Newspaper Page Text
WORKING FOR THE PRESS.
What Newspaper Women Think of
New York, Sept. 24.—“1s the newspaper
#ffire a promising held of work for women?”
This is the substance of the inquiry which
in one form or another, by letter or by word
of mouth, I have put to ten or t welve news
“Would you, in the light of your experi
ence, advise a young girl to try the work?
What work is there that a woman can do
on the modern newspaper? Do reporters of
the other sex welcome a woman or do they
feel her presence among them an intru
Jennie June, the editor of Galley's Lady's
Book, who liegan newspaper work ou the
Weekly Times iu New York before any
other woman, unless one counts Margaret
Fuller, had attempted it, has been a staunch
advocate of journalism as a business for
women. In reply to my questions Mrs.
“I'do not think there is any question in j
regard to the woman's claim to some sort of j
place in the journalism of to-day. She has
made it for herself and demonstrated her
right to its occupation. Wnat seems to me
the greatest obstacle to good and permanent
work is the want among women journalists i
of deliberate purpose and proper t quipment
They are still accidents, the driftwood of
fortune, rather than the result of deliberate
aim and conscientious preparation. To make
a distinct and recognized place for herself
in journalism to-day a woman needs, in ad
dition to a broad and liberal education, in
timate acquaintance with some subject upon
which she can make herself an authority.
This is sure to lead to success, as in the ease
of Mrs. Martha J. Lamb, whose natural
bent for history was cultivated for fifteen
years by the writing of short historic
sketches and the ‘History of the City of
New Y T ork,‘ when she naturally gravitated
into the editorship of an historical maga
zine, and in a very short while placed it far
and away in advance of its kind by the
breadth and fores' of ex|>erience and char
acter of her work.
“It seems to me that the work of women
in journalism will always be more special
than general in its nature. The discussion
of art, literary, social, domestic, and educa
tional topics, correspondence and editorship
of periodicals which represent these rhemes
and interests. I do not think general re
porting on a daily paper in a great city pos
sible or desirable for women, while the field
of dramatic criticism is difficult liecau.se of
the late hours and the embarrassment eif
traversing the streets after midnight with
out an escort. Yet women are excellent
critics and publishers find them the keenest,
quickest and most cons F• #, ious of readers
and book reviewers. Far p*. dishing houses
now but employ more less women in this
“As for the dangers of newspaper offices
to women they are chimerical. A woman
who attends to her business is respected just
as a man is; there is no sex in hard, honest
The newspaper correspondence and much
of the special work of which Mrs. Croly
S leaks can be done partially at least from
ie writer's own study desk and do not al
ways or necessarily involve the routine of
daily office horn's or bring up the perplexing
questions of relations with journalists of the
other sex. On these points 1 consulted Mrs.
Florence Finch Kelly, who first us reporter
for the Boston Globe and later as editorial
writer for the same paper, made herself a
reputation as one of the brightest of the
younger newspaper workers in Boston, and
who since her marriage and residence in
New York has found time for constant
newspaper work as well. Mrs. Kelly says:
“Should a woman who wishes to do news
paper work try to get a position in an offiee
or attempt to do simply contributing from
the outside? The newspaper editor will in
variably tell her that she doesn’t need to
undergo the discomforts of office work, that
she can just as well do her writing outside.
But he tells her that because it is the easiest
way to get himself out of an uncomfortable
position. He knows that in all probability
she would be an unwelcome addition to his
staff and he does not wish to say so. He
knows verv well that her value to him will
be doubled and her worth as a newspaper
worker vastly increased if she goes into an
office as one of its regular workers and takes,
a training in ‘all-round' newspaper work.
“But there is a prejudice, and a strong
one, among newspaper men arciinst women
in newspaper offices. Nor is if strange that
there is, for so many of the women who
have gone into the work have exnected and
demanded that the rules of the drawing
room beenforeed in the office that they have
made the whole sex unwelcome. The’news
paper office is thoroughly democratic and
no person can enter it ana gain favor of any
kind by reason of race, sex, color or previ
ous condition of any kind whatsoever. No
one man or woman ought to expect an office
full of people to change their habits to suit
the likes and dislikes of that one individual.
If a woman objects to tobacco smoke either
she should not go into an office where nine
tenths of the people are smokers, < r, if she
does, she should keep her objections^whether
they be moral or physi :al, to herself. If
she thinks there is anything inherently dis
respectfully in a man with his coat off or his
heels on a desk, she should do her writing at
home. And if she enters an offiee the more
closely she attends to business and the less
she thinks about her moral influence the
better she will succeed. Also the more in
fluem-e she will exert. The less considera
tion she seems to expect on account of her
sex the more she will get. The fewer favors
she asks for the more will be offered. She
cannot Hml anywhere truer courtesy than
will spontaneously flow all about her when
her associates see that she is an unassuming
worker, trying to succeed by attending
strictly to her own labors, that she does not
presume upon her sex, and that she docs not
expect extra attention or consideration. In
short, the woman who enters a newspaper
office must be Willing to take things as she
Jinds them and make no comments, or she
will soon become the most unpopular mem
ber of the staff. Hut by acting with good
sense and true politeness she can make her
path a very pleasant one and her days in
the office such that she will always remem
ber them with pleasure.”
