ROBERT S. HOWARD-,/
Editor and Publisher. \
frofeaswnftf & business (Eunk.
foio .1. M ieiriti.\m>.
ATTOIiN EY-AT-LA W,
Will promptly attend to all business entrusted to
him. dec 17,’50.
Dbc. >. it. 4' Asia.
Tenders his professional services to the surround
ing country. Rheumatism, Neuralgia and the dis
eases of women a specialty.
Feb. lfth. 1880. ly
n<m AECi> TIMMIIVHO.A,
A TTORNE Y- AT-L A W,
Prompt and faithful attention given to all busi
ness placed in his hands.
Atlorm- and Connselar n,t (,<uv,
Will attend faithfully to all business entrusted
<o his care. >|f 4| U mch4,
Simian a rnom*v(.
ATTORNEYS-A T-L AW,
J KFFKItSON, Ga,
Will practice in Jackson and adjoining counties;
Notice to Contractors.
WILL be let, to the lowest bidder, before the
Court House door in Jefferson, on Wednes
day, the 18th day of May, 1881, the contract for
building the bridge across the Mulberry river, at
the place known as the Lyle bridge*, under the
following specifications, to-wit: Said bridge to
be built on a level with west bank of the river,
with two spans—one a queen post truss fifty feet,
the other common span length to suit length of
balance of bridge; one arch, to be built in river
upon a crib, length of same to suit heighth of arch
and eight feet wide, with middle sill at the bottom,
and of timbers 10x12 inches, notched into each
other so as not to leave more than two inches
space between, and pinned with two-inch pins at
each corner and filled up with rock ; arch or
trestle to be set upon said crib and fastened b}'
banding over end of mud sill with three-inch bar
iron, bolted into three logs of crib ; two main rods
ofiron. I.] inches in diameter, to extend from
through middle sill in bottom of crib up through
mud sill, cap sill and'onc sleeper, and securely
fastened with tap and washer ; two other arches
to be built in the same manner and let into the
ground'at least six feet and filled in on with rock
and dirt at each embankment. All sleepers to be
10x12 or Sxl2 inches, and to lap three feet over
cap sills; uprights to trestle or arch to be 10x12
inches, teneptod aud .mojticed half through qap
sills and pinned ; dap sins* 10x12 incites, 1.7 feet
long; mud sills 12x14 inches, length to suit highth
of arch ; flooring 2x12 inches, 14 feet long; ban
isters made of 3x4 scantling; uprights placed S„
feet apart, morticed through the floor and keyed
on under side and braced on outside; floor to be
spiked down with -iO-pcimy spikes, two in each
end of plank, and right and left in intermediate'
sleepers. Sleepers in old bridge down the river
allowed to.be used in crib and all flooring that is
sound and suitable. Ail tfmbers.to be good-heart,
and if hewn Colic well and smoothly done. Bond,
with two good securities,required in a sum double
the amount of the* bid, conditioned for a faithful
complyance of the contract, immediately after the
letting. The work to be paid for when completed
in accordance with the specifications, arrd to be
completed in fifty days from the time of 5, letting.
Full and complete specifications can be seen at
this oflice. aplly 11. W. BELL, Ord’y.
Jackson Postponed Sheriff's
WILL be sold before the Court House door in
Jefferson, Jackson county, Ga., within the
legal hours of sale, to the highest and best bidder
at public out-cry, on the Ist Tuesday in May,
1881, the following property, to-wit: 'One tract
of land, lying in said county, and in Clarkesboro’
District, on the waters of Red Stone creek, ad
joining lands of Mrs. Martin, E. P. Clayton and
others, and further described as the place where
on John J. Flournoy resided at the time of his
death, containing two hundred and sixty-five
acres, more or less. Said land moderately well
improved. Said tract of land levied on as the
property of .John J. Flournoy, to satisfy a li. fa.
issued from the Superior Court of said county in
favor of Charles Witt against said John J. Flour
noy, which said fi. fa. is now controlled by L. C.
