I From the Augusta Chronicle <fc Constitutionalist.
German Millet as a Forage Crop.
IntereSfing G 03-
71 liiie&ht cmbinnmfr Pnntfe *
Crop, Etc., Etc.
Augusta, Ga m April 4. — For a number of
years past., the writer has had occasion to
make tho rounds of the Southern States.
Travelling by rail and by private conveyance,
he was brought into contact with repre
sentative persons of all the departments
from the school room to the farm house, and
he early became solicitous to know to what
exteat progress was being made in tiie de
partment of agriculture, which itself is
largely the mainstay of all our industrial
pursuits. lie noted this: That whatever
was being done in the matter of cotton and
small grain and the rotation of crops, prac
tically no attention at all was being given
to the cultivation of the grasses, and of what
may properly be termed forage crops, that is
to say, it was a rare occurrence that one
could find, in a wide belt of country, even a
corporal’sguardof farmers that was bestowing
upon clover and Guinea grass, Hungarian
grass and German millet, cow peas, etc., onc
tenth the attention the great majority was
giving to cotton, corn and oats. It is true
that the results of experiments made with
clover in Greene count}’ 1 , by ex-Cotnmissioner
Janes, and the results developed by Senator
Jos. E. Brown on the same line, as detailed
before the Georgia Agrpultunal Society, at
Rome, in the Summer of 1871, awakened a
lively interest on that subject, and kindred
subjects. The leaven has been working, and,
in our own State, in sections not adapted to
clover, increaling efforts have been made in
the culture of the grasses. And yet, in*this,
one of the most ppjfitaWe departments of
husbandry, the laborers are few. If any one
questions thil statement, let him institute
inquiry as to the hundreds of tons of 'West
ern hay that are daily rolled irtto our chief
cities. The impression has obtained that
German millet, concerning the cultivation of
which the writer proposes to say something,
can not be successfully grown on lands other
than bottoms.. This is an error. Two years
ago, I made my first attempt at farming. I
rented a Summer place, just across the
Savannah, on the. range of Hills immediately
in rear of Schultz’s Hill. The soil is sandy
and sterile. I teterwined, to sow three acres in
German milletr--I did-wot pretend-to know
anything of fuming, seft relied on my colored
head-man. May 20th* stable manure was
spread broadcast over tkfe field and ploughed
in. The one U]olf busjiel to the acre,
was distributed broadcast and brushed in.
We had no raLfti.fiar a fortrugkybutj notwith-
standing the drought and the mistake made
as to time and manner of planting,-we made
a very fine crop indeed. That, Winter I
prirchassed the King Campfield-Oakman place
on the Georgia seven and a half
miles from this city, rescflvpd to utilize what
I had learned from my hired man and by
observation during 1379. At the new place,
with an elevation of 25! feet above Augusta,
I found the soil the same as that I had just
left. Circumstances operated to prevent the
pitching of the crop at the proper time, but,
during the first week in May, to measured
acres, one hundred pounds of Patapsco guano
were applied and one-half bushel of millet
sowed broadcast. A “Farmer’s Friend”
plough was used to turn under the whole.
Subsequently, the ground was rolled. The
results were most gratifying. The millet
grew off nicely and headed splendidly. On
the seventy-fifth day, while the millet was
in the boot or milk, we harvested the crop.
It cured beautifully. My experiments showed
that from one ton to four tons of millet can
be made per acre, according to the degrees of
fertility of soil. I tried a half acre of bottom
land, but, the drainage being poor, the ex
periment proved a failure. As soon as my
oats, wheat and millet had been harvested,
I applied one hundred pounds of Patapsco
guano per acre and sowed to millet and to
cow peas and millet, alternately, the propor
tions of the latter being twenty pounds of
millet to two bushels of cow peas. These
were ploughed in and rolled, as in case of
millet first planted. Results : First, a very
heavy yield of millet and of pea-vines in
termixed with millet; second, twogoodcrops,
with but little work, in less than the time
consumed in. making two bales of cotton—
one bale to three acres. This second crop
was cut in the blossom and cured “pour gold.”
