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PAGES I To 8
M’ENERY SPEAKS ON
THE RACE QUESTION
Louisiana Senator Opposes the Resolution In
troduced By Pritchard and Says Unless the Negro
Vote is Restricted There Will Be Trouble
SAYS RACE QUESTION IS MOST
SERIOUS OF DAY.
TELLS OF DAYS .OF HEGRO DOMINATION
The Bestowal of Political Powers
Upon the Impersonal Mass Could
Not Be Justified Anyway.
Washington, Jan. 23 —Mr. MoEnery
(Dem., La.) delivered a speech in the
senate todav on the resolution of Mr.
Pritchard (Rep., N. C.) relating to the
proposed amendment to the constitu
tion of North Carolina. He said the
race question was one of the most seri
ous that had ever confronted the na
tion, and added:
“So far the best intellects of the south
have endeavored to find some remedy to
make the south prosperous, notwith
standing 1 the presence of a vast number
ot ignorant blacks; to make he social
position clear and defined in the separa
tion of the races and to place her on a
political basis that will insure stability
to her institutions; make the ballot box
the sacred depository of the liberties of
the people, instead of the charnel house,
when under negro domination they were
assassinated; to prevent them by means
of the ballot and superior numbers from
again getting control of the state and
inaugurating the era of terrorism and
corruption which prevailed under this
government from 1868 to 1877.
“The recollection of that period is
like a heliborn dream, and one Is al
most unnerved at the mention. It is the
darkest and most shameful period in the
history of the human race. The won
der now is that by force it was not
sooner terminated by an outraged peo
“Annul the legislation of Louisiana,
which has for its sole object advance
ment of both races, the progress of the
state socially, politically and industri
ally, and inaugurate again negro domi
nation in that state, the tragic period of
1876 will be re-enacted.
No Social Equality.
•"There never has been any disposi
tion on the part of the people of Louis
iana to deprive the negro of any of his
political or civil rights. There has been
aad will continue to be determination,
fixed and unalterable, to deny him so
oial privileges on equality with the
whites, to prohibit him from aspiring
to an equality in social life which na
Mr. McEnery said the suffrage article
in the Louisiana constitution was ap
proved by all citizens of the state.
* ’From the day that the negro was
disfranchised, ” said Mr. McEenery,
“and negro domination prevailed in the
state until 1876, when it was over
thrown, there was an era of corruption,
vice any tyranny, not equalled in ages.”
He reviewed this situation and then
■poke of the beneficial results of
white supremacy He said the regula
tion of the o aft rage in Louisiana did not
affect the negro a one, but a large num
ber cf persons wno had emigrated to
New Orleans since the civil war. It
was a dangerous power, unreasoning
and without intelligence, and had to be
controlled. He declared tnat the be
stowal of political powers upon the im
personal mass could not ba justified.
The exclusion of that mass was not a
violation of any representative law.
With reference to the proposed amend
ment to the constitution of North Caro
lina he said it did not exclude the negro
“He has the right, in common with
the white people,” said he, “on the
condition alike applicable to both races
that he can read and write, or that he
own a certain amount of real and per
sonal property. He is deprived of no
right of suffrage by the conferring of it
wtvxm. olass. ”
He maintained that the right to vote
*Kuld be conferred only by a state and
♦here was no restriction upon the state
ic persons it might admit to the elec
torate. He then said:
“There is nothing in the text of the
suffrage clause quoted to show that
there is any denial or abridgment of
the right to vote on account of race,
color or previous condition. The state
being the sole judge of the qualifications
of electors, can discriminate among the
illiterate as to electoral capacity.
“The opportunities for the south are
those of the nation. Let her alone and
her possibilities for the future can only
be conjectured. They are limitless.
- “The rapid industrial progress of the
THE ROME TRIBUNE.
DOUBLE TRAGEDY IN MACON.
Negro R -slsts Arrest and la a Fight
That Follows Two Fall.