Matthews. Property pointed out by plaintiff's
attorney. Legal notice of levy given tenant in
possession. S. E. BAILEY,
Deputy Sheriff Jackson County.
Jackson Sheriff's Sale.
WILL be sold, before the Court House door in
Jefferson, Jackson county, Ga., within the
legal hours of sale, on the first Tuesday in Mav,
1881, to the highest and best bidder, the following
property, to-wit: A tract of land, situated in
said county, on the waters of the South Oconee
river, adjoining lands of Lanier. Duke. Webb and
others, and known as a part of the Washington
Lay place, containing eighty-four acres, more or
less. On said place there is a good log dwelling
house, out-houses, Ac. About thirty-live or forty
acres in cultivation, balance in old field pines and
forest timber. Levied on as the property of M.
N. and M. J. Duke, to satisfy a ii. fa. issued from
the County Court of Jackson county in favor of
Upshaw A Griffeth vs. AI. N. and M. J. Duke.
Fi. fa. now controlled by T. R. Holder. Written
notice served upon Thomas Bennett, tenant in
possession, as the law directs.
T. A. McELHANNON,
Sheriff J. C., Ga.
e Idmiuistf'tyLor’s Sale.
V Gil EE A Bid! to an order from the court of Or
dinary of Jackson county, will be sold, before
the Court House door in Jeil'erson, on the first
'1 uesday in May next, withfn the legal hours of
the following property, to-wit: A tract of
sitnated in said county, on the waters of
cych Creek, containing five acres, more or less,
a< joining lands of Harper Arnold and Jas. Mc-
J aniei. About one and a half acres bottom land
and the balance old liold. Being a part of the
>.u o y Chandler estate, and sold for distribution,
ierms cash. J. \y. u. HAMILTON,
, . . T. K SMITH,
s of Bailey Chandler, dcc‘d.
W heieas, tlie load commissioners, appointed for
the purpose of reviewing and reporting upon the
public utility of establishing as one of the public
roads of said ihp commuting near
Pleasant Hill school-house, on the Caines vide and
llomcr road, and running the traveled way over
the lands of W. S. Crisler and J. U. Brownin'*,
and intersecting at the forks of' the GainfesVille ami
Gillsville roads, on the llall county line; also, the
road comineneing-at the Jefferson and Monroe
road, near' bridge, oh thif Mulberry
river, and being tire traveled way by 1. T. Austin's,
the Holliday mill place and intcrsecung with the
Athens and Lawrenceville.road near James Thur
mond’s. Said commissioners having reported said
roads of public utility', an order will be granted,
finally establishing said roads as public roads, on
Monqay, the 2ml day' of May, ISSI, if no good
cause to the contrary is shown on or by that day.
Given under my r ollicial signature, this April
-’Oth, im. 11. W. HELL, Ordy.
Administi * atoi ,y s Salc .
EY virtue of an order from the Court of Ordi
nary of Gwinnett county. Georgia, will be
sold before the Court House door in the town of
Lawrencevifle, on the Ist Tuesday in May. 1881,
the following described tract or parcel of land
situated in Jackson county, Georgia, and belong
ing to the estate of Jessce Osborn, deceased, to
One hundred acres of land, more or less, adjoin
ing the line between Jackson and Gwinnett coun
ties on the west, tiie lands of I. N. McMilian, on
the east. Martha Benson, on the north, and on
the south by the road leading from Lawrcnccvillc
to Jefferson, and being the place whereon Mr.
Shelluut how resides.
Sold for the purpose of distribution among the
heirs of said Osborn, and to carry out his last
will. ROBT. 11. BRADFORD,
AdinTde bonis non.
