Newspaper Page Text
I ESTABLISHED 1850. )
1 J. H. EfeTILL, Editor and Proprietor. I
EUROPE’S RIVAL GIANTS.
A RUSSIAN STATEMENT OF THE
Austrian and German Railroad Facili
ties for Speedy Mobilization of
Troops Declared Much Superior
to Those of the Czar’s Empire—The
Bear Not to be Caught Off His Guard.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 15.—The Official
Military Gazette says:
Owing to the alarm raised by the Aus
trian press, in consequence of the transfer
of some Russian cavalry to the Warsaw dis
trict, it is advisable to consider the military
position of Russia and her western frontier
neighbors in orderto throw light upon the
question of who is really preparing to at
tack, and who for defense. During the past
live years the peace effective of the German
army has been increased sixty-five battal
ions and 304 guns. The German troops on
the Russian frontier have been increased
twenty-one battalions of infantry, twenty
seven batteries of artillery and fifteen
squadrons of cavalry.
Since 1878 Germany has built in
the Eastern Provinces 4,850 kilo
metres of railroads. There are eleven
German railroads, by means of
which troops can be forwarded to the Rus
sian frontier, and ten junction stations
where they can be rapidly thrown out of
trains and concentrated. Germany has
formed first-class fortresses at Thorn, Posen,
Dantzic and Koenigsburg, and is building
similar fortresses at Grandenz. Austria
has added nine to the twenty-three infantry
divisions which formerly constituted her ef
fective force, and would add, in the event
of the mobilization of the army, fourteen
landwehr or honked divisions. The Gali
cian j. arrisons have been re-enforced during
1887 ty eighteen squadrons of cavalry and
thirteen batteries of artillery, all provided
with a full complement of horses.
In the Austrian districts, which might
become the theatre of war with Russia,
4,500 kilometres of railroads, with four
branches, have been constructed since 1878.
Six Austrian railways are available for
throwing into Gaiicia large bodies of troops,
who* by means of new junction stations can
he placed in position on the Russian fron
tier. Military huts, depots and stores are
being collected at Lemburg, Przemysl, Jar
oslaw, Derobitza, Riascheff and other
points. The fortresses at Przemysl
and Cracow have been converted into
camp fortresses. Russian territory can be
bombarded from the Cracow forts. A large
quantity of rolling stock has been accumu
lated at Cracow, adapted for use on Russian
railways. All these preparations are mean
ingless, except in view of the offensive
tactics, and show that Austria, under the
semblance of defense, is, at the same time,
preparing to invade Russia simultaneously
with her ally.
WHAT RUSSIA is DOruc;.
But what is Russia doing in view of her
neighbors threatening preparation! Not
withstanding the manifest danger Russia
considers that a European war would be a
terrible niisfortuns to al! mankind. She
was the first, who, amid her neighbors’
feverish armaments, did not increase, but
decreased her defensive forces. In 1881 and
1883, Russia reduced her peace
effective nearly 100,000. True,
she raised it again in consequence of the
Afghan r. flair and the necessity of improv
ing her readiness to mobilize when her
neighbors in the same period have raised
their peace effective 75,000.' Doubtless
Russia, in the event of war, will assemble a
mighty army, the concentration of which,
on the frontier, will be incomparably more
difficult for her than will be the concentra
tion by her neighbors of their forces at the
THE WORK OF TEX TEARS.
During the last ten years 3,828 kilometers
of railway have been constructed in the
western provinces of Russia. In the Ger
man and Austrian eastern provinces during
the same period 0,300 kilometers have been
built Moreover the area in which Russia
lias constructed railways, is twice as large
as that in which her neighbor have built
such lines. 4 Russian railways nowhere pass
outside the defense linos of a
triangle formed by St. Petersburg,
Warsaw and Odessa. Our neighbors' lines,
however, run straight out to the Russian
frontier. It is easy to understand that they
are not constructed for advanced posts, but
for the concentration of troops. A glance
if the map will suffice to show that a close
network of railways covers the district
along the Russian frontier, compared with
an insignifu ant number of railways that
Russia can rely upon. Not only from Ger
many but from the Austrian frontier the
Russian frontier is menaced with rapid in
THE MOST EFFECTIVE COURSE.
The most effective measures against this
danger would be to extend Russian railways
until they attain the proportions of those of
our neighbors. But for this enormous ex
pense time is required, and therefore there
is only one course—to improve cur defenses
and fortresses and increase the number of
troops on the frontier, and thereby guard
against a surprise. Our neighbors’ in
creased military preparations in 1886
compelled Russia to devise counter measures,
which will be gradually executed. The
transfer of a few cavalry regiments on the
Vistula might certainly lie made a pre
text, to excite the press and public opinion
to charge Russia with warlike intentions.
The German and Austrian military author
ities understand the defensive character of
CAN DO A LITTLE CALCULATING.