Macon. Jan. 28.—James Harty But
ler, a notorious negro from North Caro
lina, was shot to dearh here yesterday,
but not until he had killed Armistead
Smith, an inoffensive old negro who
was standing near, and seriously
wounded D. Felman and John Reid,
both the latter yrhite.
During the disturbance some ten or
12 pistol shots were fired in the open
street and the affair created great ex
Butler was wanted for an attempted
assault on a negro woman, and when
approached by officers began to shoot,
with the result above stated.
The shooting occurred on Fourth
street, nearly in front of the union pas
senger station, and the fa -t that more
blood was not shed is regarded as a
SHILOH PARK BOARD MEETS.
Work to B<> Done by the Commission
This Year Mapped Oil'.
Chattanooga, Jan. 28—The Shiloh
National Military park commission held
a meeting at the Read House here to
day, those present being Colonel Cor
nelius Cadle of Cincinnati, Major J. H.
Ashcraft of Paducah, Ky., Hon. Josiah
Patterson of Mempnis, Major D. W.
Reed of Chicago and Albert Thompson,
the chief engineer.
The meeting was for the pnrpose of
mapping out the work to ue done this
year, and the engineer received instruc
tions to push the work of marking ths
battle lines and camps with iron tablets.
The commission has already spent
1150,000 on the battlefield and it is ex
pected that it will be ready for dedica
tion in two years.
Luiub''ruii-n In Jacksonville.
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 23.—Two i
hundred Indiana lumbermen, represent- ,
ing the Retail Lumber Dealers' associa
tion of that state, arrived here thia
morning. After breakfast they went ,
to St. Augustine, returning this after
noon. Tomorrow the party will enjoy .
an elaborate program prepared for them
by the board of trade.
Fire at Winterville G».
Winterville, Ga., Jan 23. Tha
most disastrous fire Winterville has evei
had occurred at 4 a.m., entirely destroy
ing McAlpin’s dry goods store, Dr. F.
W. Coil’s drug store and O. C. Feagin’s
grocery store. Loss between fB,OOO and
110,000, with no insurance. The fire is
supposed to be the work of an in
Connecticut Banks Failed.
Thompsonville, Conn., Jan. 23.—Ths
doors of the private bankinghouse of R. 1
D. and R. E. Spencer of thi- place wers 1
closed today. Simultaneously comet
the information that the doors of the
Robert E. Spencer bankinghouse of
Hazardsville, Conn., were also closed, i
The two banks are closely connected, i
National Guardsmen Meet.
Indianapolis, Jan. 23.—Representa
tives of the National guard of every
state in the Union are here in session
for the purpose of preparing a bill to 1
be submitted to congress that will give
the National guard of the United States
a larger appropriation and greater recog
nition by tne federal government.
A Cali to Prohibitionists.
Chicago, Jan. 28.—A call was issued
today for the prohibition national con
vention to nominate candidates for
president and vice president. It will
meet at the Coliseum, Chicago, Ills., at
10 o’clock a. m., on Wednesday, June
Alabumtao to V*t<kt Bbere.
Montgomery, Ala., Jan. 2ft.—W. BL
Bingham of this plaos has received no
tice of his appointment ae Heutenant tn
the Canadian volunteer service, with
orders to report at Ottawa ready to
leave for South Africa.
south 'X’Zt uhpossiore under negro cromT
ination. Restore to the negro indis
criminately the ballot and invest him i
with power, and there will not only be
a check to the progress of the south,
but the advantage gained will be lost.
“There can be no admixture of the
races. This is a law of nature. They
must work out their destinies on paral
lel lines, which cannot come together.
The Anglo-Saxon blood will always be
the superior. We are making the ne
gro’s condition better every day. We
regulate the suffrage because he is ig
norant and at present the majority of
the negro race has no electoral capacity.