Genera! reporting for a city daily is work
the feasibility of which for a woman is
oftenev denied than affirmed. Miss Estelle
M. Hatch, the "Grace Kincaid" of the Hus
ton Globe, was a repirter for that pajier for
a year before she was taken into the edito
rial rooms. Of that experience in a brief
chat some days since she said:
“For a year I was at the call of the paper
as a general reporter, taking my assign
ments just the same as the men. 1 report'd
sermons, lectures, public meetings of all
kinds where women formed a part of the
audience, and wrote up general news of
many sorts during the day. I look Iwek
upon that year n-s one into which the expe
rience of three or four was crowded. 1 en
joyed it greatly umi met with a great deal
of kindness, my fellow reportersquite tak
ing me in as one of themselves.”
One of the best, known of New York news
iiaper women to newspaper readers is Mrs.
'aimie B. Merrill, formerly of the (Ira)ihie,
now of the Wiiilil, a very bright woman
and u very clever journalist. When 1 ap
pealed to her fora bit of personal experi
ence in news|<n|ier work she sent me what
she dulis her "confession."
“As the henpecked old minister said wbn
someone asked him before his wife whstiie
thought of matrimony—that he thought it
*a state of excellent liscipllue,' so inn one
easily say of journalism for women, tiiat it
is good discipline. My personal experience
is divided into two parts, one of which may
lie characterized a< torment, tiie other as
quite ideal. The first year and a halt of my
iiew*ptt[ier work was burdened wnh fool
lihas and sorrow. 1 was green, I was imw
and I wts wound half to dmith It i* n>d
less to say that I almost star sad st iny desk
and nothing tail very siiunte at bring *ueh
an Idiot kepi nr- from leaving llie |oftssnno
ami returning lilts a prodigal dsughu-r to
my fatiuir's bone 'Feed mu, I pray t han,
sod give ins a w hois gown.’ Thai wa the
Itid ■ loud- i, Tim swKind lagan wdh Ufa
la &*<* fork ami a 'task on U>* Gia/iho
j From the first hour of my entrance into
! that office I was as nearly absolutely happy
jas mortal woman could be. 1 was, in the
j words of the proprietor, ‘the architect of
jmy own fortune.’ My copy was not super
j vised, I chose my own work and had gene
f rally a royal good time. From early in the
i morning until dark I was with men, but
j never did I hear a careless word or have one
■ directed to me. From the elevator boy up,
! every nmu was courteous and jolly and ab
j solutely respectful. The fact that I was a
i woman was never forgotten, nor yet was it
made the cause of undue attention. I was
| simply taken in as ‘one of us,’ and every
thing done to make ray work pleasant. Af-
I ter a year and a half I left them and have
| come into the office of a morning paper to
try my hand at special work. It is quite
) the same story here. I am expected to
j work, and ought to work hard, but it is
made play almost by the fondness I have
i for it, and, more important thing still, by
the consideration of those under whose
I orders I am.”
Miss Midy Morgan, the cattle rejiortor of
the New Y T ork Times and probably the liest
posted authority ou live stock in America,
exacts something more than respect—ad
miration —for her success in a phase of
newspaper work the most difficult in many
ways that a woman could undertake. Going
day after day, year in and year out up to
the cattle pens by the river and out on the
stock farms —-she is as vivacious and inter
esting outside of her work as reliable in it.
To the query what she thinks of newspaper
work as a business for women she returns
the characteristic line:
“As I entered journalism by chance and
remain in it through a spirit of idleness, 1
feel incompetent to guide others.”
Miss Lilian Whiting, the literary editor
of the Boston Traveller, is widely known as
a Boston correspondent. She gives me a
picture of certain pleasant fields in jour
nalism. She says:
“The true aim of all journalistic work
seems to me less what one can get out of
it than what one can put into it—that is, it
is especially the work which may lie made a
personal contribution to one’s day and
generation. All earnest, thinking women
live for something higher, I take it, than
greed, or getting, or gain, and in every
privilege opened by the large horizon of
journalism find a corresponding duty In
this way women journalists are contribut
ing to the intellectual and social progress of
the world. Among these i3 held in sweetest
memory the name of Mary Clenier. Amoiig
the more eminent editorial workers of the
day soecial tribute is due to Mrs. Margaret
SuliiVar. of Chicago, whose writing is
st rongiW' thought and exquisite in quality;
Mrs. Sara A. Underwood, another eminent
writer, who is associated with her husband
in the editorship of ‘The Open Court;’
Miss Mary D. Fell, the strong and brilliant
literary reviewer of the New Orleans
’Times-Democrat v Katherine Codway of
Boston, who is Jonn Boyle O'Reilly’s able
assistant on the Pilot; Mrs. Colby, of
Nebraska, who publishes and edits the
Woman' Tribune-, Alice Stone Blackwell,
of the Woman's Journal ; the young
and talented daughter of Mrs. Lucy
Stone and Henry B. Blackwell. Your
space and my time would fail if I ventured
to pursue names further and still the Boston
women journalists—Mrs. Sallie Joy White,
Mrs. A. M. B. Ellis and Miss Josephine Jen
kins, of the Herald ; Miss Grace Soper, of
the Journal -, Miss Minerva Caroline Smith,
of the Advertiser Mi's. Washburn, of the
Globe-, Miss Twombly, a keen art critic
and able correspondent, aud others I wish
space permitted me to name, are each, in
her special line, doing worn that is full of
value to their respective journals, full of
interest to the public, that must be, I am
sure, a means of that constantly growing
happiness to themselves that all work, earn
estly done, cannot fail to give. Nearly,
perhaps, quite all. the journalists I mention
not only contribute this quota to the spe
cial journal on which they are engaged, but
are also writers of poems, stories and
charming corresjiondenee, or contributors to
magazines or authors of books.