Wh creas, upon application to me. in terms of
the law, by one-fifth of the qualified voters of the
255th District, G. M., of said county, asking for
an election to be called in said District, that the
question of the restriction qf the sale of intoxicat
ing liquors in said District may be submitted to
the voters thereof—
It is hereby ordered that an election be held in
said District, at the usual place of holding elec
tions in the same, on Saturday, the 7th day of
May, 1SS1; that those voting at said elections who
favor restriction shall have written or printed
on their bollots the words, ‘*For Restriction, ’’
and those who oppose shall have written or printed
on their ballots the words, “ Against Restriction,”
and that the managers of said election shall keep
duplicate list of voters and tallcy sheets, certify
and sign the same, one of which shall be tiled
with the Clerk of the Superior Court of said county
and the other forwarded without delay to his Ex
cellency the Governor. 11. W. BELL, Ord’y.
April Oth, 1881.
QISOKIA, Jackson County.
Z IV. HOOD, j Jackson Court of Ordi-
Propoundcr of the last j nary, April term, 1881.
will and testament of | Application for probate
Steven Wilson, dec'd. (-of will in solemn form
vs. | and for Letters of Ad-
Ilcirs at law of said | ministration with the
deceased. J will annexed.
It appearing to the Court that one of the heirs
at law in the above stated case resides without
the State, to-wit: Andrew Harris; it is, there
fore, f •
Okjikred, That service or notice of the above
application lie perfected upon said Andrew Har
ris by publication of this order once week for
three weeks in the -Jackson Herald, a newspa
per published in'said county of Jackson, prior to
the hearing thereof on the first Monday in May,
April 4th, ISSI. 11. W. BELL, Ord’y.
A trite extract from the minutes of the Court
of Ordinary of Jackson county. Georgia.
11. W. BELL,
15 Ex-OUicio Clerk Court Ordinary.
Whereas, Jas. L. Williamson applies to me for
Letters of Administration on the estate of Mica
gah Williamson, dec’d, late of said county—
This is to cite all concerned, kindred and credi
tors. to show cause, if any exist, at the regular
term q £ the Court of Ordinary of said county, on
the first Monday in (May, ISSI, why said letters
should not be granted the applicant.
Given under my official signature, this March
28th, 1881. li. W. BELL, Ordinary.
A LARGE AND COMPLETE STOCK OF
Churches and Ministers supplied with Books at
publishers prices, by
BURKE & ANDERSON,
Feb. 25 Athens, Ga.
EffIOIIEAGE JQIE MANUFACTURES.
Mnysville Slide Factory.
We manufacture all kinds of shoes ; mens’
Brogans and Boots,-ladies’ High and bow Quar
tered Shoes, childrens!!Shoes, HARNESS and
BRIDLES. We are prepared to makl all kinds
of tine work. We work the best material in the
most popular styles, and
Warrant our Work Equal to
any Goods on the Market.
Wc have experienced workmen employed, for
both coarso and fine work. As we defy competi
tion in quality, prices and service, wc hope to
have the pleasure of supplying you with B<sots and
Shoes. BROWN & RILEY.
ft@“We also keep constantly on hand a select
stock of Groceries and Provisions. Bacon, Lard.
Sugar, Coffee, Syrup, Dry Goods,*Ac., &c.
Notice to Tax-Payers!
I will be at the following named places and
dates, for the purpose of receiving your Tax
Returns for the year ISSI :
Randolph’s, April 4th, May 2d and 17th.
House’s, April sth, May 4th aud 18th.
Chandler’s, April Gth, May sth and 19th.
Santer Fe, April 7th, May Gth and 20th.
Clarkesborougli, April Sth and ISth, May 9th.
Iluman’s Store, April lltli and 29th, May 23d.
William Grilieth’s, April 12th and 27th, May
Maysvillo, April iSth amlj26th, May 25th and
2 Ith. * .
Harmony Grove, April 11th and22d I Mny 12th.
Nicf|oß(Mi*Aki£jl 20Ui, May 11th.
Wliita'b Mill, April 21st.
Nairn’s Store, April 25th.
Berfjamm Atkins*, April 2stk.
Jasper N. Thompsoir s. May ifcb t
Williamson’s Mill, May 10th.
Apple Valley', May' 13th.
May Kith. ,
DeLaperr lore’s Stole, May 27th.