"The question raised in the resolu
tion offered by the senator from North
Carolina is a judicial one. Congress
has the power, but it has not the righr
to declare any law or constitution pre
vislonal of apy state unconstitutional.” I
ROME, GEORGIA. THURSDAY JANUARY L 5 1900
Reports in the Case of
Matthews. Quay Prep
soiled to Senate
FIVE MEMBERS AGAINST GIVING
HIM A SEAT.
’IODB ABE FOB TBE PENHSYLJ ANR.S
. Five Members in Objection Say Gov - f
ernor Had no Right to Appoi’ I
’ After Failure of Legislate
Washington, Jan. 28 —Th ' i‘.s ’
of the committee on privilege., CJ ec- ’
tiona in the case of M. S. Quay, who
claims a seat in the United States sen
ate on the strength of an appointment '
from ths governor of Pennsylvania :
were presented in the senate today. i
The majority report, opposing the seat- 1
ing of Mr. Quay, was signed by Sena
tors Caffery, Pettus, Turley, Harris and
Burrows, the last named the only Re- i
publican signing it. The minority re- 1
Sort bears the signatures of Senators
loar, Chandler, Pritchard and Mc-
Comas, ail Republicans, and advocates
giving the seat to Mr. Quay.
The majority report first reviews the
circumstances under which Mr. Quay’s
failure of tiie Pennsylvania legislature
to elect a sen a: or. It then says:
“Atter a vacancy in the office of
United States senators occurs or comes
to pass, if the next legislature does not j
fill it, it continues to exist It is the
same vacancy, not a new one. Now <
the state executive is given power to
make temporary appointments m case
of a vacancy, not as long as it continues
to exist, but only until the next meet
ing of the legislature, which is then re
quired to fill the vacancy. This clearly
means that the paramount intention
to have the legislature choose the sena
tors is to prevail, and that, whenever
the legislature has had an opportunity
to fill the vacancy, either before or after
It occurs, the executive has do power to
“And when we take the phrase *if
vacancies happen by resignation or
otherwise, during the recess of the leg
isia are of any state,’ if we concede that
the general word ‘otherwise’ is not
qua tfied nor limited by the specific
‘resignation* and that it includes vacan
cies which are caused by efflux of time
and which can be foreseen, as well as
vacancies which are caused by a casu
alty or the happenings of an unexpected
event and which cannot be foreseen,
still it must be construed and defined
with reference to the balance of the
phrase so as to give effect to all its
parts; and it thus results that the va- |
cancy, no matter how it is produced,
mufet happen, take place, or begin
during a recess of the legislature; and
this of itself would be decisive against *
Mr. Quay’s claims. ’’
The minority report takes the oppo- '
site view. Quoting section 3, article 1
of the constitution, the minority says
that the failure of the governor to call
the legislature together to elect a sena
tor does not act to deprive the governor
of the power of appointment.
FARMERS IN MASSMEETING.
Resolve Not to Pay On r Ten Per Cent
More For Fertilisers.
Gkebnwood, S. 0., Jan. 28—The
farmers of Greenwood, in massmeeting, t
have decided not to buy fertilizers for
more than a 10 per cent advance over
last year’s prices, and have called on all
other farmers in the state to meet on
the first Monday in February and take
similar action. The following resolu
tions were adopted:
“Whereas, the prices of fertilizers are
being advanced arbitrarily through the
influence of a trust and to an extent not
justified by commercial conditions,
“Resolved, 1. That we, the farmers
of Greenwood county, S. C., hereby ap
peal to the farmers of the state and the
cotton states tu hold massmeetings at
tneir respective courthouses on the first
Monday in February, and that they
pledge themselves not to purchase ferti
lizers at an advance exceeding 10 per
cent over last year’s prices.
“2. That we regard 10 per cent ad
vance in prices of fertilizers as much as
the conditions justify, and we advise
farmers not to purchase any fertilizers
at more than 10 per cent advance over
last year’s prices. ”
Lumber l>e«*i«rs in session.
