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Cedartown advertiser. (Cedartown, Ga.) 1878-1889, July 17, 1879, Image 1

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She PUBLISHED imr THURSDAY MORNING. WM. BBADPOSD, Editor, TXBM8 OF SUBSCRIPTION: 1 Copy one year - TERMS—Cash In Advance. ADVERTISER PUBLISHING CO., ClDUrOWN, Gi. Cedartown Advertiser. OLD SERIES-VOL. VI. NO. 18. CEDARTOWN, GA., JULY 17, 1879. NEW SERIES—VOL. I. NO. 31. Sht |Mwrti$rr. ADVERTISING RATES. i«o umn w l ta I iu « iu. 1 y. 18 0,' !lo>' IB 00 20 u. ((<« 18 00 *£> 00 LOCAL NOTICES—Ten rente per line r>rone lii.'ertlon. For two or more insertions, flvo- cen.s per line each .nse.uon. OBITUARY NOTICES—Charged at naif rataa. ASSIST EACH OTHER. Lend a hand to one another In the daily toil of life ; When we meet a weaker brother, Let us help him in • h • strife. There is none »o rtoii bnt may, In h» turn, be forced to borrow ; And ihe.poor man's torn to-day M»y became our own to-morrow. Lend a hand to one another ; And when rumor's tongue has thrown Dark suspicions on your brother, lie not prompt to ca*t a stone; There is none so good but may Bun adrilt in shame and sorrow ; And the beafc of them to-day May become the worst to-morrow. Lend a hand to one another In tbis race for honor's crown ; Should it fall upon your br ther, Let not envy tear it down. LenJ a band to-ail I sav, In tbeir snosbine and their sorrow. And >he prize we've lost to-day May become our own to-morrow. the reason why the wages had been cut i ! down; I understood it all, and my blood: j boiled. I felt that I would save the road if I I lived, and told Roberts so. “Bee that you do it, Harry I” he replied, as he climbed qp on the steps of the coach which was coupled to my engine. “ I sprang up into the foot-board, got up the switch-tender to help my fireman, opened the trottle, and just as she com menced moving, looked at my watch, it was just 11 o’clock, so that I had one hour to make seventy-five miles. “From V to C there were few curves on the road, but there were several heavy grades. I was perfectly acquainted with every rod of it, so that I knew exactly what I had to encounter, and when I saw how the engine moved, I felt very litt fear for the result. The road for the first few miles was Killing a Kangaroo. “We were to assemble next morning at our friend’s station for breakfast, after which we were to join a large party that liad as sembled at the place selected for the hunt. It was a lovely morning, with a fine, brisk wind blowing, just sufficient to dry up all the moisture from the atmosphere. We ar rived upon the ground in good time, and found those whom we were to join already waiting for us. The dogs which accompa nied them for the purposes of the hunt were unlike what we had been accustomed to in the more civilized neighborhood of Mel bourne. They were a kind of large, bob}* greyhound—a cross between the greyhound and Scotch deerhound; and it was explained that instead of following their quarry by scent, they hunted entirely by sight. The Trees and their Names. district which bad been selected was not | airline and so smooth that my engine flew very prolific in kangaroo, as it is deemed ' along with scarcely a preceptible jar. 1 1 better to select localities where a few are i was so busy posting myself up as to the sure to be found, but not in large flocks, as Seventy-five Miles an Hour. I had spent a night in a stage, a day in a saddle, a night in a sleeping-car, half a day doing business, half a day in bed, and was, after supper, enjoying a cigar apd a news paper, in the reading room of the Redwood House, Fayette, Ind. The newspaper was uninteresting, or.clse I was rather sleepy— and I guess it was a little of both—so that 1 aoon neglected it, to watch the fantastic curling of the smoke from my fine-flavored cigar. I didn’t feel much like talking, and felt still less like reading; but I did feel as if 1 would like exceedingly well to hear a good st )ry. t 1 had barely come to this conclusion, and commenced wishing for some one of my ac quaintances to amuse me till the time was up for the train which was to take me to Indianapolis, when I recognized, in the person who sat next to me, a fellow-trave ler in the sleeping-car of the night before. He, too, had laid aside his paper, and was apparently, like me, watching the smoke of bis cigar, and wishing for absent m friends to keep him company. He was a very agreeable-looking little man, with a clear, gray eye, light hair, sandy whiskers, and smiling mouth. In deed, he had so much the appearance of the man that I would like to hear tell a story, that I thought Dame Fortune had smiled upon me, when he recognized me with a genial, “How d’ye do, stranger?” I returned his salutation, and asked him some common-place questions about how he had enjoy ad the ride we had together. Ae said something in reply about the; amount of wood and water, eta, that we danced by the first station almost before I was aware of it, having been five minutes out and having five miles accomplished. “You are losing time!” yelled a voice from the coach. I looked around, and there stood Roberts with his watch in his liand. “I knew very well that we would have to increase our speed by some means, if we carried out our plans of reaching C—— by midnight, and looked anxiously around, to see what I could do to accomplish that pur- it is difficult under these circumstances to separate them, and the dogs are apt to se lect an animal for themselves, instead of all keeping to one in particular. We were soon ‘on to an old man,’ who led us at a rat tling pace. At first it was very treacherous work riding through the thick bush, and it was necessary to keep a sharp lookout sim ultaneously for the eyes, the knees, and the neck. The saddles used in the bush have large knee-pads, to prevent any injur}* to j fetched in Italy as much as thirty gold the knees; for it is impossible o*l! all occa-j ducats, and were sold largely, as Sir T. ^ sions, especially when riding after cattle'Brows tells us, in England It was pose. "she wa8*blowin (r off steain**fiercely I through the bush, to prevent the face and j‘hought that the plant would grow only one hundred pounds? so I turned down i ey“ coming in contact with Ihe branches, under a murderer’s gibbet, being nursed by 2 valve to two hundred, for I know we i and also to guard against the number of I he fat which fell from his decaying body; need it all to make some of the i hidden, fallen trees, which has lxjen over-; hence it formed an ingredient in the love- which lay between us and ! grown with ferns and grasses. The horse, i philtries and other liell-brotba of witches, ‘ — 1 — 1 and, as it was believed that the root when torn from the earth emitted a shriek, which Not a few strange superstitions and be liefs are embalmed in welhknown names. The