cents to be applied to the education of each
child. When, therefore, from this sum of
fifty cents for each scholar, or sixteen dol
lars for each schools, >s deducted, what may
be necessary to supply the poor children
with books and stationary, what may remaiu
undrawn irotu the Treasury, and that
which may be misapplied or not applied at
all by agents, it will scarcel wbe necessary to
estimate the sum which niH remain of the
sixty thousand dollars, to show its entire in
adequacy to pay teachers for all the school
districts, and to educate all the childreu in
the State. It is true that the law provides
that iu aid ol the funds which have been ap
propriated. the tr ustees of the school districts
may raise money by voluntary subscriptions,
and that the Interior Courts of the counties
may levy a tax. But that sy«te nis no sys
tem at all which depends upon voluntary
assistance to sustain it. ftsoperat'ous must
be too uuceriain and variable to be relied
upon foranv valuab'epurpose whatever. In
audition to these defects of the system, it may
be added, that the expenditure of the school
funds as directed by it w ill be very unequal.
In all the populous and wealthy districts,
and cauuties, where school houses will be
erected, teachers employed, and children
taught whet ter any aid is received from the
public funds or not, the proportion of the
school fund to which such counties and dis
tricts in ty he entitled, will be received and
expe de l, wnilst the sparsely populated and
and po »rdi .trictsaiid counties where schools
are not supported at present, will receive
nothing, because their proportion of the
schf ol fund will he too small to enable them
to employ teachers or uamtaio schools.—
Entertaining these opinions of tile metfici
ency and inequality ol the general system of
education by common schools, I consider it
my duty to recommend to the Legislature,
either to amen I it so as to in ike it what
it purports to be, or to abandon it altogether.
The two iiouaes will nod in the accompa
nying papers, several acts and resolutions,
passed at the last session of the Legis'atnre,
witii the reasons w they were not signed
or returned to the Houses in widen they
I regret to inform you that the Legisla
ture of the State of Maine has declined ta
king any measures to give satisfaction to this
State, for the violation of its constitutional
rights, by the refusal of Governor Dunlap
and (t ivernor Ken' lo deliver up *.o its author
ities upon their demand the fugitives from
its justice, Philbrook, and kelleran.—
You will p Tceive from the proceedings of
the Legislature of .Maine, at its last session,
that upon reference to it of all the docu
ments in relation to Philbrook and Kelleran
it contented i t self by resolving that the whole
of that subject was exclusively within the
province of the Executive Department, and
that it was inexpedient for the Legislature
to take an/ order in relation thereto, not
withstanding fllat the Legislature had pas
sed a law at its previous sesssion, defining
the power of tliePCxecufive Department in
arresting and delivering up fugitives from
justice, from other Slates, and evidently
wi'h the view of justifying Gov. Dunlap in
hi-, previous refusal lo deliver up Philbrook
an l K -llerun to the authorities of this State.
This conduct of the Legislature ol Maine
and tlie previous conduct of Governor Dun
lap an I G ivernor Kent, prove conclusively
tint the oppisitiou t> the institution of
id ivory is so great among the people of that
State, that their public authorities are pre
vented from obeying the injunctions of the
Constitution of the United States, when -,e
qaired to deliver ua fugitives from justice
til irged with the crime of violating the lights
of property in slaves. This State must there
fore protect by its own authority, the tights
of its citizens in slave property against this
disposition of Maine, to violate them. For
this purpose, you will be justified in declar
in' by law, that all citiz uis of Maine who
may come within tile jurisdiction of this
State, on hoard of any vessel as owners, of
j: cis. or mariners, shall be considered as
doing so with the intent to commit the crime
of seducing negro slave* Irom their owners,
and be dealt with accordingly by the officers
1 have uot called a convention oft! e peo
ple of the State to take into consideration
thp course, they ought to pursue in main
taining their rights, iii consequence ol the
refusal of Maine to do them justice, as direc
ted by the resolutions ol the Legislature,
passed at its session of 1837, for the reason,
that the Legislature failed to provide for the
expenses of such a Convention, and because
a Convention for another object had
already been called by the Legislature, and
its proceedings sub nitled to the people for
Your attention is calleil to a law which
has been passed by the Legislature ot'the
State of New-York, to authorize the arrest
and detention of fugitive* fiotn justice from
other States, and the Territories of the Un
ited States, a copy ofwhich the Legislature
of New-York has caused to be transmitted
to the Governors of each of the States, in
order that similar laws may be passed by
each. The copy received at this Depart
ment accompanies this message. I also lay
before you -copies ol very interesting pro
ceedings of the Legist ituro of the State ol
South Carolina ami the State ol New Jer
sey, in relation to the controversy between
this State and the State ol Maine.