Kansas City, Jan. 23.—N&iriy i.oou
dealers from Missouri, Kansas and Ok
lahoma territory attended the opening
session today of the Order of Hoo Hoos,
or the twelfth annual convention of ths
■Missouri and Kansas Association oi
Lumbermen. Thursday the delegates
will take a trip to New Orleans and 1
visit the nvureas mills of I>anlslana. |
Enormous Crowds Hear
Opening Debate in
GALLERIES WERE CROWDED TO
UTMOST BY THE CURIOUS.
ROBERTS ATTRACTED IMDCH ATTENTION
, Many Ladies on Hand to Hear the
Debate on Utah Member--Wont
Washington, Jan. 23 Enormous
crowds were present today to witness
the opening of the debate in the Rob
erts case. Fully three-fourths of the
spectator i were women. They occu
pied the reserved gallery tier and their
bright gowns illumined the gloom of
the cavernous recess about the spacious
hall. The diplomatic gallery alone was
a yawning chasm.
Mr. Roberts was in the seat which he
has been occupying, on the extreme
right of the hall, half an hour before
noon, and every neck was craned to
Batch a glimpse of him. He appeared
sonscious of the attention he was at-
and after , <>▼«»
Sowu - benina the railing which divides
the floor from the looby. He was at
tired modestly in a long frock coat with
a dark tie.
Nearly every member was in his seat
when Mr. Tayler ot Ohio, chairman of
the special committee which investi
gated the case, arose from behind a
desk stacked high with legal authori
ties and manuscript and called up the
case. Mr. Tayler asked that the agree
ment made between the majority and
minority of the committee for a vote on
the case at 4:30 p. in. on Thursday be
ratified by tue house.
Mr. Lacy of lowa objected unless it
be understood that a substitute resolu
tion which he desired to offer should
also bs considered pending.
I To this Mr. Tayler objected. He also
objected to having Mr. Laoy’s proposi
tion read, although appealed to by Mr.
Bailey of Texas and Mr. Richardson of
Tennessee. This proposition, as it sub
sequently developed, was for the expul
sion of Mr. Roberts without swearing
The majority resolutions to exclude
him and the majority resolutions to per
mit him to be sworn in and then ex
pelled were laid before the house and
without any agreement as to a vote Mr.
Tayler of Ohio opened in support of the
AddrcM by Tayler.
i After a somewhat elaborate review of
the case, in which he cited supreme
court decisions on polygamy and quoted
the constitutional provisions, Mr. Tay
“Much is said about the moral side of
this question. Doubtless it has such a
side, and if that were the only consid
eration before us the house might take
the same action it will take. But I do
not here and now, in the face of the.
great fundamental fact of disobedience
to the law, plus audacious defiance of
it, care to assert the moral ground.
“Mr. Speaker, I do not hesitate to
submit this proposition to the candid
judgment of this house and before the
bar of history. I am profoundly con
vinced that it is right and that history
will so declare it; tne house can no more
safely part with this power than it can
part with any other power it possesses.
This touches its very vitality. If it
loses it, it is in certain conceivable in
stances absolutely without power.
••But we are told that it is a power
that may be abused. What power does
the house possess that it has not at some
time abused? What branch of the gov
ernment is it that having power has not
at some time abused it? What man,
what body of men, clothed with a little
brief authority, has been free from an
unwise abuse of that authority? And
shall they therefore be shorn of power? (
“It is a mighty question. It is a
question of governmental life; it is not ,
to be lightly dealt with or inconsider
atelv answered. ,
••The case of Roberts sinks into insig
nificance in its presence. I should as- (
sert, what I here assert, with precisely
the same solemnity, if the right of ex- !
pulsion after admission was absolutely
clear. If we do not exclude this man,
we strike down one of the most vital
and necessary powers that belong to a
great legislative body. Let not such a
thing be done. If it is not, we may be (
sure that never again, while the spirit
of civilization dominates this republic,
will any defiant violator of law under
color of religion or any other claim,
whether polygamist or murderer, knock
for admission at the door of the Ameri- ,
can congress. ” (
He Favors Exclusion. j
Mr. Tayler was emphatic in hisMJPr* 1
RUMOR OF ANOTHER
DISASTER TO BRITISH
Reports Current on Berlin Bourse and London Stock
Exchange That Buller Has Again Been Defeated
and That 1700 Men Were Captured.
