'.’.-F---T4 US. •'
gMßuiniini in advance .« t DO
nlva " L ’ *
■EITES of advertising.
Msperwuie advartising by tbss year, two routs
lino (or each insertion, if ordered only in th#
■f S»3jL«l<lv, and one cent, per line for each if order
'Weekly and Tri-Weekly.
occasional advertisements, if ever five line-',
cents per line for the first insertion, and two
for each subsequent insertion.
fire lines, or lean, twenty-four cts. for the first
and twelve cents for each subsequent
■Bfhere the adv’rtisbi? is considerable, these
',< may he a'lnr .>hat reduced.
Transient Advertisements and Spocia
> double the above rates.
®B^Bnir acl> may be made to suit the parti'ulai
Sg||||Sj I’os’aje mu.' b« rv.l ..p al; ;TU'm,e;i;.'
the Temperance Advocate.]
Ww l !** o» liaiproviMtf i aiitl with
■FI Immediate Profit.
mgr. Editor: The attention of our agricul
■kristsisnow very generally turned to every
Fpian by which our soils may be resuscitated
r tnd enriched. No labor is sparedin making
manures of various kinds, for ail we have
found by experiencing that there is a gain in
so enrich ng the soil as to make it yield more
to the Mute labor, while it is gradually im
proving, instead of deteriorating for future '
It is a fact, however, that whilst we are all
attending more or less to this ma: ter, vet by
Sir the greater number of planters are pro- 1
grossing but slowly. One principal reason,
wc apprehend is, that the necessities and pres
sures of the majority are such as to prevent
them from laying out any capital in the pur
chase of suitable materials, with which to
fertilize their lands. And but few arc able to
lose their lab r, and time fofojhe present ip
planting those green cropsome
have been ploughed in tc/isj> im-
provement of their ground.'''
. Several persons who have plaq^Ssfi^wue/^.
fdFthis purpose, but they
the temptation ot reaping t, ud?sS -"
sure of a great scarcity m proVisi?H|
I believe it lobe veiy
those farmers ad<qn (his course of
their lan I, who are in what is
circumstances, or those who may have a
start in au abundance of-provisions.
Under this* belief I will ask for a corner of
your paper, that I may, in this, and perhaps
one or two more numbers, throw out some
suggestions which will be of use to such as
•re starting on another year with a scarcity of
provisions. We can call them what has been
done very profitably by some others under
similar circumstances-—hnw they have avoid
ed the necessity of purchasing” corn, whilst
they have materially enriched their land. •
Indeed it will be found profitable by those, I
who, though they may not be threatened with
any scarcity, desire to raise stock or who may
be near a market where provisions are in de
What may borclaimed for this mode, which
• is very generally adopted in the low com.try,
is, that it is one of the best and most economi
cal ways of fertilizing the soil, whilst t. i
made to yield a large and valuabi. pn ouc".—
It has a decided advantage over the pea co.
(that is planted as a manure,) in that you are
± well rewarded for your labor within the season
■itself, whilst the land will certainly lie fully
mode is to raise a crop from the vine
■■he sweet potatoe —which is one of the
useful articles of food we have. Far-
the middle and up country are for the
part not aware of its value, noth s- for ih-
the soil, and ns a wholesome and «;>; u
food for man and beast. We form our
of the estimate in which the up <mn y
and planters regard the potato from
fact that they plant and use so tew fur
HnNow Sir, if soma of our agricultural Iri-nds
■/®l make an experiment upon a rtnali scale
the value of a few acres of slips po
food for hogs and oven homes;
nod ascertain how many
..Ji ' acres rr ill ke. p well,
.. t ell .1--
: J ' •
ami w. dug i:i No-
Si) n-i-h Is to I tie n-r-'.
. ■|R] would have be ■:> b"'tor, ns Im, hmi
by ex,.eri.'uce il we had wait d mr.il ;.
■■■todig.* ins i a : ol wh. ■ d < -' V
lx fore—a purl n. Or. . .
V- tnber. Ol course Uns t- ty tn
production of potatoes to the a. re- n
■kotisidered u handsome out) here for the quaii-
th<> land. But there sic acres widen Will
EHyKfeseveral hundred bushels. The yield
sp rificu ilii’ie va- good w... n i:i
yield ol the laud in corn, or in
else. Then tils- we should i..k ■ in-
he comparative tunY Y 11 ol tshor
A' aHihe condition in whn h the-ml is left after
gsßHlrtivo reaped your corn. It is sure to pro-
good corn another year.
tins crop of potatoes we have fed 8 head
Os horses, 4 head of oxen, 2 milch cows besides
&.c. &c.,our people having as much as
they could consume from the first November
tothe Ist March including four months. In
all this time wa have not fed out ten bushels
ofcorn But our paper admonishes us to stop
for the present. It agrii'ubl:* to you we shall
write more on this topic—for we verily be
lieve many would bo profited in pursuing a
similar plan In our next we will nv ntion
the time and inode of cultivation and also the
manner ol feeding wiih potatoes. Hugo
Otangebttrg, March 23, 18-19.
Plank Roads.—The N. Y. Day Book high
ly recommends a work entitled “Roads and
Rail Roads,” by Professor Gillespie. As plunk
roads are exciting much interest in Virginia as
weU as else where, the following extract which
the Day Book gives from the work will no doubt
"The great objection to plank roads in the
eyes of an engine r is tneir perishable nature,
and consequent final destruction. But this
fault is not one peculiar to plank roads, but
common to all in a greater or less degree.—
Thus in the case of broken stone, or McAdam
roads, usually cited as contrasting models of
durvbilitv, we find that they wear away so
"TSpwly as to feqmre nor only constant repairs
but, when well kept up, an uvtuai additional lo
their substance of one cubic yard per mile for
each beast of burden passing over Im-ut, arid
the eighty thousand team* per year, which
passed over tho "Syracuse road would have re
quired an amount of broken stone, lo rep.ace
their wear enough to return it many m s
over. A Canadian report to th. Ho.,
lie Works shows that the co- o .
McAdam ro«d will there make .
nearly four miles of plank road; <
roatltha substitution of plank lor u
effected u saving of an atnoun. si.fi;.. .'
plank the road ever) three years, it .r...