I will be at Jeiierson every Saturday till first
of June, at which time my books will be closed.
J. W. X. LANIER,
Tax Receiver Jackson C untv.
‘ THE JACKSON HERALD.”
JEFFERSON. JACKSON COUNTY, GA., FRIDAY. APRIL 29, ISSJ.
[From the Department of Agriculture.
Prevention of Fowl Cholera.
Although the cholera of fowls is an excecd
ingly virulent and fatal disease, destroying
vast numbers of birds of different species,
and remaining on pemises for years after be
ing once introduced, wc are satisfied, after a
long series of experiments, that there are
points in its natural history which enable us
to control it with comparative ease and with
a considerable degree of certainty. These
1. The virus is not diffusible. —That is, the
disease germs are seldom if ever taken up by
the air and carried any considerable distance
to produce the malady. The virus remains
in the Axed form, and is generally, if not al
ways, taken into the body with the food ; it
is distributed over the grounds, feeding
places, etc., in the excrement of affected bird*,
and the food, drink, and gravel are thus con
taminated. Healthy birds may be kept in
coops within a few feet of the sick ones for
months without contracting the disease ; but
if the former are now placed in the same in
closure with the latter they sicken in a few
2. The virus must be carried upon the
grounds frequented by foicls bejore they con
tract the disease. —lt is not probable that this
disease originates, in any considerable num
ber of cases, in an}’ other way than by con
tagion. There is a possibility that it may
originate in occasional instances by filthy
surroundings if closely confined, or by feed
ing on decomposing substances; but there
arc few- facts to support such a conclusion,
and it appears certain that in the vast ma
jority of cases the disease is imported and
kept up by contagion alone.
It is thus brought upon farms either (1)
with sick or infected fowls newly acquired,
(2) with the blood or parts of the bodies of
dead birds carried on the feet of people or
brought by dogs or other animals, (3) with
infected manure or feathers, or (4) possibly
by wild birds, animals (rabbits), or even in
sects that have contracted the disease or have
eaten the blood or bodies of affected birds
recently dead. The origin of the disease can
generally be traced in country districts,
where houses arc a considerable distance
apart, to recently acquired poultry. It is
only in districts more thickly peopled, and
then in exceptional instances, that the germs
are carried by wild birds or animals or by
PREVENTIVE MEASURES FOE GROUNDS AL
1. Is the disease cholera ?—Fowls frequent
ly die in considerable numbers from diseases
that are not|contagious t and lichee it is a
matter of primary importance' to decide as to
the nature of the affection when cholera is
suspected. In my own experience I have
found that this might be done with compara
tive certainty by inspection of the excre
ments. With fowls the excretions of the
kidneys are joined in the cloaca with the un
digested parts of the food, and both solid and
liquid excrement are consequently voided to
gether. They are not mixed to any great
extent however; the part excreted by the
kidneys is easily distinguished, as (luring
health it is of a pure white color, while the
bowel discharges are of various lines. The
kidney excretion will be hereafter referred to
as the urates, and it is the only part which
claims our attention.
After a fowl takes the contagion into its
body the first and only reliable symptom.is a
coloration of the urates. At first these have
only a faint yellow tint, which rapidly
changes, however, into a deep yellow color";
up to this time the bird shows no other signs
of the disease, its temperature is unchanged
and its excrement of a normal consistency.
In one or more days after this yellow color
appears the urates are greatly increased in
quantity and constitute the whole or a greater
part of the discharges and an obstinate diar
rhoea sets in ; in a few cases the urates now
become greenish, aud exceptionally they arc
of a deep green color.
The only lesion seen in post-mortem ex
aminations that is likely to attract the atten
tion of non-professional observers is the en
larged liver, which is nearly constant—it may
be of various shades of color. Besides this
the presence of yellow urates in the cloaca
and ureters is a valuable sign and is generally
2. Sick birds must be destroyed. —The ex
crements of sick birds are the principal means
of spreading the contagion, and the first step
in stamping out the disease is, consequently,
to destroy all which are voiding yellow urates.
