WM. C. RICHARDS, Editor.
D. H. JACQUES, Associate Editor.
SATURDAY MORNING, AUG. 31. 1850.
Our Western El Dorado still claims a large
■•liare of the world’s attention. The newspa
pers of two continents teem with glowing ac
counts of the golden harvests being gathered
from its auriferous soil. Books without num
ber arc writfcn and published, the burden of
whose pages is California and Gold, and they
ar , all eagerly sought and read. Influenced
bv the wonderful revelations and developments
made in these publications, and by the still
more weighty evidence of actual and unmis
takable big lumps and heavy packages of the
yellow metal, brought back by those who have,
with their own hands, taken it from the gravel
and mud, on the banks of the Sacramento or
the Eio de lun Americanos, crowds of adven
ture, s, of ail lands and nations and languages,
have rushed and are rushing madly towards
the Land of Gold. No earthly power can
cheek the human tide which is now rolling
westward. It will move on till it tills to over
flowing all the vallies and mountain-gorges of
the new Paotolus. Taking a broad and com
prehensive view of the subject, in all its bear
ings, perhaps this irresistible golden attraction
is not to he regretted ; but how many of those
who compose this vast tide, now full of hope
and confidence, are impelled onward to invi
tijble destiuction ; and how many more will
return, cursing the glittering but delusive
phantom of their dreams, which allured them
away from home and friends only to mock
them with unattainable treasures.
\Ve have just been reading the news by the
late arrivals from Chagr.es. Circumstances
have given to the detail.- of life at the mines, ]
and in the growing cities and towns of our j
Patilic Commonwealth, with which some of j
our exchanges are tilled, an unusual and mel
ancholy interest to us.
California presents itself to us under various
aspects. At the first glimpse we see it only as a
LAND OF GOLD
another garden of the Hesperides. In the
Tribune, Herald and Sun, the news by the
steam-ship Philadelphia is headed with
♦1,000,000 IN GOLD DUST,
in large capitals and figures, and the letters
which the.-e papers publish, trom their corres
pondents, and the extracts they make froth
California papers, abound in accounts of new
discoveries and hitherto unheard of successes
in the gold regions. Witness the following
Gold Rr.v, —A friend from Nevada informs
as that the streams that run through that place
called Gold Run, of which sucli sutprising ac
counts have been given, have been all dug over,
up to the hills in which they commence. On
coming to the hills, however, the leads contin
ued extremely rich, and the miners are still
working into the banks. Whenever the gold
is reached, it is found in large quantities. One
party of four or five men, took out nine pounds
in one day.
Gold Lake. —At the head of Nelson’s Creek
lie tlie famous “ Gold Lake ” diggings, so
styled from a large body of water which is
found there at this time. These diggings are
at such an altitude above the level of the plains,
that the atmosphere is pure and invigorating.
Goltl is found in great abundance over a large
tract of quart'/, region. * * *
Captain S. dates his conviction that these
are richer diggings than any yet discovered in
the Northern Placer. Men were making from
one to five hundred dollars per day with ease.
Many thousands are congregating there. The
Captain says “ the mountains are full of’em.”
But here are items which throw all former
golden tales into the sh<p]e,and shame “Sinbad
the Sailor” and Baron Munchausen, and yet
they come in the most authentic form:
A Larue Lump. —Great pieces of gold are
now found frequently. Win. C. St&tterfield
picked up a lump of the pure stuff’ near Nevada
City, weighing 81|- ounces.
The Biggest Lump Yet. —Last evening we
examined the largest lump of gold we believe
ever dug in California ; it is a mixture of quartz
and gold, the whole weighing 30 pounds (360
ounces) troy. From the tests made.it is ascer
tained that the lump contains about 23 pounds
of pure gold.
Another view’ reveals the dark shades from
which these golden lights stand out in such
bold relief, and we see a
Though the morals of Sau Francisco are re
presented as improving, a terrible state of things
prevails in some parts of the country, especially
at the Southern Mines. The Stockton Journal
says that “ around Sonora scaicely a night
passes without a murder, and that when the
miner retires to his repose, he knows not but
to-morrow’s sun will find him the victim of the
assassiu’s knife. It is thought,” continues the
Journal, “ that within the last tw'o weeks
twenty men have been murdered in that neigh
bourhood.” The Journal, Times, and other
California papers, abound in paragraphs like
the following: ,
A Man Missing—A gentleman, whose name i
” e have been requested not to mention at pre- j
sent, started ftom Sonora on the 7th instant, to
come to Stockton. He has not arrived, and has
not been heard of since he left the mines, and
he is probably another victim of the murderous
gang which is prowling about Sonora.
Guerrillas. —lt is stated that there is a
guerrilla party in the mountains, headed by a
famous Mexican robber, nor are we inclined to
doubt the statement, as we have ourselves been
witness of the disturbed state of feeling among
the foreign population. It lias become unsafe
to travel, and every man goes armed with a re
volver and a knife.
Another Murder. —On Saturday night,
another murder was committed near Sonora.
1* appears that a party of three Americans was
stopped by three Chilenos. One of the Amert
cans was shot and a second badly wounded.
1 he third effected his escape.
Murders. —Two men were found naked,
with their throats cut, at the Chinese diggings,
on Sunday last.
X / On Wednesday two men were found dead,
their pockets having been rifled, near Souora.
XJTTwo Mexicans were shot on Tuesday at
” ith what intense interest are the records
ul deaths, published in the California papers,
scanned by those who have friends among the
mines ; and to many the Land of Gold seems
LAND OF GRAVES,
“Lne lie buried husbands, fathers, brothers and
friends, and with them all their hopes and plans
Among the deaths announced by a late ar-
I n 'al, was that of one who was to us all that
| 111 and purest friendship and the most
harmony of sympathies and feelings
‘d'l make him—more -than a brother—one
“ Dear as the mother to the son.”
So| Jght the glittering dust of El Dorado
“in no selfish and sordid motives. He sought
e mef tns to bless those lie loved. But neither
I is high aspirations and noble purposes of life,
| r die prayers of those to whom he was
I ‘'‘ arp i’ than all else, could save him, and the
jl tenement which enshrined one of the pur
-1 spirits that ever blessed the earth with its
I Le.-mce, ii es beneath the clods of the valley,
ot ‘ ‘he banks of the Bio de los Americunos.
I ut we would not intrude our private grief
I “Pon the public ear. Our thoughts will linger
arouud the grave of our friend, but our pen need
not and shall not here record them.
After all that has been or can be said, Cali
fornia doubtless offers great inducements to
those who are out ot employment and have
health, strength and energy sufficient to enable
them to endure toil and privation and to meet
and overcome the difficulties which will most
certainly surround them. But let those who
are comfortably situated at home, and are
earning a good living, think twice before they
give up the certainty of their present condition
for the uncertainty of gold-seeking in Cali
In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries,
the process of anagramatizing names and sen
tences was one of the most popular amuse
ments in fashionable and literary society.—
Some of these efforts, which have been handed
down to us, ace very clever, and deserve to
rank as high at least, as trials of wit, as the
conundrums of our day. Charles IX of France
had a mistress who e name was Marie Touchet,
the letters of which were transposed and trans
formed into Je charme tout, (I charm all,) to
the infinite delight of the court and the nation.
The name of the assassin of Henry 111 was
Frere'Jucques Clement, which was transformed
into the appalling sentence, C’ est Tenser qui
tria cree, (It is hell which created me.) One
Randle Holmes, who wrote a book on heraldry,
was anagramatized thus: Lo men’s herald.