The New \ork Senate report stat-s that s |
plank-road over the same lin • with a McAuam
one can often be built and maintained tor less
than the Interest on the cost of a McAdanotte,
added to the expense of its ncce>-ary annual
repairs. But even if a plank load was s’lit
■ m..re perishable than il is, and was worn o i hi
year, slttt,if in that time, it hud rv|>aiii i s
two or three fold, (as we have seen i
do,) it would be -o much the more pro-
iiivcstmenl '. and it.is is the lit -. ■
a; . private ngmeeimgco..-:uc
facts are certain y lo
go tar to r.-.-.-i: m. i-.i me r. 0..-
O&., vaiuab.e improv.;;t cf ['.a::k
—-'What is an axe ?"
•• All ni'iruineiit 'or emtrng.”
'il .S wunv ■'
i’'''-' ll '- narrow ax'. -
' - ' A '■'• ' '
—Gow. me n-v .s'y
Xj'/ oi '.cam .vt a you. _■ g. : n:a:i el
rafer-.gl i a: : s ■' '■ a.m
t'r' * ”ks ’ha: .'a
BY JAMES M. SMYTHE,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
From the New York Tribune, 11 th inat.
ANOTHER SHAMEFUL RIOT.
Attack on the Opera House—Military
called out—Fifteen persons Killed, and
We are again called upon to record one of
the most shameful events which has ever dis
graced the history of our City. The not of Mon.
■Mgjpight. oA wludrthattof last night was but a
was harmless in comparison. We
the particulars in the order of their occur-
almost entirely from our own personal
■ The invitation extended to Mr. Macready by a
Fnuniber of our most prominent citizens, and his
i acceptance thereof, culled forth a second effort
on ttio part of those who created the riot on Mon
day night. Early yesterday morning placards
were posted up through the City, saying that the
crew of the Briush Xeamer hud threatened vio
lence to nil who “darryd express their opinions at
die English Aristocra'Aj Opera House,” and call
ing upon all working mejn l 0 « s t aui l by their law
ful'rqdrl’-” f*!' '■‘“f'Jucnce of this and similar
threats'k' a f ee ** was ordered to at
tend at and in case this should
not be order, the 7th Regi
•ment, Col. DurySHbrid two troops of horse,
(Cupts. Varnum airoPutterson,) of the Eighth
Regiment, under command of Gen. Hall, and the
Huzzars attached to Gen. Morris’s Brigade, were
held in readiness. They formed in two bod es,
one of which *as stationed in the Park undone
at Centre Market.
In anticipation, of a riot, the rush for tickets
was very great, and before night, none were to
be had. For some time before tho doors were
opened, people began to collect in Astor Place,
a d the Pohco look their stations at the doors
and in the buildings. The crowd increased with
v. .•• moment, a.id when we came upon the
gr.imv 3: !-..m-pas’. -.ven, the square and street
front Broadway to th . Bowery we re nearly full.
There Was nucha tremendous crush about the
doois, despite of a notice posted up stating that
the tickets were all sold, that'several of the en
trances were obliged to bo closed. The Police
used every exertion to preserve order, and suc
ceeded in preventing all attempts to force an en
trance, Inside, the house was filled but not
crowded, and the amphitheatre jvas not more than
half full. The general appearance of the audi
ence was respectable and it was hoped at first
that there would be no serious attempt at disturb
azee. Wo noticed, however, that the windows
h'.id been carefully boarded up and the doors barri
caded—the object of which was afterwards made
The first two scenes passed over with a vocifer
ous welcome to Mr. Clarke as Malcolm. The
entrance of Mr. Macready, in the thrrd act, was
the signal for a perfect storm of cheers, groans
and hisses. Tho whole audience rose, and the
nine-tenths of it who wore friendly to Macready
cheered, waved heir huts and handkerchiefs A
largo body in the parqaelto, "with others in the
hissed and groaned with equal zeal
m 01 r ~' 11111 m• ex> wll *u
11: eb t ■ r * upon wni<l>
friends of Order will remain quiet.”
This silenced all but the rioters who continued to
drown all s-ound of what was said upon the stage
Not a word of the first act could be heard by any
one in the house. The Policemen present did
little or nothing, evidently wailing ordeis. Final
ly, in the last scene of the act, Mr. Matsell.
Chief of Police, made his appearance in the par
queue, and. followed by a number of his uifls
in relied directly down the aisle tothe leader o;
the s: in banco, whom he secured after a short
but violent struggle. One by one the rioters weie
taken and carried out. the greater part of the
audience applauding as they disappeared.
Before the second act was over, something of
the play could be h 2ard, and in the pauses of the
shouts und yells, the orders of the Chief and his
men in different parts of the house could be heard
as well us th« wild uproar of the mob without.
Mrs. Coleman Pope, as Lidy Macbeth, first pro
cured a lit tie silence, which ended however, im
mediately on Mr Macready’s re appearance
The obnoxious actor went throu »h his part with
perfect self possession, and paid no regard to the
tumultuous scene before him. As the parquette
and gallery were cleared of the noisiest rioters, the
crojwds without grew more violent, and stones
were hurled against the windows on the Astor
place side As one window (-racked after another,
and piece) of bricks and paving-stones rattled in
on the terraces and lobbies, the confusion in
creased. till the Opera House resembled a fortress
besieged bv an invading army rather than a place
meant for the peaceful amusement of a civilized
community. Sometimes heavy stones would
d sh in the bo-trds which had been nailed up as
protection, and a number of policemen were con
stantly occupied in nailing up and securingthc de
fenses. The attack was sometimes on one side
and sometimes on the other, but seemed to be
most violent on Eighlh-st. where there was a
continual volley of stones und other missiles. The
retiring-rooms were closed, and the lobbies so
“ raked” by the mob outside, that the only safe
places were the boxes and parquette A stone
thrown through an upper window, knocked off
some of the ornaments of the splendid chandelier.
The fourth and fifth acts were given in compar
ative quiet, so far as tho audience were concern
ed, a large number of whom assembled in the
,obby, n egress from the building being possible
At tinse words of Macbeth:
•• I w’il! ndt be afraid of death and banc,
’Till Birnam forest come to Duuainane.”
An attempt was made to get up a tumult, but
failed. The phrase,
Wi!! laugh a siege to scorn.”
was also loudly applauded. But in spite of the
consent crashing and thumping of stones and the
terrible yells of the crowd in the street, the tra
gedy [too truly a tragedy to many,] was played to
an end und the curtain fell. Macready was of
course called out and cheered, as was Mr.