They can calmly calculate how many
corps Russia will have to send to the fron
tier while peace is undisturbed, so that after
concentrating at any given point the forces
and means ut her disposal might suffice to
place Russia on a footing of equality with
ner opponents. They can also calculate
the strength of the forces with which,
in the event of war, Russia could
lie rapidly invaded. They can still hope by
sudden action to win comparatively cheap
laurels, but high Russian military officers
who do not fear the ultimate issue of a con
ffi't, even if the whole forces of the peace
league moved out against Russia, neverthe
less openly recognize that defense of Russian
territory is not yet assured, and if the
peace league considers itself justified
in developing its defensive measures
as far as to bring certain Russian districts
under range of the guns of its most ad
vanced forts, Russia has an undoubted
right to provide for her defense, and to take
every measure to ild her honor and
maintain the in,i'*li,rulty of her territory.
MOSCOW’S UNIVERSITY TROUBLES
Referring to the trouble at Moscow Uni
versity, the Messenger says: “The lectures
at the university were suspended inconse
quence of the students having as
saulted an inspector at a conceit,
other students sided with the assailant, and
made arrangements for an unauthorized
meeting, which, however, was supprersed.
Many of the students were arrested ami
sent Into exile. Fresh trouble was caused
by a report that two students bail died
from the effects of injuries received while
the police were engaged in restoring order.
Despite the denial of this rumor, the stu
dents absented themselves from their classes
and ignored the authority of the university
THE EFFECT IN AUSTRIA.
Vienna, Dec. 15.—The article which ap
pears in the St, Petersburg Military Gazette
to-day on the military movements of Rus |
sia and her neighbors' lias excited great at
tention here. In official circles the opinion
is expressed that the article will cause no
change in the attitude of Austria. The
government, it is believed, be
fore taking actively responsive measures
of defense will wait to see whether Russia
continues her threatening military prepar
ations. A long interview during the week
between Count Kalnoky and the German
Ambassador led to accord between the two
governments on the decision of the Austrian
The serious character rf the situation has
never been underestimated in Austrian offi
cial circles. The government has never
been unmindful of the duties which the
German alliance imposes, anil in the face of
Russian armaments the authorities have
never for a moment been idle. But the gov
ernment is anxious to avoid as long as possi
be, measures capable of being in
terpreted by Russia as fact,
of provocation. Preparations are com
plete for the dispatch of re-enforce
ments of cavalry to Galicia in the event of
fresh movements of Russian troops. The
erection ot' huts is now proceeding actively
along the line of defense. Timber which
has been lyiqg in readiness since spring is
being utilized, and accommodations for re
enforcements will soon be provided.
Herr Von Tesse, the Hungarian Premier,
has been summoned to Vienna to attend a
meeting of the Council of Ministers. It is
reported that the Council will discuss the
best means of obtaining funds in the event
of further military measures being neces
WRITTEN AT THE CZAR’S ORDER.
London, Dec. 15. —It is reported that the
article published in the St. Petersburg
Military Gazette yesterday on Russian
military movements was written at the
Czar’s command by Gen. Krapotkine of
the grand general staff. The article has
created a bad impression throughout
The Chamber Votes the Appropria
tions Asked by the Government.
Paris, Dec. 15. The declaration of the
Ministers was read in the Chamber of Dep
uties to-day. It declares that the Cabinet’s
sole ambition is to continue the work of
concord begun on Dec. 3. The country will
perceive that this policy will insure a pledge
of internal peace.
The declaration cites military, financial,
economic, administrative and social meas
ures that the government will submit;
promises retrenchment in expenditures;
measures for the repression of frauds injuri
ous alike to the Treasury and to French
trade; bills dealing with responsibility for
accidents in workshops and factories, and
regulation of the hours of labor of children
and women; bills providing for
a superannuation fund for miners, and bills
relating to benefit, societies, savings banks,
organized poor relief in rural districts, and
for the extension of agricultural education.
Finally the declaration demands a united
Republican vote on the ministerial scheme
of military legislation. The reading of the
declaration was received with indifference.
At a meeting of Radicals and Extremists
yesterday it vas decided to withhold their
votes from any measure implying confidence
in the ministry. M. Leßoy, in his inaugu
ral speech as the speech of the Radical Left,
clearly indicated that his idea of Republican
concentration was realization of a large por
tion of the Radical programme..
The Chamber of Deputies by a vote of
521 to 13 passed the appropriations asked by
M. Wilson has resolved to retain his seat
in the Chamber of Deputies.
IRELAND'S HARD FIGHT.
The Poor Law Guardians of Kildyhart
Defy the Government.
Dublin, Dec. 15.— United Ireland de
clares that the government has secured
Mgr. Persico’s aid in restraining Irish
priests from offering opposition to the
government, who as an equivalent will
endow a Catholic university, re
ceive a papal envoy ana send
an ambassador to the Vatican.
THE PEKSICO STATEMENT REPEATED
The Cork Examiner makes a statement
similar to that of United Ireland regard
ing Mgr. Persico, and says it has the highest
authority for its assertion.
At the trial of Mr. Slieehy, Member of Par
liament to-day the defendant's solicitor
called an opposing witness a perjurer, and
declared that the Magistrates were sug
gesting the answers the witness should
give. The solicitor’s language caused a
great sensation, and the court adjourned to
consider how to deal with his contempt.
The Board of Guardians of Kildyhart
have resolved to grant the use of the lioard
room for the meeting of the national
league, in defiance of the police authorities.
A meeting will be held with locked doors.
London, Dec. 15. —A mass meeting of
dissenting ministers of England, held at
Manchester to-day, protested against the
action of the British government in rela
tion to Ireland.