The amendments to the Constitution,
which were proposed to the people for ratifi
cation, by the late Convention, have been
rejected by the most decided expression of
public opinion. This is the second time
that the people have refused to sanction the
proceedings of Conventions, held to reform
the Constitution; and in both instances have
probably b om induced to the course pursu
ed, by the beliefthat the amendments offered
for their approval, were intended lor section
al temporary party purposes. That the
proceedings of these Conventions, should
have been liable to such dccisvie objections,
is very much to be tegretted, since the a
meudmeuts to the Constitution, which they
were called to make, are indispensable to the
good government of the State. The present
number of the membeis of the Legislature
must be reduced, and the representation ol
the people equalized, to secure to the coun
try a wise, economical, and just system ol
public policy. From whatever causes the
failures to amend the Constitution may have
proceeded, it continues to lie an object ()l the
highest importance to: he people oft he State,
that it should be amended According to
the Constitution, the power of amending its
defects belongs exclusively to the Legisla
ture ; and to that body I would therefore
respectfully refer tha consideration ol the
The necessity of establishing a supreme
appellate juri diction, in order to give secu
rity to private rights, by correcting the er
rors, rendering uniform and certain, and
malting public the dccisi« us of our Superi
or Courts, has been frequently brought to
the attention of the Legislature, in previous
«onimuo ; .,cdtrons. The continued, indeed,
i*jcreas.iog importance sis such a tibu 1 * and,
arising "Ut ot lile increasing wealth and pop
ulation of His Slate, and the enlarged value
and diversity of the interests, which tnu«r of
consequence be adjudicated by our Courts,
make my justification for again recommen
ding iii i),e Legislature the organization of
a Supreme Court for the correction of er
Long continued ill health must be my a
pology tor the imperfect manner in w hich
these views are presented to the Legislature.
1 have been prevented by the same cause
from giving an exposition of the present
state of the public finances, and attempting
ioshow how the millions of money which
have been received for public lands
and from other sources of revenue, have
been continually wasted either by mistaken
appropriation or improvident management
until the Treasury is not only so exhausted
that it is without the funds for carrying on
the first great work which has been uuderta
ken by the State, but a public debt has been
contracted of more than a million of dollars.
I must content myself with reminding the
Legislature, that whilst for several years its
appropriations have beeu greater than the
Treasury could pay, the general animal tax
es which belong properly to the treasury,
have been given away to the counties, and
ol what is, perhaps, still more important to
he remembered, that the credit of the State
has been sacrificed, and its character disgra
ced, by the protest, in another State, of a
debt of three hundred thousand dollars, con
tracted by the Centrai Bank, under the au
thority of the Legislature, and which the
Legislature has prevented the Bank from
paying when due, by requiring that its
means should be applied lo other purposes.
The present state of the finances .mi the
system of public revenue and expenditure
hereafter, to be adopted, are subjects of the
highest importance, and demand, as 1 trust
they will receive, the prompt and earnest at
tention ot the Legislature.
About to retire fir mi the Executive de
partment, | must avail myself of the present
opportunity of expressing to you, and
through you to the people, my deep sense
■ f gratitude for the kindness aud confidence
which 1 have received from tlic conr.iry,
during my now extended public life, and
the strong desire which I must continue to
feel that the Government may be so ceu
ucted as best to secure the honor of the
State, and the prosperity of the people. #
GEORGE R. GILMER.
INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF GOV.
Charles i. McDonald.
Fellow Citizens Regarding toe of
fice to which I ha/e been called by the
people, as a trust reposed in me for their
benefit, 1 promise you that it shall fie dis
charged in such a manner as shall, in my
judgment, best effectuate its object.
