Ga., April 20.. 1886.
T. L. McCOMB k C0 T S. r
Embracing all that is New, Desirable
It will pay you to call! Don’t sleep
You may lose something if you
thin a is fresh and new!
’We are again to the front with
that we have ever shown i
•‘The Flowers that bloom in the Spring,
and Grand! 1
Come early while every-
Published "Weekly In Milledgeville, Ga.,
BY BARNES & MOORE.
Terms.—One dollar and fifty cents a year In
advance. Six months for seventy-five cents.—
Two dollars a year If not paid in advance.
The services of Col. Jamks M. SMYTHK,are en
gaged as General Assistant.
Tne “FEDERAL UNION’’and the“SOUTHERN
RECORDER” were consolidated, August l6t, 1K72,
the Union being in its Forty-Third Volume and
"‘he Recorderin Its Fifty-Third Volume.
TUI Q DA PCD may be found on’flle at Geo.
I III O I M r L i \ P. Rowell & Co’s Newspa
per Advertising Bureau (10 Spruce St.), where
advertising contracts may be made for it IN
THE OLD CAPITAL.
one of the
i this citv.
handsomest stocks of
Have nothing to do with the case.' 1
Slut ff*e Saif 'This:
Let others quote their prices.—We tell you if they quote Calicoes
one cent per yard, we will sell you better Calico at same price.
if they quote you Shoes at 10c per pair, we will sell you better
Shoes for 10c per pair. And so it goes throughout our whole stock.
WE HAVE THE CAPITAL
To do business on, and CHALLENGE (mark the word) Competition.
We have determined to do the
Of the Dry (roods Business in this City,
BECtAKDLESS of consequences.
Our stock is strictly First-Class in all its various departments.
Dry Goods, Clothing- 9 Shoes,
Gents’ Furnishing Goods,
•Mattings, fyc., fye.
To all we extend a cordial welcome. Remember we Guarantee
Prices, and you shall have polite attention.
T. L. McCOMB
Jl r aync Street.
A Day in Miliedgeville
Xo. 8 and 10
Don't Forget the Number.
Miliedgeville, Ga., April 16th, 1886.
George Washington, our first Presi
dent. served from the 30tli of April,
1789, to the 4th of March, 1797 ; John
Adams, our second President, served
from the 4th of March, 1797, to the
4th of March, 1801; Thomas Jefferson,
our third President, served from the
4th of March, 1801, to the 4th of March,
‘ v 09: James Madison, our fourth Pres
cient, served from the 4th of March,
‘809. to the 4tli of March, 1817 ; J ames
Monroe, our fifth President from the
4th of March, 1817, to the 4th of
March, 1825; John Quincy Adams,
our sixth President, served from tlie
4th of March, 1825 to the4thof March,
1829: Andrew Jackson, our seventh
President, served from the 4th of
March, 1829, to the 4th of March, 1837;
Martin Van Buren, our eighth Presi
dent, served from the 4th of March,
1837, to the 4th of March, 1841; Wil
iam Henry Harrison, our ninth Pres
ident, was inaugurated on the 4th of
March 1841, and died in thirty days.
John Tyler, the Vice President, filled
out his term; James K. Polk, our
eleventh President, including Tyler,
served from the 4th of March, 1845, to
March 4th, 1849; Zachary Taylor, our
twelfth President, served from the
4th of March, 1849, to the 10th of July,
1S50. when he died. Millard Fillmore,
the Vice President, filled out his term;
Franklin Pierce, our fourteenth Pres
ident, including Fillmore, served from
the 4th of March, 1853, to the 4th of
March, 1857; James Buchanan, our
fifteenth President, served from the
4th of March, 1857, to the 4th of
March, 1801; Abraham Lincoln, our
sixteenth President, served from the
4th °f March, 1861, to the night of the
>tli of April, 1865, when he was as-
by Wilkes Booth in Ford’s
lneater. Andrew Johnson, the Vice
-resident, filled out his term; Ulysses
errant, our eighteenth President, in-
ciudmg Johnson, served from the 4th
to the 4thof March,
■ ' ' ‘ B. Haves, our nine-
.eenth President, served from the 4tli
of March, 18,7, to the 4th of March,
k 4: . J a, ‘ ies Barfield, our twentieth
President, served from the 4th of
March 1881, to Lie 2d of July, \ m
•heh lie was shot by Quit earn linger
ed a few months and died. Chester
Arthur, the Vice President, filled
.An ounce-of discretion is better
than a pound of knowledge. Why
not spend twenty-five cents for a bot-
de of Red Star Cough Cure, and save
a large doctor's bill?