Celandine, from Chelidon, the swal low exudes a yellow juice, which applied by the old birds to the eyes of the young swallows who are bom blind or have lost their sight, at once restores it The Hawk- weed has the same virtue in the case of hawks. The Fumatory, fume-terre, was produced without seed by smoke or vapor arising from the ground. The Devil’s-bit is a common Scabious, with a premorse or shortened root, which was used so success fully, for all manner of diseases that the Devil spitefully bit it off, and forever checked its growth. The Judal tree with its thorns and pink blossoms, was the tree on which J udas hanged himself. The Man drake gathered around itself a host of wild credulities. It was the Atropa Maudragora, a plant nearly allied to the deadly Night shade, but with a large forked tuber, re sembling the human form. Hence it was held to remove sterility, a belief shared by Rachel in the book of Genesis, and was sold for high prices in the middle ages, with this idea. In fact, the demand being greater than the supply, the dealer used to cut the large roots of the White Biyany into the figure of a man and insert grains of wheat or millet in the head and face, which soon sprouted and grew, producing the semblance of hair and beard. These monstrosities the q < ~ | however, which has been bred in and is ‘fit was three miles to the next station, accustomed to the bush, is itself very care- Wifti the exception of a few curves, the j ^» an ^ ^ the rider has a tight hand, and tra<S was as good as the last. As we dart- ®ts steadily and easily, yet closely to his ed around what commonly seemed to be a i 8 ^ ee d, he is almost sure to be carried safely rather long curve, at the station, but which was, at our high speed, short enough, I looked at my watch; and we had done it in two minutes and a half. “Gaining,” I shouted back to Roberts, who was yet standing on the platform of the coach. “Lookout for the heavy grades, he re plied and went inside the car. “The next six miles rose gradually from a level the first, to ten and a half feet grade the last, which lay between us and the next station. My fireman kept her full; and now she began to get hot. The fur nace door was red, and the steam raised continually; so that she kept her speed, and passed the station, like a streak of light, in five minutes. “Now came nine miles like the last; over which she kept pace with her time and passed the station in seven and a half rainures. Here, for ten miles, we had a twenty-foot through all difficulties. The pace, as I have said, was very great at first, but it gradual ly slackened as we proceeded, and the ani mals began to tire. Some of our party had already had enough of it, and a hcree ridden by the owner of two of the best dogs in the pack had got badly staked. Presently we came to cultivated land, and here the kan garoo endeavored to intercept us by placing a pretty stiff ‘log fence’ between him and bis pursuers. But he might have saved himself the trouble, ‘poor old man, ’ had be known w*hat a small batch of horsemen and dogs behind him couid do in the way of overcoming these obstacles; and when he brought death to those who heard it, all man ner of terrible devices were invented to ob tain it. The readers of Thalaba will re member the fine scene in which the witch Khawla procures the plant to form part of the waxen figure of the Destroyer. It is not uncommon in Crete and Southern Italy. Its Luit is narcotic; and its name is pro bably derived from mandra, an enclosed, overgrown place, such as forms its usual home. Carpenter Birds. The bill of the little tomtit, though short, is exceedingly strong, and in the formation of their nests they cut away until they get an upward winding entrance. Even in old perceived that even this last effort was of j ®t° ne "walls there is the same formation, no avail, and that he was still pursued, he ; experiment was once made with this evidently began to lose heart, and soon came I bird to test the P° wer it® bill, while con- to a standstill. The dogs cautiously m ap- tined in a cage. In a common wire cage it preached him now—cautiously, I say, for they were ‘old hands, ’ and well knew the terrible use ‘the old man’ could make of bis toes when driven to desperation in this could not be confined many minutes, as it warped the wires aside, first with its bill and then with its Ixxly, until it got rout. But upon being tried in a cage of waxed - - - j - , wav; and most of the dogs bore testimony i thread instead of wire, and finding it un- running being too fast for the poor track ;; grade to encounter; but the worst of it all | 0 f p 0wer8 by t b e lar^e scars which were i manageable, it attacked the wood-work, and from this the conversation ran upon ; was, at this place we would be obliged to j vig jb| e on their sides, f °r a kangaroo can j all(1 thrusting in its bill, used it as a wedge, fast traveling in general, for some time. At! stop for wood I was just going to speak ! a or anything which attacks him, ; Half the force, had it been at liberty, would last 1 remarked that sixty miles an hour! to Roberts about it, when I looked around j j n tb e ^st wholesale manner, by the use 1 have proved sufficient to have hewn out a was the most speedy traveling that I had \ and saw him fi ling the tender from the! 0 £ tbe gbar p claws attached to his legs. ne8t bcle in the trunk of a partially decayed ever done. Whereupon my friend informed, coach with wood which had been placed d0‘*8 were now called off, and one of !tree. Another of these little carpenters is me, with a pleasant but knowing smile, j there before starting, while he was gone tbe ° dismounted string behind the I the nuthatch. This bird is also a mason, that he had traveled considerably faster j after me. animal, while another faced hini? with a i The peculiar form, wedge-like and abrupt than that, and, in fact, faster than he had ; i believe we would have made this ten heavily loaded hunting whip in order to ending of its bill, makes it very easy to be ever heard of, besides. _ Of course I was. miles with the same speed as before; but, dispatch him. This was no’easy matter, understood how this bird may do its work. parts of her body thirty or forty times, al-; most cutting her to pieces. The fiend was caught while the body was still warm, and was about to be summarily hung by the people—every man in the place except the Judge ready to assist—when the Judge in terfered after this wise: “Boys, you must not do it that way. The man must die, but I won’t have you dis- grfiCfc-i&anta Cruz and yourselves by hanging a man without a trial. Bring him to the Court room. I’ll empanel a jury and try him in the regular way, and if the jury find him guilty justice shall be done without violence to the majesty of the law.” The mob obeyed, and was resolved into a pome comitatuSy according