No Dangerous Symptons.
San Remo, Dec. 15. —After examining
the Crown Prince’s throat, Dr. Mackenzie
declared that he found no dangerous symp
Drs. Herader, TCrnuss and Hovel have
issued bulletins concerning the condition of
the Crown Prince, in which they say that
during the last few weeks the inflammatory
symptoms in the larnyx have entirely dis
appeared. The surface tumor itself ap
pears to be partly cauterized and partly
covered with flat growths, which have a
tendency to increase. The patient’s gen
eral condition is undisturbed.
Voted the Freedom of London.
London, Dec. 15.—The corporation of the
city of London to-day voted the freedom of
the city to the Marquis of Harrington in
recognition of his services in defense of the
empire. The Gladstoniau members of the
corporation opnosed the movement. The
formal vote showed a meagre minority.
Jurisdiction of Courts.
Washington, Dec. 15.—The bill intro
duced by Senator Coke to-day to limit the
jurisdiction of United States Courts, pro
vides that the Circuit Hnd District Courts of
the United States shall not take original
cognizance of any suit of a civil nature be
tween a corporation organized under the
liws of any State or the citizen of any
State in which the corporation at the time
of the action may have l<een carrying on
any business, except in patent or copyright
To Become Presidential Offices.
Washington, Dec. 15. —The following
fourth-class post offices will become Presi
dential offices Jan. 1: Biloxi, Miss.; Day
ton, Tenu., and Christianaburg, Va.
SAVANNAH, GA., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1887.
A GREAT FLOOD IN CHINA
THOUSANDS OF LIVES LOST AND
People Huddled Along the Banks of
Yellow River Crying For Bread
Over 7,000 Square Miles of Once
Fertile Land Submerged by the
San Francisco, Dec. 15.—The steamship
City of Sydney arrived this afternoon from
Hong Kong and Yokohoma. Chinese papers
give details of a disaster occasioned by the
Yellow river overflowing its banks in the
province of Honan, and describe it as one
of the most appalling occurrences in the
loss of life and property recorded in recent
times. The river broke its banks on
the evening of Sept. 28 southeast of the city
of Chingchow and completely inundated
that city and other populous cities. The
whole area is now a raging sea ten to thirty
feet deep, where it was once a densely
populated and rich plain. The former bed
of Yellow river is now dry and the present
lake was the bed of the river centuries ago.
Tiie loss of life is incalculable and a state
ment is made by missionaries that millions
of Chinese are homeless and starving.
A PICTURE OF MISERY.
Thomas Paton, one of the American mis
sionaries, writing from the province of
Honan under date of Oct. 28, says: “The
newly gathered crops, houses and trees are
all swept away, inyolving fearful loss of
life. Bread, broad, is the cry Of thousands
who are on the rivor bank. Benevolent
people go in boats and throw bread among
the masses hero and there, but it
is nothing compared with the requirements.
The mass of people is still being increased
by continual arrivals even more hungry
than the last. There they sit stunned,
hungry and dejected, without a rag to wear
or a morsel of food. Mat huts are being
erected for them. What it will be in two
months I cannot .conceive. The misery is
increased owing to the bitter cold weather.”
A TERRIBLE TITLE.
Yellow river has long been known as
China’s sorrow and the present disaster has
served to reassert its right to the terrible
title. As yet the details of the disaster are
very meagre. It has occurred in the dis
trict where but few foreigners are, and the
reports furnished by the officials
and published in the Peking
Gazette, c nvey a very inad
equate account of the extent of the loss
of life and property and the sufferings of
the survivors. The Governor in Honan re
ports to the throne that nearly all the peo
ple have been drowned in the district
reached by the water, the survivors being
those who escaped to the high ground or
took refuge in trees, where they remained
till they were rescued. The extent of ground
swept over by the overwhelming flood,
given in English figures, is over 7,000 square
miles, and the land thus submerged formed
part of one of the richest and most densely
populated plains of Northern China.
The Cost of Collecting' Them to Be Ma
Washington, Dec. 15.—A reduction in
the expense of collecting the customs reve
nue has been determined upon and a plan
prepared by Assistant Secretary Maynard
lias been approved by Secretary
Fairchild, and will be put into ef
fect. Mr. Maynard summarizes the
plan as follows: “There are now
139 collection districts in the United States.
In 64 of these the revenues are much less
than the expenses. For instance, there are 44
districts in which the total collections do not
exceed $5,000, while 20 exceed $5,000, wh.le
the expenditures aggregate $95,000. In the
other 20 nun-self-supporting districts thecol
lections are less than $25,000, and the ex
penditures amount to $45,000. The expen
ditures of these offices will
be reduced by $115,835 a year,
principally by dismissals and
also by reductions of salary in several in
stances. Orders for these changes to
take effect with the beginning of the new
year have already been issued. They have
been made gradually and with due regard
to the interests of what the service re
Among the points affected and the points
of reduction are the following: Alexandria,
Va., $1,575; Apalachicola, $2,151; Beaufort,
N. C., $1,427; Beaufort, S. C., $688;
Fernandina, Fla., $1,321; Georgetown,
S. C., $835; Cherrystone, Va., $3,562;
Petersburg, Va., $3,085; Pamlico, N. C.,
$2,198; Jacksonville, Fla., $1,690; St.
