VOL 1-NO 52.
THOMASVILLE, GEORGIA, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 12, !8«!>
85.00 PER ANNUM
WONDERS OF THE WORLD.
p. r s>
SOME OF THE MOST REMARK
ABLE OBJECTS ON EARTH.
Natural and Artificial—Highest Moun
tains, Deepest Seas, Longest Rivers,
Most Notable Volcanoes, Archi
tectural Works and Bridges.
From tho St. Louis Republic.
The highest mountain on the globe
is not, as is generally supposed, Mount
Everest, that honor belonging to a
lofty peak on the Isle of Papua, or
New Guinea. This monster, which
lifts its snow capped summit far into
the clouds, was discovered by Capt, 45,000 to the population. There are
‘ * * '81. V
A. J. Lawson, of London, in 18<
According to Lawson, this new claim
ant for the championship is 32,765
feet in height, being 3,781 feet higher
than Mount Everest, which is only
20,002 feet above the level of the In
dian ocean. This New Guinea giant
has been named Mount Hercules,
Of oceans, the Pacific is the largest,
being 11,000 miles long and 8,000
miles wide. It also claims the honor
of being the deepest. The deepest
place yet mentioned was near the La-
drone islands, where a depth of 4,475
fathoms was found. This great depth
may be better understood, when wc
consider that 4,475 fathoms is 25,850
feet, or something over five miles. •
Of works of art, the great wall of
China may truthfully be said to be
the most elaborate and extensive on
the globe. It was built about the
year 300 B. C., to protect China from
the annual incursions of the Tartars.
It is 1,500 miles long, and where still
intact, 30 feet high and broad enough
to 'allow of six horsemen riding
abreast on its top.
The Imperial canal, also a Chinese
work, is something over 900 miles
long. A vast army of from 30,000 to
40,000 men are said to have been em
ployed for a perid of fifty years iu its
The Mississippi river, from the
source of the Missouri to the Eads
jetties, is tho longest river in tho
world. It is 4,300 miles in length,
and drains an area of 1,725,000 square
The Amazon, which is without
doubt tho widest river in the world,
including the Beni, is 4,000 miles in
length, and drains 2,330,000 square
miles of territory.
Tho largest republic in the world,
and the only one which has ever lived
a century on a purely democratic
basis, is that of our own UnitedStatcs
of America, which contains 3,260,000
square miles, being almost equal in
extent to Europe, wliicli has 59* king
doms, empires, principalities and re
The largest state in our grand re
public is Texas, which contains 274,-
350 square miles, qjjpable of sustain
ing 20,000,000 of people, and then
not be more crowded than Scotland is
It has been estimated that the en
tire population of tho globe could be
seated upon chairs within the boun
dary of Texas, and each have four
feet of elbow room.
The lnrgest county in the United
States is Custer county, Montana,
Which contains 35,000 squares miles,
being larger in extent Chan the states
of Vermont, Massachusetts, Connec
ticut, Delaware and Rhode Island.
One tenth of tho present population
of the United States could find means
of a livelihood within tho immense
county; then it would not be as over
crowded as Belgium was at tho time
of the last census.
The largest body of fresh water in
the world is Lake Superior. It is
400 miles long and 180 miles wide; its
circumfcrnncc, including the wind
ings of its various bays, has been esti 1
mated at 1,800 miles. Its area in
square miles, 32,000 is greater than
the whole of New England, leaving
out Maine. The greatest depth of
this inland sea is 200 fathoms, or
1,200 feet. Its average depth is about
160 fathoms. It is 436 fcot above sea
The highest active volcano in the
world is Popocatepetl, 35 miles south
of Pueblo, Mexico. It is 17,784 feet
high; tho crater is three miles in cir-
cumfcrcnco and 1,000 feet deep.
When Cortez conquered Mexico, Po
pocatepetl was in a state of active
eruption, tho smoke being visible for
500 miles in every direction.
One of Cortez’s men, Francisco
Montano, was the first white man to
ascend to tho summit. Up to 1875
but two white women, Mrs. John IV.
Foster and Mrs. Arthur Terry, had
ever gazed into the awful crater.