to the notion of those who composed it, and the prisoner was arraigned before Court. A jury was selected, but no counsel was appointed, for there was no lawyer in the place. The Judge conducted the proceedings, and, when the evidence was closed, the case was pre sented to the jury, who rendered a verdict of ^'•nity of murder in the first degree. The Judge, after examining the volume in calf,, announced: . “I find no law exactly applicable to this case, but my judgment is that the prisoner, having been found guilty of murder in the first degree, shall have one hour to prepare himself, and then he shall be shot.” No persona were appointed to do the shooting, but after the expiration of an hour the condemned was tied to a tree, the crowd retired a convenient distance, the word was given, every man who felt inclined “blazed away,” and there were more bullet holes in his body than knife wounds in the body of his murdered victim. Thus Banta Cruz was saved from the disgrace of a man being hung by a mob. The Judge, having witnessed the execu tion, immediately wrote an account of the proceedings and dispatched it by a courier to Governor Mason. When the courier returned he brought with him a letter severe ly reprimanding him for having transgressed the law so outrageously and warning hiur against the repetition of a similar offence. A second courier was dispatched with another letter to the Governor, informing ham that if he supposed that the writer (Blackburn) had been serving as Alcalde for the honor or profit of the office he was much mistaken; ihat he (Blackburn) had accepted the place to preserve good order and to administer justice in his neighbor hood, and if the Governor did not like his way of doing he might take the commission and go to the devil with it. Sea Wonders. A Hero In Disguise. The Fortress of Lourdes* The ideas about coral which people have „ ^ e . on a , 8t f unctl bl ??» belonging in who have never seen it in its living state M ame » but ^bng from Port- are generally erroneous. They know it as | a beautifully white ornament under a glass ° ,n WQa / ' nr ° ,r ‘ T ' nr rmo ^ TT “”' r Martin was our skipper—one of the very best sailors and one of the best men I ever sailed with. We were loaded with shooks, lumber and working-tools, together with several small steam engines for sugar-mak ing purposes, and were all ready for sailing, save the lack of a man before the mast. We needed two, but Capt. Martin said if he could find one really good seaman he would put up with him, and do full deck duty ^ himself. So word was left with two or out of the older trees. Flat, 'circuit “tables j thre ? keepers °f sailor boarding houses that of dingy brown, growing one over another, l wante< *. ? De able seaman, and we with spaces under each. These attain a ho F d that would answer the purpose, great size, extending for yards without a shade, or in delicate pink branches in their jewelry, and they imagine living coral is like these. Their ideas are helped along by the common misnomer of trees and bran ches, as applied to coral. I have never seen it in the South Sea Islands, but throughout the Eastern seas the most com mon variety takes a laminated form, not unlike the large fungi to be met with any summer’s day in an English wo<xi growing break, so that the bottom of the sea is per fectly level. This kind is much sought after by lime burners. Another species grows in detached bosses, like thick stemmed BRIEFS. —Bonner has paid about $350,000 for trotters. —Paris drinks more than a hundred million quarts of beer a year. —There are 10,000 miles of telegraph wire under ground in London. —Miss Mildred Lee, daughter of General Robert E. Lee, is traveling in Syria. —The Prince of Wales is Tory in Dolitics and Broad High Churcn in re ligion. —Vice President Wheeler is troubled wiih chronic sleeplessness, the disease that killed Horace Greeley. —Boston is bragging of 100,000 bulbs of all varieties mostly tulips, in blos som in its public garden. —The German Empire has 21 nniver- Seamen were scarce at that time. It was just at the close of the war, and able sea men out of work had not yet felt the need of employment. A day passed, and a night, i sities. wlrh 1250 professors, and more iuno tin ^, ini imm _ and Martin had resolved that he would take ! than 17,000 students. plants * which "^"'gardener has” trimmed the first decent-looking lubber He could find, —The -tally consumption of milk in around the top. These clumps grow out of. an t0 w , ken ’,.j ust as our cook 1^1 New York city approaches 400,000 the sand, and stand up in dull brown against i waa k la S u p the breakfast pans, there came quarts, and at least $25,000,000 are iu- the white flooring. A third pattern u a hail from the wharf lrkc the roar of an vested by farmers in this industry. spiked like stag’s homs tangled together, c c 7’,, ant ‘ , 0r ,° „ •!> u i T —The bronze s tatue of Voltaire, by and is of a dingier brown than the first; its' Ba-a-l°. Bng ahoy! Isay yeou . ; j ae q Ue g Maillet, \flis untSoVcTed on spikes collect the drifting weeds, and its I We looked up and be*jdd t h e man w ^ () , fKe p lace de la j£ a j r j e< 0 f the Eleventh appearance is consequently untidy. There p w ° ed tliat ^ 0lce he was a man to Aroudissement m Paris, on tne 30th of are scores of varieties of corals and madre-, °° k 8u , re '>'-. a se * n '..° ot *° May. pores, but the three mentioned are those ^ overlooked until be had been studied. Ic —A life-size statue of Mr. Gladstone which principally make up the mass which f rame he waa a Birnple Hercules—-standing | )as pieced in jjic Manchester is ever growing under the still waters inside we afterward found) just six feet two (England) Town nail. The attitude is the reef. At Maheburg the reef is distant kla at f ks ’ a P air of shoulders .nib to be perfectly ehsracteristic and seven miles from the shore, and the whole of thi9 great lagoon is in process of filling up by coral. There are one or two holes, left capriciously, and a channel which the river has cut to the reef which it pierces in what is locally “a pass.” Everywhere else the bottom is only a few feet under water, and is always slowly rising. The various corals, the patches of silver sand, the deep winding channel, lend each a tint to the water—sapphire blue, where it is deepest, sea-green with emeral flecks, or cerulean blue shot with opaline tints, in the shallows. The reef is a solid wall, shelving toward shore, absolutely perpendicular toward the ocean, and varies in width from twenty to one hundred yards. Against the outer face like the shoulders of a huge draught-ox. the likeness excellent. He was clad in a suit of homespun, and | -statistic, printed in the American bore upon his shoulder an enormous clothes- j shlp ., low th:lt since Js33 une hulll ]red bug a regular seamans bag filled full, ,-md