C<arke. Cheers were aho given for the Police,
and for many other things which we did not hear
in the general tumult.
Towards tho c ose, a violent attack was made
by the mob n one of the doors, which was partly
ced A oly of Policemen, armed with their
i c .b d Hom it and secured a number
\. o weic brought in and placed in
j.- the parquette, with those who
1:..'.-, y e,i<\t'iy a;rested. These riotera, to
| e number o; thirty or forty, battered down the
; p irtnu n of the room with their feet, and attempt
1 ed to crawl out at the bottom by the holes so
j made. A strong guard was therefore placed to
i watch them, and no one, we believe, succeeded
! n making his escape. From the confusion occa
i sioned by the continued attack on the house, we
were unable lo learn the names of any of them.
After the play was over, the noise being appa
; rcnlly diminished somewhat, the audience were
I allowed to go out quietly by the door nearest
1 Broadway. ’l'he crowd was not dense in the mid
[ die of the street, a body of troops having just
passed along, but the sidewalks, fences and all
other available positions were thronged, and a
• shower of stones was kept up against the window.
I As we reached Broadway a company of the
! Greys came round from Eighth-street and took
I their position in front of ihe Opera House. Two
■ cordons of Police in Eighth street kept the street
. \ scant before the building, but the shattered doors
! and windows showed how furious had been the
f I - track on that side. We learned from those in
• crowd that troops of foot and on-of horse had
• a .ed about half an hour previous and passed
■ entirely around the building, partially disperaag
■ . the mob. They had been assailed with stones, it
was stated, one of the dragoons knocked from his
horse and aaother carried off with a broken leg
from the fall of his horse.
' Up to this time we did not learn that any pro
clamation had been made to the ri ters. Auer
‘ I passing ihe Greys at the comer of Broa way we
> wni into Eighth st. an«t were on the return, tu
not more than three minutes afterward, when a
i volley was fired by the troopa.the quick, scatter
’ mg (faehee throwing a sudden gleam tnvr the
> 3, it'lrid Journal, fcruotcb to News, politics, £iter4ure, (General intelligence, &c. ? Tcrn >«--® w ® a Year
> ’ . ) INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
crowd, the gas-lights in the streets having all
beeoextinguished. Hastening into Astor place,
we found the troops drawn up before the house,
and the crowd, beginning to disperse in front of
them. It was generally believed that they fired
blank cartridges, and a large nui.iber of persons,
who were mere lookers-on did not pay much atten
tion to it. We passe i into Lafayette-place, and
theie saw the I ©dies of two or three persons dead
orwouuded borne away.
Tho crowd seemed iwken by surprise,
count-l iuccKMCinl jioisvs very few
heard tho reading of the Riot Act. Many assert
that it was not read, hut we have positive testimo
ny to the contrary. We wore returning and had
nearly reached Astor-place agaih, Khen a second
volley was fired, followed almost without pause
by three or four others. A part of the crowd
came rushing down Lafayette-place, but there
was no shout nor noise except ths deadly reports
of the muskets.
After this horrid sound had ceased, groups of
people came along, bearing away the bodies of
the dead and dying. The excitement of the
crowd was terrible. We heard nothing but one
universal expression of vengeance and abhorrence.
What adds totals tragic occurrence is that most
of those who were killed were innocent of ail
participation in the ri®t. An old man, waiting
tor the cars in the Bowery, was instantly shot
dead. A little boy, ‘right years old. was killed by
a ball, at the corner of Lafayette-place, and a
woman sitting in her own room at the comer of
the Bowery, was shot in the side. Some of the
bodies were carried into Vauxhall, others into
Jones’s Hotel, and others to the City Hospital and
the Ward Station House. In the former place
we saw a dead man stretched on the billiard table,
and another with a ball in his hip, writhing in
gif at agony.
Groups of people collected in the stree'R and in
front of Vauxhall, some of which were addressed
by speakers, calling them to revenge the death of
the slain. The troops for a time anticipated ano
ther attack, in consequence of this, but up to the
hour of going to press, all has been quiet.
We found Mr. Matsell, Chief of Police, in] t e
Opera House. He said that the mob fired with
guns or pistols—that a great number of Police
were hurt—some of them shot through and
through—one mortally as he had heard.
One of Mr. Matsell’s officers told us that of 40
or 50 under arrest iu a kind of a pen down stairs
one Trappen had been arrested within three
months on a charge of burglary. Some had been
ironed, but their irons were taken eff. Bill Sparks
a notorious character, Tom Burns, E. Z. C. Jud
son, editor of Buntlin’s Own, were among
The National Grays and Police had possession
of the House, and would remain all night.
The Mayor, Gen. Sandford, and the Sheriff
were on the ground at the moment of tho greatest
Some artillerymen were therefwhen wo left.
There were o( course a thousand rumors more
or less exaggerated in circulation, which are not
worthy of particular mention.
Il is impossible io ascertain to-night the number
of dead und wounded : but we think we have
positive <-viden<-e that at least twelve, and perhaps
!»• lift cell, w cie ci tn er kiiVd outrigfit or di« d b<?-
foro I o’clock this morn ng. The rumor of woun
ded will vary from twenty to thilty, although ma
ny are not dangerously hurt. We shou'd also
mention the alacrity and promptness with which
the Druggists and Physicians in the vicinity prof
lered their services to the woundc I.
The military were severely pelted with stones,
but none of them were seriously injured, as we
learned from several officers.
We left ihe Opera House about one o'clock
this morning ; all was quiet in the streets with no
apparent excitement on the part of the people.—
Little knots of men, were standing here, and
iho re, talking over the affair ; but, with one or
iwo exceptions, in a calm and reasonable manner.
Strong cordons of Policemen barricaded Eight li
st, and Astor-place, preventing ail approach tothe
scene of the riot ; while a body of the National
Greys hud possessi* uof the building and its ap
proaches. Every precaution had been taken to
prevent a repetition of the sad and bloody occur
rence, so disgraceful and unusual in our city.
The whole number of ’roups engaged about the
Opera House wus about 3UU, between 4U and 50
of whom were injured by the missiles thrown by
tho crowd—some of them Severely. The compa
nies of cavalry could do nothing. The people
surrounded them goaded their horses and knocked
some of them to the ground. Thu number ol per
sons in the must have amounted to 12 or
15,000. I’he troops remained on the ground till
5 o’clock this morning, when they w’erc ordered to
ESCAPE OF MACREADY.
