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attoiinevs AT I.AW.
Negotiates loans on real estate. Office
up stairs over the Yellow store, Jackson,
M. M. MILLS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office in court house, Jackson, Georgia.
M. V. MKIBBEN,
Attorney at Law,
JACKSON, - - - - GA.
The only brick Hotel between Atlan
ta and Macon. Board $2 00 per day.
Miss Jennie Wallace Ptop.
SOUTHEAST CORNER PUBLIC
SQUARE, JACKSON, GA.
Strictly first-class in all respects.
Give it a trial when you come to Jack
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STOP AT THE
EVER Y THING NE W
AM DRIEST- CLASS.
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TIE JACKS®! ARGUS.
1111. NESBITTS LETTEIt
His Monthly Talk to the Farmers of
the Stale of Georgia.
TH WATERMELON GROWTH
It Is a Crop to the Farmers of the
Stale—The March Freeze—Cot
ton Damaged Badly—Other
Department of Agriculture,
Atlanta, June 1, 1894.
THE MARCH FREEZE.
Throughout the state the disastrous
effect of the March freeze was felt, in
some localities necessitating the entire
replanting of cotton, and, in the more
northern portions, even the young corn,
which was just coming up or had com
menced to grow off, had to be plowed
up and planted over again. But by the
middle oi May these crops had almost
recovered from the temporary backset.
THE FRUIT CROP,
however, peaches, pears, and to some
extent apples and small fruits, not ex
cepting the hardy blackberries, had suf
fered too, severely. In almost every
section the peaches and pears were en
tirely cut off, and, in some instances,
the trees also were injured bey on i rem
edy. One pre-eminent misfortune of
this kind Is the destruction of a beauti
ful spring orchard on Kennesaw moun
tain. The trees were unusually hand
some and healthy, and would have come
into full bearing next year. lam told
that not one was spared. The fact that
a freeze like this comes perhaps about
once in 20 or 80 years, contains little
for the loser. Its rarity cau
only encourage those who contemplate
setting out young orchards, and whose
hopes are in the future,
j In one or two favored sections the in
jury to the orchards was not material,
(but the fact cannot be disputed that
fruit of all kinds will le at a premium.
In filling this hiathus the
i'omes prominently forward. The early
Jplantings were of course injured more
or less, but the replant is making steady
progress, and, though the weather has
(continued most unfavorable, the season
•to melon growers bids fair to bo an un
usually profitable one.
> While crops generally were still suf
fering from the freeze the
i BUZZARD IN THE MIDDLE OF MAY
kame upon us, and it is disheartening to
tagaln have to chronicle the severe injury
sustained by the young plants scarcely
yet recovered from the previous dis
jaster. In northern Georgia, more es
pecially, the heavy winds and unex
jpected cold wrought sad havoc with
.tender vegetation. The corn, though
much whipped and twisted by the se
verity of the wind, can withstand a de
gree of cold, before which the delicate
young cotton must succumb, and the
jeorn fields are now taking on a vigorous
growth, hut the plants in' the devastated
icotton fields look almost as if they would
never hold up their heads again. Where
The crop bad been brought to a “stand”
the injury was of course proportionally
greater. In some cases those plants
whioh were able to resist the • first ef
fects of the trying weather, finally died
from the secondary “sore shins” and
the depredations of hoe, always worse,
when the mornings and evenings are
uhilly. Where the crop has been tided
over this critical period the yield may
yet reach a fair average.
