~ ,v ' rt, “^ l
JOHN H. SEALS,
NEW SERIES, VOLUME 111.
-T E M P E RANO E £R US A D E R.
Published every Thursday in the year, except two
I'EUns: Two Dollars per year, in advance.
JOHN H. SEALS, Sole Proprietor.
1 AON EL L. VE.4ZKY, Editor Literary Departhext.
MRS M. E BIIYAN, Editress.
JOHN A REYNOLDS, Publisher.
CttTBS of Tkiy Names, by sending the Cash,
will receive the paper at .... $1 50“$ copy.
Clubs of Five Names, at 180 “ ’
Any person sending us Five new subscribers, inclo
sing the money, shall receive an extra copy one year
f roe of cost.
Bates of Advertising:
1 square, (twelve lines or less,) first insertion, ll 00 ;
“ Each continuance, bU j
Professional or .Business Cards, not exceeding six
lines, per year, * r ’ ~‘ l
Announcing Candidates for Office, 3 00
J£x>~ Advertisements not marked with the number of
insertions, will be continued until forbid, and charged
£®-Merchants, Druggists and others, may contract
for advertising by the year on reasonable terms.
Sale of Land or Negroes, by Administrators, Ex
ecutors and Guardians, per square, 5 OO
Sale of Personal Property, by Administrators, Ex
editors and Guardians, per square, . 3 25
Notice to Debtors and Creditors, 3 25
Notice for Leave to Sell, 4 OO
Citation for Letters of Administration, 2 75
Ciiation for Letters of Dismission from Adm’n, 500
Citation for Letters of Dismission from Guard’p, 325
Sales of Laud and Negroes by Administrators, Exec
utors or Guardians, arc required, by law, to be held on
the First Tuesday in the month, between the hours of
ten in the forenoon and three in the afternoon, at the
Court-house door of the county in which the property is
situate. Notices oi these sales must be given in a pub
lie Gazette, forty days previous to the day’ of sale.
Notices for the sale oi Personal Property must be given
at least ten day.fprevious tp the day of sale.
Notices to Debtors and Creditors of an estate, must
be published_/orfy days.
Notice that application will be made to the Court oi
Ordinary, for leave to soil Land or Negroes, must be pub
lished weekly for two months.
Citations for Letters of Administration, must be pub
lished thirty days—for Dismission from Administration
monthly, six months —for Dismission from Guardianship,
Rules for Foreclosure of Mortgage must be published
monthly , for four compelling titles from Ex
ecutors or Administrators, where a bond lias been issued
by the deceased, the full space of three months.
Publications'will always be continued according
to these, the legal requirements, unless otherwise ox
Q'&SoiHiy a Q)cuc/ciy,
& LE WIS, ‘Attorney* at Law, Greknes
* boro, Ga.-—-The undersigned, having associated
themselves together in the practice of law, wi'l attend
to all business intrusted to their care, with that prompt
ness and efficiency which long experience, united with
industry, can secure. Offices at Greenesboro and five
miles west of White Plains, Greene county, Ga.
Y. r. kino. July 1, 1858. m. w. lewis.
©• JOHNSON, Attorney at Law,
* * Augusta, Ga. will promptly attend to all business
intrusted to his professional management in Richmond
and the adjoining counties. . Office ou.Mclnt/.ob oW±
three doors below CoH&iittitionahs! ohUm*.
lief ere rice —Thos. R. R. Cobb, Athens, Ga.
June 14 O’
13 OGER L. WIIIGHAItt, L ouisville, Jes
-LL ferson county, Georgia, will give prompt attention
to any business intrusted to bis care, in the following
counties : Jefferson, Burke, Richmond, Columbia, \V ar
ren, Washington, Emanuel, Montgomery, Tatnail and
Scriven. April 20, 185 G ts
LEONARD T. DOTAL, Attorney at Law,
McDonough, Henry comity, Ga. will practice Law
in the following counties: Henry, Spaulding, Butts,
Newton, Fayette, Fulton, DcKalb, Pike and Monroe.
D 11. SANDERS, Attorney at Law, Albany,
• Ga. will practise in the counties of Dougherty,
Sumter, Lee, Randolph, Calhoun, Early, Baker, Deca
tur and Worth. Jan 1 ly
T. PERKINS, Attorney at Law, Grcenes
• boro, Ga. will practice in the counties of Greene,
Morgan, l’utnam, Oglethorpe, Taliaferro, Hancock,
Wilkes and Warren. Feb Tv
PHILLIP B-'kOIIINSON, Attorney at
Law. Greenesboro, Ga. will practice in the conn
tics of Greene Morgan, Putnam, Oglethorpe, Taliafer
ro, Hancock, Wilkes and Warren. July 5, ’s(i-lv
TAMES BROWN, Attorney at Law, Fancy
Hill, Murray Cos. Ga. April 30, 1807.
