Castings,
Mechanics* Tools, &c.
Together with a great variety of miscellaneous
articles at very low prices, for cash only—many
articles will be disposed of at less than cost.—
Their stock of books is lnrgs nnd more complete
than any other in the State; it embraces a largo
Law Books, Medical do. and Latin School do.
Greek arid French do. Religious do. Historical,
Literary. Scientific, and a great variety of Mis:
ELLIS, SHOTWELL & CO.
• Sept 27 181
P. S. Drugs and Medicines
Sn iped Sallinets, English Meriuoes
DulBe Point and Rose Blankets
Red, White, Green and Yellow-piannels
Canton and Saxony While Gaure do
Damask Table Dia;>er
Bird’s Eye, Scotch,-arid Russia do
Blue, Black and Colored Bomhazetts
do do do Circassians
Negro Clothing, Linseys
Brown and Bleached Shirtings
do do Sheetings
do • do ■ Drillings
Cotton Oznaburgs, Fustians
Black Italian Lustring
Black Groesde Swiss, Black Gross do Naples
do do Berlin
Black Sincliew? and Sarsancts
Col. Gross de Naples
Black und Col. Florences
do do Italian Crapes
Scarlet and Black Meriuo Long Shawls
Scarlet Square Sbatvls
Cashmere, Valcntia, Thibet Wool
Bilk, Damask nnd Cassimere Shawls
Hernaui, Paris Muslin Crape .....
Gauze, Gros dc h(aplcs und Mandarine DreA
Ladies’ and Misses’ Belgian, Italian, Straw, Leg
horn. Braid and Fancy Bonnets.
Satin and Gauze Garnitures
English Moleskins, Bed Ticks
Apron Checks, Furniture do
Domestic Plaids and Stripes
Floor Cloth Baize, Green Fuze Cloth
Furnithre Dimity, Hair cord do
Russia Sheeting, Bleach Dotvlass
Burlaps, Bangup Cords
Irish Linens, Lawns
Blue and Scarlet Rattlnet
Black and Gol. plain Ribbons
Dark and light Col. Prints nnd Giiigkam3
Lace and Gauze Veils
Figured and plain Bobbinct Lace
Cambric, Jaconet, Swiss, Afull, NansooTc nnd
Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs, Pongee do
Indin. Flag and Bandana do
Shell Combs _
Ladies’ and|Gent1cmcns' Gloves.
Cotton, Worsted and Lamb’s Wool Hose
Black and Col. Cambrics
Mdn’s nnd Boys' Fur, Cloth and Seal Caps
READY MADE CLOTHING.
Superfine blue, black, green, adclaid, olive and
" ■ i Cot'
would have received an earlier reply, but for the
| pressure of my engagements, aud a desire to
| make some other return for the honor bestowed
on me, than barren thaulcs. Be pleased to make
known to the Directors my acknowledgments
for this mark of kind recollection, and assure
hem of tny roadidoss to co-operato with them in
promoting, by evoi*y means in my power, tbe
laudable object of the Society. :
a large quantity of teak timber which is brought | tlirm are now.so old that no one Jiving can re
down the rivers. The most abundant supply
is however apparently derived from the Mala
bar and Coromandel coasts. A great deal is
brought down the river Godavery which emp
ties into the bay of Bengal in about hit. 16.—
I have not been able to discover that it exists
either native or exotic, in South America, the
West Indies or New Holland. According to
Cordncr, it flourishes well in Ceylon where
largo plantations of it are to be seen. Bv
No one cau be more deeply sensible than my- €onie persons there, it is said to have Leon iu-
self, of the dignity and importance of agriculture; troduced by the Dutch, by others to have been
none more desirous of contributing in however j found gro
in the woods uea
small a degree, to advance the most essential of j comuly,.
human employments. NIy own experiments as
a planter however, have been far too recent, and
too little under my personal inspection, to allow
me tho slightest hope of presenting any hint,
which experience has suggested, and a salutary
dread of mere theory will always prevent my of
fering any other.