Care should be had to make the distinction
between the urates and the bowel dejections,
for the latter are frequently or a yellow color
in health; but a little observation will pre
clude any mistake of this kind. The killing
should not be by any method which allows
the escape of blood, as this fluid is even more
virulent than the excrement; wringing the
neck is a quick and easy method of destroy
ing the life. Once killed the bodies are to
be taken beyond the limits of the poultry run
and deeply buried.
If it is decided to keep the sick birds till
they die or recover, they should be placed in
an inclosure by themselves, as far as possible
from the healthy ones, where they may be
cared for without entering, so that there will
be no danger of carrying particles of the ex
crement on the boots aud spreading the in
o. Healthy birds must be placed on disin
fected grounds. —lf a piece of land is at hand
to which the sick birds have not had access
and which is consequently free from the con
tagion, the healthy birds should be penned
upon it; but if all of the land is infected,
then a piece is to be selected and thoroughly
disinfected with the solution mentioned furth
er on in this paper. The fowls are to be re
stricted to this disinfected ground for several
months, or even a year or more, if practicable.
The drinking vessels and feeding troughs are
to be new, or if used before they must be
soaked for twelve hours with the same solu
tion before being placed in the new inclosure.
4. Observations to be continued to note the
first re-appearance of the disease. —Some of
the fowls, though well at the time of removal
to disinfected quarters, may be infected with
FOR THE PEOPLE.
the disease, and after the period of incuba
tion, which varies from three to twenty days,
will sicken. It is necessary, therefore, to
make a careful inspection of the excrement
each morning for at least three weeks after
the separation of the sick fowls. If yellow
urates are discovered, the birds must lie
watched until the sick: one is detected. To
facilitate tiie early discovery of such sick
fowls and prevent infection of the health)'
ones it is advisable, where practicable, to
separate the birds into lots of two or three
each at the start; and this separation may
always be practiced as a last resort where the
disease successfully defies our efforts for a
considerable time; but where this is impos
sible a little ftatience will generally enable
one to pick out the sick before any harm has
resulted. As soon as the sick bird is re
moved the excrement must be scraped up and
burned, and-the run must be again sprinkled
witli the disinfectant; or, the well birds may
be changed to fresh ground as before. This
method of management is to be continued as
long as new cases of the disease occur.
By a careful observance of these rules one
can frequently check the disease with a loss
of but one or two fowls out of a large flock.
5. Disinfection. —For this disease we have
a very cheap and most effective disinfectant.
It is a solution made by adding three pounds
of sulphuric acid to forty gallons of water
(or | lb. of acid to 3| gallons of water) and
mixing evenly by agitation or stirring. This
may bo applied to small surfaces with a com
mon watering-pot, or to larger grounds with
a barrel mounted on wheels and arranged
like a street-sprinkler. In disinfecting poultry
houses the manure must be first thoroughly
scraped up and removed beyond the reach of
the fowls ; a slight sprinkling is not sufficient,
but the floors, roosts, and grounds must be
thoroughly saturated with the solution, so
that no particle of dust however small escapes
being wet. It is impossible to thoroughly
disinfect if the manure is not removed from
the roosting places.
Sulphuric acid is very cheap, costing at re
tail not more than twenty-fivo cents a pound
and at wholesale but five or six cents ; the
barrel of disinfecting solution can, therefore,
be made for less than a dollar and should be
thoroughly applied. It must be remembered,
too, that sulphuric acid is a dangerous drug
to handle, as when undiluted it destroys
clothing and cauterizes the flesh wherever it
touches. The safest way is, therefore, to
take a five-gallon keg nearly full of water to
the druggist and have him place the strong
acid in this; the contents of the keg may
then be safely transported and added to the
barrel of water.