“Journalism offers > them a field full of
charm, of possibilities for constant intellec
tual culture forgetting good by doing good.
What more can we as women who hold
some higher ideal aims amid all our real
work ask i To me, as I see the happy, ever
growing, ever-gladdening lives, Journalism
seems full of infinite possibilities for the no
ble living, and I feel toward it much as
the young couple did toward their blue
China, 1 long to live up to it.”
Boston is the paradise of newspajrer
women. Miss Grace Soper, who is a clever
editorial writer on the Boston Journal,
expresses satisfaction with her work and a
genuine liking for it. Minna Caroline
Smith, of the Boston Advertiser, is a
plucky Western girl who was fora long
time on the Chicago Inter-Ocean. She,
too, likes newspaper work and succeeds in it.
Olive Logan never attempts to conceal her
enthusiasm for her vocation. The last time
I saw her she said:
“1 like newspaper work because I like
newspaper iieople. Of all men they are the
most genial, the most kindly, the most in
ch ned to good comradeship. I like it, too,
lieeause it brings me iu touch with women.
I am interested in all that interests women,
and I like to write for them and to them.”
Miss Mary L. Booth, the editor of Harp
er's Bazar, puts as the requisite for a wo
man’s success in journalistic work, the
ability for continuous effort. She herself
keeps daily office hours, from 1) until 4, and
for nineteen years, that is, from the dav of
the foundation of the periodical, she bad
not taken more than two weeks’ vacation at
a time until her European outing of this
summer. She says:
“Like woman’s work, editorial work is
never done and the planning, of which it
very largely consists, goes ou night and day
Mrs, Eliza Archard Conner, second in
command to Gertrude Garrison on the
American Press Association, Now York,
says that she received but $lO for her first
six months’ newspaper work, but that a
woman who has a none for news ami news
paper instincts can succeed if she perseveres
and makes a place for herself. Mrs Laura
C. Holloway, for years on the staff of the
Brooklyn Eagle, liked newspaper work so
well that since her graduation into maga
zine work and book writing, she lias con
tinued to do more or less journalistic work,
Of the outlook for newspaper women and
tSeir prospects in the immediate future, a
newspajier •.uin, the managing editor of a
city daily, tolls me:
“1 am fully convinced that women will do
a much greater proportion of the newspaper
work of the future than they uro doing of
to-day's. There is no reason why ainiut
one-third of the editorial and reportorial
staff of any city daily should not be women.
Under the present conditions of the news
paper trade the managing ixiitor, the city
editor, sporting editor and many of the re
porters are necessarily men, but women
would do equally well as editors-in-chief
(witness Mrs. Nicholson, of the New Orleans
Picayune’), dramatic, literary and art crit
ics, as editorial writers, ns managers of
‘Home’ and 'Fashion' depart ments, us writers
upon such s|>oeial topics as islucational and
charitable work, religious news and foreign
occurrences, as reporters of sermons, lec
tures and concerts, lawsuits in the higher
courts, weddings, parties, and all funerals
except those of prize fighters and famous
thieves. They could and will cull extracts
and do most sorts of editorial lrnek work,
for which their juttiencu mid thoroughness
would qualify them. I .Ixtlieve I have not
named hi this list a single place whieh bus
not to my own knowledge Ihnii tlllisl uecep
j tablv on some !iews|>u|>cr bv a woman.
The quality of the work done is u qu -stioil
iof individuals, not of sex. Home women
j would do better newspaper work than the
j averuge man; some not so g<sl Those who
do in it work up Ui the averuge have not cn
j tens! the prolessiou as yet to any extent. I
, think I know of one or two, but not many.
; liven the*,, are not liable to get drunk o,i
| pay day." K P 11.
Ms Hosisjs Jsnssuik, rlilaf magistrate of
| llerod* who is suw m Kogiunl Is sluing s
work osiulniiig portraits soil U.ogtsphlesl
xlo-lcle-s •it >lls'oigioslo- I llihlso sts'eslu* o 'file
run volume will i-okUmh s ineneor of |su<i lUif
I Isi io. Imi <1 n M ettmf/ eousl tof taogrsplnusof
I lii* st owi of Wsturs India
THE MORNING NEWS: MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1887.
COLD AND DRY
The Two Chief Characteristics of the
Washington, Sept. 25.— Following is the
i weather crop bulletin issued by the Signal
I Office for the weok ending Sept. 24:
During the week ended Sept. 24, the
weather has been colder than usual in dis
tricts east of the Mississippi and on the
North Pacific coast; the greatest departures
from normal occurring in the States border
ing on the lower lakes, on the South Atlan
tic aiul North Pacific coasts, where the
daily average temperature was about 2“
It was warmer than usual in Missouri and
the Lower Mississippi Valley, and thence
westward over the Rocky Mountains, the
daily excess ranging from l’to4' from
Texas northward to Dakota.
The temperature for the season from Jan.
1 to Sept. 24 was slightly below nor
mal from Northern New England
westward to the North Pacific coast
and South Atlantic States. It has
been warmer than usual in all other dis
tricts, the greatest departures occurring in
the Central valley, where the average daily
excess for the season ranges from F to 11,
while the average daily temperature for the
season, near Lake Superior and oil the
South Atlantic coast, was 1° to 4° below
A DEFICIENCY IN THE RAINFALL.
