WILLI AIW E. JONES. AUGUSTA, GEO., THURSO AA' MORNING JAMJAR V 11, IBSH. [Tri-wcckly.]-- Vol. u.-. Ao 4.
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CHRP NIP LB AND SENTINEL.
Yesterday at 12 o’clock, the privilege of sub •
scribing for 1500 shares of the stock ot the Geor.
gia Rail Road and Banning Company, wore of.
fared for sale before the door of (he Banking
House in tins city. The Directors limited it at
two per cent, premium. Only 300 shares were
taken, at the following rales :
10 at per cent, premium.
2'lo at 5 ~ ~
50 at 2 „ „
The news from Canada grows every day more
and more interesting. We were of opinion at one
time, that the revolution was arrested, and the
patriots subdued, but recent events, and the pres
ent condition of matters, seem to render it not
improbable that the war has just begun, and that
we may be yet involved in it. The recent attack
upon, and destruction of the steamboat Caroline,
belonging to American citizens, and while lying
in an American port, by a party of British sol
diers, has kindled a flame of excitement along the
line of Canada, and indeed, throughout llte Slate
York, which nothing, we fear, hrt hi nod
can extinguish. It was certainly, a daring out
rage, to enter an American port, and murder the
crew and inmates of a boat, many of whom were
perfectly innocent of any violation of the laws of
neutrality. We refer our readers to the items ot
news from that quarter in to-day’s paper, in which
they may plainly sec the indications of the com
A letter from Vermont, to a member of Con
gress, says that preparations are making to recom
mence lire war in Lower Canada, and that agents
of the patriots of the Povince arc in the Slate of
Vermont collecting cannon, muskets, rifles, pow
der, ball «sec for tho purpose of once more setting
in motion the ball of hi ody revolution.
We do not profess to understand tho causes of
the revolt in Canada, but we suspect that they
have some reason to be disaffected. By reference
> to the remarks of Mr. Leader in the British Par.
liament, published in our paper this morning it
will bn seen that ho denounced the conduct of the
British Ministry towards Canada as “oppressive
and tyrannical” and calculated in tho highest
degree to produce a revolt.” This was before
they had received in England the news of the ac
tual bursting out the revolution, the events of
which we arc daily recording.
William D. Merrick, Esq. has been elected U.
S. Senator of Maryland, in place of the late D'r.
Joseph Kent, deceased.
By a slip from the Savannah Georgian of yes
terday, we have extracts from a number of letters
from Florida, detailing the tWtehded tfpcralione oV'
the different divisions of tho arrfy. These let
ters express different opinions as to the probable
result of the campaign. Wc give below iha
FRd.M . FLORIDA.
One letter dated Fort Dearborn, Doc. 22.
1837, states —“We are now at Lake Harney.
Cieneral llernadcz with the Tennesseeans,
onthe ek'ki side of the St. Johns, and Gen.
Eustis with the 2d dragoons and the 3d and
4th artillery. On the west side we have pas
sed a good many Indian villngcp, tiU they
have all been deserted, and the Indians have
doubtless gone further south.
Wc ore to go after them in n day or two,
that is to say, Gen. Jesup with the mounted
force will first proceed forward 1« join Col.
Taylor on the Kissimmee.
Another letter, from the same writer, da
toil Fort MeNtel, on , the Chjk-sa-hatchee.
(Dec. 28,1837,) says—“We have proceeded
so far.—The CtJiick-sa-hatchee is a small
creek which flows into the river St. John
south of Lake HanV*y', and also very consi
delnbly south of Fowl Creek.
The scouting parties returned this after-,
noon and report that innumerable trails are
seen all going south, and supposed to a big
cypress swamp, about 80 miles south of this
Beyond that the Indian guides with us say
that the enemy cannot live, in consequence of
the wet character of the country.
The Indians are, you will find fry a reference
to tho last map, completely hemmed in, and
the very judicious arrangement of the army
nowon the march from different points will
prevent, I think, tho possibility of their elud
ing us entirely.
They cannot go to tho west of the Kissirm
moe, as Col. Shaylor’s force will intercept
They cannot get to the cast of tho St. Johns
by the two crossings ot the river, one near
Lake Pickuell (named after Lieut. Picknell,
who discovered the same), and the other about
15 miles further up, as Gen. Hernandez’s
-force will prevent such movement, and they
cannot go west, as wo will intercept them.
Tims, you find, they are nearly “cornered.
Two weeks will, I think, determine the result
of the campaign.
W« were surreunded with Indian villages that
were abandoned, I presume, immediately after
our first expedition under Col. Bankhead to lake
1 Our command is in good health. Gen. Jasup
A is expected here to morrow.
Wc are now where white man never was before,
and, of course, every thing is more or less inter
esting to us.
But it is too laic, and I am fatigued, therefore
I must bid—good nigbt.
The regular forces are moving south. Gen.