Personal and General.
The Griffin News is anxious for Con
gressman Hammond to enter the race
Rev. Dr. Young J. Allen is on his
way from China to pay a visit to his
son in Emory College.
Mrs. Senator A. H. Colquitt and
daughter, and Mrs. Colonel T. C.
Howard, left Atlanta for Washington
City on the 12tli.
It is stated that Rev. Sam Jones
has taken to chewing gum and that
he finds it helpful in enabling him to
get along without tobacco.
Artemus Ward commenced a lec
ture once thusly: Ladies and gentle
men, I possess a gigantic intellect,
but I haven’t it with me on this oc
The Irish patriots should not be
discouraged. Married men have strug
gled for home rule for twenty centu
ries, and have not yet succeeded in
Judge Arthur Hood, of Cuthbert,
is dead. Judge Hood was one of the
most prominent gentlemen of South
west Georgia, and no man stood high
er in public esteem.
Governor H. D. McDaniel passed
Macon yesterday on his way to Mill-
edgeville, where he will be the guest
of Dr. T. (). Powell, superintendent
of the Lunatic Asylum.—Telegraph,
Judge O. A. Loclirane and wife, and
Elgin Loclirane have joined the First
Baptist church in Atlanta. Mrs. Loch-
rane has been a member of the Meth
odist church for twenty years, but de
sired to be with her husband.
The committee of arrangements of
the Ladies’ Memorial association is
making preparations for the 2Gth.
Col. W. D. Ellis has been selected as
orator of the day, and Rev. C. W.
Beckwith as chaplain.—Atlanta Jour
It is doubtful,” said the Rev. W.
F. Cook, “if anv village in this coun
try 1ms produced so many distinguish
ed men as Colloden, in this state. Ex-
Governor Smith, ex-United States
Senator Norwood, Judge Trippe, Con
gressman Hammond, Dr. E. W. Speer,
and Judge Speer, are among the
most notable. To these may be add
ed a long list of men, and not less
useful, though hardly so illustrious.
“Isthere any special reason for this/
“Yes. From the day the village
was founded it has never had a bar
room. Liquor selling was prohibited
in its, charter, and it has produced
statesman rather than drunkards.
CITY, INFUSED WITH NEW
BLOOD AND THE ENERGY OF YOUTH,
SHAKES OFF THE LETHARGY OF
FORMER DAYS AND ENTERS UPON A
SEASON OF COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY
From the Augusta Chronicle.
Milledgeville, Ga., April 10.—
[Staff Correspondence.]—I am agree
ably surprised with Milledgeville. I
had an idea it was one of the dead
towns of Georgia and had been omit
ted from Col. Jones’ book only be
cause his State pride would not per
mit him to consign to his municipal
cemetery a city that had so recently
been the capital of the commonwealth.
But instead of a defunct township I
find a growing city full of youthful
vim and enterprise, with its business
men well organized for concerted ac
tion, and all pulling together for the
common good. When the capital
was moved tb Atlanta it was a terri
ble blow to Milledgeville and many of
the business men became constitu
tional croakers and saw nothing but
failure and ruin in the future. They
had nothing good to say of the town
and as a matter of course the busi
ness went down until a season of com
mercial stagnation settled upon Mil
ledgeville. The old fogies were in the
majority and suggestions from the
young luen were frowned down or
ridiculed. But in the natural order
of things the number of young men
increased as the older ones decreased
and it came to pass that the young
blood and energy of the town acquir
ed the ascendancy. New policies
1 were adopted,
MORE MODERN METHODS
were introduced in business circles
and public feeling began to improve.