In caaee where the first injury, com
bined with the chilly days and parching
winds of the last of May, have suoceed
ud in killing out the “stand,” it is now
too late to remedy the evil. Cotton once
well started, will resist a degree of back
treatment, which corn, in its shorter
Kriod Of development, will resent, but
9 cotton, in older to develop success
fully, must be in good growing condi
tion by the first of June. As stated last
mouth, if, as a rale, the first of June
finds the farmer with good stands and
i'lean fields, ne can hopefully enter on
the work or that busy month. But this
|ls an exceptional year. Though the
farmer may hare prosecuted his work
with judgment and well directed ener
gy, he may have the misfortune to wit
ness the destruction of his best laid
plans, and this by agencies entirely be
vond his control. I fear that in some
ooalities the cotton has been too badly
damaged to recover. Although it is now
too late to replant, let us not resign our
selves to supine regret. We cannot
afford to plow up the plants that remain
if even half a stand is left. The culti
tivatiou must go on, and in order that
may be made to pay something for the
work which they, in common with the
[cotton, must receive, it would be well
jto drop a few Spanish, ground peas or
[whippoorwill peas in the long gaps. The
•mistake so often made in planting peas
with another crop is that the variety
chosen is of too luxuriant growth, and
finally overrun® and chokes out the less
[vigorous crop. This is true of all the
running kinds, but if the whippoorwill,
‘whose habit is to bunch rather than
[spread out, is used, we obviate this diffi
Ground peas, vines and nuts, pulled
np and cure I together, make splendid
forage, and those who have tried it
Jtnow- the value of pea vine hay. In ths
after crop we also store up nitrogen in
the soil for future use, and thus receive
a double benefit, for we can appropriate
all that we can cut, and still the roots
and stems remain to perform their im
portant office os nitrogen gatherers.
Unfortunately there are cases where
COTTON IS KILLED
out, or there are only a few plants left
standing and these separated by long
blank Intervals. If the farmer does not
wish te plant the prepared land in peas
JACKSON, GA. THURSDAY, JUNE 21, 1894.
or ground peas, it is net yet too late to
plant it in corn. T have known a full
crop to be made in this way where the
Seasons proved suitable. If the cotton
rows are four feet check the corn rows
across five or six feet, giving greater or
less distance, accor ling to the middle of
rows and strength of land. By this
method we have the option of plowing
the crop both ways, which hastens the
cultivation and reduces the hoe work.
In looking over the records for 1893 I
am reminded that the spring was most
unfavorable, and yet the average crop
year, except in northern Georgia, proved
exceptionally good. Let us take courage
from our past experience, and though
the present outlook is most dishearten
ing, let us steadily go forward with the
work which crowds upon us in this busy
The fact that the crops are unusually
backward and unpromising points to
even more urgent necessity for careful
and rapid work. Each tims that the
soil is stirred the little plants
are encouraged by fresh supplies
of moisture, air ami warmth, and
and we should neglect no means of giv
ing these in as full measure as possible.
THE CULTIVATION OF THE CORN AND
On a large area in the state the com
crop will be ready to “lay by” before
the first of July. At the last working,
which, though shallow, should be thor
ough, sow peas, either broadcast or in
the center lurrow. Iu the very careful
experiments at our experiment station,
as to the best method of utilizing the
vines, the conclusion is, that more is
gained by cutting and curing for hay
that by gathering the peas or turning
under the crop. The cotton being un
usually small requires most careful
work. The warm days of June will,
we hope, revive the drooping plants.
This is essentially a sun crop and it is
astonishing to witness its powers of re
cuperation under the influence of heat
THE HARVESTING OF TIIE GRAIN AND
Comes at a very inconvenient time for
a cotton farm. If possible the work
should be done with the farm hands,
and in the present backward condition
of other crops, this is comparatively an
easy undertaking. To avoid unneces
sary waste in harvesting the clover, do
not allow it to remain exposed too long
to the weather, otherwise the loss in
both blooms ana leaves is considerable.
After cutting, leave for a few hours,
until thoroughly wilted, then gather
into lieap3. and as soon as cured, haul
The grain intended for feeding can be
cut earlier than that intended lor seed
or to be ground into flour. As soon as
the grain is off sow peas broadcast, a
bushel to the acre, using about 200
pounds of superphosphate. If the land
is in good condition, or if the work is
done immediately after a rain, the cut
away harrow furnishes an excellent and
rapid means of plowing them iu. If the
land is hard or the season dry it be
comes necessary to use the ordinary
turn plows, scooter or shovel.