Hernandez has re-crossed the St. Johns and
ia now retracing his steps east. The In
lians appear to be making, as their trails in
dicate, towards the “ Cnleicasas C/ia,” orbig
cypress,in the everglades. No hope, I think,
is, at present, entertained by tire mo.-t san
guine of finishing the war immediately.
Another letter from Fort Lane, (Lake Hen
ry, Dec. 23d, 1887,)—“Major Lomax with
two companies of tho 2d Kejjt. Dragoons,
anil a battalion of 4ti,i artillery, left Fort Mel
lon, eight tliys ago, to prepare the way for llie
mam army, and proceeded about 25 miles to
the Coslikeliatcliee, having made several
bridges, cut through hammocks, made cuta
FROM OUrt COnRKSPONDKST.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 5,183 S.
The President to day transmitted to both hou
ses of Congress a Message of a most important
character. He informs the National Legislature,
that “recent experience on the Southern Bounda
ry ot the United States, and events now daily oc
curring on the Northern Frontier, hiivc shown
that the existing laws are insufficient to guard
against hostile invasion from the United States,
ot the territory of friendly and neighboring na
tions. He suggests that the Executive ought to
be clothed with power to prevent acts of this
character, tending to disturb the peace of the
country, and involve ns in perplexing controver
sies with Foreign Powers, ami recoinmepds a
careful revision of the existing laws, and such ad-1
dilional enactments as may seem necessary to i
prevent the commission of these offendes either
by cbizens of the United Slates, or other persons
within the jurisdiction and under the control of
The Message was referred, in both houses, to
their respective Commiitees on Foreign Rela
tions. Mr. Clay and Mr. Calhoun expressed
their high satisfaction at the tecoinmendaiions of
the Message. The former, however, though ho
urged in tho highest manner, our obligations o*
neutrality, and dwelt on tlio disgraceful spectacle
which would be presented, if the citizen* of a
country should go to war, while the Nation itself
was at peace - expressed his hope that the Com
mittee wot;ld also lock into the Other side of the
question, and ascertain whether there had been
any violation of neutrality by the British, —who
ther any portion of our territory, or any disputed
territory, had been used for file transportation ot
troops, arms, or munitions of war. .
Mr. ftorvi'll of Michigan, find Mr. Pavia-of
Massachusetts, concurred ih what had been said
about nur obligations to neutrality ; but the latter
expressed his regret that tho notice which had
been taken of the collision with a slVong and pow
erful nation, had net also been taken of what he
considered an interference equally unjust and law
less, with the territory of a nation not so able to
Mr. Benton said that 'the Committee on Mill
tary Affairs were now engaged in preparing rhea- 1
sures to enable the E > eculive to prevent these
disturbances on the fronder. Among these mea
sures, was one for increasing the Mlitary Peace
In the House, the Message was referred with
out debate. But the subject matter of it was
brought up again in the course of the day, and
, gave .-sc to an animated and interesting discus
* . I*
Mr. Howard of Maryland - , Chairman of the
Committee on Foreign RelatiofiSj offered a reso-i
IntioH, calling on tho President for information
respecting the capture of the Mexican vessel of
war General Urrca, by the United Slates sloop of
war Natchez, and its subsequent rcstoratior. to
the Mexican Government. Mr. Adams moved
as an amendment, a resolution calling on the
Frcside.n for the fullest information in his posses- -
sion, ’Bspccting our neutral relations toth in the
North and South.
Mr. Fillmore, the member from Buffalo in N.
York, moved, another amendment calling on the
Picsident for all information ho may possess re
specting acts endangering the neutrality subsist
ing between this country and Great Britian, cith -
er by American citizens, or British subjects, on
the Canadian frontier, and what measures hare
boon adopted by tho Executive to presetve our
neutrality with Great Britain.
These resolutions opened tho whole field ; Mr.
Howard opposed ihe resolution of Mr. Adams as
unnecessary, but expressed his readiness to con
cur in that of Mr. Fillmore. All the members
fiom the No'rth, who look part in the discussion
which was of a conversational and rather desulto
ry character, in relation chiefly to the proceedings
and disturbances oa the Canada Frontier, com
plained that the President had taken no notice of
the violations of neutrality which had been com
mitted by the Canadian loyalists. No decision
was come to when, on motion of Mr. Rhett of S.
C. the House adjourned.
Mr. Preston of South Carolina, gaVe notice,
that he would, on the first Monday of February,
ask tho Senate to consider his resolution, propos
ing the annexation of Texas to the Union.
The resolutions of Mr. Calhoun are still undis
posed of. The third resolution was under consid
eration during the whole of yesterday and to-day.
Mr. Norvill of Michigan, moved to modify the
resolutions, so as to mako it assert tho duty ot the
Government io he, not to interfere with the sta
bility and security of the domestic institutions of
the South &c. instead of to give increased stabil
ity and security to those institutions. Mr. Cal* ’
houn opposed this amendment. He maintained
that it was the bounden duty of Government to
give this increased strength. Mr. Norvill ex
pressed his strongest reprobation of the proceed
ings of the Abolitionists; but, ho thought, there
was no necessity for any increased stability to
be given to tho institutions in question.