O’lsraeli cites the anagram made on the name
of Lady Eleanor Davies, as one of the happiest
ever produced. The Lady Eleanor was the
wife of Sir John Davies, the poet, and “ was,”
says the author of the ‘ Curiosities of Litera
ture,’ “ a very extraordinary character; she
was the Cassandra of her age ; and several of
her productions warranted her to conceive she
was a prophetess. As her prophecies in the
troubled times of Charles I were usually against
the government, she was at length brought by
them into the Couit of High Commission.—
The prophetess was not a little mad,and fan
! cied the spirit of Daniel was in her, from an
anagram she had formed ot her name, Eleanor
| Duties —to Reveal O Daniel. The anagram
had too much by an l, and too little by an s;
yet Daniel and Reveal were in it, and that was
sufficient to satisfy her inspirations. The court
attempted to dispossess the spirit from the lady,
while the bishops were in vain reasoning the
point with her out of the Scriptures, to no pur
pose, she poising text against text. One of the
Deans of the Arches, says Hylin, took up a pen
and at last hit upon tins excellent anagram:
Dame Eleanor Davies—Never so mad a la
die The happy fancy put the solemn court
into laughter, and Cassandra into the utmost
dejection of spirit. Foiled by her own weapons,
her spirit suddenly forsook her; and either she
never afterwards ventured on prophesying, or
the anagram perpetually reminded her hearers
of her state. No more was heard of the pro
<l>nr (oasfii|i Column.
Winthrop Mackworth Praed.
The only collection we have ever met with
of this author’s admirable verse—that published
some years ago in New York—excited our de
sire to see more oi his productions, a wish so
rarely gratified, that we hailed with great plea
sure several waifs of his recently collected in a
j volume entitled “ Memoirs of Eminent Etoni
ans,” Os these we copy a little poem for the
amusement of our .eaders. Its humour is
characteristic of Praed, who is not half so well
kuovn to the public as he should he.
On seeing the Speaker asleep in his Chair in one of the 1
Debates of the First Reformed Parliament.
Sleep, Mr. Speaker, ’t is surely fair
If you maj n’t in your bed, that you should in your chair. j
Louder and longer now they grow,
Tory and Radical, Aye and Noe;
Talking by night and talking by day,
Sleep, Mr. Speaker, sleep while you may!
Sleep, Mr, Speaker; slumber lies
Lignt and brief on a Speaker’s eyes.
Fieldeu or Finn in a minute or two
Some disorderly thing will do;
Riot will chase repose away —
Sleep, Mr. Speaker, sleep while you may!
Sleep, Mr. Speaker. Sweet to men
Is the sleep that cometh but now and then,
Sweet to the weary, sweet to the ill,
Sweetto the children that work in the mill.
You have more need of repose than they—
Sleep, Mr. Speaker, sleep while you may!
Sleep, Mr. Speaker, Harvey will soon
Move to abolish the sun and the moon;
Hume will no doubt be taking the sense
Os the House on a question of sixteen pence.
Statesmen will howl, and patriots bray—
Sleep, Mr. Speaker, sleep while you may!
Sleep, Mr. Speaker, and dream of the time
When loyalty was not quite a crime,
When Grant was a pupil in Canning’s school.
And Palmerston fancied Wood a fool.
Lord, how principles pass away—
Sleep, Mr. Speaker, sleep while you may.
Bail Road Vandalism-
The International of last week has an arti
cle to awaken our sympathies, touching the
effects of Rail Road Vandalism upon two great
American authors—Audubon and Washington
Irving. Os the former, it says that he bought
a pretty little estate on the banks of the Hud
son, whither he repaired to spend the evening of
; his arduous life, in the midst of the unsurpassed
i natural beauties of the spot he had chosen.
The rail-way surveyors and contractors invaded
his domain, built a rail-way across his garden
and his liver paths, destroyed his repose, “and,”
says the chronicle, the melancholy truth is
unknown —made of his mind a ruin.”
To add to the mournful feelings excited by
this incident, we learn that the quaint and ele
gant chronicler of the Hudson is now lying ill
at Wolfert's Boost, of a sickness engendered
by foul exhalations from unsightly fens which
the rail-way operations have left upon his river
grounds. His friends are quite alarmed for the
result, and not without reason. We trust, with
them, that his life may yet be spared.
The sacrifice of Audubon’s reason and Ir
ving’s health, if not his life, is a fearful cost for
the public advantages supposed to be achieved
“by laying a railway upon the banks of the beau
tiful Hudson, to say nothing of the utter de
struction of the picturesque features of the river
margin along its whole extent. Henceforward
it will be a pain to the sensitive mind to pass
over its iron track, conscious that the irreverent
speed of its flight is only mockery to Genius
prostrated and Beauty defaced, which hitherto
hallowed and made classic the region, now,
alas! profaned by the spirit of Mammon !
The World’s Fair-Exhibition Building.
We gather from the London papers some
items in relation to this remarkable structure,
which is to be. The total height, says The
Builder, will now be 100 feet, sufficient to in
close the highest of the trees on the ground,
and Messrs. Fox and Henderson have taken the
contract for its execution, to be completed in
the present year, for the sum of 85,500/ —the
materials remaining their property. The Art
Journal says, the conservatory is to cover
eighteen acres and be 110 feet in height, and
adds, there will be on the ground floor alone
eight miles of tables; 1,200,000 square feet of
glass (manufactured by Chance of Birming
ham) ; twenty-four miles of one description of
gutter, and 218 miles of “ sash bar and in the
construelion 4000 tons of iron will be expended.
The wooded floor will be arranged with “ divi
sions,” so as to allow the dust to fall through.
Within a very short period 2000 men will be
employed in the building. *
SOUTHERN LITERARY GAZETTE.
Jack Downing a Geometer.
Seba Smith, the well-known author of Major
Jack Downing’s famous Letters, is about to as
tonish the world with anew system of Geome
try, in which he demolishes the old axioms, at
the base of geometrical science, touching lines
and surfaces. He is to demonstrate that every
line possesses breadth as well as length, and
every surface thickness as well as length and
breadth. We find this announcement, with
further details of much interest, in the Interna
tional of last week.
The Poet and the Police.
The poet Bekanoer recently appeared at one
of the public gardens of Paris, when his pre
sence excited so much popular enthusiasm that
■cries of -Vive Reranger! and Vive la Re
publique rose from a thousand lips. The ac
clamations continued with so much vehemence
that a police agent, apprehensive of a tumult,
requested the noble old bard to retire, which he
(Our 36nnk Ml*.