The present is, in many respects, an
auspicious time for calm and wise deliber
The measures adopted by you for the ac
quisition of our territorial rights, carried
out by the energy of your own Execu
tive, sustained by the prompt and zealous
co-oper.ition of the federal authorities, h ive
happily terminated a subject which has
long been one of angry and embarrassing
controversy with the General Government.
The abandonment of the objectionable
ooliey of a high, unnecessary, protective
tariff; aud of the exercise of questionable
and doubtful powers by the National Gov
vermnent, has been followed by a state of
quiet and harmony in the Southern section
of the Union, which is without a prece
dent in the history of the Republic.
The spirit of fanaticism, too, which, for
a time, wore an alarming aspect, and seem -
ed threaten danger to the confederacy itself,
ha* been met and subdued by the sober
reflections of the people, clearly demonstra
ting how safely "error ol opinion may be tol
erated. when reason is left free to combat it.'
While this state of thing augurs well for
the permanency of our political institutions
it enables the State Governments to devote
all their faculties and energies to the im
provement of the in rral and intellectual con
dition of the people, and to such subjects
as shall promote their prosperity and hap
Whatever you undertake for the accom
plishment of these cardinal objects, and
which promises to the people equivalent ben
efits for burdens endured, shall have my
The power vested tn the Executive arm
by the Constitution and statutes passed in
pursuance of it for the enforcement of the
laws, shall be faithfully and impartially ex
erted for this purpose; but in the perform
ance of this duty, 1 look with confidence to
he aid which your wisdom and patriot ism
sli'll give me- to the support which I shall
have in the scrupulous observance of the
laws by all good citizens--and. to their ri
gid administration by all public functiona
Undue excitement is at all times, inimical
to rational action. Let us then, while en
gaged in thwpublic service, (orget all those
unkind feelings and animosities which some
times grow out ol an animated political con
test; let a nobler rivalry for the general good
assume their place, and wi*h the blessing of
Him, in whose hands ate the destinies o
nations, we may hope that our labors will
be signalized by “wisdom, moderation and
justice,” and result in the increased happi
ness of an approving people.
NE WS B Y THE G REAT WESTERN.
We select the following most interesting
items of Foreign news by the Great Western.
(treat Western, HarborofN. Y. )
Saturday Evening. Nov. 2d. 183!). \
Messrs. Editors.—We left Bristol on the
evening of Saturday, 19tli Oct and arrived
in this harbor this evening, having perform
ed the voyage in fourteen days and a few
hours. \ r ou will see by the papers which
I send you, that there was no political news
in Europe at the time of our departure.—
The same uncertainty which has existed
for some months past, in regard to the af
fairs of the East, still continued. The civil
warin Spain was still protracted by Cabrera,
who holds out. notwithstanding the flight
of his master, Don Carlos.
But the subject which most engrossed
the London press, for the last three weeks,
has been the Batik of the United States, and
its agent. Mr. Jaudon—a short time before
our sailing, however, the prompt and en
ergetic measures of that gentleman had
placed the affairs of the institution on so
favorable a footing, as to relieve the public
mind from all anxiety in regard to it.
At the time of our departure, the Bank ol
England was in a very embarrassed situation
and the suspension of specie payments, or
what was considered as tantamount to it. the
issue ol small notes, was confidently looked
for. At a meeting of the Directors, the day
before we started, the subject of raising the
rate of interest to the unprecedented extent
of seven per cent., was under discussion—it
is now at six per cent.
The Cotton market at Liverpool continu
es in a very deprassed state, with little pros
pect of improvement; indeed tears appea.ed
to be entertained by many largely interes
ted in that staple, that a still further de
dine in prices might take place, should the
mills be put upon half work, as was expect
ed to Lie the case, early in the present
salurdn y, Hoy. 10, | 8»9.
For ft* resist eiif.
GEORGE M. TROUP.
The official majority of Governor Mc-
Donald over Judge Dougherty, is 1,827.
Nothing, asyct of much interest, has been
brought forward in cither branch of the
Legislature. In glancing over the proceed
ings, published in the last .Milledgeville pa"
pers, all we find of any interest to the ma
jority of our readers, is. a bill, introduced
and read the first time, in the Senate, on the
rthinst. by Mr. Kelley, for the pardon of
Janies Templetou; and another in the
House, on the same day, by Mr Stell, to es
tablish two additional precincts in Stewart!!