Mr. Preston objected to the generality of the
t erms of this clause, to which Mr. Norvill had ta
ken exception. There are some domestic insti
tutions, in regard to which ho emphatically denied
that the Government was bound to notice at all,
—even to uphold or strengthen them, —in regard
to which, his words to the General Government
would always be “Hands Off'” He contended
that the terms of the resolution made a conces- 1
sion of power, which would be most dangerous. I
Look at its consequences 1 There is a State Col-!
onizalion Society in Maryland ! He asked his |
colleague, whether the General Government was :
bound to give additional sacurity and stability to j 1
Mr Calhoun, in reply, said that what he meant
by domestic institutions, were those that rested
on the reserved rights of the States; and all such,
ho maintained, the Government was bound to
foster and support.
Mr. P. proceeded, after this explanation. This
admis-ion of Mr. Calhoun confirmed him in his
opposition. He contended that the professed pnr
pose of the whole of these abstractions—that
which alone recommended them to his support —
the prevention of intermeddling-wits completely
overthrown by the principles now proclaimed.
Consider the power to interfere at all, and a pro
lific source of mischief is opened—who is to de
termine what may destroy, and what may pre
serve. Ho wanted no interference of any kind;
and he maintained the right of the slates to re
sist the incumbrance of its help. There is a large
anti-slavery society in the state of New York;
| suppose thit legislature should give a charier of
incorporation to this society. What then? Must
additional energy he given KOtI All ho wanted
was that the government should keep olf. Ho
! dreaded and distrusted all interference. Mr.
1 Hubbard ol New Hampshire, suppoilod the
amendment of Mr. Norvcll, and at his earnest
request, Mr. Calhoun withdrew itis opposition
and accepted the modificaiion. Mr. Smith of In
diana, than offered a proviso that nothing in the
resolutions should ho held to contravene the priu
| ciplos of (he Declaration of'lndcpimuence.of free
dom of speech, and the press, and of petition,—
that the Union must he preserved; that on the
canlrury, that the Senate expressly recognizes
Mr. Calhoun denounced this ns an indirect at
tempt to dofeat his resolutions. The proviso, ho
maintained went beyond the constitution and
above. The debate then assumed a desultory
character. Air. Alon of Ohio, offered a proviso
as a substitute for Mr. Smith’s, declaring that
nothing in the resolutions should he held to im
■ pair the freedom of speech and of the press, and
the right of petition. Mr. Calhoun said he
- would accept this as an amendment. Mr. fhes
tmi deprecated all resolutions of this kind. There
were abstractions enough, he thought, in the
resolutions themselves. He did not wish this
great question to be covered up in a shroud of
gcnerali ies. Mi. Buchanan then moved to ad
journ, which motion was carried.
To-day the amendment of Mr. Allen of Ohio,
was adopted ayes 32—noes 14. Mr. Morris
then offered tin amendment, asserting the tight
i to discuss any subject, political, moral, or reli
gious, or the nature of man its born free and in •
dependent. Another heated hut desultory debate
arose on this point. Mr. Benton moved to re
fer the resolutions to a committee. Mr. Cal
houn slrenously opposed this motion. Mr. Pres
ton and Mr. Rives also opposed it; and finally
Mr. Benton withdrew his proposition. No de
cision was come to, at the time it became notes
sary to close this despatch. The senate will
probably hold a long session to-doty. M.
From the A. I’. Com. Adv, Jan. 5.
LATER PROM ENGLAND.
Since our last publication several packets have
arrived from Europe. Last evening the Sheri
dan, Capt. Fierce, from Liverpool, whence she
sailed on the Kith of November —the Charle
magne, Captain Itichardson, ftom Havre, hav
ing sailer} on the same day.
This morning the Gladiator, Capt. Biitton,
arrived from London—sailed on the 13 h; and
the last and latest is the Washington, Capt Hoi
dredge, from Liverpool, having sailed on the
25th es November, —one day rfler her regular
time. By Capt H. the editors of the Commer
cial Advertiser have their regular (ilos of Loudon
papers to the 241 h and Liverpool to the 251 h,
The commercial intelligence by this arrival is
of the most cheering nature. Cotton rose in the
tetj days previous te the 24ih November, nearly
one penny per lb, and the advance was maintain
ed a t he latest dales.
A letter from a ship master, dated Liverpool
24th November, stales that freights were good,
and cvety thing looked in a flourishing condi
The George Washington has brought out a
'special messenger, with despatches for his ex. I
celleucy the British minister at Washington.
The Pennsylvania arrived at Liverpool on the
23d November. She sailed from this port on the
Bth of that month. I
The England arrived out in sixteen days, and t
the United Slates in seventeen.