forty-three vessels hive been lost and packed solid, with clothing. In face ; at sea and with them two hundred and the man was of the pure, unadulterated, conventional Yankee stamp, and the whole man was in keeping—ferret eyes, broad mouth, prominent cheek-bones, tangled, carroty hair, and all. Capt. Martin, just out from the cabin, responded to him. “Sa ay! Is this ere the brig ’at’s baound for Cuby, and wants a man ?” “Yes.” “Be yeou Capt. Martin ?” I am the man." the rollers rage incessantly. Swell follows tide was «t its lowest ebb, and the swell, smoothly and regularly. There is no ™ 1 ° f tha Jrl 8 la - r n far be '°'T the edge of the hurry, for here there is no snelving bottom : wharf - J he “ a ° flun ? h,9heav }' beg down to keep them back. On they come, separ- deek ; and t he reached forward, atiDg their ink-blue masses from the tumble , wlt ? a s b nn b' an( ^ caught the topgallant- Parallel with the Yal d’Ossau runs a valley* -that of Argelez, commonly called the Paradise of the Pryenees. It i8 of surpassing loveliness, truly: bright in due season with varied crops, the maize predominating; gay with grass pasture lands of a vivid dazzling green; av^ping luxuriant woods; the roadw ' festooned with vines, rich with 5;- djbherry trees, in springtime a magf of snowy blossoms; the whqf*.- coral with which storms have strewed the of the ocean, rearing aloft their crests, like living things anxious to try their strength, and fall with a roar on its edge as it stands up to meet them. You can stand within a few feet of the practically bottomless sea and watch them tumble, with the water no further than your knees, as the surge of their onward rush carries across the reef. To stand so and watch them coming on ap pears, to one not used to the sight, to court destruction; the wave is so vast, its crest rising higher as it advances shuts out the sea beyond, nothing can be seen but a wall of water rolling on; its strength is so appar ent, so irresistible, and the pause it appears to take as the top curls over seems to check your breath. The rocks and lumps of dead backstay in his hands, and followed his bag like a catamount. \Hayr I be, Captin, and wantT go to Cuby with you.” “But,” said Martin, rather dubiously, looking the man over from head to foot, “are you used to the sea ?” “Wall—I reckon! Up on PawdunkLake, in Aroostook, I built a bxit with my own hands, and rigged it, tew ; and I telL yeou —I could just sail it some. O, yeou git out!” Aye—boat sailing on an Aroostook lake and a brig on the Atlantic are two different things. Can you hand, reef and steer!” ‘ ‘Aye—I reckon. ” “You know what I mean by those terms, do you?” “Sartin, old feller.” “Well—can you say the compass—whole valley watered with innumerable rills. . rcef ^ and dl Tj the pools of limpid n vou v U is cursed nevertheless, with the same | ? ater “ f he kolea 81 nk s T points. h^aod qStera ,, ,. , ’ . awav, their surface glassy, and their depths ” “v, , . , . lell disease which affl.cta the most full J of . color and strange-shaped living' _ aas-but what’s the use o’ puttin’ in beautiful valleys of Switzerland; ere- things, then the roller breaks and sends a two lives. —A bird’s irest, containing four blue was found at Bridgeport, Conn., Ia*t week, on a oar of marble> which came from Massachusetts. It was built in a corner of a platform car, and made the journey wirhout injnry. —An ounce of bread wasted daily in each household in England and Wales mean3 about 25.000,000quartern loaves, the produce ol 3j.u00 acres of wheat in a year; w hile au ounce a week of meat wasted amounts to 300,000 sheep. —There are said to have been 508 ap plications for the post of public execu tioner of Paris, made vacant by the death of M. Roch, Amongst the appli. cants were 87 doctors of medicine and 21 cabmen, —America munches about one mil lion bushels of peanuts a year. They come from Virginia, Tenne*c-*ee and North Carolina, the coming crop from ttresp Scares being estimated at 1,293,- 000 bushels. —Senator and Mrs. Brucc.have de termined to give their infant son the baptismal name of Roscoe Ccnkling, The child will be taken to Cleveland, Ohio, for baptism immediately follow ing tne adjournment of Congress. • —A shark 12 feet lqiig became en tangled in ihe propeller,of, the steam ship «u:f Stream, when off Charleston harbor, recently, and, ttroagli killed, caused great difficulty in the working of her machinery. The carea9e was extricated aud taken to Charleston. —During thelanyear France contri- anxiouatoBnow where, how, and when he through the crelessness of ihe fireman, the ■ as the kangaroo would ward off the blow I A nuthatch having been confined in a cage j*cju g|B extreuit q v prevalent aud the 1 puree of water hissino- hv and the reef has i bnd done it; and, after the modest assur- fountain-valve, on the left-Yand side of tlie> with his onus and hands, showing the “skill ' of °« k andlwire, supplied with f~xi ,8 r excre m ly prt.v<u t n , auu l e .urge ot water hissing by, and the reef lias ranee that be feared his tale would, not be | engine, go, op^ued, and the water rose in! of „ ex^“fenc^ Twonld often eating and drinking at pleasu£ goitre makers,, filueotrs w*cre J. a- j sank beneath the fKira and bubbling water. ■ interesting, ray friend relieved my anxiety | t he boiler so fast as to run the steam down | endeavor to charge his opponent in front: wouId 8 P™ d the intervals in battering the by relating the following story: I am a railroad engineer. Aw$iy long in ’67, during the great panic, I was run ning on the F. & C. R. R. The railroad companies were going under in all direc tions. Every day we heard of new fail ures; and cjuite often in a quarter where we least expected it. Our road was generally looked upon as one of the most substantial in the nation; nobody seemed to have any fears that it w r ould fail to survive tne ge neral mash-up. But yet I did not fully share in the general confidence. Wages were cut down; arrearages collected; and ^ great many other little matters seemed to indicate to me that the road had got into rather deeper water than was agreeable all around. Among other things, the master mechanic had to!d me in the spring that the company had ordered four first quality Taunton engines for the fall passenger bu siness. The road was put up in the very best condition, and other preparations were made to cut down the time, and put the trains through quicker than ever known be fore, when the new engines should come. Well, there was but one of the engines came. “I said there was but one engine came; to one hundred pounds, before I discovered 1 but, fortunately for the enemy, who other- fram8 °* his cage ; the sound being so great Where the difficulty lay. : wise would not fail to feel the animal's fury, to be heard in an adjoining room, with At first Roberts did’nt appear