Perhaps tho only way in which, for sometime
at least,-the Society cau derive any benefit from
my exertions, will be by tho transmission of for
eign seeds or plants, which our Government now
occasionally rccieves through its officers, in con
sequence of a recent resolution adopted by the
House of Representatives.
It will at all times givy me great pleasure to fu
nish you with any of these which may promise
to he useful, accompanied by such information
respecting them, a* eomes withiu my reach.
As a commencement, you will rcccivo herewith
a packet of seeds of the Teak Tree, (Feetend
jgf 'cndtej tile timber of which, is the most valua
ble of afiy known i.u India.
' -POPULAR 'DESCRIPTION.
The Teak tree is of a stately appearance,
having a larg« trunk growing straight to the
height of seventy' feet, a great number of
branches anil broad leaves. The branches are
spreadingand opposite, crossing each other qua-
drangularly when young. The leaves are
spreading, opposite, stalked, qliptic, oblong,
acute, entire, slightly waved, with one rib and
many transverse veins.whose subdivisions are
finely reticulated: their tipper side rough like
a file; lower finely downy, their length is gen
erally about a span, hut the leaves on young
branches sometimes measure eighteen inches
or two feet and nearly half as much i n breadth.
Panicles, terminal, hoary, very large and
spreading, repeatedly subdivided in an oppo
site manner with lanceolate bractcas. Flowers
very numerous, comparatively smtill, being
scarcely half an inch long; externally hoary,
internally yellow. Fruit the sizes of a small
cherry, rough brown, in a large, membranous,
brown- bladdery' calyx, resembling the Physa-
lis Atkcgengi in general shape but hardly so
I might Havo sent them somewhat earlier, but i large. In Java the Teak blossoms in the dry
• weather, and the fruit forms in November im-
will be sold ns usual.
E. S. & CO.
Sugar, Brandy, Wine, &c.
IIIIDS N. O. Sugar,
15 bids N. O. and St. Croix do.
1 pipe Cognac Brandy
1 do domestic do
5 car-ks Malaga Wino
20 bbls Northern Gin
20 do Northern Rum
5 do Mint Cordial
10 bags Spice
5 tun Iron
10 ca.-ks wrought Spikes
filed. Wagon Boxes, Trace Chains
Smiths’ Bellows, Weeding Hoes
>» boxes Beaver Hats
lOOi) bushels Liverpool Ground Salt, fee. &c. , ._. e , —
a consignment, am! for sale oil accommoda- ; cellaneous audScliool Books for sale by
E - GRAVES & SON havo just rcccivo
• the following articles:
12 hhds St. Croix and N. O. Sugars
10 bbls Loaf do
50 bags Coffee
40 bbls Rum
20 bbls N. Gin
20 bbls Whiskey
10 libds Molasses
20 bbls Potatoes
2 pipes Cog. Brandy
2 pipes Holland Gin
2 lihds Jam. Rum
25 bbls Wine
20 bids Cordial
Boxes Soap, Caudles
Pepper, Pimento, Ginger
Tobacco, Penrlasb, Copperas
Boxes Hyson and Black Tea
50,000 lbs Iron and Steel
2000 lbs IIoop Iron
Castings, &c. A"c.
All rif which will be sold very low.
April 111 21
A RNOTT’S Elements of Physics
Evidence of Prophecy
Rev. Robert Hall’s Works
Essay oh Formation and Publication of Opi
Essays on Truth, Knowledge, Evidence; Ac.