The Berber ; or the Mountaineer of the Atla*. A Tale
of Morocco. By Wm. tStarbuck Mayo, M. D., author
of “ Kaloolah,” &c. Sic. New Vork: G. P. Putnaiji. j
The reader who expects to find in “ The ;
Berber” a companion for “ Kaloolah,” will be j
disappointed. It is quite another thing. “Ka-|
loolah” is a strange, wild fiction, wearing the
garb of a real and authentic narrative, and al
most cheating even the intelligent reader into a
belief that it is such. “ The Berber ”is a regu
larly constructed novel, in which all the “ uni
ties” are respected and the most thorough or
thodoxy maintained throughout. It has its
full compliment oi dramatis personas, its plots ‘
and counter-plots—in short, all the machinery
of a romance of the old school. It lacks the I
bizarrerie of “ Kaloolah ” and falls somewhat \
below that work in freshness and in exuber
ance of imagination and fancy, but we recog- I
nize in it the same graphic power, the same ,
consummate skill in the construction of plots j
and the management of details, and the same
rapidiiy of movement, which keeps up the ex- j
citement and never permits the reader’s interest j
to flag for a single moment, from the. com- j
mencement to the close. Dr. Mayo has per- ‘
haps achieved even a greater triumph in “The j
Berber ” than in “ Kaloolah,” and the former
work will, we doubt not, find a still greater
number of admirers than ihe latter has done ;
but we must still adhere to our first love. We
still prefer “Kaloolah.” “The Berber” is
only a novel. “ Kaloolah,” if in one sense it
is something less than a novel, in another is
something more. But we do not care to pursue
the comparison. • We can eommend “ The
Berber ” as one of the cleverest books of the
season. We shall attempt no synopsis of the
story, but will give our readers, in another de
partment of our paper, some of its
graphic delineations. We close here with a
single extract. It is descriptive of a scene at a
meshourah or general audipnee of Muley Is
mael, the amiable (?) soltan (we follow Dr.
Mayo’s orthography) of Morocco :
Upon a sign from the soltan, two Jews ad
vanced, crouching and creeping along the
, ground in the most humble and deprecating at
titude. They were the wealthiest and most in
fluential of their tribe in Morocco, but for -a
long time they had been deadly enemies, and at
last one of them, named Ben Hattar, had car
: ried his animosity so far as to oiler to purchase
his enemy from the soltan for a large sum. It
was no uncommon thing in Morocco, in the
days of our story, for the soltan, instead of
’ “ squeezing ” a man suspected of wealth, hitn-
I sell, to sell him out to some enterprising specu
lator, who thus acquired the right of torment
ing his captive until he disclosed his hoards.
Ino •• bought man ” was beaten, burned with
irons, and hung by the feet, until he disgorged
I enough to pay the price that his buyer had
! given, and a fair profit on the investment. The
reader will be disposed to admit that if the
spirit of speculation has, in the present day,
attained a greater degree of refinement in its
modes of operation, it does not surpass the old
Maroquein methods in directness and boldness.
In the case of Ben Hattar, the soltan at
once accepted the offer, and the money was
paid. Bpt sending for Benshemole, he informed
him of the bargain that had been made,
i “ I will give twice the sunt for him,” cried
“ Send it to the treasurer, and appear at the
meshourah to-morrow,” replied to the soltan ;
and in obedience to this order the two rivals
and enemies were now before him.
The eyes of Muley Ismael twinkled with an
expression ot malicious fun, and for a few
minutes he looked at the crouching Jews with
Breaking silence, he, in a very good hu
moured tone, reproached them for their mutual
folly—thanked them ironically for letting him
know how much each thought the other worth
—told them that he should keep the sums they
had offered, but that he could not think of com
mitting the injustice of allowing Ben Hatter to
be rated at a less value than Benshemole, and
that the former must at once double the sum he
had already paid.
“ And now, most worthy children of the
Holy Prophet Abraham,” continued the soltan,
“ embrace each other and be friends!” .
.Struck with the exceeding tolly of their en
mity, the rivals obeyed the order and embraced,
! thus commencing a friendship which was soon
cemented by the marriage of Benshemole to
the daughter of Ben Hattar. The soltan threw
himself back in his gig, and fairly grinned with
delight, upon which a low murmur of applause
; ran round the court.
A burly, truculent-looking Moor, taking ad
vantage es the soltan’s good humour, stepped
out from the crowd, and placing his hand upon
his heart, advanced towards the gig. “ God
preserve our lord !” he exclaimed. “ Long life
to the just sidi! Health to the merciful sidi!
Happiness to the wise sidi! Who can speak
of the justice of our lord ? It fills the heart,
but it seals the bps. The justice of Allah is
the justice of sit* !”
A scowl settled upon the face of the soltan;
and leaning forward, he addressed the pre
sumptuous sycophant in a subdued tone, that
to the old courtiers foreboded a spring of the
“ And how know you aught of the justice of
the soltan ?” he demanded.
“ Is it not famed,” replied the Moor, “ from
Tangier to Timbuctoo ? Is not the world filled
with it \ Is not crime extirpated from the
country! And is not robbery unknown? Could
not a woman ride from one end of the land to
the other, with a purse of gold in her lap, and
no one dare to molest her ? ’Twas but three
days since that I was coming from Tituan—a i
bag of walnuts lay by the road side, but no tra
veller dared disturb it.”
“ How did you know that it was a bag of
walnuts ?” interposed the soltan.
“ 1 dismounted from my horse and touched
it with my foot,” replied the Moor.
“ Which foot,” demanded the soltan, in a
tone that sent a shudder through the crowd,
and made even the rash and presumptuous flat
The Moor saw, when too late, that he had
ventured within the tiger’s clutch. His voice
faltered, and in silence he pointed to his left
“ Strike oft’ the foot that has dared to touch
a bag of walnuts left without an owner by a
road-side in my empire,” roared the soltan ; and
hardly had the command left his mouth, when
the Moor was seized by the executioners, his
leg thrown over a block of wood, and stricken
off with a single blow. A plaster of hot pitch
stopped the hemorrhage, and with a feeling of
resignation to the orderings of Providence,
common to the Moors, but which the most de
vout Christian seldom attains—the unlucky
courtier left the garden, to be in a few days
called again to court, received into favour, and
sent as bashaw, in all honour, to a distant
I,ivies or Eminent Literary and Scientific Men
or America. By Jamas Wynne, M. D. One vol. lli
mo. New York: D. Appleton & Cos.
Contributions of this sort to the rapidly aug
menting fund of American Literature, are at
once important and agreeable. Biography,
more than any other form of narrative, im
presses the mind of the reader and prompts the
young to a noble emulation of the virtues and
achievements of great men. We are therefore
disposed to greet cordially any earnest attempt
to portray the lives of the leading men of this
country, and the volume before us is the more
welcome that it is devoted to the heroes of
Literature and Science—as truly heroes as those
who distinguish themselves upon the battle
field, with this difference in favour of the
former, that the coronal of their glory has never
been steeped in the tears and blood of humanity.
The author of this volume is a physician of
high repute in Baltimore. He wields a ready
and a graceful pen, and exhibits much tact in
seizing upon the prominent points in the lives
of the illustrious men included itt this book.
They are only six in number, and it is a natural
inference that this volume is but one of a series.
We have no hesitation in saying that if the au
thor pursue his plan with the taste and care
which mark its beginning, he will render an
acceptable service to the public, and secure to
himself a well-earned meed of fame.
The memoirs embraced in this volume are
those of Franklin, Edwards, Fulton, Marshall,
Rittenhouse and Whitney. They are char
acterized by a judicious array of chief incidents
in the lives of these distinguished men, and by
a candid estimate of their relations to the great
progress of their country. The style of the
book is chaste and yet forcible, the author’s
purpose being evidently to present his subject,
rather than himself, to the reader. Avery
commendable diligence in the search after ma
terial for his work, is both manifested and re
warded by the variety of his interesting facts.
We cannot do less than thank hint for the grati
fication his labour has afforded us. His publish
ers, also, deserve our acknowledgments for the
handsome shape in which they have given his
book to the public. To their courtesy we are
especially indebted for a copy of the work in
Advance of its publication.