Since that time several lady tourists
have made the ascent. The figures
of Gen. Casper Ochor, tho owner of
the great smoking mountain, show
it to bo 19,523 feet high; 17,784, the
figures given above, arc those used by
London, with an area somewhat
indefinite, is the largest city in the
world. Her postal districts extend
over a scope of 144 square miles;
that of the police over 690 square
miles. The population of 1881 was
something over 4,000,000. It stands
on four counties, covering the most of
each. It has 1,500,000 foreigners
from every quarter of the globe, and
is said to have more Catholics than
Rome herself and more Jews than all
Palestine. Within the limits of the
city there is a birth every five min
utes, and a death every eight minutes,
day and night. Each year adds
,000 miles of streets, and 1,200
miles of street railway within the city
limits. Each year an average of 28
miles of new street are opened.
The largest island, and one fre
quently spoken of as a continent, is
Australia. Its greatest length from
cast to west is 2,500 miles, and fiorn
north to south 1,950 miles. Its area
in square miles is 2,984,378, or about
the same as that of the United States,
exclusive of Alaska. At the last
census the population of the island,
natives excluded, was 2,136,512.
Austria has 7,000 miles of railway
and 32,000 miles of telegraph and
The most extensive mines in the
world are those of Frcyburg, Saxony.
They were began in the twelfth cen
tury, aud in 1835 tho galleries, taken
collectively’, had reached the unpre
cedented length of 123 miles. A
new gallery, begun in 1838, had
reached a length of eight miles at
the time of the census of 1878.
Tho deepest perpendicular mining
shaft in the world is located at Prizil-
ram, Bohemia. It is a lead mine.
It was begun in 1832. January’,
1880, it was 3,280 feet deep.
The deepest coal-mine in the world
is near Tourney, Belgium. It is
3,542 feet in depth, but, unlike the
lead-mine mentioned above, it is not
The deepest rock-salt boro in the
world is near Berlin, -J’russia. It is
4,185 feet deep.
The deepest hole ever bored in the
earth is the artesian well at Potsdam,
which is 5,500 feet deep.
The deepest coal mines in England
are tho Durkick collieries at Lan
cashire, which are 2,824 feet in depth.
The deepest coal shaft in the
United States is located at Pottsville,
Pa. In 1885 it had reached a depth
of 1,576 feet. From this great depth
400 cars holding four tons each, arc
The deepest silver. mine in the
United States is the Yellow Jacket,
one of the great Comstock system at
Virginia City, Nev.; the lower levels
are 2,700 feet below the hoisting
The largest suspension bridge in the
world is that crossing East river be
tween New York city and Brooklyn.
The total length of the bridge is
5,989 feet; length of mein span 1,595
feet and 6 inches, and each land span
930 feet; length of the three spans
3,455 fcot and 6 inches. The length
of the Brooklyn approach is 971 feet,
and of the Now York approach 1,562
feet and 6 inches. It was begun Jnn.
30, 1870; opened to the public May
24, 1883. Total cost, 815,000,000.
Tho largest stone bridge on the
face of the earth is that finished in
May, 1885, at Lagang, China. Chi
nese engineers had sole control of its
construction* It crosses an arm of
the China sea, is nearly six miles in
length, is composed entirely of stone
and has 300 arches, each 70 feet high.
It is the most colossal structure ever
reared by man, yet we sneer at the
The largest truss iron bridge in the
world crosses the Firth of Tay, Boot
land. It is 18,612 feet in length aud
composed of 85 spans.
The longest wooden bridge in the
world is that crossing Lake Ponchar-
train, near New Orleans, La. It is
trestlowork 21 miles in length, built
of cypress piles which have been sat
urated with creosote oil to preserve
The hightest bridge in the United
States is over the Kinzini creek, near
Bradford, Pa. It was built in 1882,
has a total span of 2,051 feet and is
301 feet above the creek bed.
The great pyramid of Ghizch is the
largest structure of any kind ever
erected by the hand of man. Its
original dimensions at the base wore
764 feet square, and its perpendicular
hight in the highest point 488 feet; it
covers 4 acres, 1 rood and 22 perches
of ground, and has been estimated by
an eminent English architect to have
cost not l^s than £20,000,000, which
in United States currency would be
about 8145,200,000. Internal evidence
proves that tho great pyramid was
begun about the year 2170 B. O., about
the time of the birth of Abraham. It
is estimated that about 5,000,000 tons
of hewn stones were used in its con
struction, and the evidence points to
the fact that these stones were brought
a distance of about 700 miles from
quarries in Arabia.