SOWING OF MILLET SORGHUM
and other forage crops can still go on,
always remembering that, the later the
sowing the richer the land should be.
also can be planted all through June
with great success. Indeed, some ex
periment farms maintain that slips and
vines put out in June make as many
potatoes, which are smoother and re
quire less work than the earlier plant
ings. If the slips are ready and the
land well broken, a rain is not at all
necessary. If water is accessible put
plenty in the hole, press in the slip and
cover with •ry dirt. In nine cases out
of 10 they succeed as well, and some
times better, than if planted after a
The following from the March num
ber of the Southern Cultivator was
crowded out of last month’s “Talk.”
The term “fodder,” as used in the sta
tion report here, means the stalk, leaves
and shuck all cured together:
HARVESTING THE CORN CROP—PULLING
It seems rather premature to refer to
this question at this season, bnt it is of
as much importance to the farmer to
save the stalks and fodder, as to save
the corn, and we introduce it here to
call attention to the tremendous waste
in the usual method of pulling the blades
and leaving the standing stalks, which,
when preparations for another crop be
f'in, are either piled and burned—a dead
oss—or cut and plowed under, a meth
od of questionable utility and little pres
ent benefit. In Virginia it has been
firoven by actual experiment, that in
his one item the farmers of that state
waste every year more money than
would pay their state taxation,
i As we stated before, corn is a costly
crop, and every part of the plant has
drawn tribute from our time and labor
and money. Why should we retain on
ly a part, and throw away the other
mads at equal expense and just as val
uable? No doubt the statement that
every part of the corn stalk is of equal
nutritive value, and that the whole is of
more value than the ears grown upon it,
is an astounding revelation to the gener
ality of farmers, but such is the fact,
which has been established, not only by
labaratory trperiment, but by actual
tests with stock in feeding, and we feel
bound to call attention to it. The fol
lowing is a summary of results pub
lished N by the Maryland station after
1. All parts of the corn plant contain
valuable food materials, the dry matter
having nearly the same composition.
2. The corn stubble and husks con
tain 60 per cent of the total digestible
matter produced by the plant, and the
blades only 11 per cent of the total di
3. Corn husks or shucks contain 72
per cent of digestible matter.
■4. Corn stubble or butts contain GG.S
per cent of digestible matter.
5. Comblales or leaves contain G 4.2
per cent of digestible matter.
6. Topped corn fodder < stover) con
tains 55 per cent of digestible matter.
7. There is more digestible matter
contained in the corn fodder from one
acre than in the corn ears from one
b. The corn fodder, or stover, from
ons aers yields as mnch digestible mat
tar as two tons of timothy bay.
9. There is enough degestible matter
f>roduced by the corn fodder grown
n the southern states to winter all the
live stock existing in those states, if it
was properly preserved and prepared in
a palatable form.
10. By cutting and crushing the corn-
stalks, cattle will eat and utilize nearly
all of them.
11. Corn fodder (stover) furnishes a
food rich in digestible carbohydrates.
12. Corn fodder, when fed alone, will
nearly maintain cattle, but should be
supplemented with some food rich in
nitrogen, when feeding for the produc
tion of growth, flesh or milk.
In view of the above, does it not seem
almost beyond belief that some certain
method of preserving the stalk entire
has not yet been decided upon, and that
farmers still go on with the same old
expensive method of “pulling fodder”
and leaving the other parts af the stalk
to be wasted? Our object in referring
thu9 early to this question, is to induce
each fanner, if possible, to try a little
experimentation on a small scale. “Iu
a multitude of counsellors there is wis
dom,” end by these practical tests we
may arrive at the best and surest
method of utilizing what has heretofore
been merely a “waste product.” We
know that it is well worth saving—the
question is, how best to accomplish this
with our surroundings. In a higher
latitude it is a comparatively simple
matter. Let each farmer resolve to try
a few rows at least. Asa general guide
the following taken from an exchange is
“Have the crop cut down at the roots
as soon as the corn is well glazed, and
before the fodder is all dead and wasted.