The rainfall for the week has been less
than usual, except in Louisiana, Mississippi
und Tennessee, and from Northern Ohio
westward over Northern Indiana, Northern
Illinois and lowa, where slight excesses are
reported. During the past four weeks less
than one-fourth of the usual amount of rain
has occurred in the wheat region from Mis
souri eastward over the southern portions
of Illinois, Indiana and Ohio, thus showing
a continuation of the drought in this region.
During the same period about 25 per cent,
of the usual amount of rain has occurred in
New England, and less than 25 per cent, in
the South Atlantic States and Virginia.
The rainfall in the western portions of the
wheat region and from Texas northward to
Dakota and Minnesota during the past four
weeks has l icon abundant and generally has
exceeded 90 per cent, of the amount for that
The same conditions will apply to the belt
of country extending from Lake Erie west
ward to lowa.
The rainfall for the season has been less
than usual, except in the central portion of
the Middle Atlantic States, at isolated Rocky
Mountain stations, and in Oregon anil
Washington Territory, where the rain
fall has been slightly greater than
normal. The large seasonal deficiency
in the Central valley has been augmented
during the past month. The area in which
this deficiency ranges from 10 to 18 inches
includes Northern Louisiana and Missis
sippi, portions of Alabama, Tennessee, Ar
kansas, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois and
The weather has been generally favorable
during the past week in the cotton region,
and the harvest of this crop is progressing
rapidly. The deficiency of rainfall in por
tions of Arkansas and Mississippi may re
duce the yield of this crop.
Reports from the greater portion of the
winter wheat region shows that the work
of preparing the ground is being retarded
on account of the continued drought.
Reports from Tennessee, the Middle At
lantic States, and New England show
weather favorable for crops, and
that seeding of wheat is in progress.
Reports from Kansas, Nebraska aiul the
western portions of Missouri and lowa in
dicate that the weather for the week was
favorable to growing crops.
Killing frosts occurred as far south as
Central Illinois, Northern Indiana, Ohio and
Michigan during the latter portion of the
Reports for the crop weather bulletin for
this season will be discontinued from this
date in all States excepting those within the
FROST NIPS TOBACCO.
Lynchburg, Va., Sept. 25.—There was a
frost throughout this section of the State
last night, and there are fears of great loss
in the tobacco crop, estimated at one-third
of the crop yet in the field.
HE KILLED THE CHILDREN.
Implicating the Woman He Was to
From the Philadelphia Times.
Lebanon, Sept. 28. —1n court here this
morning William Showers placed his neck
in the judicial noose by confessing to one of
the most horrible murders on record. He
implicates as his accessory the woman who
in a few days would have become his bride.
The entire confession was given under the
most dramatic circumstances. Showers
was a cigar manufacturer and farmer in a
small way at Annville, this county. He is
fifty-nine years old and a widower. He lived
alone in a two-story frame house with
his two grandchildren, Samuel and
Willie Speraw, small boys. Their mother
died about a year ago and he took them to
rear. He grew lonely and made a proposal
of marriage to Miss Betsy Sergeant, a spin
ster, aged 40, living near by. She told him
that she would not become his wife unless
he got rid of the boys. At length he con
sented to this, and prompted by her, he was
led to murder them. How he crawled into
their liedrooin at night and strangled them,
how he buried their bodies in a trench back
of his yard, how he told their neighbors
that he had indentured them to a farmer,
their suspicion, Mias Sergeant's purchase of
a silk dress for their wedding, Showers’
arrest and the finding of the bodies—this
has all been told.
AN UNEXPECTED CONFESSION.
To day was the time set down for the
trial. A great crowd gathered in the court
house. Hundreds crowded the streets.
Showers was brought into court weak from
the loss of blood. He had a hemorrhage of
of the ear and many believe that it was
the result of a self-inflicted wound. Show
ers was pale and nervous. He looked
scared as he saw a great crowd gazing
at him. Finally Judge McPherson was
handed a written statement. It con
sisted of five pages, and it proved
to be the confession of the infirm
and trembling murderer at the bar. No
one knew that he was going to confess. It
hud been kept an absolute secret. Betsy
Sergeant sat in the audience because she
had been assured that he would make a de
fense, and that everything would lie done to
save his life. Judge McPherson read the
paper over slowly and carefully, and his
face blanched at the fearful contents. The
court room was hushed in silence. Showers
cast his eyes to the floor. Later on lie was
asked to plead. He was told to stand up.
He did so meekly and humbly . more than a
thousand eyes upon him.
Then the indictments were read charging
him with the murder of his two grandsons.
Showers was then asked, "guilty or not
guilt v.” With a weak voice he answered,
"guilty," and trembling took his seat, while
a buss of excitement and satisfaction fol
lowed from the packed audience, craning
their necks toward him. The confession
was then handed the clerk of the court, who
BETSY KKBUEANT FAINTS.
Betsy Sergeant arose in the Hudionce.
gave u wail of desisuation and sank over
unconscious. In this condition she was car
ried out of the court room. lii his confes
sion Kbowers gives an account of when and
when- he met Miss Seargcant. She said
tint she would not. come to Im pluoe unless
the children wore away. He rontiuuiw:
"We were engaged to Is- married. I Imd
been everywhere, tiut couldn't get the chll
dren homes. Betsy was very min hex
! cited i Went there one evening and site
said: ‘We must work the children out of
the way.' It was very late in May, ami we
|so agreed Unit tile children should Ist
MTHAMOLED WHILE THEY SI.KI'I
lie goes on to tell how silo culoe to Ills
Ih i“ ini tb night of the murder. "I in uii
old la o lenr 1 had already dug the hole 111
j which the children were found in the gutter
j the evenintr before. The children were then
; already in bed. Sammy, the little one, slept
: up stairs and William down stairs with me.
j Then we went into the bed-room where
William was. I had a thick twine about as
j thick as a lead pencil and about a yard long.