A bill was introduced in the House on the
same day, by Mr. Flournoy, to repeal capi
tal punishment, so far as free white persons
are concerned, except lor the crime of
treason, and to institute in its stvad solitary
confinement; also, on the same day, bv NTr.
Parker, to repeal the law establishing a gen
eral system of education.
The following are the pioceedings had iu
the House, on the contested election from
Sumter oetween Messrs. l»ick«-ti and Pearce,
by which it will be seen that the Van Buren
members, with a few honorable exceptions,
shrunk Irom an investigation into the frauds
and corruptions that were charged upon
th ir party in Sumter, whereby the guilty
offenders ot the law have been screened from
merited punishment and infamy, aud the
whole matter sent back to the people.
’Tuesday November 5.
Air. Toombs oflered the following resol
Resolved , That .lamps E. Pickett, a mem
ber elect from the county of Suinter, as ap
pears from the official returns in the Execu
tive Office, be qualified and permitted tn
take his seat as a member of the General
Assembly ; which being read, and some dis
cession being had thereon, was, on motion
of Mr Glascock, laid upon the table.
M \ Glascock offered a resolution as a
substitute for Mr. Toombs’, that the whole
matter of controversy between Messrs. Pick
est anp Pierce, he referred to a select com
mittee, which was agreed to. Messrs. Glas
cock, 1 oombs, McDougald, Seward, and
farcer, were appointed that committee.
Friday. November 8.
Air. Toombs offered the following resolu
Resolved, That the select committee, to
whom was referred the whole matter in con
troversy between Messrs. Pickett and Pearce
now claiming their seats as Representatives
biom Sumter county, be and they are here
by authorized <o send for persons and pa
lters, and examine such persons as maybe
brought before them under oath.
(This resolution was strenuously OP
POSED by Gen. Glascock and others—and
supported by Messrs. Toombs, Jenkins,
Chappell, Stevens and Kenan. After this
diecussion had proceeded for sometime,
Mr. Seward offered the following.)
Alr.Bew.nd offered tils so Rowing as a sub
stitute for the same
Rcsohcd, That there is no mode under
the existing laws of this State, of determin
ing the nutter in controversy between Messrs
Pearce & Pickett, as contending fora seat
in the House of Representatives, of Sumter
county, and that the seat of such Represen
tative, be declared vacated, and the matter
referred to the voters of Sumter county.
After further discussior, the resolution
and substitute were, on motion of Gen.
Glascock, laid upon the tab e forthe present.
(All the Union party voted to lay the re
solution on the table, except Messrs. Kenan,
Cone, Ghent and Hardage.)
ELECTIONS BY THE LEGISLA
On Monday last the Legislature went info
the election of two Solicitor Generals, one
for this Circuit, to supply the vacancy of
li. L. Benning resigned, and the other for
Coweta Circuit, and a Brigadier General,
occasioned, by the removal from the State
of Geo. Z, White When John 11. Wat
son, Esq. was elected Solictor for this Cir"
cuit, and J. B. Knight, Solicitor of tlie
Coweta Circuit-—Col. Thomas J. Holmes,
of Baker was elected Brigadier General,
on the 2d ballo tting. All, as a matter of
course, first rate Van Buren gentlemen.
Under this head we suppose may be
placed the vast increase of Executive pat
ronage and the multiplication of public
officers appointe i by and amenable to the
President, that have tnken place since the
Ydiniuistration of John Quincy Adams.
L'lie annual expellees of the Government
under Adams, amounted to something like
thirteen millions of dollars, which was con
sidered extravagant and called loudly for"re
fortn ;” and Geu. Jackson was placed id of
fice purposely to carry out that salutary
measure. Twelve years have nearly elap
sed, during which, ample, time has been
.dforded for accomplishing the much de
sired object. And what is the result ? The
expcnces of the government are now Forty
Millions instead of thirteen, and the Pres
idents power vastly encreased Ujthe undis
turbed control of the public Treasury. The
number of the officers of government has
been treb'ed, and the conduct of those dis
posed to act dishonestly, pa-ses wholly
without supervision, whilst the honest and
upright are constantly removed for refusing
to acquiesce in the du'.iooastyof their fel
lows. Oh democracy! What rile usage#
will not be sanctioned under thy revered
OPIUM AN L>* TEA.