The largest and grandest temple of
worship in the world is the St. Peter’s
cathedral at Rome. It stands on the
site of Nero’s circle in tho northwestern
part of the city, and is built in the
form of a Latin cross. The total
length of the interior is 6124 English
feet; transept, 4464 feet; hight of nave,
1524 feet; diameter of cupola, 193 feet;
hight of dome from pavement to top
of cross, 448 feet. The great bell
alone without the hammer or clapper,
weighs 18,600 pounds, or over 9] tons.
The foundation was laid in 1450 A. D.
Forty-three popes lived aud died dur
ing the time the work was in progress.
It was dedicated iu the year 1826, but
not entirely finished until the year
1880. The cost, in round numbers, is
set down at 870,000,000.
The capitol building at Washington,
D. C., is the largest building in the
United States. The corner stone was
laid Dec. 18, 1793, by President
Washington, assisted by other Masons.
It was partially destroyed by the
British in 1814.
The present dome was begun in 1855
and finished iu 1863. The flag of the
United States first floated from it Dec.
12,1863. The cost of the entire build
ing has been something over 813,000,-
000. Its length is 715 feet 4 inches,
with 324 feet. It covers 34 acres of
The distance from the ground to the
top of the dome is 3074 feet; diameter
of tho dome, 1254 feet—making fifth
as to size with the greatest domes of
The highest building in the \*>rld,
not counting the Eiffel tower aud the
Washington monument, is the Cologne
cathedral. The hight from the pave 1
ment to the ton of the cupola is 511
feet. It is 511 feet long, exactly the
same as the hight, and 231 feet wide.
It was begun August 15, in the year
1248, and was pronounced finished
August 14, 1880, over 600 years after
the corner-stone was laid.
The corner-stone of the Washington
monument, the highest in the United
States, and until within the last few
months the highest in the world, was
laid July 4, 1848. Robert E. Win
throp, then the speaker of the House,
delivered the oration. Work pro
gressed steadily for about six years,
until the funds of I he monumental
society became exhausted. At that
time the monument was about 175 feet
high. From 1854 until 1879 nothing
to speak of was dono on the building.
In the year last above named congress
voted an appropriation of 8200,000 to
complete the work. From that time
forward work progressed at a rapid
rate until December 6, 1884, when
aluminum apex was set at 555 feet 54
inches from the foundation and the
work declared finished. The founda
tion is 1464 feet squnre; number of
stones used above the 130-foot level,
9,160; total weight stone used in work,
“Liberty,” Bartholdi’s statue, pre
sented to the United States by the
French people in 1885, is the largest
statue ever built. Its conception is
due to the great French sculptor whose
name it bears. It is said to be a like
ness of his mother. Eight years of
timo was consumed in the construction
of this gigantic brazen image. Its
weight is 440,0611 pounds, of which
146,060 pounds are copper, the re
mainder iron aud steel. The major
part oi the iron and steel was used in
constructing the skeleton framework
for the inside. The mammoth electric
light held in the hand of the giantess
is 305 feet above the tide-water. The
hight of the figure is 1554 feet, the
pedestal 91 feet, aud the foundation
52 feet aud 10 inches. Forty persons
can find standing room within the
mighty head, which is 144 feet iu
diameter. A 6-foot man standing on
the lower lip could hardly reach the
eyes. The index finger is 8 feet iu
length, and the nose 3j feet. The
Colossus of Rhodes*was a pigmy com
pared with this latter-day wonder.
The largest ship overbuilt, the Great
Eastern, recently broken to pieces and
sold to junk dealers, was designed and
constructed by Scott Russell, at Max
well, on the Thames. Work on the
giant vessel was commenced in May,
185.^ She was successfully launched
Jan. 13, 1S58. The launching itself
occupied the time from Nov. 3, 1857,
until the date above given. Ifcr total
length was 600 feet, breadth 11S feet,
total weight when launched 12,000
tons. Her first tripofaDy consequence
was to New York was in i8sq-’6o.
The largest ferry boat ever con
structed was named Solano, and is
To Close Out.
We are offering our
entire stock of Shoes
aird Hats at and below
cost. These goods
must be sold by Sept.
1st, and we are offer
ing unheard of bar
gains in our line. All
goods sold for the
cash. Positively no
more goods charged.
We also offer our
store fixtures for sale,
and store house for
All parties indebt
ed to us will please
come forward and
settle at once, as we
want the money.
Has Made a
IN ALL LINES OF
Continued on 4th page.
108 Broad St.
To continue until
Our remnant table
is ful of choice BAR-
gains, and will be all
left, a few
of our (j 3 A cts. Ging
hams, worth 10 cts.
Dry Ms Erase