SIBLEY, BOGGS & CO.
—WHOLESALE AND RETAIL HEALERS IN—
Choice Family Groceries, Cigars, &c.
276 Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia.
Feb 18,1858 11
— = ——
Warehouse & Commission Merchant,
AI OIJSTA, CiA.
<%sr- (CONTINUES the business in all its
m HH branches, in his large and commodi
ous Fire-Proof Warehouse, on Jackson
street, near the Globe Hotel.
Orders for Goods, &c. promptly and carefully filled.
The usual cash facilities afforded customers.
July 2-2 6m
Warehouse & Commission Merchants,
TTAVING entered into a ep-part-
M <S> £'|S -LJship for the purpose of carrying on
the Storage ana Commission .lhusine** it
all of itsbranches, respectfully solicit con
signments of Cotton and other produce; also orders for
Hashing, Hope and family supplies. Their strict, per
sonal attention will be given to the business.
All the facilities due from factors to patrons shall be
granted with a liberal hand. HEARD,
WM. C. DERRY.
July 22d, 1858.
2&123 & pOTWi
WILL continue the WAREHOUSE and COM
MISSION BUSINESS at their old stand on
Jackson street. Will devote their personal attention to
the Storage and sule'ol Cotton, Bacon, Grain, &e.
Liberal cash advances made when required ; and all
orders for Family Supplies, Bagging, Rope, &c. tided
at the lowest market price. -
JOHN C. KEES. [Aug T2I _ SAM LD. I.INTON.
rOULLAIN, JENNINGS & GO.
GROCERS AND COTTON FACTORS,
Opposite the Globe Hotel, Augusta, Georgia.
CONTINUE, as heretofore, in connection with
their Grocery Business, to attend to the sale ol j
COTTON and other produce. I
They will be prepared tn the Brick 1 1 rep roof Ware- t
liouse, now in process of erection in the Iront of their
store, at the intersection ol Jackson and Reynold streets, j
to receive on storage all consignments made them. ,
Liberal cash advances made on l’™huse in store, j
when requested. ENNI.NGS, j
Aug 19—6 m ISAIAH PURSE.
WAREHOUSE AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
AUGUSTA, GEORGIA. j
TIIE undersigned, thankful for the liberal pa- ;
tronaga extended to him for a series of years, wouid
inform his friends and the public that he will continue j
at his same well known Brick Warehouse on Campbell ,
A street, near Bones, Brown & Co’s. Hardware House, j
where, by strict personal attention to all business en
trusted to his care, he hopes he will receive a share ol
the public patronage,
Cash Advances, Bagging, Rope and 1- amity Supplies,
will be forwarded to customers as heretofore, when de
nted. Ga, Aug 19-6 m
rjARRETT WOODIJAM offers himself to the
* _ voters of Greene county, for the office of Tax Re
ceiver, at the election in January next.
lOFIN H. SN EL LINGS offers himself to the vo
tors of Greene county, t s a candidate for the office
of Tax Collector, at the election in January next.
V M. JONES offers himself to the voters of
• Greene county, us a candidate for the office ot
Tax Collector, at the election in January next.
HEX RY WEAVER offers himself to the voters
of Greene county, as a candidate for the office ot
Tax Receiver, at the election in January next.
WE are authorized to announce the name of
JOEL C. BARNET I\ Esq. of Madison, Ga. as
candidate for Solicitor General of the Ocmulgce Circuit.
■••1 ‘lie first Monday in January next.
r P IIGBE INDEBTED to the firm of McWhorter
*- & Armstrong, arc bereby notified that their notes and
accounts MUST be settled by the first of December.
Longer delay will subject all such to the mortification
of a Visit front the proper officer. Pear in mind, friends,
we are compelled lo have the money.
Sept 16—2 m ‘ McW. &. A.
A Classical Teacher Wanted
fpo take charge of PINE GROVE ACADEMY,
. near Double Welis, Warren county. Apply to
either of the undersigned.
WILLIAM B. BARKSDALE,
JOHN H. HUBERT,
Aug 26 M. H. HUBERT.
\ 30 000 BRICKS WANTED.
PROPOSALS will he received until Ist September,
by the undersigned, for the delivery to them, in
Penfield, of 130,000 bricks, on or before the loth of No
vember next, flood clay can be had within a quarter
of a mile of the place of delivery.
H. H. TUCKER,
J. E. WILLET,
W. B. SEALS,
Penfield, Green Cos. Ga. N. M. CRAWFORD.
Aug. 12, 1858
PLANTATION FOR SALK.
