ROBERT S. HOWARD,/
Editor and Publisher. )
Professional & iWuiess Cards.
JOH* J. Sl ItK kLAM),
A TTORX E V-AT-L A W,
A\ ill promptly attend to all business entrusted to
him. dec 17, ’BO.
Dr. a it.
Tenders his professional services to the surround
ing country. Rheumatism, Neuralgia and the dis
eases of women a specialty.
Feb. 13th, 1880. ly
ATTORNEY-AT-L A YY r ,
Prompt and faithful attention given to all busi
ness placed in his hands.
WII.KV i\ ■KMYAIMb
Attorne anil Cnn>*rlr at I.jw,
Will attend faithfully to all business entrusted
(O his care. inchL
QILMAA & THOMPSON,
Will practice in Jackson and adjoining counties.
Notice to Contractors .
WILL he let, to the lowest bidder, before the
Court House door in Jefferson, on Wednes
day, the ISth day of May, 1881, the contract for
building the bridge across the Mulberry river, at
the place known as the Lyle bridge, under the
following specifications, to-wit: Said bridge to
be built on a level with west bank of the river,
with two spans—one a queen post truss fifty feet,
the other common span length to suit length of
balance of bridge: one arch, to be built in river
upon a crib, length of same to suit heighth of arch
and eight feet wide, with middle sill at the bottom,
and of timbers 10x12 inches, notched into each
other so as not to leave more than two inches
space between, and pinned with two-inch pins at
each corner and filled up with rock ; arch or
trestle to be set upon said crib and fastened by
banding over end of mud sill with three-inch bar
iron, bolted into three logs of crib ; two main rods
of iron, 1J inches in diameter, to extend from
through middle sill in bottom of crib up through
inud sill, cap sill aud one sleeper, and securely
fastened with tap and washer ; two other arches
to be built in the same manner and let into the
ground at least six feet and filled in on with rock
and dirt at each embankment. All sleepers to bo
10x12 or Bxl2 inches, anti to lap three feet over
cap sills; uprights to trestle or arch to be 10x12
inches, tenented and morticed half through ca p
sills and pinned ; cap sills 10x12 inches, 15 foist
long; mud silks 12x14 inches, length to suit higlith
*f arch; flooring 2x12 inches, 14 feet long; ban
isters made of 3x4 scantling; uprights placed S
feet apart, morticed through the lioor and keyed
on under side and braced on outside; floor to be
spiked down with 40-pcnny spikes, two in ei/tch
end of plank, and right and left in intermedi ate
sleepers. .Sleepers in old bridge down the river
allowed to be used in crib and all flooring tha t is
sound and suitable. All timbers to be good he art,
and if hewn to be well and smoothly done. Bond,
with two good securities, required in a sum double
the amount of the bid, conditioned for a faithful
©omplyance of the contract, immediately after the
letting. The work to be paid for when completed
in accordance with the specifications, and to be
completed in fifty days from the time of let ting.
Full and complete specifications can be seem at
this office. apll-5 H. W. BELL, Orct’y.
Whereas, the road commissioners, appointed for
the purpose of reviewing and reporting up on the
public utility of establishing as one of the public
roads of said county the road commencing:; near
Pleasant Hill school-house, on the Gainesville and
Homer road, and running the traveled way over
the lands of YV. S. Crislcr and J. O. Browning,
and intersecting atthc forks of the Gainesville and
Gillsville roads, on the liall county line; also, the
road commencing at the Jefferson and Monroe
road, near Hancock's bridge, on the Jlulberr}-
river, and being the traveled way by I. T. Austin’s,
the Holliday mill place and intersecting with the
Athens and Lawrenoeville road near Jamies Thur
mewd’s. Said commissioners having reported said
roads of public utility, an order will be granted,
finally establishing said roads as public roads, on
Monday, the 23d day of May, 1881, if no good
cause to the contrary is shown on or by that day.
Given under my official signature, this April
20th, 1881. 11. VV. BELL, Ord'y.
| KOK(M, Jackson Count/.