The Lorgnette ; or Studies of the Town. By an
Opera-Goer. Onevol. lSmo. New York: Stringer it
The very handsome volume before us em
braces twelve numbers of a shilling pamphlet, j
i which has appeared semi-monthly upon the I
| literary horizon of Gotham, and with each
I successive appearance excited more and more 1
| the public curiosity as to its authorship. The
very fact that this has been variously imputed j
; to first one and then another of the “ stars ”
! about town, until nearly eve.y well-known
| name in the literary circles of New York has
; been connected more or less confidently with
the Lorgnette, is prima facie evidence that its
: dainty pages have home no ordinary impress. |
i The truth is, that whoever the author may be, j
! the “ Studies of the Town ”. possess uncommon
merit and will take rank among the very cle- i
; verest sketches of the day. They abound in i
, felicitous criticism upon men and tilings, and |
; are enlivened by a keen but refined satire, yet
I utterly devoid of malice. Wit and wisdom
are happily blended in their dashing stakes,
and the ‘ effect’ is not at all doubtful. To the
public, the author still preserves an incognito
which it would be glad to put aside. We will
; not hazard a guess just now, though we have j
! our notion about it.
Mr. Darley’s felicitous pencil has been called I
; into requisition to illustrate this first series ol
I the Lorgnette, which, taken altogether, is a
most admirable and pleasant book. The con
tinued semi-monthly issues will very shortly
amount to a second volume, and it is unneces
sary to say that the success of the enterprize is
no longer at all problematical.
Popular Anatomy and Physiology, adapted to the
use i/r CfiuUema attu ottiiumi ivcttuein. Jy xvtrv. jl . o.
Lambert, M. D. New York: Leavitt & Cos. 1850.
Though more attention is now paid, both in
schools and by private students, than formerly,
to the studies of Anatomy and Physiology, they
are still too much neglected, and any person
who furnishes new inducements and new facili
ties for the pursuit of these branches of educa
tion, is a public benefactor. Such we consider
the author of the volume before us. From
such an examination as we have been able to
give it, we are inclined to consider it one of the
best works of the kind ever published. It is
thorough and complete, though concise, in
every department, and always clear and forcible
in its statements. Its illustrations, a very im
portant department in a work of this kind, are
numerous and well executed The object of
the work is thus succinctly and beautifully
stated in the Introduction:
“ The object of the following pages is to
prove that Beauty, Health, Strength, and
Length of Days, mental and physical, depend
upon observing certain laws—to unfold and il
lustrate these laws, and enforce the importance
of obeying them.” *
The Very Age. A Comedy in Five Acts. By Edward
S. Gould. New York : D. Appleton & Cos.
This is a decidedly clever hit at one of the
most disgusting follies of fashionable society in
this country , that of giving preference to foreign
adventurers over the honest and honourable
youth of the land. In this spirited drama, the
hero passes himself off for a Bavarian noble
man, and in this disguise wins the heart and
hand of a beautiful young lady, who was pre
viously betrothed to a worthy but untitled gen
tleman. In the development of the plot, the
heroine is fortunately saved from the sacrifice
which seemed to threaten her, in marrying a
false Count, who was in reality her own brother!
The author looks upon fashionable life with ?t
clear eye and does not spare its hollow-heart
edness and its miserable vanities. If there were
any ground to hope that its evils could be re
medied, this trenchhnt satire might be of ser
vice, but the votaries of fashion are Ephraim
like, “joined to their idols.”
Elementary Sketches or Moral Philosophy. By
the late Rev. Sydney Smith, M. A. New York
Harper Hi Brothers. 1850.
Let not the unattractive title of “ Moral
Philosophy” deter any.one from the perusal oi’
this volume, or awaken in the mind apprehen
sions of ennui and dullness. The name of
Sydney Smith is a sufficient guaranty for the
interest of the book. He had the power to
throw an irresistible charm around any subject
he choose to handle. The Lectures, (for they
were originally colloquial discourses,) compos
ing this volume, were delivered before a mis
cellaneous audience, and are of a truly popular
character. They cannot claim to present an
elaborate survey of the whole broad field of
moral aud menial philosophy,but as elementary
sketches, which is ail they claim to be, they are
unrivalled. They are throughout imbued with
the author’s brilliant genius and eniiveded by
his genial and inimitable humour. *
Bhakspeare’s Dramatic JVorks. Boston; Phillips,
Sampson & Cos. 1850.
VVe have received from the publishers, through
Mr. John Russell, King-street, Nos. 19 and 20
of Messrs. Phillips, Sampson &. Co’s splendid
edition of the immortal bard of Avon. The
illustrations alone are worth the price of the
work, which is only twenty-five cents per num
ber. These numbers contain the first and se
cond parts of King Henry IV. *
Mrs. Dalton’s Legatee. A Very Nice Woman. By
Mrs. Stone. New York: Stringeri: Townsend.
This story is naturally told and possesses a
very considerable degree of interest. It is lively
and exhibits a knowledge of human nature.
The legatee, Mrs. De Snobyn, alias Snobbins!
is quite a character in her way, as is also her
good brother-in-law, Mr. Abel Snobbins. The
story ends as it ought, with reparation to the
heroine, who was disinherited for marrying a
poor clergyman. She gets her own again, and
“ Mrs. De Snobyn ” is of course dispossessed,
but still continues to maintain the reputation oi
“ a very nice woman!”
Godetj 8 Lady’B Book for September has,
among its numerous illustrations, three original
designs. Its literary contents are in the usual
style and tone. We the following beau
SONNET-MORN AFTER BATTLE.
BY WM. ALEXANDER,
Morn glimmers o’er the purple-mantled hills,
Where late the din of battle has been hushed.
And bold dragoon’s wild war-horse madly rushed.
Man’s life-blood flowing in a thousand rills—
Commingled, heroes unawakened, sleep,
Wet with red rain, which dyes their clayey bed,
Whereonreststranquilly each w arrior’s head :
O’er whom fair Victory, too, will ever weep—
Bold hearts, ye braved the iron storm of death,
While slaughter feasted on the good and brave,
Making the reddest vintage of the grave!
Tlien where, for Freedom, ye poured out your breath,
Unfading laurels shall in triumph bloom,
To decorate the soldier’s long-time honoured tomb.
A peep into Blackwood’s Edinburgh
Magazine lor July discloses several articles ol
great interest, among which are “ The House
of Guise,” “ Chateaubriand’s Memoirs,” “ The
Pictures of the Season,” and “ The Industry of
the People.” We can say nothing commend
atory of the article on “The Jew Bill”—a most
bitter outpouring of bigotry and mtoleranee.
The number of Blackwood before us com
mences anew volume and a favourable oppor
tunity is now afforded for new subscribers to
order the work. It undoubtedly stands at the
head of the Magazines of the world. Published
by Leonard Scott A Cos., New York.
The American Whig Review for Au-
gust has a poitiait and a memoir of John C. |
Calhoun. The memoir is dedicated to the peo
ple of Charleston. The number also contains
a portrait of Hon. John Davis, of Massachu
setts. The literary tone of the Whig Review
is pure and elevated, and*its political articles
are written with force and ability.
We have received the first number ot |
Arthur’s Hume Gazette, published in Phiia- 1
delphia by T. 8. Arthur. It is a very hand
some sheet, about the size ot our Gazette, and
is well tilled with Stories, Sketches and enter
taining Miscellany. Mr. Arthur’s well-known
talent and tact cannot fail to make the Gazette
a successful paper-
We have received from Us publishers, \
Charles C. Little and Jaynes Brown, Boston,
the August number ot the Monthly Law Re
porter. The leading article is on the case of
James H. Sutliflfe, indicted in this city for
arson, and tried at the February term of the
Court of Appeals.