T'MIL subscriber offers for sale Eleven Hundred
acres of hind lying on tire waters of Little River,
adjoining lands of i lie estate of A. Jones, deceased, and
D. C. Barrow. There arc between three and four hun
dred acres in the woods, and upwards of one hundred
acres river and branch land. There is on the plantation
a pretty good dwelling house, with gin house and other
Any person wishing to see the land can have an op
portunity by calling on the subscriber at Woodstock or
W. D. I’itta;d of Oglethorpe county, Ga.
L said land is not sold privately, it will be offered at
public sale, in Greenesboro. on the iirst Tuesday of No
veinber next. JOHN W. REID.
Philomath, Aug 2(>
~ SELLINtfOFF AT C 0 >T!
The subscriber, with a view to closing his busi
ness, is now offering his entire stock of me;'-
chandise at cost. Anyone in want of a bargain, ei
ther in Dry Goods, Dicss Goods, Ready-made Cloth
ing, flats Caps, Boots,Shoes, Drugs,’ Medicines,Crock
ery, Hollow and Willow Wares, &e. f &c., will do well
to cal! and examine my Stock, before purchasing.
Pcnlicld, Aug. 5 WM. 13. SEALS.
IT Y the subscriber, on Saturday last, [l4th
J Inst.] between Shiloh and Bairdstown, a yellow
steel-rimmed Pocket Book of ordinary size, containing
§33 and a few cents. Any information respecting it wifi
be thankfully received, and the tinder liberally rewarded.
ITrOOM & NORRELL,
AT TOl S PA, GEORGIA,
ARE now purchasing one of the largest and
LX. most elegant stocks of
Fall anti Winter 1) U Y GOODS
that will be brought to this market, litis season, which
will be bought under circumstances that will guarantee
the purchase upon the very best terms, and will there
fore enable us to sell them at such
Unprecedentodly Low Prices
that they cannot be undersold, and will
DEFY ALL COMPETITION,
QUALITY, STYLE AND PRICE.
And as our rule oi business is,
m ** 22 55.11: muz
no one will pay over market price, us the rule forces the
seller to ask the lowest market price, and protects the buyer.
If you wish goods at low prices,
Go to BROOME & NORRELL’S.
If you like fair and open dealing,
Go to BROOME & NORRELL’S.
If you dislike a dozen prices for the same article, and
mOu one i>nu% B ROOME&NORRELL’S.
If you don’t like to be “ bailed ” one article, and pay
doubly on another, „ „ T ,r.
Go to BROOME & N ORRELL’S.
In fact, if you wish to buy cheap goods get good value
for your money, and trade where you like to deal, and
be pleased to see your friends,
Go to BROOME & NORRELL’S
ONE PRICE STORE!
! August 2, 1858
TIIE firm of COE & LATIMER is this day dis
solved by mutual consent. 11. A. COE,
Grcenesboro, May Ist, 1858 J. S. LATIMER.
The practice will be continued by
svho will visit
ot which due notice will he given intlie Crusader and
Gazelle. Permanent office in J. CTJNAINGIFA3CS
BLOCK , anEE NE S 80110.
May 13, 1858 tjanl
vr.OM BUTixr.’s “two millions.”
Such have there ever been,
Since human grief has hallowed human sin—
The patient, loving Women! As they climb,
With bleeding feet, the flinty cras of Time—
Not for the praise of man, or earth's renown, •---
They bear the cross and wear tiie martyr’s crown.
Though Queenly medal stamped with Royal Heads,
Their humble toil to endless honor weds;
Though, like a bow of Hope, their fame is bent
From side to sido oi each broad Continent;
And pictured volume, with its tinted page,
Bears their meek feat ures to the coming Age ;
A higher joy tlieir gentle spirits reap,
Where, all unknown, their silent watch they keep,
Far from the echo of the world’s applause,
Through sultry noon, or midnight’s dreary pause,
Where 3 helpless infants gasp their parting breath,
Cradled in Sorrow, and baptized in Death,
Or strong men tossing, with delirious lips,
In fever tempests and the mind’s eclipse,
Pluimc through the starlossstoriii,like lounderingships,
Or old a ,r c shrinking from the tyrant’s clutch,
Feels, through the darkness, for their tender touch,
Watching and waiting till the rising morn
Shall greet their sainty faces, pale and worn
With the long vigil, us they steal away,
Through the darkened chambers at the dawn oi day,
Unloose the casement to the early a>r,
Hail its pure radiance with their purer prayer,
Drink in fresh courage with its quickening brcuih*
Then shut the sunlight from the bed of Death ;
But bear serenely to the sufferer s side
A blighter beauty than the morning tide—
I Faith’s golden dawning, winch, irom heights above,
! Transfigures Toil to Joy! Duty to Love!
i No eye beholding, save their risen Lord s.
j Who sees in secrets, but in sight rewards!
Tlieir fairest earthly crown the wreath that twines,
j Not round loud Platforms, or proud Senate Domes;
But those pure Altars—those perpetual Shrines,
I Which grace and gladden all our Sayon Homes!