AVherons, upon application to me, in terms of
the law, by one-fifth of the qualified voters of the
*2ssth District. G. of said county, asking for
an election to be called in said District, that the
question of the restriction of the sale oif intoxicat
ing liquors in said District m*y be submitted to
the voters thereof—
It is hereby ordered that an election be held in
said District, at the usual place of holding elec
tions in the same, on Saturday, th e 7th day of
May, 1SS1; that those voting at said elections who
favor restriction stall have written or printed
•on their ballots the words, u For Restriction, v
and those who opposeshall have writfc< :n or printed
on their ballots the words, AgainstKestriction,”
sind that the managers of said election shall keep
duplicate list of voters and tallcy sheets, certify
sind sign the same, one of which Shall be tiled
with the Clerk of the Superior Courtofsaid county
and the other for wanted without delay to his Ex
cellency the Governor. 11. W. DELL, Ord’y.
April 6th, 1861.
Z. W. HOOD, 1 JacksonCf ourtofOrdi-
Propovadcr of tle last j nary, April term, 1881.
will and testament <f j Application for probate
iStcvca jlson, dec'd, j- of will in solemn form
vs. j and for letters of Ad-
Heirs at law of said J ministratia n with the
deceased. j will annexed.
It appearing n. the Court that ooe of the heirs
At law in the above stated case resides without
-he btate, to-wit: Andrew Harris:; it is, thcrc
O rokukvi, That servioe or notice of the above
application be perfected pon said Andrew Har
is by publication of this order #:ace week for
three m the -Jackson Hekjljld, a newspa?
per published m said county of Jackson, prior to
the hearing thereof e n the first Monday in May,
•G"! h, 1881. Jl, \\\ BELL, or 4’y.
A true citract from the minutes of tho Court
f Ordmaij of Jackson county, G*Hr<ia.
H, ISV? BELL
apl 15 Et-Ofhcio Clerkfjourt Ordinary,
JEWELRY, do,, left in Jefferson with F. L
Pendergrass, F. M. Bailey, 41 J. C, Whit el
head, will be sent out to me, repaired and return*,
pd promptly, Charges moderate^
April!—dm E. M. THOMPSON,
A WAITED fosr the Best and
rastest.Selling Pictorial B%j ks and Jlihles.
prices reduced 33 per pent. National Publishing
Atlant.% Ga, apl 1 3m
M ot. lici’M, Wives, llauglilci's Sous, Fa
tilers, AKiuisters, Teachers Itiisincss
.lien. Farmers Mechanics AIJL should be
warned against using and introducing into their
■IOJIES Nostrums and Alcoholic Remedies.
Have no such prejudice against, or fear of, “ AVr
ncr’s Safe Xouic Hitters.” They arc what
they are claimed to be—harmless as milk, and
contain only medicinal virtues. Extract of Choice
Vcg* tables only. They do not belong to that class
knonm as “ Cure-Alls,” but only profess to reach
case s where the disease originates in debilitated
frames and impure blood. A perfect Spring
and Summer Medicine.
A ThoronffißM Pnrifier. A Tonic Appetizer.
Pleasant to the taste, invigorating to the body.
The most eminent physicians recommend them
for their Curative Properties. Once used, always
Trial Size, tfOc. Full Size (largest in market) Rl.
For I lie Kidney*, I Aver and Urinary
Organ*, use nothing but “YVAR.YEK'S
SAFE KIDNEY AND I AYER CURE”
It stands UNRIVALLED. Thousands owe their
health and happiness to it. BtaT’We offer “ War
ner’s Safe Tome Bitters” with equal confidence.
H. H. WARNER & CO., Rochester, N. Y.
A LARGE AND COMPLETE STOCK OF
Churches and Ministers supplied with Books at
publishers prices, by
BURKE & ANDERSON,
Feb. 25 Athens, Ga.
Maysville Shoe Factory.
YVc manufacture all kinds of shoes ; mens’
Brogans and Boots, ladies’ High and Low Quar
tered Shoes, childrens’ Shoes, HARNESS and
BRIDLES. YYe arc prepared to make all kinds
of tine work. YYe work the best material in the
most popular styles, and
Warrant our Work Equal to
any Goods on the Market.