After the performance of Macbeth was finished.
Mr. Macready passed through the crowd with the
and ence who were leaving, on foot and uni ecog
nized, and made his escape. He left the City du
ring the night, and was seen at New-Rochelle
this morning at 5 o'clock, where he breakfasted
and took the early train to Boston.
THE OPERA-HOUSE DURING THE DAY.
Since an early hour this morning the Opera-
House has been surrounded by crowds of people,
attracted by curiosity or a sympathy with suffer
ers in the scenes of last evening Within and
without a strong police force keeps diligent watch,
but. although there is a murmured discontent or
subdued rage, there is little danger of any farther
distnibunee. The interior of the house received
no injuries, and only the broken windows give
signs of the late riot.
NAMES OF THE RU LED.
A telegraphic dispatch to the Baltimore Ameri
can gives the following list of names of pcroons
killed ii the riot in New Th£lp.»rr, nihnrs
William Butler ; Timothy Bums ; Neal Gray;
Wiliis Kelley: Mr. McG range : Owen Burns; !
Aza F. Collins ; Mathew Cohea ; Mathew Ca- i
hart; Thomas Kaiman; Geo. W. Taylor; George ■.
Lnikin ; G. W. Brown ; Henry T. Allen ; John '
S. Jones: Andrew McKinley, and G. W. Ged
[From the Charleston Courier.]
New York Markets.
Monday’, Muy 14—5, p. m.
Cotton is rather heavy, wnh a slight turn in
favor of buyers. Flour is dull and heavy, and
holders are anxious lo sell.
Exchange is firm at S io 8 j for good leading !
bills. Treasury notes 110. No sales ot Go
vernment L“an. Slocks are firm, with a slight
tendency to advance.
New York Riot.
Ail was quiet at New York yesterday.—Al
though the military still under arms, no
further disturbance was anticipated.
Mr. Macready sails next week for England.
Further of Liverpool Markets.
The tone of the Cotton Market, up to the
moment of the sailing of the Hibernia, was
steady in price, with a fair demand at 4f for
fair Mobile* 4$ for fair Orleans; Middling
Upiands4d. ; Middling Orleans The sales
of the day were 50U0 bales?
Bread Stuffs were firm. Holders were un
willing to concede any further decline in price.
American stocks were at five and a half to
six and a half premium.
From St. Doxccgo.
Intelligence from Sr. Domingo announces
the total defeat of the Hayliens by the Domin
ican forces. President Solouqe himself nar
row ly escaped capture.
Our Government intends detailing, forth
with, two of the national ships in search of the
lost exploring expedition ol Sir John Franklin.
in the Arctic seas; one to go east, around
‘ • Cape Labrador, and through Davis' Straits—
■ i the other west, to Behring’s Straits.
AUGUSTA, GEORGIA, WEDN
Thursday Morning, May 17, L 849.
O” The Agent for the Republic i» Mr. Wn.
Claget. Receipts will be given by him for
payments upon ■subscriptions and accounts.
We respectfully ask for him the kind aid of
friends wherever he may go. This an
written authority to others to act in a similar
In our paper of Tuesday morning there was
an article headed‘ Election of Judges by the
People” which should have been credited to
the Alabama (Whig) Reporter.
We have been requested to make the enqui
ry—Whether a machine which, would carry
the ends of threads from a reel across the
sleighs, in a direct line,and take them through
in regular order, and with greater speed than
the shuttle, would be of material imporianco to
weavers. If yea, what premium would th y
be willing to give for an effectual operating
The Convention of the Stockholders of the
Georgia Rail Road adjourned yesterday, after
remaining in session a part of two days. We
have not been able to get such an account of
their proceedings as would authorize us to say
more, than that the affairs of the Road are in
a highly prosperous condition,at once flattering
to the Direction of this important and useful
corporation, and to the interests of those who
are immediately connected withit, as owners
We learn that the proposition of the peo
pie of Wilkes to have a branch Road construc
ted from Washington to some convenient point
on the main Road, was turned over to the Di
rectors, and we are pleased to learn further,
that a survey of the intermediate country with
a view to ascertaining its probable cost will
soon be made.
The assembling of the Convention at
tracted a large number ot persons from abroad
who have, for the past two days, given much
life and animation to thetiiy, by their pres
Most of them will probably leave to-mor
row for their respective homes, which, wg_
trust they will all reach in safety.
The GaliGl Jade Winces.
We copy the following from the Chronicle
“Gross )1 —A few days
ago we copF'd, without a word of comment,
from the Richmond ( Va.) Times, an article
defending the Hon. J. S. Pendleton, against
the misrepresentations of his opponents, which
we regularly credited to the Times. We
were quite surprised therefore to find the arti
cle of the Times in the ‘ Republic' of yester
day ascribed to the Chronicle and Sentinel,
and accompanied by a long editorial assailing
this journal for the opinions of the Richmond
Times. Such, a spirit of malignity and desire
to wilfully misrepresent the Chronicle and
Sentinel, can only recoil upon the source
whence it emanates.”
We now re-publish the article in defence of
Mr. Pendleton, which we copied from the
Chronicle of the 11 th inst. Here it is:
John S. Pendleton.—Great injustice (says
tho Richmond Times) is done to this gentle
man by the Democratic papers of this and
other Southern States. For the purpose of
exaggerating as much as possible the extent
of the Democratic victory in the late election,
special care is taken to vouchsafe some con
gratulations at Mr. Pendleton’s defeat, because
it is al!- ged that he is “unsound” on the slavery
question, whilst Mr. Morton, his successful
competitor, is perfectly orthodox. It is just to
Mr. Pendleton to say, that be is greatly misre
presented in the refefeaces so frequently made
to his opinions on the slavery question. During
the canvass, he publicly declared that he was
utterly opposed to the Wilmot Proviso, had al
ways voted against it, and would go as far as
the farthest in resisting its application ; but in
regard to the constitutional power of Congress
to pass it he said that lie could not reject the
weight of authority in its favor. For every
practical purpose, therefore, it is undeniable
that Mr. Pendleton took the very strongest
In Mr. Morton’s election, the Democrats
have no manner of occasion for comforting
themselves. He agrees with Mr. Pendleton
as to the justice and odiousness of the Wilmot
Proviso, and goes a step farllier to deny its con
stitutionality ; so do the large majority of South
ern, men, whether whigs or Democrats, and no
man is less a Whig, because his opinions on
this subject are of the strongest character.