Augustine, Fla., $725; Rappahannock, Va.,
$707; Brunswick, Ga., $3,336; Albemarle,
N. C., $1,132; St. Marks, Fla., $2,314; Wil
mington, N. C., $ik800; Mobile, A1a,53,925;
Shieldsboro, Miss.,' $1,096.
GOES MAD IN A THEATRE.
Miss Annie Horton Becomes Insane
Under Sensational Circumstances.
Washington, Dec. 15. —During the per
formance of "Article 47” by Clara Morris
at the Grand Opera House to-night the play
was interrupted by a scene which recalled a
famous shooting case in this city some six
or seven years ago. Seated in the midst of
the large'audieiu'e was Miss Annie Horton,
great-granddaughter of John C. Calhoun,
who is now an employe of the Post Office
Department. Several years ago this
young woman went to the Treasury
Dojiartment, where George Morgan,
sou of Senator Morgan, of Alabama, was at
his desk, and calling the young man out in
the street fired at him repeatedly with a re
volver. The shots, however, inflicted only
a slight wound, and the young clerk refused
to prosecute her. At the end of the first act
of Article 47” to-night, where Miss Morris,
as the creole girl, TJora, is shot by her
lover, George Duhamel, Miss Horton be
came violentlv insane. She had to be taken
from the theatre by the police.
The Gordon-KUbourno Nuptials.
Washington, Dec. 15.—Frank Gordon,
son of Gov. Gordon, of Georgia, and Miss
Georgia Louise Kilbourne, daughter
of Hallet Kilbourne, of this city, were
married at St. John’s Episcopal church in
this citv at high noon to-day in the mesenoe
of a large and brilliant assemblage of
Miss Gordon and Miss Williams were the
bridesmaids. Representative Gaines and
Mr. Seachary, of Georgia, were among the
ushers. There was a fashionable audience
in attendance. A reception at the Portland
followed. There were many handsome
presents. Mr. and Mrs. Gordon will visit
Atlanta on their tour, going first to New
York. They will live here.
The Government and the Sub-Tropical.
Washington. Dec. 15.—The joint resolu
tion introduced by Senator Call to-day
authorizes the several Executive Depart
ments to loan government articles or ma
terial to the Industrial, Agricultural and
Horticultural Exposition of the Southeast,
to be held at Jacksonville, Fla. It also
authorizes the Commissioner of Agriculture
to obtain fruits, shrubs and plants for the
use of the Exposition, and appropriate*
therefor $5,000. ,
Senator Plumb’B Resolution to Bring
Washington, Dec. 15. —In the Senate to
day the resolution offered several days ago
by Mr. Plumb was taken up, directing the
Attorney General to investigate the issue of
a patent to Magnus Swenson last October
in connection with the manufacture of
sugar from sorghum, and if invalid to com
mence suit to have the patent cancelled.
The point is that Swenson was an employe
of the Agricultural Department while
making the experiments out of which the
Mr. Plumb hoped that the resolution
would be adopted as the question involved
was a very important one. The resolution,
he said, did not imply any censure on the
Commissioner of Agrieultur who had been
very zealous, and active in all matters rela
tive to the development of the sorghum
Mr. Edmunds moved reference of the
resolution to the Committee on Patents.
After discussion by Messrs. Edmunds,
Plumb, Saulsbury, Riddlebergor.Call, Hoar,
Gray, Butler, Teller, George, Hawley,
Beck, and Sherman, the motion to
refer was rejected, and the resolution
TEXT OF THE RESOLUTION.
Resolved, That the Attorney General he re
quested to investigate the issuance of letters
patent to Magnus Swenson, of the date of Oct.
10. 1887, and if in his judgment the same is in
valid on any ground, or was procured by reason
of information obtained from experiments
made by the government, and if, in liis judg
ment, suit can be maintained in the naino of the
United States, to commence such suit promptly
to have the same canceled or use of the same
by said Swenson or any oue claiming under
him, perpetually enjoined.
Mr. Butler offered a resolution, which
was adopted, directing the Judiciary Com
mittee to inquire and report whether, In the
present state of the law, the government
has power or the Attorney General of the
United States authority to institute judicial
procedings to vacate a patent for an inven
tion on any ground whatever.
CERTIFICATES FOR COIN.
Senator Stewart’s Bill Referred to the
Committee on Finance.
Washington, Dec. 15. —The Senate to
day took up the bill introduced by Mr.
Stewart last Monday, to provide for the
issue of coin certificates to circulate as
money, and was addressed by that Senator
in explanation and support of the bill. The
purport of th*bill is to allow a deposit at
any mint or assay office of gold and silver
bullion in quantities not less than
five ounces of gold or eighty ounces
of silver, and give in receipt therefor coin
certificates which are to be legal tender; to
have existing gold and silver certificates
canceled when received at the Treasury;
to have no gold coined hereafter except, as
necessary to redeem obligations expressly
payable in coin; to have the bullion receiv
ed under this act melted into bars and de
posited in the Treasury, and to repeal the
act of Feb. 28, 1878, requiring the coinage
of two million silver dollara monthly. At
the close of Mf. Stewart’s remarks riio bill
was referred to the Committee on Finance.
The Senate then after a brief secret session
adjourned till Monday.