THE ADOPTED ORGAN OF ALE THE TEMPERANCE ORGANIZATIONS IN THE STATE.
PENFIELD, GEORGIA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1 8 58.
vYL SPAETM Em? 3
b Y MRS. M. E. BRYAN.
BY MARY K. 1 RYAN.
The weary winds that alt day long
Have wandered ceaselessly,
Have rocked themselves to rest at last
In the Acacia tree.
The sea, that lay and teebiy moaned,
Like those that watch and weep,
Has ceased to heave with troubled’sMi.c,
And sobbed itself lo sleep. °
Tne day—-the faint and tired day—
Sick of its life and light,
Is dying peacefully at last
In the cool arms of night.
Ah me ! that soulless things like these
.Should know the boon ot test,
And not one numbing silence lay
Its finger on my breast.
Ah me ! that on this hour of calm,
When day and nature part,
The only restless thing should be
One tortured human heart.
It is a dreary thing to feel
The light of life has fled;
To seek to waken slumbering joy,
And find it cold and dead.
A dreary thing to sit and count
A rosary ot tears.
And ask, with troubled questionin° r ,
Some hope from future years;
To press the hand on the live pain
Thai writhes within the brest.
And know that never night or time
Can bring the joy of rest.
NIOHT and morning.
BY MARY E. BRYAN.
THE Morning, half in shadow, stole down the
mountain, whose summit her jeweled sandals
had tinged with paly purple, and as she wandered
slowly down, painting the snowy convolvulus blos
soms with her milk-white fingers, lighting tiny
lamps in every dew-drop, and shaking out her
singing larks from the mountain laurels, she es
pied the night in a mantle ot mist, gliding away
through the shades of tiie valley. And she called
to her, in a voice that sounded like a chorus of
thrushes, through the groves:
“ Why do you alwa3's fly at my approach, oh !
dark-eyed elder sister ? Long ages I have walked
in your footsteps; I have heard the rustling of
your sombre robes as you glided away; I have
seen, from the hill-top, the trembling of your
dusky plumes, and watched the one pale lamp
that you leave burning alone, of the many j'ou
hang around your vaulted chamber; but I have
never looked upon your face ; never heard your
voice, oh! mystic sister. Stay, now, but one mo
ment, I beseech you. Tell me of your strange
secrets, oh! Night, and why it is that you weep
the tears I find upon my flowers.”
And the Night paused, and drawing her veil
yet more closely round her, she sat down in the
ahd'lTio young Morning threw'herself oti a bed
of fragrant thyme and lifted her bright face to
the stately figure, while the dark-browed sybil
“ What would you with mo, fair sister ?” asked
the Night, and her voice sounded like the mel
ancholy wind among the palms, or the lament of
the nightingale over the dying roses of 1 empe.
“ I would that you tell me ot the things I can
not learn of men, eldest bom sister. \ou bold
the key to the mighty mysteries of creation ; von
alone, of earthly things, can judge of the end by
the beginning. Your arms cradled the young
Earth ere star-beam or blossom had brightened
it, and you have talked with Time ere the sun
was lit, or the morning stars sang together.
“Iltisli!” said the pale sister; “you know not
what you ask. God’s finger has placed an eter
nal seal upon my lips, and 11 is mysteries may
never fce revealed It is true, that I was with
Him at the beginning, when lie wrought in silence
and in darkness ere your blue eyes opened with j
the sun. I saw the earth, as it rose layer by lay er, i
beneath Ilis plastic hands. I was with Him when
lie walled in its central furnace with eternal rock, j
and traced its veins of gold with Ilis creative fin- j
ger. I know where are hidden its coffers of gems j
and precious ore, and where the pearli lie, thick
as white rose leaves, fathoms deep beneath the
sea. I saw Him when He laid His hand upon
the heart of Earth and listened to its first beat
ings ; and for the ages that I reigned alone with
Chaos, and for those that followed, when the
mutterings of a primeval ocean were the only
sounds that smote upon the ear of my sister Si
lence, I knew that God’s spirit was at work, si
lently and surely developing Earth into the great,
bright, useful thing it is—a fit dwelling for man
—the crowning work of his creation. Hut I may
not tell thee the secrets of the great Architect,
nor the manner of his workmanship, nor yet the
mysteries of that time. ’
“Strange sister!” said the bright Morning, with
a shadow on her sunny brow, “ You have pon
dered so long upon the memories of that olden
time, and walked with spirits and listened to sad
voices until you have grown dreamy and melan
choly. Would l could share with you the life,
the energy, the busy bustle and gayety of my
“I am content,” said the stately Night. “We j
have both our missions, and if my handmaid,
Sleep, laid not her spell of rest and forgetfulness j
upon the brain and muscle of your tired workers, i
where would be the energy and industry you
boast of? Aye, and I, too, have my exalted of.
fiee. It is mine to inspire the noblest deeds that
have brightened your reign. My deep warnings
have startled the soul of infidelity ; nay whispered
oracles have awakened lofty thoughts in the
minds of men; lonely, Genius watches with me j
and gathers strength and power from my teach
ings, and learns from me the great thoughts that
dazzle and perplex the multitude. Plato was my
pupil, and to the watchful souls of Milton and
Dante, I whispered the mysteries of things not
seen. What if I steal the rose from the student’s
cheek ? I light the fires of knowledge in his
deep eye, and give him that which is worth a
thousand fold—the brief heritage of earthly
beauty. And I have other mysteries than these.