Then the Milledgeville Business Union
was formed and the business men
combined their forces to pull togeth
er for the city’s good. This Business
Union is a sort of board of trade and
has sixty odd members. In it origi
nates nearly all public measures look
ing to muncipal growth and advance
ment, and its recommendations to the
City Conncil receive prompt attention
and are usually adopted. Since its
organization it has caused the names
of the streets to be posted at the cor
ners and the houses to be numbered,
the sheds extending across the side
walks to be torn down, a fire alarm
bell tower to be built, and a commit
tee from the Union is now canvassing
the town to organize a company to
light the streets and houses with gas,
while another has been appointed to
goto Atlanta and set forth Milledge-
ville’s claim to have the new road to
the coast pass through that city.
Other enterprises, such as a cotton
compress, a cotton seed oil mill, a
canal and water works, are in con
templation by the Union, which has
boldly taken the future of the town
upon its shoulders, and means to
work out for it success and prosperity.
The President of the Business Union
is Mr. W. T. Conn, the leading whole
sale merchant of the place, and the
Secretary and Treasurer is Mr. T. E.
White, of White & Treanor, an ener
getic, enthusiastic, and intelligent
representative of the young business
men of the town.
Milledgeville has 4,000 inhabitants,
and is visited daily by drummers from
all points. The Oconee House, run
by Mr. S. B. Marshall, for the past
six years, furnishes accommodation
for strangers, and is a weU kept
house. Electric call bells run into all
the rooms and guests receive polite
attention. Two hack lines run be
tween the hotel and the depots, a
mile distant. The Macon and Augus
ta railroad and the Central railroad
furnish ample facilities for freight
THE BUSINESS OF MILLEDGEVILLE
is steadily growing and all branches
of trade are represented. She has
one house doing an exclusive whole
sale business, and several others that
combine wholesale departments with
their retail business. The largest
business in the town is carried on by
Messrs. W. T. Conn A Co., who do an
exclusive wholesale grocery business,
and keep two men constantly on the
road, ami a third who makes special
trips. The following houses are also
in this line, doing a retail business:
P. M. Compton A Son, C. H. Wright
Hendrix, Perry A Den-
Co., Peter J. Cline & Co., Adolph Jo
seph, H. Adler, Havgood & Caraker,
Skinner & Co., and ft. L. Holloway &
•Co’s 10 cents store; in shoes and leath
er Fred Haug; in drags Messrs. John
M. Clark, C. L. Case, T. H. Kenan; in
furniture, wagons and buggies W. &
J. Caraker and L. W. Davidson; ware
house, fertilizers, wagons, buggies
and machinery H. Turner; hardware
(wholesale) Joseph Staley, T. T.
Windsor; wheel wright and wagon
maker Cox A Gardner, M. A. Collins
and William Payne; cotton and com
mission brokers, C. G. Wilson and
Moore & Jeffers; livery and sale sta
bles. G. T. Whilden and M. R. Bell;
brick and wood contractors and build
ers McMillan A Ailing; photography T.
J. Fairfield. The business of the town
is in good condition, and there is but
a single house for rent in the corpor
ate limits; that is one of the old ante
bellum residences with 20 large rooms
and too extensive for the average
household of the present day. The
paint brush has brightened up the
appearance of the town in many lo
THE CHURCHES AND SCHOOLS.
The religious denominations are all
represented in Milledgeville, with res
ident pasters and church buildings,
and a new $10,000 Baptist church is
soon to be erected. The city is prom
inent in t\ie State as an educational
evenings as a band stand by the Mil
ledgeville brass band, composed of
popular young men of the town.
Milledgeville is on the Oconee river,
but is on a high hill and suffered no
damage from the recent high water in
this stream. Three miles from the
town, shoals in the river furnish as
fine water power as oan be had in the
state, which could be made available
by a canal through the city.
SOMETHING ABOUT BALDWIN COUNTY.