Set the shocks up in large, well built
form. Tie them round the tops with
binder twine, and if well set they will
stand firmly until well cured and fit for
storing in the barn or shed, after the
ears have been pulled. You will find an
immense economy in time and labor in
thus handling the crop, besides securing
the whole of the feeding value of the
The practical knowledge of expe
rienced farmers may suggest improve
ments on the above. Let them make
the tests and let us hear from them.
R. T. Nesbitt.
Issued by the Department of Agriculture.
We regret to record that since our
last report the weather conditions have
been such as to materially damage the
prospect of our great staple crop, cotton,
while other crops have also suffered
from the cold weather prevailing the
latter part of the month.
Throughout north Georgia the dam
age to the cotton crop is great.
This damage is of such a character that
it cannot at this time be fully estimated.
Not alone where the injury is apparent
by the death of the plant will tins dam
age be felt, but the debilitated condition
of the plant is such as to render it more
liable to disease and sore shin and other
diseases to which the plant *3 subject
will further impair the already imper
fect stand. On the low lands of the
northern portion of the state the direct
injury was so great as to necessitate
plowing up inf many instances and from
this cause there is in this section of the
state an appreciable reduction in the
acreage while the condition and pros
pect are 15 per cent less than that of
last year. Next to north Georgia mid
dle Georgia has suffered most, while the
more southern portions of the state have
suffered least. Compared with the last
report from this department the condi
tion and prospect has fallen off 9 per
Less liable to injure the corn crop has
not been materially damaged, while the
slow growth of the plant evidences,
especially in north Georgia, the effect of
the cold weather of the latter part of
the mouth. Iu the state as a whole it is
apparen in a reduction of 1 per cent in
condition and prospect. In north Geor
gia an increased acreage is shown from
plowing up of cotton and replanting in
WHEAT AND OATS.
The indicated yield, as given by the
correspondents of the department, is not
so great as we would wish, and the
damage of the severe weather of the
early spring is apparent. Harvesting is
now in progress, and we hope in our
next report to give data of a more cer
tain character as to the yield per acre
throughout the state.
Great injury to the fruit crop gener
ally throughout the state has long been
apparent. The dropping of immature
apples, many of which were supposed to
have been set, has greatly reduced the
prospects of a yield of this fruit, and
only a very small crop may be expected.
Notes About Good Iloads.
In all the states of the Union good
roads are essential to progress and the
spread of intelligence.
The people are able to get the prod
ucts of the farm to market when good
roads are provided, and the value of
agricultural laud i3 proportionately in
The farmers in Xew Jersey, where
they once with a team drew a ton, with
new roads are able to draw six tons.
Bad roads rob good horses and vehi
cles of much of their practical value,be
sides tending to shorten their terms of
The question of good roads is essen
tially a question of public and individ
ual well being.
The farmers of this section of the
country are being gradually brought to
Understand that good roads bring them
nearer the market, and will enable
them to easily draw with their teams
double the loads they now carry.
As one who was raised a farmer boy,
and who in common with others worked
the roads to no avail, I am now unre
servedly committed to all honest en
deavor that will lead to better roads,
ind shall work and teach to that end.—
Brofessor L. Higgins.
ANSWERS TO INQUIRIES
Given by the Georgia Department
FOR THE MONTH OF JUNE.
Some New* Relating to Farming, Gar
dening, Dairying, Stock Halting,
Etc., Which Will Be Interest
ing to the Farmers.
Department of Agriculture.
Atlanta, June 1, 1894.
COLORADO POTATO BEETLE.
Enclosed I send you a small striped
bug that i doing great damage to my
potatoes. What is it, and what is the
remedy? R. G. C., Dallas, Ga.
The enclosed bug is the Colorado po
tato beetle which, in many sections of
the country, has been very destructive
in the potato fields. It has only in re
cent years made its appearance in north
Alabama and north Georgia, and east
and middle Tennessee. Paris green or
London purple, both being arsenites,
are regarded as the best remedies. Use
in the dry form, mixed in the propor
tion of one pound of the poison to five
of flour, and two of dry dust, fiae ashes
or air slacked lime; apply with a sifter
or perforated pan. If sprayed or sprin
kled over the vines in liquid form, use
asm all teaspoonful to two gallons of
water or even three gallons. Be careful
in handling the Paris green or London
purple, as It is a deadly poison.