There was a time—but I will not speak of this to
“Go on,” said the Morning, eagerly. “ The
hunter marvels that my roseate fingers do not
part the vino leaves at his chalet window, and
the blue eyes of the violets look for me in vain ;
for’there is a charm in thy words, dark sister.
Go on, I pray thee; thou wast telling of some by
“It was long ago,” said the other, “and thy
working day world terms it now the age of super
stition and the followers of the mystic brother-
hood—dreamers; but believe me, those sleepless
enthusiasts drew nearer to the holy of holies —of
spiritual truth —than common mortals deemed.
Solitude, self-denial, watchful vigils, lone fast
ings and earnest, patient looking away into the
shadowy land that lies beyond the things of sense,
had made thin the veil drawn between physical
and spiritual things. But the order of the Ros
ecrusians is now but a name and a memory, and
tlio spirits with whom they held communion have
fled back to their abodes again.”
“ But art thou never lonely,” asked the Morn
ing. “There is such a gentle sadness on thy
brow and in thy voice.”
“Nay,” said the Night. “I commune with
spirits, and the stars are my companions; and
then, my sister, the sweet, serious moon cheers
me with her pensive smile. And God has given
me ft bird and a flower. Even j-our busy mortals
watch and wait to see the opening of my Cereus,
with its starry beauty; and only poets can de
scribe the sweetness of the-nightingale’s song in
the night time.”
“ But thou weepest, I know thou dost, for I
find thy tears on every spray.”
“ Aye,” stud the Night; “ I weep, but not from
loneliness. At nay coming I find the air heavy
with blasphemings, impure with revilings and hot
with words of wrath and bitterness. And I look
in upon the slumbers of mortals and behold their
restless tossings and hear their troubled sighs and
mutterings, and see the dark dreams that hover
round them, and the cloud that, even in sleep,
rests upon the brows, God has stamped with Ilis
own image. And I weep for this, and I mind me
of an hour most memorable in my long life of
centuries, when, in a lonely garden in that land
which men call ‘holy,’ the incarnate Saviour
wept tears of blood, as he wrestled in agonized
prayer and kept with me a fearful vigil through
the hours of darkness and trial that preluded the
crucifixion. And you, oh! light hearted sister,
remember what followed; how you fled affrighted
from the face of Earth ; and it wa3 I who stood
beside the cross on that hour of dread, and threw
my pall of darkness over the scene and over the
features of sacrificed Deity. Ah! there was no
solitude then; for the angel of God walked be
side me, and his footsteps shook the earth to its
foundations and startled the dead from their rest
ing places, while the earthquakes were aroused
in their hollow lairs and opened their hungry
lips with ominous mutterings.
This is why I weep, fair sister; for. 1 know the
boundless love of God tor His sinful creatures,
and how regardless they are of the arm of Mercy
that enfolds them. Dost blamo me for my
“I said not so,” replied the fair haired maiden.
‘But why is it that 1, too, do not weep? I, a-s
well as thou, beholdest the impiety and ingrati
tude ol men and their consequent misery, and
yet it moves me not to tears.”
“ is that thou art younger and full of thought
less jovousness, sunny hearted sister; and then
thou dost not love Earth and her children as J
Hr ne?'eftilieai lUiMirej: -*▼ o.vuv ■ ./wiitov g-irvrr
to my charge centuries ere her voice, now so va
lued, had learned its faintest lispings? And J
shall never desert her. There shall come a time,
fairest, when your bright eyes shall close forever;
for the end conieth, and God has said that in the
world beyond, there is neither night nor day. So
thou and all things else must perish when that
day of wrath shall sweep all light and life and
beauty from the face of earth, leaving it to roll a
seared and blackened ruin through space forever.
Bird or blossom shall cheer it never more, nor
sunbeam brighten its desolation. The light tread
of breeze or silvery rain shall not visit that dark
ened orb, and life shall no more awaken its voice
less echoes, hut I will watch over it still. It shall
he mine to the last. I loved it ere its fair brow
knew the stain of blood or tears, and should I
forsake it in its shame and desolation? Eye of
wandering angel or of evil spirit shall not behold
its ruin, for my shroud of blackness shall envel
ope it forever.”