Parliament was opened pn Wednesday the ,
15th of November, by commission, “the open- |
iug was merely formal. In the House of Lords ,
littlo was doffb besides administering the oaths to ,
such peers as were present. In the House of .
Commons the right hon. dames Ahercromhy was ,
On the 16th the Commons attended at the bar
of the upper hohso, am! the appointment of the ,
speaker was declared by the Lord Chancellor to ,
have received the Queen’s approbation. There- ,
maining days ol the week were occupied in both (
houses, by the administration of the oaths. j
On Monday the 20lh Parliament was opened .
by the Queen in person, with the same observan- „
cos as on the former occasion. ,
The entrance of the Commons was attended )
with much noise and confusion. Several rnctu- r
hers had thair coals torn, and all were greatly in- ;
convenienccd,in the process ol crowding through c
the na.row passage leading from one chamber to
the other. r
The oath of declaration was then administer. s
cd ip the Queen, being written on a large sheet e
of parchment, which was spread upon a small a
table covered with velvet and richly gilt. It is ,j
in the following words. 1
‘•I, Victoria, &c., do solemnly and sincerely, h
in the presence of God, testify and declare, that I
do believe that in the Sacrament of the Lord’s »
Supper, there is not any transubtantiation of the 1
elements of bread and wine into the body and I
blood of Christ, at, or after, the consecration t
thereof by any person whatsoever; and that the i
invocation, or adoration, of the Virgin Mary, or t
I any other saint, and the sacrifice of the mass, as s
1 they are now used in the Church of Rome, are <
superstitious and idolatrous. And Ido solemnly I
in the presence of God, profess, testify, and dc- t
claraliun, and every part thereof, in the plain and (
[ ordinary sense of the words read unto mo, ns they I
arc commonly understood by English Prole-lants i
without any evasion, equivocation, or mental r« i
setvahon whatsoever, and without any dispenia-* |
[ tiou already granted roc for this purpose by the '
Pope, or any other authority or person whalsoov.
I er, and without thinking that 1 am. or can he,
| acquitted before (ioil or man,or absolved of this
j declaration, or any pan thereof, although llio
Pope or any other person or persons or power
whatsoafcrr, shall dispense with or annul the
same, or declare that n was null and void from
Immediately after tho declaration, the table
was removed, and the Speech was placed in the
Queen’s hand by the Lord Chancellor, which she
read, the papers say, with enpflciaßon, ny so dis.
linol u lone of voice, and with such accurate
emphasis, that every syllable was perfectly audi
ble in the most distant part of the house.
f oaroa, Nov. SO, 1£37.
OPENING OF PARLIAMENT.
The Quceu’s Speech.
Her Majesty, the Queen, proceeded If! state to
day, to open the first parliament of her reign
The forenoon was line, and drew together con
siderable crowds to view the procession along
the lino of road leading from the palace to tho
loyal entrance to tho homo of Lards. Her
Majesty was received with tho utmost enthusi
asm, and on her arrival at the House, having
robed, &c., and the House, of Commons having
been, Himimoned in the customary manner to the
bar of fne house of Lords, Her Majesty read the
following Speech from the Throne: —
My Lords and Gentlemen,
I have thought ic tight to assemble you for the
transaction of public business, at the earliest *on-
I venient period after the dissolution ot tho late
It is with great satisfaction that I have re
ceived from all foreign powers the strongest as
surances of their friendly disposition, and of their
earnest desire to cultivate and maintain with mo
the relations ( of amity, and 1 rejoice in the pros
pect VhSt \ shall be able to promote tho best in
terests by securing to them tho advantage" of
1 lament that civil war still afflicts the kingdom
of Spain. 1 continue to exercise with fidelity
the engagements of my crown with the queen of
Spain, according to the stipulation »of the treaty
of quadruhlo alliance.
1 have directed a treaty of commerce, which 1
have concluded with the united republic of .'Peru
and Bolivia, to he laid before you, and I hope
soon to he able to communicate to you similar re
sul s of my negotiations with other powers.
1 recommend to your serious consideration the
state of the province of Lower Canada.
Gentlemen of the House of Commons,
The demise of tho crown renders it necessary
that a new provision should he made lor tho
civil list. 1 place unreservedly at your disposal
those hereditary revenues which were transferred
to the public by my immediate predecessor, and 1
have commanded that such papers as may ho ne
cessary for the full examination of this subject
shall he prepared and laid before you. Desirous
that the expenditure in this, as in every o'hcr
department of tho government, should he kept
within due limits, 1 feel confident that you will
gladly make adequate provision for tho support
of tin; honor and dignity of the crown.
The estimates for the services of next year arc
in course of preparation, and will 1)0 laid before
you at the accustomed period. I have directed
that the utmost economy should be enforced in
every branch of the public expenditure.
My Lords and Gentlemen.