Pitcairn’s Island Otahietc, Ac.;—last Family
Ambitions Student, by E. L. Bulwer
Life of Stephen Girard
Hall’s Lectures on School Keeping
Romance of Reality
Whispeis to n Newly Married Pair
Reports on Locomotive and Fixed Engines
Eleventh Edition Henry’s Chemistry
Alexander’s Biblo Dictionary
I.arrcy’s Surgical Nlcmoirs
Gooch on Females
Bell on Baths aud Mineral Waters
Carpenter’s Essay on Materia Medica
Costar's Physiological Practice
Peurperal l’eritonitis, by Dr. Baudclocqno
Ryan’s Medical Jurisprudence
With a large collection of Medical, Law, Mis-
brown Cloth Dress Coats
" Blue, black, green, brown nnd steel
mixt Cloth Frock Coats
“ it!Iue, brown, olive, green and mixt
Blue, steel mixt and fancy colored Saltinel Coat
ees and Frock Coats • ‘
Superfine blue, bluck, brown, olive, green and
steel mixt cloth Pantaloons
Drab, lavender and stri|H:d Cassimere do
Blue, steel mixt and fancy colored Sattinct do
English Moleskin, unCut Cord and Bangup do
Youths’ Cloth and Sattinct Coatees and Panta
Black, blue and drab C*ssimere Vests
Black and colored Velvet do
"Dark and light figured Valentia, while and col
ored Marseilles, Swansdown', Toilinet
nnd Sattinct Vests
Camblct and Plaid Cloaks
Velvet, Bombazine, Silk, Valdntia and Leather
Fine Linen Shirts, Collars, Bosoms, &c. &c:
Men’s aud Youths’ Fur and Wool Hats,
Fine Roots and Shoes,
BFSO&O SHOES* «SiC, AC. AC.
Oct. 24 4
the Department Dot being iu possession of those
facts respecting the tree which’it was most desi
rable to ascertain, qiy Jester was postponed until
an opportunity occurred of collecting them my
self, as it would, of course, have been far less ac
ceptable to you t6 receive tho seeds alone.
What I am obliged to send you at last, is sim-
mediately before the setting in of the heavy
rains. It rises to the height of from eighty to
one hundred feet, and.is Said to take as many,
years to come to maturity. It has been known
to attain a diameter of five, six and even eight
feet. It is one of the few trees which in these
equitorial regions shed their leaves at once
ply an abridgment of my extracts from various ]jk c those of temperate countries. I': is' found
| IIE Subscribers still continue the business
i _fiL at the old stand, corner of Walnut and
j Fourth Streets, where work will be done accord-
j ing to tifder. Having a large assortment of arti
cles ordered from the North which will arrive iu
| tho course of the summer.’ consisting of Gigs, Bu
sies, Barouches and Carriages, they feel con
fident of pleasing customers both iu articles and
j The have now on hand an assortment which
j will be sold low for cash, such as Sulkeys, Gigs,
j arid Barouches; besides several splendid sets of
f Harness, with I.aces, Carpeting, Morocco,
j Springs of different kinds, Joints, Bauds, Loops
< and Bows of all sizes. Orders for Carriages
j punctually attended to, nnd warranted to please
or no sale. BENTON & BACON.
Wanted as an Apprentice,
A lad about fourteen or fifteen years of age, of
steady moral habits. B. Sc B.
May 4 138
travellers or naturalists, whose works are not
readily accessible to you iu Georgia.. It is a
subject of much regret to mo, that oven here so
littlcis to he met with concerning tho proper soil*
climate and cultivation of the tree.
• Nor is it the first time 1 have longed for a good
Syli-a, designating the native country, favorite
soil, exposure,' and temperature, and tho best
moans of acclimating all tho fmc forest trees;
including of course, some account of the attempts
successful aud unsuccessful, to transplant and nat-
aralizc them, and the geographical limits within
which they are at prescut found.
For want of access to such a work, if ono of
tho kind oxist, this notice of the Teak will be
fouud exceedingly meagre; yet to collect it, such
as it is, more labor has been bestowed and more
volumes consulted than you would readily believe.
I havo tho honor to lie, very respectfully, your
most obedient servant,
RiCIIARD. HENRY WILDE.-
Tectoxa. Class and order, Pcntandria,
Mouogynia. Nat. Ord. Personutae, Linn. Vit-
Ices, J uss.
Gen. ch. Cat Perianth inferior, of one
leaf hill shaped, its niurgih in five, occasionally
six ovate, blunt segments, permanent.
.Cor. Of one petal, funnel shaped; tube
shorter than the calyx; limb in five, occasion
ally six, deep obovate, crenatc segments, in
curved at the point, twice as long as tho tube.