YY’e have experienced workmen employed, for
both coarse and line work. As we defy competi
tion in quality, prices and service, we hope to
have the pleasure of supplying you with Boots and
Shoes. BROWN & RILEY.
fiST'We also keep constantly on hand a select
stock of Groceries and Provisions. Bacon, Lard,
Sugar, Coffee, Syrup, Dry Goods, Ac., Ac.
Notice to Tax-Payers!
I will be at the following named places and
dates, for the purpose of receiving your Tax
Returns for the year ISSI :
Randolph’s, April 4th, May 2d and 17th.
House’s, April sth, May 4th and 18th.
Chandler’s, April Gth, May sth and 10th.
.banter Fe, April 7th, May Gth and 20th.
Clarkcsborough, April Bth and 18th, May 9th.
Human’s Store, April 11th and 29th, May 23d.
William Grilt'eth’s, April 12th and 27th, May
Maysville, April 13tli and 26th, May 25th and
Harmony Grove, April 14th and 22d, May 12th.
Nicholson, April 15th and 20th, May 11th.
Center, April 19th.
White’s Mill, April 21st.
Nunn's Store, April 25th.
Benjamin Atkins’, April 28th.
Jasper N. Thompson’s, May 3d.
Williamson’s Mill. May 10th.
Apple Valiev, May 13th.
Maddox’s Mill, May IGtli.
DeLaperriere’s Store, May 27th.
I will be at Jefferson every Saturday till first
of June, at which time mv hooks will be closed.
J. W. N. LANIER,
Tax Receiver Jackson Ounty.
HOW LOST, HOW RESTORED!
Just published, anew edition of DR. CULVER
WELL’S Celebrated Essay on the radical cure of
Spermatorrhoea or Seminal Weakness Invol
untary Seminal Losses. Imi’WENCY, Mental and
Physical Incapacity, Impediments to Marriage,
etc*; also, Consumption, Epilepsy and Fits,
induced by self-indulgence or sexual extravagance,
The celebrated author, in this admirable Essay,
clearly demonstrates, from a thirty years’ suc
cessful practice, that the alarming consequences
of self-abuse maybe radically cured; pointing
out a inode of cure at once simple, certain, and
effectual, by means of which every sufferer, no
matter what his condition may be, may cure him
self cheaply, privately, and radically.
Lecture should bo in the hands of every
youth and every man in the land,
Sent under seal, in a plain envelope, to any ad
dress, postpaid, on receipt of six cents or two
Address the Publishers,
THE OULVERWELL MEDICAL CO .
41 Ami &t M New York, N. Y- ; p. 0, Box. 458 C.
JEFFERSON. JACKSON COUNTY, GA., FRIDAY, MAY 6, 1881.
[From the Atlanta Constitution.]
Bill Arp Returns to Questions that Interest
Winter has left us at last—a hard old
winter—hard even on us in the sunny south
and merciless on our northern brethren. For
about seven months they have been snow
bound and ice-bound—penned up in frozen
homes, and the ice is just now breaking up,
and great floods are overflowing them, and
still they are afraid to move to this blessed
land—afraid of ku-klux and barbarians. I'm
sorry for ’em, but I don’t care enough about
it to weep and distress myself. We can get
along very well without ’em. We’ve been
calling ’em kindly ever since the war, and
given welcome to those who did come, and
now I’m opposed to the calling business.
I’m willing to saj’ howdy and make a passing
remark about the weather, but that’s all.
No more tatty, no more honey and sugar.