Littell’s Living Age comes to our table
regularly, and is always filled with the choicest
selections from the periodical literature ot the
day, European and American.
The London Quarterly Review and the
Edinburgh Review, L. Scott &l Co’s. Reprint,
are on our table, and will be noticed as soon
as we shall have had time to examine their
[U ruler this head we shall reply to many letters, contain
ing queries orsuggestiousupon suhjeetsof general interest,
instead of answering them, as heretofore, by post. This
will save us time, and “time is money.” We are very
glad to receive letters from our subscribers, and it only re
quires that the postage be paid to ensure prompt attention.
El/rox The term Uisasilt its mil topiivu lent
to that of Trap-rock. Basalt is a variety of
trap-rock. It i- a dark-green or black stone,
composed gs at.gite and felspar, very compact
in texture and of considerable hardness. It is
j often found in regular pillars of three or more
I sides, called basaltic columns. These occur
j in Giant’s Causeway and at Fingal’s Cave in
E. B. C. Your Story was very acceptable,
as was a little sketch received some time ago
for the Schoolfellow. We shall be glad to
hear from you frequently. *
Juvenis. No; a whale is no more a fish
than is a seal or a musk-rat. The w r hale, the
dolphin and some other animals resembling
fishes, belong to the order C'etecea. They are
vertebrated, maminiferous animals, have warm
j blood, and a double circulation, and are obliged
■ to come to the surface of the water to breathe.
A. M. There may be “the invisible spirit
of poetry ” hidden in your lines. In that case,
| of course we can not expect to discover it, and
we fear our readers would he in the same pre
! dicament. *
X. Y. Z. The best advice we can give you
is that of the Grecian sage, K aipov yvu >oi. *
Clovis. L armour soumet la terre, assu
jettit les cieux, says Corneille; it will be use
less for you to centend against it. *
P. The article you mention was never re
Eight large and splendid steam-ships
are now being constructed in New York.
A line of Steam Packets is to be es
tablished between this city and Baltimore.
The Yankee Blade, one of the sharpest
of whiilers, is about to sharpen and polish itself
Mr. Fremiy has been elected by the
Paris Academy successor of the late Gay
A most violent gale commenced blow
here on Saturday morning last and continued
champagne are consumed in St. Petersburg
The Yankee Blade says that our word
| “boozy” is probably derived from booza, a
I Turkish name for beer.
East Bay, in our city, is a hot place, if
the “ Mercury” is a test, for it is at 113, on
that street, the year round !
and a half cents, the other day, for squeezing a
lady’s hand. What next?
Mrs. Ann S. Stephens, one of the editors
of Feterson’B Magazine, was at Paris, at last
accounts, on her way to St. Petersburgh.
Horace Vernet is said to have received
from the Emperor of Russia SIOO,OOO for his
pictures of the Russian battles in Hungary.
There is a man living in Jeflerson co.,
Tenn., who voted for General Washington for
ihe Presidency. He is one hundred and twenty
two years of age.
The Mercury learns from private sources
that the Captains of the Susan Loud and the
Georgiana have been condemned to death by
the Cuban authorities.
Misses Frances and Meta V. Fuller,
protages of the Home Journal, have become,
in connection with Mr. Ingersol, editors of the
Hesperian, a Western magazine.
The officers of the United States Reve
nue Cutter Morris have found the statue of
Calhoun, and are preparing to hoist it from its
Lady Elgin and suite arrived at Albany
on Monday, and took rooms at the Congress
Hail. The Lord Bishop of Jamaica is at the
rumour is now confirmed by the party mainly
interested, that Lord Brougham will shortly
visit the United States.
The people of Portland, Oregon, have
sent its a present to the City of San Francisco
a Liberty Pole 120 feet long, 1 foot thick at the
base, and 3 inches at the top. Slim stick that.
A female secret society, of African ori
gin, has been discovered in New Orleans.
Women of every hue—black, yellow, brown
and white, may assist in its mysteries. Its
members have been held to answer before the
Among the passengers by the Philadel
phia, from Chagres, w r as General Herran, Ex-
President of New Grenada. He has in his
charge rive young men, sons of gentlemen re
siding in New Grenada, who came to this
country for the purpose of obtaining a collegiate
One of the Tribune editors thus hits the
bardlings who infest the base of Parnassus:—
“ We have a large overstock of verses insti
gated by the death of Gen. Taylor, which we
regard as not the least deplorable among the
consequences of that melancholy event. Should
we want any more we will call for them.”
The New York State Medical Society
have offered a prize of S2O for the best essay
“on the pernicious influences of nostrums and
secret remedies on the health and morals of the
community.” Said essay to consist of not less
than .16 pages, or more than 20, to be adapted
for popular rather than professional instruction.
The essays to be transmitted to the Secretary of
the Society before the first of January, 1851.
A curious vegetable phenomenon is ex
hibited on a grape vine trained upon an apple
tree in Pottsville, Pa. The vine has for year?
borne blossoms but no fruit. This year a fruit
appeared which partakes of the nature of both
the grape and the apple. It has the down, the
flush and the tufted crown of the apple, but in
ternally there is more of the pulpy texture ol
the grape, though the seeds and capsular tegu
ment are those of the apple.
31m s nf fljr Daq.
Another Mammoth Care. —The cave re
cently discovered near Madison, Wisconsin, is
supposed to extend under the greater part ol
Dove and lowa counties. An exploring party
lately passed live days in examining it. They
passed over and among large masses, which
proved to be lead ore of fine quality, spreading
over an extent of three miles. They found also
tine copper ore, and eleven pounds ol native
silver. Crystals, stalactites, incrustations, <fcc.,
were abundant, and water-falls and a lake,
which was explored in a canoe, and found to be
thirty-seven feet deep.
From Texas. —By the Southern mail we
learn that advices have been received from
Galveston to the lUth, among which we notice
some cases of cholera. At Brasos, Dr.
lost 13 slaves, and another man, named Jack
son, lost 8. The weather in Texas has been
very hot, the thermometer ranging at lOOn.
Several Indian outrages noticed or. the frontiers.
The Jews. —lsaac da Costa, a distinguished
and learned Jew, of Amsterdam, estimates the
whole number of Jews in the woild at from
five to seven millions. He allots only 50,000
to the United States, where they are treated
better than in any country in the world, except
perhaps Turkey, which is much more liberal to
them than any European government.
Hon. T. C. Hackett. —The Casville Stand
ard says: “We are glad to chronicle the rapid
illlliroVl)Anl in ilia hanltli tUio
He left Rowland’s Springs on TuesdayWo visit
his parents in Gwinnett county, where he will
for a week or two, and then return to
the Sp;ings. His friends think he will soon be
entirely well again.”
Baptists in Georgia. —We learn from the
Minutes of the Georgia. Baptist Convention,
held in Marietta, in May last, that there are ol
that denomination in the State, 1,132 churches,
69,869 members, and that the total amount con
tributed for Missions last year was slO,lßl 86.
France. —As a foretaste of what is coming
in France, the Journal des Etats says: “ This
country will never resign itself to changing its
chief every four years. The Constitution seems
as if made purposely to kill the Republic.”
New Post Offices. —Anew Post Office has
been established at Alston, Fairfield District,
and Nathan Feaster, postjnaster. An office
has also been established at White Oak, in the
same district, John Cockrell, post master.