Mr. Mort’.n »i> als (no man could exceed) Mr.
Pendleton, in the cordial.ty of his admiration.
If this be comfort to the opposition, tliey may
“make the most of it.”—
The above is the article copied from the
Chronicle just as it appeared in that paper and
as we published it. It was put in the edit rial
columns of the Chronicle and in editorial cha
racter. It was leaded and had the appearance
of the rest of the editorial matter of that pa
We venture to assert, that net one in five
hundred of the readers of the Chronicle, ima
; gitied that the whole article was from the
Richmond Times. It is true the first sentence
i commences thus. “Great injustice (says the
' Richmond Times) is done to this gentleman
' &c.” Why did not the Chronicle put over the
article, “from the Richmond Times,” or give
i the usual credit at the bottom of it. The mode
; of inserting it which the Chronicle adopted,
Jis calculated to deceive. It looks as if the
I Chronicle wanted to steal an editorial by ma-
I king it appear as its own, or slip a defence of
i Mr. Pendleton slyly into its columns.
| We confess, that we did not know whether
' the *boie article was from the Times or not.
I We do not exiiange with that paper and have
: nut seen a numljjr of it in more than twelve
Finding it inserted in the Chronicle as it was
! in the editorial columns and in editorial cha
MORNING, MAY 23, 1849.
ractefwe presumed that it either the ar
■ icle df the Chronicle in whoU or in part, or
ihe offering of its adoption.
t**msclves say, that they copied
il fron.ihe TinD*wiMoi4 a ward.of comment.
One would bfve supposed that it would not
have bi n inserted as it was without comment
j*e'ntinicnts were agreeable to the
We ask, why did the Chronicle copy it at
all? What object did it have in view 7 Did
it wish to show that a lending whig jour
nal of Virginia, thought the highest ground
that a southern man could assume on the sla
very question,was to admit the constitutionali
ty of the Wilmot Proviso but vote against it.
We appeal to every reflecting Southern man
and ask him, if the course of the Chronicle in
this matter is calculated to benefit the South.
We ask every reflecting Whig, if the publi
cation of such articles, “without a word of
comment,” in a widely circulated Vyiiig Jour
nal, is calculated to benefit the whig party in
the coming elections I Our article in the
Republic ol Tuesday was not a gross misre
presentation of the Chronicle. We had a per
fect right under the circumstances to hold the
Chronicle responsible for the article, ei.her as
its author or endorser.
We did not state in our piece that the Chroni
cle was the author. Being somewhat in
doubts about it, we asked the question “is that
the opinion of the Chronicle 7”
The Chronicle is doing the South an injury
—is doing its party an injury—and when we
seek to check its baleful influences by expos
ing its course, it replies with the scurrility
which disgraces its columns.
Will the Chronicle be bravo enough to pub
-Ish this article, and reply to the following
questions 7 Does it believe that Mr. Pendle
ton look “the very strongest Southern ground!"
Can, cr will it justify any Souihern man in ta
king the position that the Wilmit Proviso is
canititutioual, notwithstanding, lie is opp
ssd to, and would vote against it 7 Does the
Chronicle believe that Congress has the consti
tutional power topass the Wilmot Proviso, or
tclegislate in any way, directly or indirectly,
to exclude slavery from the territories of New
Me|iicoand California 7
We do not wish to do the Chronicle ittjiis
licqi Let it reply to these questions and we
THWpSßiy*pliblish if, more especially ii its
answer is such as should be made by a South
Ve are endeavoring, by all fair anil just
me us, to advance the interests of the whig
paru, because we prefer its principles in the
mait, to those of the democratic party. How
can we aid it effectually, when the democrats,
and wme Whigs urge that the Chronicle more
trulv represents whig principles, feelings and
opitions, than the Republic.
Whigs are certainly not playing false to us
to oir face and in their letters. For the last
six nonths we have conversed with but few
Whijs who did not utterly condemn the
course of the Chronicle on this slavery ques
tion. It is vita', and unless our skirts are clear,
our position brightly, warmly Southern, we
Frsm the New Orleans Picayune of the 10th
inst., we learn that that city has been seriously
threatened with inundation recently, from the
crevassees in the Levee. A large number of
bands were employed on the lOtli inst., in re
pairieg the break at Sauves’. Late in the
evening, however, a large timber raft came
rushing down the river, and almost demolished
the embankment which they had thrown up
About half an hour after another larger raft
came down, tearing away the*piles and swi ep
ing everything before it. Continued efforts
were making however, to repair the break, and
from die Picayune of the 11th inst, we learn
that success would be certain.
Another crevasse in front of the Powder
Magazine about three miles below Algier’s
was discovered on the morning of the 10th.
Efforts were making to close it, and the Pow
der Magazine, was in great danger of being
Tho last news from the Morganza Crevasse,
in Point Coupee Parish, is very discouraging.
The breach in the embankment was about a
quarter of a mile wide. A committee appoint
ed by the Police Jury toexamine this crevasse,
reported it impossible to be repaired.
The Picayune of the 11th inst. reported an
other crevasse at the “English Turn” eight
miles below Algiers.. Xha pfoutalrou* us-or
tne wefifrh bank of tlie Mississippi are cov
ered with water to the depth of fonr fee’, and
much injury is sustained by the crops of corn
Commissioner for Texas.—We under
stand that the Governor of Texas has appoint
ed John K. Jackson, Esq., of this city, Com
missioner for that State in Georgia, for the pur
pose of taking acknowledgments of deeds and
The Clinch Fire Company.
This fine and favorite Company made their
appearance yesterday afternoon in their showy
uniform of blue and red. and exhibited before
the United States Hotel to a crowd of specta
tors the power of their excellent engine in
throwing water. They played first through
one hose and afterwards through two; throw
ing beautiful jets to a height of over one hun
The Clinch No. 2, have in times of trial
proved tl»i mselves something better than a
company of holiday heroes, and will, should
the occasion arise, show themselves ready to
take the shine off their new uniform by real
work, and free con act with fire and water.
We are pleased to witness so much esprit
de corps among them. I: is an excellent
guarantee to the community of their continued
usefulness.—[Constituiionalis- of yesterday.