We want to be honeyed some ourselves. It’s
been a one-sided game long enough. We’ve
sold ’em our sugar, and cotton, and rice, and
tobacco, and syrup, and sweet-potatoes, and
gubbers, and watermelons, and bought tbeir
patent medicines, and fly-trap 9, and doll
babies, and yankee notions, and picture
books, and dime novels and Buttcrick’s pat
terns, and all their tom fooleries and gone to
all their circuses and monkey shows and
paid out thousands of dollars to hear ’em
peddle and sing and jump round and they go
back and chuckle and tell their nabors how
much they made off of us, and nov because
Griffin expressed her indignation in an. egg
splosive manner the whole yankee nation is
mad about it. Our people have long since
recognized slavery as a dead issue, and they
needent be sending Uncle Tom’s Cabin down
here to revive it and teach our children a
lie, and I reckon the Griffin bo3*s took the
most convinoin way of proving that it was
an eggstinct institution. We are getting
along pretty well and we want era to let us
alone. It looks like them fellers up north
just keep our people and our sunny land as
a sort of nest egg, an.l if they come across
a bad one occasionally they oughtent to
grumble. If they cant get all that we make
one way they will another for they have got
the money, and money is a power that will
buy or seduce most anybody. Now here is
the great railroad combination—this tripple
alliance that has run the Central and Geor
gia stock away up yonder and the people say
bully and look on and wonder and it's made
some folks rich all of a sudden, but the plain
truth is the whole business is a selling out
to the yankees—to northern railroad monop
olies, for the stock in all these gigantic cor
porations is owned in New York, or up there
somewhere, and the tripple alliance hadent
been made three days before the freight
agents met in Cincinnati and raised the tariff
forty per cent, at a jump. Pretty good raise
for the first meeting wasent it, and I reckon
they will meet again before long and we the
people are to pay for it. The old rule was
that those who dance must pay the fiddler,
but these fellers dance all night and make
the bystanders pay for looking on. Some
times when I get to thinking about the greed
and grip of them millionaires up north and
how they keep insinuating their claws into
our country, I get alarmed and wonder how
long they will let me keep my land and live
in peace and seclusion, and if they don’t git
it by some hokus pokus before I die how
long will they let the children keep it.
But still I am hopeful—for they have got
to die all the same like the rest of us, and
death scatters things amazin’ soon for its a
law of nature that a man who lives to make
money and nothing else, raises a passel of
children who live to spend it. Wm. H.
Vanderbilt is an exception, but there ain’t
many, and 1 reckon his children will make it
fly if he has got any. The difference in the
happiness of mankind don’t depend on the
amount of money they have made by no
means, and I never saw the day I would
change places with A. T. Stewart, who worked
all his life like a dog, and his greatest pleas
ure was to break down a rival and break him
up, too. and as soon as he died a man no kin
to him gobbled up his fortune and some
thieves come along one night and stole his
bones, and nobody cared ; and, if that ain’t
a sermon on striving after riches I never
knew one, but you might as well preach it to
a dead horse as to Jay Gould, or Jim Keene,
or Armour, or any of them fellows who would
see a nation perish to death for bread and
meat if it put a few millions in their pocket.
Corners is the word now. Get a corner on
something—that is get the people in a corner
where they can neither back nor squall. I
saw the other day that they had got up a
corner on peas—cow peas, and had bought
cm all up on the sly and wag holding era at
$2.50 a bushel by the car load. I maj' be
mistaken but it seems to me a little higher
grade of happiness to look out upon the green
fields of wheat and the leafing t.reess and the
blue mountains in the distance and hear the
dove cooing to her mate, and the whippoor
will sing a welcome to the night, and hunt
flowers and bubby blossoms with the chil
dren, and make whistles for ’em and hear
FOR THE PEOPLE.
Dropping into Poetry.
“If you please, sir,” said the young lady
timidly, as the exchange editor handed her a
chair. “ I have composed a few Y’erscs, or
partially composed them, and I thought you
might help me finish them and then print
them. Ma says they are real nice as far as
they go, and pa takes the Eagle every day.”
She was a handsome creature, with beauti
ful blue eyes, and a crowning glory of golden
hair. There was an expectant look on her
face, a hopefulness that appealed to the holiest
emotions, and the exchange editor made up
his mind to crush the longing of that pure
heart if he never struck another lick.
“May I show you the poetry ?” continued
the ripe, red mouth.- “ You will see that I
couldn’t get the last lines of the verses, and
if you would please be so kind as to help
Help her ! though he had never even read
a line of poetry, the exchange editor felt the
spirit of the divine art flood his soul as he
yielded to the bewildering music. Help her !
Well, he should smile.
“ The first verse runs like this,” she went
on, taking courage from his eyes :
“llow softly sweet the Autumn air
The dying woodland fills.
And nature turns with restful care.”
