W. F. &MITH, Publisher.
A Hancock county, Ga., farmer has
a pair of oxen which weigh 3,900 uounds.
Athens, Ga., has prohibited the riding
of velocipedes on her streets.
Eighty bushels of rough rice to the
acre is th* average yield in Florida.
Arkansas produced 7<*5,000 bales of
cotton during the season of 1880-81.
The German carp planted in Tenrn*
feee ponds do not propogate well,
I*arm lands in the neighborhood of
Athens, Ga., bring from #IOO to #4OO
It takes $30,000,000 for freight and
insurance to place a yeai's cotton crop
in the, New England cotton market.
Over fifty thousand bales ol cotton
were exported from the port of Savan
nah last week.
There are fifty females in the North
Carolina penitentiary, two white and
Wild turkeys are plentiful in the
country adjacent to New Orleans on
account of the protection accorded them
by the game laws.
A rattlesnake six feet long and
twenty inches in circumference was
killed recently in Rutherford county,
Oeer, squirrels and pheasants are said
to be very abundant in the Shenandoah
Valley region this fall. Partridges are
scarce, while wild turkeys are about an
1 he Alma (Ark.) Independent knows
men who saw their wives and children
put in, make and harvest this year’t
crops, and are now investing the pro
seeds in cheap whisky.
On the wharf at Key West, Florida,
are two sticks of mahogonv. One
measures twelve feet in length and is
fourteen feet two inches square. The
other is three feet eight by three feet
two inches in thickness.
TliSe cotton States consume 42,252,244
bushels more wheat than they raise, and
pay to the North for wheat, corn, oats
and hay $150,000,000 annually, which
is equivalent to that amount of
being literally squandered by Southern
The net profits of the cotton factory
owned by the Tennessee Manufacturing
Company, Nashville, for the year were
$46,000. The company declared a divi
dend of ten per cent. Arrangements
have been made for the erection of an
other mill at a cost of $250,000.
In a quarrel between Capt. Frank Sul
livan, of the bark Potter, at Charleston,
k* C., and a Portuguese seaman named
Sylvia, the latter drew a knife. Sullivan
said to him that liedidn’thave “spunk”
enough to cut anyone. To prove he had,
the Portuguese drew the knife across
his own breast, inflicting' a deep and
The Natchez and Jackson, Vicksburg
and Ship Island, the Mobile and North
western, the Durant and Lexington, the
Greenville, Columbus and Birming
ham; the Aberdeen and Elyton, the
Columbus, Fayette and Decatur; the
Zazoo City and Canton, the Meridian
and New Orleans are some Mississippi
railroads that for the present only exist
Mrs. Jane Gornto. a widow living
near Wi ightsville, Ga.. sent her son for
quinine. The clerk gave him a bottle
of morphine, which he made in pills and
gave his mother. She died in forty
In Atlanta the rain drops that fall
oft the western side of the roof of the
First Baptist Church find their destina
tion in the Gulf of Mexico, while thise
which fall from the eastern side of the
roof meander to the Atlantic ocean.
Gen. Jubal Early lives at a Lynch
burg hotel and practices law. Although
not yet seventy, he is as bent and
bowed as a man of ninety years. His
drooping shoulders, his long gray beard
and flowing white hair, and the strong
*taff on which he leans, makes him look
Hke the ideal Rip Van Winkle. He
wears the Sonthern gray yet, and his
still vigorous mind is full of fire.
Marion, Georgia, is only a shadow
of her former self. In days gone by
twenty faro banks flourished there. It
was no trouble at all to raise three or
lour thousand dollars for a political
barbecue, and the floating voters of the
county were entertained in regal style—
wined and fed upon the fat of the land
At the hotels and public houses under
the surveilance of the agents of one or
the other political parties fur a month
1,1 more in advance of election day.
Devoted a Industrial Inter st, the Ditfu innoi Truth, the Establishment of Jnstite, aud the Preservation of a People's Government.
TOPICS OF THE DAT.
Boston is to have a free Hebrew
Petroleum oil has been discovered in
There are 268,830 pensioners in the
President Arthur will sign no tem
Smoking is not allowed at polling
places in Boston.