to notice ■ there was another behind, who would at the decrease of speed, aud kept at work at the wood as if for dear Ufa But present- sy, he looked up; and, seeing that the speed had decreased, he shouted: “Harry, we are stopping 1” and then coming over to where I was, he said, “Why, here we have been ten minutes on the last ten miles, and I believe we will come to a dead stand if something is not done. The speed is con tinually slacking! What is the matter?” I explained the cause. He was appa rently satisfied with my explanation, and, after having titd down the safety valve, he climbed over the tender, exhorting to put iier through, for God’s sake, or we are all begg»rs together l” Just then we passed the next station, having taken nine minutes for eight miles. We Were now more than half over the road; we had lost nearly ten minutes time, and had left only twenty-seven minutes to do thirty-four miles. I had shut the water off from both my pumps, a little distance back, when I dis covered what was the matter, and she was . . . . . . , - . i now making steam finely down a slight but she was, in my o.umon altogether the, du . Fr0 ? n lees than one hundred T “ th best ever turned out of the Tautou Works; t® Uch we startcd 0Ter that ten ’ nliles this moment seize him by the tail, and, by a well-directed blow from his loaded whip on the animal's head, put an end to the combat.” Peruvian Temples of the Fun. Of the early history of the Peruvians we have but little knowledge, owing to that barbarian policy exercised by the followers of Cortez and Pizarro, in destroying every thing belonging to the tribes which they conquered. Like the Mexicans, the Peru vians had advanced in art, science and learning, under the administration of suc cessive wise rulers, and their State archives contained written histories of their country, from the dawn of civilization among them, to the period of the conquest. But the superstitious Spainards committed these works to the flames, because of their heathen origin, and we are obliged to de pend almost exclusively on the truth of tra dition for the knowledge we possess of the closed doors. He had a special fancy for the corner pillars of his cage; on these Jie spent his most elaborate taps, and thongh he had occupied the cage but a day, the wood was pierced and worn like a piece of old worm-eaten timber. He probably had an idea that if the main beams could be taken down, the rest would fall and free him. Once he succeeded in opening the door, and when it was tied in a double knot Running Away with, an Aunt. ture seems sublime. As if to bar ad mission to this enchanting region, the old fortress town of Lourdes is perched at the mouth of the defile; defianLstill. j “I have an order for your arrest,” but not ol supreme importance now, as j remarked the officer addressing a sup- in ancient times. Alter the fatal bat- : posed criminal. tie of Tours, when 300,000 Moslems fell, I “For what?” was the indignant in- the Saracens flying before Charles Mar- ! terregatory. tel, “the Hammer,” rallied beneath the wails of Lourdes. It was again and tigain a bone of contention, most of all when the English owned it, in the with a strong cord, the constant application , , ^. .... ^ . . of his beak quickly unloosened it At the r , ei « n of “ 1 ; . Itle Duke of open space where the water-cup was placed, fiuding it too small to insert his body, he would dig and hammer with his pickaxe of a beak to enlarge the circle. This hammer ing was peculiarly laborious, for he did not perch, but taking hold of the side of the cage with his immense feet, swung, as it were, on a pivot at every stroka All night long, at the interval of every ten minutes, he kept up bis hard work, but be fore morning dawned, he lay lifeless on the floor of the cage, actually dying from over-, work. Many animals with similar habits of carpentry would not have so used them, history ''f this people during the Inca dy-! but would have been distracted and puzzled nasty. The most magnificent of all the j out of their confinement. Woodpeckers of Peruvian temples was that of the sun at | every species are carpenters in the seuse in and that is saying as much as can be said g^^h, she had two hundred pounds be- Cuzzo. The mode of worship in this tern-! which w*e have used thHterm; that is, they in praise of any engine. She was P ut in f ore W e finished it; and, as the gau<re indi-: P^ e was similar to that of Heliopolis in not only bore into trees in pursuit of food, my charge immediately, with the under- n0 higher than that and the valve i Egypt, where this great luminary was : in the shape of insects, but chisel out holes standing that she was mine. ! was t j ed dowl , j ^uid no t tell how much adored. His golden image occupied a large ‘ for their nests. This abode is neither lined “ is was Saturday when she came out of over tw0 hundred pounds she carried, but portion of one side of the interior of the i with feathers, grass or straw, but the eggs theshop, and I was to take a special train ghe certa i n ]y carri.d none less the rest of | tem P le i before this the worshippers are deposited in the hole without anything up to \ . The train was to carry up j the j ourne y > And well might she carry! prostrated themselves with rich offerings iu | to keep them warm. It would seem as the president, and several officers of the ! such an en0 nTi 0U s head of steam; for after i their hands, which were received by the at- though, being endowed by Providence with roae, to meet some officers of another road, pa8 ^ na over t jj at ten mjjgg gjo-ht inin- j tendant priests. Two or three virgins, se- ■ such an instiuct, they must take as great which crossed ours there, and arrange some , ute « ^ ere j a y ten m iieg 0 f five-feet up- j lect ed from the first families in tlieir king- pleasure in the employment cf these facul- important business with them. | and f ourte€n miles of twenty-feet-to-! dom » were * n constant attendance, whose \ ties as we do in the most agreeable occupa- the-mile depression between us and C ,! dut y it was to make oblations of wine to | tions. But of all the birds which earn their add it w*as now eleven o’clock and forty- the deity, and chant hymns of praise to the i subsistence by spoil, none lead a life so la- seven minutes. ! great Father of- Light. Like other abori- borious and so painful as the woodpecker. ‘I had no trouble at all making my for ty miles an hour going out. The engine handled herself most beautifully. We were just holding up at Y , when Aid- Anjou vainly besieged it, and having failed at the citadel, burnt down the town in his lage. More insidious meth ods succeeded open attack, and at the Duke’s instance. Gaston Phoebus of Foix, having summoned Peter Ernault its governor, to visit him at Orthez, plied him w*irh persuasion, threats, and bribes in turn, but