THOEBB VS. CARLISLE.
The House Committee on Elections
Holds Its First Meeting-.
Washington, Dec. 15.—The House Com
mittee on Elections organized and held its
first meeting to-day. All of the members
were present, except Messrs. O’Neill, of
Indiana, and Houk, of Tennessee. The
first business was the selecting of the clerk,
and W. H. Mobiley, of Georgia, was chosen
for the place. A sub-committee on proced
ure was appointed, consisting of Messrs.
Crisp, O’Ferrall and Lyman. Almost
without discussion the committee re
solved to take up the Thoebe-Carlisle
contested election case, and notices will he
issued to the contestants or their attorneys
to appear before the committee at its next
meeting, when the rime for beginning con
sideration of the case will be fixed. The
committee adjourned to next Tuesday. Be
yond a general desire to speedly dispose of
the Thoebe-Carlisle case there was no inti
mation during to-day’s proceedings of the
order in which the contested election cases
now before the committee will be consid
RECEIVERS OF RAILROADS.
A Bill to Prohibit the Borrowing of
Money Beyond Their Earnings.
Washington, Dec. 15.—1n the Senate
to-day Mr. Call introduced a bill to prohibit
United States Judges and courts from au
thorizing the borrowing of money by re
ceivers of railroads and other corporations
beyond the amount of their Annual net in
come. Also, to prohibit the appointment
of such receivers without evidence of the
financial condition of the company. Ho
moved their reference to the Committee on
Interstate Commerce,an iit was so ordered.
Convention of the Postmasters.
Washington, Dec. 15. —At the Postmas
ters’ Convention this morning one delegate
from each State represented was appointed
as a national committee. The commit tee to
draft and take charge of a bill to bo pre
sented to Congress was appointed as fol
lows: Arthur D. Markley, of Pennsylvania,
chairman; M. E. Sprague, of Vermont;
(teorge H. Flaggat, of West
Virginia; E. J. Clark, of New York, and
Frank E. Fitzsimons, of Rhode Island. The
convention then adjourned subject to the
(all of the national committee.
Salary for Poore’s Widow.
Washington, Dec. 15.—1n the Senate to
day, after the introduction of several bills,
a resolution was reported by Mr. Haddock,
from the Committee on Contingent Ex
penses, to pay to the widow of the late Ben:
Perley Poore a sum equal to six months’
salary of his posit in as clerk to the Senate
Committee on Printing ($1,100). It was
Complains of Discrimination.
Washington, Dec. 15. —The Interstate
Commerce Commission to day gave a hear
ing in the case of William 11. Heard, a col
ored minister, living in Charleston, S. C..
who complains that the Georgia Railroad
Company, June is, 1887, compelled him to
ride in a coach of inferior accommodations,
although he bad a first-class ticket.
May be Minister to Mexico.
Washington, Dec. 15.—The Star to
night says: “It is said that ex-Congressman
McKenzie of Kentucky, Is to be appointed
Minister to Mexico. He has been heartily
indorsedby the Democrats of Kentucky,
and his friends believe he will get the ap
Washington, Dec. 15.—The Senate Com
mittee on Commerce to-day appointed
Messrs. Kenna, Vest, Coke, Oullom and Pal
mer a ub committee to wh>-iu shall be re
ferred all executive nominatiems which may
require any investigation.
A CENTURY OF LAW.
AN ADDRESS BEFORE ALABAMA'S
Judge John F. Dillon, of New York,
the Speaker of the Day Some of the
Changes of the Past Hundred Years—
The Growth of Legal Literature.
Montgomery, Ala., Doc. 15.—The State
Bar Association met here to-day, with a
large attendance. Judge John F. Dillon, of
New York, delivered the annual address,
which was received with enthusiastic ap
plause. He said that as this is the centen
nial year of the adoption of the Federal
constitution he had selected as his subject
“A Century of American Law."
After a retrospect of the general situation
and coming to view the condition of En
glish and American law 100 years ago, he
said it was at that time faithfully mirrored
in Blackstone’s Commentaries, the first
complete edition of which was published
just six years before the American revolu
CHANGES OF A CENTURY.
After adverting to the baneful effects of
the fejdal system upon English law, part
of which only we had escaped, he noticed
the following changes upon subjects of gen
eral and permanent importance, within a
century: imprisonment for debt had been
abolished in both Great Britain and
America. In this legislation America
had led the nay. By way of contrast he
alluded to the modern liberal exemption
and homestead laws of several States and
of the national government. Under the
beneficent operation of the latter act more
than 100,000,000 acres of land had been en
tered by 820,000 heads of families. He next
adverted to the great and beneficial changes
made within the last fifty years in respect
to the rights of married women. The
principle of the American married women’s
protective acts was in 1870, and in 1882
adopted by the English Parliament.
OLD TIME CRIMINAL LAWS.
Referring to the criminal laws of En
gland 100 year* ago, he showed that at that
time near 200 offenses were capital folonies,
and that the laws were otherwise oppressive
and severe. They have lieen gradually
ameliorated, so that at this time only four
offenses are capitally punishable in England
and only two in this country. He noticed
the abolition of common law forms of
act ion and pleadings and changes made by
codes of procedure in this fcountry'nnd, by
the British judicature act of 1873 (adopting
the principle of the American codes), as
among the moat salutary reforms in law
Emendations in the law of evidence, by
which all persons including par
ties to the suit have been
made competent witnesses, were
regarded as a great improvement in legal
administration, in w hich England had led
the way arid we liHd followed. Idle growth
of corporations and of corporate litigation
was dwelt upon at length, anil statistics
given, showing that nearly half of modern
reported cases involve corporation law.