Tennessee has supplied the Mormons
with 125 converts.
Guiteau is pretty certain to live
through the holidays.
Judge Folger has taken charge of the
United States Treasury.
American oleomargairine is sold for
Holland butter in England.
The World’s Fair project seems to
have about fallen through with.
The desire for American independence
is manifesting itself in Canada.
Baldwin is very contrite. He calls
himself both a knave and a fool.
The production of raisins in California
this year is estimated at $500,000.
Susan B. Anthony wants the name of
Pullman cars changed to Pull-man-and
Froude is of the opinion that England
can not rule Ireland. May be she can’t,
but she does.
The New York Produce Exchange has
decided to erect a now building at a cost
And so the Star Route rascals escaped
the first batch of charges? Still the
Keely, the motor man, asks for three
months more to perfect his invention.
He may have it.
The stars and stripes were vociferously
cheered in the streets of London on
Lord Mayor’s Day.
It requires but twenty-six hours now
to go from New York to Chicago. The
distance is 900 miles.
It is estimated that $60,000,000 is in
vested in jewelry in the United States,
exclusive of silverware.
Brady’s anxiety lor vindication seems
to have waned—gone clear out. It must
have been a myth in the first place.
New York has responded most liber
ally to the appeal of the Michigan suffer
ers. She contributed something over
Archibald Forbes, the war correspon
dent, will write a serial for a London
newspaper under the title of “The South
And now, for personal comfort, we
long for just one slice of the warm
weather we had last summer to stir in
with the winter.
Coal at Cincinnati sells at $5 a ton,
and Cincinnati is on the liver leading to
Pittsburg, too. It seems that the coal
crop failed also.
Siberla has a population of 1,385,000,
and has an area of 8,000,000 square
miles. Russia claims that her object is
to populate the country.
The Courier-Journal says that in
New Jersey it is “ Over the Bank to the
Poorhonse.” This is not quite right.
For “ Poorhouse ” read “ Money-vault. ”
St. Louis has eleven murderers in
jail, and the papers intimate that if
there is not a “hanging bee” soon, the
citizens may lose control of themselves.
Public opiuion respecting the guilt of
the Star Routers has not been affected
a particle by the dismissal of the case on
a technical flaw. They still stand con
A hotel is to be built in Toledo in
which there will be no bar-room at
tached. but in its stead a small chapel
whore guests may hold religious ser
Those who expect to hear Adelina
Patti sing may as well commence now
ito save up their money. From all we
can learn the popular price of admission
will be $lO.
Clara Louise Kellogg is soon to be
\ married, and the happy mortal is named
INDIAN SPRINGS, GEORGIA.
Whitney. They say he followed her
about and deviled her till she just had
to give up.
New York seems to have oaueltt the
disease from Ohio. The election returns
show that they did a great deal of
scratching there. The ticket elected is
a mixed one.
Fanny Mills, living at Snndnskv,
Ohio, has very large feet, as feet go.
Hie right one is twenty-two inches lona
and the left one nineteen. She origi
nally lived in Chicago.
It looks now as if the consump
tion of smoke in Cincinnati is to be
an actual fact. The ordinance has
passed both Boards of Common Coun
cil and been signed by the Mayor.
Mahone is a man of very small stature
and light weight, but there is perhaps
not a man in Virginia who feels his heft
more than he does. Just mow there is
something more than a ton of him.
Mrs. Sartoris nee Miss Nellie Grant,
her husband and two of their three chil
dren are visiting the old folks in New
York, but some how or other, are not
attracting so much attention as usual.
When Gladstone rises to speak he
clasps his hands behind his back. This
attitude prevails, however, only during
the opening sentences. Once warmed
up, his gestures are rapid, almost furi
Mr. Labouchere, in his journal,
Truth , declares that the late Baron
James De Rothschild lost on the Bourse
in October 80,000,000 francs or $16,000,-
000, and that this loss was the cause of
Patti will start out by singing
“Home, Sweet Home,” because, she
says, America is still her home, and she
expects an encore that, when sized up,
will look something like a hundred
thousand dollars or thereabouts.