When is the best time to cut clover
for hay? P. O. P., Crawfish Springs.
In our opinion, the best bay is made
by cutting the clover when it is in full
bloom, before the seeds have formed.
Experiments on this subject coincide
with this view.
THE HORN FLY.
Through a large portion of southern
Georgia this pest has proven very an
noying to cattle, and while we have pre
viously answered as to life habits of the
fly and the remedies suggested by the de
partment at Washington, yet, owing to
the large number of inquiries that con
tinue to be made, we give the following
valuable suggestions from the work of
the Mississippi experiment station:
The remedies for the fly consists
of (1) various applications to the animals
to keep the flies off; (2) applications to
the animals to kill the flies; and (3) ap
plications to the dung to kill the larvae.
During the past two seasons we have
experimented with many substances
which have been applied to keep the
flies from the animals,, most of which
have proved of but little value, as they
evaporate so rapidly. The following,
however, have been fairly satisfactory,
as they keep the cattle free from flies
from a week to 10 days.
Crude cotton seed oil or fish oil and
pine tar mixed, about two parts of the
former to one of the latter. The two
mix readily and are very easily applied
to the animals at milking time by means
of a large paint brush. Applied in this
manner it takes but a half minute to a
cow, making the cost of the application
but a small item. We have treated 850
head at a time with the crude cotton
seed oil and tar in this way, using but
four gallons of the oil and less than two
gallons of the pine tar. The cost of the
oil is 30 cents per gallon and of the tar
about 50 cents, making the total cost of
the application to 850 head about $2.20,
or about three-fourths of a cent per
A preparation known as “gnat oil,”
which is largely used in some localities
for buffalo gnats, as its name implies,
has given about the same success as the
above. It is made as follows:
Crude carbolic acid, 1 ounce.
Pennyroyal, 1 -2 to 1 ounce.
Sulphur, I*2 pound.
Crude cotton seed oil, 1 gallon.
This was applied to the animals in the
same manner as was the first prepara
tion, and we were unable to see any
difference in the animals treated with
the gnat oil and those treated with the
crude cotton seed oil an 1 pine tar mixt
ure, both preparations keeping the ani
mals free from the flies from a week to
10 days, depending to soma extent upon
how numerous the flies were at the
The best application to kill the flies is
kerosene emulsion. In 1892 we experi
mented quite successfully in this line.
The milk emulsion was used, made by
mixing thoroughly one part of slightly
sour milk with two parts of kerosene
and then diluting this with 12 to 15
parts of water. The emulsion was
applied to the animals at milking time
by means of a knapsack sprayer, di
recting the spray directly upon the flies
as much as possible. After three appli
cations in as many days the flies were
killed out so that they ware not again
numerous until nearly three weeks la
ter. In 1893 the emulsion remedy was
again tried, but not with as favorable
results. The crude oo tton seed oil and
tar mixture being so cheap and so easily
applied, we have adopted 'this method
of treatment as the best.
Some writers have recommended the
application of lime or plaster to the cow
dung in the field to kill the larvae as be
ing the best method of lessening the
numbers of the horn flies. The condi
tions as to the pasturage of the animals
throughout the south, however, are such
that this method of treatment is not
Application to the animals of sub
stances to keep the flies off is the best
treatment for the horn fly. Of the
many substances ussd for this purpose,
two parts of crude cotton seed oil mixed
with one part of pine tar we consider
the best, cheapest and the most easily
applied. It should be applied to the an
imals at milking time with a large paint
brush, the cost being but three-fourths
of a cent per cow. If the crude cotton
seed oil cannot be readily obtained, fish
oil or any other cheap oil may be used
in its stead.
TO PRESERVE EOG9.
Please give me a method to preserve
eggs. A. L. TANARUS., Wood! awn.