BOERS UNDER A HOT FIRE.
Fourteen Killed and Twenty Wounded
on the Drnk'-nsb T«t Ridge.
Boer Camp, Upper Tugcia River,
Jan. 19 —The British now occupy three
positions along the Tugeia river. Their
naval guns have n firing steel pointed
armor pia. cin .• . ■>
Reports bvn r r ft. :vi.-d that 3,000 cav
alry were n'rm.>;iu to outflank n»
along the -herg riltre, a stroti"
patrol was sent to reconnoiter. Mistak
ing the signals, tue scours and patrol
proceeded to a kopje from whence a ter
rific rifle and Maxim gun lire sudd oilr
opened. The Boers lo*t 14 men kiLed
and 20 wounded. The Bntisa loss was
The bombardm mir of rhe Boer ne-'t
tious from Swar-’zkqpf was resumed
yesterday, chi-fl/ from a bw-jrv
brought across th- river On the after
noon the cannonading became exceed
ingly brisk un i rn ter < over thereof the
infantry advanced in tnree lines to a
second row of J-tie konies which they
occupied at nightfall, Ijut later they re
tired to their old position.
During the night a score of shells
were fired by the British and a balloon
was sent up to spy our, the Boer posi
tion. The naval guns resumed the
bombardment this morning from a new
point, bur without results.
’RcDICTS A EOER VICTORY.
U'-yiiis <• <j ta a XV 141 11
Doubled Her Army.
New York, Jan. 23.—The Brussels
correspondent of The World obtained
the following statement from Dr. Leyds,
the Transvaal envoy extraordinary in
Europe, before he left for Paris yester
day on his diplomatic mission:
“In view of the new and critical phase
into which the war is now entering, I
send to the people of America a few
words on the subject of any eventual
proposals in regard to the suspension oi
hostilities, a desire for which appears to
be gaining strength on both sides of the
“I am as confident as ever of the ulti
mate triumph of our cause. A tempo
rary success of the British arms would
merely have the effect of infusing fresh
vigor into our men and strengthening
their determination to hold out at what
“While the actual fighting strength
of both forces is only now about equal,
England might even double her army
now in South Africa without crushing
our powers of resistance.”
Americans Take Santa Cruz.
Manila, Jan. 23. The American!
have occupied Santa Cruz on Laguna
de Bay, Laguna province. It was re
ported many insurgents were concen
trated, but the town was found de
serted. The military regulation requit
ing the streets to be cleared of native!
at 8:30 p. m. has been changed to 1(1
Clark- For Senator Nlorgan.
Mobilb, Jan. 28.—1 n Olarke county
the convention delegates were T6X
Morgan and 38)$' for Johnston. Legis
lative nominees were instructed for
Morgan. Clarke's vote for governor
was prorated as follows: Stallings, 52;
tlons that exclusion was m trarmony
with precedents; expulsion in violation
of it. He amplified the three grounds
for Mr. Roberts’exclusion, first, because
of his violation of the Edmunds act;
second, because he was living in open,
flagrant and notorious violation of the
statutes of the congress he seeks to en
ter, and third, because his election was
a violation of the compact by which
Utah was admitted into the Union.
There were no demonstrations during
Mr. Tayler’s speech, but at the conclus
ion he was vigorously applauded.