It is hard to believe that Brady was
in earnest when he demanded an early
trial and consequent vindication. He
doubtless is willing to wear the stigma
that has been placed upon him for the
profits he has made in the Star Route
A negro woman living in Meridan,
Mississippi, has given birth in thirteen
years to fourteen children, six pair of
the children being twins. The father of
these children, who is sixty-four years of
age, is the father of thirty-seven living
Harvard University replied to the re
quest of Miss Kate E. Morris, a graduate
"'f Smith College, for admission to can
didacy for the degree of Doctor of
Philosophy, that “the corporation are
not prepared to admit women as candi
dates for a degree.”
The editor of the Indiana Statesman,
at Terre Haute, has been sentenced to
twenty-five days in jail and to pay a fine
of S3OO, on conviction of criminal libel.
As an editor’s avocation is that of think
ing, what a golden opportunity this will
afford, and no annoyances, either.
At the approaching coronation of the
Czar and Czarina the ivory throne of
Constantine, the last Emperor of Con
stantinople, is to be used. The Czarina
is t > occupy a throne adorned with 876
diamonds and rubies, and 1,223 sapphires,
turquoises and pearls of the first water.
Mllf. Elise, the famous circus rider
of Paris, is credited with being a daughter
of the Emperor of Austria. Her circus
dress is spangled with diamonds, and
diamonds gleam from her hair as, stand
ing with one foot upon her flying steed,
she directs with her other toe the atten
tion of her audience to the zenith.
According to the extra census bulle
tin just issued, the great wheat States
are Illinois, which raised 51,000,000
bushels; Indiana, 47,000,000; Ohio, 46,-
000,000; Michigan, 35,000,000; lowa,
31,000,000; California, 29,000,000; Mis
souri, 25,000,000, and Wisconsin, 24,-
000,000. In three States were produced
nearly three-fourths of the whole wheat
crop of the country.
The King of Asliantee is a very good
sort of a being. The State buildings
needed repairing, and he desired to show
bow sacrificing a personage he was, and
so he had 200 young girls, or maidens,
killed for the purpose of using their
blood to mix the mortar. He neglected
to tap his own fiendish heart, however.
These massacres, it is said, are custom
ary with the king.
It is reported that the Sultan has
ordered the ruins of Solomon’s Temple
to be preserved, and the surrounding
place, to be cleared of rubbish. Near
the place stands the Mosque of Omar,
the revenue of which is said to be £150,-
000 a year. Hitherto this sum has been
sent to Constantinople, but it is now to
be appropriated to clearing the site of
the Temple. This act of the Sultan is
believed to be a result of the visit of the
Crown Prince of Austria to Jerusalem.
Mr. Parnell, the Land League chief,
owns some house projierty in Dublin, on
which the tenants complain of very high
rents, but he states that tl: :> tenants are
of the landlord class, and that such
pi’operty is not to be regarded in the
same category with agricultural. His
agricultural property consists of 4,678
ncresin the County of Wicklow, estimated
by Griffith’s valuation at £1,245 per
annum. The farms are let at the poor
law valuation, which in some parts of
Ireland is higher, in others less, than
Griffith s. Rents are regulai ly paid.
Arabs are very lively in talk, quick,
fudof gesticulations and arguments, in
quisitive, great chatterers, shouters, and
screamers. They surpass Jhe Jews in
fanciful names. From the swarms of
girls in the seminary at Beirut, con
ducted by American ladies, the follow
ing names have been set down in Eng
lish translation : Miss Fascinating Fly
Miss Sociable Slider, Miss Safe Chatter
er, Miss Victor Camel Driver. Miss
Benevolent Old Shoe, Miss Pink Thick
Lip, Miss Enough, Miss Diamond Mo
lasses Maker, Miss Blessed Butter
Maker, and so on.
Learn a Trade.
It is very evident that a great dis
proportion exists, as regards education,
between that kind which is needed and
is of practical importance, and that
which is not; but which thousands ac
quire without any definite purpose; and
if they decide upon some pursuit it is
not chosen with that regard to their
q ualifications and deficiencies which the
importance of the question requires.