And as she spoke the stately form of Night
and the Pythoness beauty of her inspired face
grew indistinct and shadowy, and she glided away
with the mists that lose from the valley. The
Morning arose and shook out her bright plumage,
and the birds that had marveled at her long de
lay welcomed her with tuneful greetings, and the
yc ung violets looked up with the tears of Night
trembling in their blue eyes.
EVERYBODY buys almanacs. Newsboys re
tell them by the armful, and the counters
of village and country stores are heaped on New
Year’s morning with these popular little pam
phlets, “which not e’en critics criticise.” They
find a place in the homes of rich and poor, and
your real, old-fashioned country farm liouse
would look as odd without its almanac hanging
from the accustomed nail above the mantle shelf,
as if the old family Bible itself were missing from
its place on the polished stand beside the. win
Almanacs there arc of all descriptions—me li
cal, comical, religious, agricultural, poetical, pic
torial, political and literary; and twenty minutes
or so can be very pleasantly beguiled by turning |
over the motley collect ion in the shop window any J
time during the first week in new year. A tol- j
erably correct idea of the character of a house
hold may be had by observing the kind of alma
nac they choose. Jolly farmer Bluff, who has a
baker’s dozen of bouncing boys and girls, buys a
comic almanac, whose ludicrous pictures and
funny anecdotes furnish the little ones and their
simple-hearted parents with food for merriment
the whole twelve months round. The caricature
1 pictures are copied on school slates, the droll
i faces imitated for baby’s benefit, and ten to one,
farmer Bluff does not tell that good joke on the
fourth page over the next Christmas turkey, and
laugh over it for the hundredth time.
Your aunt Mary, who reads every “.Doctors
book” published, and consequently imagines hei
self a victim alternately to every disease therein
described, takes a medical almanac (with a tri
umphant “ Eureka” on the cover, under a wood
cut engraving of an angel giving a bottle of sars
aparilla to a benevolent looking gentleman) and
buys all the patent nostrums it recommends.
Deacon Wright will only purchase a religious al
manac, and his meek, blue-eyed little daughters
learn the commandments the new way they are
taught there, read about the martyrs and the
“ last words of great men,” and “get by heart”
the pretty hymns and sacred ballads it contains.
A perfect encyclopedia, in its small way, is the
Family Almanac. It gives you recipes for the
manufacture of numberless dainties, cures for the
ailments of man and beast, choice little gems of
poetry—some of them set to exquisite musi<|—
k£°„V“7' Jl ‘-formation, r.oy anecdotes, .par
-7° r ’ t ’ U, ’ Si>n ' l
[l, head, 011 ) ollg „; ntOT n . , md
iXXT* In soct ’ ° ddß “” d
Ami ending wirh some precept deep
tor dressing eels or shoeing horses.”
We have all laughed over- that admirably drawn
picture in the Southern Matron of Mr Bates the
Yankee .Schoolmaster, consulting the almanac as
an infallible oracle and unfailing repository of
wisdom ; but many of us, on some rainy day of
seemingly interminable length, after yawning re
peatedly over a proy volume, havo thrown it
aside, and for want of something better to do,
reached down the almanac and soon became un
consciously interested in its heterogeneous con
Almanacs of somo kind are in use in all civi
lized countries; but it is in France that they form
a peculiar and distinctive kind of literature.
There are calendars for the higher classes, hut
it is for the canaille and the peasantry that the
almanac is chiefly published; for the “ people”
whom Beranger sung and who loved him and
wept honest tears at his death. This class (espe
cially the rural provincials) are as entirely dis
tinct from the bcctri -monele. as if they were a differ
ent order of beings, and their reading is of a to
tally dissimilar character. The books that circu
late through the peasant homes of France are
never translated into our language. They are
not printed in regular publishing establishments,
nor sold in the customary orthodox manner, but
are hawked about by unlicensed colporteurs. In
this manner ten millions of cheap publications
annually circulate through France, chiefly among
its rural population, and as there is a large por
tion of these that retain in a singular degree, all
their primitive provincial habits, superstitions
and prejudices, so the literature addressed to
these continues to exhibit the same peculiarities
of style, the same rude wood cuts and coarse su
perstitions that distinguished it three centuries j
ago. Remarkable and isolated example of im
mobility in tlio midst of the constant improve
ment and advancement of successive ages!