failing in all, sud- Jeniy stabbed him in five places. “Ha, monseigneur I” cried the poor knight, “vous ne faites pas gentilesse, vous m’aves et vous m’oeeiez.” He died thus for his duty; but treachery pros pered not, for his brother, whom be had left in cotnmand, continued to hold Lourdes. More recently, this castle was the prison of Lord Elgin, whom, iu 1804, Napoleon seized aud in<*arcar- ated for no reason but to affront Eng land and stir up war. Its memorable history is its strong point, for Lourdes is now' a dirty, uninteresting town; only of late years it has gained a cer tain lustre from the alleged miracu lous apparition of the Virgin to « maiden of the place—a revelat.on fol- Now the engine was hot in earnest. The ! gi ne ® of this continent, the Peruvians were j In order to seek for its food, it is obliged to | owed by l be bursting forth of a heal- dic tribes, aud gained a subsistance : bore the bark and hard fibres of trees. Ne- * n £ spring trom the rock. Now crowds rich, the treasurer, who had come out on furnace door? amoke arch and chimney, all i nomadic tribes, aud gained a smisisiance . the platform to put the brake on, slipped i were w hile she seemed to fly onward > by hunting and fishing. Superstitious in j cessity never suffers any interval of labor, and fell. As we v^ere yet under good head-! ^ t he veiy Evil One himself operated her I the extreme, their objects of worship were I it never shares in the cheerful sports of way, he was very much injured, and was \ mac hinery. ^ numerous as those of the Egyutiiw ! other birds; it will not join in tbeir meny carried off to the hotel insensible. ; Six miliutea carried us over that ten ! _ : ^ng, but sings its wild, sad note in the “According to the president s directions, I switched off my train, turned my engine, and stood ready to start back to C- at a moment’s notice. “Aldrich’s presence was of so much im portance, that the business could not be transacted without him; so all those I had miles; and we darted by the last station that had Iain between us and C . Now we had fourteen miles to go, and my time showed eleven o’clock and fifty-three minutes. Domesticated silkwo The magnificent silk-farsn North ! Italy show the domesticate « si a-worm at j his best. In these great nurseries the worm ! The Alcalde of Santa Crux. of deveteeg annually make pilgrimage ihitber; the halt and the maimed come to be cured, and leave behind their crutches and other offerings in the pret ty white church which has been built above the grotto de la Vierges. . Judge Blackburn was Alcalde of Santa “If Hive,” said I to myself, “I will is watched over with unremitting care, from \ Cruz, Monterey county, California, under ’ ,1-0 it ” ArtH trt, that I th*» mnmmt whon a hio^L- h« the regime of Governor Mason. The Immensity of London. . . ^ . ., - ... ; make it.” And we plunged down that | the moment when, a viny black thread, he brought out, except the president and Aid- twenty-foot grade with all steam on. Per- chips the shell, until, a corpulent mass of rich, went ac to C* on the *3 o clock , w h 0 saw the train on that wild run, j waddling whiteness, he leaves off eating, express rain. This was the last regular that is was so soon after they heard the anc clothes himself in the golden sheathing tram which w,is to pass over the road until firet of her approach , when the ‘of the many-threaded cocoon. The noh2 a /S?* i A . onda J • -I A.t ,. strange object, which looked as if it was a j made by the many thousand worms, as they “Early m the evening I left the machine flame of ^ re? darU;d by , Md then the browse on the fresh-picked leaves, has been _n charge of ni} fireman, and wen. over to i sound Q f its traveling died away in the dls- 1 not inaptly compared to that caused by wi ea mg- »ouse, to see if I could not spent; ta nce, they could hardly convince them-; grazing sheep, while scores of spindles are the tune more pleasantly than on my en-1 g^gg they had really seen anything. It! ever busy in reeling off the yellow film that gjne. The hours dragged themselves away seenied more d k e the creature of a wild I is the future grist for the silk-mills, of siowJy I was playing a game of dominous, drearn then a g^ reality. j Lyons, Genoa, and Lombardy. Unfortu- with the station-agent, when in came Ro- And now let me tell you that no engine nately, for some quarter of a century past, ever beat the time we made on those four- the silkworm farms of France and Italy teen miles. Those great wheels, seven feet have been scourged by a malady, akin to in diameter, spun around so swift that you the oidiuin in vines and to potato disease, couldn’t begin to count the revolutions, under the influence of which the worms The engine barely seemed to touch the track sicken and perish by millions. No domes- as she flew along; and although the track tic animal fattens so rapidly as the silkworm. , -- - , - was as true as-it was possible for it to be, I Give him his choice, and he will prefer the outside <>T the door, he caught me by the gbe swayed fearfully, and sometimes made 1 lettuce to even the white mulberry, as he > arms. and. burned me along so fast that I ( 8Ucb prodigious jolts that required likes the white leaves better than the red, , 851 ^was in earnest. ) considerable skill for one to keep and the red leaves better than our common \ Harry, said he, \i you don t set me his feet. No engine could hold together if j English black. Lettuce leaves, however, 1 down in C - by li o clock, 1 am a qxfeded to a greater speed. ; imply a white and weaker silk, and a defi- nnned man, and Uns road is a ruined rood , “Well, just as 1 came to a standstill in ciency of healthy silks and the invaluable j Aldnch is dead ; but he told me, befere lie t he depot at C——the big clock boomed eggs. The leaf of the white mulberry, aiea, that he had embezzled from time to j ou t twelve, and the steamboat was getting ! which does not suit our soil and climate, is xune, five hundred thousand of our money; her steam on. Roberts got on. board in the true food of the true silkworm. In and fiis clerk is to start with it, on the 12 j time and nothing to spare.” * * * * warm countries it is not indispensable tfiat o clock boat, from C for Canada. s If | “ And saved the money, did he ?” I lie should spend bis little life in a house, we don t have that money on Monday asked, when I saw that my friend had fin A mulberry tree will harbor a vast popula- morarng, to make some payments with, the jghed his story. tion of the crawling alchemists that turn road goes mto o.her hands; and if you put “ Yes, he found it hid away in some old. vegetable fibre int-o sheeny silk. But such me down, in C : at the right time, so boxes as Aldrich had directed him.” j a grove needs careful netting to protect the that I save the money, you suall have five “ If you are the passenger