The determ.n ition on the part of the Cl •
nese lioiti nment, to prohibit the introduction
of Opium into the Celestial Empire,is likely
to effect serious consequences to the com
mercial operations of both Europe and
America. It is the principal export of the
British East Indies, and having heretofore
found a ready and convenient market in
China, which is now entirely closed, the de
trend for it will measurably ceast, and thus
one of the chief ar-icles of Eastern com
merce, must either find a consumption in
Some other quarter of the globe, or, losing
its importance as a commodity of trade
must cease to be manufactured as a national
export, and the labor heretofore expended
in its production, be directed to some other
ariicle. The vast quantities of Opium
consumed in the Chinese dominions, gave
rise to an extensive trade iu that article, in
which all (’hryrstendnin participated, by
whom io turn a commerce was carried on
with China in exchange for Tea and Silk.
This trade being now brought to a close,
ami the govern merit of China having de
creed that nothing shall hereafter be re
ceived in payment for Tea, but gold and sil
ver, it follows as a matter of course, that a
stop must be put to the coos'iinp'ion oi
Tea, or the commercial and monetary af
fairs of the whole world will undergo a de
rangement. We have no statistics at hand
to ascertain the amount Os Tc.i annually
consumed,in the several civilized nations, but
we apprehend that under the existing »iut o
of things, it would be impossible for them
to advance in specie, oue tenth part of their
annual consumption. The circulating
medium of the whole world would, scarcelv
be sufficient to furnish to Tea Drinkers a
supply of their favourite beverage for five
years. It is therefore manifest that the
use of this exhilarating herb must be greatly
diminished, or three fourths of the metallic
currency of the world will find its way to
Chiba, or else, the aiticle most he paid for
io some other commodity more abunda't
than gold and silver coin. Jo fact the im
mense drain which had already been com
menced upon the Banks for specie to carry
on the trade, is assigned, and no doubt cor
rectly, as one of the principal causes of the
A Whopper. —The Aliddlebttry (Vt.)
Peoples Press, boasts about a squash raised
in that neighbourhood, weighing 524
po'inds, and measuring 51 inches in cir
eumferenee. The Buffalo Patriot brags
out of sight of this, aod speaks of oue
which may be seen at a grocery store io
that city, weighing one hundred and ten
pounds, and measuring six feet In circum
ference. The latter is of the common
English kind and raised at Sandusky, Ohio.
Wonder how much the proprietor would
ask for a seed ?
THE NEXT CONGRESS.
It will be seen from the following table
that the Whigs aud Conservatives by uni
ting their forces, will have a small majority
in the House of Representatives. The re
sult of the election in Mississippi has not
yet been ascertained, but it is highly pro
bao'e that two Van Buren members have
been returned. There are Seven contested
seats, five of which are from New Jersey,"
and two or three vacancies occasioned by
death and resignation. The general result
however, will scarcely be effected by these.
Whigs. Randall, Evans.
Van Buren. Clifford, Smith, Parris, An
derson, Lowell, Dance.
Van Buren. Shaw, Eastman, Atherton,
Whigs. Hall, S(ade, Everett.
V. B. Smith, Fletcher.
Whips. •Fletcher, Saltonstall, Cushing,
Lincoln, fAlvord, Calhoun, Briggs,
Hastings, Reed, Adams.
V. B. Parmentei, Williams.
•This gentlemen has resigned but
his place will be filled with a Wuig.
fDcad. RHODE ISLAND.
W‘igs. Trumbull, Storr*. Williams, Os
borne, Smith, Brockway.
Whips and Conservatives. Hoffman, Cur
tis. Grinell, Monroe, Johnson, Palen, Hunt,
Barnard, Brown. Russell, Waggoner. Crit
tenden, Clark, Morgan, Granger Kemp,
shall, Gates, Peck, Marvin, Fillmore,
V- B. Jackson, Mootangue, Kemblo Jones
F.ly, Vanderpool, Hand, Fine, Doig, Floyd,
Brewster. Prentiss, Alien. Leonard, Earl,
Dana, Rodgers, Strong, Mal'ory.