“ To anti-bilious pills,” added the exchange
editor, with a jerk. Just the tlrng. It
rhymes, and it s so. You take anybody now.
Half the people you meet are—”
“ I suppose you know best,” interrupted
the young girl. “I hadn’t thought of it in
that way, but you have a better idea of such
things. Now the second verse is more like
“ The dove-ej'ed kinc upon the moor
Looked tender, meek and sad;
While from the valley comes the roar—”
“Of the matehless liver-pad !’’ roared the
exchange editor. “ There you get it. That
finishes the second so as to match with the
first. It combines the fashions with poetry,
and carries the idea right home to the fireside.
If I only had your ability in starting a verse
with my genius in winding it up, I’d quit the
shears and open in the poetry business to
’em blow and see ’em get after a jumpin’ frog
or a garter snake, and hunt heus nests, and
paddle in the branch and get dirty and wet
all over, and watch their penitent and sub
dued expression when they go home, as Mrs.
Arp looks at ’em with amazement and ex
claims, “Mercy on me; did ever a poor
mother have such a set! Will I jjver get
done making clothes. Put these on right
clean this morning and not another clean
rag in the house ! Go get me a switch, right
straight, go ! I will not stand it!” But she
will stand it, and they know it—especially
if I remark, “Yes, they ought to be whip
ped.” That saves ’em, and by the time the
swith comes the tempest is over, and some
dry clothes arc found and if there is any cake
in the house they get it. Blessed mother !
fortunate children! What would they do
without her? Why her very scolding is
musfc in their tender ears. I’m thankful
that there arc some things that corner in the
domestic circle that Wall street cannot biw
nor money kings depress. Bill Arp.
“Think so?” asked the fair young lady.
*' It don’t strike me as keeping up the theme.”
“ You don’t want to. You want to break
the theme here and there. The reader likes
it better. O, yes! where 3 r ou keep up the
theme it gets monotonous.”
“ Perhaps that’s so,” rejoined the beauty,
brightening up. “ I didn’t think of that.
Now I’ll read the third :
“ llow sadly droops the dying day,
As night springs from the glen,
And evening twilight seems to say—”
“ ‘The old man’s drunk again’ would not
do, would it ?” asked the exchange editor.
“ Somebody else wrote that, and we might be
accused of plagiarism. We must have this
thing original. Suppose we say, “ Why did
I spout my Ben ?”
“Is that new?” inquired the sweet rosy
lips. “At least I never heard it before. I
don’t know what it means.”
“New? ’Deed it’s new. lien is the Pres
byterian name for overcoat, and spout means
to hock. ‘ Why did I spout my Ben ?’ means,
Why did I shove my topper? O, don’t be
afraid—that’s just immense!”
“Well, I’ll leave it to you,” said the glori
ous girl with a smile that pinned the ex
change editor’s heart to his spine. “This is
the fourth verse:
The merry milkmaid’s sombre song
Itc-echocs from the rocks
As silently she trips along—”
“ ‘ With holes in both her socks,’ by Jove !”
cried the delighted exchange editor. “ You
“O, no, no ?” remonstrated the blushing
maiden. “Not that,”
“Certainly,” protested tho exchange editor,
warming up. “Nine to four she’s got ’em ;
and you get fidelity to fact with a wealth of
poetical expression. The worst about poetry
is, you can’t state things as they are. It aint
like prose. But here we’ve busted alLthc
established notions, and put up an actual ex*
istence with a veil of genuine poetry over it.
I think that’s the best idea we’ve struck yet.”
“ I don't seem to look at it as you do, but
of course you are the best judge. l*a thought
I ought to say,
“ In Autumn’s yellow tracks.”
“ Wouldn't that do ?”
“Do ! J ust look at it. Does tract s rhyme
to rocks? Not in the Brooklyn Eagle it
don't. Besides, when you say tracks and
rocks, you give the impression of some fellow
heaving things to another fellow who’s
scratching for safety. Socks, on the other
hand, rbj'roes with rocks and beautifies them,
while it touches upon the milkmaid, and by
describing her condition shows her to be a
child of the very Nature you are showing up.”
“ I think you’re right,” said the sweet
angel. “ I'll tell pa where he was wrong.