The external peace and domestic tranquility
which at present happily prevail, are very lavora
hie lor the consideration of such measures of
reformation and amendment as may he necessary
or expedient, and your attention will naturally
he directed to that course of l< gislalion which
was interrupted by the necessary dissolution of
: the last Parliament.
Tho result of the inquities which hive boon
made into the condition of the poor in Ireland
has been already laid before Parliament, and it’
will bo your duty to consult whether it may not
he safe, and wise to established by law some wefl
regulated mrtnh of 1 elTc'f Tor the destitute in that
country. tl ,
The municipal government of the cities and
towns iq Ireland calla for better regulation.
The laws which govern the collection of the
titho composition in Ireland require revisoft and
amendment. Convinced that the better and
more effectual administration of justice is among
tho first duties of a sovereign, I request your
alter.lion,to ,thos« measures which will ha submit
ted toycu for tho improvement of the law.
You cannot hut ho sensible of the deep im
portance of those question* which I have submit
ted to you, and of the necessity of treating them
in that sprit of impartiality and justice which
affords the best hope ofbringng them to a happy
and useful termination. In meeting this Parlia
ment, the first that has been elected under rny au
thority, I am anxious to declare my confidence in
your loyaliiy and wisdom. The early age at
which 1 am called to the Sovereignty of this
kingdom, renders it a more imperative duly that
under Divine Providence I should place toy re
banco upon your cordial co-operation, and upon
the love and affection of all-iny people ”
The House then adjournal until tho evening.
At the evening meeting the address in answer
to the speech was maved by the Duke of Sussex,
and seconded by Lord Portrnan.
In the course of his speech the royal duke ad
verted to Ike affairs of Ireland, arid expressed his
confident hope that the measures proposed hy
government for the conclusion of tho questions
connected with that part of the kingdom, would
receive the support of tho Duke of Wellington—
alluding to the declaration by that illustrious per
sonage, of hia sincere wish to have them settled.
The Duke of Wellington in reply said: I
My lords, I ,have great satisfaction in rising
upon this occasion to give my assent to the ad- (
dress moved by the illustrious prince opposite, in
answer to the speech delivered by her Majesty (
from the throne. My lords, I have so little oh- |
jeclton either to that, gracious speech, or to the (
address moved try tiro illustrious prince, that I
should have thought it unnecessary to address (
~ne wordtoyonr lordships upon the subject, if it
had not been for the purpose of expressing my ,
respect to her majesty and likewise for the illus- <
trious duke who has moved the address on this |
occasion. (Heir.) j
I shall certainly follow flic example of his ,
royal highness, and of the noble lord who has ,
seconded the address, in making no observations i ,
either upon the speech or address, which can in
any manner occasion any iiritalion of feeling or
difference of opinion on the part of any noble
lord on cither side of the house. (Hear, hear,;
My lords, I sincerely congratulate your lord- j
ships that upon this first occasion upon which J
her Majesty has addressed the parliament called ■
by herself, it is in the po vet of this house to re- j
turn an answer.to her Majesty which shall be, r
unanimous. (Hear, hvar.) It is impossible |
that any noble lords could have addressed them- | f
s „ive» to yot r lordships with more judgment and | j
discretion than the illustrious prince and noble!,
lord who last address you have displayed on this j
occasion. (Hear, hear.) My lords, I hope that, ,
during every moment of the remaidcr of mjr h r e 1 j
I shall witness the prosperity of her Majesty’s (
reign, ami her individual happiness. ('Loud : ,
cheering.) I can say no morn, my lords, to ex- (
press my feelings toward that illustrious indi- ! (
vidua). Cheers, ! ,
My lord.-, 1 likewise recollect tho expressions j
to which the illustrious prince bis adverted, and
which foil from meat the termination of the last
session of Parliament. My lords 1 have not
by any moans changed my intentions upon those
subjects; and 1 will only upon this occasion add,
that those subjects huvo been adverted to in the
speech from the throne, and also in the address
moved by the illustrious prince, and seconded by
the noble baron, in such a manner as so facilitate
the intention of which I spoke Inst session.-
(Cheers,) 1 will not trouble your lordships far
ther, except to express my anxious hope that 'his
address will he allowed to.pass unanimously..
The address was then agreed to, and was
ordered to he presented with the usual forms.
lit the House of Commons, notice ol a motion
y br the repeal of. the corn-laws wan given by Mr.
Villars, to be brought forward oh the Ist of March ,
Mr.Talfourd gave notice of s. motion on the sub
ject of copy-right.
The report of the committee appointed to
frame the address in -answer to the speech was
then brought up, hut before it was adopted Mr.
Leader rose and made a long speech on the sub
ject of Canada, taking the same ground that tyas
occupied a former sessions by Mr. ftoehucit. Ho
also enlarged upon the subject of Parliamentary
Mr. Leader said that the declaration of the co
ble lord that he wiold not consent to a reform in
the representative system, had taken from refor
mers all hope. That declaration was ill-timed
and most ~ > atal to the administration of which th
noble lord was mumbur, and he must not be sur
prised if it deprived them ot the confidence of
the representatives of the people. /'Hoar, hear.)