for G d,” toothless white, tid-bits from the beaks of thousand dollars. Understand it, Harry?; gaid a waiter, “the ‘bus’ is ready.” j birds; while it is difficult to collect the co- Uf .!i-'-i-> 1 8o I thanked my friend for his story and , coons, and a single thunder-shower or dusi- berts, the president, in a state of great ex- m citement. “Harry,” said he to me, “I want you to put me down in C at 12 o’clock!” As it was nearly 11 o’clock then, and the distance was seventy-five miles, I thought he was jqking at first; but when we got Of oourse, I understood it. I saw now 1 bade him “good-bye.” i storm means ruin to the stock. He was prominent among the earliest pio neers, having served in the war of the Con quest, but was astonished when commis sioned Alcalde by Mason, for he knew nothing more of jurisprudence than the next farmer. He accepted the position, however, for the same reason that it was given him, to wit, he was the leading American of his neighborhood. His decisions were not only remarkable for* impartiality, but their originality sur passed that of the decisions of Saneho Pan- za when Governor of the Island. His library consisted of the “swearing book” and one volume bound in calf—sup posed to be a law book—which he made a pretence of consulting on all occasions prior to rendering judgment, but he invariably announced that he fouad “no law applica ble to this case, eta” On one occasion a native Californian who had maliciously shaved the tail of a fine saddle horse belonging to another, was arrested and brought before him for trial. The evidence was conclusive, and the Judge, after examining the volume bound in calf, announced, “I find no law exactly applica ble to this case, but my judgment is that the defendant shkll be taken to the barber and have his head shaved. Officer, attend to your duty.” The offender was accord ingly taken to the barber and his bend was shaven amid the shouts and ridiculg of a crowd of spectators. On another occasion a native Californian, in a fit of jealousy, had murdered his wife the most brutal manner by tying bar to a bedstead and plunging a knife! into .various Of all the great cities, London, on the vhole, contains the most 10 interest and in struct Americans. It has doubled in popu lation in the memory of men still young. Most readers remember when Macauley’s history appeared., In his first volume the author contrasted the grandeur of the mod ern city with the London of Charles IL and boasted that the number of inhabitants had increased from little more than five thousand to at least one million nine hundred thousand. In the brief time that has passed since Ma- cauley wrote, the one million nine hundred thousand has become four million. A few contrasts taken from the best esti mates will give some suggestions of the immense magnitude of the city. It is aptly described as a province covered with houses. New York is equal in population to the aggregate of Maine and New Hampshire. London equals Maine. New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Mas sachusetts and California all together. To equal the city of London, here we should have to bring together the people of the following cities; New York, Philadelphia, Brooklyn, St. Louis, Chicago, Boston, Bal timore, Cincinnati, New Orleans, Buffalo, San Francisco, Washington, and Louis villa The transient people in New York are about thirty thousand; in London one hundred and sixty thousand. In New York a baby is born every fifteen minutes and a death occurs every seventeen minutes. I*i London a birth occurs every six minutes and a death every eight. The drinking places in New York set in one street would extend Seven teen miles; those in London seventy-three miles. “Wuy, 1 am informed that you have been running away with your aunt.” “My aunt! Why she’s my wile!’* “Bnt wasn’tshe your aunt before she became your wife? You see we don’t tolerate those kind of going on, in Col- erado.” The young man looked at the minion of the law in a sympathetic sort of way, which implied very plainly that he pit ied his ignorance. It was perhaps the first time in bis Ute that he had ever encountered a Colorado detective and he wanted to know evidently what sort of an ai.imal he looked like. “I suppose you never were in Utah ?” he remarked after he had completed his survey. “No, I never had that pleasure.” “Well, as you don’t understand the 615.000; the British Isles, 591,000, of which the largest portion was contri buted and disbursed in Ireland; and all other countries, 2,395,000 francs. —The fires in the State of Massachu setts during the year 1S78 numbered 1728, on which the insurance was $7,703,226, the loss $3,683,265. and the iiuouut paid $2,525,182. A summary break. ; “One more question my friend: You have j said the compass correctly ; now, can you box it ?” (give the points backwards.) And away he went: “Nothe, nolhe-by- west, nor’-nor’-west, nor’west-by-nothe, nor’-west,” &c. Correctly as before. Certainly the man did not look like a J sailor; still, the captain was at a pinch, : ot the causes shows 397 incendiary, 249 and he must take this offer, or go toseade- ! explosive, 133 defective chimneys, 75 cidedly short-handed; so, after a little con-1 accidental, 41 lightning, &c. sideration, he bade the new-comer, who i —“Improvement”has marked forde- gave his name as Eben Pote, secure his bunk *truction the house No. 1&4 Aldersgate and consider himself shipped, and he should street, London, in which William be paid according as his services should ; Shakespeare resided. What makes this prove worthy. Without a word of objec-. the more to be regretted is thfr fact that tion, or finding fault, Eben went into the ibis builJing is a very complete exam- cabin and signed the shipping articles, after which he spread himself on deck. And now—I tell this story just to give the grand result—that is, the result as developed from such an unpromising beginner. Haid- ly had the brig struck the open ocean when she was met by a sudden and severe nor’- wester, and the first thing to be done was pie of the ordinary domestic street architecture of the Elizabethan period. —Newport, R. I., has established a sanitary protective association which furnishes its members, for a fee of $6 per year, the services of an inspecting chemist and engineer to examine their premises, drinking water, etc., and to shorten sail. The top-gallant sails had , look after the sanitary condition of been clewed up, and the buntlines hauled j schools, churches and places of public taut, and then the word was given to lay ! sort. aloft and double-reef the main-topsail. It —a home for working girl3 was late- ; was a new sail and very heavy. I ly opened in London nuder very en- Where was Eben Pote? Ha! by the : cou raging auspices. Working girls be- relations of an aunt and nephew in that time the rest of the