This is the way the fifth verse runs:
“And close behind the farmer’s boy
Trills forth his simple tunes,
And slips behind the maiden coy—”
“ And splits his pantaloons!” Done it
myself; know just exactly how it is. Why,
bless your heart, you—”
Snip, snip. Paste, paste. But it is with
a saddened heart that he snips and pastes
among his exchanges now. The beautiful
vision that for a moment dawns upon him
has left, but the recollection in his heart of
one sunbeam of life quenched by the shower
of tears with which she denounced him as a
nasty brute, and went out from him forever.
“ The Man Who Went West.”
A RACY ACCOUNT OF HOW IIE LIKED IT.
It is stated that the centre of population
moves Westward at the rate of ninety feet a
day, and is slowly passing across the south
ern portion of Ohio. It is evident, therefore,
that the “gorgeous East,” to which the Wc9t
has hitherto looked for the literature and
lucre, its manufactures and arts, its peda
gogues and pills, its capital and culture, is
fast losing its grip, and if it were to be sunk
out of existence to-morrow, or raised out of
sight in its own estimation, the West would
merely pause to say tra-la-lu, and keep right
on with its work. The loss of thirteen Con
gressmen to the East and a gain of nineteen
to the West, by the recent census, shows
where the crowd is rushing, and iu ten years
more the East will be taken under the wing
of the West, and the West will see that no
harm comes to it. We feel sorry for the
East. It has always done as well as
it knew how, and there has never been a
time when it would not sell us dry goods
and Yankee notions and take it out in
wheat, or loan money on a farm at 10
per cent. If its people generally cannot yet
regard the West as anything but a howling
wilderness, where the Indian and the wild
bison roam at will, instead of a land possess
ing the refinements of enlighted civiliza
tion, why then it is their misfortune and not
their fault. No enmity can ever come between
the two sections, for very many of the wealthy
farmers of the West, who own broad and fer
tile acres, will never forget that their early
manhood was passed amid the steep and
rocky hillsides <Jf the East, where corn was
planted with a mallet and cold chisel, and
after being washed out by rains a couple
of times grew and flourished to the height of
two and even three feet, with an ear on al
most every stalk. No one who is worthy the
name of a man ever forgets the scenes of his
boyhood. But the cotton factories of the
East are passing to the South and South
west, where they will be nearer the source
of the raw material; the publication of
books, which nobody ever supposed could be
done anywhere except in the East, has sud
denly been begun in the West, and $2,000,-
000 worth were executed with neatness and
despatch in one Western city alone in 1880;
Eastern illustrated papers, reflecting the cul
ture, humor, and police doings of the coun
try, still hold their own, but their time will
come; Eastern pills, which have drained so
much money from the West and built so many
palaces in the East, yet have a grip upon the
affections of our people, but their influence
is weakening, and pad factories are spring
ing up and manhood is being restored right
here in the West by Western firms; car fac
tories are coming nearer to Western iron and
wood every day ; our flouring mills, which
already make flour enough for paste, are in
creasing in number and capacity, and the
woods are full of sawmills; we shall need
Eastern oil aud coal a little longer, until a
way is found to decompose water, and then
we shall have no favors to ask, and the East
must not recognize us when we meet on the
street. — Peck's Sun.
The stomach of a horse has a capacity of
about sixteen quarts, while that of the ox has
two hundred and fifty. In the intestines this
proportion is reduced, the horse having a ca
pacity of one hundred and ninety quarts,
against one hundred of the ox. The ox, and
nearly all other animals, have a gall-bladder
for the retention of a part of the bile, secreted
during digestion. The horse has none, and
the bile flows directly into the intestines as
fast as secreted. Thi9 construction of the
digestive apparatus indicates that the horse
wa? r furmed to eat slowly, and digest con
V TERMS, $1.50 RER ANNUM.