The following from an exchange will
give you an excellent method of pre
serving eggs, with the causes that lead
to eggs spoiling.
The egg shell is perforated by a myriad
of small pores, which can only be per
ceived by the aid of a microscope. Their
effect is evident because it is by them
that day by day the albumen evaporates
and gives place to air. When the egg
is completely full, a fluid passes con
stantly towards the pores, and it is the
principal agent of corruption; this cor
ruption is manifested more rapidly in
warm than in cold weather. An egg
absolutely fresh is absolutely and pro
verbially full, but in the stale eggs there
is a proportionally empty place caused
by the loss of albumen by evaporation.
If the tongue is applied to the en 1 of a
fresh egg, it is felt to be completely
cool; if applied to a stale egg, it is found
to be warm, because the albumen of the
new egg, being in contact with the
shell, absorbs the heat of the tongue
more rapidly than the air contained in
the shell of the stale egg. By inter
cepting the air and preventing it from
penetrating the shell, so as not to kill
the germ and prevent its hatching, the
egg can be preserved longer than in any
other way. There have been obtained,
says a French writer, chickens hatched
from eggs kept for two years in varnish
(glaze.) This, he states, may be thus
prepared: Dissolve some gnralac in a
sufficient quantity of alcohol to make a
slight glaze; put in each egg, and when
all the egg3 are completely dry, pack
them in bran, wool or sawdust, taking
care to place the large end upwards,
and preventing them from damage or
rolling about. When the eggs are
wanted, carefully remove the glaze with
some alcohol, and they will be found in
the same state as when they were en
veloped, that is to say, good to eat or to
hatch. This method is said to be the
best and the most sure that has yet been
Please give me what you consider a
good method of raising late potatoes.
J. N. C., Jonesboro.
In previous reports from this depart
ment, you will find this subject dealt
with at length. These reports we send
you, and add the following suggestions
from a report of the North Carolina Ex
“While, in this climate, hilling is of
great advantage with the early crop,
we are satisfied that flat culture is es
sential with the late one, and flat cul
ture can only be well done with deeply
planted potatoes. The result of my ex
perience, then, may be summed up in
the following recommendations for the
“The general practice is to use the
culls, or small potatoes which are not
fit for shipping, for planting the second
crop. Some claim that this practice
leads to degeneration and soon compels
a renewal from northern seed; while
others claim that the culls are as good
as any. Our own experiments in this
line have not been continued long enough
for me to give an opinion. My practice
is to take potatoes of the early crop and
spread them in shade of a tree, or other
out door screen, until they are well
greened by the light. They are then
bedded in a single layer, as sweet pota
toes are bedded, but, of course, no ma
nure or hot bed is used, and covered
with about two inches of sandy soil.
Here they remain until August. Any
time after the first week in August up
to the 20th of the month, will do well
In this latitude for planting the crop.
We then use for planting only those
that have started to sprout, and always
plant them whole. Many failures in
getting a stand are due to cutting the
potatoes at this season.”
“But the most important matter is the
preparation of the ground and the mode
of planting. I prefer for the late crops
a piece of ground upon which a crop of
field peas has been grown and mown
for hay. This can usually be had even
when we use the same land upon which
the early crop grew, for if we sow peas
at once upon the land as soon a3 the
early crop is off they can be mown by
the second week in August, and the
stubble at once turned for the second
“No matter how thoroughly the land
was manured for the early crop it will
be best to use a liberal supply of fer
tilizer for the late one. If put upon a
pea stnbble there will be no need for
farther purchase of nitrogen as was es
sential with the early crop; but it, will
always pay to use 600 pounds of acid
phosphate and 200 pounds of kainit
broadcast for this crop.
“In planting lay off the furrows three
feet apart, run twice or three times in a
furrow and clean it ont with a shovel if
not uniformly deep and regular. Pre
pare, plant and cover one row at a time
while the soil is fresh. Plant at the
bottom of the deep furrow, but cover
very lightly. The covering we do with
a hoe, and let the man who covers tramp
over the row after covering, so as to
press the soil tightly to the seed. When
planting on a large scale, a machine
similar to one nsed in some sections for
covering corn may be used. This con
sists of an ordinary plow beam and
handles, with a cross bar in front, to
which are attached two spike teeth a
foot apart, and behind these a narrow
roller. The two spikes will pull in
plenty of soil from the sides of the
trench, and the roller will compact it.