Whigs. Ayerigg, Maxwell, Halsted, Ran
dolph, Stratton, Yorke.
Whips. Sergeant. Toland, Davis, James,
Edwards, Simontun, Cooper, Ogle,
Biddle, Henry, Naylor.
V. B. Paynter. Furnace, Davis, Wagen
er, Newliard, Keine, Cerry, Ramsey,
Potter. Petriken, Hammond, Morris,
M archiand, Hook, Lcet, Beatty Gil
V. B‘ Robinson.
Whips an l Conservatives. Wise, Bolts,
limiter, TaliaferiOi Mercer, Hill, Gar
land, Goggiu, Hopkins.
V. B. Ilollcman, Rives, Banks, Drom
goole, Jones, Coles, Lucas, Samuels,
Craig. Beirue, Johnson, Steiurod.
Whies. Dennis, Johnson, Jenifer.
V. B P F. Thomas, Worthington,
Carroll, Hillen, F. Thomas.
Whigs. Rayner, Stanley, Deberry, Gra
V. B. Bynum, Shepard, McKay, Haw
kina, Montgomery, Hill. Fisher, Con
Whig. Waddy Thompson.
V . B. Holmes, Pickens, Campbell. Ro
gers, Rhett, Elmore, Richardson, Giif
State Rrghts. Alford, Black, Colquitt,
Cooper, Dawson, Habersham, King
Whigs. Crsbb. Dillet.
V. B Chapmau. Hubbard, Lewis,
W. White, Chinn, Garland.*
•Mr. Gatlnnd has resigned, and it is
doubtful which will succeed in filling the
V: B. Isaac E. Crary.
IVhrgs. Proffit, Rariden. Howard.
V. B. Davis, Carr, Smith, Wick.
Wihiss. John T. Stuart.
V. B. Reynolds, Casey;
V. B. Miller, Harrison.—(Dead)
V. B. Edward Cro s.
Whims. Carter, J. L. Williams, Campbell,
Bell, Gentry, Crockatt, C. 11. Williams
V. B. McClellan, Blackwell, Tu r uey,
Brown, Johnson, VVatefson.
Whips. Triplett, Underwood, Williams.
Anderson, Green, Pope, Graves,
White. Hawes Andrews, Davis.
F. B Boyd, Butler.
Van Buren 112
Mr Fritz, who took such an active part
in the mob at Harrisburg. and was rewarded
ibr his zea!, being appointed Collector of
the tolls at Philadelphia, has Swartvouttd
with 5 0,01)0 dollars of the money of the
The Collector at Columbia is also a de
faulter io the amount of Sixteen or Eigh
teen Thousand Dollars.
Go IT YF. CRIPPLES. ! ! !
!*>R THE MIRROR.
The Album. IVo. 3i
"What has become of our American Po
ets,” is a question that lias been H thousand
times Hsked, and yet the liOllnw voice of e
cho has aloub been heard to answer. Whjr
have the harps, whose noble and eloquent
tones, seemed, but a few years ago lo give
evidence that anew and brilliant era was
dawning in the history of American Litera
ture, become so suddenly silent? Have the
muses withdrawn theii patronage, in indig
nation at the negligence and lukewarmness
displayed by their votaries or have the wor
shippers themselves, grown tired of bending
at the altar, whence alone, poetic inspiration
can be drawn ? Jt is a fact, that many of our
best poets have withdrawn themselves from
those flowery fields where they were begin
ning to pluck urifaJii.g garlands to be woven
around their brows, aid are now treading in
the rugged steps of mammon, ambition and
politics. Ilalleck. the inimitable author of
Fanny, Bozzaris and Alnwick Castle, has
broken the strings ofhis lyre, and falling into
the utilitarian spirt of ihe age* has ensconced
himself behind a banker's desk, where he
may be found plying his daily nvocatidn of
hook keeper, at so riiucli prf annum. He
lias sung too sweetly ever to suffer his noies
to expire, though doubtless, he thinks notes
payable in specie, are far preferable to those
littered by Apollo. Can I e be forgiven for
his silenco so long as he is able to breathe
such harmony as is contained iu the follow
ing lines ;
When the tree of love is budding first.