The Whigs of Wilkinson county have ap
pointed as delegates to the coming convention
for Governor. Joel Desse, Gen. J. B. Bostwick
and N. A. Carswell.
Machinery for Georgia Flour Mills.—
The Engine, boilers, and machinery complete
for an extensive Flour Mill, in Greene county,
arrived in our city from Philadelphia two days
I since, consigned to Messrs. Heard & Davison,
and were forwarded by Rail-Road yesterday
These are intended for the Penfield Steam
Flour Mill, which is to be one of the most
complete and superior establishments of the
kind in our State.—[Constitutionalist, 16th
The Sonthern Banner, the Co
lumbus Times aud the Cousti
tatieualist. i j./
All of these papers have evidently been try
ing to entice us into a controversy which we
never sought, and, into which we do not intend
to be drawn. So far as onr own opinions, de
clarations and positions go, we are always
holding to the South, and hence
the repeated calls upon us of the Southern
Banner, io count with it, Whig Anti-Wilmot
Proviso, and Democratic Anti-Wilmot Proviso
noses at the North, are gratuitous am out of
place. The Banner and one or b > other
Democratic papers appear to speak as if we
had backed out from some position assumed
by us. We simply denied the truth of the
statement, that Mr. Stephens had admitted the
constitutionality of the Wilmot Proviso, and
that the Southern Whigs would soon admit
the same. .We asked for the proof. None has
been furnished. The Times of the Bth inst.
“ It seems to us a very easy matter to place
the Editor of the Republic in a position which
will compel him to admit one of the three fol
“ Ist. That Mr. Stephens believes the Wil
mot Proviso constitutional—or 2d, that he must
abandon the positions assumed in his speech
of 7th August—or 3d, that he holds two opin
ions that are convadictory.
“ Mr. Stephens admits that Congress can
legislate upon the subject of slavery in the
Territories. By what authority do they legis
'He 7 Is it by the general power delegated to
legislate upon the subject without restriction 7
If so, then it follows, as a matter of course,
that such legislation, either for or against
slavery, would be constitutional 7 Is it under
a specific and limited power like that in the
case of post offices, post roads, &c., and that
guaranteeing religious liberty when Congress
is bound to legislate for, but cannot legislate
against 7 Then the Constitution establishes
slavery in the Territories just as much as it
establishes religious liberty, and security of
person and property, and we have therefore
the right to carry slaves there, and Congress
is bound to legislate for our protection, and of
course the Wilmot Proviso is a violation of
the Constitution 7
“But Mr. Stephens cannot avail himself of
this position, nor his friends for him, for he
says the Constitution recognizes slavery only
where it exists by the local law of the place,
that although it guarantees the right of taking
a slave, if he escapes into a free -Slaw, yat-ii.
the owner t/kes him there voluntarily, he is
free. Now, it will be recollected that Mr.
Stephens contends also that the law of Mexi
co abolishing slavery in the Territories, is still
in force; therefore, according to Mr. Stephens’
position, if a man shall carry a slave into Cal
ifornia, he is free. Now can Mr. Stephens
believe that a man loses his property in the
slave, by carrying him to California, and yet
believe that the Constitution gives to Congress
a one-sided power over the subject 7 The
Republic, with all his zeal, will hardly con
tend for this. Before Mr. Stephens can take
this position he must abandon all the positions
of his speech of the 7th of August, or hold
two opinions contradictory of each other.
“There is another ground upon which it
may be contended that the Wilmot Proviso is
unconstitutional—and that is that Congress
has no right to legislate upon it at all. Mr.
Stephens cannot avail himself of this position,
nor can his friends do it for him, because he
has said that Congress can legislate upon it—
he has done more, he has said that we cannot
carry slaves there until it does legislate upon
it, that without such legislation we are forever
barred from it.
“ Inasmuch, therefore, as it cannot be claim
ed for Mr. Stephens that he believes this to be
one of the subjects in favor of winch Congress
is required by the Constitution to legislate, nor
one of those upon which, for want of delega
ted power, it cannot legislate at all, we ask the
Republic how it will make out that Co' gre's
has the right to legislate upon the subject at
all, and has not the light to legislate on either
side, according to its discretion, for this is the
We tiius give the Times the full benefit of
its argument in our columns. Now, we un
hesitatingly say, that the reasoning of the
'Times does no: compel us to admit either of
his three impositions.
Mr. Stephens yields to Congress the power
to legislate for the admission of slavery’ into
New Mexico and California. But he does not ■
yield the correlative power against it. How
this position jnay be taken we have heretofore
illustrated. It is not necessary for us to do
so now, for the Tinies admits the correctness
.of- o« r posiriSTT - Buys ". 11 1 *
“ We admit also, that Congress has tin
power to legislate for particular things, and
has not the correlative power to legislate
against them, as in the instances pointed out
by the Republic.”
Mr. Stephens thinks that an anti-slavery
law is still in force in New Mexico and Cali
fornia, and that it should be repealed by Con
gress, in order that the Southern States may
enjoy their rights in those Territories. He
would claim legislation for tlie extension of
slavery, as an act of justice, and oppose tlie
contrary as derogatory to the equality of the
States, and therefore, unjust and unconstitu
The Wilmot Proviso is the very reverse of
this, for that would exclude slavery forever.
It is true, Mr. Stephens stated, that the con
stitution docs not establish slavery, but he con
tends, at the same time, that Congress should
; repeal the anti-slavery law, so as to permit
; Southerners to go to the new territories with
i their slaves.
i This the Times thinks is contradictory.
We understand Mr. S.’s position to be this,
i The constitution itself does not establish sla-
I very, but Congress, in the exercise of its pow
i ers may legislate it into existence. For in
j stance, the constitution recognizes the laws of
| Massachusetts against slavery, and Georgic
I in favor of it.
i Hence, as the local law, on the subject of
> slavery in the territories obtained of Mexico,
in Mr. Stephens’opinion, still exists, the court
in deciding a question between master and
slave, would find no justification in the consti
tutioj for deciding in lavor of the master, as
j that instrument recognizes the local law. But,
i if Congress, in carryingout the great consti
i tutional principle of equality of rights were to
. repeal the anti-slavery law, then the constitu-
I tion and courts would recognize it in deciding
i a case as above stated.