The young man who thinks he will
be a lawyer, a doctor, or a minister, and
hopes to attain success, must decide
on liis choice of any profession by some
thing beside- his own ambition and con
ceit in the matter as to his fitness and
ability for the same. The desire to fill
a high and influential position is laud
able only when it is not disproportion
ate to one’s ability.
One of the strongest incentives that
influences many to rash into the pro
fessions without that careful delibera
tion which the subject demands, is the
idea tliat those avocations will reflect
more honor and credit upon them than
a trade, but instead of such honoring
the profession, the reverse is glaringly
apparent, that a large proportion of them
are sadly out of place.
It does nut require much to
see that one had better be a good lum
berman than a third-rate lawyer, a first
class mechanic than a quack doctor.
There are those who have spent a
great deal of time and money in study
ing Latin and Greek, and many other
things, which never did them any good,
practically speaking, and have learned
too late that them time might have been
employed to far better advantage.
Many young men, after years spent in
misdirected effort, have had to resort to
anything that offered. Of this there are
instances too numerous to mention.
The world is full of so-called educated
men who don’t know anything of any
importance, considering the kind of
knowlege which the needs of the country
demand. There is a need of skilled me
chanics, capable, active men, instead of
doctors, lawyers, ministers and clerks.
It is a question of great importance
not only to the young, but to the parents,*
this of preparing tlieir children for a
business wherein they can not only earn
their daily bread, but secure to them
selves some of the comforts and conven
iences of life, and an honorable position
in tha world.
When people get out of the prevailing
but foolish notion of thinking that it is
more honorable to have a profession
than a good trade, and when the reverse
of this rather is taught to the young, it
cannot fail to have a judicious tendency
toward correcting an error which has
been fostered long, and lies close to the
interests of all.
If every man had an occupation that
was chosen because he was better fitted
for it than for any other, he would be in
a condition to enjoy much in life, and
bis sphere of usefulness and influence
would be greatly enlarged. Practical
education, with a careful consideration
of one’s abilities and deficiencies, with
an adaptedness to the wants and needs
of our land, cannot fail to make our con
dition much pleasanter and, our labor
An Indianarolis scissors grinder claims
to have been with the Duke of Welling
ton in forty battles, and that he received
132 sword cuts and eleven gunshot
wounds. We don't believe the Duke of
Wellington had any use for a scissors
grinder. The Duke was not editing a
paper, as we understand it. Still, if the
Duke did have a scissors grinder, who
went around with his grinding machine,
inging & bell and shouting the way
fiiev do nowadays, we don’t blame t ! e
Duke’s neighbors for stabbing him 132
Hmps and shooting him eleven times
with a gun. He deserved it.— Peck's
Men of great genius and large heart
sow the seeds of anew degree of pro
gress in the world, but they bear, fruit
only aft*? JtM*-
There seem to be very good reasons
why the pessimists should call a halt
upon the genius of invention until some
force can be made available to regulate
liis movements. It is very generally
acknowledged that the world is growing
better as it grows older, and no doubt it
is, but tlie progress of invention and dis
covery, although in the main beneficial
to mankind, is bringing forth things that
must of necessity exert an injurious in
fluence. Charles Reade, in one of his
novels, speaks of some old solid silver
plate, made in the ancient days when
things were made honestly. “Not,” he
says, “because the workmen were more
honest than they are to-day, but because
they didn’t know how to cheat. ” As the
world grows older, people learn more and
more how to cheat, and the people who
don’t want to be cheated have to study
closer and closer to learn liflw to cii’cu in
vent it. It is a good deal like the
inventions of armorers. Every few years
a gun is produced, the projectile from
which will pierce any known obstruction,
and then other armorers exert themselves
to get up an armor that it cannot pierce.
And so it goes on, and the wonder is
where it is all to end. It is so with in
vention and discovery in other directions.