Nectary, a glandular ring at (he base of the
Filaments as many as the segments
both in the plains anil mountains, though in the
latter not above three or four thousand feet
above the level of the sea. The wood of the
mountain teak is hard hut stunted In its growth, I
member when they were launched. Tho
heaviness of the wood however has been thought
to be in some respects the cause of their dull
sailing.” \\ c shall see hereafter that the fact
and the hypothesis builc on it are more than
doubtful. The wood is not heavier than the
oak, though some kinds are heavier than others,
and teak ships that hre dull sailors have prohar
bly been constructed on had models.
Forbes, in his Oriental memoirs says, “Teak
is more durable than oak, from its oleaginous
quality, preserving the wood and the iron used
Triu- j in naval.architecture. The author saw a .-i.ip
at Surat; which had been built nearly eightv
years, and which, from veneration to its ase
and long services, was only employed on an
annual voyage to the Reil .Sea to convey the
Malicmedan pilgrims to Juddah on their way
to Mecca, and then returning with them to Su
rat after tlie hodge [Q? Ilarije] or religious
ceremonies were over,’ the vessel was oiled and
covered up on shore until the next season,-^
According to Crawford, the teak, as compared
with the oak, is equally strong, and somewhat
more buoyant. Its durability is mors uniform
and decided, and to insure that durability it
demands less care and preparation, for it may
he put in use almost green from the forest;
without any danger of dry or wot rot. It is lit
to endure all climates and all alternations of
climate. The oak on the contrary cracks and
is destroyed by such alternations, and particu
larly l>y exposure to the rays of a tropical sun.
The oak contains an acid which corrodes au*l
destroys iron: the teak not only has no such
acid hut even contains an essential oil which
tends to preserve iron. The great superiority
of the oak over the teak, consists in its utility
in the fabrication of vessels for holding liquids.
The strong odour which the teak imparts to all
liquids which are solvents of the essential oil,
in which that odour is contained, makes it unfit
•to be used for holding them. It makes good
water casks, but is unfit for holding wines, or
any spirit but arrack, to which it cdmmUmcatts
some of that peculiar flavor which some per
sons affect to relish.
In a very recent work it is said that the 4rwk
is light, easily worked, und though porous,
strong and durable. It is. easily seasoned and
shrinks but liffky , Malabar teak is deemed su
perior to every oiiier, and is extensively used
that of the plains less firm bnt larger. . This f for ship building at Bombay. Teak ships o
has also been observed of the "Mahogany of
America. It grows in extensive forests and
when on favorable soil is said to exclude every
other tree. Though it grows abundantly on
the hilly country below the Ghaut mountains,
it is said to require a rich soil. In the least
fertile part of Java, it either docs not exist at
all, or in small quantity and of puny growth.—
The great forests of it in that island are in the
rich central districts.
Dr. Buchanan in Iris journey through My-,
ceiie, Carara and Malabar, performed by or
der of the Marquis Wellesley, when Governor
General of India, for tlic express purpose of
investigating- the state of the arts, agriculture
and commerce of those provinces, remarks, in
relation to the forests in the southern part of
Malabar, “The most valuable production of
these forests, however, is their timber, of which
there are.scveral good kinds; but the Teak is
by far the most valuable. To the increase or
preservation .of tills, little or no attention has
been paid; but about two years ago, an order
was issued by the commissioners, prohibiting
any trees from being cut .that were.under cer
tain dimensions; and trees of the regulated
girth, are said by Mr. Warden to he too heavy
for the native, carriage. These forests possess
a great advantage, in being intersected by ma
ny branches of the Party a ni river which in the
rainy season are large enough to float, the tim
ber down to the sea. AH the hills near the
river seem naturally fit for producing the Teak ;
forty years old and upwards are not uncommon
on the Indian seas. Some men of war havo
been built of teak, and have answered exceed
ingly well, except that they are said to be vati.v
er heavy sailors; betas teak timber is Jiglr?,*
this has probably been owing to some delect .