He next, traced the growth of legal liter
ature in this country. A century ago we
had no American books. In 1886 wo had
published 8,793 volumes of reports against
8,500 in England. Turning to the (■eiitury
to come, lie predicted various changes in in
ternational and municipal law, among
which would lie the abolition of literary
piracy, and systematic restatement of the
body of our laws. Ho appealed to the
young to take up this great work, and con
cluded by saying: • May hap some young man
hears me to-day, gifted beyond the common
lot with an eye couched to that wider and
higher sweep’that will take in all the con
structive possibilities of the rich and scat
tered materials of our laws, and be so for
tunate as to leave upon the massive, impo
sing, *ever advancing, but imperishable,
structure of our jurisprudence some visible
imprint, some embodied memorial of his
genius as well as of his labors.”
Why None ot Thom Have Been Acted
on by Wie Senate Yet.
Washington, Dec. 15.—The nominations
of Messrs. Lamar and Vilas, have not been
acted upon by the Judiciary Committee for
the simple reason that this Committee has
not met since they were referred to it. Mon
day is the regular meeting day of the
Judiciary Committee. It may not take
up these nominations until then. Mean
while the Finance Committee, which has
agreed to report favorably Secre
tary Fairchild’s nomination will re
port it, hut the Post Office Com
mittee, which has agreed to report Don W.
Dickinson's nomination as I’ost Master Gen
eral, will withhold its re[R>rt and so
there will ho no complications
? rowing out of the confirmation of Mr.
lickinson, while the others sire still pending.
Mr. J<anmr is the only one whose confirma
tion is at all doubted, and it is not really
doubtful. The Judiciary Committee will
probably report in his favor, but even if it
does not be will be confirmed. It will only
take two Republican votes to do this, and
he can command half a dozen.
RANDALu AND THE REVENUE.
How He Proposes to Reduce It SBO,-
000,000 Per Year.
Washington, Dec. 15.—Mr. Randall has
developed his plan of tax reduction. In
c nversation with his Lieutenant yesterday
and to-day, he proposes to reduce taxes
$60,000,000 a year, taking $30,000,000 off to
bacco, and $10,000,000 off sugar, and $lO,-
000,000 off other imports. The understand
ing is that the Louisianians would consent
to the reduction on sugar, in the fear that if
they do not, a greater reduction may be
made. Mr. Randall’s Republican allies are
as anxious for the reduction in the sugar
duty as they are for the repeal of the tobac
co taxes. _
His Physicians Look Upon His Condi
tion as Very Serious.
Scranton, Pa., Dec. 15.—Mr. Powder -
ly’s condition to-night is regarded as critical
by his physicians. He was seized with an
other hemorrhage this afternoon. It is now
kr.owu tint since his return to his home
here he has slept vory little, and is
very nervous and restless on that account,
and Is also very weak in consequence of
hemorrhages, lie also complains of severe
pains in his chest and abdomen. No one is
allowed to see him except his wife and his
Stolen Papers Recovered.
Chicago, Dec. 15. —Over $1,000,000 worth
of valuable papers and money were recov
ered this morning from the iron vaults in
the ruins of the Phelps, Dodge * Palmer
shoe factory, which was recently burned
Gov. Bodwell Dead.
HallowklL, Me., Dec. 15.—Gov. Bod
well died this morning. Ilis death was
caused by congestion of the lungs resulting
from exposure and over work.
FEDERATION OF LABOR.
Innumerable Resolutions on Various
Subjects Before the Convention.
Baltimore, Doc. 15. —The morning ses
sion of the American Federation of Labor
was consumed by the introduction of almost
innumerable resolutions on various subjects.
One was to boycott one W. L. Douglass, a
Another was a protest from the Cigar
Makers' International Union agains the re
duction of the internal revenue tax on to
The Ovstermen’s Union want repealed the
law prohibiting the taxing of oysters that
are not three years old.
The Progressive Tailors ask official in
dorsement for their label, and several trades
wunt Congress to pass a law that will pre
vent the employment of men enlisted in the
army or navy, in any capacity where skilled
lnbor can be used.
A dispatch was received by the conven
tion from the President of the International
Typographical Union, appointing W. L.
Oyster ns delegate to the convention
from the Union. Mr. Oyster was on Tues
day refused admission as representative
of the Federation of Trades of the District
of Columbia, and a long discussion arose as
to the propriety of admitting him to-day
even as a representative of the Typograph
ical Union. Mr. Oyster had some friends
on the floor, but his ho|*>s were again
crushed, as his appointment was hold over
until he could secure credentials bearing the
seal of the International Union, with the
signature of the President and (Secretary,
which could not be obtained t his week.
The afternoon session was consumed by
consideration of the report of the Commit
tee onthe Constitution. An effort to draw the
line between skilled and unskilled labor was
stigmatized as the cause of the disintegra
tion ot the Knights of T,abor and the motion
to strike out the words “labor organiza
tions,” where it occurs in the constitution,
and use the term “trades unions” ex
clusively, was voted down.