The eager joy displayed by thu party opposite
was a convincing proof of this; thsy hailed the
noble lord as a partisan of the compact between
two portions of the aristocracy, which hail never
received the sanction of the people.—(Latiglucr
from the opposition.)
Ho denied that the pnoplo were actuated by a
mere desire of change; (hoar, hear; ) and as to
the ridicule, he said that the people were as de
termined to have the reform of the reform act as
they had been to have the reform hill itself. They
succeeded in that —why should they fail now 1
There was now no hope of popular measures from
(lie present government. The hon. member then
adverted at some length to the slate of Lower
Canada, contending that the measures adopted
toward that country had been such as to goad a
quiet, mo.ul, religious and peaceable people to
the very verge of revolt. They were promised
conciliatory measures, hut the resolutions of last
session were called conciliatory, and yet (hey had
been received in Canada ns they deserved to he,,
with indignation atM hi tier animosity.
The proceedings of the colonial government
had been most arbitrary and tyrannical, and scv.
era! meetings had been held in Upper Canada at
which the inhabitants had resolved to make com
mon cause with their brethren. When a
movement oflroopg was announced in t|ie news
papers, (he question was added, “Where |w-l '
they he in the spring 1” The people were being
drilled to arms in voluntoei companies under mi
litia officers: there were constant alluvion in the
papers to the Ameiican war of independence,
shewing how the British troops had been met
and discomfited; —every tiling betokened a re
volt, unless the obnoxious resolutions were with,
drawn, and the just demands of the Canadians
From the N. T. Fvemn g Herald ./an. !i.
SEVEN DAYS LATER STILL! !
Our worthy friend Captain Cobb, has just ar
rived in his splendid vessel the Hibernia, from
Liverpool, anil has favored us with the Liverpool
Journal of the 2d of December, seven days I ater
than (he dates iu another portion of our paper
-fc Don Carlos is exasperating the minds of his
own partisans by his severities. His nephew, the
Infant Don -Sebastian is in disgrace.
Tlie of Portugal lias succeeded in ran
struc'ing h cabinet. Sen. Ilaudciar is at the head
of it ,
Espartern has pul to death 1* soldiers convict
ed of fomenting (ho disturbances in which Gen
eral Saisfield was recently murdered.
Correspondence of the .V. Y. Herald.
BUFFALO, Monday Eve. Jan I, 1838.
James Gordon Bennett, Esq.— Dear Sir: late
last evening a company of fifty volunteers arrived
from Calaraugus, nilly armed, and hringiti/k ,'w/th
them a niece 61 artillery, designed for Navy Is
land. They report that there are more coming
from the same quarter.
Our city looks to day more war like than ever.
I never saw at the north so fine a day for the
season. It is more like May than Japgafy. j
went to the house to bask iu the sunshina and
view the glittering lake and surrounding pros
pect. Now and then the sound of distant cannon
came upon the ear; all around «as like one
grand military holiday. The roll of the drum,
the maitial tread of the city guard, sounded like
notes of preparation, while the Militia of the sur
rounding country, many hundreds of whom
have arrived to day, make us look still more war.
like. * * I would to heaven yon eould
see the regiment from the south towns, that ar.
rived at noon, with their baggage wagons and
camp eipiippagc. Falstafls ragged regiment will
not answer for a comparison. Yet they say they
will fight like tigers. They ars just such men
as look Fort Erie in the last war. There is no
news from the Patriot camp hut that of acres- 1
sion to -heir numbers. Many are anxious for
Van Renselaer to abandon his position, come to ;
this side, and invito the Canadas under the U - r
Plates (lag, for our people are determined on ;
having a fight. They are mustering from one ■
end of the state to the other.
The American frontier is now closely guard
ed, which must be excessively annoying to the (
loyalist troops, inasmuch as they are deport t
dent mostly upon, our people for their porvisions-
The foundries in the city aro it work Right am! !\
day, casting ordnance, halls—grape <stc. n
I hear the watchword of the assailants of the ,
Caroline, “No quartet;,.no prisoners,” at every
corner. A company of Indians from Canada have B
boon taken prisoners. They were among those
in our neighborhood trying to get up an insur- 1
rection, it was suspected; .and the chiefs sent to
the city informing tho aurhoilies and requesting '
to have thorn taken care of.
Respectfully, &c. I
P. S. Another regiment has just arrived, amid 1
the cheers of the populace. We are truly getting (
to a pretty pass.
From the ,V. O. Pieai/une.Jan. 4.