in their forui’f
A recent article on ship timber y: the United
Service Journal!speakshighly-oftha teak: Be
sides the other excellent qualities above attri
buted to. it; and which it is unnecessary to re
peat, the writer says, “The variety of it called
jticon, from its mild and straight grain, is %'ery
superior for masts to Jablanas, Riga, Ameri
can, or indeed any other known wood; tho
weight is against it for topmasts; hut wc were
in a ship, where on the suggestion of the well
known jtmsatjnb Jlomanjce it wav tried with
success: “If you get it aloft” said he, “it wiiJ
never go without the lower masts.” Ue adds,
“Wc remember seeing at Bombay a fine coun
try ship, of about five hundred tons burtkeh,
which was constructed of teak upwards of forty
years before, and was then found to be iu per
fect condition, and without the slightest weak
ness or ailment. We. ourselves sailed in a fri
gate built of tins material, for four years in
various stations, and upon arduous service,
which would have destroyed any of our con
tract ships, and yet w r e left her as sound as a
ncW ship. Iii 1311 the Do%’er, a less substan
tial teak ship than the one just alluded to, was
driven on Madras beach, and stranded, during
T HE subscribed have this day purchased the
entire stock of good* belonging to Wiley,
Barter fy Fort in this place, and will coutiuuc tho
business at the same store on the comer of Sec
ond Street and Cotton Avenue, opposite Wash
ington Hall, under the firm of
BAXTER, FORT & WILEY.
They have ou hand a general assortment of
fresh goods well adapted to the town and country
trade, which will he sold at low prices and on li
beral terms, by the yard, piece or package.—
They solicit a continuation of the patronage of
former customers and the pufilic generally.
THOMAS W. BAXTER.
ROBERT W. FORT.
laird h. Wiley.
Mncou, July 1, 1832. 1G1
of the corolla, inserted alternately therewith and with a little pains, in the course of time, j a furious gale of wind. So strong was the ves-
into the tube, decurrcnt, thread shaped, erect, very valuable forests of that excellent tree I sel. thatshe laid in the overwhelming surf sev->
rather longer than the limb, anthers heart sha- ; might be reared. All that would he required I eral months perfectly entire, and in a part
ped, two Iqbcd, erect. _ ^ j would he-to-cut down every other kind ol. tim- where few European ships would have held
Pist. Germen superior, nearly globular,; ber, allowing the Teak to spring up naturally,
downy;, style thread shaped, downy, slightly , which it will every where do, and to enforce
curved, tho-length of the corolla; stigmas two,: the commissioners’ regulation concerning the
revolute, obtuse. size of the trees. In the course of fifty or sixty
Drupa nearly globose,, depressed,
dry:, spongy; hairy, concealed in tho enlarged,
inflated membranous calyx
together -for a week: carpenters were then
employed at a great expense to break her up,
hut the work proved so difficult that they were
at last obliged to blow her to pieces with gun
TEAK TIMBER TRADE.
Ung terms 1
WM. P. ROWLAND.
ELLIS. SHOTWELL & Co.
O Family Flour
* 3 superior quality,foraalo by
Ma J'l8 142' C.A. IIIGGjuvS.
Liverpool Ground Salt,'
| Q A A BUSHELS for sale by
j OVV A WM. P. ROWLAND.
| Nov & l" dtsw
Land for Sale.
Lot Nt. 31, iu the 11th district of Leo conuty.
“ 34, “ 32d
“ 254, “ 20th “
“ 220, “ 10th “ »
)AY &, BUTTS, Agents.
Macon. July 27, 1832. IG4
T HE Howard Insurance Company of New
York continues to insure COTTON, when
shipped on good Boats oV Boxes, against the
dangers of thp River. Rales of Premium are
moderate; Apply to C. DAY, Agent.
Dec 20 51
years, very excellent forests might thus he
formed near water carriage; very much to the
advantage of their proprietors and the nation;
ci iv" a i ii . i ° . * . . . . 1 Oeik. md\ be expoitcd in Iciriro cjUtintitics
Seed. Nut bony, the> sbnpc of tho Drupa j but these people arc so ignorant, that without j from j / uch h t ] ic cxtcnt of thc . forests of
with a terminal knob of four cobs, tutli solitary compulsion, it could not be expected that any j it in that lslaml . Besides compass and crooked-
kernels. : such plans could be carried into cflcct. At i - , ...
