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Columbian centinel. (Augusta, Ga.) 18??-????, August 16, 1806, Image 1

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,-.0-iyps K ' - VOL IV. No. 160] Three dollars per annum.) PUBLISHED BY GEORGE F. RANDOLPH, NORTH BROAD-STREET. (Half in advance. CONDITIONS OF THE COLUMBIAN CEXTINEL. 1. THE COLUMBIAN CENTINEL will be published every s a t u r d a y, on a demi paper, of an excellent quality, and on an entire new type, c; which this is a specimen. 2. The terms of subscription will be f-HREE dollars per annum, one half to be paid at the time of subscribing, and the balance at? the expiration ol the year. 3. No subscription will be received for a less term than six months, and ah subscribers papers will be continued from year to year, unless ordered to the reverse at the expiration of the year, or six months. 4. Advertisements will be charged sixty-three cents per square for the first publication, and forty-two ior each succeeding, and in the same proportion for those of greater length. The following person# have subscrip tion pap.ers in their hands for the accom modation of persons who may please to subscribe , and they are duly authorised to receive the same. Petersburgh: Capt. J. P. Watkins. ELberton : Middleton Woods, Esq. Ogle thorp County: Wm. H. Crawford, Samuel Shields, China Grovc 3 and at the Store of Major Phinizy, Lexington. Washington , Wilkes County: Col. Francis Willis. Maj. Patrick Jack. Green County , Maj. Young Gresham, James Nickelson, William Grant. Jackson county Samuel Gardner, Esq. Franklin county i Thomas P. Carnes, Esq. Hancock County : Hines Holt, Esq. Doct. William Lee, Eli Harris Women County Capt. Thomas Dent, George Hargraves. Lincoln County John M. Dooley, Esq. Charles Stovall. Columbia : William Ware, Esq. Solomon Marshall, Burke County William Whitehead, Col. John Whitehead, Col. John Davis, Jefferson County r George R. Clayton, Esq. James Bozeman, Esq. John Bostwick, Esq. Scriven Cottnty Reuben Wilkinson. William Oliver, Esq. Major Skinner, Savannah: Seymour, Scco. printers , Bacon and Malone, Mclntosh County. George Baillie. ” FOR SALE. 1 35 Tracis ofL and ? LYING in Edgefield, Barnwell, O rangeburg, Abbeville, Union, Green ville and Pendleton district, in this state, containing together about 25 982. For price, terms and furthei particulars, apply to M,'. Le Roy Hammond. Sur veyor at this place, or to the subscri ber. Such of them as may not be dis posed of by private sale, before the Ist day of October next, will on the first Monday in December following, be sold to the highest bidder at Edgefield Court-House, by public Auction. In disputable titles will be made to the purchasers and terms made known in due time. CHARLES GOODWIN, Attorney at Law. Town Creek Mills , S. C. > July 5, 1806. 5 ’ BLANKS of every description executed at tkis office, with neatness and dispatch. AUGUSTA, GEORGIA. SHERIFF’S SALE. On the frst 7'uesday in September next , at Lincoln Court House, between the usual hours Will be Sold, ONE dark bay horse, and one roan filley, and saddle and bridle, ta ken as the property of Samuel Jeter, to satisfy an execution in favor of Hen ry Jinnings, vs. Samuel Thomas and Garland Jeter. ALSO, 1821-2 Acres of Land on Sa vannah river, joining Henry Ware and Robert Leverett, taken as the property of William Fuqua, to satisfy two exe cutions in favor of Robert and James Ware, vs. William Fuqua, and Fd mond Samuel. Also, two other exe cutions in favor of Robert and Janies Ware, against William Fuqua. Re turned to me by the constable. Conditions, Cash. John Stovall, d. s. l. c. July 26. ! bHF^T^SALK Gn the first Tuesday in September next, ac the Court-house in IVarren county be tween the usual hours , Will be Sold, ONE note of hand for eighty dollars, gave by Peter Cbaslin to David Newsom ; the above note executed as the property of David Newsom, to sa tisfy an execution in favor of the admin istrators of Geo. Walker, for the use of Di’.niel Daniie^. ALSO, 200 Acres of land in the coun ty of Warren, lying on Ogechce, ad joining Ledbetter, taken as the property of John Robertson, at the instance of Wm. Martin. ALSO, One sorrel horse taken as the property of Martin Hays,at the instance of David Newsom, the above horse pointed out by Henry Williams, jun. Conditions Cash. Jeremiah Beall, s. w. c. August 2, 1806. 2 SHERIFF’S SALE. On the frst Tuesday in September next, at the Court House in Waynesborcugh, Burke county, at the usual hours, Will be Sold, ONE Hundred acres of land, # 7 ! tn Burke county, on Boggy Gut, with one good Saw mill on it, formerly known by the n ime of Fenn’s mills, adjoining lands of Walton and the wi dow Matthews, and sold as the proper ty of Henry Hughes, at the instance of Isaiah Carter. —ALSO— Two negroes, a Negro man by the name of Peter, and a boy by the name of Dave, and sixty acres of land, more or less, whereon Peter Wynn now resides, in Burke county, lying on the l oad leading from Wayncsborough to Wriglitsborough—taken as the pro perty of Peter Wynn, at the instance of Isaiah Carter. Gross Scruggs, S. B. C. July 26. 1— NOTICE. DURING the absence of the sub scriber, the business of STUB GES ks BUTLER , will be transacted by Mr. ralph ketchum,U> whom those who have demands, will apply for tin ir money, and those indebted, make im mediate payment. Mr. Ketchum will also attend the collection of the debts due the estate of Asa Shaw, deceased. AI! those indebt ed to that estate, are informed, that un less immediate payment is made, suits will be instituted wi'hout discrimina tion. Those who have demands will render them in as i he law directs. JOSI AH ST URGES. Augusta, June 3d, ISO 6. 