Baldwin county, of which Milledge
ville is the county seat, is one of the
Middle Georgia counties, and is finely
adapted to the cultivation of cotton,
corn, oats, wheat and the staple state
products. I am informed that consid
erable improvement has been devel
oped in the system of agriculture in
the county growing out of Furman's
plan of intensive farming—putting a
small portion of land at time in a
high state of cultivation. It is said
that nearly every planter in the coun
ty has some brag patch that lie is
bringing to the highest point of devel
opment. Mr. Furman’s widow is still
carrying out his system of farming
i and is succeeding well. A prominent
I officer of the county says that cotton
1 is raised almost to the exclusion of
food products, and he thinks the far-
i mers are in a worse condition than
they were a few years ago. They lost
their oats by the freeze and are now
centre, and its advantages in this line k l P hig Western corn.
a^e looked to as an inducement to
greatly increase population now that
the sale of liquor has been prohibited.
The Middle Georgia Military arid Ag
ricultural College was established in
January, 18yo, in accordance with an
act of the General Assembly creating
a department of the State Uniuersity
at Milledgeville. Five thousand dol
lars was appropriated to repair the
buildings and fit them up for school
purposes, and the college is conducted
in the old Capitol. A magnificent
eampus surounds the buildings and
affords arn^le room for the drilling of
the cadets and for recreation. The
school is a mixed school, and boys and
girls are carried through seven classes
after completing the primary grade.
In the male department the four high
er classes are required to uniform, and
conform to the military regulations
of the institution unless exempted by
physical disability. A matriculation
fee of $10 is charged, after which the
tuition is free, the amount raised from
this source, together with $2,000 from
the State land scrip fund and $2,000
from a special city tax defraying the
expenses of the institution. The
number of the faculty is eleven, with
Gen. D. II. Hill as President and K.
G. Matheson commandant of cadets,
and instructor in military science.
There are 423 students in attendance
on uh iAfi'ge 'I:'<>.> Baldwin and
neighboring counties. Besides this
institution there are several private
schools for white and colored children
in different parts of the city. The
Eddy School is the largest colored in
stitution in the place, and is one of
the best arranged schools. It was
built by the United States Govern
ment during the reign of the Freed
man's Bureau. It averages about 300
in attendance, and is a free school
during three months of the year. Un
der the public school system there are
47 schools in the county, of which 25
are colored. These employ 60 teach
ers with an average attendance of
LOCAL POINTS OF INTEREST.
The old Gubernatorial Mansion is
now kept by Mrs. M. E. Taylor as a
boarding house for the studentsof the
college, and is under the supervision
of the college faculty.
The State lunatic asylum is located
here, but I must devote a special let
ter to this nobie charity with its fine
government and 1,600 inmates and
The Milledgeville cemetery is one of
the most attractive and best cared for
of any in the State.
A new $25,000 court house is being
erected, and will be ready for court in
July. It will be one of the handsom
est and best arranged buildings in the
State, the ordinary Hon. D. B. San
ford, having profited by the conven
iences and short-comings of other
court houses in the State in the plan
ning of this one. On the lower floor,
all of which will be handsome tiling,
will be the libraries and the offices of
the county officers. Each of these is
perfectly fire proof in construction,
with iron vault doors and combina
tion locks. In the second story will
be the court room, which, with the
colored gallery, will have a seating
capacity of about 500. A handsome
dome surmounts the building, in
which will be placed a city clock with
four dials. The building, is of brick,
with steps, window* sills and other
trimmings of oolitic limestone.
The Union and Recorder, a sterling
and popular weekly, is the official or
gan of the county,* and a good news
paper, well edited.
In this connection it just occurs to
me that I omitted to mention the press
in mv letters from Warrenton and
Sparta. In the former town the War-
renton Clipper, under the manage
ment of Editor -Patillo, wields a strong
influence in county affairs, and is de
servedly popular, while at Sparta The
Ishniaelite, in the hands of the Lewis
Brothers and Mr. Roberts, has caryed
The county is about twenty-five
miles across each way and is situated
right on the belt which divides the
oak and pine country, half of the
county being timbered with oak and
hickory and the other half with pine.
The county has a population of 15,000
with a voting strength of about 2,300.
In the recent prohibition election
1,955 voters registered in the county,
the negroes being in the proportion of
three to one, The tax digest of last
year footed up $1,359,111, of which
$78,978 was returned by colored peo
ple. Ordinary Sanford thinks that
the recent act of the Legislature, pro
viding an itemized list of personal
property upon which returns are to
based, will increase the next digest to
two millions. The rate of taxation is
high, the State and county tax being
$14 on $1,000.