O'The Emperor of Russia is superintending
the formation of the camp at Petershotf, where
the guards, amounting to 60,000 men of all
arms, are to be exercised for two months in
every military evolution.
O’The executors of the late Sir Robert
Peel’s will are Sir Janies Graham, Lord Har
dinge, and Mr. Goulburn. It is stated that the
present baronet entertains violent radical opin
O’Dr. Webster, the rumour goes, will pro
bably make another confession beiore the event
ful 30th. It will need another to reconcile the
contradictions of the previous declarations.
O’Den. Harrison’s widow is living at a
goodly advanced age, but in good health, at
North Bend, with several of her relatives around
Death of Mr. Cohen. —lt is with much re
gret that we record the death of our esteemed
fellow-citizen, Hyam Cohen, Esq., which took
place at Sullivan’s Island on the morning of
Saturday last. Mr. Cohen had served as a
Lieutenant in a Rifle corps during the last war
with Great Britain, and was subsequently As
sistant Paymaster of the Regiment to which he
was attached. For the last fifteen years he
was City Assessor, and so conducted himself in
the discharge of his duties as to win the conti
dtiiiee and regard of the entire community.
The disease which terminated his life was
dropsy in the chest. He was in the t>2d year
of his age, and has left an affectionate family
to deplore his removal.
“ Peace to his ashes.”
TO canvass, for the Gazette and Schoolfelloir, the States
otSouth and North Carolina, Georgia and Alabama.
Young men ol good character and address can make
from SSOO to SIOOO per annum at the business. Apply,
either personally or by letter, to
WALKER & RICHARDS.
tsr References as to character will be required.
HOGAN & THOMPSON,
BOOKSELLERS AND STATIONERS,
jYv. 30 North Fourth street, Philadelphia.
SCHOOL, MISCELLANEOUS, LAW hi MEDICAL
BLANK BOOKS, INKS, INK POWDERS,
SEALING WAX AND WAFERS.
DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF
WRITING AND PRINTING PAPER
C 9” Wholesale and Retail Booksellers throughout the
country, Merchant*, Public Officers and Libraries supplied
on tile most advantageous terms.
Orders by mail, when accompanied with proper refer
ences, promptly attended to.
James Hogan. Ambrose W. Thompson.
Aug 34 ts
E. D. WILLARD, Proprietor.
Pennsylvania Jl venue, corner of Mtk street,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
F. BLACK, Proprietor.
Pennsylvania Avenue, comer of 6th street,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
B VRM M’h CITY HOTEL,
MONUMENT SQUARE, BALTIMORE.
fEAIIIS extensive and well-known establishment is now
JL in complete order and possesses many advantages
from its central location. A large addition has been made
far the better accommodation of families, with 50 new
Chambers, a large Drawing Room for Ladies, and Dinmg
Room to correspond.
The whole house has undergone a thorough repair, and
furnishes accommodations for 300 guests,
August 10,18a0, 8m
Travelling Agents for the Gazette. —
Rev. William Richards, Mr. Robert E. Seyle,
Mr. Matthew J. Wroton. J. .1. Richards, S. P j
O’ Mr. A. H. Mazyck is our General Agent
lUTGeorge W. Bell is our Agent for Kershaw
and the neighbouring Districts.
||T Warren I). Chapman is our Agent tor
Spartanburg and surrounding DL-triets.
H 7 All Postmasters are authorized to act as
Agents for the Gazette, and the same commis
sion will be allowed to them as to other loea
THE TRAVELLER’S GLIDE.
ROUTES FROM CHARI, STON.
From Charleston to A'™- York. Leaving daily at 3 _>
o’clock p. M. By Steamer to Wilmington 180 miles.—By
Railroad to Weldon 162 miles. —To Petersburg 63. —To
Richmond 22.—T0 Acquia Creek 70. —By Steamer to
Washington 55.—8 y Railroad to Baltimore-40. —To Ptiii
adelphia92.—To New-York 87. Total distance77l miles.
Time 60 hours. Fare S2O.
The “Southerner” (Steamship) leaves Charleston every
tenth day alter the 27th of April, at 4 o’clock p. M. Thro’
in 60 hours. Fare (State-Room) $25.
From Charleston to Philadelphia. —The Osprey leaves
Charleston every other Saturday, at 4 o’clock, p. m. —
through in 60 hours. Fare S2O.
From Charleston to . Yeic-Orleans . Leaving daily at
10o’clock a. M. By S. C. Railroad to Augusta 136 miles
—By Georgia Railroad to Atlanta 171.—8 y Macon and
Western Railroad to Griffin 42. By Stage to Opelaka
35.—8 y Railroad to Montgomery 65. —By Steamer to
Mobile33l.—To New-Orleans 166. Total distance 1.0U6
miles. Time 123 hours. Fare $39.50.
_ From Charleston to J\Tew-Orleans, via. Savannah,daily
at 9a. M. By Steamer to Savannah 140 miles.—By Cen
tral Railroad to Macon 190. —By Macon and Western Rail
road to .Bartlesville 40.—8 y Stage to Opelaka 100.—By
Railroad to Montgomery 65. —By Steamer to Mobile 331. —
To New-Orleans 166. Total distance 1,032 miles. Time
77 hours. Fare $39.50.
Distances. Fare. Time.
To Athens, Ga., 251 m. $7,95 20 h.
** Chattanooga, Tenn., 445 13,12 31
“ Columbia, S. C., 130 4,00 8
“ Camden, S. C., 142 4,00 9
“ Hamburg, S. C., 136 4.00 8
“ Memphis,Tenn., 740 28,00
Pa°s'■tigers for either of the above places leave Charles,
ton, daily, by S. C. Railroad, at 10o’clock a. m.
SECOND ANNUAL FAIR OF TIIK SOUTH
OPK.V O.V THE 18tA NOVEMBER NEXT.
The second annual Fair of the South Carolina Institute,
for the promotion of Art, Mechanical Ingenuity, &c.,
will be held in Charleston, opening on the 18th November,
and to continue during the week.
Specimens of every branch of Industry are earnestly
solicited. Premiums will be awarded—for the best speci
mens, a Silver Medal; for the next best, a Diploma. For
Original Inventions, a suitable premium, at the discretion
of the judges.
A selection will be made of the best specimen of Me
chanism and the Arts —of Cotton, Rice, Sugar, Tobacco,
Corn, Wheat, Flour, Rosin and Turpentine—and sent to
the World’s Fair, to beheld in London in the Spring of
A large and commodious building has been selected for
the Exhibition, and every attention will be paid to the re
ception and care of articles sent to the Fair. All articles
must be directed to L. M. Hatch, Chairman of Commit
tee of Arrangements, and be delivered £y the 14th of
Communications addressed to Jamks 11. Taylor,
Chairman of Committee on Correspondence, will meet
with prompt attention.
The lion. JUS. H. LUMPKIN, of Georgia, will de
liver the Annual Address, on Tuesday night, the 18th
Arrangements have been made with the- South Carolina
Rail Road Company, to let all articles intended for the
Fair, return free ol charge.
WM. GREGG, President.
E. C. Jones, Secretary.
• 101 EAST BAY,
Dealer in Paper, Stationery and Account Books, Printing
and Book Binding. Also, Agent for John T. White,
rypeand Stereotype Founder; R. Hoe At Cos.. Printing
Press Maker; V. Mcßee Si Sons’ Paper Mills, and of va
rious Printing Inks.