50 TO RENT, AN eligible stand for business, at present occupied by Mr. Grego ry. For terms apply to DONALD M‘IVER. June 7, 1806. ts. SO TOR THE COLUMBIAN CENTINEL. NO. VIII. To the Members comfiosing the Ainth Congress of the United States. <« Appearances justify suspicion; and when “ the safety of a nation is at stake, suspicion “is a just ground of enquiry.” Junius. Gentlemen* I AM irresistably impelled to address you—Asa freeman, I claim the right, and the yet unimpaired liberty of the press gives me the means. Mark well what this letter contains. You have more withdrawn your selves from the confidence of the people than any congress since Mr Jefferson's election.— Secrecy and indecision have directed your pro ceedings. The blush of indignation mantles the cheek, when we reflect on what has been attempted, what has been done, and what has ta’led respecting our foreign relations in the king session you have been in. If there were a s riot adhesion to tire contrite prayer in the f’hrif-'ar. creed that we have done those things which we ought not to have done, and have left uiuione those things which ought to have been done, your last sitting has manifested it. To you we have dehva’ed ’■nose great |w»«. .t ts, pile serve peace At home and tespcct f r „m a i, r m his extensive contiritm. Con fhc ing l >eal interests ask the first, and a com bined agricultural and general commercial pro perty demand the last. Those are the main objects of congressional legislation. The idea of cons lidadon has been done away. The state assemblies still retain the command of those regulations ha" c-une more home to us. They are interdie’ed fr m interfering with any mea sures which may affect those two great fede ral views. The duties of state government are confined to local concerns- Y nr superior wisdom is to harmonize and manage 7 he general affairs of the Union. Let us see how i. has been displayed on the subject a luded to. When you met, the nation was a ive. Insult, injury < r wrong stared us in the fa e from every quarter. The three great maritime powers of Europe (I consider Hol land identified with France) was before your bar and that of public opinion. The president felt the flame He told you and the nation so. He named Spain specifically ; pointed directly, though not nominally at England, and he was the mildest towards France As the session progressed it is thought the administration changed its tone. The causes for this we cannot find cut as yet. Let the president stand firm on the correctness of his own mea sures, or he censured for them if wrong, let your conduc’ have been what it may—Dilem ma and perplex Lies attend your proceedings, and a division of sentiment amongst the repub lican party become at last evident. The re mains cf he federal republican phalanx cool ly watched the movements of their political an tagonists, a id occasionally smiled at the blun ders they sa.v them committing. When how ever ‘he con’est came to a point, the last join ed that division of Mr. Jdfersons friends who proposed the most manly and correct line of conduct to have been pursued. Until the in junction cf secrecy is removed we cannot • know- all that you have done. We can how ever tell all what you have not and ought to have done. The injunction of secrecy might have been right I blame its long continuance during the session and non removal when you adjourned. Those steps have created great dissatisfaction and gloomy apprehensions It is plain now that mere Spanish territorial dis putes were not the sole object of your secret deliberation By that limited impression the people were lulled to sleep That was not right. I have read somewhere a casuistical expression ‘■ of keeping the promise to the ear and breaking it to the sense." —W as this the plan of that family? To make us believe one thing was doing when a very different one was transacting, was nor the frank conduct of men with republican souls. It may be said that its continuance was necessary, and its removal might have been dangerous I cannot believe either. In a country and under an adminis tration which owes so much to public opinion, ■ the public ought not to be dreaded. They would not when wise measures were pursuing. There can be only one solid ground for secret measures with us in time of peace. To pre vent injury resulting to a pending negotiation, I the doors must be considered as shut against foreign powers, knowing what congress is about and not against the people. The nego cia.ion could not have been affected by the re . m val the last day of the session. Long be fore any news could have reached Europe the real business must have been over. The batt;e 1 cf Auserlitz mav have settled it one wav, or [ the victory off Trafalgar another; perhaps ■ bo*h mav contribute to keep things in sta’uquo • You ought not to have refused the publica i ! catio-i of the president’s message ; you ought to have given your constituents all the infor . mation you could, and have afforded them an opponunity of judging for themselves. You made the trifling appropriation of $ 150,000 foradditional y fortifying all the ports and har bors of the United States. You refused to augment our land forces, although our limits | are nearly doubled, and thousands of people t passed under your government and protection, . neither speaking our language, professing onr religion, nor reconciled to our policy. It is true, you have voted g 250,000 to build 50 gun boats, and have sparingly