I Willie was sleeping. I tied the twine around
| his neck more than once and choked him to
death. She carried the lantern and had
closed it so that no one should see it and I
carried the boy under my arm and put him
in the bole. Then we went up stairs. She
cm ried the lantern to give me light. There
was a little petticoat which I tied around
Sammy’s neck and strangled him. Then we
took him down.
BURYING HIS VICTIM.
“I carried him under my arm. She car
ried the lantern. There were currant stalks
at this hole, .and when I came there with the
little boy I stumbled over the stalks and the
Ixiy flew out of my hands against the wall.
I had to let him go or I would have fallen
into the hole. Betsy caught hold of my
back at the coat or I would have fallen in.
Betsy stood the lantern in the currant
bushes, opening it sufficient to give enough
light to cover the hole. 1 then covered it
up w ith the ground. Then we went up to
the house. On the way to the house I said:
‘ What will we do with the clothesThen
she said, 'These I would burn now.’
“After we put the clothes in the cook
stove I poured coal oil on them and they
were soon burned.” The blifcdy bed clothes
and child’s petticoat were shown in court by
Miss Sergent is under police surveillance
tonight. Showers is in jail and ail Le
banon and surrounding country is excited.
Threats of lynching are heard oil all sides
and it would only take a leader to organize
a mob and hang both Sowders and his ac
ESCAPED FROM SIBERIA.
The Thrilling Story of an Exile’s
Flight from Russia’s Penal Colony.
London, Sept. 22. —A Russian political
exile who recently made liis escape from Si
beria tells a thrilling story of his escape and
the hardships which he endured in his at
tempt to regain his liberty. He is a man of
about middle age, of pleasant, appearance,
and speaks English well, as most educated
Russians do. He gives his name as Baker—
a name which he assumed since his arrival
With numerous companions Baker was
sent into exile early in 1881 for complicity
in some plot against the Czar’s life, and im
mured within one of the Siberian interior
villages, surrounded by vast tracts of ice
and snow. Here the prisoners were left in
the keeping of a few guards, but they were
prevented from escaping far more effectually
by the fear of becoming the prey of the
fierce wolves, whose baying at night could
lie distinctly heard on all sides of the vil
lage. The idea and hope of escape never
leaves an exile’s mind, says Baker, and liis
one absorbing thought was how to reach
freedom, anil the hope of accomplishing
this remains with an exile until death. The
exiles were obliged to go into the forests
near by and cut what wood they used, and
it was by this very means that Baker suc
ceeded in eluding the vigilance of the guards
and in leaving the village.
One day while he and companion were
securing their supply of wood, they acci
dentally came upon a small opening, con
cealed by an evergreen tree, which led to a
good-sized cave. Here was a means of
escape. Without giving the details, which
Baker relates so fully, it is enough to say
that the two exiles kept the matter secret,
and removed day by day to the cave such
of their provisions as they could spare with
out exciting attention. When the cave was
stocked with food enough to last for some
time if frugally used, the men prepared to
take their departure and begin the hard,
doubtful struggle for liberty. So, one day,
they want out for wood, but did not return.
Of course search was made for them, and
the country scoured, but, having thrown
their pursuers off the track, the exiles lived
securely for nearly two weeks within sight
of their recent place of confinement. At
the end of that time they came out of their
hiding place and began a journey full of
hairbreadth escapes and shocking suffer
After innumerable dangers from wolves,
from Cossacks, from freezing and starva
tion, they finally reached civilization: but
Baker’s companion died soon after their
escajie from the effects of the terrible ex
posures he had endured. Baker says that
there’ is an organized movement on foot
among Nihilists to effect the escape of a
large number of prominent political exiles,
and that the arrangements for the accom
plishment of the plan are most extensive.
Nihilists in all parts of the world have con
tributed to the fund necessary to carry out
the design, which will soon be put into op
BEAN WAS A “BLIND.”
Surprising Developments in the Life
and Death of a Texas Millionaire.
Dodd City, Tex., Sept. 22.—1 t develops
that Thomas Bean, the dead millionaire of
Bonham, was not named Bean at all, but
that his name was Saunders, and that when
he died his negro servants stole the will to
get away with a lot of money. Letters
from Mississippi, also from prominent citi
zens of Gainesville and Bonham, confirm
the re|>ort that his name was Saundei's, and
that the name of Bean was assumed to
escape prosecution for n murder committed
in Mississippi many years ago. A man,
who was supposed to be his father, who
was Imriod some time ago under the name
of Bean was not his father at all, but a
man who was buried as a “blind” to con
ceal Bean’s true.naine. The man Saunders,
whoclaimed to be Bean’s brother, will be
in Bonham to-morrow to establish his claim.