Chemists are finding out more and more
how to adulterate food and its ingredients
until it is almost dangerous to eat any
thing but primary substances. Ever ami
anon accounts appear in the papers of a
family poisoned by eating or drinking
this, that or the other, until one hardly
knows what indulgence of appetite may
be considered safe. There is a standing
appeal to legislation to correct these
evils, but legislation, although it may
have mitigated the danger, has not, as
yet, entirely removed it. It would seem
to be an easy matter to treat this subject
in a way to assure the* people that what
they eat and drink need not prove in
jurious on account of impurity or
adulteration. If there is an offence in
the calendar calling for the most cond’gn
punishment, it is that of adulteration.
Let us have laws, and an enforcement of
them, that will make it safe to eat and
drink what purports to be healthful and
nutritious. —Boston Budoet.
A Drop of Water.
We read frequently of the drowning
of good swimmers, who suddenly sink in
the water without any apparent cause.
The common explanation of such an ac :
cident is that the swimmer is seized
with cramps; but an English naval
officer offers a different solution of the
phenomenon. He bases his theory on
liis own experience. His ship was lying
for a long time off Aden harbor, aud it
was the practice for cricketing parties to
swim from the vessel to the shore every
evening, having their clothes sent in a
small boat. Of course there was a race
to see who would get to the beach first.
The writer in the course cf a sharp
struggle for the lead opened his mouth
to breathe, and some of the spray flying
in the wind got into his throat and took
the passage down the trachea. “I could
neither,” he says, “get any breath in,
nor any out, and I soon began to feel
that I was dying on top of the water.
There must have been a dozen men close
to me, but I could not speak, much less
call to them. I kept swimming on for
the shore. In about thirty seconds my
senses began to leave me. I ceased to
swim, and my legs went down, when
luckily for me they touched the bottom ;
a violent jump helped me to cough up
the drop of water. I staggered on shore
and fell quite exhausted on the beach,
much to the surprise of all the men with
me. ” It is the opinion of this gentleman
that many fatal accidents to swimmers
are due simply to a drop of water in the
wind-pipe. A conclusive proof that they
ai’e not due to cramp is a fact that a man
rescued within two minutes of sinking in
this mysterious manner is beyond all
hope of resuscitation.
Home Life for the Blind.
In an address before the College for
the Blind, at Upper Noiwood, Henry
Fawcett, the blind Postmaster General
of England, said that, speaking of his
own experience, the greatest service that
could be rendered to the blind was to
enable them to live as far as possible the
same life as if they had not lost then
sight. They should not be imprisoned
in institutions or separated from then
friends. Few who had not experienced
it could imagine the indescribable joy to
them of home life. Some persons hesi
tated to speak to the blind about out
ward objects. There could be no great
er error. The pleasantest and happiest
hours of his life were those when he was
with his friends, who talked about every
thing they saw just as if he was not
present; who in a room talked about
the pictures, when walking described
the scenery they were passing through,
and who described the people they met.
When with the blind, people should
talk with them about and describe every
thing they saw. The speaker concluded
by remarking that there was plenty of
good will to assist the blind, but what
was required was better organization.
A Cheerful Set of Folks.
The Lepchas, of India, are Buddhists,
short in stature, bulky and of fair com
plexion, their features being distinctly
of the Mongolion type. They are gross
feeders, gorging themselves constantly
to repletion, and eating the flesh of the
elephant, rhinoceros and monkey. Their
habits are nomadic. They do not usu
ally live longer than three years m one
place. They buy their wives for prices
varying rom 40 to 500 rupees, and,
if they ve no money, will serve their
fathers- -law as bondsmen in recom
Old men’s eyes are like old men’s
memories ; they are strongest for things
a long way oft.
FACTS FOR THE CURIOUS.
One oyster may lay as many as 2,000,-
000 eggs a year.
A blow from the leg of an ostrich
will break a man’s leg.
A wolf, like a tiger, having once
eaten man, prefers him to all else for a
dinner, and if lie attacks a man it is
proof that he has already dined off on#
or had hydrophobia.