appropriated jg 20,000 subject to th« president’* discretion, SATURDAY* AUGUST 16, 1806. to equip, officer and man them. When built, will the last sum send them to sea? How long will it keep them in service? You have also authorized the president to call out 100,000 militia, and have applied 2 000 0(30 of dollars to defray the expense. This sounds well; but you have published the skeleton of the general militia returns laid before you, which ought never to have been done until it was complete. —lt was the best ground for the report cf the select committee in the house cf represen tatives, the severest sarcasm on our means of defence, and will make us laughed at by all military men. the grand total which if all l have seen, I will just extract the following, referingthe curiousto the returns themselves: Privates 4rC,095 Waggon Master j State Engeniers 1 General j Commissary generals 2 Forage Master") j Pay -mastfer General J General J Physician General I Farriers to the") c j ApotUudiry General 1 Dragoons ) Musicians ** 10,579 Saddlers to ditto SO Grenadiers,") Pioneers 245 rank St file j * ' Catawba warriors7 q Dragoons 17,675 in South-Carolira J Depu y Adjutant 7 Light Infantry, 7 General 3 rank and file, j With such returns before you, how could you adjourn, ami leave your country in the de fenceless state it is ? They shew the disorgan ized condition of the force you have solely re lied on, and our unprepared state, which in vites insult and attack. Why was the report of the select committee in the house of repre sentatives negatived before these returns wer* made by the president which was not com municated by him until the 11th April ? You cannot on any safe principle justify the vote of two millions of dollars to buy the Flori da* of Spain, and the money to go by an indi rect channel into the coffers of France. Her “ Eagle.eyed adversary” will view it in the shape of a loan, but which, whatever may be thought, cannot be asserted till all your secret deliberations are made known to 11s. All that I will now say on this measure, is, that money is emphatically the sinews of war. France wants it peculiarly on account of having little or no foreign commerce, and her extensive war like operations. The ratification of the Tripolitan treaty, by which we violated our plighted Christian faith to a Mussulman Prince, and pa d our money to a cruel enemy (contrary to the opinion of our best officers on the Mediterranran service) was the act of the treaty making power But tke house of representatives completed the ig nomv of the transaction by the singular vme to the fugi ive prince, of §2,400, in lieu of a sovereignty half conquered, and that could have been secured to him ; and with it hi* gratitude, friendship and interest ; beside* high respectability in those seas. The only reason given in favor of the treaty, appears completely to have failed. Our fellow-citizens, captives in the place, were not in the state of danger Lear represented. Eaton proves the truth of the r:al transaction. If we doubt which to believe, Eaton’s native state has re cognized and rewarded his merit. You have given Irma sword, and created an American Derne, to perpetate his zeal, services and fame, in the land that gave birth to Hannibal. Why were the high sentiments of the pre sident as to Spain not sustained by you? Why were the steps against Great Britain began in both houses, when the president did name her, and that one of our ablest statesman was nego tiating a settlement of differences with her ? Why did they afi fa ; l except Nicholson’s reso lutions ? Why have they crossed the ocean in a lame state—non effective until 15th November next ? The act prdicated on them, is of so im portant a nature, as will induce me to devote the whole of my next letter to you. Why were it so difficult to inhibit the forced trade with the revoked slaves of St. Dorningo ? and why did you by limiting 'he duration of the act, and the way in Which it ir, passed, justify the right of trading with them without the consent of France? The president has not arraigned the conduct of that government; her national ves sels have seldom injured our commerce. As to her authorised cruisers who have plundered, her functionaries here have shewn a disposi tion to do what is right. lam aware (hat she is now in comparison, tc eak on the ocean ; but all powerful on land". Our commerce it highly beneficial to her ; our carrying trade •till more so. In short, she knows our value, if we could make ourselves respect ed. Why then encourage the revoherc? Your proceedings and the conduct of the administration are inexplicable. The presi dent found he nad been two explicit with Spain at first, and he then receded ; or he v. as wil ling to have gone on, and you would not se cond him ? Why and how did he recede ? Why were General Juneau’s two strong letters respecting the St. Domingo trade unanswered ? Did he write any others protective of Spanish claims ? The language of those letters, if used in support of Spain, ought not to have been born with, because we have just demands against her. The St. Domingo trade wa* wrong, against the consent of France, whose colony it is. Besides Nicholson's Biistes Plaister, it appears a fatal posset was preparing for England, in the shape of Gregg’s Resolutions. They struck at her vital existence as a nation, in the pre sent contest. Site can alone maintain it by her manufacture, commerce and colonies ; by them she acquires that wealth which supports her navies and armies, and bears her up against such unequal fares m is against fcsr ; swor.*r