6. Fumigation. —ln those cases where the
disease has been raging for a considerable
time the feathers become saturated with the
contagion and it is necessary, before placing
the fowls on the disinfected run, to put them
in a close building and thoroughly fumigate
them with sulphur. For this purpose a pan
of burning coals is taken and flowers of sul
phur thrown upon them as long as the air can
be breathed without danger of suffocation.
When the disease is recognized at the outset
this is not necessary.
PREVENTIVE MEASURES FOR GROUNDS NOT YET
1. Newly acquired birds to be isolated. —
When cholera is raging in a locality, all birds
introduced from other flocks should be placed
in an inclosurc by themselves for at least
three weeks, until it is certain that they are
free from the disease. No fowls should be
accepted from a place known to be infected
for at least a year after the last-kno/vn cases
2. Precautions in regard to eggs. —All eggs
from a distance to bo used for hatching must
be thoroughly cleaned of all particles of ex
crement adhering to them, and the water with
which they are washed, as well as cloths or
brushes used, must be raised to the boiling
point before being thrown upon grounds to
which poultry has access. The virus is al
ways destroyed by a boiling temperature, or
even by 140 deg. F., if maintained for fifteen
3. Folds not to ivander upon adjoining in
fected premises. —A stone wall is, in towns,
frequently the boundary line of an infected
place, and though fowls are upon each side
of it the contagion may not cross for years.
In such cases it is a matter of the greatest
importance to prevent the healthy fowls from
trespassing upon the infected grounds.
4. Fovds from neighboring infected premi
ses to be rigidly excluded. —lf it is important
to keep healthy fowls from infected grounds,
it is not less important to exclude fowls liv
ing in infected quarters from entering on runs
that are still free from the disease. Even
though insusceptible to cholera and, conse
quently, healthy, they are able to carry the
virus on their feathers and feet and may even
distribute it with their own excrement; for
although the virus is unable to propagate it
self in the blood and tissues of insusceptible
birds, there is reason to believe that it may
still multiply in the contents of their diges
5. 'Other infected substances to be excluded
from the runs. —Manure from infected places
is often purchased and spread upon land to
which healthy poultry has access and thus
becomes a means of spreading the disease.
This should cither be entirely excluded from
the farm or the fowls should not be allowed
to come near where it is placed. It cannot
be safely disinfected. Feathers and dead
birds are also at times carried a considerable
distance by various agencies, and should be
guarded against when possible.
By a careful observance of these rules the
fowl cholera may be excluded indefinitely,
and may be exterminated when it has made
its appearance. The writer has had a very
virulent form of the disease among experi
mental fowls for nearly eight months, and
though his home flock is but a short distance
from them, but a few of these have sickened,
and then the disease Las been checked with
the loss of a single bird in each instance. It
is believed that the birds which thus contract
ed the disease were infected by flies, which
would gorge themselves with virulent blood
in the laboratory, where dissections were
made, and then fall victims to the poultry
ffhich were running about outside. No cases
have occurred in this manner since the cold
weather has destroyed these insects.
The experiments on which the above regu
lations are founded will lie detailed in future
reports of this Department; they arc suffici
ently numerous to be worthy of the fullest
The value of the method of preventive in
oculation or vaccination discovered by
Pasteur has not yet been decided, but in view
of the comparative ease with which the affec
tion may bo controlled by the measures de
tailed above, we doubt if it can ever bo ad
vantageously adopted as a means of prevent
ing this particular disease.
D. E. Salmon, D. V. INI.
Asheville, N. C., Feb. 18 th, 1881.
♦ ♦ m —•
Mr. Factandfancy has noticed—
That the boy who is most afraid’of the girls
is the first to be corralled in matrimony.
That the little boys prefer boys to girls.
That they soon change, never to go back
to their early love.
That little girls love the girls best.
That they don’t get over their preference
a9 soon as the boys do—some of them never.
That women love the men because they
love everything they have to take care of.
That men love women because they can't
That the wife loves her husband so well
that she has no thoughts for other men.
That the husband so loves his wife that he
loves all women for her sake.
That girls who have given over all hope of
matrimony, or who never had any, love to
flirt with married men.