A motion to compel all
organizations to obtain charters
from the federation one month before the
meeting of tbs convention occasioned con
sideraiile debate and warm opposition from
the representatives of the International
Typographical Union, who declared that
their old aud Influential organization would,
under no circumstances, come to the feder
ation for a charter, and it was amended to
read certificate of membership instead of
charter, and passed.
The question of equitable representation
was the cause of a long discussion. Some
delegates held that national aud interna
tional bodies only were entitled to a voice
in the affairs of the federation, while others
were of the opinion that Central
Labor Unions aud local trades
assemblies were the mainstay of
the lalior reform movement, and it
was voted that such organizations be al
lowed representation according to their
numerical strength, even though some
trades may tie indirectly represented by
delegates from their national body.
The publication of an official organ was
vote/1 against, and the substitution of a
quarterly circular was agreed upon.
A resolution increasing the President’s
salary from SI,OOO to $1,200 was agreed
Discussion as to the plan of assess
ments for relief in case of a strike
or lock-out, carried the convention
up to 7 o’clock, when an adjournment
was secured until to-morrow. The con-ti
tut.ion has not yet been adopted, and it is
now improbable that, the final adjournment
can be had before Saturday afternoon. The
delegates were to night entertained by the
Carpenters’ Brotherhood, of Baltimore.
GOTHAM’S SOUTHERN SOCIETY.
T. N. Page Speaks of the South as a
Subject for Literature.
New York, Dec. 15.— The New York
Southern Society held a banquet at Hotel
Brunswick to-night, which was attended by
about 300 representatives of Southern fami
lies. The event of the evening was the ad
dress of Thomas Nelson Page, of Richmond,
Va., on “The South as a Subject for
Literature.” He attributed the need of
literature in the South to lack of publishers
nnd to want of a reading public. Charles
ton and New Orleans were termed the lite
rary centres of the South. Previous to the
war all literary ventures except the South
ern Mrsrngitr had ended. After the war
a number of magazines were started.
Among the publishers were William Mur
phy. of Tennessee, M. E. Reno, Mrs. Mc-
Clelland, Richard Malcolm Johnson and
ALABAMA’S PROHIBITIONISTS. ,
Clinton B. Fisk Their Choice for the
Montgomery, Ala., Doc. 15.— The Ala
bama State Prohibition Convention met
here to-day. Delegates to the national con
vention were chosen as follows: J. C. Orr,
Z. A. Parker, L. F. Whitten, M. V. Henry,
F. J. Tyler, J. S. Glascoe, L. C. Coulson,
G. A. Loften, J. A. Anderson, 8. H. Dirnon,
G. P. Keyes, I. F Goldman, E. A. Stone,
F. 11. Pueblo. John T. Tanner, J. W.
Cooper, J. B. Gerald, C. L. Harwell, J. H.
Anaerson, and J. C. Wall. The attendance
was small. Resolutions were adopted fa
voring Clinton B. Fisk, of New Jersey, for
President, and J. T. Tanner, of Alabama,
for Vice President.
HIGHWAYMEM STOP A BTAGE.
The Four Pa*sengers Robbed of S6OO
and Two Gold Watches.
St. Louis, Dec. 15.—The stage running
between Little Rock and Carrollton, Ark.,
was robbed on its outward trip yesterday
near the half-way station by three men who
appeared suddenly from the thick woods.
The driver put the whip to the horses, aud
was only stopped by the robbers shooting
oDe of the horses. Four occupants of the
stage then were ordered out under cover of
revolvers. Six hundred dollars and two
gold watches were taken. The stage was
then allowed to proceed.
Havana, Dec. 15. —With the exception
of the employee of one fa.tory all the cigar
makers have resumed work, but the choos
ers in factories employing more than one
apprentice still hold out. Besides their ob
jection to the number of apprentices, they
also demand the dismissal of those opera
tives who refused to join the strike.
Pittsburg. Dec. 15.—A strike of 100 col
liers occurred at Grove City, Pa., on the
line of the Shenango and Allegheny Valley
road vesterday. A demand was made sev
eral days ago to arbitrate on the Columbus
scale. This the operators refused to do, and
the men wont out.
Death at Montezuma.
Montezuma, Ga., Dec. 15.—William H.
Harrison, Jr., died yesterday morning. He
was one of the most prominent young men
in the county. His death is a great loss to
this community. He leaves a wife and
babe <1 weeks old.
(PRICE6IO A YEAR I
\ SCENTS A COPY' f
A THIEF AS BOOK-KEEPER
HE STEALS $60,000 DURING A
PERIOD OF TWENTY-FIVE YEARS.
The Manufacturers’ National Bank ah
Philadelphia the Prey For His Pecu
lations—Ho Earned Only $1,400 Per
Year, But Had to Refuse Many
Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 15.—Joseph
Knight, bookkeeiior of the Manufacturers’
National Bank on Third street, aliove Mar
ket, was taken before United Btats Com
missioner Edwards, at 4 o’clock this after
noon, charged with stealing from the funds
of the bank between $(S0,000 and $70,000.