In cutting the pea-vines before the pods
formed, I was controlled by the idea that, at
that stage of the growth, the elements of
nutrition were more evenly diffused than at
any other period, and that, in this condition,
the vines and millet, (which latter contains a
large quantity of saccharine matter) would
make much better food for stock. A hay press
of ray own construction turned out this forage
in bales, twenty-four by thirty inches, and
averaging seventy pounds. Better results
would have crowned my efforts could I have
given closer personal attention to the work
and had I planted earlier. From five to
seven a. m. was, practically, all the time 1
could command a day. The millet should
have been planted April 10th to 13th, and two
hundred pounds of guano per acre applied.
Experiments made with turnips lead me to
believe that, to follow stable manure, broad
cast, with one hundred pounds of guano,
would give most excellent results. Again,
time would be saved and the seed more
thoroughly distributed by using a *• Cahoon”
or a “ Philadelphia” broadcast seedsower.
I lie sower .costs ;it will seed an acre more
speedily and much more effectively than is
possible by hand. Cutting the millet at
seventy-five or ninety days, according to the
seasons it may have had, I would follow it
m I wnnl■ I :
alternately. Cut in the boot or milk, which
is the flowering stage, millet and “ the com
bination” make a forage that will not injure
stock, and from which stock will in no case
turn away. It has been ascertained that the
muscleforming and heat-producing ingre
dients of food given to animals bear the
proportion to each other of one to three or
four. Thus: Corn, one to eight; corn fodder,
one to ten ; oats, one to five ; oat straw, one
to sixteen ; German millet, one to three—so
that the latter is quite up to the standard.
Briefly, then, the essentials in the cultivation
of millet arc : Soil naturally fertile or made
rich, good seed and timely sowing. I omitted
to say, in the proper place, that, in addition
to doubling the quantity of fertilizers, I would
sow on poor land from three pecks to one
bushel per acre. I have been led to submit
the foregoing by a desire to respond to the
numerous inquiries made of me touching the
experiments herein referred to. If the in
formation I have attempted to convey to the
readers of the Chronicle shall benefit any one,
I shall be more than pleased. And in it all
I lay no claim to originalty.
Martin V. Calvin.
The Earthquake at Scio.
The earthquake by which the island of Scio,
the ancient Chios, the birthplace of Homer
and Theocritus, was devastated, is certainly
the worst that has visited the civilized world
since that of Arequipa, Peru, where a tidal
wave, produced by the action of an earth
quake, swept over the Pacific coast of South
America, drowning thousands of persons and
destroying millions of dollars of property.
For many months symptoms of an earthquake
have been observed in the East. Almost
every week during last year came reports of
convulsions in various paHs of Europe, but
worst of all in Austria. The town of
in thkt country suffered greatly in November,
hardly a building being loft uninjured in the
city, although fortunately few lives were lost.
Several other shocks followed, and, in Febru
ary of this a severe earthquake again
threw clown a number of the recently erected
buildings. Asia Minor, during all this period,
suffered J frora these convulsions. In May,
1880, the village of Heleddi was engulphed
by the sea so that not a trace of a building
was left. Near Smyrna, which, by-the-by, is
but a short distance from Scio, the eaTth opened
in July in one hundred and sixty 1 different
places, swallowing up two thousand houses
amt a number of small rivers. The earth ap
parently tfnas never at rest, for no sooner had
these i convulsions ended than others broke
outjinjthe Phftippine islUnls, then in India,
J ava, South America and Mexico. The latest
..disaster wai| at fosamigpinE in Ue bay of
Naples. We were just receiving the mail
accounts of this unfortunate affair when the
cable told us of the still more fatal earthquake
of Scio. The latter is probably the most
fatal catastrophe of this kind which has oc
curred since tho celebrated earthquake of
Lisbon in 1755, which swallowed up 20,000
inhabitants of that city. The Scian earth
qualm, it is now learned, [tilled no less than
6,000 and wounded 18,000 people, a total of
24,000, out of a population of 65,000, or nearly
one-third of the entire population, and left
standing only fifty houses on the island.