That the married man is apt to think him
self all killing among the fair sex simply be
cause lie has found one woman fool enough
to marry him.
That homely husbands arc the best. They
never forget the compliment paid them by
their wives in accepting them.
That homely wives arc the truest. They
know how to make the most of what they
have. Lightning seldom strikes in the same
place, and homely women feci that a similar
law governs question popping.
That the man who marries late in life does
That the man who marries young docs bet
That the man who never marries is to be
That the woman who marries does well.
That the woman who does not marry docs
better nine times out of ton.
That the young man who prattles about the
“daises” would turn as rod as a beet and
tremble like an aspen if ono of them should
look at him out of the corner of her eve.
That the fellow who makes the most con
quests has the least time to brag.
That the man who thinks the girls arc all
in love with him is happy after his way.
That the man who loves all the girls is
happy after the true way.
That the man who loves his wife may still
love other women.
That the least to saj' about liis love for
other women the smoother will be his matri
That old people think that lovers act like
That thcse*samc old people would like to
be young lovers again if they had to act like
That it is a mistake to say a person *• falls”
in love. Love is a long step upward toward
heaven. It is heaven.
That as wc are commanded to love our
neighbor as ourselves, wc should see to it
that our neighbor is a charming young wo
That it is time to stop, for fear our readers
might become lovesick. —Boston Transcript.
How a Rebel Major Got His Pardon.
A few days after the war had been declared
at an end, Major Urewry went to Washington,
and, without the usual ceremony of sending
in liis name, lest he.should be refused an in
terview, made his way into the presence of
Secretary Stanton. “ Mr. Secretary,” said
he, “ I want my pardon as soon as possible.
I’ve fought against you as loDg as I could,
and I’ve been whipped, and now I want to go
home and go to work. I’ve got hundreds of
acres of land that have been lying fallow for
the last four years, and I want to gent seed
into every inch of it this spring, so I'll thank
you to give me my pardon and let me go.”
110 talked so fust that Mr. Stanton could not
get in a word ; but being amused and rather
pleased by Major Drewry’s bluff’ manner, he
asked at last, “ On what ground do you ex
pect to get a pardon, sir ?” “On the ground,
sir, that I showed you how to build a navy.
You sent your fleet of old wooden ships up to
Drewry’s Bluff, and we knocked them all to
pieces and showed you, sir, that wooden ships
wern’t worth a d—. And then you went to
work and got together a navy that was worth
something, and it’s on the ground that m3'
men proved your needs to you that I want a
pardon.” The Secretar}’ laughed, and told
the honest rebel to call next day, as he would
like to talk further with him. Next day
Major Drewrj' got his pardon, and in return,
gave Mr. Stanton a great deal of valuable in
formation concerning the South and its
prospects, lie went back to his pleasant
homo on the James, and has ever since been
a wise, enterprising, prosperous citizen.
S TERMS, $1.50 PER ANNUM.
) SI.OO for Six Months.
\\ vv\\su\e C\u\WYuw s.
Several of the Western States have every
spring an arbor day, appointed by the
(Governor, and devoted to the planting of trees
along the highways.
A German girl of Sheboygan, Wisconsin,
has been married to a Chippewa Indian, and
has followed him to the lodges of his tribe,
where she dwells with him in the usual attire
ot a squaw.
The Rev. Mr. Titus, of Indianapolis, chal
lenges anybody to take the negative of the
following proposition in a public discussion :
Resolved, 1 hat it is right for a minister
to take all the people are willing to dve
A Berlin pipe manufacturer recently pre
sented Bismarck with a superb meerschaum
pipe, bearing the Prince’s arms. .The latter
returned it with a note from his secretary,
saying .that when he waited a pipe he could
afford to buy one.