The officers of the bank discovered Knight's
deficiencies several weeks ago. They placed
the case in the hands of Pinkerton’s Agen
cy, and Knight .was arrested a few
days ago. The matter was kept quiet by
the bank until to-day. It is said that
Knight has been appropriating to his own
use the bank’s money for nearly twenty-five
years Knight lias iieen bookkeeper of the
Manufacturers’ Bank for thirty-five years,
and lias always been considered a tnist
John W. Moffly. President of the bank,
said that lie first discovered that the books
were being falsified on Dec. 9, the balance
sheet not coming out correct within about
WHY HE REFUSED PROMOTION.
President. Moffly said after the hearing
that Knight hail for years tieen one of the
most trusted officers of the batik. Although
he received a salary of but $1,4u0 per year,
his wife’s relations were known to be
wealthy, and no suspicion had been aroused
at the rather stylish maimer itt
which the embezzler had lived Sev
eral times Knight had been offered
promotion but he had declined to leave hi*
old position as he said that he was familiar
with his duties, and he did not care to taka
up others. Within two years past the
prisoner had tieen offered the cashiershipof
one of the new banks but lie had declined
the place, although the salary was several
times greater than that which he was re
ceiving. It is now evident why these offer*
had lieen declined. Had Knight left his old
position for one month certain disclosure*
and disgrace would have followed him.
WHERE THE MONEY WENT.
Mr. Moffly thinks that the money the de
fendant took from the bank was nsed in bis
ordinary household expenses aud in his
Knight is a tall, fine looking man, with
an aristocratic air and iron-gray side
whiskers. He is about 60 years of age. A
long, heavy gold watch chain was displayed
on the ample front of bis vest, and ije pre
sented a most prosfierojs and genteel ap
pearance. He has a wife and several grown
Knight has confessed that he began hi*
peculation* in Mr. Moffly explained
that the money was taken by the prisoner
directly from the depositors. When a lino
was formed there were often people who
were pressed for time or who did not want
to wait. Then they would ask Knight to
take it for them. This he would do and lie
entered it correctly on the ledger, but
wouldn’t report it to the teller.
Their National Convention Opened la
New York, Dec. 15.—Standards bearing
the names of the State* of the Union were
scattered through Chickering Hall at 10:36
o’clock this morning, when the doors were
thrown open for the first national Republi
can Club Convention. Under these
standards the delegates from the States
yrere seated. Fifteen hundred tickets wer*
is ued to delegates. The largest delegations,
saiil Mr. Hedges, came from New York,
Pennsylvania, Indiana, Ohio, Massa
chusetts, New Jersey, Connecticut and
Rhode Island. The Territories am
here (too. Ex Gov. Little head*
the Arizona delegation. At the rooms of
the Republican Club, in West Twentv-eighth
street, the Secretary, Henry Olea on, wel
comed several hundred callers before the
hour for the convention had arrived. After
11 o'clock the ball liegan to fill rapidly, aud
at 11:40 o’clock Joseph Poll, Chairman ot
the Committee on Organization, called the
convention to order.
OBJECT OF THE COMVENTION.
After a long contest, involving the call of
the roll, the convention chose Mr. Ryan, of
Ohio, temporary chairman by a vote of 159
to 154, oyer Gen. N. Goff, of West Virginia.
Mr. Ryan, on taking the chair, briefly
announced the object of the conven
tion to I* to reorganize the clube
of the country into a permanent organiza
tion ; and to boom the Republican party,
and not any one in it.
The work of selecting the list of Secreta
ries and Vice-Presidents was so slow that
the convention adjourned until to-morrow.
The delegates held a public meeting this
evening in Cooper Union at which John R.
Lynch, of Mississippi, was the principal
AN ELECTION RIOT.
Rival Parties at Jamanivo Enliven th
St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 15.—Advices jusl
received from Jnmanive, in the southern
part of the State of Texas, state that there
was much trouble there and a riot during
the elections. One of the parties opened
the polls, when the others began
fight. At each of the polls there was *
pitched battle and the ballot boxes were
overturned or destroyed. Eight men were
killed and-over forty wounded. The resuß
Is t hat the old Mayor will hold over for an
Anniston’s Site Was at Stake.
Montgomery, Ala., Dec. 15.—The
suits itisituted bv L. Campbell, of
Pensacola, and John P. McKewan,
of New York, against the Wood
stock Iron Company were to-day decided in
favor of the Woodstock Iron Company.
These suits were instituted to recover
property upon which the City of Anniston,
Ala., is built and involve property worth
A Telegraph Operator Arrested.
Chattanooga, Tenn., Dec. 15.—Pearse,
the night operator at Spring City. Term.,
who mysteriously disap|ieared on the night
of Nov. 31, was yesterday arrested at
Georgetown, Ky., for robbing the Balti
more and Ohio express office at Spring City,
of $75 in money packages. He also stole the
money order book of the same company at
Pachuta, Miss. He has confessed hi*
Obsequies ot the Anarchists.
Chicago, Dec. 15. —It was decided last
night that at the final obsequies over the
dead Anarchists next Sunday the orator*
would be Servius Bhevltch, of New York,
Paul Grattkau, of Milwaukee, and Albert
Currlin, of St. Louis. There will be noth
ing in the nature of a procession, but
arrangements are being made for a great
crowd at the cemetery.