( SI.OO for Six Mftiths.
ti mi ally bulky and innutritious food ; when'
fed on hay, it passes very rapidly through'
the stomach into the intestines. The horso
can cat but five pounds of hay in an hour,
during mastication, with four times its weight
of saliva. Now. the stomach, to digest itf
well, will contain but about ten quarts; and 1
when the animal eats one-third of his daily"
rations, or seven pounds, in one and one half
hours,'lie has swallowfid at least two stomach
fuls of hay and saliva, one of these having"
passed to the intestines. Observation lias
shown that the food is passed to the intes
tines by the stomach in the order in which it
is received. If we feed a horse w'itli six
quarts of oats, it will just fill his stomach ;
and if, as soon as lie finishes this, we feed
him the above ration of seven pounds of
hay, he will eat sufficient in three quarters
of an hour to have forced the oats entirely
out of his stomach into the intestines. As it
is the office of the stomach to digest the
nitrogenous parts of the feed, and as the
storaachful of oats contains four or five times
as much of these as the same amount of hay,
it is certain that cither the stomach must
secrete the gastric juice five times as fast, or
it must retain this food five times as long.
By feeding the oats first, it can only to re*
tained long enough for the proper digestion
of the ha}'; consequently it seems logical,-
when feeding a concentrated food like oats*
with a bulky one like hay, to feed the latter
first, giving the grain the whole time between 1
the repasts to be digested. The digestion of
the horse is governed by the same laws as
that of a man ; and as we know it is not best
for a man to go at hard work the moment a
hearty meal is eaten, so we should remember
that a horse ought to have a little rest after
his meal, while the stomach is most active in
the processes of digestion. —Southern Planta
American Crop News.
A letter to a New York commission firm
from a wealthy Georgia gentleman whoso
intimate acquaintance with the planting in
terest extends over a period of perhaps forty
years, says that the condition of the wholo
cotton country is far worse than two years
ago. “In fact, at no time since the war were
planters worse off than now. And why ?
Simph' because they run on cotton and neg
lected corn and meat, and now they have liter
ally no bread and meat, and to pay for it
(from the West) the cotton money is insuf
ficient. Planters have run on credit to the
merchants until many a merchant is broken,
and the planters are flatly refused farther
credit. Well, it has reached a point that they
must raise their own provisions or starve.
What will be their conrse ? Well, they must
naturally change their tactics, and make corn
and meat raising their first consideration, and
that means less planting of cotton. There
are locations where they did raise cotton
enough, but those areas are small. I consider
the big crop of the past3 r ear due to excessivo
planting, and the earliest crop I ever knew.
The picking season was good until November,
and after bad, hence so much poor cotton.
* * * There can be no doubt of ono
thing, and that is that the planting this year
cannot exceed the last, but is likely to fall
below it. Then we can hardly liavo an early
crop like last 3'ear (as it was unusual). Then
we cannot hope for so favorable a season as
last year up to November. So far we are
fully two weeks behind all usual time. I
consider that the probabitities are that the
next crop will fall below the last one a million
of bales, and yet be an average fair crop.”—
A Fresh Water Spring in the Atlantic.
One of the most remarkable displays of
nature may be seen on the Atlantic coast,
eighteen miles south of St. Augustine. Oflf
Matanzas Inlet, aqd three miles from shore,
a mammoth fresh water spring gurgles up
from the depths of the ocean with such force
and volume as to attract the attention of all
who come in its immediate vicinity. This
fountain is large, bold and turbulent. It i9
noticeable to fishermen and others passing in
small boats along near the shore. For many
years this wonderful and mysterious freak
of nature has been known to the people of
St. xAugustine and those living along the
shore, and some of the superstitious ones have
been taught to regard it with a kind of
reverential awe, or holy horror, as the abode
of supernatural influences. When the waters
of the ocean in its vicinity are otherwise calm
and tranquil, the upheaving and troubled
appearance of the water shows unmistakable
evidences of internal commotions. An area
of about half an acre shows this ttoubled ap
pearance—Something similar to the boiling
of a washerwoman’s kettle. Six or eight
years ago Commodore Hitchcock, of tho
United States Coast Survey, was passing this
place, and his attention was directed to tho
spring by the restless upheavings of the water,
which threw his ship from her course as she
entered the spring. Ilis curiosity becoming
excited by this circumstance, he set to
to examine its surroundings, and found six
fathoms of water everywhere in the vicinity,
while tiie spring itself was almost fathomless*
—Savannah ( Ga .) Neves.