Tremendous Conflagration ! I (
At this moment, 11 o’clock Wednesday ,
night, a destructive fire is rogmg in our city. I
It broke out about ton o’clock, in that row of '
five story stores,Jsituated ,on Front Levee, '
just above Bienville street, commencing in '
the warehouse of Ferguson ami Parker—how f
it originated, we could not learn, in a short t
tihio it extended tc tho stores of Ddassus Ac “
Montreuil, Winston & Shall, S. Locke &. Co. J
and the adjoining buildings on Front Lever / ,
the breeze being fresh from the South East, N
tho flames extended across the entire block to a
Old Levee, enveloping all the fores, offices, i 1
and other tenements on that street, from
LJtcntil e to Custom House street.
Since penning the above, the fire has cro*.
sen over Old Levee, and seized upon several
stores situate on the lower sideofithat street.
I or u lime it was lb ought it would extend to
Uiaitrea street; but through (he active exer.
lions of the difibront, companies, it is greatly
ebeckcdmihatn'-arter. On the upper side
0 | r Lovoo street, it continues with unaha-
[ L( IJI T’ i" 11 (l| i I 1 rent Levee, its progress hag
, 11 1,1 reHlcd, Fears are qmertaincdi that
the whole ol thi’ Cloak bounded by Front
frevee, Bienville. Old Levee, and Custom
House Wjll bo dcaiprved. The sparks and cin
dors are nyingaboct, in tbo moat alarming
manner, to a great distance. , ~ , ,
We <;an/orm.uo estimate of the loss, hut
it is immense. We nave beard several re
mark that it is the greatest fire that has ever
occurred here. Tins calamity, coming go
soon afier the many severe blows which our
city lias sustained, will be, severely felt.
At 2 o’clock this morning, Thursday, the
fire was in a great moasurefEubdiied—leaving
four or five stores on the no per side of OM
I Levee, nearest Custom Mouse. On Front
Levee, still more are uninjured.
In the burry and contusion we can hardly
tell who has suffered. The office of the Lou
isiana Advertiser was entirely consumed,with
eiffbl or ten stores on the same side-of the
Old Levee and that of Morris, Sniffer. & Co.
opposite. Further particulars in our next, a
LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET, NOV. 24. !”
Tho demand fop cotton intho earlier part oftha
wouk continued unabated hath on speculation and
from the trade, and thetransaciiuii* up to Wedno»-
day evening were very large, and at nh at)v«nn«
genernlly in American descriptions, exfouiinir f ur
best., ol fully id per lb., and in Brazils, Kgyiptiaii
and Last fulfill, id to id per b. The bnainoss.to
day amt yesterday has been upon a much mora
limited scale, and prices u lilt lu fowar; hut the ad
vice* inst received from the United Slates and lit*
Kusi Indies, which are of a very recent dale, rod
him all the previous accounts of tho short supply
immediate y lo be expected. Tins (act, connected
as it is wiilh a very mmlernto stock on band, and a
better slnlo of irailo in the country, affords confi
doneo to holders. ( ( . ,
Tbo imports o( tho we ft hrnoimt to 13,718 bags
1 he sales ul the week, including ficOD American’
MM) Pernnm, loon fllnrunharn, 20U0 Kgyptian, and
MluO -Viirut, purchased lor speculation, amount tu
J7,56U baga, viz; 351) >ea island 14 a 28J;, 30
slaoied do 5a Gi 8712 Upland do; 2500 Alabama
7 a 81il; ‘.iUGOAtnwOrloans.il nNi; 2010 Pnrnmu
bnca Hi a I0J; OHO Bahia and Macao 7J a 0* 2144
Maoinban Gs n 10; 00 liemnrara Ate. Oaf if- ipo
West India Ac. 7 a 8 1-2; 7..0 Lngnira (i n *i;’2G4o
Kgypiain a 13; 7850 Surat and Madras 4 a (Vi.
■S'lork 1(.0,270 bales, agonist 237, 200 balsa last
year at tins date.
IMPORT AND EXPORT KIIOM THE WHOLE KINODO*
Import up to Ibis date ,1837 1H36
I American, 700,407 bag*. 716 795 b
West Indies. 22 202 27 87T
Kgypimn, 40 400 31|062
Ka»l India, 141,740 170,624
Total, 1,101.032 1,000, 00*1, >,5|
I Dial export ,j|. to tins dale 1837, bags 124 500
7'.,ml export for 1 3HG. 108,000.
Jlec I—l ho demand in the early part ofllio week
si ill continues upon the same comrncied eeATn that
wo remarked in our last, and |hu market rather de
' lined than olhorwiso ; so that up la WVAYi'rtdaK
when an ullornt.iili look 'place, nod iho enquiry be
gun in revive, there (mil been a bill from llintday
week, of fully id per lb. i'iiis if. prossion was, huw>
over, ol short iliiraiii.it, and the business yesterday
noil more particularly to-day, has been transact.,/
wnb such a degree of spirit, as with the reduce!