His daughter, who is the wife of a farmer
in Lainar county, Texas, has been in Bon
ham and satisfied those with whom she com
municated that her claim was a just one. A
prominent citizen of Bonham, who requests
his name withheld at present, sav.s Col. Bean
years ago, told him the same story, that
Saunders reports now, and a further cor
roboration of it is from a prominent phys
ician of Gainesville. A life loug'friend of
Col. Bean, the physician writes, giv s the
same facts here givon to the citizens of Bon
ham. . Other citizens of Bonham say they
remember .Saunders and that he and
Col. Bean were frequently together in Bon
ham, Ban Antonio and other places. It was
known that Bean had about $70,000 in
money, and it is supposed that the negro
servants got this wealth and took the will
too, and it is rumored now that a negro of
Bean’s says ha knows where the will is and
will prodiica it when Saunders comes; that
the main fact.about Bean and Saunders are
recorded in tin- will. Bean owned almut
35,000 acres of land, worth millions of dol
lars. A relative named Thaddeus Bean,
from Washington, D, fsaid to lie a amein
on Bean’s mother’s side of the house, is in
Pensacola. Fla., Sept. 25,—The steam
er Cumberland, which is to run between
here mid Tampa, mention of which was
made in the News yesterday, arrived down
this morning from Milton, where she has
Isson mi the (locks for several days. She Ims
lx*.n thoroughly overhauled uud repaired.
She leaves for the above named port next
Mrs, Marie Ferguson, wife of Cajit. Alex
D. Ferguson, one of tlm oldest pilots on the
bar ana Commodore of the Bur Pilots’ As
sociation, died this morning. All of the
tug I outs in the |*>rt have their flags at half
mast out of respect for the deceased,
Hlieep that arc accustomed to a lnd will
run to it of their own accord when it rains,
and it is well that tiny should, says a writer.
Water never yet did a sheep good, exter
nally administer'*! No slus-p is In* batter
for a netting, but rather worse, no matter
what Hie 1 line of yeai The wool in a mail's
(*ml Is Injured by rain, and so, only to a
Ism degree, p tha|, is til* living fibre on
the shorn's itsi’k.
CAI-ASTHE LODGE AO. 2H, K. OF P.'
A regular meeting of this Lodge will gCSJX
be held THIS (Monday) EVENING at
The second rank will be conferred. V&gStj
Members of other Lodges invited to
attend. J. GARDNER, C. C.
W. Falconer, K. of R. and S.
DeKALB LODGE, AO. 9 I. O. O. F.
A regular meeting will be held THIS (Monday)
EVENING at 8 o'clock.
There will be an Initiation.
Menders of other Lodges and visiting brothers
are cordially invited to attend.
By order of H. W. RALL, N. G.
John Riley, Secretary.
WORKINGMEN'S BENEVOLENT A 880-
Attend special meeting at your Hall THIS
(Monday) EVENING, at eight o'clock. By order
THOMAS KENAN, President.
J. T. Fitzhenery, R. 8.
Savannah, Sept. 26th, 1887.
Advertisements inserted under “Special
Notices" will be charged 81 00 a Square each
MISS CUNNINGHAM will reopen her Kinder
garten on MONDAY, 17th OCTOBER, at her
residence, New Houston street, two doors west
All persons are hereby cautioned against har
boring or trusting any of the crew of the British
steamship WATJJNGTON, as neither the Cap
tain nor Agents will be responsible for any
debts contracted by them.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD, Agents.
All bills against the British steamship ALBA
NIA, Simmons, Master, must be presented at
our office by 12 noon THIS DAY, or payment
will be debarred.
RICHARDSON & BARNARD. Agents.
ARCADE OYSTER AND CHOP HOUSE.
The finest delicacies of NORTHERN AND
SOUTHERN MARKETS. NEW YORK OYS
TERS per every steamer. OPEN DAY AND
NIGHT T. H. ENRIGHT.
DR. HENRY S COLDINU.
Office comer Jones and Drayton streets.
THE MORNING NEWS
STEAM PRINTING HOUSE,
3 Whitaker Street.
The Job Department of the Morning News,
JOB AND BOOK PRINTING,
LITHOGRAPHING AND ENGRAVING,
BOOK BINDING AND ACCOUNT BOOK
is the most complete in the South. It is thorough
ly equipped with the most improved machinery,
employs a large force of competent workmen,
and carries a full stock of papers of all
These facilities enable the establishment to
execute orders for anything in the above lines
at the shortest notice and the lowest prices con
sistent with good work. Corporations, mer
chants, manufacturers, mechanics and business
men generally, societies and committees, are
requested to get estimates from the MORNING
NEWS STEAM PRINTING HOUSE before send
ing their orders abroad. J. H. ESTILL.
ULMER’S LIVER CORRECTOR.
This vegetable preparation is invaluable for
the restoration of tone and strength to the sys
tem. For Dyspepsia, Constipation and other
ills, caused by a disordered liver, it cannot be
excelled. Highest prizes awarded, and in
dorsed by eminent medical men. Ask for Ul
mer's Liver Corrector and take no other. $1 00
a bottle. Freight paid to any address.
B. F. ULMER, M. D.,
Pharmacist, Savannah, Ga.
1C E !
Now is the time when every
body wants ICE, and we
want to sell it.
20 Tickets, good for 100 Pounds, 75c.
140 Tickets, good for 700 Pounds, $5.
200 Tickets, good for 1,000 Pounds, $7.
50 Pounds at one delivery 30c.
Lower prices to large buyers
I O JK
Packed for shipment at reduced rates. Careful
and i>olite serv ice. Full and liberal weight.
KNICKERBOCKER ICE CO,
14:4: I3AII ST,
1563. ESTABLISHED 1 SOS
Estill’s News Depot,
No. 21 BULL STREET.