Mr. Littlefield of Mi-souri, on behalf
of the minority of the committee, then
arose in support of the minority’s plan
of seating and then expelling Mr. Rob
It was Mr. Littlefield's first appear
ance in the house as a speaker and in
the vigor of his remarks he attracted
He declared that there was no divi
sion over keeping Roberts out of con
gress. The only question was as to keep
ing him out in an orderly and regular
manner. If the laws and constitution
were overridden now, then the way
would be open to override them next
year by excluding a member because
he was an adulterer or the representative
of a trust.
Mr. Roberts followed with intense
interest the points brought out by Mr.
Littlefield. After reviewing the fa
mous Wilkes case before the British
house of commons, Mr. Littlefield de
clared that the majority in the Rob
erts case were “resorting to the same
rnfamonsdnstrumsut of outrage and op
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BOER GUN SMASHED QUARTERS
OF WHITE AND HUNTER.
FATE OF IVO GEKEfIALS UKKNOWS
Accurate Shot From “Long Tom’*
May Have Killed Officers-Anxiety
in London is Much Greater.
Head Boer Laager, Ladysmith,
Jan. 22.—The quarters of Generals
White and Hunter were smashed this
morning by a shot from “Long Tom ”
It is not known whether any of the oc
cupants of the building were killed.
NO REPORT FROM BULLER.
Absence of N< ws increases the Anxiety
Loxnnv. .Tan 23 nf n—.
I ot yesterdays movements north ot the
Tugela river is occasioning some addi
tional anxiety, but General Buller is
in gaged in a big operation, which will
Jake considerable time to work out.
Even the slight advance of General
Warren’s forces, after two day’s fight
ing, does not appear to have yielded an
important advantage to the British, as
the captured kopjes were evidently only
held as advance posts in order to delay
the progress of the British troops and
enable the Boers to complete their en
trencements and to mount guns on the
position on which they have elected to
make a stand.
It is remarked that the Boers thus
far have used little artillery, from which
it is judged that their guns are already
mounted on tactical positions from
which the British will have to dislodge
the republicans before reaching Lady
There is no confirmation of the report
that Lord Dundonala had entered Lady
smith and none is expected. Experts
opine that the Boers would only be too
glad to let him in unopposed.
The indignation and disgust expressed
at the blunders and incapacity of the
yeomanry staff, to whom is aocribable
the rank failure threatening to over
whelm the movement started yrith such
a fanfare of trumpets, are increasing
daily. Those who were able to carry
the scheme to success have been met at
every point with red tape and all kinds
of obstacles and slights by the inner
circle of titled incapables, resulting in
scores of good men withdrawing from
participation in the plans.
In the case of South Bedfordshire yeo
manry a whole company of selected
men have disbanded m disgust.
The dispatches posted in the war
office up to 3 o’clock this afternoon,
though dated Spearman's Camp today,
contain nothing but reports of casual
There is nothing here to confirm the
report on the Berlin boerse of the defeat
of General Buller, or the rumor on the
Stock Exchange of this city of the cap
ture of two British battalions by the
Boers. The fact that General Baller
was heard from this morning, when he
sent lists of casualties to the British
troops, seems to disprove these stories.
HAY TO RECOGNIZE WHITE.
Kruger Will Have a Representative
at Wasbingtou City.
Washington, Jan. 23.—Montague
White will be received as the consular
and diplomatic representative of the
South African republic. The state
department has formally determined
upon such action. White has been
given intimation of this intention.
When he gets properly executed creden«
tials he will present them to Secretary
Hay and enter upon his official career.
The precedent for receiving Mr.
White is found in the case of the
United States consular and diplomatic
agent at Cairo, Egvpt, the only analo
gous case. Although Egypt is under
Turkish suzerainty, and the United
States has a minister at Constantinople,
a consular and diplomatic agent is ac
credited to Egypt.
Alb g Lynrller on Trial. '
Gainfsville, Ga., Jan. 23.—Tom
Bryson, charged with being implicated
in the lynching of Si Smith in the Hall
county jail last July, is on trial here. •
When nis case is disposed of three al
leged accomplices will be arraigned.