Louis Napoleon, with his characteristic energy
and far-seeing policy, ordered this “ Iftleraiure da
Colportage ” to be examined by a committee ap
pointed bv the Minister of Police. (Wo say policy,
for muzzling the press is a well known feature of
the shrewd French Emperor’s administration,
and a large proportion of these books were alma
nacs, with the dangerous political titles of Red,
Republican, Constitutional.) 7.500 books, with
out the stamp of authorization, were soon laid be
foro the Examining Committee, and some curi
ous facts were brought to light. Os these books,
M. Nisard enumerates more than one hundred differ
ent funds of almanacs, “ the names of which would
form a study in themselves.” Their principal
feature, however, was the astrological department,
containing predictions, interpretations of dreams
apd .Pretended iiuijg.tinna inln tlia ■ reyn-Iw ~p£~
lnetory gives us at the almanac, was ot one pub-
lished in France by AVynkin da Worde, in 149 J.
called the “Shepherd’s Kalendar.” The same
kind of almanac is in existence now, issued for
the benefit of the now reading public, and very
little altered from its first edition, more than
three centuries ago. It is a complete curiosity,
for the information is conveyed, not by words or
letters, “but by symbols ami pictorial represen
tations.” A review of M. Nisard’s “ Ltiteratarc da
Cdporlagc ” thus describes this curious almanac,
which, my readers will remember, if? for the use
of those unable to read :
“ The days of the month arc represented by the
symbol, or tlie portrait of the Saint of the day,
and the information regarding each day is com
municated in the form of some natural or- con
ventional emblem. Thus, the phases of the moon
are indicated by circles, crescents, reversed cres
cents, obliques crescents, Ac. Sundays are marked
by a cross; working days, by a tri-angle. Days fa
vorable for the operation of bleeding, are regis
tered by a star; days favorable for cupping, by a
rude cupping glass; days when we may safely
take pills, by a circle with diameters intersecting
at right-angels. If the hair may he cut, you soo
a pair of scissors ; if the nails may bo pared, a
hand. Safe days for operating on tlio eyes, are
shown by an eye; days for agricultural labor, by
a hoe; for cutting trees, by a hatcuet; and so on
for the other prescriptions or representations.
M. E. B.
ART and science, both intellectual and physi.
cal, have seemingly reached the ne plus ultra
of their progress. In each, there appears no un
known region to explore; no path that has not
been worn by the tread of feet that have gone
before. The science of mechanics has apparently
reached its perfection. Machinery has been ap
plied to almost every conoeivable purpose, and if
the old philosopher’s dream of perpetual motion
has not been realized, modern inventions have
approached sufficiently near it for all purposes of
practical utility. As regards the fine arts of
painting and sculpture, human ingenuity can do
no more than faithfully copy nature, and no fu
ture genius may hope to rival the models left,
them by their predecessors.
Astronomy, physio’.ogy and the other natural
sciences, even the comparatively modern one of
geology, have apparently advanced as far as man’s
limited scope will permit, (their researches ex
tending to the misty realm of ideal speculation,)
and the laws that govern matter have been traced
as far as the impassable barrier, the “ thus far
i and no farther” of the Creator.
True, the followers in the footsteps of those
) who have made plain the path, may find by the
| wayside a few flowers that have been passed bj
unuoticed; but can the discovery of a star that
has eluded tho telescopic eye; of a fossil that has
been overlooked in tho researches of other geolo-
gists, or of a plant that has escaped the diligent
student of the book of nature ? Can such paltry
discoveries as these content tho bold, active, as
piring intellect when the past furnishes it such
What, then ! Shall the restless mind of man
’ eease its onward-progress, or retrace paths already
explored? This is simply impossible. Thought,
like light, must travel; but there is anew world
for tire adventurer who is wearied of old things.
Its explorers have as yet but touched its mist
shrouded shores and returned with Btrango re
ports, as did the Columbus of the material world.
And they, like him, have found many to sneer,
many to disbelieve, many to discourage; but suph
i obstacles only retard, not check, the progress of
truth. Intellectual and physical knowledge
are indeed seemingly in their highest stages of
development ; but ouy nature is three-fold, as are
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
our relations with the outer world, namely: phys
ical, intellectual and psychical. Psychology is
yet in its infancy, and even its teachers, seeing
“ through a glass darkly,” behold “ men as trees
walking.” The mists of error and ignorance still
hang over this new world of knowledge, but they
shall clear away ere the noontime. Mesmerism
and magnetism are not chimeras of the brain,
but realities that will yet be reduced, to simple
sciences. All the unimagined strength of that
‘vonderiul thing—tha human will, and all the
untathomed powers of that subtle essence which,
though impalpable and invisible, yet, acti
stiangdy on material things—are yet to be devel
oped and applied to useful ends.