Ere yet its leaves are green,
Ere yet by shower and sunbeam nurs'd
Its infant life hath been;
The wild bee's slightest touch might wring
The buds from off the tree,
As the gentle dip of tlie swallow's wing
Breaks the bubble On the sea;
But when its open leaves have found
A home in the free air,
Pluck them, rind there remains a wound
That ever rankles there.
The blight of hope and happiness
Is felt when fond ones part ;
And the hitter tear that follows, is
The life blood of the heart.
Then crush, even in the hour of birth,
The infant buds of love,
And tread its growing fire to earth
Ere’tis dark in clouds above.
Cherish no more a cypress tree
To shade thy future years,
Nor nurse a heart-flame that may Be
Quenched only withtliy tears.
Bry ant has become a political gladiator, a
demagogue, and the patronized editor of a
Government newspaper. What a pcrveision
of talent aud of genius! The author of
ThanatopMs and (lie Aces, ought not to be
looked for among the hungry scribblers who
are employed in pandering to the denraved
appetites of office holders, and those who
batten on the public purse. To the name
of Bryant, h'dongs the first place on the roll
of American poets, and the brightness of
ioai nign Honor siiouiu u.,i ue uirmned by a
connection with the wiles and artifices of
political competition. Thetwo departments
of polities and poetry should never be blen
ded in one vocation. In his own natural el
ement, Bryant is indeed a poet worthy of the
calling; he has “worshipped at the t' mple's
inner sh'ioe ;” he has oflered up his sacrifi
ces in the "holy of holies,”
Perhaps the most bet utiful of all his po
ems. is the “Hymn of the city,” which crit
ics have ranked with Coleridge's celebrated
Hymn.iu the Vale of Chainouni, and|some of
Woodsworth's most excellent sonnets. Yes
what can be more beautiful than the follow
Oh, fairest of thfe rural maids,
Thy birth was In the forest shades;
Green boughs and glimpses eff thft sky
Were all that met thy infant eye.
Thy sports, thy wanderings when a child
Were ever in the sy l*ar: Wild,
And all the beauty of the placs
Is in thy heart and on thy face.
The twilight of the trees and rocks
Is iu the light shade of thy locks;
Thy step is on the wind that weaves
Its playful way among the leaves.
Thy eyes are springs, in whose serene
And silent waters, heaven is seen;
Tiieir lashes are the herbs that look
Oo their young figures jo the bruofc,
The forest depths, by foot unpreaaed.
Are not more sinless than tby breast;
The holy peace that fill the air
Os those calm solitudes, is there.
Perrival, another one W our sweetest
warblers, is coo tent with so occasional lay,
which breaks forth from his neglected harp;
as if almost untouched. He has become a
student of the exact sciences, weighing and
pondering facts and causes, with their re
sults. His power in the realm of song will
toon be gone, passed away, in exchange for
en acquaintance with geological bomtnna
•ions and historical details. He ia a true poet,
and it is a pity that he citnnot be induced to
teinainiu bis legitimate sphere; honor and
fame had already begun to weave their gar
lands round his brow. What American bo
som has not been thrilled by his splendid S
postrophe to the eagle, commencing,
‘Bird of the broad and sweeping wing.*
There is a smoothness and sv/eetness in the
even flow rtf his verse, which is like the me
lody of a well tuned instrument. The ver
sification of the following is ekquisite:
THE LILY OF THE VALLEY.
I had found out a sweet green spor.
Where a lily was blooming fair;
The din of the city disturbed it not.
But the spirit that shades thp quiet cot.
With its wiogs of love was there.
I found that lily's bloom.
When the day was dark and chill;
It smiled like asitrio a misty gloom;
And it sent abroad a soft perfume.
Which is floating arouud me still.
T sat by the lily’s bell.
And watched it many a day;
The leaves, that rose in a glowing swell
Grew taint and dim, then dropped and fell;
And the flower had flown away.
I looked where the leaves were laid
Iu «iik«ti.| fslcaess. br
And, as gloomy thoughts stole on me, said;
Tticre Is many a sweet and blooming maid
Who will soon as dimly die;
At Merry Oaks, by the Rev. Frederick
Davis Wimberly, on Wednesdoy. the 6tk
inst. James M. AIiTCHr.Lt. Esq. of Lump
kin, to Miss Martha A. eldest daughter of
Drury M. Lesfcuer. all of Stewart county.