Besides Milledgeville, there are sev
eral villages in Baldwin county, the
most important of which is Stevens’
Pottery, ten miles south of Milledge
ville, on the Gordon and Eatonton
railroad. This is a celebrated brick
and piping manufactory worked by
convicts, and doing about $100,000 of
business annually. There are also
saw mills here, and a population of
about three hundred.
Scottsboro has about one hundred
inhabitants - , .and half a century ago
I was a famous educational centre,
i Midway is a suburb of Milledgeville.
and has about live hundred inhabit-’
! Brown's Crossing, ten miles nearer
| Macon has about one hundred inhab-
j itants, two stores, and a neat negro
I Meriwether Station is north of Mil-
! ledgeville, on the Eatonton railroad,
and has a church and one or two
stores. E. B. H.
The Pulpit Praises the Press.
Newspapers the Great Educator
of the People.
EXTRACTS FROM A SERMON OF REV.
The newspaper is the great educa
tor of the nineteenth century. There
is no force compared with it. It is
book, pulpit, platform, forum, all in
one. And there is not an interest—
religious, literary, commercial, scien
tific, agricultural, or mechanical—
that is not within i? s grasp. All our
churches, and schools, and colleges,
and asylums, and art galleries feel the
quaking of the printing press.
The first attempt at this institution
in France was in 1681, bv a physician,
who published the Aews for the
amusement and health of his patients.
The French nation understood fully
how’ to appreciate this power. Napo
leon with his own hand wrote articles
for the press, and so early as in 1829
there were in Parris 169 journals.
But in the United States the newspa
per has come to unlimited sw’av.
Though in 1775 there were but 37 in
the whole country, the number of
published journals is now' counted by
thousands; and today—we may as well
acknowledge it as not—the religious
and secular newspaper are the great
educators of the country.
“Lazarus, come forth!" and to the
treatmg surges of darkness, “Let
there be lightl" In many of our city
newspapers, professing no more than
secular information, there have ai>
peared during the past ten years
some of the grandest appeals in be
nj“ f religion, and some of the most
effective interpretations of God's gov
eminent among the nations.
One of the great trials of this news-
paper profession is the fact that they
are compelled to see more of the shatc
of the world thau any other profes
sion. Through every newspaper of
fice, day by clay, gt> the weaknesses
of the world, the vanities that want
to be puffed, the revenges that want
to be wreaked, all the mistakes that
w’ant to be corrected, all the dull
speakers w ho want to be thought el
oquent, all the meanness that wants;
to get its wares noticed gratis in the
editorial columns in order to save the
tax of the advertising columns, all the-
men who want to be set right who
never were right, all the crack-brain
ed philosophers, with story as longa,-
their hair, and as gloomy as their fin
ger nails, in mourning because bereft
of soap; all the itinerant bores who
come to stay five minutes and stop :u
hour. Froui the editorial and reporto
rial rooms, all the follies and shams ol
the world are seen day by day. anti
the temptation is to believe in neither
God, man, nor woman. It is no sur
prise to me that in your profession
there are some skeptical men. I onl>
wonder that you believe anything.
Unless an editor or a reporter has in h - .-
present or his early home, a model ot
earnest character, or he throws liiisi
self upon the upholding grace of God
he must make temporal and eternal
Well, my friends, we will soon get
through writing and printing, and
proof-reading, ami publishing. What
then? Our life is a book. Our years
are the chapters. Our months are
the paragraphs. Our days are the
sentences. Our doubts are* the inter
rogation points. Our imitation o4
others the quotation marks. Our at
tempts at display a dash. Death. Sis*
period. Eternity the peroration. O
God, where will we spend it? Hare
you heard the news, more stnrtlieqf
than any found in the journals of tlm
last six weeks? It is tlie tidings that
man is lost. Have you heard fcL
news, the gladest that was ever- an
nounced, coming this day from t’.v
throne of God, lightning courieta
leaping from the palace gate’ Tk-
news! The glorious news!. Tim:
there is pardon for all guilt, and
fort for trouble. Set it up in “douk
le-leaded" column- and direct it to V
A Scotch poet insane on every;hi. g
but religion, wrote this beautiful y< :
God hath pardoned all my sin,
That’s the news! That’s the nt-v, r :,
I feel the witness deep within.