\FULL supply i>f all kimlx of Reading Matter
eoiiKianl ly on band. Any Book, Magazine or
Paper you may desire, which is not in stuck,
will bo promptly procured for you by laaving
your order. S|**clal attention given In the do
livery of llio SAVANNAH MORNING NEWS
Heed Oa t s,
Seed Rye, Seed Rye,
CORN, OATS, HAY’, BRAN, EKED MEAL.
Special prices on car lots.
APPLES, ONIONS, CABBAGE, POTATOES,
TURNIPS I.KMONS, FLORIDA ORANGES.
109 BAY ST,
W. D. 81MKIN8 CO.
Wednesday and Thursday, Sept. 28 and 29.
GRAND MATINEE THURSDAY.
FLORENCE J. BINDLEY.
One of America s Brightest Stars, Supported by
Boston's Favorite Young Actor.
Mr. James Horne,
And the Well-Known Comedian,
Mr. Otis Turner*,
And a Well Selected Company of Metropolitan
WEDNESDAY NIGHT Miss Bindley will appear
in Bartley Campbell's Great Success,
“A HEROINE IN RAGS.”
Thursday Matinee, 'EXCITEMENT," the Great
London Craze, with more laughs in less
time than anv other play in the world.
Thursday Night, "DOT; or, JUST FOR FUN,”
C. P. Brown’s great sensational drama.
Usual prices. Seats at Davis Bros.’ Sept. 2(5.
Next attraction. BARRY & FAY, Oct. 6.
Wait for the Fall and Win
ter Display of
Furnishings and Latest Shapes in
Hats at the Clothing Palace,
ARRIVING BY EVERY STEAMER.
While you wait, look over our bargains to
close out remaiaing Summer Suits and Medium
JAEGER SYSTEM SANITARY UNDER
WEAR AND OVERWEAR. Equal to anything
on the market and at lowest prices.
161 CONGRESS STREET.
B. H. LEVY & BRO.
We are pleased to announce that we are now
exhibiting samples from which to
make selections for
Clothing to Order,
and feel confident that this season will add
greatly to our already widespread popularity in
this branch of our business.
We are showing all the newest designs, colors
and textures of materials, the best productions
of foreign and domestic markets, and guaran
tee stylish, easy and graceful fitting garments,
thoroughly made, and at moderate prices.
We would advise the pi icing of orders with
us early, that the garments may be finished in
time. Although we have largely increased our
facilities in this department we may not be able
to keep pace with the demand later on.
If goods do not please in every particular our
customers are requested not to take them.
Satisfaction is guaranteed.
To our old customers we make the above an
nouncement, satisfied with the result.
Of those who have never dealt with us we ask
a trial. Respectfully,
NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION.
r T'HE firm of M. MENDEL & BROTHER has
A this day been dissolved by mutual consent.
M. MENDEL retiring.
J. MEN DEI, will continue the business, and
has associated with him Mr. MAURICE DEITSH
under the firm name of
MENDEL & DEITSH
which new firm is authorized to collect all out
standing debts due the late firm and sign the
firm’s name in liquidation.
Savannah. Ga., Sept. 24, 1887.
HAVING formed a copartnership under the
firm name of
MENDEL & DEITSH
aud purchased the interest of Mr. M. MENDEL
in the late firm of M. MENDEL <£ BRO., we re
spectfully inform our friends and the public
generally that we will continue said business at
the old stand, comer Bull and Bay streets, and
solicit their patronage, which has been so liber
ally bestowed upon the late firm. Re .liectfully,
A GRAND OPPORTONITY
TO BUY A
Good Paying Newspaper.
ONE of the best paying and liest Located coun
try newspapers in Georgia is offered for sale
at a bargain. Can be made to pay $3,500 to $4,000
per annum. No competition; gets patronage
irom two good towns and three large cities:
good reason for selling. Address W. E. M„ Box
111, Talbottou, Ga.
GRAIN AND PROVISIONS.
.A— 33. HULL,
Flour, Hay, Grain and Provision Dealer.
17'RESH MEAL and GRITS In white sacks.
Jv Mill stuffs of all kinds.
Georgia raised SPANISH PEANUTS, also
COW PEAS, every variety.
Choice Texas Rt and Host ( roof Oats.
Special prices car load lota HAY and GRAIN.
Prompt attention given .ill orders and satis
OFFICE, .’ ABKRCORN STREET.
WAREHOUSE, No. 4 WADLEY STREET, on
line Central Railroad.
PAINTS AND OIL'S.
JOHN G. BUTLER,
WHITE LEADS, COLORS, OILS, GLASS
" VARNISH. ETC.: READY MIXED
PAINTS; RAILROAD, STEAMER AND MILL
SUPPLIES. SAKIIES, DOORS. BLINDS AND
BUILDERS’ HARDWARE Hole Agent for
GEORGIA LIME, CALCINED PLASTER. CE
MENT, HAIR and LAND PLASTER
6 Whltako/ Street, Savannah, Georgia.
Hid ('IIKI.S MIHFIIV, Hid
House, Sign and Ornamental Painting
l/XKCUTED NEATLY and tth .lumau-h
I t Painu, Oils. VarnutlMw, llnikiu**, Window
IJIaMMO. etc,, ate. Ealliualsa funuanmi mi ap
CORNER CONGRESS AND DRAYTON STS.,
Rear ot OUrwt (‘meeli
IS the man who wears seven league boots. An
ancient fable reads: “Some day it would
come to pass’’—if this refers to Branigan'g
Pedalistic Motors, to monopolize the way ha
Much different or tackle a hedger. Straw grows
for everyone! Who doesn't know that: Some
merchants want all the earth contains, but
choke down something smaller. Now to tha
point; let out
Feast Upon These Offers
Misses’ and Children’s
SCHOOL HATS! SCHOOL HATS!