; ' Hence, it will be seen that Mn Stephens’
views are not contradictory., We would have
it distinctly understood, that wo are arguing
now from Mr. Stephens’own premises. We
need scarcely say, tharwe differ with him, for
we have held all alongtfrit the constitution es
tablishes our rights, and the courts would so
decide, if Slaveholders were necessitated to
£±s igte l S;. 1
gress has no right to legislate upon the sub
ject at all, either for or against.
We have been reasoning, however, from
the premises of Mr. Stephens, uot our own, and
we draw this conclusion. Tiiat, he believes
the Wilmot Proviso is unconstitutional—thn
the constitution does not establish slavery any
where, but recognizes the local law—that
Congress has he p -.v ir to repeal a local an::
slavery law.and esis:. .■:> slavery in the ter lo
It Is risen a rioetjt that we are Compelled to
admit neither of the propositions of ’.he Co
The ‘ Southern limner charges us with
suppressing the truth, because we have apt
published the votes, speeches, &c. of North
ern democrats against the Wilmot Proviso
We expressly stated that some Northern dutn
crats had sustained the South. But what of
that, —what do those few vhtes amount to,
when the great majority in Congress and out
of it are against us.
The Banner knows that nearly every legis
lature in the nonslaveholding states,has passed
resolutions denouncing slavery, and its fu ther
extension by nearly unanimous votes of whigs
When the Banner states that we have sup
pressed the votes in Congress, the publication
of Northern journals and the speeches of dem
ocrats, it states what is not the fact. We have
published the votes in Congress on this ques
tion, since we have been publishing a paper.
We have not published the editorial# and'
speeches of Northern democrats, it is true, but
not from a wish to suppress them. We have
not been afraid to publish any thing upon this
question,but baveaiwdys been influenced in
making up our paper by the character of the
news and matter befere us, from which to
make selections for our readers.
.. Jj.Ja.liue that a .few ,CU itinerate- twted-iu.
Congress against the Proviso, but most of
them did so for fear of defeating the lerritoriai
bill if it were incorporated in it, believing a
the same time, as General Cass did, that slave
ry was already excluded from the territories
by law, and could pot go there without Con
gressional legislation in its favor.
The Banner quotes from us and proceeds
as follows :
Again says the Republic :
“What then if a few democrats, here and
there, are opposed to the Wilmot Proviso.—
They may oppose that, and still contend that
Southerners have no right to go wit!) their
slaves to the new territories because of a Mex
ican anti-slavery law.”
“And this is an argument of the Republic
to prode that Northern democrats are * unrelia
ble’—that they will not ‘do to trust’ on the
Wilmot Proviso ! Weil, but has not both Mr.
Stephens and Mr. Toombs told us the verv
same thing 7 Certainly. Yet the Republic
thought both of these gentleman ‘reliable’ and
they would at any rate 'do to trust!’ Did you
not, gentlemen 7 Do answer !”
We certainly think they will do to trust
when it comes to voting in Congress, whether
the South shall be admitted or excluded from
the territories, and we certainly think, that
Northern democrats will not do to trust at that
critical period. Some difference this, Mr.
Banner! Hence it will be seen that the North
ern democrats, and Mes-rs. Stephens and
Toombs, are on very different platforms. Has
the Banner forgotten that those gentlemen vo
ted against the Oregon Bill with the Wilmot
Proviso incorporated in it, while Messrs. Cobb
Lumpkin and Harralson voted for it.
Those gentlemen voted for the Bill we
know, in conformity to the Missouri Compro
mise line, but still they voted for it. That was
giving some aid and comfort to he enemy,
though we honestly believe, it was not so in
W J : Banner aome days
f”. . .....ur. « beraell, lto No ;<
I i-s. Tr . ays
riiri wilt d when it comes to ligt. in,-. We
say it .. do ue: »:*. Let each Stu:!- .... . v be
i ■ Let .
wii. ' ’ ' / .radation 1’: ..J';:;
Let me . . > - c- do this, and w t.; :<e
time for v. .j c ;me , ttie representatives .
the North win w more apt to do us justice.
If they will not act justly then, we would
never yield an inch, but would contend for our
rights in sweat and blood, if necessary, over
the grave of the Constitution and the Union
The Banner tells us that it never admitted,
that “the majority of the Northern Democrats
are against the South.” We so stated as an
inference, bnt we give the Banner the benefit
i of the correction, with the remark, that none
I are so blind as those who will not see.
. Partizan prejudice has very dull ears and
eyes. We have thought that a few of tlie
New Hampshire, Connecticut and Ohio demo
cratic free-soil thunderclaps bad opened tlwse
of the Banner.
It must, ere long, both see and hear them,
I and will be compelled lo swallow political gall
I and worm-wood. Let the Banner mark what
iwe now say. The Banner, Times, and Con
stitutionalist all, advise us to find out from Mr.
Stephens whether he thinks the Wilmot Pro
viso is constitutional or not, insinuating that
our efforts in his behalf may be labour lost.
Doubtless these papers would be greatly pleas
ed, if we were to question Mr. Stephens and
he should answer in the affirmative, but the
burthen of proof is upon them. They made
’ a charge—we denied its truth. It now de
j voices upon them to make it good. So far
I they have failed to do so.
We thouobt, from their whoops and shrill
t e r
! whistles, that they had started something, but
! after all it turns out to be nothing but a wild
I goose chase.
Augusta Insurance and Banking Company,., -pat.
Bank of Augusta, «
Branch State of Georgia, Anguuta,............. “
Bank of Brunswick, “
Georgia Rail Road, “
Mechanics’ Bank, *'
Bank of St. Mary’s,
Bank of the Statu of Georgia, at Savannah. .
Branches of ditto,
Marine and Fire Insurance Bank,Savani’ah, *•
BrafiWi of ditto, at Macon- *
Plant'!*' Bank,Savannah- •’
Central Bank of Georgia, **
Central R. R, & Bonk’g Company, Savannah, “
Charleston Banks- «
Bank of Camden, “
Bank of Georgetown, * “
Commercial, Columbia, 11
Merchants', at Cherr.w,- •*
Bank of Hamburg,.
IJTThc following rates of discount are far
small sums, and sold to our brokers -
Merchants’ Bank of Macon 5
Bank of Milledgeville, 2 a 5 dot
Alabama Notes, 2 a 4 dis.