How pleasant the hours of those who are
By the bonds of affection and conjugal love.
Their moments pass swiftly and »wei tly away
While in pleasure they sail o’er the unruf
vgft >M the Stable of John
XT Merchant, in this place,
'frit ou the night of the lOih inst.
chestnut SORREL HORSE
flax mane and fail, three white lees, shod all
round, blaze face, 6or 7 years old. Any in •
f rmation respecting said hoase will be
thankliilly received ; or any person delivering
him to Julius Echols, iti Lump,kin, or the
suhsciiber in Florence, shall be liberally re
warded. WAI. L. SOUTHALL.
Nov. 15 32 *f
A DMINIjSTRA TOR S’ SALE
WILL be sold on Friday, the 20ih of
DECEMBER next, between the u*
sual hours of sale, at the late residence of
•Silas Mercer, the perishable property of Si
las Mercer, late of Lee county, deceased,
consisting of horses, lings, cattle, two horse
wagon and harness, household and kitchen
furniture. Also, ai the Same time aud place
will be hired, t»o likely negfoes, and the
plantation rented. Terms made known on
the .lav. ANN MERCER. Adnr’rx.
Nov. I 32
U RET. AB L Y to an order of the lose-
A rior Court of Lee county, when sitting
as a court of ordinary, w ill be sold on the
first Tuesday in JANUARY next, before
the Court House door in Starksville:
All '.life Negroes and other perishable pro
perty, belonging to the estate of Robert D;
Respess, late of said county, deceased.—
Sold for the benefit of the hfcirs aud credit
ors, of said deceased.
DUDLEY SNEED, Adm’r.
Nov. 6. 32 de boms non.
WILL be sold, at the late residence of
Galbs Mathews, dec’d. in Stewart
county, on Friday, the 27th DECEMBER
next, all the Perishable Property of said
deceased; consisting ol five head of Horses,
two Mules, two yoke of Oxen, one Cart,
stock of cattle, cousistiog of about seventy
head ; hogs, goats, one double Barbuch and
Harness, a quantity of Corn, Fodder, Pota
toes, Colton iu the seed, one Cotton Gin,
Farming tools, household and kitchen Fur
niture, besides many other articles. Sale
to continue from day lo day until ail are sold.
Terms of sale made knowu on the day.—;
Also. Land to rent aod Negroes to hire.
JOHN M. W. PEEL, > . ,
ANDERSON C. MATHEWS l Adm **•
JANE MATHEWS, Adm’r*.
Nov. 15, 1839. td
ALL persons indebted to the estate of
Galba Ma.hews, late of Stewart coun
ty, deceased, are hereby notified that pay*
ment will b i required as speedily as possible;
and those holding demands against said es
tate are required to hand them ia according
JOHN M. W. PEEL, ) . . .
ANDERSON C. MATHEWS. ( Adtn re "
JAN E MATHE Wt\ Adm'rx.
GEORGIA —Lee County.
W HEREAS, John Melunis applies to
me lor letters of Administration on
the estate of Archibald MclutiM, deceased,
This is therefore td cite and admonish all
ami singular, the kiudred aud creditors of
said deceased, lo be and appear at my office.
Within the time prescribed by law, to shew
cause, if any they have, why said letters
should not be granted.
Given under n»y baud, at office, this Bth
32 SAM’L C.WYCHE.c. c.o.
GEORGIA —Lee County.
W HEREAS Robert G. Ford applies f6
me for letters of Administration on
Ihe estate of Joseph Merchant, deceased.
This i% therefore. Id cite find admonish,
all and singular the kindred find creditors of
said deceased, to be add appear at my office.
Within the time prescribed by law, (w su£«
cause, if any they have. Why said letters
should not be granted.
•Given Under my hand at office, this 6tl»
32 SAM’LC. WYCHB,». «. d, O
C'OUR months after date, application
XT will be toads to ibe honorable tbs in
ferior coart of Lee coteity, when sitting «r
a court of ordinary, for lsav« to sell tbs reak
estate df 3iLs| (fit# «f ssfiif
deq<vtieJ« * *** " - wv.nu.jf,
• -4* ** .ANN M SRC Si!. Adto’f ».
Hm. 1, 1533, „