That’s the news! That’s the new.-.’
And since he took my sins away.
And taught me how to watch and pray
I’m happy now from day to day,
That's the news! That’s the new-.'
«Kd H C W E^, W S' I ^ and tp iev ,«a«£
Leonard A Go., W. T. Mappm, Mas-;
soy A Ennis, T. A. Caraker, W. H. i
Armstrong, W. H. Roberts, W. A. I
Walker, L. H. Thomas, H. E. Kreutz, j
A. L. Ellison and Yoel Joel; in dry
goods are Messrs. T. L.
A five alarm bell tower, with brick
foundation, is being erected in the
central portion of the city. At an
elevation of about twenty feet a plat-
oei* m urv i f° n . u be erected in the tower.
McComb A I which v,r ill be used during the summer
Whence then, this intelligence—
this capacity to talk about all tnemes,
secular and religious—this acquaint
ance with science and art—this power
to appreciate the beautiful and grand?
Next to the Bible, the newspaper—
swift-winged, and everywhere present,
flying over the fences, shoved under
the door, tossed into the counting-
house, laid on the work-bench, hawk
ed through the cars! All read it:
white and black, German. Irishman,
Swiss, Spaniard, American, old and
young, good and bad, sick and well,
• before breakfast and after tea, Mon
day' morning, Saturday' night, Sun
day and week day.
I now declare that I consider the
newspaper to be the grand agency by ,
which the Gospel is to be preached,
ignorance cast out, oppression de
throned, crime extirpated, the world
raised, heaven rejoiced and God glo
rified. . ..
In the clanking of the pri Ring
press, as the sheets flv out. I hear the
voice of the Lord Almighty proclaitil
ing to ail the dead nations of the earth
And now if anyone should say.
What’s the news? What's the new*’
O tell him you've begun to pray—
That’s the news! That’s the new.*’
That you’ve joined the conquering
And now with joy at God's coalman s’..
You’re marching to the better land.
That's the news! That's the new-
Labor's Grasp on New Englanx*
—The labor-trouble is striking deepe*
in New England than i:i Texas. Thes
is no collision as in rlie southwest, but
there is a terrible strain.
The city of Lynn. Mass., the largest
shoe-making center in the world, L-
simply paralyzed. Business is sus
pended, and 3,000 workmen who a vet
aged $15 a week have been idle fot
two weeks. This stoppage of $45,0.>*.
a week in wages has put an end fcu
trading. Many of the leading man
ufacturers have moved to small an-
remote villages where they have a ru
ral reserve to draw new hands from.
Many of the older workmen have qut<
the knights and gone with the manu
facturers into their new fields. A
boy-cotted manufacturer cannot buy
a morsel to eat in Lynn. He cannot
have a horse shod. The transfer men
will not haul his baggage. He hat
had to go to Boston or starve. Tin
city is simply throttled, and is as help
less as if it were dead. The manufae
turers print detailed statements show
ing that at present prices a pair of
shoes they sell for 75 cents co3ts 7?
cents; and a pair sold at $1.50 cost >
$1.44. But labor will not loosen it.-
grip and the city is being deserted l>y
all who can leave it.
In every town and city in New Eng
land the forces are marshal ing for a
bitter and prolonged confii r. Up to
this time the organization lias been
almost wholly with labor. Now capi
tal is organizing. The lines of divi
sion are deepening and the outlook
Rev. J. W. Lee of Atlanta will ad
dress the’ State Sunday School Con
vention when it assembles in Macon
in May, on “Applied Christianity.
He will also address the convention
of the Woman’s Christian Tc-mperan*.
For stiffness and soreness of tb
muscles and joints of the body, rhen
uiatism, neuralgia—in fact an;-
ache or pain of the body—nothir g
equals Salvation Oil. Sold by v
druggists. Price 25 cts.