1887-8 SCHOOL HATS! 1887-8
10.000 MISSES’ and CHILDREN’S ELEGANT
FINE STRAW, BROAD RIM SAILORS
Trimmed with fine Satin Band and Streamer’
in Navy. Seal Brown and Mixed, sold by other
dealers at 50c., we offer the lot for
6,000 MISSES' and CHILDREN’S MILAN
STRAW BROAD RIM SAILORS, Trimmed
with fine Satin Band and Streamer, Edge and
Creton worked with silk Chenille, in Navy, Seal
Brown and Mixed colors, other dealers cry bar
gain at 75c,, we offer the lot at
Grand concentration of BARGAINS through
out our establishment,
138 Broughton Street.
C4S~' P. S. -Jlail orders solicited.
ELECTRIC LIGHTS AND MOTORS.
Arc and Incandescent Electric
Office of thf. Brush Electric Light and 1
Power 1 0.. Rooms 8 and 9 Odd
Savannah. Ga.. Sept. 1,1887. j
IUE are now prepared to furnish Arc and In-
T T candescent Lights. Buildings wired by
thorough Electricians in accordance with the
rules of the Fire Underwriters. Incandescent
Lights have many advantages over other modes
of lighting, some of which are the absence of
heat or smoke, the brilliancy and steadiness of
the light, no danger from fire.
We are also prepared to furnish Motive Power
in quantity from H. P. to 20 H. P. These
Motors recommend themselves to all persons
using power for any purpose.
We also furnish and put in Electric Annunci
ators, Door and Call Bells, Electric Gas Lighters,
etc. Employing only the best skilled labor, we
guarantee our work. Our office is in
Rooms 8 and 9 Odd Fellows Building,
where we invite the public to inspect the lights
and motor which will be in operation every
SAMUEL P HAMILTON,
NEW HOTEL TOGNI,
(Formerly St. Mark's.)
Newnan Street, near Bay, Jacksonville, Fla.
WINTER AND SUMMER.
THE MOST central House in the city. Near
Post Office, Street Cars and all Ferries.
New aud Elegant Furniture. Electric Bells,
Baths, Etc. $2 50 to $3 per day.
JOHN B. TOGNI, Proprietor.
DUB’S SCREVEN HOUSE.
r |''IIIS POPULAR Hotel Is now provided with
1 a Passenger Elevator (the only one in tha
city) and lias been remodeled and newly fur
nisned. The proprietor, who by recent purchase
is also the owner of the estaolishment, spares
neither pains nor expense in the entertainment
of his guests. The patronage of Florida visit
ore is earnestly invited. The table of the
Screven House is supplied with every luxury
that the markets at home or abroad call afford.
THE MORRISON HOUSE. -
One of the Largest Boarding Houses in uia
VFFORPH pleasant South rooms, good board
with pure Artesian Wator, at prices to suit
those wishing table, regular or transient accom
modations. Northeast corner Broughton and
Drayton streets, opposite Marshall House.
The Great Southern Portrait Company,
L. 13. IDA.VIS,
Secretary and Manager of the Great South
era Portrait Company.
\N inspection of samples of our Portraits at
our office, with Davis Bros., 42 and 44 Bull
street, will greatly interest those who contem
plate having small pictures of themselves, their
•friends, living and deceased, copied and enlarged
in OIL, WATER COLOR, INDIA INK, PAS
TELLE and CRAYON. We guarantee a per
fect likeness and excellence of work. We havo
about TWENTY DIFFERENT STYLES AND
GRADES IN SIZES OF ENLARGED POR
TRAITS from Bxloto 50x90, and our prices are
from $2 to S3OO each. EMPLOY FORTY ART
ISTS; been twenty-six years in the business;
have a 6,0.10 candle-power ELECTRIC LIGHT,
and are fully pie|mied with all projier expedi
tion and skill to execute all orders promptly
uud satisfactorily. We respectfully solicit vyur
orders. 1,. B. DAVIS,
Secretary and Manager The Great Southern
PLANT INVESTMENT COMPANY.
Offiuk of Chief Enoinkkr )
and Generai, Manager,
Savannah, Ga.. Sept. 3d, 1887’. 1
BIDS will lie received at this office until 12 .
SEPTEMBER dot h, for the construction of
that portion of in • Tltoinaaville, Tallahassee
and Munticello railroad extending front Thomas
villa, GeorgD, to the Florida State line Ail
cleurlng, grubbing, grading mid bridging will Is
let under one contract. profiles may Is* exam
ineil and full her information may Is- obtained
upon application at the Chief Engineer s office,
K.. F. ami W. Ry., Savannah, Ga, after Septem
ber 15ih. H. 8. HAINES,
( liief Engineer and Gen. Manager P. i. Cos,
PRINTER AND BOOKBINDER.
NICHOLS JOB PRINTING.
NICHOLS BLANK BOOKS.
NICHOLS -GOOD work.
NICHOLS —FINE PAPER.
NICHOLS -Low PRICES.
NICHOLS -wJU my m'mvv*