stock oil lotion now on band, has caused prices In
advnnco Jd per lb. from the lowest point. The
sales ol the week ure less extensive than bad been
nniii ipnlcd, (ml the market dosed (irmli, and tU
rpmrnily offering is linnled. 500 American, .150
f.gypimn, and 1000 Surat have been purebnVod cm
sp eiilv.iiou ; loop American, 2(H) ll,ibis’ LOOO KsvAv
linn, mid 300 Surat Were iorwnnled inlii the, country
unsold during last monlb. The sales of the week
aro a 12,010 hags
HAVRE MARKET, NOV. 15
( attorn. 1 here has been no ebangu worth noli-
Cinp in mir rates lor this article, since our Inst re
port ol ibe 7ib n,Siam 7’lm principal sellers bay*
b. en tne ogams m ih ß United Slates Hank st lhi«
port, who have disposed of f,300 bales. Upland, frat
eeived on account of that ejrtalisliinenl) of fair in
good lair i*uLi'.v, the,most, pert at JOf and ths rest
ul H'Jl 50 the 60 k. dixly pHid.
r J o h , I? "' a T unt '<> b J 62 baler, consisting
ol J/7 N .Orleans,of’ which HO5 «i 87f 50 to 07f Mr
*’ I " l GDI to lOof, mid 31 m 1051 to ID7I 50; 1440
.Mobile, ol which 27 at «8f 933 at 80f to 9if and
42 ) at 9hf jo 371 50; G 427 Upland, of'which, 4-V ft
Hv, and 6.149 m HOI lo 95); and 18 (inadaloupa ul
HrZ\ dU--rtlip whole jlufy jmid..
The dip/ilies received par contra, have been 1233
boles U. s, and 404 fimzils, logeile-r 15.17. .Stork
I lib Aov. 45,792 bales, of which 35,557 (} S
iS'ov. 22.—W0 have an increased demand for Cot
ton, "nd prices am suffer ; indeed, in a /,-w Irnnsac
lions, holders have been able to ma ize higher prir
res. Colleo is selling at former rales, hot in small
P ? r r rf,', . Vh y <?s "'''cJay an import from Untavm
ol j,o-0 ha s. In -Sugar lliorois not much dons
smee our lasi; Ibe few transaeliims that have taken
place have been effected at f,2f. Sf)o. lor good 4lb
We have received Ir.rni Perm Rico ICO casks stiguf,
but from our own colonies there lias been no arrival
, ~ " ‘ sj-iaapn;
HAV\ \ V A If, Jhii B.—< , l(*art , <l l *lupi
lo , J.ivcrpoo ; Pro)M»nti«. Iluwtu. do; nelir South Cara
liiia, Mupheits ( Imrliitmu j
Arr. steamboat* Win rtaiftrA-Jt, Diiboi?! Cliurlntont
“outh Carolina, Gould) Aogovtn, j» I.
U. parted, . lesintiuatt iKn.iiigi r, (lllinik nihip, I>«.
rim: J. -Slone, Mriidsl, Darien; Og etlmri.., Wood, Au
M.i Rlt U.l).
On Thursday evbcimg, the illi in.-t. by the
Kev. P. N. Maddux, Mr. Isaac L. ANp.Kßsoy,in
Miss Lirei.cbi Uakau, all of Warren County.
On Thursday evening, 4th instant, by Her,
Mr. A. IV..Cuiniinglmm, Mr. John C. Kerb, for
merly of Kent eonnij, Delaware, to Mis* Isabel
la Lawson, of Augusta, Oa.
I OST on 'i llegibly evening Inst, either in Angus
-■-d la, or on tho \\ rigliishoro’ road, within 4 (Alice
of Augusta, a lied Morocco I’OCKKT HOOK.ren
lainiiig 3JO or 8315, in bills, I tic burks nat recollect
id. The name oflbe subscriber is written inside tbs
Pocket Hook. Jhe above reward w ill he given lor
the ilelively of the Pocket Kook and .Money to Mr.
A/. Little, ol the tilobe IloieJ, or io the suhse.ribor in
Crawfordvillo. THUS. J WKLHOIt.V.
_ UIIB 311 153 ts
OR mislaid , on tho 28:h inst., a roinmon sized
Leather Poukoi Book, cununning notes ns well
ns I can recollect, as tbllows line on Thoniar I),
h'cy.ot Jelfer.on country, lor mo hundred end ten
dollars; onuon.l. Palmer of Richmond county, lor
ono hundred and ninety dollar*; one on Daxid P#l.
mer for one hundred, dollars; ono on Peter Lamar
of Lincoln county, for (our hundred and twenty
seven dollars; Iwo on James Jenninjjs;.(:»th pwethiw
aiuouniiog to twx hmuired and eight dollar* grid
several other smaller note* which Ido not now re
member, ingcllior with scrip ol Bank Stock ol ike
Darien [tank, Branch at Augusta to iho amount of
l flirty shares. Also a number of other paper* ej
value to me. Any itnformatioH in relation to the
above will he thankfully recened, besides a liberal
i u ward will he given for the Book and its eonteit*
TiIU.M.IS J. JENATYUS.
aid. 30 If 251