,, x r> ii r c-,- j- • ! , , . , timber, it is reckoned that these torests, witrs-
Ess. ch. Corolla fi\c cleft, btigma uivi- i present every man who chooses to give t.ie I „ ,, n ,
, , j ; „ • *iT. i i: out any injury to them, may annually afford-
ded. Drupa dryq spongy, nitlnn the inflated . landlord a Fecnam may cut down- a tree, anil: nnn u J “ c i • i -if , • ,
, _ . kn' I „ , , ,, /. , ., OUJJUU beams tor ship budding and export;!-..
ralyjfi Nut oi louf cells. ; all the valuable trees being cut, while the use- ,• ,i „ .o. „u i i <• e » _
m, „ . i /, „ • |, „ , 1 , tion, and supply-the demand lor small tinde r
Obs. The termiual flowers are olten six I less ones arc allowed to remain and come to L- , •}. ... .
, r . | , , • , • ,i , .! lor house building and native stepping besides-
clelt. — seed, the consequence is, that m all places of 1 ■ •, .• ™ , ■ , 1 f , .
. ’ , f , 1 , i 1 ho price paid lor T eak timber by the Dutch
geographical di.stribctio.v. i easy access tlie valuable kinds have become 1
Tectona Grandis: Teak wood or Indian-oak. j a hnost entirely extinct.
Its geographical distribution is comparative- ; uses and qualities.
Iy limited. j There arc several varieties of the T eak
It is found, I believe, only in Asia and Af- . which with thc difference produced by soil,,
fica between the tropics. In Asia, between will account for some diversity in the Jescrip-
China and Persia, being confined to the south- tions of the quality of the timber. All agree,
ern peninsula of India; India beyond the Gan- j however, in representing it as the most useful
ges to the southern frontier ol China, the isl- i wood known in Asia. Dr. Roxburgh says it is
auds ol Ceylon and Java, and onctwo thi or s- j light, easily worked, and, though porous, both
ers of this great group. It is most abundant strong and durable. For ship building lie adds
in Malabar, Pegu and Java. That of Malabar is peculiarly excellent for its lightness and du- .
is said to be the best. It exists on the western rability in or out of the 'water. The same au-
coast of Africa between the tropics, but I am , thor mentions that the hanks of the Godavery
unuble.to fix its precise locality or limits there, j river in Hindustan afford a Teak which isbeauti-
All 1 can at present ascertain, is, that it form j fullyy eined, much closer iu grain, and heavier
one of the exports of Sierra Leone. Java os j than usual. This sort is peculiarly fitted for
the only island of the Archipelago in which it [ furniture and gun carriages,
abounds. It is found in smaller quantity and j Cordncr says, that on account of its exten
or inferior size in the island of Madeira, in the I s ;y-c utility, the Teak is sty led the pride of the
isletsto the east of it, in Bali, Sambarra and Bu-
tung, the last being its farthest limit to the cast.
Iu recent thn« it has been introduced into Cc-
Eastern forests. Harder, more durable, and
working, more kindly .than the oak, it bears
flic interne Wtlt of the sun without splitting,
! government in former times was at thc foWrate.
of abaut 4s. 7.jd. sterling per load. This was
however a forced pride, the timber being de
livered as an assessment.’ Any additionalquau-
tity was paid for at 50 per cent, advance on
this. The Government sold the 4 timber -thus
cheaply obtained at a monopoly price, taking
advantage of the necessities of the public, and
necessarily excluding all fair and regular trafV
fie. The trade was, during the British time,-'
offered t<. private speculation, and large quail-:
tities of it were sent to the market of Bengal,
where it competed successfully with that of
The established price as fixed by the Gov- -
eminent, whose.property the forests are, were,
then as follows: Straight squared timber was sokl
at an average of £5 per load. A mast piece,
60 feet long by 17 inchqs in diameter, wan-
sold for £7 14s 4id per load; and one of 100
feet by 32 inches diameter, for. £12 2s 5^;
*. JI*C ulloch’tfOoniiiBc/crafDictionary,/
f f831 part««-