Heavy as is this loss, it is not wholly fair to
estimate the damage by it, as earthquakes of
this kind, like that of Lisbon, are nearly
certain to be followed by a pestilence. The
bodies of the thousands of victims, as well as
the domestic animals buried beneath the
fallen buildings, infect the air, and plague or
typhus soon follows. It is to be hoped that
this will be escaped in this present instance
by tho charity and philanthrophy of the
civilized world. Great Britain has already
contributed large relief funds. Greoce has
sent a corps of physicians and Samaritans.
Turkey has furnished tents for the houseless
Chians. The United States has ordered its
Mediterranean fleet to the island with relief
stores, and nearly every civilized power has
furnished some assistance.
Of the people afflicted it may be said that
they are, or rather were, among the best of
those inhabiting the Grecian islands. At the
outbreak of the Grecian war of independence
Chios enjoyod untold prosperity, wealth and
education. It was the centre of Grecian
commerce, the head of Grecian learning. Its
citizens warmly embarked in the war, only
to meet with a horrible catastrophe exceeding
the earthquake of last week in the damage
done. Invaded by a Turkish arm}’, over one
hundred thousand of the Chians Were slain or
sold into captivity, and the prosperity of the
island forever wrecked. These outrages
was soon followed by the glorious exploit of
George Canaris, which will ever live in history
as one of the most patriotic deeds on record.
Canaris and his followers, in their fire-ships,
sailed up to the Turkish fleet, fixed their
vessels thereto, set fire to it, and sent the
Pasha and his whole navy to the Moslen
heaven. Such is a fair sample of the Solans
of to-day. For them the whole world must
feel a keen sense of sympathy. —New Orleans
Given up by Doctors.
“Is k possible that Mr. Godfrey is up and at
work, and cured by so simple a remedy?’’
1 assure you it is true that he is entirely cured,
and with nothing but Hop Hitters; and only ten
days ago his doctors gave him up and said he must
“ Well-a-day \ That is remarkable ! I will go
this day and get some for my poor George—T know
hops are good.”— Salem Dost.
JEWELRY, ifcc., left in Jefferson with F. L.
Pendergrass, F. M. Bailey, or J. C. White
head, will be sent out to me, repaired and return
ed promptly. Charges moderate.
April I—3m E. M. THOMPSON.
ACil-rvrs WA*TKV> for the Best and
LOOK AT THIS!
THINK OF XT? I
COME AND SEE FOR YOURSELVES.
300 ELEGANT COOK STOVES,
3000 Dozen Wash Pans,
100 Dozen Splendid Baking Pans,
100 Dozen Elegant Dish Pans,
And a large stock of goods in onr line which will he sold
CHEAP FOB CASH.
A. K. CHILDS & CO.
Feb. 25 Opposite Reaves. Nicholson & Cos., Athens, Ga.
MARBL.B3 ! IMABB3JE !
A. R. ROBERTSON,
DEALER IN ITALIAN AND AMERICAN MARBLE
Monuments, Tombs, Head & Foot Stones,
LARGE and SMALL CRADLE TOMBS,
Marble and Granite Sox .Tombs,
AT ALL PRICES TO SUIT PURCHASERS.
r * ill * # < f
A 'Large Lot of Finished Monuments and Tombstones on
Hand for Sale and Ready for Lettering .
My Yard is Full of Marble, and Ready to Fill Any Orders.
GIVE UVEE AN CALL, AvIST ID G-ET ISZtY PRICES.
A. R. ROBERTSON,
Monumental Builder, Athens, Georgia.
BALDWIN & BURNETT,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
BOOTS AND SHOES,
No. 8 Bvocul Street, Athens, Georgia.
\\J L IIA \ E just received the largest and most complete stock of Boots and Shoes ever brought
'' to Athens, j lie quality ot our goods is of the highest order, and our prices within the reach
of all. We deal
in this line, and promise the most courteous treatment and perfect satisfaction to all who
Our WHOLESALE DEPARTMENT is complete, and we guarantee prices as low as
any house in the South, and will save you freight.
Gr I"V HE US Al. GALL.
BALD WIN 8f B URNETT.
Athens, Ga., October Ist, 1880.
ISAAC LOWE. 1 JOHN COIIEN.