AGENT FOR THE SALE OF
TYPE, PRESSES AND PRINTING MATERIALS
Ot all kinds, at New York prices, actual expenses from
New York to Charleston only added.
JOHN T. WHITE, TYPE-FOUNDER,
Whose Foundry has been in operation over forty years,
and for beauty and variety of Type, Borders, &c., is sur
passed by none. Constantly on hand, Brass Ri le,
Cases, Q,coins, Leads, Chases, Furniture, Reg.
let, Lye Brushes, Mallets, Shooting Sticks,
Proof Rrcshes, Bodkins, Plainers. Also, a large
BORDERS. JOB AND FANCY TYPE. Ac.
ALSO, AGENT FOR
R. HOE & CO.,
CELEBRATED PRINTING-PRESS MANUFACTURERS.
Every Press, &t\. made by them, will be furnished at
shortest notice and lowest price.
Constantly on hand, a large stock of the very best war
ranted Inks, Book and News Printing Inds, Fancy Col
oured Inks, at greatly reduced rates, say from 75 cents per
pound and upwards.
PA PER WAREHOUSE,
101 EAST BAY.
PRINTING, WRINTING, WRAPPING ANDEN
VELOPE PAPER OF EVERY VARIETY.
Printing Paper.—Constantly on hand, a large stock
ol Newspaper, of various sizes—2o x 30, 22 x 32 , 23 x 32.
x T? x 58*. 26 x 40- and also Medium am!
Double Medium Book Printing Paper, of different quality.
Agent lor V. Mcßee it Son, Greenville, S. C. . Paper
Mills. Newspaper of every kind made to order. Also in
receipt constantly, direct from the Northern Mills, Paper
ol all kinds.
Writing Paper. —English, French and American
Letter, Cap, Folio, Commercial and Packet Post, Demy,
Medium, Royal and Super Royal Papers, ruled and plain,
ol every variety, and at all prices—a large stock constantly
Wrapping, Envelope, Coloured Medium Paper,
of all kinds and descriptions always on hand and for sale
101 EAST BAY.
P IPER, STATIONER Y AND BLANK BOOKS,
Has constantly on hand, a large assortment of fine Eng
lish, French and American Stationery, of every descrip
tion, consisting in part of: Sealing Wax, Waters. Uuills,
Rulers, Steel Pens, Ink Stands, Slates. Wafer Stamps,
Pen Racks, Wax Tapers, Red Tape, Lead Pencils, India
Rubber, Desk Weights, Sic.
GOLD PENS, GOLD Si SILVER PENCIL CASES.
A large variety of Levi Brown and many other marks.
Black, Blue, Red, Copying and Marking Inks, of the
PEN AND DESK KNIVES.
A beautiful assortment of the finest Cutlery of every de
A variety of patterns and prices. Also, Copying Books,
Brushes, Oil Paper, etc.
BL \\ K BOOK MANUFACTORY At FANCY
101 EAST BAY
Banks, Public Offices, Merchants, and others, can have
their Books Ruled to any pattern, and Bound in the very
best manner, either in full Russia, extra Russia Bands,
Full Bonnd. or Half Binding, and made of the very bed
English blue laid, French and American papers, made
expressly to order, at the same price that the same quality
e* work is done in New Y ork.
Books, Pamphlets, Music, etc., bound in the neatest
and best style, either in Calf, Morocco, Russia, or plain
In the above establishment no pains or expense have been
spared to have all work executed in the best manner.
STEAM POWER-PRESS PRINTING.
W ALKEH Ai JAMES,
BOOK AND JOB PRINTERS,
NOS. 101 AND 103 EAST BAY,
Having added to their Office, Steam Power-Presses, and
large fonts of the latest kind of Book Tvpe, are prepared
to execute all kinds of
BOOK AND PAMPHLET PRINTING,
in the very best manner, and at greatly reduced prices.
Also, having added a great variety of Fancy Types,
Borders, etc., to their already extensive Office, they are
prepared to execute.
JOB PRINTING OF EVERY VARIETY,
BILLS-LA DING, BA IA. INKIT.ITIONS
BILL-HEAD S, BRIEFS.
RECEIPTS, HAND BILLS, ire.
which will lie done in the best manner and on most rea
Cards of all kinds by Steam, at greatly reduced rates.
BENJAMIN F. PORTER.
(LATE OF TUSCALOOSA, ALABAMA,)
Ha* opened an office in this city, and respectfully offers his
services to the public as an A TTORNE Y and COUN
SELLORAT IjA IV and SOLICITOR INCHAN
CLR ) . His extensive acquaintance witli the population
ot Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Georgia, and
with the local Jaws qI those States, will enable him not
only to impart important information to merchants, but to
lie will take claims on persons ip those States and for
ward them to responsible agents, rbr whose fidelity he will
Office on Broad-street, in the building occupied, by
Messrs, Yeadon Si Macbeth.
Charleston, May 4,1850.
our (Pnm Affairs.
THE SOUTHERN LITERARY GAZETTE
IS PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAV BV
WALKER & RICHARDS.
Orrtci oveiT aThTad’s Book-store.
Entrance on Broad-street.
TERMS.—Two Dollars per annum, to be paid strictly
in advance. If payment is not made within the first and,
months of a term of subscription, the puce e tr “
Dollars and F,fty Cents- and if delayed until the end of
the year. Three Dollars.
Advertisements will be published at t i< cus on ' ur >
rates. Business Cards, (of lour lines and under.) will
; be inserted one year for Five Dollars, including a sub
| scription to the paper.
SOUTHERN QUARTERLY RE ’ ,E ''‘ hv
This sterling Southern Periodical, recently P b *^
! Mr. James S. Bi roes, will henceforth be issued by the
Subscribers, who respectfully solicit the.ontmued favours
of the Southern people, and ot the citizens
in particular. The first number of the present year so ru
ing the beginning of anew series, is now rapidly Pa®>ng
through the press, and will he delivered to suhsonbet, by
the 15th of April. Hereafter, the work will be
regular periods, without delay or failure, and ,n a superior
style, with anew, clear and beautiful type and on the
best of paper. It will continue under the Editorial con
ducto. W. Gilmore Simms, Esq., to whose hands .t
has been confided during the past year. This gentleman,
we are pleased to inform our readers, has succeeded hap
pily in calling to his assistance such a number ot Contribu
tors as will effectually place the work beyond the dances
of a deficiency, or inferiority, ol Literary, . < iemiflc or
Political material. The writers for the RL\ ILW in
clude the greater number of the best and ablest names of
the country. They represent the highest Literary talent
of the South, and reflect truly, with a native earnest,.ess,
force and fidelity, the real policy and the peculiar institu
tions of our section. The Publishers, assured by the conn
tenance which they have received, from every quarter ol
the South, and especially sustained and patronized by the
ma-t influential names in Carolina, beg leave to so tci
the continued and increasing patronage of our citizens.
Subscriptions will be received at their Oflice, corner ol
East Bay and Broad streets, second story, or at 101 East
Bay. Contributors will be pleased to address the Editor,
to their care, in Charleston.
WALKER hi RICHARDS
Publishers and Proprietors Southern Quarterly Review.
NOTICE.—AU former Agencies for the SOUTHERN
QUARTERLY REVIEW are discontinued. Due no
tice will be given of the appointment of Agencies by the
I \RIVALLED >KTH OR SOli'll :
THE THIRD ANNEAL VOLUME
SOUTHERN LITERARY GAZETTE
Wan commenced on Saturday, the 4th ot May, 1850
undents original name —instead ot Kichards Weekly Ga
zette—us more significant of its peculiar character, it being
the otdy weekly organ of Literature in t-he entire South !