North Carolina N'otea .' 2 a 3 dis.
Virginia 2 a 3 die.
NO SALE OR UNCERTAIN.
Commercial Baiikyf Macon failed
Bunk of Durion and Branches.
Bank of Columbus.
Chattahoochee Rail Road and Banking Company.
Monroe Rail Road and Banking Company.
Planters’ and Mechanics’ Bank, Columbus.
Exchange Bank, Brunswick,
Insurance Bank of Columbus, at Macon.
Phceuix Bank of Columbus.
-LL» H-l LL-L! ajMJ Si
Office of the Acocsta Republic, >
May 17. 1849. )
COTTON.—There has been a good do
maud, and for the light stock offering full pri- s
ce»are easily obtained. The receipts are ve- -.
ry light. Planters who have Cotton in store
in our market offer it very sparingly for sale.
i * lutfi d Ji
BJ; Middling Fail n 7J. Very little of
the latter description offering for sale.
CORN—Continues scarce, and will readily
command 62 a 65 cents.
FREIGHTS Our river is in good order,
a-d the boats are bringing up and carrying
.vn full f eights.
1 Qi'r : two of our cotempoiaries have hint-
:at th large: : umber of Whig gubernatori
aspi. .its Georgia. It is true a good
ly i.cifoer of name ', have been spoken of by
their respective friends We presume that so
few Democ. ii- have I a named for that of-
fice, out of re-pe t to Qovcruor Towns, who
has get-erally given st. .faction to his party.
Besides, cast' n. ■ ei. tb dan incumbent to
the r.cr of a s-cond heat ii not a second term.
Tosh .’, 'row itiv.ih Democracy in Alabama,
wepubl'-li . . foll jivi..,,.. i iineH, which are
found in the Montgomery Flag and Advertiser,
(Dem ) presented Ly their friends as suitable
Democratic Candidates for Governor of Ala
bama. It will be scon that there are lots of
Democratic Gubernatorial commodity in that
Slate. Here are the names:
“Gov. Reuben Chapman, Col. W. R. King,
Co). Walthall, of Perry; Col. Nat. Terry, of
Limestone; Hon. D. Coleman, of ditto; Col.
W. B. Martin, of Benton ; Col. Rose, and
Hon. S. W. Harris, of Coosa ; Col. Irwin,
and Col. Womack, of Greene; F. S. Lvon,
E-q., of Marengo; Gen. Walker,of Lauder
dale ; Col. Winston, of Suinter; Judge Bowie,
of Talladega ; Judge Collier, Judge Phelan,
, and Judge Pickens.
A New Leather Factory.—We learn,
that Dr. Sledge ot this city has rented for a
term of years the Kilburn Warehouse in ther
upper part of the town for the purpose ot con
verting it into a Leather Factory. Hitherto
very little leather has been made in Augusta
from the difficulty of procuring tan-bark.
Since the canal and railroad have
at ton, it has been found in.u
un extensive tannery. In this
desire our readers in Richmond and tliealH
joining counties, to b ar in mind that the ■
months of May and June are the best lime for
peeling bark from oak trees; and that the ar
ticle will briug a good price in this city. Per
sons clearing land should fell oak forests when
the bark can be turned into a handsome sum
Some one shonld start an extensive Shoe
Factory, and employ 100 servants that might
be found, who now earn less than it costs to
keep them.—[Chronicle and Sentinel.
The mob spirit in Montreal has not yet beer*
suppressed. On Wednesday last, while Lord
Elgin was dining, in- company with some of
the government officials, at Titus’ Hotel, the
house was attacked, by several hundred riot
ers, which resulted in the death of one of the
Gen. McDuffie.—On a recent visit to thio
distinguished patriot at his residence in Abbe
ville, we were gratified to find him improved
in health. He seems, at present to be entirely
free from physical pain—though unable to
walk without assistance. He manifests very
little interest in conversation of any kind ; but
with the exception of defect in memory, shows
that he still retains in clearness his powers of
mind.—[Edgefield Advocate, 9ih. inst.
Cannibalism in Fejee.—An exchange pa
per says : “The Fejee islanders indulge in the
delectable piactice of broiling and eating hu
man bodies, and they train their children to
the taste by rubbing the flesh over their in
fant lips This practice succeeds admirably,
according to a recent published account from
a missionary, for we find that the practice is
I general, and that a slice of humanity is better
i dished than any other kind of food. Some
of the F jeeans carry their epicurean gusto
! so far that they not merely kill and eat their
| e but live upon friends; and these are
I , > orn raw. The Chief of
. known to have a good suppiy..pf
u bis box, salted down, and has*'
o his daily food, seldom eating
fl sh. The flesh of women
he flesh of men ; and
:or i;. cc. ' .r:.> o-.des are before him,achild
Ist Mr. Hunts asserts,
ini tries confirm it, that the
i . ' - ro f -“''b'in ß no word for a
b v- •• y use, bakola, conveys
t- 'i ad. This is their war
i c ':,.0 my is slain and his
body to .1 : “11. n-1 ■! id body lo be eivten”
: —the word they use is bakola Tin y alsoaf-
Lfirm tluii , within the la -t lour years, fully one
fthotisand have been k Led within twenty miles
i of Vewa : and that they keep far within com
' pass when they say that, of these slain, five
I hundred have been eaten. There are proba-
I bly none who can read this account who will
I envy he Fejeeans their taste or wish to be
i considered in the catei'ory of their friends.”
In Eatonton. Ga. on Thursday evening, tho
10th inst. by the Rev. T. U. Wilkes, Rev. A.
E. Marshall, and Miss Adeline, only daughter
of Mr. Joseph Wilkes, all of Eatonton.
| “ Leaves have their time to fall,
I And flow’rs to wither at the north winds breath,
And stars to set —but all,
! Thou hast all seasons of thy own, O death!”
Departed this life, on the Ist of April, after
i a short and painful struggle, Mrs. Marian A.
I Fh-mming, in the 28th year of her age. The
■ pathway of life was a thorny one to her, and
( she greeted death as a welcome messenger,
i She leaves two innocents, and many relatives
and friends to lament her early departure. A
brother affectionately dedicates the-e few lines
to her memory. J. V. R., Charleston.
IS'At ens papers, and Temperance Ban
ner, Penfield, will please copy.
In Mansfield, La., on the 22d
Fields, aged about 27 years. <