3JOWE fi? COIAIiJAr,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IX .
, WT •>*
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC LIQUORS,
WIIMES, Etc., Etc.
ALSO AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED
Stone Mountain Corn Whisky.
Corner Broad and Jackson Sts., Athens, G-a
JUDSON’S MARBLE WORKS,
MANUFA CTU R E R AND DEALER IN
Italian and Rutland Marble, Monuments, Box Tombs, Head and
Foot Stones, Iron Railing for Grave Inclosures, &c.
OFFICE AND WORKS ON CORNER OF LOVD AND ALABAMA STREETS,
Opposite Georgia Railroad Depot.
Orders Solicited aM Promptly FiM Prices ReasauaWe. Terms Rash.
AT TIIE MAMMOTH—
China, Crockery and Glassware House
OF NORTH-EAST GEORGIA.
JAS. H. HUGGINS,
No. 7 Broad Street, Athens, Georgia.
HAVING just returned from the Eastern market, we arc offering the largest, most varied and
best selected stock of
GLASS WARE, LAMPS, CIIANDALIERS, LANTERNS,
&c., <£c., 25 per cent, lower thean ever before known in this market. A full
and complete line of
Such as Buckets, Brooms, Seiyes, Trays, Knives and Forks, Table and Teaspoons, Coffee
Mills, &c. Also, a complete stock of Table Linen, Oil Cloths,
Napkins, Doylies, Towels, Etc.
SILVER PLATED WARE!
A handsome stock of TRIPLE-PLATE SILVER CASTORS, TABLE and TEASPOONS.
Prices SURPRISINGLY LOW.
Kerosene Oil by the Car Load. Also, Aladin and “Red C
Oil.” Staple Dry Goods, Groceries, Canned Goods,
BOOTS, SHOES, IIATS, CAPS, LEATHER , Etc., Etc. ,
at prices as low as any house in the State/ DON’T FORGET TIIE PLACE.
1 J. H. HITGrGrINS, No. 7 Broad Street.
PARKER k CAMP RROS.
We have within the last few weeks
opened up a first-class stock of
FANCY and FAMILY GROCERIES,
CIGARS AND TOBACCO,
STAPLE DRY'' GOODS, IIATS AND SHOES,
All of which we are offering at
irloclx. Bottom Prices.
Our Goods Arc RotJght From Manufacturers For Cash,
And We Will Sell As Cheap As The Cheapest.
GIVE US A CALL,
AW CowwvwceA r YW\ AY c Wuw AYWvV AY e Stvvy
PARKER & CAMP RROS.,
25 No. i2 Broad Street, Athens, Ga.
M ANUFACTORY .
*jr m *
WE call the attention of the public to our new and the ONLY MARBLE WORKS in Y6rthca.il
Georgia. \\ e arc arnplc capital, large experience and skilled work-men, to
1111 orders on short notice for GRAVE STONES beautifully and artistically finished,
Monuments, Marble Mantels, Etc.
nmrLf C all work in our line, and will sell as cheap as the same can be procured in any
near the Depot ° k° uth ’ antl respectfully solicit the patronage of the public. Office on Main St.,
11. T. MENGS, Proprietor.
December 17 th, 18S0.
Dr. J. B. rK.MtEUGU.ISS
HAVING BUILT AND FURNISHED A SPLENDID
BRICK DRUG STORK.
HAS OPENED UP A FULL LINE OF FItESII AND
Pure Drugs and Patent Medicines
of every description. He is now prepared to furnish the public with anything usually found in a
first-class drug store, ,such as
PAINTS, OILS ,
VARNISH, DYE STUFFS,
PAINT BRUSHES, TOBACCO,
CIGA RS, SNUFF,
STATIONERY, PENS, PENCILS,
INK, HAIR BRUSH CS*
COMBS, TOILET SOAPS,
PERFUMER Y, DENTRIFICES,
BLACKING BRUSHES, sc., sc.
Special Attention Given to the Compounding of Prescrip
tions at all Hours.
With thanks for the liberal patronage bestowed upon liim in the past, he still oilers Lin pro
fessional services to the public, and will endeavor to answer calls promptly and treat diseases it a