men reached the bunt : tween Hie ages of 13 and 18, who have territory, I suppose I ought to explain jof the yard he was away to the windward, j no parents or friends in Loudon with them to you, aud then perhaps you may on the extreme weather yard-arm, the ; whom they can reside, are boarded at see vour dutv. ! Femish horse all his own ; he had lifted 4 shillings 6 pence per week. This first “J shall be great!v obliged to you ” heavy canvas alone, and hauled the ! nome contains 37 rooms, and others are remarked the detective, congratulating reekcmjgl® ckock and snugly home; and contemplation. - * , . . ... .. V ' by the time his mates were on the foot-rope, —Five years ago the wife and child himself meanwhi.e. that he was abou. the earing ha d been passed and secured, and ! of a Mr. Chandler were drowned by tne to get a glimpse into the social econo- lie was ready to lift the rest of the sail into : Mill river flood in Massachusetts, She my of that remarkable country ^here * - - - • -- 1 a inan is permitted to have as many wives as he pleases. “Take my case for instarce,” contin ued the Mormon, “my father married my mother.” “1 suppose so.” ••Then he married her sister,” contin ued the stranger, without heeding the interruption. “Then he married the sioter of his brother-in-law. Then the daughter of his uncle, who was a cous in to histwo first wives, then he mar ried her daughter; and a son of his wife married my sister, who also a widow of one of the other wives sons.” By this time the detective was mak ing frantic efforts to keep his head on Aye, he was willing to do anything; and, down below the Bahamas, when Captain Martin was down sick, and the first mate not fit to be on deck, Eben Pote sailed the brig, and made better time than she had ever made before under the same circum stances. He proved a blessing, indeed, and while he was on board there could be no severe wrangling. He would not have it. Said he: “Mates, as true as you live, I dob’t like quarrel in’; it makes me blue an’ chilly. I don’t like it, and—I won’t have it!” And his fiat in the forecastle was law. his shoulders, while his eyes hung out j M er <jy! who would have dared to insult hi. fihoata lit-. him < I have seen him take a full barrel of water by the chines, lift it freely to his place for the others to secure it. 1 *'ore at the time a valuable diamond “Ef you’ll only be quicker, boys, and \ Hng* -A few days ago some workmen some of you git up in season, I’d jest as leaf ! a bank discovered something take the lee yard-arm every time ; but, d' j bright, which, ou mvestigatiou proved you see, the weather earning must be snap- ped fust.”. on his cheeks like protruding saucers. “I suppose you are following me.” interjected the narrator. But the detective had heard enough “That will do,” he said; “you have a perfect right to marry your aunt or your grandmother, either, or both ot them, if you follow in the footsteps of your family.” “And you won’t arrest me?” “Certainly not.” mouth and drink from the bung-hole; and I have seen him take two ordinary sized men—one in each hands—and hold them dangling in mid-air at arms’-end I Do you ask how he learned to be a sailor? He was bora on the ocean. His parents were lost by wrecking, while he, then a mere infant, was saved by being washed ashore in a close, hanging cot; and he had followed the sea until he was over twenty. ! At that age—twenty-one or two—he took a , fancy for farming, and having saved up a little money, he went up into Aroostook • and bought a big farm: and there he had Many people complffin of their bad luck ; remained, working like a Trojan to bring Lack and Labor. when they ought to blame their own want of wisdom and action. Cobden, a distin guished writer in England, thus wrote about luck and labor: * Luck is ah rays waiting for something to turn up. Labor, with keen eyes and strong will, turns up something. Luck lies in bed, and wishes the postman would bring him news of a legacy. Labor turns out at six o’clock, and with | berth. his farm up to a high state of excellence, when the fit seized him that he would like to smell the salt water and sling his ham mock just once more; and he had reached Portland upon that mission when the word of Captain Martin was given to him by the boarding-house keeper. So—that is the way we got him. He sailed with Martin two voyages, and then went back to his farm, refusing the offer of a first-mate’s busy pen, or ringing hammer, lays the foundation of a competence. Luck whine*. Labor whistles. Luck relies on chance. Labor on character. Luck slips down to indigence. Labor strides upward to independence. But,” said he to Captain Martin, as he stood upon the brig’s rail ready to leap to the wharf, “yew may be dead sure o’ one thing: Ef ever I make up my mind ter go tew sea agin, I hunt up Sam. Martin, if he’s in the land o’ the livin’. I will, s ar- tin. Good-by!—good luck! God bless you !—every one on you 1” tilled as the one worn by Mrs. Chandler at the time ot her death. —The production of the 9almoq can neries of the Pacific coast last year wa9 584.000 cans, or 28,032,000 pound s-of riiis delicious and nutritious fish.. Speci mens weighing 60 to 75 pounds .were caught by the Oregon fisherman. A peculiarity ot the Oregon saltrion is their contempt lor all the angler^» lures. There is tio salmon anglirfg oftdbe Ore gon rivers. They are sometimes caught by trolliug at the mouths of the rivers, out they uerer take the angler’s fiy. —Queen Victoria was by no means und^turbed by busiuess doling her Holiday at Raveno. between the 25th of March aud the 21st of April, Her Majesty re«*eived at the Villa Clara no less than 364 telegraphic despatches, or at the rate of 28 a day. 1 he average length of these despatches was from 100 to 300 words, but on the 21st of April there was one of no fewer than 600 words, relating to the campaign cf Zululand. —The Roman Catholic Church o America numbers 5,581 chcrches. 2,183 chapels and stations. 242 asylums, and 183 hospitals, aud 5,75d pri- *is, and a Catholic populatieu of 6.204,630. Ten Atlantic seaboard cities cotiLain 2,815,- 000, or more than three-eighths of the total Catholic population of the coun try. Those cities are New York, Bos- toii, Baltimore, Philadelphia, sit. Louis, New Orleans, Cincinnati, Chicago, Albany, and Brooklyn, in the order named of population. —The late Dr. Charles*L. Ives, of New Haven, Couu., left property valued at $195,626 8l, of which $71,231) was in real estate aud $124,396.81 in personal estate. Ai* puolic bequests are as fol lows; $10,000 to Yale College, the in come only to be devoted :o the support of indigeutand worthy students in any department of the university; $5303 to die New Haven Orphan Asylum, and $10,000 to the Carleton College, of Northfield, Minn., the income only So he devoted to indigent and worthy »tu- dents.