GREATLY ENLARGED AND IMPROVED,
Containing weekly Thirty-two Columns of matter. It
is, moreover, in an
ENTIRELY NEW DRESS
“ from head to foot,” and upon beautiful white paper, so
that, in mechanical excellence, it shall not be surpassed by
any paper whatever in the United States ! It will ccittin
ue under the same Editorial direction as heretofore, and.no
pains or expense will be spared to make it #
A CHOICE FAMILY NEWSPAPER,
“as cheap as the cheapest, and as good as the best!’*
Utterly discarding the notion that a Southern journal can
not compete with the Northern weeklies, in cheapness and
THE SOUTHERN LITERARY GAZETTE
Shall rival the best of them in all the characteristics of a
truly valuable fireside Journal. Its aim will be the diffu
sion of cultivated and refined taste throughout the com
munity—and it will embrace in its ample folds every spe
cies of intelligence that can tend to this result
from many of the ablest writers in the South, will chiefly
occupy its columns, but not to the exclus on of choice mis
cellanv. selected from the best American and European
The tone of the “Gatette” will be independent in criti
cism and in the discussion of every legitimate topic, but it
will be strictly
NEUTRAL IN POLITICS AND RELIGION !
Its columns will be occasionally embellished with
SOUTHERN PORTRAITS k LANDSCAPES,
engraved expressly for the work, and accompanied by
biographical and topographical sketches. A portrait of
the Hon. Judge Lumpkin, of Georgia, appeared in the
first number, and others will follow at monthly intervals
ITS GENERAL INFORMATION
will be copious, butcarelully condensed from the leading
Journals of all parts of the world.
Notwithstanding the great increase in thes;/.i. and at
tractions of the paper, it will still be published at
Two Dollaro Per Annum, in Advance !
It will be furnished to persons becoming responsible tor
the whole number of copies, aud having them sent to one
address, on the following terms:
Three conies. $5
Five copies, 8
Ten copies, IS
Fifteen copies, 20
T wenty copies, 25
Fifty copies, tk)
ty- All orders must be accompanied with the money
and addressed, post-paid, to
WALKER & RICHARDS.
Charleston, S. C.
N. B.—Editors who will copy, or notice fully, this Pros
pectus, shall receive the Gazette regularly, and also a
beautiful Juvenile Magazine, entitled “The Schooltel
Till: BUST AND CHEAPEST JUVENILE
MAGAZINE IN THE UNITED & FATES.
On the 15th of January, 1850, was published at
Charleston, S. C., the first number of the Second An.
nual Volume of
which has been pronounced by some of the ablest presses
and best judges, “ The best and cheapest Juvenile Mag
azine in the United States.” The success of this beauti
ful little work during its first year has been so flattering
that the Publishers have resolved to continue it and make
it permanent, and they therefore call upon parents, teach
ers, and all interested in the rising generation to aid them
in their efforts to make the Schoolfellow all that its most
flattering judges have pronounced it.
It will be published in the same form as, heretofore and
under the same editorial care; and will contain chiefly ori
ginal articles from the pens of Mrs. Caroline Gilman, Mrs.
Joseph C. Neal, Mrs, W. C. Richards, Mrs. C. W. Du-
Bose, Miss Tuthill, Caroline How ard, MissC. W. Bar
ber, Clara Moreton, Maria Roseau, the Editor, and many
other well known writers.
ITS PICTORIAL EMBELLISHMENTS
will be more numerous and beautiful than before; it wil
be printed upon finer paper, and no pains will be spared to
make it a most charming companion for all good girls and*
bops. It will be published on the fifteen! hos each month,
and will make a volume of about 400 pages and 100 en
Five copies will be sent to one address for $4 ; Eleven
copies for *8 ; Twenty-three copies for SJS. and Thirty
two copies for $20!!
THE FIRST VOLUME.
beautifully bound in gilt muslin, will be furnished in con
nection with the second Year for Two Dollars. To
clubs, it will be supplied at One Dollar for each copy.
All orders must be accompanied with the cash—
if by mail, post-paid.
tiff C lubs should be made up as early as practicable—
and those wishing volume first, should apply immediately
to WALKER k RICHARDS.
May 4, 1850. Charleston, 8. C.
*.* Editors copying this Prospectus, or making suitable
notice, shall receive a copy of the work without an ex
change. They will pleas send marked copies of their
papers containing to the ‘ Gazette.”
IN LITERATI'RE, ART and SCIENCE
Office of the Southern Literary Gazette.
Corner of Broad-st. and East-Bay. (up stairs,)
Charleston, S. S.
The Undersigned, Editor of the “Southern Lite
rary Gazette,” begs leave to inform the public that
he has opened a General Agency for the transaction of
any business connected with Literature. Science an-
Art. He will correspond with authors concerning the
publication of books and pamphlets upon their own ac.
count, or otherwise ; execute any commission for getnle
men forming libraries; forward subscriptions for anv peri
odical work, American or European ; receive and execuet
promptly commissions for any work of Art; supply accn
rate estimates of the cost of Philosophical Instruments,
orderthem at his own risk and guarantee their efficiency.
All communications must be addrewed, prepaid, to
WM. C_ RICHARDS.
tff No charge will he made for any service required
by his brethren of the press, who will oblige him by pub,
lishinp tiiis notice.
THg sul>scriber would inform Authors, Publisher* and
r SUfruk i k's. St AL. <,ont ' n ues to carry on the busi
ne<of KNGRA v ING ON WOOD, in all it* branches
Hih facilities are such that he is enabled to execute all order*
promptly, ami m every style of the Art, upon the most
reasonable terms: while the experience of many years
enables him to feel perfect confidence in his efforts to give
satisfaction to all who may favour him with their patron.
a^i J * , ORR, 151 Fulton-street, New York
THOM VS, COM PERTH\\ AIT dc CO
PUBLISHERS AND STATIONERS,
523 markbt-htrket, Philadelphia,
Publish Mitchell’s Geography and Atlas Prim-,., r
graphy. Intermediate Geography, AiiremtW
and Atlas, Universal Atlas, wiK nearly Light v i^. oe .‘ ? p ! v
(■(floored Malts : Pock-; M ipsof the United Utl 3
the different States of the Union; SwaL e c “, and °
Reader. Spelling Book .nl C ’sX ft’
Greene , English Grammar, and Green..’,, a i C - -°l •
English Language :F. A. AdamsTkri.hm"? °* ,h V
anil 2; Pennock’s Histories of Fangland & arls 1
and Greece; Picott’s series of Eleinentarv mo ‘
mg French; Frost’s United BtatJL jLc Books m k ' arn
And they offer for sale at the lowest .u ,
price** the largest ; n 1 prices, the larpesi
CLASSIC AL I UV VH'iue. L‘ < ? un 'rv of SCHOOL,
and MISCELLANEOUS HOOKS*
Uy-Ordew solicited. “ timo j n ly 13
>’EW YORK, May I, lf*P,
FRMIE snbseriber icspeetfully informs his friends and the
Public that he has leased the above House for a
term Os years. Ihe House has been in complete repair
during the past winter and mostly furnished anew. The
proprietor respectfully solicits a continutmceof the patron
ape heretofore so liberal!v received.
JOHN P. TREADWELL,