There is a temple filled with Eleusian myst-e
----nes, and as yet, human footstep has scarcely
passed its vestibule. Even spiritualism—vague
ant grotesque as it is—may be but the exagera
ted shadow that precedes a reality. Not that we
>o ie\e these so called “manifestations” proceed
10m supernatural agency, but there is some truth
>n a things; and beneath all this rubbish of jug
° of falsehood and crude deductions—may
t iere not be hidden the germ of a useful, but as
yet udeveloped, science? Asa mere matter of
unous speculation, it is interesting to watch this
“ e ” tendency of the age, and mark how these
iou ed inquiries into spiritual things—these
grasping, at tt lo unsubstantial shadow—these
Y3.gUO f leoiies and this unsatisfied turning away
from the outer world to look into that within—
denote the dawning or anew era in knowledge,
otton ll ]* 1 1’ hi by dubious glimmerings and
attended by mists and shadows, but the perfect
ay breaketh and the darkness of error flees
Lv ery science lias had its night time and its sha
dow-fraught morning. Alchemy preceded chem
istry ; Galileo died a prisoner to the Inquisition
for daring to say of tlio earth that “ it doss move;”
Harvey was sneered at as a crazy enthusiast, for
seeking to demonstrate the circulation of the
blood; (the foundation of all medical science;)
and the discoverers of mesmerism, unlearned a3
they were, and ignorant of the nature and power
of that science whose key they had found, were
burned for witchcraft by the bigoted people of
the age. For all will admit that the famous sor
ceries of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries,
which have found a place in history and in the
Commentaries of the great English Jurist, had.
for their only foundation—a first principle of
psychology—the influence of one human spirit
Wo cannot now conjecture the extent of t.bi
power of mind over mind, or reason upon the ca
pacities of this potent and mysterious essence.
But now, that thought has beon awakened and
turned into this new channel, and investigation
is industriously at work, we may hope that erelong
marvelous discoveries will bo the result. Proba
bly it will lie demonstrated that those spiritual
“ manifestations” are but psychological phenom
ena—the subtle and intangible principle of life
operating upon outer things through its urmna.,,
er. • • T - - V ‘ ‘
At any rate, the tendency of this new impulse
of the age is, to lead the mind away from the too
absorbing pursuit of practical things and cause
it to look within and think more seriously con
cerning the nature of the higher and more im
portant, because immortal, part of our being.
M. E. B.
HO.V. GEORGE A. GORDON'S ADDRESS.
The neatly printed pamphlet containing this
Address, delivered at the late Commencement of
Franklin College, before the Phi Kappa and
Demosthenian Societies of the University of Geor
gia, has been for the last week upon our table.
It has amply repaid us for its perusal, and richly
deserves the complimentary manner in which it
is alluded to by the committee appointed to so
licit it for publication—an act, we learn, for which
the ” history of tho'two Societies furnishes no pro
The Address of Mr. Gordon exhibits, through
out, a polished eloquence and purity of style
which proves that the orator has not unsuccess
fully adopted, as his model, our modern Cicero—
Edward Everett —whom ho so gracefully eulogizes,
and whose talents he so warmly admires.
M. E. B.
It is well known that a loose and easy dress
contributes much to give the sex the fine propor
tions of body that are observable in the Grecian
statues, and which serve as models to our present
artists, nature being too much disfigured among
us to afford any such. The Greeks knew nothing
of those Gothic shackles, that multiplicity of lig
atures and bandages with which our bodies are
oompressed. Their women were ignorant of the
use of whalebone-stays, by which ours distort
their shape, instead of displaying it. This prac
tice, carried to so great an excess as it is in Amer*
ica, must, in time, degenerate the species, and is
an instance of bad taste. Can it be a pleasant
sight to behold a woman cut in two in the mid
die, as it were, like a wasp? On the contrary, it
is as shocking to tho eye as it is painful to the
imagination. A fine shape, like the limb, hath
itsdue size and proportion, a diminution of whieh
iscerta inly a defect. Such a deformity, also,
would bo shocking in a naked figure; wherefore,
then, should it be esteemed a beauty in one that
is dressed ? Everything that confines and lays
nature under restraint is an instance of bad taste #
This is as true in regard to the ornaments of the
body as to the embellishments of the mind.
Life, health, reason and convenience ought to bo
taken first into consideration. Gracefulness can
not subsist without ease; delicacy is not debility,
nor must a woman be sick in order to please.
Mrs. L. Virginia French.
How to Remove Stains from Floors. —For re
moving spots of grease from boards, take equal
parts of fuller’s earth and pearlash, a quarter of
a pound of each, and boil in a quart of soft water,
and, while hot, lay it on the greased parts, allow
ing it to remain on them for ten or twelve hours;
after which, it may be scoured off with sand and
water. A floor much spotted with grease should
be completely washed over with this mixture the
day before it is scoured. Fuller’s earth or ox
gall boiled together, form a very powerful cleans
ing mixture for floors or carpets. Stains of ink
are removed by strong vinegar, or salts of lemon
will remove thorn.
Du. Adiel A. Cooley, the inventor of friction
matches, died at Hartford, Connecticut, on tee
18th ultimo, aged seventy-six. 1 his is the simple
announcement which the papers bring us of the
death of an inventor whose genius has probably
conduced as much to the convenience of his fal
low-men as that of any other inventor.
VOL, XXIV. NUMBER 37