The heavy duties imposed in Germany
in consequence of Bismarck’s new tariff liavo
largely developed smuggling in German ports,
and proportionately the number of arrests,
prosecutions, and sentences of lino and im
prisonment. In Bremen a bloody conflict
occurred recently between smugglers and
The circus manager who advertised for
the handsomest woman in the United States
has chosen from among the applicants Louise
Montague. She is a singer in variety shows,
a beauty of the brunette type, and a favorite
of the Bowery youths. She will represent
Lalla Rookh in a street pageant.
A Vermont clergyman makes the future
of good Christians clear by saying : “ After
crossing the mystic river, we shall goon from
the man to the angel, from the angel to the
archangle, from the archangel to the celestial,
from the celestial to the divine, and then,
gathering the stars in clusters aboutour heads,
dream out the endless dream of eternity.”
The following is from an advertisement
published at Bristol. Conn.: “ Lost, strayod,
or stolen from his bereaved household, "one
red-headed man, five feet and eight inches tall,
full set of false teeth on upper jaw, and one
real one on lower jaw. Please cause said
man to be arrested and returned to his bereav
Nevada farmers are in a quandary. When
those in Carson valley began to plough they
found that they were turning up whole beds
of grasshoppers. The Virginia Chronicle says
that if they cultivate the crops they wHV bo
eaten by the grasshoppers, and if they dp not
stir the soil they will have no crops. Farmers
have suspended ploughing to oonsidor tho
There is a division in the First Congre
gational Church at Bangor, Me. One of the
accusations against the pastor is that, after
modestly retiring from a meeting while resolu
tions in his praise were being discussed, ho
listened to and watched the proceedings
through the crack of a door.
A man built a house worth SIO,OOO at
Andover, Mass., without spending a dollar,
lie bought all the material on six months’
credit, and at the end of that time reffused to
pay. All the stuff was fast in the house,
which he had sold to his wife. The labor was
obtained on the same plan, and even tho
widow who boarded the workmen was
swindled. The man lives placidly in his
fine residence, but is not greatly loved by his
The new Emperor of Russia has a passion
for economy. As Czarewitch lie looked after
every penny, and in his palace there was
neither waste nor extravagance. lie groaned
over the lavish generosity of his father to the
very questionable gang, who had only to mako
debts for their imperial master to pay them.
One thing at least is certain, that the Emperor
will wage a war of extermination against'
speculators, and will not allow any friends or
Ministers of his to dip their hands into the
Lord Beaconsfield had two brothers—
James, deceased, and Ralph. lie never as
sociated with any of his kindred, but he ap
pointed James, in 1852, when he became
Chancellor o£ the Exchequer, a Commissioner
of Inland Revenue, the salary of which is
.£2,000 a year, and his brother Ralph was, at
his request, appointed by Lord Chancellor
Cairns, in 1867, deputy clerk of the House
of Lords, the salary of which is £1,200. They
both, particularly James, bore a strong like
ness to their remarkable brother.
The question is asked along the Pacific
coast, What is to be the future of Nevada,
if, as seems more than likely, the Comstock
mines are wholly exhausted ? The State has
a population of scarcely 50,000, and offers
few inducements to new settlers, especially
if her mines are used up. Only a few patches
and streaks of the land are fit for agriculture,
and pot much is good for stock raising. Even
the small population now possessed by tho
State is diminishing, many of tho miners
about the Comstock migrating to California,
Arizona, and Colorado. The expense of con
ducting a State Government is very burden
some under tho circumstances, and it is
thought that a return to the condition of a
Territory will be considered an imperative
necessity before long.
A negro maniac started out at St. James,
La., brandishing a long knife, and declaring
that he had been deputed by heaven to kill
everybod}'. He stabbed four persons in going
as many miles. A mounted messenger was
sent ahead to give warning of his coming,
and the people locked themselves in their
houses. At length a company of men, armed
with guns, was hastily formed. They lay in
ambush to shoot the madman when he camo
along. But Jules Dufresne said it was a
shame to slay him in cold blood, in view of
the fact that he was irresponsible, and offered
to capture him alone, without taking his life.
Taking only a club, Dufresne faced the negro
in the road, and after a desperate struggle