“Such a coverer can easily be made at
home. Potatoes, properly sprouted,
planted in this way, will all be certain
to grow, and a good stand is easy to get.
As the potatoes grow the soil is pulled
in around them by running the cultiva
tor through until, finally, the trench is
level. Do all the culture with the ordi
nary one-horse cultivator, and do not
hill up. The potatoes will then form in
the deep bed of mellow soil, the deep
furror will tend to retain moisture, and
the crop will be larger than if grown in
hills or ridges.
“The important points to observe, we
“1. Bed the seed in the soil until
planting time. This gets rid of those
too immature to grow and which, if
planted, would leave gaps in the row.
“2. Plant about the second week in
August, if possible, and use only those
potatoes that are sprouted.
“3. Plant in a deep furrow, but cover
very lightly, and pack the soil to the
“4. Never cut the potatoes for the late
crop under any circumstances, whether
large or small.
“5. Gradually fill the soil to the plants
as they grow, and cultivato the orop
“When grown on a small scale and in
dry land, after the tops are dead, clean
them off and throw a ridge of soil over
the row by throwing a furrow on each
side. Cover the ridges with pine traw
and the potatoes will keep there during
the winter as well as anywhere, can be
dug as wanted for the table during the
winter, and will be found in better con
dition for planting at the usual time
than if dug in the fall. This plan can
not be well practiced except on well
The wholesome supply of food that
we can obtain for the winter months,
without depending upon the northern
market, and the prices we can obtain
in our local market, commends a home
raised supply of late potatoes to every
Georgia farmer. That the day is not
far off when all our farmers will avail
themselves of the possibilities offered by
this crop, there is little doubt.
What is the best soil for peanuts? To
what kind of plants does it belong.
R. I. J., Rocky Faoe.
The peanut requires a calcareous or
lime soil. Where there is not sufficient
lime in the soil it should be sugplied, at
the rate of from 20 to 40 bushels to the
acre. It should also be well manured.
The plant is a legumine.
Will you kindly give me a remedy for
lice in sheep. A. D. H., Camilla.
If your sheep are dipped regularly
once a year as a rule they will b® free
from lioe. Pyrethum or Persian inseot
powder, if it comes in contact with the
lice, is sure death to them. The lice are
generally found on the inner part of the
thighs and fore legs, and on the sides
and neck. Two ounces of sulphur*
mixed with a pound of lard, to which
has been added 30 drops of creosote will
also kill the lice.
I have a horse that is stringhatyed.
Can you give me a remedy? What is
the cause of this disease or trouble?
I. A. M., Social Circle.
We know of no treatment that would
benefit stringhalt. It has been said
that the affection depends or rather is
the result of some obscure disease of the
sciatic nerve. It is, however, very
doubtful whether this is the true ex
planation of the trouble. In some cases
there is evidence that the hock itself is
The United States government will do
a graceful thing and a useful thing in
making a considerable appropriation for
the International and Cotton States ex
position, which opens at Atlanta in the
autumn of 1895. The hustling the peo
ple of that city are doing in the way of
preparation is only to be compared to
that of Chicago in the busiest days be
fore its fair. What Atlanta and the
cotton states can do to make their show
a success will be done. The gods must
help those who help themselves, and the
gads in this case are the members of
congress. The commercial interests of
the whole nation will be forwardtd by
that fair, because its promoters will
bring in, as has never before been done,
exhibitors from the West Indies and
Central and South America. The result
will be enlarged trade and increased
good will between the United States and
its sister republics of the new world.
The success of the Atlanta fair will
unite the American republics in closer
bonds and help them to stand together
against the world.
Roads are at once a factor in the de
felopment of civilized society and an
jvidence of attainments.