The sea cucumber, one of the curious
jelly bodies that inhabit the ocean, can
practically efface himself when in danger
by squeezing the water out of his body
and forcing himself into a narrow crack
—so narrow as not to bo visible to the
naked eye. He can throw out nearly
whole of his inside, and yetlive and grow
According to a w riter in Nature, the
small migratory birds that are unable to
perform the flight of 350 miles across the
Mediterranean sea are carried across on
the backs of cranes. In the autumn
many flocks of cranes may be seen com
ing from the north, with the first cold
blast from that quarter, flying low', and
uttering a peculiar cry, as if of alarm,
as they circle over the cultivated plains.
Little birds of every species may bo
seen flying up to them, while the twit
tering songs of those already comfortably
settled upon their backs may be dis
tinctly heard. But for this kind pro
vision of nature, numerous varieties of
small birds would become extinct in
northern countries, as the cold winter*
would kill them.
Bank of England notes are made
from pure white linen cuttings—never
from rags that have been worn. So
carefully is the paper prepared that even
the number of dips into tlie pulp made
by each individual workman is regis
tered on a dial by machinery, and the
sheets are carefully counted and booke*
to each person through whose hand*
they pass. The printing is done by a
most curious process within the bank
building. There is an elaborate ar
rangement for securing that no note
shall be exactly like any other in exist
ence ; consequently there never has been
a duplicate bank note except by forgery.
Tlie stock of paid notes for seven years
is said to amount to 94,000,000, and to
fill 10,000 boxes, which, if placed side
by side, would cover over three miles in
In England the north side of a church
yard is objected to as a place of burial.
The old ecclesiastical reason is this ;
“ The east is God’s side, where His
throne is set; the west is man’s side, the
Galilee of the Gentiles; the south is the
side of the angels and of the ‘ spirit"
made just,’ where the sun shines in its
strength. The north is the devil’s side,
where Satan and his legion lurk to catch
the unwary.” Some churches have still
a “ devil’s door” in the north wall, which
was opened at baptisms and commun
ions to let the devil out. Miles Ever
dale, in his “ Praying for the Dead,”
A. D. 1535, says: “As they die, so shall
they arise; if in faith in the Lord, to
ward the south, * * * and shall arise
in glory; if in unbelief, * * * to
ward the north, then are they past all
The disproportion of the costs of a
lawsuit to the damages obtained was
probably never greater than in a case
argued bj William H. Seward in 1848.
A newspaper addressed to a Miss Felton
was received at the Syracuse postoffice.
The Postmaster refused to deliver the
paper without letter postage, because the
initials of the sender were on the wrap
per. The lady sued in a Justice’s court
for the value of the paper, and was
awarded 6 cents damages. The Post
master appealed, and the case was car
ried successively to the Court of Com
mon Pleas, the Supremo Court of the
State, the Court of Appeals and the
United States Supreme Court, each af
firming the original decision. When the
case entered the last tribunal $136.90 in
costs had been added to the 6 cents dam
The Wyoming Method.
San Francisco Chronicle.
They have learned how to live in Hil
liard, Wyoming territory, and are pleased
with their lesson. As often as they
get out of meat they replenish this way:
A band of wicked-looking citizens go
down to the Union Pacific track a ways,
to where the trains run slowly and
await the passage of the through express
with its palace cars and tender passen
gers. As it is heard in the distance they
take their places. A stuff man made of
straw is laid out beside two deal coffins,
a bit of baggage keeping his face from
being seen, while the gang gather around
a living victim, whom they are about to
hang to a telegraph pole. It is a slim
chance for the poor fellow, but the pas
sengers run wild at the sight. The train
is stopped. Volunteers run back to the
the scene. Explanation: Two noted
horse-thieves are the scourge of the dis
trict, survivor penitent now, but the
best time to hang him is when we have
him He’s done thousand’s of dollars of
damage. This suggests a ransom. The
passengers take up a contribution and
buy the poor devil’s life for him. Then
they carried him on to Hilliard and
leave him. “Citizens in carriages”
come riding home later with the ransom,
which they divide without a quarrel, and
there is peace and pleasantry in Hilliard.
Adifocebe is an oily, waxy substance,
formed from the soft parts of animal
bodies buried in damp soils or under
water. It is the substance that human
bodies sometimes change into, giving
rise to the idea that they petrify.
The king-becoming graces— devotion,
patience, courage, fortitude.